Newspaper Page Text
E. H. AULL, EDITOR.
Entered at the Postoffice at New
verry, S. C.. as 2nd class matter.
Friday, June 3, 1910.
That was a good address by Dr.
B. Mayer, on civic improvement, pul
lished in the last issue of The He:
ald and News, and everybody in Nev
berry ought to read it, and, havir
read it, Newberry ought to go ahes
and make some "civic improvement
There is room for it here, even
Newberry is- the best town in t1
State-and Newberry is.
In tre recent industrial edition
the Abbeville Press and Banner cu
were printed showing the park in tl
public square, surrounding the Co
federate monument, and the magn
ficent city hall and new court hous
These public buildings have lawi
and flower gardens in front of thei
with cement sidewalks leading
them. Abbeville has made gre
strides in the past few years in bea
tifying the town, and it is improv
ment of the kind which appeals mo
strongly to strangers in her midst.
FRON NEWBERRY TO UNION.
Newberry was glad to welcome t]
delegates from the Union chamber
commerce who were in Newberry
Wednesday in the interest of go<
roads. Whether or not the propo
Asheville highway goes by Union, -
ought to have a good permanent ro
from Newberry to Union, and t]
Union delegation told the Newberi
people that. Union was ready ax
willing and anxious to build her pa
of the road.
The route for the proposed higi
way from Columbia to Newberry h;
already been definitely decided upo
and what Union should do now is1
work for a road from Union to Nes
berry, and if the through-fare fro:
Columbia -via Newberry and Spartal
burg to Asheville does not go throug
tnion, then the Unton road could ta
the highway at Newberry anid go1
Columbia via the Columbia-Newberr:
We can't have too many goc
roads, and the ultimate object of tU
whole agitation is good roads.
We nee a good permanent roa
from Newberry to Union, and. Ti
Herald and News pledges the Unic
chamber of commerce and the peop]
of Union its support in helping to g<
The. gentlemen from Union. wil
were in Newberry on Wednesda
made many friends while here, ai
Newberry will be glad to see thel
The Herald and News wants to sus
gest to the people of Union that the
lay asie any -thought of tryingi
take the highway from Columbia
Asheville up Broad river, and the
they co-operate with the parties wi
pave already definitelyr decided g
bringing the highiway by Newberr:
and if the main through-fare does n14
go from Newberry to Spartanbari
via Union, that we build a road fre
Union to Newberry tapping the mna
through-fare here. That seemed1
be the sentiment of the Union repr<
sentatives of the chamber of cot
merce who were in Newberryc
Wednesday, and it is along this lit
that U"nion should work.
Why have a campaign meeting:
every township in the entiry th
year? There is very lit activi
in county politics, and the peop
know all the candidates who are C
fering or are likely to offer for cou
ty offices. What the people need
do, anyway, is not to listen to
much speech-making or to engage
so much hand-shaking, but to
ahead and elect people to fill their c
flees as if they were selecting somi
body to take charge of their priva
business affairs. That is the spi]
which we need in ou- primaries.
takes business ability Pa run a cou
ti and to run a State, and in ti
county and in the State and in the ni
lion men of character and men of i:
tegrity and ability should be put in
Three or four campaign meetings
will be sufficient.
REMEDY WITH THE PEOPLE.
The bribery scandals in Illinois
constitute the latest chapter in the
graft record. Graft seems to be prev
alent everywhere. The only way to
). stop It is for the people who cast the
- votes to elect the right men to office.
-- A member of a legislature is the rep.
r- resentative of the people who send
tg him to the legislature, and, construc
d tivly, what he does, they do. The E
." people are too lax in choosing people t
if to office.
THE STORY OF THE MAINE.
Shocking Tragedy of Havana Harbor
e The Maine was our first modern
battleship. She was a vessel of 6,682
tons, with a main battery of four 10
inch guns. She was built in 1888 from
e. Eglish plans-for we didn't know
Is much- about battleships then-and
n, she cost in round numbers $2,500,000.
to On February 16, 1898, she was blown
. to bits while lying in the harbor of
at the friendly city of Havana, Cuba.
- From that incident sprang the Span
e- ish war.
st Since theni the wreck has lain, half
in and half out of the blue water of,
Machina, with 68 skeletons of the
brave men who manned her lying in
side her shattered steel hull. Despite
e repeated efforts it was only on Wed
f nesday of this week that congress,
mpassed the bill making possible thel
d The feeling between Spain and the
- United States had been growing more
- and more bitter during 1897. Gomez
e and Maceo, with rag tag rebel "army"
Ld had been harrying the Spanish forces
.d on the island and Capt. Gen. Weyler
ie had put into execution his scheme of
7 reconcentration, whereby the people t
d of the rebellious districts were hud
rt dled into camps under military guard.
Here, according to report, they were,
I scientificaly starved. Meanwhile
Gomez and Maceo were adding to the
Ls suffering by burning all the tobacco t
1, and sugar plantations they could ~
:o r.each-each side was trying to ruin
the other physically and financially-'
the Hearst Journal had rescued Eve- I
n1 lina Cisneros fromn a dungeon keep.
- the Three Friends was busily run
hning in filibuster and ammunition .
p .from Florida, accongressional commit
tee had raade a solemn inspection and!
:o report of conditions on the islg.nd and
~" all America was sizzling with the
growing belief that Spanish rule in
d Cuba was one of tryanny and hideous
ecruelty. "The flag of blood and gold,"
the Journal called the red and yellow '
ensign cver Morro. So did most con-1
dtemporaneous. high school orators.
eEnter the Maine. a
in In 'the midst of this feeling the
e Maine, then lying at the Pensagola t
tyard, was dispatched for a "friendly
visit" to Havana. The order which ~
sent her there has since been most
o0 bitterly criticised. The presence of
7a white fighting ship with the Stars a
d and Stripes over her staifrail was
nbound to rouse violent anger in theFc
Latin-American bosoms, bound to pro
mote jubilation among the revolution- t
ary Cubans, bound to make things r
Imore unpleasant 1for Minister Fitz- t
yhugh Lee and other American citiz- t
oens in Havana. However, the statet
oand navy departments seemed to
ethink. a warship the necessary protec- dj
Ltion for Americans. The Maine went. ~
LO It is related that when the Maine, c
n entering the harbor, ba,rked a salute r
, fi-omtnier little six-pounders at the a
t grim Morro her mnen were all at Cluar
ters behin~d the 10-inch guns in the is
turrets anid the ship was stripped for
a ction. It is also related that there f
n never was a more serious and solemnr
onaval function than When Capt. Sigs
.ibee, in full dress uniform received 3~
the Spanish officers who came over
the starboard gangway. A Spanish ~
cruiser lay nearby, but the blue-jack- ~
eets of the two vessels did not frater
nize. Indeed Capt. Sigsbee allowed
his men no shore liberty.
The Maine came in on January 25.
Havana harbor was filthy beyond be
is lief in those days. To avoid stirring
up the sewage which formed the har
e bor's bottom ships did not anchor;<
~.instead they were assigned by the ~
captain of the port to fixed mooring
Ibuoys. The Maine's first mooring was
o well up toward old La Punta Fort.
o0 Subsequently she was moved down
nopposite the shears of the old Span- j
oish navy yard. Afterward this change
by Spanish authority was regarded as
e- The Tragedy.
e February 16 was a quiet, starlit
it tropical night. Capt. Sigsbee was
It writing in his cabin. Marine Private
William Anthony was the orderly on
duty outside his door. Most of the
te twenty- six officers and practically all'
-the 328 enlisted men were aboard. A
stringed orcestra was jsaying on the
In the present movement for the
radication of tuberculosis from
outh Carolina one important source
f danger has evidently received lit
le consideration-the tubetculous
While some difference of opinion
xists regarding the danger of inter
ransmisibility of tuberculosis, most
avestigators are convinced that it is
iossible for the disease to be trans
aitted from cattle to human beings.
,uropean and American scientists
Lave shown that healthy cattle .con
ract tuberculosis when human tu
oercle bacilli are injected into their
iodies and, as bovine tubercle bacilli
re frequently recovered from the tis
ues of the human body, it seems that
he transmisibility of the disease must
As dairy products form an import
nt part of the diet of practically all
ersons and in some instances the
ntire diet of infants, the tuberculous
airy cow can not be overlooked in a
ight against the white plague.
Unfortunately cattle which are ii
.n apparently healthy condition are
Iften affected with tuberculosis and,
a the diseam pr6gregget slowly, maY
ive for years without causing their
,wners to even suspect the pr esenc
if the disease. In the meantime, how
ver, the cattle may be disseminating
ubercle bacilli, infecting the milk as
;ell as their surroundings.
It was formerly believed that un
ess cattle were affected with tubercu
osis of the udder the milk could be
afely used, but recent investigations
tave shown the fallacy of this belief
)r..Schroeder of the U. S. departmeni
if agriculture has recently showr
hat faeces from apparently healthy
attle contain large numbers of tu
ercle bacilli which have undoubtedly
ound their way from the diseased
ungs to the mouth and throat and
hence to the intestines. In -view of
he fact that milk is almost iriviably
ontaminated with faeces, it now
eems that this is the most. common
hannel by which tubercle bacilli in
Experiments have shown 'that tu
iercle bacilli retain their virulence
ipanish cruiser. Havana was, ablaze
ith lights. From the Calle San Isi
ro, which Lie close to the water front,
oated the sounds .of revel.
At 9.40 there came a terrific explo
ion. The for*vard part of. the Maine,
there was situated the ! forecastle,
saped high out of the wa$er. In
tantly followed another explosion
midships-at least so say some of
de Maine's survivors and several
'ood American citizens who were sit
ing on Machina wl'arf, or what Is
ow the Malecon-thed ship seemed
plit asunder, there was a lurid glare,
howing for an insta.nt the .rending
ulk with bodies flying through the
ir, then darkness.
Sigsbee came charging from his
abin. Here was where Bill Anthony
ron undying fame.. Like Bui,wer Lyt
:'s Roman sentry, who stood at his
ost by the gates of Pompeii, while
he terrified city fled past him ' and
he red glare of Vesuvius sbone on
he brazen helmet and grim face of a
ian who knew only that he was a sol
ier of Rome not yet relieved from
uty, Anthony remained the captain's
rderly. In the blackness . Sigsbee
ushed against him, The deck was a
lew. Anthony saluted.
"I have to report, sir, that the ship
Sblown up and is sinking," he said..
Boats came flying from the shore,
rom the Spanish man o' war and
rom a Ward liner lying close at hand
'or the most part they were too late.
'he sleeping men in the forecast pro
ably never knew what had happened.
'hey were shattered by the explosion
r plunged too quickly"into the murky
Of the officers and men 254 were
:illed outright or went down with
heir ship. Thirteen others died in
he Havana hospitals of their injuries.
'wo of those who went down were
fficers. Coxswain Job Anderson
wam ashore towing two messmates.
Then he got there both were dead. A
ieutenant of marines held up ans en
~ineer officer until a boat reached
hem, then sank, but was pulled to
afety by a Spanish sailor. Capt.
sigsbee stayed on his quarterdeck un
ii the ship settled under him.
In his report to the secretary of
he na.vy, sent on the night of the ex
alosion, Capt. Sigsbee wrote: "Public
>pinion should be suspended until
iirther report." With what restraint
he American people bore themselves
s a matter of history; but the de
~truction of the Maine is fitly describ
d by C.apt. Sigsbee as "the n1tima.tE
IF DAIRY CATTLE
for a much longer time in dairy pro
ducts than in the body discharges
and Dr. Schroeder 'has also proved
that tubercle bacilli may live and re
main virulent in butter for a period of
five months. Bearing in mind that
cream and butter as well as milk may
'contain virulent tubercle bacilli, it is
not difficult to see how bovine tuber
cle bacilli may gain entrance to the
human body. In this connection it
might be well to state that Dr. Rav
enel, a native of South Carolina, was
one of the first to show that tubercle
bacilli can pass through the intestin
al wall without injuring the same and
eventually reach the lungs and other
organs of the body.
Although one of the most common
diseases of dairy cattle, it is practi
cally impossible to diagnose tubercu
losis by a physical examination un
less the animal is in an advanced
stage of the disease. Fortunately,
however, the tuberculin test enables
competent veterinarians to detect the
disease in its early stages. This test,
when properly conducted, enables the
cattle owners to discover tuberculous
cows and remove them from his herd,
thus preventing spread of the disease.
which would otherwise result.
Tuberculin also maks p'assible
the enactment of city and town ordin
ances for protection of public health
by prohibiting the sale of milk from
cattle which are thus shown to be
affected with tuberculosis. (Green
ville and Spartanburg are the only
cities in South Carolina, having such !
At the present time 33 States (in
cluding South Carolina) have laws re
quiring the testing of all dairy and
(breeding cattle and their freedom'
from tuberculosis before they are al
lowed to enter these States. Laws of
this kind, by preventing :the importa
tion of tuberculous dairy cattle, place
the individual States in a position to
begin systematic eradication of the
disease, and as 19 States passed such
laws within the past year, this indi
cates the awakening of the people and1
a great advance in a national cam
paign against the tuberculous dairy
cow. M. Ray Powers,
incident which compelled the .people
of the United States to regard Spain
as an impossible neighbor."
An American court of inquiry
which conducted its deliberations
aboard the lighthouse tender, Can9
grove, while the little crusier Mont
gomery took the .Maine's, place -as
guardship found that the ship was
destroyed by- an explosion outside her'
hull. A Spanish court,found that the
explosion came from inside. It open
Ied that her forward magazine had,
blown up and that the second explo
sion was the waist magazine. In the
state of public mind nobody In Aurer
ica believed the Spanish report.' There
was a cry for war and .war came.
Roosevelt's Rough Riders went up
Kettle Hill with the cry, "Remember
the Maine." So the Texans at the
Brazos, "Remember the Alamo."
Why the Delay.
The .Maine sank in six fathoms of
water. For twelve years she has been
settling in the mud. At any time it
1would have been a comparatively easy
job to raise her, but for some reasoni
the United States government would
never do this-not even to give decent
sepulcher to the bodies inside. Once,,
in 1904, the Cuban government began
Iher removal because she was a men
ace to navigation, but here our navy
department stepped in with the an
nouncement that the wreck was Unit
ed States property, which could not1
be abandoned without act of congress.
For twelve years congress declined'
to pass the act. Now the wreck is to
~be removed. Why the long delay?
IIn Cuba there are people who be- *
lieve that when the rusted plates are
liftd they will be found bent from the,t
insideout, thus tending to show thatt
the explosion did not come from a t
mine or a bomb, but from something
in the ship's interior. But as the maa
on the Malecon says, "Quien sabe?" t
Their Deserts. 2
Prof. Thomas Nixon Carter of Har-'t
yard was talking about Socialism. 1
I"Socialism is no world panacea,"' y
Ihe said, "but in the future it is to be
reconed with. Socialism will, in the 1~
*future, protect the poor against -in- t]
justice and hypocrisy. It will ex
pose fraud. Yes, Socialism, like old n
Higgins Wentworth, will bring out
the truth. ti
"Higigns Wentworth was hoeing
one April iorning when tiiree rough-, n
looking men climbed the fence and
crossed the field. to him. They had h
inst been shipwrecked, they said, on
The population of the
about ninety millions.
more than one person each
is no increase in land are
of population makes high
Several people in Newl
comfortable fortunes frori
estate values in the next f
you be one of the far seeii
this harvest of easy dollar
. It is our business to find
ments for you. . Let us tal
if we haven't just what wi
New South Real
Herald and News Building, Newherry.
Plas she MostDI
With Perfect Tun
A Three Year
CAN. PERATE IT
One of these marvels of
ism is on exhibition in ti
next door to the Post 01
should call and hear the i
of the compositions of th<
Holland Brothers, of Gr
representatives for this in
one will be on hand at
take pleasure in showini
to all. This is a great op
SCOTT BUILDING NE
ebrig Maria. They had lost even 'fH
erclothes. Would Higgins hepfield
iggins Wentworth looked close-""
to the sailors' faces, for he knew
ie ays of men. Then he said: ho
'ou, the bowlegged one, go stand about
ards to the right, and I'll get ye
elp me a miniute, with -the seed
.You, baldy there, you stand 20 snort<
rs to the left, three
he two men complied, and then wrc
gins Wentworth said quietly to Detro
eman who remained:
What did you say your captain's
Williams, Capt. Williams,' was The
"he old farmer sauntered to the: think,
noff on the right. Iprede
What was your captain's name?' mr
"'Erett, dir,' the man ~ansWered. for ti
United States is
Ihe increase is
a. The density
>erry will make
increase of real.
ew years. Will
ig ones to reap
k it over and see
IH appeal to you.
fic. Eeryo c
eenwns odentwr thrsed
all ties nd will
gins Wentworti croaned o
nd gathered. the three me
fine lot of sailors you are,'
d, 'to go to sea in a ship WI
captains! No wonder you w
ed. It served you -right"
t Free Press.
The Way It Seemed.
benedict was in a mou
reminiscent mood. "When
"he said to himself, "of xnf'
cessor, who died and left mne to
-is widow, who drives me to
I feel as if he had stuck me
e drinks."-Smlart Set.