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Alleges Cook Did Not
Reach Norh Pole.
PROOF Of STATEMENT,
Ite as Quoted Are Cook's
NATIVES -LAUGH AT CLAI,
Point Out limit of Explorer's Jour
ney on Carefully Prepared Map.
New York, October 12.-The follow
Ing statement of Commander Robert
E. Peary, which he submitted, to
gether with the accompanying map. to
the Peary Arctic Club in support of
his contention that Dr. Cook did not
reach the North Pole. is now made
public for the first time. The state
ment and map have been copyrighted
; th Peary Arctic Club.
(Entered according to Act of congress,
in the year 1909. by the.Peary Argtic Club,
1h the office of the .ibrarian of Congress,
at Washington, D. C.)
INTRODUCTION BY PEARY.
Some of my reasons for saying that
Dr. Cook did not go to the North Pole
will be understood by those who read
the following statements of the two
Eskimo boys who went with him, and
who told me and others of my party
where he did go. Several Eskimos
who started with Dr. Cook from An
oratok in February, 1908, were at Etah
when I arrived there in August, 1908.
They told me that Dr. Cook had with
him, after they left, two Eskimo boys
or young men, two sledges and some
twenty dogs. The boys were I-took-a
shoo and Ah-pe-lah. I had known
them from their childhood. One was
about eighteen and the other about
nineteen years of age.
On my return from Cape Sheridan
and at the very first settlement I
touched (Nerke, near Cape ChalIon) in
August, 1909, and nine days b)efore
rahing Etah, the Eskimos told me,
in a general way, where Dr. Cook bad
been; that he had wintered in Jones
Sound and that he had told the white
men at Etah that he had been a long
way north, but that the boys who were
with him, I-took-a-shoo and Ah-pe-lah.
said that this was not so. The Eski
mos laughed at Dr. Conk's story. On
reaching Etah, I talked with the Eski
mos there and with the two boys and
asked them to describe Dr. Cook's jour
uney to members of my party and my
self. *This they did in the manner
(Signed) R. E. PEARY.
SIGNED STATEMENT OF PEARY,
BARTLETT, McMILLAN, BORUP
AND. HENSON, [N REGARD TO
TESTIMONY OF COOK'S TWO
The two Eskimo boys. I-took-a-shoo
and Ah-pe-lah, who accompanied Dr.
Cook while he was away from Anora
'tok in 1908 and 1909. were questioned
separately and independently, and
were corroborated by Panikpah, the
father of one of them (I-took-a-shoo),
who was personally familiar with the
first third and the last third of their
journey, and who said that the route
for: the remaining third, as shown by
them, was as described to him by his
son after his return with Dr. Cook.
Notes of their statements were taken
by' several of us. and no one of us has
any doubt that they told the truth.
Their testimony was unshaken by
cross-examination, was corroborated
by other men in the tribe, and was
elicited neither by threats nor lroim
ises, the two boys arid their father
talking of their journey and their er*
periences in the samet -way that they
would talk of any hunting trip.
To go more iuto details: On~e of the
boys was called in, and, with a chari
on the table before him, was asked tc
show where he had gone with Dr.
Cook. This he- did, pointing out witl:
his finger on the map, but not making
any marks upon it.
As he went out, the other boy 'camnE
in and was asked to show where bE
had gone with Dr. Cook. This he did
also without making any marks. and
indicated the same route and the samE
details as did the Mrst boy.
SWhen he was through, Panlkpah
the father of I-took-a-shoo, a very in
telligent man. who was in 'he p)arty
of Eskimos that came back from Dr
Cook from the northern end of Nan
sen's Strait, who is familiar as a hunt
er with the Jones Sound region. anI(
who has been in Commnander Peary':
various expeditions for some fiftee
years, camne in and indic'ated the samni
localities and details as the two boys~
Then the first boy was brought ir
again, and with a pencil he traced or
the map their route. members of oul
party writing upon the chart where
aordin<g to the boy's statement, thel
had killed deer, bear. some of their
dogs, seal. walrus and musk-oxen.
The second boy was then called in
and the two went over the chart to
gether. the second boy suggesting
some changes as noted hereafter.
Finally, Panikpah, the father, was
again called in to verify details of the
portions of the route with which he
was personally familiar.
The bulk of the boys' testimony was
not taken by Commander Peary. nor
in his presence, a fact that obviates
any possible claim that they were
awed by him.
Certain questions on independent
lines from the direct narrative of the
- x - -. . . . . -.
W ... ....
.. .. .. .
. .......... -. .
upe.ethn .one it r eb
.b w, P.. e a .. Co
mande Peadry ow,Omeofu.nwr
.t deelpe that. Dr....Cook.had.t..
... .. .. .
these y .s h t
and ............ Bi. P ie .' the... cab .
sh el aonyigmapise
Th pnarro atie bof traced ouskino the
ae homlo s: Hbad herg
Teyn wih, Dryok Felraeke Dr.Co
niehrEskimo y eesuggeftednbyatok.
letiComander Peary'o s and house
pit Payers Haor, enm wenothou.
ic Stratr tommuander Bay Ated
tfew Emches twok and three casua
mosuredtore him. raok
Drin thek twinth others, teipro
itededelupd tat!rRa. Coo brad ofd
Bandnil Bay,and. trosed Elblesmere
thand thyoust t tll p'aatde
Peady orFlager)Ray, inyicate bom
thneir Pearrny i t89e bond utilied b
Sdrup ino 1ha.d threie hed of' ter
The(.iir rute' onfa u thr sioug tis
iord,therc nsiorth throug Sverrup's
"Hoseek Snd"h' atnd Nase Strait.
slep tir wayn th!ley kie:sd ukoen
ivntallyr Hatar poi on t wetroide
ofiNns Strait (sihorei of. Ate Hei
fe mache ws freee and the~'i
forkmos nddo Anort okbyndti
poin. Cok,wi others, tnh pro
Inughito.wen Boy.n osed Eoresmrch
wihD okand t he alle bps thep
Sedro bind9)t the waigof here
Thrn wioutte slayep tthouhg.
fiord, tenc noimnh thugh hner-up
letter from Dr. Cook to Franeke. do
ed the 17th of March. The two mi
rejoined the other four men who b
been left behind, and the six returm
to Anoratok, arriving May 7th. Th
information was obtained not from t!
two Eskimo boys, but from the s:
men who returned and from Franel
himself. and was known to us in ti
summer of 1908. when the Rooserv
first arrived at Etah. The informati(
is inserted here as supplementary 1
the narrative of the two boys.)
After sleeping at the camp where tI
last two Eskimos turned back, D
Cook and the two boys went in
northerly or northwesterly directic
with two sledges and twenty odd dog
one more march, when they encou
tered rough ice and a lead of open wi
ter. They did not enter this rough i
nor cross the lead. but turned wes
ward or southwestward a short di
.P...A... RV ii'. C1
.. . . .. .
...... OW A-- M --a
.. . . . .... ..... .. ..
.. . ...
d exctyfrmh orgia submitte
t D. ACN
r n f E Os a
net Va oCok'setrWjuny
tanc and retrnd oHebeg a
ted ecacly from therigithe foubmittb
Hreneo thetw remaimour wo i
sliees,endiduringrtheat frm Isaoo
shoo awpont west o wher tahe ad ge
hescgchewaidhher h lfou then and
ture backedwyo. afwsp
replire thatny eae smalr aorunt
sleepsion and ben tsed tie teoke
says wne they let the cache, and th
thir guege whillh had ll thee and
carry, stha thy couly ao tew suppl
Ater akeing fromed cofe the bo,
rplie tht fn3a somae Peaun
putroin thbsn read to this tr
days sine they left the cache and it.
Thesedguestilns and allswers weu
-ar Did thyhe 'crossdmnyt topen lead
muc Apfwter ben nomdrin ths tim
Dari thus ar, anymeader outent
sucestns aNeio. fqus?ost
Dutid the yiany regard o tehit
foto the lice outh and bak Tom:
Hbbrd' Auins ando. we w
Did they 'crloss moany of lead
doswieoto h c?Ans. No
Didtheyo meany sladges outid th
star? Ans. Two.
I Ho many dogs did they have? A T
Did not rememher exactly. but some
How many sledges did they have
when they got back to land' A.
Did they have any provisions left on
their sledges when they came back to
o land? Ans. Yes: the sledges still had
about all they could carry, so they were
able to take but a few things from the
r. From here they then went southwest
a along the northwest coast of Heiberg
n Land to a point indicated on the map
s. (Sverdrup's Cape Northwest).
From here they went west across
- the ice, which was level and covered
3. with snow, offering good going, to a
t- low island which they had seen frmu
- the shore of Heiber. Land at Cape
rece the.noth.pol. The.. ma p. r
g Notws. Oth a t
as ~ rz draw by ... th4irtbo,wa: ri4
b~ I ..
. .. .. . . .. .
I csdyt sc. bo as bi too
ae t t w
on o aligte tetono h
a irt o hefattht hepoitono
the~ isadwsmr nal nln
s with the.point.wher the half
s ebr an Cp orhet n
the hannl bewee Amud Rigne
Lan an.l'ige and
at Thscrtcim n crecio asa
I bas soitoped,samader Peary t i hal~I
er gin insruCtond tacnorchange o
>he dedsures inr the sbel ma i thot
ipas dan is the Eskiosf the dhat.
F Nrthet. O this island they c am w
re ford beon sep. u' llfRn
nTe siand Amnd oitingneths iland,)
Ir ciromb the isecnd they ajourne too
A' wadocan the athadnti of thetw
thensl(Amnd wasingeneand). inssine.
ie wat tmal int where they ado visit.
Arreivig Lad (Cae shorthwest Aand
le Landgnd Lnd, thneEks kilned.
-i Thie criocis tanisd ortion was the
staetemen by the s mo whosartedrt
'e ha the poi of te ih--hd. butk
back. and the entfre time during which
he couLid pmiiely a:y: i any at
teipts to go to i.
The answers of ;h. Eskin- hys to
Commander :' ri s series of ide
killed no :. .
no do-s. ro. 14 i 1 'A.2
loaded ;Ied-d e . L.:1k ~ !1 ("Al :1~t~~t
of the Pole on ihe Trip North of Cape
Thomas Hubbard a physLal and math
ematical impossibility, as it would de
mand the subsistence of three men
and over twenty dogs during a jour
ney of ten hundred and forty geograph
ical miles on less than two sledge loads
If it is suggested that perhaps Dr.
.Cook got mixed and that he reached
the Pole, or thought he did, between
the time of leaving the northwest coast
of Heiberg Land at Cape Northwest,
and his arrival at Ringnes Land. where
they killed the deer, we must then add
to the date of Dr. Cook's letter of
March 1Tth, at or near Cape Thomas
Hubbard, the subsequent four or five
sleeps at that point, and the number
of days required to march from Cape
Thomas Hubbard to Cape Northwest
(a distance of some sixty nautical
miles). which would advance his date
i of departure from the land to at
least the 25th of March, and be pre
pared to accept the claim that Dr.
Cook went from Cape Northwest
(about latitude eighty and a. half de
grees North) to the Pole, a distance of
five hundred and seventy geographical
miles, in twenty-seven days.
After killing the deer they then trav
elled south along the, east side of Ring
nes Land to the point indicated on the
chart, where they killed another deer.
They then went east across the south
part of Crown Prince Gustav Sea to
the south end of Heiberg Land, then
down through Norwegian Bay, where
they secured some bears, but not until
after they had killed some of their
dogs, to the east 'side of Graham Is
land; then eastward to the little bay
marked "Eid's Fiord" on Sverdrup's
chart; then southwest to Hell's Gate
and -Simmon's Peninsula.
Here for the first time during the
entire journey, except as already noted
off Cape Thomas H. Hubbard, they
encountered open water. On this point
the boys were clear, emphatic. and un
shakable. They spent a good deal of
time in this region, and finally aban
doned their dogs and one sledge, took
Ito their boat, crossed Hell's Gate to
North Kent, up .into Norfolk' Inlet,
then back along the north coast of
Coin Archer Peninsula to Cape Vera,
where they obtained'fresh eider duck
eggs. Here they cut the remaining
sledge off, tnat is shortened it, as it was
awkward to transport with the boat,
and niear here they killed a walrus.
The statement in regard to the fresh
elder duck eggs permits the approri
- m'ate determination or the date at this
time as about the first of .Tul,y. (This
statement also serves, If Indeed any
thing more than the Inherent straight
forwardness and detail of their narra
tive were needed, to substantiate the
accuracy and truthfulness of the boys'
statement. This locality- of Cape Vera
is mentioned in Sverdrup's narrative
as the place where during his stay In
that region he obtaiued eider ducks'
From Cane Vera they went on down
into tho southwest angle of Jones
Sound. where thbey killed a seal; thence
east along the south coast of the
Sound. killing three bears at the poiut
noted on the map, to. the peninsula
k-nown; as Cape Sparbo on the map,
about midway on the south side of
Tones Sound. Here they killed some
musk-oxen ar.d. continuing east, killed
four mere at the place indicated on
the chart, and were finally stopped 1r
th pack ice at the mouth of Jones
Soud. From here they turned be.ek
to Cape Sparbo. where they wintered
and killed many musk-oxen.
Aftr t 1:'9 en returned in 19C00 th'ey
started. p)ushi'g their sledge. aero
Jones Svm:d to Cape Tenny'nf: h''"
alone the "oast to Clarence Head (::-o
in inside of two small islands not
shwn on the chart, but drawn ou It
by the boys). where they killed a bear:
thenca' across the brcad bight in the
coast to CMogan Fiord; thenco t,n:id
Cape Isabella and up to Co-m'rr
Pearys cld acuse in Pt-.yer 1Hrbor
near Cape Sabine, where they fonnd a
seal cached for them by Pentpnh.
-took-a-shoo's father. From here they
crossed Smith Sound on the Ice. arn
riving at Anoratok.
(Signed) P. E. Pzaiv. U1 8. N.
Rtoner A. B~AVTurr'r.
I).tP : 8,8.T Rosi.
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Igood returning to leave Charlestoa
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J. F. Livingston, S. A. L. Tickel
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