Newspaper Page Text
- .LOOAL lXrATP
Corrected by Nat Gist. E
Good Middling 14 1-2 /
Strict Middling .14 3-8 Bugar....
By Robt. MCC. Holmes ilF mIrOK~,(o.1
Good Middling- 14 1-2UJFlT...65t7O
StidtdliO.. . .14 Mea-8
Cotton seed 45 eents
OLME XLVII. NUMBER 17. NEWBERRY, SOUTU CAROLIA, TUESDAY, MARCH 1, 1910.
BARGAIN SAL STILL ON.
One Dollar Gets The Herald and
News for One Year.-Limited
One to Each Subscriber.
-The bargain sale of The Heral
nd News is still on. And the peo
ple of the eonynty are taking advan
age of this extraordinary offer tc
get a newspaper twice a week fol
Remember the sale is limited tc
one year to each subscriber both foi
one year that -rints the news.
mew ones and renewals.
send.us adollar bi in a iettei
.d get The Herald and News for E
,isT of New Books.-Nei Mem
bers Neede.-Ca=vas to Be
Made This Week.
The library association has re
ly put in quite a number of th(
test and best books in fiction. Th<
has not kept up as il
should and unless - more member
-come in and help to support the as
eiation, this valuable adjunct t<
our community will be forced tc
.suspend business. It is hoped thal
ithe people of the community wil
,contribute the small amount charge
.or 8'nnual membership and thu
the association a power -U
e annual fee is one dollar. Mrs.
Norwood, of the association,
e a personal eanvas during
week and it is hoped that therf
be a hearty response.
The 'library is opeqo, to anybody
n the community who; desires te
-come to the rooms. to rea.d or consult
any book of reference. To the mem
bers, th'e privilege is given to carry
The association now has about one
thousand solumes .of standard works
of reference, poetry and fidtion.
The follawing is a list of new books
xecently - added.to the library:
.Xartin Eden, by Jack Landon.
A Citain Rich Man,, by' William
Richard Yea a'ad Nay, by Maurice
Patience- of John Morland, by
*The Lantern of Laek, 'by THrdson
-The Haven, by Eden Phillpotts.
The Northern Light, by Gilbert
The. God of Love, by Huntley Mc
The .Land. of Long Ago, by Eliza
The Bishop of Cotton Town,' by
John Marvel, Assistant, by Thomn
as Jdlson Page.
- he Foreigner, by Ralph Connor.
' My Lady of the South, by Parrish.
"The Game and the Candle, by In
The Danger M:ark, by -Chambers.
The asisociation has a complete set
,of Shakespeare's works with notes
;and a series of twelve stirdies on
"How. to .study Shakespeare." Also
-good reference books and eneyelope
importan3t to fie Merciants and Pro
* eaional Men:of Newberry.
*'he .merchants and. professional
"en of JNewberry are requested to be
present in the rooms of the ebamber
of commerce, Friday evening at 7.30,
'March the 4th, at which time there
will be an address by Mr. Norman
*H. Johnson, on "Merehants Aissocia
tion work," with a view of having
the merchants organization in the
different towns join a state associa
tion. If you have read at any time
he Merchants Journal of Commerce
you no doubt know something of Mr.
hnson 's ability as a -writer and his
bility as a Statee organizeer, having
ganized the State of North Caro
a, which organization has done fine
ork in that State, and proved very
neficial to all. Don't forget this
time and date, but be sure and come
out,xvou have nothing to lose, but on
the otner hand you may be greatly
TAXES ARE CLIMBING. I
The Levy for Newberry County as
Fixed by Delegation GiveA in
The tax levy for Newberry coun
ty fixed by the 'Newberry delegation i
in the recent general assembly, is con
tained in the Act printed below. The
.ordinary county levy is fixed at three
and one-half mills, the same as last'
vear. The one-half mill for past in
deibtedness levied last year is taken!,
9ff, but there is- an additional one-;
fourth mill added this year by the
Act providing for the borrowing of
$11,000 for past indebtedness, mak
ing the county levy one-fourth mill
less than last year. There is, how
ever, an increase of a'half mill in the!
State levy, which will make the total
levy this 'year for State and county
purposes one-fourth mill greater than
last year. _1 I
The *hole levy this year as it af
feets the entire county, exclusive of
special school and railroad taxes, is
as -follows: . ..
State levy. 5 3-4 mills.
Constitutional school tax, 3 mills.
For ordinary county purposes, 3 1-2
For roads and bridges, 1 mill.
Special court house tax, 1-2 mill.
Levy in Act to borrow $11,000 for
past indebtedness, 14 mill.
Total, 14 mills, -as against 13 3-4
mill. for last year.
In~ No 1 township there is an ad
ditional two mills for railroad bonds, -
which will run the levy up to1 mills'
and inq the city of Newberry there is
a special le'v'-f ix mills for school
purposes, whicli will make the levy
Iin the city of Newberry, exclusive of1
city taxes, .22 mills, as against 21 341
mills last year.
I Of the- speciar school levy of six
mills in the city, there is one mill
I provided for . the retirement of old I
bonds,- which Treasurer Epps thinks
it may possibly not be necessary to
In No. 8 township there is a' evy
of three mills for railroad. bods,
making the total levy 17 mills, and in
No. 9 there is a levy of two mills for J
railroad bonds, making the 'total 16
of Newberry, do not icuespecial~
It illbenoted- that teAtpo
1vides that "th county .treasurer -isi
here.by authorized to-turn, into the
ordinary county f.und to meet current
expenses the one-half of one mill col
lee-ted under the levy of 1909 to pay
past ind.bfedness, said4 amount not
having been expended for such .pur-1
County Treasurer Epps, in~ eplain-'
ing this provision, said that ,- before
the legislature of 1,909 adjourned-j,
and the Aot was approved and the
levy became effective,. that 'it halis
been necessary to apply the funds on
hand for ordinary county. purposes 1
to back indebtedness, and when the 1~
tax raised by this one-half mill levy1
became available the past indebted-]
ness which was contemplated by the .1
levy .had already been paid out of H
ordinary county fund. This tax is 1
being collected now, and under thei
provision of the Act below, which
has been cited, it really makes the
ordinary levy for 1909.- four mills. h
- It will also -be noted that there is
a levy of one mill for roads and brid- I]
ges, under a sperial Acf, which real
ly makes the ordinary county levy j
'this y ar 4 1-2 mills, a levy for roads 'a
and br dges being in.effect a levy for
ordinary county purposes. This same,]
special levy of one mill for roads and I
bridges was in effect last~ year.
The assessed valuation of proper
ty for taxation~ is about seven million
The Act below of course -does not
include taxes levied by special Acts j]
and the con'stitutional school tax and
'the levies of -railroad bonds and
special school levies.
The Act is as follows:r
Newberry Supply Bill.
Newberry County. For the County ;e
of Newberry for ordinary Countyt
purposes three and one-half 3 1-2)
[mills. The cournty 'supervisor is here- ['
by authorized and direted to draw j
Lis warrant for 'the sum of six hun
Ired and ninety and 6-100 ($690
i-100) dollars in favor of J. S.
ffheeler, 'county superintend'ent of 1
.ducation, said amount being due
lim as salary from March 23, 1909,
;o January .1, 1910, and the. county
reasurer is hereby directed to pay
;he same out of the ordinary county
:und. The- said county superintend
mt shall receive his salary begin
iing January 1, 1910, from the or
linary county fund. The county
;upervisor is hereby authorized and
?mpowered to borrow from the sink
.ng fund commission for current ex
?enses, a sum not exceeding twenty
Ive thousand dollars at a rate of in
terest :not greater than five per cent.
per annum but in the event said
imount cannot be obtained from -the
sinking fund commission, then the
said connty supervisor is hereby au
thorized and empowered to borrow
from any other source an amount
not exeeedieg twenty-five thousand
dollars at a rate of interest not ex
ceeding six per cent. pen an:n.um, for
the payment of said loan, the qrdi
nary county taxes for the year 1910
shall be pledged .5pon the note on
the rates of the county supervisor
and county treasurer. The rcou.nty
treasurer is hereby authorized and
directed to turn into the ordinary
aounty fund to meet - current el
penses, the one half of one (l-2)
mill collected under the levy of the
Fear 1909, to pay past indebtedDess,
aid amountnot having been ev"
;ended for such purpose. The coun
:y supervisor is hereby directed -to
Iraw his warrant in favor of those
>ersons who paid. commutation road
;ax for the year 1909, in excess of
;he amount required by law and
;he eounty treasuter is hereby di
-ected to pay said -warrants. That
t commission consisting of George
W. Summer, W. A. Hill, William P.I
Pugh, John 4M. Sber and I. M.
smith, who shall receive a compen
;ation of $2 per day for every day
ictually employed in carrying out
his Act be and are hereby, appoint
d to ascertain and fix the true value
)f certain road machinery hereto
ore purchased from the Good Roads"
[achinery / 'ompany, of Kennet
quare, State of Pennsylvania, on
he 2nd day of 'May, 1903. That the
aid commission shall meet as soon
ufter .the approval of this Act as
nay be convenient and shall fix the
ralue~ of the sitid road machinery,
Lind for this purpose shall "Iave au
;hority to administer oaths and to
'equire the production of books and
>apers, to compel the attenda;nce of
vitnesses, and to do' such other
hings as may be necessary 'for the
>urpose of carrying out the pro-I
risions of this Act. 'That the value
which may be fixed, by said .eomnmis.
ion shall. 'be deemed, and taken, and.
s hereby declared -to be the valid'
ndebtedness of Newberry county,.
or and on accounvt of said maehidi
~ry, an,d the said debt shall- become
lue and payable in' such manner arnd'
t such times ps may 'be fixed by
he commission herein provided fort
'rovided, that the said debt' shall
e paid within three years from the
pproval of this Act: Provided, fur-'
her, that if the said comimission and
he Good .Roads M chinery compan1y3
hall fail to agree 4pon the 'amount
.o be paid for sa'4 maehinerf, and~
nake settlement thereof, nothing'
ierein contained shall be deemd or
ield to deprive Newberry county of
tny legal defense heretofore ex
sting against the said claim. The
xpenses of this commission shall
tot exceed one hundred ($100) dol
tApproved the 19th day of Feloru
.ry, A. D. 1910.
Col. George Johnstone.
Col.' Johnstone, the distinguished
awyer of Newberry, has been as
igned this territory as attorney for
he Southern Railway. Col. John-2
tone is unquestionably one of the'
blest lawyers in the United* States,
nd as an advoeate he has but few
quals. Col. Jo'hnst.one 's friends in!
his county are numerous and they
vill learn with peculiar plea;sure of
tis assignment to such an important,
wh;itio...Lexi ngonn Dispatch.
ONE OF THE WINNERS.
General Agent Robert Norris, of Pa
cific Mutual, To Receive Reward
Of Good Work.
State Agent Robert Norris, of this
city, is one of the ten winners in the
cup contest of the Pacific Mutual
Life Insurance company for 1909.
Several days ago Mr. Norris receiv
ed the following letter from the pres
ident of the company:
Los Angeles, Cal., Feb. 19, 1910.
Mr. Robert Norris, General Agent,
the Pacific Mutual Life, Newberry,
S. C.-My Dear Mr. Norris: I wish to
congratulate you on your success i-:
being one of the ten winners in our
cap. contest of 1909, and I will be
very glad to meet you at the home of
.fiee, ind feel sure that you will not
-only enjoy, but be much benefited by
your introduction to our home offic
Very sincerely yours,
Geo. I. Cochran,
Mr. Norris has also reeived a let
ter ron Mr. C. I- P. dore, sere,
tary of the Pacific Mutual, extend
ing on behalf of the home office hiar
ty cograttilations. Among other
thii"? the secretary in'hi letter says,&
"Yo ertainly ave done l and
deserVe great .eredit,for the splendid
volume' of business you s3elured dur
ing the three monthts. concerned."
A hrip has, been plaaliad for -1e
ten. winners to,the Y4samite in :May,
whe Ithe Yosemite is ..t iti-best.
Mr,Noiris will represeznt ,is'agency
;.r..Norris is an in.Wanft man of
narked energy and ability, afd he
is ably assisted by hi oAce force and
all, bly agents u-ndez him i-i his ter
As :.n iinstdnee of tie eharacter of
work which he does, it may be stated
that seven days after one of his pol
idy hogders in Newberry asked for a
loan on his policies/and turned them
over to Mr. Norris, %the check was in
the hands of the policy holder.
* * * * * * * * * * *
On Friday afternoon, at the resi
dence of Mr. Jas. F. Epting, there
was a social meeting. of the two
Juvenile Missionary . societies' of
Central Methodist church,-the, -"Pal
met'to Leaves," and the "Buds and
Blossoms." tt was also the time
appointed to decide .the eontest ,be
tween the "Reds" a.ird the "Blues,"
as to which side had colleted the
ruore money towards the pledge for
foieign missions, Nellie Adams being
captain of; the red buttons, and Ge
*ie Wheeler being captain1 of the
.The7 "Reds" won by a small mar
gin, having to their credit $12.53,
while-.the "Blues" had collected
$10.00. Verhon Taylor iras given a
prize for the largest individual col
' MrsM Gaillard, the laidy managery
an14 Mm. Bornsby, as assistant, have
been indefatigable in their efforts for
success -among tihe. boys .and girls,
and a. report of- the year's work
shows that their efforts have been re
warded.- With a membership of 40,
the attendanee ,at the monthly me'et
ings, anid the payment of dues have
been nearly perfect.
The meeting on Friday afternoon
wasopened with prayer by the pastor,
Mr. Banks, after which Margaret
Davis sang a solo.
Mrs. Graillard gave in detail a most
enouraging report of the year's
'Three of the Buds and Blossoms
were called on for reeitations-Trox
elle Wright, John Epps and Caroline
Epps. Then came a recitation by
six girls from the Palmetto Leaves.
Grown people as well as children
enjoyed the talk by Miss Lucy Epps.
The serving of an abundance of
ice cream and cake to everybody
brought a very delightful afternoon
to a close. Many mothers were there,
and all were impressed with the con
sientious work of managers and
chldren. Who knows but that the
names of some of these very boys I
and girls may some day stand bighI
on the roll of the word's faithful
and consecrated missionairies?
Constant Work and Health.
Editor The Herald and. News:
Preachers -have sometimes taken texts
to use as pretexts (for what they
had premeditated aying)-so the
writer, 'to advance a thought more
on the "ten hour law,'' will take as
a text the diversion sprung in the
cotton mills, as Aunt Jerushy Jen
kins says, by the suggestion of an
amendment to such a law which would
prevent interference with the pres
ent arrangement for a half Satur
day holiday in the Newberry mills.
There were two poihts in, it that
iiight have caused the merriment:
(1) Alusion to a scientific fact, that
elevep hours constant work at bee
9n th@ Uervous systoA=-g4 34h
roro sq ian harder 1abor on many
or s6veral lint".
Our fair crities are not suciemitly
eonvorsed with physiology to appre
eiate fully the great advantage they
enjoy in that respeet with a half
day off one day out of six, over their
less fortunate sisters in other mills
working the full eleven hours -ay
six days in the week
In the article in question it was
admitted that the half Saturday ree
reation followed by the whole of
Sunday (recreation also), even-yea,
espeeially so-attending spbitual
services, was compensation. for the
6d hour over-work the other' five
Judging from the representations
of Aunt Jerushy Jenkinq, it appear
that the lady workers at cotton mills
are not posted in health seien.ee. In
which case it is easy for one in cheer
ful mood midst pleasant surromundings
to feel but little, 'if any, strain on
the nerves in overwork, but -it tells
in time. No man or company ha 'the
right to systematically impair the
health,or shorten the life of any one
in their employ.
It will surprise the good ladiss,
who have .made this fact a subject of
merriment, to learn that their siste;r
workers in the great industrial cen
ter,p of the sNorth and West, organ
ized into unions to secure conditions
of health, proper work 'hours, and
wages, that in seecuring .State legis
lation in favor of a "ten hour law,"
succeeded against the herculean ef
forts of the powerful manufacturers'
association only through the testi
mony .of the highest medical au-.
thorities and expert scientists, that
more than ten hours steady nervous
strain (though unconscious of it at
the time) was injurious to healthj
even with best donditions.
*While we are talkig, the Wo
man's Trades Union league has an
appeal before the supreme court of
Illnois for the enforeemeint of the
ten hour law passed by' the last leg-.
islature, but set at nought by an in
junction of a pe tty judge in Chic
ago. on-'the plea of the law being un
oonstitutiooaL. The leagae has sev
eral of the best lawyers in the Unt4.
ed Sta,tes fighting, its. battle. Louis'
D. Brandeis (Boston) of national
renown for laibor legislation, hah
given his services free to the women.
His brief is a masterpiece i'n the
great case of the 'Unborn vs. Greed.'
On page 57 of the Brandeis* brief
appears: "A. Mosso, professor of
Physiology, University of Turin;
translated by and W. B.
Drummond, M. B., extra phycieian
Royal Hospital for Sick' Children,
Edinburgh, says: "By constant in
ease in the rate of movement by
instruments ever better adapted to
their ends, modern society endeav
rs -to multiply . and render more
productive the work of muscle and
of mind. The prodigious extension
of the the arts and the increasing
veloity of machinery combine to
hurry us onward. Our haste will
grow from more to more, till it
reaches an ext"-eme point at which1
the law of exhaustion sets' atn insep
arable barrier to the greed of(gain."
Oe very quietly perceives 'howev
er, that these machines are not made
to lessen human fatigue, as poets
want to dlream," etc. "That all our
nventions nave noT nmme. JW
nan fatigue-that mahineery .has
rendered worse the conditions of the
vorker-.instead of shortening the
;orking day it has prolonged it, in
tead of reducing fatigue, it has
rendered it more dangerous. and in
No, those who laugh at this, laugh
it science and the highest legg tal
ent which uses -it, and the Woman's
Trades Union- Leage which uses
both for the proteetion of health and
life, and the unbornm, againt th.
greed of gain. All this and mor
with .better ehance for metal cul
ture, Humanitas had in mind in ad
vocacy of a ten hour law; yet not in
conliet with the good mills of New
(2) The other source of merrimen
was that Mr. Editor pronounced.otl
Mrs. Thomas and Humanit out
order. Nw speaking for the lat0r
.p is to bo eogratua$e en Q piA g
iin ageh go4 eoipany. The forer
also,'fdr he WP tho se=Or PUUM
who #a4d the 11 o rollimg-9
I eiigi-tataled on the rebukee
Yes, for her penetration, and prompt
action with th courage of he 4
It as .true. as Mdtot Aull si
that no stich bill wa befor the eg.
islature; but Mrts. ' ,ceted a daia
ger from afar, and was ii & 0dObi0
to know that some such bill wsit
contemplation and- surely would no
have written suh a letter unad
vise4ly. The mill -operators, everT
one of them, know of every
ur-ageeting their interests osi
beo,e, they reach the Senate or tlh
House. - This one did not get tha
far. Did not 'materialize.
But ,he Editor has since iiformd.
the -writer that there was already
ten-hour law i i
was elastic' enough to permit.the ar
rangement made. at .the.3'berry
cotton nulls. The veiy thini
manitas contended for! Sure, he'd
nake. a good legislator! That!' the
office. he ought to ran for-yes in
deed. Please, Aunt Jerushy sti
up all the dear ladies of the- ;coton
mills to help, and wear re&ribbonIs
with his name on, as Sister -'Thoms
says she's going 'to do.
'But how thlo could there have
ben a ten-hour law in mazipulaw 4~%
tion?' .The answer.4 easy:;A more
drastic one; or possibly, for fa 9ot
8 hour working day. . It would slI '3
be politic for the mills of' friendlyj
workers, to protest strenuously a~
against a' compulsory ten-hour Iaw.
-The 'trnd of labor is now setting'
strongly in favor of an eight hour "
working day; and wherever there is
a State Federation of Labor the d
fort will be,made when and where 4
practicable. Results have been fa
vorable on fair trials. Better worI
and generaly as much; has bee.
gained over longer hours. > -
,Eight hour woring days for the'
miners and sanelterers have been-b
established by ,Iegislation. in nearly'
alflthe States -and Territories of the
metaliferous Rocky Mountain i-egion.
In many places in the Middle West -
and East it\has been effected. by '
agreement between wiills or plants
and the e;n.ployes.'t%
But the child labor "laws in man
States positively forbid the working
>f youth more- than eight hours pers
iay, even up to sixteen years of age.
I'hese laws have all mnet severe op
position,, and carried only on the
strength of scientific r.search and
Eats of experience.
The Drayton Rutheford Chapter
wishes in this public way' to extend
;hanks to Mr. E. H.Aull and Mr. W.
E. Wallaee for space in The Herald
mnd News and the Observer so gener
>uely given; to Mr. Jno. if. Kinard
~or use of store; to the merchants aat
~itizens who aided the Chapter with
he Washuington Tea Party, and last,
)ut not least, to the young ladies and
~entlemen who came in eQstumes of
'ye olden time'' and ad'ded so much
o0 the pleasure and beauty of the oc
In behalf of Chapter,
Mrs. J. A. Burton, Pres.