Newspaper Page Text
Bread"' Where Patriotism and
Love of Honie are Strong.
(By T. H. Dreher.)
The triangle formed by the Broad
and Saluda rivers (which converge at
Columbia) and the line dividing Lex
ington and Newberry counties, as the
base. is popularly known as "The
Dutch Fork." The recital of a few
facts bearing upon this region. of 140
square miles, will, it is believed, prove
interesting to the idie Sunday reader
and reveal a few unique features,
probably unusual, in the annals of the
State.. Hedged off, as it was, from the
outside world, for upwards of a cen
tury, without railroad or telephone
lines, and inhabited by a quiet, indus
trious and unobstrusive citizenship,
little was known or written ab.out it
until recent years.
Like the waters of the Gulf Stream
"the wandering summer of the sea"
it has retained its distinct individual
ity t% a degree almost inconceivable, in
an age of shifting scenes and diverse:
conditions. Its population is almost,
as peculiarly Germanic, in origin and
tastes, today as it was one hundred
years ago. To philosophize over the
effects of this lack of heterogeneous
racial elements does not fall within
the purview of this letter. There is
hardly a name in this "Fork" which
4does not betray its origin, but her peo
ple are proud to trace th-eir ancestral
lineage 'back in a. straight line to the
wooded forests of Germany, along the
beautiful Rhine, where the intrepid
Arivistus made his bold, daring but
bootless stand, in battle, against the
Roman conqueror, Julius Caesar. They
are of the same Palantinate stock,
whose people were driven from their
peaceful and *happy homes by the cruel
and blood-thirsty Louis XIV, during'
"The War of the Spanish Succession,"
and who sought, by the aid of the
good Queen Anne of England, an asy
lum in the New World, where they
could worship their God 'according to
.the dictates of their own judgment
- Germanws Proud History.
The hard experiences of these refu
gees across the broad Atlantic, in,
search of their new. homes, need not;
be recorded here. Many landed in
Charleston, some of whom 'wended
their way up the State - along the
banks of the Edisto, Congaree, Board'
and Saluda rivers, where they hero
ically felled -the forests, amidst almost
inso'perable obstacles and difficulties,.
in order . to meet the necessities of a
Lprecarious existence. History has
never been prodigal in giving these
.people their true place in the picture,
but they have made good, just the
same, and added much to the com
mercial, educational, social and reli
gious development of the Common
Let him who is disposed to ignore'
and hide'.his German, parentage, re
member that this branch of the great
'itonic family played a mighty part,
the drama of the world's history,
d after the. fal of the Romant Em
ire largely shaped the destiny of
modern European civilization. Let
him 'remember thgt Gutenberg, a Ger-'
man, and Koster, a Hollander, preced
ed Caxton, pf England, with printing
by 36 years; that, a German . monk,
Berthold Schwartz, invented gun
powder, and that John Reuchlen, a
German, and Desiderius Erasmus, a
Hollander,' were most instrumental in
introducing the study of Greek into
Such is the blood which flows in the
veins of practically every man, wo
man and child in "Thie Dutch Fork of.
Lexington county," and they are
proud to claim it. The same patriotic
love and devotion for home and its
traditions which characterized their
ancestors when ruthlessly driven
from their firesides, is still a ruling
characteristic of their progenitors.
Thus it was that, when a movement
was set on foot to connect "The Dutch
Fork" with- Richland county last year,
the sentiment of its people was so
pronounced against in that the matter
was never put to a vote.
A White Man's Country.
-The old "Dutch Fork" is pre-emin
ently a white man's country. The ne
gro is a negligible quality-num'eri
cally and otherwise. With barely
more than a third of its territory, and
no town of any consequence, its white
voting strength exceeds the whole of
Calhoun county, and has a white rura.l
population of about 8,000.
A farm exceeding six, and less than
two, ploughs, is a rarity. The tradi
tional agricultural ox is unknown.
A strong soil, but iEugh and some
what difficult of cultivation, requires
close application and economical man
agement for. success. Nobody is
wealthy, but paupers are practically
unknown. The whites do most of their
work, and the notion-false to the
core-that manual labor is undigni
fied, finds no countenance there. The
observant traveller notes the fact that
pretty white girls, with gloves on
their hands and the glow of health on
thei cheeks, are frequently seen hoe
W,st-rn smoke houses furnish littic
meat for the sturdy yoemanry of that
The Fork Ravaged by Sherman.
No eagle ever swooped down' upon
his prey with a hungrier determina
tion to devour and destroy, than did
Sherman when he cast his eyes upon
the flesh pots of the "Dutch Fork."
There was not a Yankee or Northern
sympathizer within those confines
during the civil war. and this fact,
doubtless. whetted his appetite and
intensified the venom of this inhu
man military monster. The cruel and
beastly ravages upon that quiet and
industrious people still rest heavily
upon their memories and make the
name of Sherman a hiss and a by
word in the land. With their property
ruthlessly torn from them and de
stroyed they were left almost pen
niless, but with their accustomed en
ergy and economy everybody went to
work with renewed fortitude to re
place their fortunes, and that spirit,
with a few exceptions, still pervades
The foreclosure of a real estate
mortgage is a rarity, and the white
man who signs a lien on his crop for
advances is not only without stand
ing, agriculturally and financially, but
socially, as well.
Chapman, in his "Annals of New
berry," says that the early Dutch For
kers had no doctors, nbr did they need
any. They are still scarce and their
sweep extends over mile limits in or
der to secure a* comfortable stipend.
They practice mainly on horseback,
Wih the ancient saddle-bags, and
stand well up in the profession. They
are all graduates of the Charleston
Medical college-one being a first
honor man in that time-honored insti
tution. Their pay is good, but th
fees are snall.
There is not an automobile in "The
Dutci Fork" and roads, rocks and
hills prec!ude the possibility ,f uti!i
the conveniences of tati modorn
Wo reople and Much Brcec.
Curious wayfarers are still impress
ed with the sight of the old "Dutch
ovens" in many a back yard where the
finest mixed bread and biscuits in the
world are made. In these huge ov
ens, built upon a solid foundation of
brick and mortar, about four feet
above the ground, large lightwood
fires are built until the interior is
thoroughly heated. The coals, ashes
and remaining chunks are then drawn
out and the huge loaves of bread
dough snugly ensconced in baking
pans, are inserted. The biscuits,
large and oval, are frequently placed
in clean oak leaves, which' are said to
impart a delicious flavor. The front
door is then closed and the necessary
heat is regulated by an aperi;ure in the
back of the oven. No mariner is bet
ter posted upon the signs and signals
of approaching storms upon the tem
pestuous waves than are these good
Dutch wives, upon the progress the
bread and biscuits are making, and
the required heat 19eaded. They are
justly noted as the best cooks in the
country. Dr. Bernheim, in his excel
lent book on "German Settlements,"
says that the Indians spoke of one
place as "The Dutch Fork, where
there are good people and much
bread." Shut off from the outside
world until 1890, when the* first pas
senger train -of the.- Columbia, New
berry and Laurens railroad passed
through, this country is no0w being
most rapidly developed. The bonds
for this railroad were floated upon
three townships of "The Dutch Fork"
to secure their portion of the money.
Justly, or unjustly, there was a suspi
cion that these bonds were unfairly
saddled upon the people and the ex
tra 7-mill tax levy, as a result of
tese bonds, has been. a thorn in the
sides of those people. They were bit
terly fought in the courts and knocked
out, but the legislature, with the all
powerful "Validating Act," rivet-ad
them again upon the public.
The Dutch Forkers are a debt-pay
ing and a tax-hating people. Squirm
ing under this railroad 7-mill burden,
its effect has ramified in varied di
rections. It has figured in the defeat
of additional levies for school pur
poses. It largely influenced these
free, liberty-loving and sturdy Ger
mans to cast a three to one ballot
against prohibition during the recent
What the schools have lacked in fa
cilities and modern conveniences by
this stalking horse of increased taxa
tion has been largely counterbalanced
by Dutch grit, industry and economy.
From the loins of this territory, and
Ifrom the humble school houses tucked
away in the bushes, frequently have
gone forth many youths who have ac
cqitted themselves handsomely in
college and reflected credit upon their
old homes. A congressman, two con
suls to foreign courts, leading educa
tors, prominent professional and
business men over the country are all
proud, like McGregor. of their nativ~
noinaionall,them followers of
;ealtn. ml:n d an lwum)rs. Save
tht- Methodists, thl-re is no other
Christian church in those domains
There is said to be not a single ropre
sentative of the Episcopal, Presbyte
rian, Unitarian, Catholic or Secedar
church throughout "The Dutch Fork."
Some years ago a Lutheran carried his
family into the Methodist church, and
from thence he joined the Baptist min
is.ry, but could not induce his kin
dred bayqnd the Methodist lines. He
is the only Baptist, so far as known,
but there may be others.
Her thirteen Lutheran churches,
now working harmoniously and suc
cessfully under a common banner did
not attain this enviable station with
out severe trials and ordeals. During
the last half of the eighteenth century,
when the early Lutheran settlers of
this region were, for long intervals,
without shepherds to lead the lost
sheep of Isreal along the straight and
narrow path, there sprang up a pecu-!
liar heretical sect known as the "Web
erites." They operated mainly in se
cret conclaves- near Kenerly's (now
Lorick's Ferry,) Saluda river, over
which Emily Geiger passed when on
her dangerous and patriotic journey,
bearing a message of vast import-nce
from Gen. Greene, in Newberry to Gen.!
Sumter, on the Wateree river.
According to Dr. Hazelius, in fiis
great book, "The American Lutheran
Church," the leader of this sect, Jacob
Weber, had a pal by the name of Pet
Weber styled himself "the God."
while Schmidt was the "Christ." Web
er's wife was "the Virgin Mary," and;
a miserable wretch whose name is not:
given was doomed to act as "his Sa
tanic majesty." "The latter was plac
ed in a bed, covered with pillows, on
which some seated themselves, while
others stamped with their feet on the
bed until life became extinct." These
misguided creatures were arrested,
carried to Charleston and tried. Web
er was -executed on the gallows,
What became of the others has never
been known, as neither they nor any
of their kindred, have ever again set
foot on the soil of Lexington county.
The Schism of 1819.
As an anti-climax to this episode,
was the great schism in the Lutherani
church in 1819, which severed that
great denomination in twain and rock-;
ed it to its very foundations. The
theological thunders of the leading:
giants soon reverberated' over the.
hills and dales of the old Dutch Fork,
aifd there were fiery lieutenants there
to espouse the cause of either side.:
But, like two estranged brothers, who
have shaken the glad hand over the
chasm of unfertunate differences, so
these two great branchas of the Luth
eran church buried their disputes in
manly, ministerial style and are now
carrying out their divine mission in a
more sincere, brotherly and Christian
spirit than before.
They meet in a united Synod, and
ministers are called indiscriminately
to whatever fields need their minis
The news writers have not yet
learned that the expression, "A rich
farmer," has become just as redund
ant as "An old ,veteran."-St. Louis
FOR TOUR HAIR .
Here Are Facts We Want You to Prove
at Our Risk.
Marvelous as it may seem, Rexall
"93" Hair Tonic has grown hair on
heads that were once bald. Of course
it is understod that in none of these
cases were the hair roots dead nor had
the scalp taken on a glazed, shiny ap-;
When the roots of the hair are -an
tirely dead and the pores of the scalp
are glazed over, we do not believe that
anything can restore hair growth.
When Rexall "93" Hair Tonic will'
do as above stated, it is r.ot strange,
that we have such great faith in it and
that we claim it will prevent baldness
Iwhen used in time. It acts scientifi-!
cally, destroying the germs which are
usually responsible for baldness. It
penetrates to the~ roots of the hair, sti
mulating and nourishing them. It is
a most pleasant toilet necessity, is
delicately perfumed and will not gumn
nor permanently stain the hair.
We want you to get a bottle of Rex
all "93"..Iair Tonic and use it as di
rected. If it does not relieve scalp
irritation, remove dandruff, prevent
the hair from falling out and promote
an increased growth of hair and in
every way give entire satisfaction,
simply come back and tell us and
without question or formality we .will
hand back to you every penny youi
'.id us ior it.
We lend our endorsement to Rexall,
"3" Hair Tonic and sell it on this
guarantee, because we believe it is the
best hair tonic ever discovered. It
comes in two sizes, prices 50 cents
and $1.00. Remember you ca2 obtain
it only at our store, The Rexall Store.
* * * * * * * * * * * *
Lutheran Church of the Redeemer,
Rev. Edw. Fulenwider, pastor
Preaching every Sunday at 11 a. m.
Sunday school at 5 p. m. J. B. Hunter,
St. Luke's Episcopal Church, J. F.
J. Caldwell, lay reader-Lay reading
every Sunday at 11 a. m. Sunday
school at 10 o'clock. J. F. J. Caldwell.
Associate Reformed Presbyterian,
Church (withdut a pastor). Pulpit sup
plied at stated time.s. Sunday school
at 9.45 a. m. E. C. Jones, superintend
Aveleigh Presbyterian Church, Rev.
J. E. James, pastor-Preaching every
Sunday at 11 a. m. Sunday school at
5 p. m. Rev. J. E. James, cuperintend
Mayer Memorial Lutheran Church,
Rev. J. D. Shealy, pastor.-Preach
ing every first. second and thrird Sun
day at 11 a. m., and every first, third
and fourth Sunday at 8 p. m. Sunday
school e.very Sunday morning at 10
o'clock. J. D. Kinard, superintendent
Preaching at Mollohon every second
Sunday night at 8 o'clock and every
fourth Sunday morning at 11.
First Baptisf Church of Newberry,
Rev.'G. A. Wright, pastor-Preaching
every Sunday at 11 a. m. Sunday
school at 5 p. m. W. H. Hunt, super
West End Baptist church, Rev. J. R.
Greene, pastor-Preaching every Sun
day night at 8 o'cfock and every
Sunday morning at 11 o'clock. Sun
day school every Sunday at 10 a. M.
S. Y. Jones, superintendent.
Central Methodist Church, Rev. M.
L. Banks, pastor-Preaching every
Sunday at 11 a. m. Sunday school at
5 p. m. Jas. F. Epting, superintend
O'Neall Street -Methodist Church,
Rev. W. C. Kelley, pastor-Preaching
every first, second and fourth Sun'day
at 11 a. mn., and every second, third and
fourth Sunday at 8 p. in. Sunday
school 9.45. W. C. Bouknight, su.per
Preaching at Mollohon every first
Sunday night at 8 o'clock and every
third Sunday morning at 11. -Sunday
school at 9.45. F. H. Jones, sprn
Beth Eden Pastorate.
Service at Colony on second .and
fourth Sundays 'at 11 a. m. Sunday
schol at 10 a. m. T. J. Wicker, super
intendent. Beth Eden, first Sunday
1! a. in., and third Sunday at 4 p. m
Sunday school on first Sunday 10 a.
i., third Sunday 3 p. ni. J. C. Craps,
superintendent. St. James on-- third
Sunday at 10.30 a. m.., and first Sun
day 4 p. m. Sunday school every
Sunday afternoon. Sidney 3. Mayer,
Jas. D. Kinard, pastor.
Saved at Death's Door.
Tie door of death seemed ready to
open for- Murray W. Ayers, of Tran
sit Bridge, N. Y., when his life was
wonderfully saved. "I was in a
dreadful condition," he writes, "my
skin was almost yellow; 'ayes sunk
en; tongue coated; emaciated from
losing 40 pounds, growing weaker
daily. Virulent liver trouble pulling
me down to death in spite of doc
tors. Then that matchless medicine
Electric Bitters-cured me. I re
gained the 40 pounds lost and now
am well and strong." For all stom
ach, liver and kidney troubles
they're supreme. 50c. at W. E. Pel
ham & Son's.
There will be a meeting of the pat
rons of Johnstone school at the
school house Friday, July 8, at 9
o'clock a. in. for the purpose of elect
ing a teacher for another year. All
applications should be sent to either
of the undersigned. An experienced
and first class teacher is desired. Sal
ary will be reasonable for a good
J. B. Halfacre,
.D. Q. Wilson,
When the stomach fails to perform
its functions, thre bowels become de
ranged, the liver and the kidneys
congested causing numerous dis
eases. The stomach and liver must
be restored to a healthy condition
and Chamberlain's Stomach and Liv
er Tablets can be depedned upon to
do it. Easy to take and most effec
"If it wasn't so far,
-so busy people a
Distant friends becomo
neighbors if you drive a i
no country road is lonj
sooner do you grasp the
motor purring than you,
- the car starts beneat
away-to work or to pa.
-exhilarated, you hast
With offset crank-shaft,
big wheels and tires, Ion
Wheel and aluminum I
Rambler is in many resp
E EXC HA
Condecised from Report i
moans and disounts $2r t4.7 2
urniture And fixturds 3,8b.ne
Wash on hand in Banks 16,305-08
Or mbruoon e
The Dily nd S newbeAlant (
ews bth iniledto yor wad resyf
FurnItes a fieturs 3,800.00
ianw acren ivth tiBankpot
buses fied rt yoricealf. should
Cmpalonders witany adc
i." 5 give arevlle..e ..w .8:51 al
that wor areenivigltem. .2.4 op.rt
paper fiedrt pricembia.. ...8.5 should
Mail all fordr Coumia.. ..8.47 direct
. 2 orGr envle. ..1256a.ld
c. 53 or Co"mbia....8.2 p.Am.
pArtroma this stpation, but thgeir
eprua is nguarayee and 1910
ot1 forice. nil. .85am
C., . ~. .Rbiwy,
I'd like to go"
re wont to say
your next door
iew Rambler. Then
, enough. - For no
wheel and sense the
hake off all dulness
h you and you are
time-it differs not
In on your way.
g wheel-base, Spare
ront floor, the new
ects superior to any
$1,800 to $2,600
Wry, S. C.
-o State Bank Exminer
Capital paid in $5,00 -00
Surplns (earned) 1 154-10
Dividends, unpaid 45.0 0
Cashier-'s Checks 77-45
Bills payable - 50,000.00
may enable you to start in
luly in Savings Depairtment.
M. L SPE~ARMAN,
:onstitution and The Herald and
>r one year for $6-50
tts the ''Best in Southern Journal
over the svorld.
rate fo thie t'no papers, we feel
aity to obtain the best in the News
to our office.
WHEN YOU ARE READY TO
don't overlo rk the fact that The
Newber ry Lumber Co., lumiber deal
ers. have facilities for furnishing
all kinds of building material thiat
are uns.ur.passed. that .they can give
very close figures on all contracts,
and that the stock is always kept
up,. insuring prompt deliveries and
no deiays and disappointments.
-NEWBEBIIY L.UMBER CO,
COLLEGE OF C A RLESTON.
126th Year Begins September 30.
Entrance exminations will be held
at the county court house on Friday,
July 1, at 9 a. m. All candidates for
admission can compete in September
for vacant Boyce scholarships, which .-.
pay $100 a year. One free tuition
scholarship to each county of South
Carolina. Board and furnished room
in dormitory, $12. 'Tuition $40. 1ot
- Harrison Randolph,
. - aking Life Safer
Everywhere life is being made more
safe through the work of Dr. King's
New Life Pills in constipation, bil
liousness, dyspepsia, indigestion, liv
er troubles, kidney diseases and bow-.
el disorders. They're easy, but sure,
and perfectly build up the health.
25c. at W. E. ePlham & Son's.