Newspaper Page Text
A Land of "Good People aid Miicli
Bread' Where Patriotism iand
Love of Hone are Strong.
(By T. H. Dreher.)
The triangle formed by the Broad
and Saluda rivers (which converge at
Columbia) and the line dividing Lex
ington and Newberry counties, as the
base. is popularly known as "The
Dutch Fork." The recital of a few
facts bearing upoan this region, of 140
square miles. will. it is believed, prove
interesting to the idie Sunday reader
and reveal a few unique features,
probably unusua-l. in the annals of the
State.- Hedged off, as it was, from the
outside world, for upwards of a cen
tury, without railroad or telephone
lines, and inhabited by a quiet, indus
trious and unobstrusive citizenship,.
little was known or written ab.out it
until recent years.
Like the waters of the Gulf Stream
"the wandering summer of the sea"
it has retained its distinct individual
ity to a degree almost inconceivable, in
an age of shifting scenes and diverse
conditions. Its population is almost,
as peculiarly Germanic, in origin and
tastes, today as it was one hundred
years ago. To philosophize over the
effects of this lack of heterogeneous
racial elements does not fall within
Ithe purview of this letter. There is
hardly a name in this "Fork" which
does not betray its origin, but her peo
ple are proud to trace their ancestral
lineage 'back in a. straight line to the
wooded forests of Germany, along the
beautiful Rhine, where the intrepid.
Arivistus made his bold, daring but
bootless stand, in battle, against the
Roman conqueror, Julius Caesar. They
are of the same Palantinate stock,
whose people were driven from their
peaceful and happy homes by the cruel'
and blood-thirsty Louis XIV, duringI
"The War of the Spanish Succession,"
and- who sought, by the aid of the
good Queen Anne of England, an asy
lum in the New World, where they
could worship their God -according to
.the dictates of their own judgment
- German's Proud History.
The hard experiences of these refu
gees across the' broad . Atlantic, in
search of their new homes, need not,
be recorded here. Many landed in'
Charleston, some of whom *wended.
their way up the State -along the
banks of the Edisto, Congaree, Board*
and Saluda rivers, where they hero
ically felled the forests, amidst almost
nsuperable obstacles and difficulties,
in order. to meet the necessities of a
precarious existence. History has
never been prodigal in giving these.
people their true place in the picture,
but they have made good, just the
same, and added much .to the com
mercial, educational, social and reli
gious development of the Common-'
Let him who is disposed to ignore
and hide-*his. German, parentage, re
member th 's branch of the great
- - y played a mighty part
axa of the world's history,
sr the fall of the Roman Em
..~largely shaped the destiny of
m dern European civilization. Let
him 'remember thg.t Gutenberg, a Ger
man, and Koster, a Hollander, preced-'
ed Caxton, pf England, with printing
by 36 years; that, a German . monk,
Berthold Schwartz, invented gun
powder, and that John Reuchlen, a'
German, and Desiderius Erasmus, a
Hollander,' were most instrumental in
introducing the study of Greek into
Such is the blood which fiows in the
veins of practically every man, wo
man and child in "Thie Dutch Fork of.
Lexington county," and they are'
proud to claim it. The same patriotic
love and devotion for home and its
traditions which characterized their
ancestors when ruthlessly driven
from their firesides, is still a ruling
characteristic of their progenitors..
Thus it was that, when a movement
was set on foot to connect "The Dutch'
Fork" with Richland county last year,
the sentiment of its people was so
pronounced against in that the matter'
Swas never put to a vote.
A White Nan's Country.
The old "Dutch Fork" is pre-emin
ently a white man's country. The ne
gro is a negligible quality-num'eri-.
cally and otherwise. With barely:
more than a third of its territory, and
no town of any consequence, its white
voting strength exceeds the whole of'
Calhoun county, and has a white rural'
population of about 8,000.
A farm 'exceeding six, and less than.
two, ploughis, is a rarity. The tradi
tional agricultural ox is unknown.
A strong soil, but iAugh and some-'
what difficult of cultivation, requires
close application and economical ma
agement for. success. Nobody is'
wealthy, but paupers are practically'
unknown. The whites do most of their
work, and the notion-fals to the
core-that manual labor is undigni
fed, finds no countenance there. The
observant traveller no'tes the fact that
pretty white girls, with gloves on
their hands and the glow of health on.
thei chs, are frequently seen hoe
r'irunrally we'll sutppi'd :2'1
W,-st-ern smoke houses furnish litie
meat for the sturdy yoemanry of that
The Fork Ravaged by Sherman.
No eagle ever swooped down' upon
his prey with a hungrier determina
tion to devour and destroy, than did
Sherman when he cast his eyes upon
the flesh pots of the "Dutch Fork."
There was not a Yankee or Northern
sympathizer within those confines
during the civil war, and this fact,
doubtless. whetted his appetite and
intensified the venom of this inhu
man military monster. The cruel and
beastly ravages upon that quiet and
industrious people still rest heavily
upon their memories and make the
name of Sherman a hiss and a by
word in the land. With their property
ruthlessly torn from them and de
stroyed they were left almost pen
niless, but with their accustomed en
ergy and economy everybody went to
work with renewed fortitude to re
place their fortunes, and that spirit,
with a few exceptions, still pervades
The foreclosure of a real estate
mortgage is a rarity, and the white
man who signs a lien on his crop for
dvances is not only without stand
[ng, agriculturally and financially, but
gocially, as well.
Chapman, in his "Annals of New
Derry," says that the early Dutch For
kers had'no doctors, nOr did they need
any. They are still scarce and their
weep extends over mile limits in or
er to secure a* comfortable stipend.
rhey practice mainly on horsaback,
with the ancient saddle-bags, and:
and well up in the profession. They
are all graduates of the Charleston
fdica! college-one being a first
lonor man in that time-honored insti
tution. Their pay is good, but thr
lees are small.
There is not an automobile in "The
Dntch Foik" and roads, rocks and
tills prec?ude the possibility ,f utili7
s the conveniences of ti, inodornr
Vw(Mod People and Much Brxc.
Curious wayfarers are still impress
ed with the sight of the old "Dutch
vens" in many a back yard where the
inest mixed bread and biscuits in the
world are made. In these huge ov
ans, built upon a solid foundation of
brick and mortar, about four feet
above the ground, iarge lightwood
ires are built until the interior is
thoroughly heated. The coals, ashes
and remaining chunks are then drawn
ut and the huge loaves of bread
:ough snugly ensconced in baking
pans, are inserted. The biscuits,
arge and oval, are frequently placed
[n clean oak leaves, which' are said to
impart a delicious- flavor. The 'front
door is then closed and the necessary
heat is regulated by an aperture in the,
back of the oven. No mariner is bet
ter posted upon the signs and signals
of approaching storms upon tha tem
pestuous waves than are these good
Dutch wives, upon 'the progress the
bread and biscuits are making, and
the required -heat nvaded. They are
.ustly noted as.the best cooks in the
zountry. Dr. Bernheim, in his excel
ent book on "German Settlements,"
says that the Indians spoke of one
place as "The Dutch Fork, where
there are good people and much
bread." Shut off from the outside
world unitil 1890, when the* first pas
senger train -of the- Columbia, New
erry and Laurens railroad passed
through, this country is now being
most rapidly developed. The bonds~
for this railroad were floated upon
three townships of "The Dutch Fork"
to secure their portion of the money.
Justly, or unjustly, there was a suspi
ion that these bonds were unfairly
saddled upon the people and the ex
tra 7-mill tax levy, as a result of
tiese bonds, has been a thorn in the
sides of those people. They were bit
terly fought in the courts and knocked
out, but the legislature, with the all
powerful "Validating Act," rivet:ed
them again upon the public.
The Dutch Forkers are a debt-pay-.
ing and a tax-hating people. Squirm
in~ undar this railroad 7-mill burden,
2 effect has ramified in varied di
rections. It has figured in the defeat
of additional levies for school pur
poses. It largely influenced these
free, liberty-loving and sturdy Ger
mans to cast a three to one ballot
against prohibition during the recent
What the schools have lacked in fa
cilities and modern conveniences by
this stalking horse of increased taxa
tion has been largely counterbalanced
by Dutch grit, industry and economy.
From the loins of this territory, and
from the humble school houses tucked
away in the bushes, frequently have
gone forth many youths who have ac
qaitted themselves handsomely in
college and reflected credit upon their
old homes. A congressman, two con
suls to foreign courts, leading educa
tors, prominent professional and
business men over the country are all
proud, like McGregor, of their native
noaminationally, the followers of
xcaltia. in nce and numbers. Save
thf Methodists, there is no other
Christian church in those domains
There is said to be not a single ropre
sentative of the Episcopal, Presbyte
rian, Unitarian, Catholic or Seceder I
church throughout "The Dutch Fork." I
Some years ago a Lutheran carried hisb
family into the Methodist church, and
from thence he joined the Baptist min
istry, but could not induce his kin
dred bayo.nd the Methodist lines. He
is the only Baptist, so far as knowil,
but there may be others.
Her thirteen Lutheran churches,
now working harmoniously and suc
cessfully under a common banner did
not attain this enviable station with
out severe trials and ordeals. During
the last half of the eighteenth century,
when the early Lutheran settlers of
this region were, for long intervais,
without shepherds to lead the lost
sheep of Isreal along the straight iud
narrow path, there sprang up a pecu-,
liar heretical sect known as the "Web-,.
erites." They operated mainly in se- 5
cret conclaves- near Kenerly's (now E
Lorick's Ferry,) Saluda river, over
which Emily Geiger passed when on
her dangerous and patriotic journey. I
bearing a message of vast import-nce
from Gen. Greene, in Newberry to Gen.
Sumter, on the Wateree river.
According to Dr. Hazelius, in his,
great book, "The American Lutheran
Church," the leader of this sect, Jacob
Weber, had a pal by the name of Pet- j
Weber styled himself "the 'God."
while Schmidt was the "Christ." Web
er's wife was "the Virgin Mary," and
a miserable wretch whose name is not'
given was doomed to act as "his Sa
tanic majesty." "The latter was plac
ed in a bed, covered with pillows, on
which some seated themselves, while
others stamped with their feet on the
bed until life became extinct." These
misguided creatures were arrested,
carried to Charleston and tried. Web
er was -axecuted on the gallows,
What became of the others has never
been known, as neither they nor any
of their kindred, have ever again set
foot on the soil of Lexington county. I
The Schism of 1819.' E
As an anti-climax to this episode,
was the great schism in the Lutheran E
church in 1819, which severed that
great denomination in twain and rock
ed it to its very foundations. The
theological thunders of the leading
giants soon reverberated- over the
ills and dales of the old Dutch Fork,
afid there were fiery lieutenants there*
to espouse 'the cause of either side.
But, like two estranged brothers, who
have shaken the glad hand over the
chasm of unfertunate differences, so
these two great branches .of the Luth
eran church buried their disputes in
manly, ministerial style and are now
carrying out their divine mission in a
more sincere, brotherly and Christian
spirit than before.
-They meet in a united Synod, and 9
ministers are called indiscriminately
to whatever fields need their minis
The news writers have not yeti
learned that the expression, "A rich
farmer," his become just as redund
ant as "An old veteran."-St. Louis
FOR YOUR HAIR .
Here Are Facts We Want Tou to Prove
at Our Risk.
Marvelous as it may seem, Rexall
"93" Hair Tonic has grown hair on
heads that were once bald. Of course
it is understod that in none of these
cases were the hair roots dead nor had*
the scalp taken on a glazed, shiny ap- r
When the roots of the hair are e- 1
tirely dead and the pores of the scalp t
are glazed over, we do not believe that ]
anything can restore hair growth. -1
When Rexall "93" Hair Tonic will
do as above stated, it is not strange:a
that we have such great faith in it and t
that we claim it will prevent baldness 1
when used in time. It acts scientifi
cally, destroying the germs which are
usually responsible for baldness. It
penetrates to the~ roots of the hair, sti
mulating and nourishing them. It is
a most pleasant toilet necessity, is
delicately perfumed and will not gum
nor permanently stain the hair.
We want you to get a bottle of Rex
all "93"4Hair Tonic and use it as di
rected. If it does not relieve scalp
irritation, remove dandruff, prevent
the hair from falling out and promote
an increased growth of hair and in
every way give entire satisfaction,
simply come back and tell us and
without question or formality we .will -
hand back to you every penny you~
w.id us for it.
We lend our endorsement to Rexall
"93" Hair Tonic and sell it on this<
guarantee, because we believe it is the
best hair tonic ever discovered. It 1
comes in two sizes, prices 50 cents ,
and $1.00. Remember you caa obtain
it only at our store, Th-e Rexall Store.
Gilder & Wees, Newberry, S. C.t
CHURCH DIRECTOR. A
* * * * * * * * * * *
Lutheran Church of the Redeemer,
Zev. Edw. Fulenwider, pastor
'reaching every Sunday at 11 a. M.
sunday school at 5 p. m. J. B. Hunter,
St. Luke's Episcopal Church, J. F.
Caldwell, lay reader-Lay reading
very Sunday at 11 a. m. Sunday
chool at 10 o'clock. J. F. J. Caldwell.
Associate Reformed Presbyterian
.hurch (with6ut a pastor). Pulpit sup
died at stated time.s. Sunday school
.t 9.45 a. m. E. C. Jones, superintend
Aveleigh Presbyterian Church, Rev.
E. James, pastor-Preaching every
unday at 11 a. m. Sunday school at
p. m. Rev. J. E. James, ruperintend
Mayer Memorial Lutheran Church,
tev. J. D. Shealy, pastor.-Preach
ag every first, second and thrird Sun
ay at 11 a. m., and every first, third
,nd fourth Sunday at 8 p. m. Sunday
chool every Sunday morning at 10
'clock. J. D. Kinard, superintendent.
Preaching at Mollohon every second
unday night at 8 o'clock and every
urth Sunday morning at 11.
First Baptist" Church of Newberry,
tev.'G. A. Wright, pastor-Preaching
very Sunday at 11 a. m. Sunday
chool at 5 p. m. W. H. Hunt, super
West End Baptist church, Rev. J. R.
reene, pastor-Preaching every Sun
ay night at 8 o'cfock and every
)unday morning at 11 o'clock. Sun
Lay school every Sunday at 10 a. M.
. Y. Jones, superintendent.
Central Methodist Church, Rev. M. I
2. Banks, .pastor-Preaching every (
unday at 11 a. m. Sunday school at
p. m. Jas. F. Epting, superintend
O'Neall Street Methodist Church,
rev. W. C. Kelley, pastor-Preaching1
very firs+, second and fourth Sundlay
t 11 a. in., and every second, third andi
ourth Sunday at 8 p. m. Sunday i
chool 9.45. W. C. Bouknight, su.per
Preaching at Mollohon every first
sunday night at 8 o'clock and every
hird Sunday morning at 11. ~Sunday (
choocl at 9.45. F. H. Jones, superin-j
Beth Eden Pastorate.
Service at Colony on second and
ourth Sundays 'at 11 a. in. Sunday
~chol at 10 a. mn. T. J. Wicker, super-;
ntendent. Beth Eden, first Sunday'
Sa. mn., and third Sunday at 4 p. in.:
sunday school on first Sunday 10 a.
n., third Sunday 3 p. m. J. C. Craps,
superintendent. St. James on-~ third
sunday at 1,0.30 a. mn.. and first Sun- I
lay 4 p. mn. Sunday school every
sunday afternoon. Sidney J. Mayer,
Jas. D. Kinard, pastor.
Saved at Death's Door.
Thle door of death seemed ready to
~pen for' Murray W. Ayers, of Tran
it Bridge, N. Y., when his life was
conderfully saved. "I was in a
treadful condition," he writes, "my
kin was almost yellow; -eyes sunk-'
m; tongue coated; emaciated from
osing 40 pounds, growing weaker
aily. Virulent 'liver trouble pulling
ne down to death in spite of doc
ors. Then that matchless medicine
~lectric Bitters-cured me. I re
ained the 40 pounds lost and now
mi well and strong." For all stom
Ch, liver and kidn-ey troubles
hey're supreme. 50c. at W. E. Pel-'
am & Son's.
There will be a meeting of the pat
ons of Johnstone school at the
chool house Friday, July 8, at 9'
clock a. in. for the purpose of elect
ng a teacher for another year. All
pplications should be sent to either
f the undersigned. An experienced }
nd first class teacher is desired. Sal- Ii
.ry will be reasonable for a good I
J. B. Halfacre,
* D. Q. Wilson,
-24-td Trustees. I
When the stomach fails to perform
ts functions, th~e bowels become de
-anged, the liver and the kidneys
:ongested causing numerous dis
ases. The stomach and liver must C
e restored to a h-ealthy conditiond
and Chamberlain's Stomach and Liv-' t
m Tablets can be depedned upon to o
o it. Easy to take and most effec
ive. old by W E. Plhamn & Son.
"icIf it wasn't so far,
-so busy people a,
Distant friends become
neighbors if you drive a n
no country road is long
sooner do you grasp the -%
motor purring than you s
-the car starts beneatl
away-to work or to pasi
exhilarated, you hastei
With offset crank-shaft,
big wheels and tires, lonf
Wheel and aluminum fi
Rambler is in many resp<
rH EXC HAI
Condeilsed-from Report t
oans and discounts $20ro4.72
.rniture and fixturds 0*800.00
msh on hand in Banks 16,305-08
AnacoutWith offse crankat
npounded anar amnum
Or mble y-mbie
TheDaiy ad S ny berrnt C
FilE bohmieXoCou addes]o
TC tata $50,000.00 rpreen
C."Itgiensaled nw from all
ons ofen dsounteas $20s spec72i
itrnetre gind fitrema oortu
Mail allcountr with thionkrc
rins-forective. We pa.
Sopundy January and0.
. I15 Lo PARRil...,.:1 .m
Th 11afor GrendilSe..ay Atla48 p.C
C.,w bot m ailedt woraddes f
o.e Atlanta Combitutio re8.4esen
In5 ofeour readilers ..12.5 special
ha Deso arun igteon nday.
ahis ie. atablretl shoultmed
Mich at rdes mayh meyirect to1
te shwn issub,iet tochang witb
G. L Robnson
I'd like to go
re wont to say
your next door
ew Rambler. Then
enough. - For no
vheel and sense the
hake off all dulness
iyou and you are
time-it differs not
i on your way.
-ont floor, the new
cts superior to any
$1,800 to $,0 -
i4GE BAN K
fry, S. C.
D State Bank Examiner
'apital paid in $50,006.00
3urplis (earned) 154.IO
Dividend, unpaid 45-oo
'ashier-s Checks 77-45
3ills payable So,000.0
may enable you to start in
uly -in Savings Depairtment.
onstitutio~n and The Herald and
r one year for $6.5c
:s the "Best in Southern Journal- -.
over the world.
rate fof the tw'o papers. we feel
ity to obtain the best in the News
:o our office.
VHEN YOU ARE READY TO
on't overlo >k the fact that The
ewber ry Lumber Co.,1lumber deal
rs, have facilities for furnishing
11 kinds of building material that
re unsur.passed. that.they can give
rery close figures on all contracts,
.nd that the stock 'is always kept
p, insuring prompt deliveries and
to delays and disappointments.
NEWBEBHY L.UMBER CO,
COLLEGE OF C1TARLESTON.
12th Year Begins September 80.
Entrance examinations will be held
t f.he county court house on Friday,
luly 1, at 9 a. m. All candidates for
dmisson can compete In September
or vacant Boyce scholarships, whichk
)ay $100 a year. One free tuition
~cholarshp to each county of South
arolna. Board and furnished room
n dormitory, $12. 'Tuition $40. For
- Harrison Randolph,
.Making Life Safer
verywhere life is being made more
afe through the work of Dr. King's
Cew Life Pills in constipation, -bil
iousness, dyspepsia, indigestion, liv
r troublas, kidney diseases and bow
1 disorders. They're easy, but sure,
ud perfectly build up the health.
:5c at W E. ePiam & Son's. -