Newspaper Page Text
A Complete IL
QIVEN BY THlE MAN IN
CHARGE OF THE R. F. D.
FOURTH ASSIST.ANT PQMT31ASTER
How the Service Began, And a Sketch
of Its Growthi Down to the
Fourth Assistant Postmaster G ener
al P. V. DeGraw reached Newberry on
Tuesday morning from Raleigh. where
he attended the meeting of the Norti
Hon. P. V. DeGraw, Fourth A
Carolina association of carriers. Mr.
DeGraw was enthusiastically received
by the South Carolina rural letter car
riers in session here. In addressing
the rural carrier association of South
Carolina he gave the following valu
able history of the R. F. D. service,
which was prepared from the records'
of the various departments, taking the;
time of one man for a considerable
time to get up the information:
If a history were written of those
national policies which have been es-;
tablished for the benefit of the peo
ple of this great country, there would
be none recorded of greater import,
or which has conferr'ed greater bene
fits upon an isolated public, than rur
It is not my purpose today to give
you a detailed history of this great
branch of the postal service, for un
doubtedly you are all familiar with
the principal facts pertaining to the
inception and growth of the service.
but their are a few historical facts and
antecedents to rural delivery which
may prove of 'interest to you and
which will serve to illustrate the evo
lution of the policy of government.
.The free delivery of mail in cities.
was first instituted in 1863, and from
then on was extended to all of the1
largest cities. During the fifty-first
-congress a joint resolution was pass
*od, and approved October 1, 1890, au
thorizing the postmaster general to
-test the feasibility of extending the
free delivery system to offices of the
third and fourth class. In referring
to the experiment which had been au
thorized, Postmaster General Wana
mnaker. in his report for the fiscal year
ending June 30. 1891; says:
"But there are a great many de
tailed reasons, in common everyday~
affairs. if not in social philosophy.
even, why the free delivery system has
succeeded and ought to ha~ extended.)
The rural dweller pays the same rate
of postage and has the same right to
the common postal facilities that the
inhabitants of the city have. Indeed,
it is fair to question whether. with his1
papers and books and packages he re
-ceives, he does not do more postal
business than his city cousin does.
Ofren he makes long disagreeable
trips to the postoffice without result.
Surely if every trip that he made were
to yied him a piece of mail the pro
cess would be bad economy, because
he would be doing almost as much
traveling and consume almost as much
time as a single messenger would in
serving the whole neighborhood.".
"There is a social view of this ques
tion which seems to me quite as im
portant as any other. A great deal is
said about the desertion of the farm,
perhaps by the prosperous tiller of the
soil who can afford to rent his land
and go to town and live: perhaps by
the stalwart son who craves inter
aot haxe it with books and papers, or '
with people who have thenm; perhaps1
by ti,e daughter of the family, who
hungers even more for sympathy and tc
has more aspiration to be improved.
The regular arrival of the paper or
mt-gazine. the easier ways to corre- d
s;:ond. the general process of sending t
and receiving things by mail. will not
only keel) many of the girls at home p
and make them contented there, but
will add to their ambition and deter- e
mnination to make the old farm pay." a
While the experiment authorized by tj
congress did not 'contemplate the de- v
iverv and collection of mail outside a
sistant Postmaster General.
of towns and villages, it can be clear
ly seen, from the language employed
by Postmaster General Wanamaker,
that he had in perspective the delivery
and collection of mail in rural com
munities such as exists today.
Further along in the report referred
to, Postmaster General Wannamaker
"I could not commend anything to
the attention of congress with more
confidence than this proposed addition
o the postal facilities."
This commendation, given by a great
merchant prince, as well as a most
capable postmaster general, evidently
acted as a leaven in the loaf, for it was
but a short time thereafter until the
agitation for the delivery and collec
tion of mail in strictly rural communi
ties became widespread and petitions
were presented to congress from va
rious associations of farmers and rur- F
al inhabitants generally. The move
ment for rural deviery assumed tangi- g
ble form on January 5, 1892, when the a
bill was introduced by the Hon. Jas. p
O'Donnell, representative in congress 0
from the State of Michigan, entitled, 5
"A Bill to Extend the Free Delivery Y
System of Mails to Rural CommuniJ r
It seems strange indeed that when
rural delivery was practically in ne
bulae, Mr. O'Donnell's bill should con
template a system of rural delivery on
the precise lines on which it is oper- p
ated today. The bill carried with it p
an appropriation of $6.000,000. Onw
May 2S, 1S92, Mr. O'Donnell spoke for i
his bill and made a strong appeal for o
its passage. e
When the p)ostoffice appropriation. a
was read, an amendment was proposed y
by Mr. Watson, of Georgia, appropriat-f
ing the sum of $100.000 to be used in h
'experimental free delivery in the ci
:ountry as distinct from cities andh
:owns." On that amenament Mr. Hen- ki
erson of North Carolina, raised a
point of order, which was sustained,:t
nd the amendment accordingly re- g
jected. Mr. Watson offered a substi-y
:ute for his previous amendment, Ili
which was likewise rejected on a P.
oint of order. a:
During the second session of the hi
1st congress, on February 17, 1893,! tI
Ir. Watson, of Georgia, offered an a
imendment to the pending postoffice:i
appropriation bill, authorizing the ex- f
penditure of $10,000 for experimental ii
ree delivery in rural communities f
:ther than towns and villages, which al
amendment was adopted. Postmaster y'
General Bissell declined to institute.M
the experiment, and the money appro-!
priated was not spent. In the act
making appropriation for the postof
fice department for the fiscal year end
priated to be applied by the postmas
ter general for the experimental free
expind any part of the sum appro
-iated, giving as a reason that the!
partment had not been able to make
iy plans by which a satisfactory test
)uld be conducted with so small a
im. In the act approved June 9.
96, congress made a further appro
:iation of $10.000 for experimental
iral delivery, and made available the:
nount theretofore appropriated. or a
ital of $40.000.
The first experimental rural delivery
!rvice was established on the first
.y of the following October. and be
veen that date and June 30, 1S97. S:
)utes had been established out of 42
)stoffices in 29 States.
In the almost fourteen years of its
cistence rural delivery has attained
magnitude that is astounding. and
ie details of its operation are be..
)nd the comprehension of the aver
ge man. The sums of money which
ave been appropriated for the estab
shment and maintenance of this ser
ice now total close to two hundred
fty million dollars. Its carriers daily
,avel about one million miles of roads
nd durng the course of a year they
-avel the almost inconceivable dis-!
ince of three hundred and four mil
on miles, or thrice the distance from
ie earth to the sun.
It is estimated that, during the fis
ail year 1909, rural carriers through
ut the United States handled ap
roximately 2,724,000,000 pieces of
iail. There are at present in opera
on throughout the United States
1.083 rural routes. with 41.007 car
iers. The appropriation for the es
iblishment and maintenance of rural
elivery for the fiscal year 1910-1911
South Carolina now has in operation
28 rural routes of an average length
f 23.44 miles and a total mieage of
7,767.52. The present annual rate of
ost of the service in the State is $677,
75. It is estimated that the rural car
iers in South Carolina handled dur
ig the fiscal year 1909, 35,167,876
ieces of mail matter of all classes, an
acrease over 1905. 155 per cent.,
rhile the increase in the number of
pplications for money orders receiv
d through rural carriers in 1909 over
905 was 262 per cent.
Monument for a Good Town.
Talk about it.
Write about it.
Speak well of it.
Help to improve it.
Advertise in its paper.
Good country tributary.
Patronize its merchants.
Elect good men to office.
Honest competiton in prices.
Make the atmosphere healthy.
Faith exhibited by good works.
'ire all croakers, loafers, deadbeats.
,et your object be the welfare,
rowth and promotion of your town
nid its people. Speak well of the
ublic-spirited men, and also be one
f them yourself. He honest with all
our fellow-men. Don't think that
our commercial organization will
an itself. Co-operation is the foun
ation of the movement.-Merchant
urnal and Commerce.
While You're Living.
Do good in the world while you're
rancing along, and throw the har
~on into error and wrong; and al
ays remember the man with a scowl
dense as a donkey and dumb as an
ol; the man who is joyous fills oth
's with joy and people will call him
peach %f a boy. Oh, live while
>u're livng and hold up your head,
ir a man never knows just how long1
~'ll be dead! Drive out all that's vi
ous and mean from your mind; be
)nest and tender and faithful and
:nd; don't criticise pilgrims who
ander astray, but jolly them back:
the straight narrow way; don't
rumble around when you're doing
yur chores, but kick up your heels
ke a colt out of doors; get what
easure you can, for when all's done
id said, a man never knows just
>w long he'll be dead! Sometime in
ie future your mainstring will stop,
id Death well come up with a skip,
:mp and hop; and when you are
-cing that grisly old cuss, and look
g your last on the world and its
Lss, 'twill brace you and cheer you,
id let you down light, to know that
>u always stood up for the right.
erchant Journal and Commerce.
No Affair of His.
"I noticed, Mr. Loyd, that you were
~e only person who did not weep dur
g Mr. Evans' beautiful prayer."
"You forget Mrs. Davies, that I be
mgo- n other narish."-The By
For ten days
very interesting p
Base Ball Mill
Call and see me. I
"HOUSE OF A THOU
Black Pays th
The Southern, Seaboard, and Coast :
the South. All pass through Richmon
go out on next train. Shipments madE
in S. C. the next morning.
All goods guaranteed under Pure Fo,
Imperial Holland G
4 Quarts $4.oo. 8 Quarts $7
Red Deer Corn 3.00
Red Deer Gin 3.00
Belle Haven Rye 3 00
Sydnor XXXX Rye 4 Qts. $2.60.
Sydnor XXXX Corn 4 Qts. $2.60.
Sydnor XXXX Gin 4 Qts. $2.60.
Name 4 gts.
Old Capitol Rye $5-75
Fern Spring Rye 4-5c
John Black's Private S. 4.00
I. E. Goff AAAA Rye 3-50
Goff's AAAA Rye 24 Pts. $<
Bell Haven Rye 24 Pts.
Red Deer Corn 24 Pts.
Red Deer Gin 24 Pts.
Sydnor XXXX Rye 24 Pts.
Sydnor XXXX Corn 24 Pts.
Sydnor XXXX Gin 24 Pts.
In Bulk. -i gal. 2
AA Rye $2.50.
AAA Rye 3-50
Straight 8 Yrs. Old Rye 5.25
AA Corn 2.50
AAA Corn ~3.50
AA Gin 2.504
AAA Gin 3.50
IMPORTED AND BONDED GOOI
are in Stock. Price list sent on applica
Remember, I pay express charges on
Post-office Order, Express money order,
exchange or Cashier's check.
712 East Broad St.,
BAN%K STOCK FOR SALE. ent
We own, and are offering for sale, aso
62 shares of the capital stock of the ,'cli
National Bank of Newberry, and we buil
would be pleased to correspond with mod
those who may be interested. nee
SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANK,
Wilmington, N. C.
Tething children have more or 6-'7
less diarrhoea, which can be con- .
trolled by giving Chamberlain's' Colic
Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy. All
that is necessary is to give the pre- to
scribed dose after each operation of tres
the bowels more than natural and List
tben castor oil to cleanse the sys- writ
ten. It is safe and sure. Sold by W- N. (
~. Pelhamn & Son. Arn
Notice of Sale of School Building- ecz<
The ndersig-onea trnestoe of the hli
I will make
,ine reach nearly every point in
d. Orders received on one mail
from this point reach any place4
d and Drugs Act.
n 100 per ct.
-75. 12 Quarts $I1.oc
5 75 8.50
8 Qts. $4.75. 12 Qts. $7.00.
8 Qts. $4-.75- 12 Qts. $7.00.
8 Qts. $4.75. 12 Qts. $7.oo.
8Sqts. Case12 qts.
)50. 48 Half Pints $1o.cof
).oo. 48 Half Pints 9.50
9 00. 48 Half Pints 9.50
).. 48 Half Pints 9.50I
-50. 48 Half Pints 8 co
r-50. 48 Half Pints 8.00
-. 48 Half Pints 8.oo
gal. 3 gal. 4 gal.
1.75 $6.85 $9-10
5.80 9.20 I2.2O0
).00 14-75 I85
45 6 85 9- Io
5.8 9.20 12.201
k75 6.85 9I
5.8o 9.20 12.20
)S, Brandies, Wines and Beer
all goods except on beer. Send
Registered letter, New York
school building at public auction
the highest bidder therefor for
b on Saturday, July 2, 1910, at 10
ck. The purpose in selling the
ding is to erect a new and more
[ern building and one suited to the
is of the school.I
Jos. L. Keitt,
J. D. Nance,
Jno. P. Wicker,
A Wretched Nistake.
endure the itching, painful dis !3
s of piles. There's no need to.f
en: "I suffered much from Piles,"'
;es Will A. Marsh, of Siler Cit
., "till I got a box of Bucklen's 4
ica Salve, and was soon cured." 1
ns, boils, ulcers, fever sores,
ma, cuts, chapped hands, chil
ns, vanish before it. 25c. at W. E.
Woodmen of the World.
Maple Camp, No. 437, W. 0. W.,
neets every first and third Wednes
lay eveLing at 7.45 o'clock. Vijit
ing brethren are cordially welc-rqe.
D. D. Darby,
r. Burton, Clerk.
Newberry Camp, No. 542, W. 0. W,
me-ets c-,ery second and fourth Wed
nesday night in Klettner's Hall, at
B. B. Leitzsey, C. C.
J. J. Hitt,-Clerk.
Amity Lodge, No. S7, A. F. M.
Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. M.,
meets r-very first Monday night at 8
o'clock in Masonic Hall.
Visiting brethren cordially invited.
Harry W. Dominick,
J. W. Earhardt, W. M.
Signet Chapter, No. 18, I. A. I.
Signet Chapter, No. 18, R. A. M.,
meets every second Monday night at
a o'clock in Masonic HalL
Fred. H. Dominick,
Harry W. Dominick, E. H. P.
Golden Rule Encampment.
Golden Rule Encampment, No. 23,
1 0. 0. F., will meet at Klettner's
Hall the 4th Moiday night in each
month at 8. o'clock.
W. 0. Wilson,
W. G. Peterson, Seribe.
Pulaski Lodge, No. 20, I. 0. 0. F.,
will meet Friday night, July 8,
in Klettner's' Hall, at 8 o'clock. Let
every member attend.
. C. G. Blease,
W. G. Peterson, Noble Grand.
Bergell Tribe, No. 24, L 0. B. .
Meets on Thursday nights at 8
o'clock. Next regular meeting on sec
ond of June, and every two weeks
thereafter until September *15, after
which time will meet every Thursday
night at Klettner's Hall.
0. Klettner, C. E.
Cateechee Coneil, No. 4, D. of P.,
Meets on Tuesday nights at 8U
o'clock at Klettner's Hall. Next reg
ular meeting on 31st May and every
two weeks thereafter until September
15, after which time will meet every
Tuesday night. 0. Klettner, R. C.
Newberry Lodge, No. 75, K. of P.
Meets every second and fourth
Tuesday night at 8 o'clock, at Frater
C. A. Bowman, C. C.
K. ofER. & S.
The world's most successful medi
cine for bowel complaints is Cham
berlain's Colic, Cho!era and Diar
rhoea Remedy. It -has relieved more
pain and suffering, and saved - more
lives than any other medicine in -use.
Invaluable for children and adults.
Sold by W. E. Pelham & Son.
Scholarship and Entrance Evamrina.
The examination for the award of
vacant scholarships in Winthro-p col
lege and for the admission of new
students will be held at the county
court house on Friday, July 1, at 9
a. mn. Applicants must be not less
than fifteen years of age. When
scholarships are vacant after July 1
they will be awarded to those making
the \ighest average at this examina
Lion, provided they meet the condF
tions governing the award. Appli
:ants for scholarships should write
:o President Johnson before the ex
unination for scholarship examina
Scholarships are worth .$100 and
~ree tuition. The next session will
pen September 21, 1910. For- further
iiformation and catalogue, addresS
Pres. D. B. Johnson, Rock Hill, S. C.
University of South Carolina.
The University of South Carolina
>ffers scholarships in the department
>f education to one young man from
~ach county. Each scholarship is
vorth $100 in mo,ney and $18 term
ee with free tuition.
Examination will be held at county
~eat July 1. Examination of stud
~nts generally for admission to the
mniversity will be held at the same
Write for information .to S. C.
Jitchell, President, Columbia, S. C.