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VOL XLVIl NO. 80 NEWBERRY2 S. U.. FRIDAY. OCTOBER 15. t909 TIEAWE.$.0AYA
'"MOUES KEY WEST TO CHAOS
OF WRECKED BUILDINGS.
Moves to Northeast After Spending
Fury.-Many Lives Have Been
Lost in Wake of Moving
Key West, Fla., Oet. 11.-As a re
sult of the hurricane which struck
the southern coast of Florida this
morning, Key West to-night is a mass
of wreckage and the damage to prop
erty is estimated at $,000,000. Mar
tial law was proclaimed by the mayor
at 6 o'clock and the Key West guards
are patroling the city.
The United States government has
been asked to dispatch troops here
without delay to assist in patrolling
the storm swept area.
Chaos reigns on every hand and
few people remain in their homes,
hundreds of which have either been
totally wrecked or damaged. It is im
possible at this hour to say whether
there has been loss of life, but it is
feared many lives have been claimed
along the coast.
It is known that many have re
teived more or less serious injury and
reports are current that several lives
ihave been lost. but these have not
The storm reached its height at 1
o 'eock this afternoon, when the wind
reaehed an estimated velocity of 100
miles an hour.
There was a hard, steady blow from
8 a. m. to 3 p. m., when the wind be
gar to die down and by 4 o'clock the
centre of the hurricane :had passed
While the hurricane is the worst
that Key West has ever experienced,
the local weather observer announced
to-night that bhe indications are that
the entire east coas of Florida will
suffer erribly to-night.
.Of 100 local vessels in the harbor
this morning but five remain at an
chor. the others having either gone to
sea or been washed up on the beaches.
The streets along the~water front are
a mass of wreckage.
Brick as well as frame buildings
throughout the city suffered alike
from tihe fury of the heavy wind and
many miraculous escapes from death
or ;erious injury have been reported.
Besides the several score of resi
deees eithe.r totally wrecked or blown
from their pillars. niine factories were
partially. destroyed, including the Ha
baa-Amnerican. Martinez. Nicholas.
Rue Lopez. Manuel Lopez. Fleitas
Trris. ~Cortez and Wolf eigar manu
No. I and No. :3 engine houses of
the city fire departmnen: were de-!
stroved, the firemen narrowly escap
. several of the horses were killed.
Tc top of the First National bank
es blown off, the postoffice was darn
aed anrd two running gears of the
covrnment coSiiing station were
Everytelephonle and electric lightt
pole on Duval street. the priacipal
thorouhfare of the city, was blown
As soon as the wind had subsided
lundering beagan. The city pohiee
re'e was unable to cope with the
.i.uatonl and the mayor decided to
ra.e sw2Ciet measures to suppress
the loo.ting, his proclamation of mar
il law resulting.
Almnost every na tionalitv is repre
.nteri among the city 's population of
more t'aan 20.000. about one-half of
wh ar'e employed in t.he cigar mani
ufactories. sponoge fisheries and sal
*Yvette Guilbert's Newest Song
Tven e Guilber:. who' has made a
wodrful uces haS a ne.*\ song.
- I ri." which i making a pro
uced hit. The Sunday World has
arragedi to publish :he words and
musc o'f "Marie" next Sunday for
the benetit of its readers and you will
miss a treat if von fail to get it.
There will also be a page of pictures
inc>Sof stage beau-:ies.
Preaching at Enuoree.
lPi . e annlounce preachinhg at En
cv .xt Sunday (1Uth instant) at
11,ek a. mi. All the members
~ctto be present as there rs
-sines~ or importance to be~
C. L. Craig.
SUCCESS OF A NEWBBERY BOY
Money in Farming if Properly Man
aged.-Live at Home.-Cotton
Thinking that those readers of your
paper that know me and my parents
would like to learn of my success as
a farmer, I write these few lines. I
might say in the outset that I run a
seven -horse farm, five for wages and
two for croppers, but this report is
for my wages crop alone.
First, I made 135 bushels wheat.
Threshed 350 bus hels oats and
saved about same amount for feed.
I have gathered the following:
500 bales peavine hay. with lot of
24 loads peavine hay. with lot of
peas, not yet packed.
40 loads peavine hay. unknown va
riety, not packed.
39 4-horse loads fine slip shucked
corn, containing 28 bushels to load by
weight, making a total of 1,092 bush
9,000 bundles fodder.
125 bushels cow peas.
200 bales oat straw put up.
200 bales oat straw with shucks.
30 bushels beardless barley.
I might say just here we have sold
$55.00 worth of straw used for bed
ticks; $30.00 of this being sold in
I believe in living at home and in
an effort to that end I now have
seven hogs fattening for my use. Of
course it will not take that much for
my use but will sell middings to my
I have 65 acres in cotton to my
wages crop and 35 to my two crop
pers, at one time bhought I would,
make upwards of 100 bales, but as a
result of drought think I will get
about 55 on wages crop and 25 on
croppers. I may fall short of this,
but think I will reach it.
I have often said there is money
in farming, if conducted in a busi
ness way. I used 400 pounds high
grade fertilizer to acre, of my own
mixing on wages crop, and 300
pounds to acre for croppers. I pre
pare my cotton land thoroughly in the
fall by first cutting cotton stalks with
a machine for that: purpose. then
bed out with two-horse plow. and if
possible subsoil all rows with Chat
tanooga subsoil usin- three large
mules. I think tahis a good p'lan to
have moisture in case of drought the
succeeding year. Land should be thor
oughly prepared and worldeed shal
low and often. I use cultivators
freely in my growing crop.* I planted
part of my corn on Williamson plan.
foo wing partly my own plan, using
500 pounds fertilizer to aere as corn
was buneihing for tassel and 100
pounds soda when I laid by.
I have a field of 6 1-2 acres i
front of my house thus treated and
have just hauled it in and by actual
weight, got 78 bushels and 73 pounds
to the acre measuiredl. and this acre
was a fair average of the field. I
contend that with fair seasons we can
make corn for 20 cents per bushel,
and to take present p)rices you see
there is good money in raising corn. I
will be able to sell 500 busihels of corn
next spring. I have not been as care
fu in the past in selecting seed corn.
but this y-ear I went over the field and
releted well shaped stalks with two
large ears and they near the ground
ani pulled the largest ear's. I feel it
is just as essential in selecting your
corn to insure a good yleid as it is in
securing good. well proportioaed
so)w5 in riigood pigs.
I have comec to another conclusion.
that it. is best to apply fertilizer just
)eore corn or eo:tonl begins to fruit.
Is this tetiizer goes to the forming
o the ear and boll rather than mnak
in a large stalk. I expect to use 600
pounds to the acre niext year and only
put. say 150 pounds when I plart and
aout time squares begin1 to formt I
will make side application following
this at interva:s of about ten days.
Another thing we farmers (do not
know or do not do. If land produces
ot ton that. grows S feet in height we
put the same analysis of fertilizer as
e do v ery sma1ll weed an d this should
n1t he' the case.* Apply on large
-1rwt land, liberailly of acid andl po'
ings and exchange your views on
farming. Those who have made a sue
eess in certain lines should give their
fellow farmers the benefit of their
Mv advice is make yourhogalidlhom
iny at home and let your cotton be to
a certain extent a surplus. See how
much you can raise to the acre at
least cost. and not how much you can
A liberal application of fertilizer,
and more brai in your farm work,
is far cheaper than negro labor.
I am interested in Newberry, as my
father. Rev. J. D. Bowles, and my
mother, who was a Fellers, known by
all Newberry. were Newberrians by
birth. and I was reared principally in
Newberry. and lastly received good
.tra,ining at dear old Newberry Col
lege under the tutorship of the ]a
mented Dr. Holland.
Monroe G. Bowles.
Coronaca, S. C.
TO CURTAIL PRODUCTION.
Proposition Must, Receive Assent of
the Association's Members.
There is a great deal of interest
in the action of the American Cotton
Manufacturers' association regarding
curtailment of production, following
the proposition formulated at the
board of governors' meeting in Char
lotte last week. This was about the
only topic of importance seriously
considered at this conference. The
meeting was held at the office of the
association. President Lewis W. Par
ker, of Greenville, was in the chair.
There were present about twenty-two
manufacturers, including the officers
of the association, the members of
the board of governors, and a few
special guests, recruited mainly from
former officials of the organization.
The session was altoget:her harmon
ious. After coiisidering the status of
the industry, the disparity between
the price of raw cottons and cottorA
products. with a comprehensive dis
cussion as to causes and effects, the
following resolution was passed:
"Resolved. That in view of the dis
parity now existing between the
price of cotton and cotton goods. we
"1. That a commit tee of five he
appointed to formulate a curt ailment
''2. That we recommend to. every
nill whi.eh is in a position to do so to
igtisagreement and enter upon a
general eurtailment until the price of
goods~ becomes ou a parity with thle
price of cotton."
To formulate this curtailment
lrement, the following named man
ufacturers were chosen: Messrs. D. A.
Tomkins of Charlotte; Lewis WV.
Parkier of Greenville. S. C.: WV. A.
Erwin. Durham: E. A. Smyth, Green
vile, S. C., and T. H. Rennie. Pell
Secretary P>ryant will mail letters
to all the members of the association
within the next day or two. Each
of these letters will contain a copy of
the resolution passed a: this meeting
of the board of governors, with rca
sons why sneh action was taken and
enlosed will ,be the followig agree
mentl whlichi the members of tihe asso
elaioni can sign if they so desire. If
tey do so they wilil)be expected to.
return them to the office of the asso
:aton in order that they may be
turned over to the committee. The
agreement is as follows:
''We, the undersigned. agree to
curt ail operations~ of our mills one
dyor more each week nliiil goo)d5
"Ti agreement is condtionIal up
on signatures by mianufuactutrers rep
resating 60 per cent of the spindles
o the associat ion and will become
operative upon statement by the coml
mittee to t:his effect."
Some idea of the importance of the
American Cotton Manu facurers' as
o)catt1in and what a general cur
tilmnent hy its members will result
nl mayi be gainedI by theC stat emenit
he it represetl bn 0.0.0
It haseeni anntonneied t hat the
MILL MEN CONTRADICTED.
Stocks in New York Said to Be Only
Normal.-Spinners Stocks Ac
Atlanta, Ga., Octooer 8.-Henry S.
Reed, editor of the Cotton Journal,
has issued a statement about the al
leged large stocks of that commodity
carried over and now ;held in reserve.
"Statements have been made rela
tive to the enormous stocks of cotton
carried over, etc. But the carry-over
as shown by the following figures for
September 1. 1908, and September 1,
1909, was ,but normal.
"Spinners stocks in Great Britain
on September 1, 1908, were 202,000
bales as against 277,000 bales on Sep
tember 1, a year ago, or an actual
shortage of 75,000 bales this year as
compared with last.
"Spiners stocks on the continent
of Europe September 1, 1909,aggre
gated 1,324,000 bales against 1,187,
000 September one year ago. This is
an actual increase of 137,000 bales,
making the increase in foreign stocks
September 1, 1909, over September 1,
1908. 62,000 bales or enough to run
the continental mills three days, or
enough to run English mills five days.
The English mills used 80,000 bales
per week during' August. 1909. and
60.000 bales during August, 1908. The
continental mills used 110.000 bales
per week during August, 1909, and
1908. The total weekly consumption
abroad during August, 1909. was
190,000 bales against 127,000 during
Mill Men Insist on Curtailment.
Charlotte, N. C.. Oct. 8.-That the
ireseint disparity between the price
of cotton and cotton goods precludes
the possibility of the successful op
eration of Southern mills is the unan
imous opinion of the board of gov
ernors of t-ie American Cotton Man
ufacturers' Association which was in
session here nearly all day.
R.esolutions were adopted by the
board setting forth this fact and ap
pointing a 4ommittee of five to formu
late a curtailment agreement which
every mill in the South was urged to
sign. The following prominent man
ufacturers were named as the com
mittee: L. W. Parker. Greenville, S.
C.: W. A. Erwin. Durham. N. C.: D.
A. Tompkins. hiarlo:te. N. C. E.
A. Smvt:h. Gireenville. S. C.: T. M.
Rennie. Pell City. Alabama.
Charlotte was selected as the place
for the 19i0' meetiug of the Associa
ion., which will b)e held the fourth
Tuesday in May. Atlanta. Richmond.
St. Louis and Memphis and a half
dozeni other cities extended invita
ABOUT PERSONS AND THINGS..
News Brieny. Told.-Gathered From
In and Out of the State, Nation
As a result of the work of the
specia-l committee which met in Co
lumbia a few days ago, and composed
of Senator Tillmnan,. State Sentor Alan
Johnsione, and the Hon. R. I. Man
ning. it is understood that these gen
temnen have in mind the name of one
whom they consider the right man
for t he presidenit 's chair o f Clemson
co4lege.. Until however,. they aly this
name before the trustees of the Col
ege. no one of the hoard of trustees
can be induced to talk for pubilica
Justice Moody of the United States
supreme court has been suffering
from a severe attack ot rheumatism
andi t bougnh he is recovering it will
be several months before he will he
abl)e to attend to public duties.
dAbout tifty-onc almonid..eyed youiths
ar coming to America to study' in
various universities and colleges. They
have already sailed from Shanghai,
and this is the only deputation sent
to America as a result of the remis
sion of the Boxer indemnity.
Because he has been talking every
nient since renehing the States after
sha long~ silence in the Polar re
aionis. Dr. Cook's throat is giving out.
These' lectures have been a severe test
Oin Dr. ( oo k's thlroat . D)r. (Cook has
Sta airu aissociat ion to deliver~ anl
addr ess ini Maeon,. oni (Octoheir 27.
Lam oi lnem wil o to Columbia.
AN OCEAN VOYAGE.
Told By Dr. Wolling, of Newberry.
His Last Trip from Brazil Where
He Lived Many Years.
Rev. J. W. Wolling, D. D.
From Rio de Janeiro to New York
is a long ocean voyage of over 5,000
miles. but to reach home once more
the trip must be made. Our good
ship, the Byron, stood far out it the
anchorage but a large group of loving
friends and brethren took me in a
large steam launch and in such pleas
ant company we were soon alongside,
and ready to climb the long steps to
the deck of the ocean liner. They
were still loading coffee. of which we
have 35,000 sacks on board, but in;
a few hours the anohor was lifted
and we were moving toward the open
sea. I waved good-bye, and it may
be a final farewell, to Brazil and the
beautiful city of Rio de Janeiro, and
thus we were finally started on our
homeward trip Wednesday, Decem
ber 5. 1906.
Hardly :had the Byron cleared the,.
bay when strong .head winds and an
angry sea met us and for three days
we were tossed until at last, much
behind time, we reached the friendly
port of Bahia. During a stormy night
they worked loading immense quan
tities of cacao, or the chocolate bean
I and large logs of Brazilian wood. and
at early dawn we were ready once
more to breast the rolling waves, so
much sung a.bout on shore, but so lit
tle enjoyed when tossed about by
t-heir fury. At last we anchored in
front of Pernambuco the last port
call for us on the Brazilian coast.
This is a quaint. old, steep-roofed,
high-gabled city, built by the Hol
landers. and the largest stigar market
in Brazil. It is considered healtihy
and not very hot though only 9 de
grees south of the equator. Here the
Presbyterians have a prosperous
mission. For awhile we could still
see land but soon the highest hills
saxnk into the waves and we set our
faces towards- Barbadoes, which lay
eight days across the waste of waters
where neither ships nor land appear.
I Here it is that the flying fish rise in
sehoofs. the little pink nautilus comes
to the surface. spreads his delicate
sail. and is borne away over the wa
ters. and occasionally an immense
whale shows his great body and sends
the water spouting from his nostrils.
On this occasion, as many times be
fore. I was impressed wit:h the im
mense volume of the waters of the
Amazon River. We were 250 miles
out from shore, but the deep blue sea
was lost in the dark, muddy flood sent
Lout by that mighty river, whose rapid
eurrent which sets to the north,
caght us and bore our ship along to
ward the Caribbean Sea.
Barbadoes is an English possession
and tihe most beautifur and highly
cntivated of the Windward Islands
of the West Indies. Beautiful shell
made roads reach every part of the
Island while lovely villas and country
seats,. surrounided by perfectly-kept
sugar farms, are seen on every side.
The whole Island is not half the size
o Spartanrburg -county but it has a
population of 200.000) engaged in t-he
planting of sugar cane, tobacco, yams,j
and sweet potatoes. The prineipal
itv. Brigetown. has a popu:ationl of
i;enty thousand people chiiefly en
gaged in t,be exportation of sugar and
the furnishing of coal and provisions
to the large number of ships calling
at that port. Here it is that a num
ber of little boats come ott to the
ship, in which small boys clothed with
oly a waist-cloth call to you to throw
ot' n:;ies for wich t hey dive with
the clear eve of a fish hawk. For
twent-five cents they will climb to
the t>p ot the ship and jump off or
Idive under the ship. With their
pranks they gather up no small num
ber of coins, and also give great
amusement to the sea-weary passen
In due time wye were off once more
and for a whole day we were sailing
alog among the beautiful West In
dia Islands. Along the shores of
Martinique we were almost in the
ha,r" ii wh is left of Mt. Pelee
whos tonwent off in! thle volcanie
burst a fewv years ago. and in full
view nf the city of St. Pierre. buried
br the falling storm of earth and
ashes. St. Lucia. St. Dominique,
Cuadalupe and many others covered
to the top with tropical verdure gave
us a pleasant day. And now with these
islands all left far behind and lost to
iew below the horizon, we are onc
more out on open sea and steaming
away toward New York, where by,
jod's( good providence we hope to ar
7ive on Christmas eve.-Southern
NEWS oF B.CHMAN CHAPEL
hurch Officers Elected.- School
Slighs, S. C., Oct. 13, 1909.-The
rollowing gentlemen were re-elected
to serve as Elders for the next year
at Colony church on the first Sunday
.n this month: Messrs. John Cous
ns, Sr., Geo. P. Griffin, L. I. Long
nd T. J. Wicker There will be reg
ilar ,services on the third Sunday.
Sunday school at a quarter past ten
and preaching at 11 o'clock by -the
?astor, Dr. A. J. Bowers.
The patrons of Union Academy will
aold a meeting at the school house on
aext Saturday for the purpose of
flecting a -teacher for tbe next ses
ion. It is 1hoped that there will be
i full attendance.
Misses Eula Ray and Nannie May
Sligh and small sister, Rosine, of near
t Paul's, visited a.t the home of Mr.
and Mrs. T. J. Wilson, on last Sat
jrday night and Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Enlow, the
ride and groom, whom we had ref
rence to in speaking of those "wed
ling bells'" in our last letter spent
ast Sunday at the home of the bride's
nother, Mrs. John F. Banks. We ex
:end our best wishes to .tihe happy
:ouple and wish for them much sue
ess and happiness through the life
Mr. John .C. Turner, of Newberry,
sent last Sunday afternoon at the
iome of Mr. and Mrs.. T. J. Wilson.
Rev. P. H. E. Derrick preached at
3achman Chapel on last Sunday
norning and will preach again on the
ourth Sunday morning at eIeven
>'elock, which will be. his closing
ermon for them.
We wish him success in his school
The weather is cooL dry and dusty
n this section and: if it continues for
while longer this way the farmers
vili ze through gathering early this
sear. The cotton and the pea crops
ire short. but corn that was planted
~arly and fertilized and worked prop
rl is very good. We would be glad
: see a niee rain now as it is time
hat we were beginning to sow oats.
The present price of cotton and cot
on seed is sufficient to put the farm
r in pretty good shape unless his
rop is very short. We think -that the
nost of it is being sold as it is
Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Kinard and
family spent last Simday at the home
>f Mrs. Kinard's parents, Mr. and
MIrs. T. J. WiIson.
le health of this community is
very good at present, this is something
:hat we all should be very proud of as
t is the greatest blessing we can have.
It seems this morning like it is
old enough for frost. We don't see
where there would be any great dam
age done bf frost as it is about time
tor it so I suppose we will -lust have
to let it come.
German experts believe that aero
planes as tihey are now, will be of
little use for military purposes, and
so does the American Government. It
seems that the German ministry of
war has not bought the Wright aero
p-lane for this reason.
The Psalm of Wife.
Lives of great men all remind us
What a lot we owe our wives.
Little women who get behind us
And make sometihing of our lives.
--Catholic Standard and Times.
Let us then .be up and "doing''
Everyone, with skill and nerve,
Till our wives (our pile accruing)
Get the good things they deserve.
The Best Qualification.
Mrs. Youngwife-What is the first
question you ask of' a maid whom
you think of employing?
Mrs. Oldone-I always say first,
''Have'yon ever lived with me be