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outiern ins Block systelll.
Atlanta, Ga., June 3u.-The bulle
tin just issued by the interstate co1
merce commission, giving the mile
age of railways in the United States
operated by the block system or
January 1, 1910, shows that 2,080.1
miles of track on the Southern rail
way. constituting 30 per cent. of the
enti:e mileage of the system, is now
equipped with this safety appliance.
Included in this are the entire main
line from Washington to Atlanta and
on to Birmingham, the line from
Bristol to Chattanooga, that from
Chattanooga to Atlanta and Macon
and other important sections. In the
entire United States there are only
seven railway system with a great
er mileage so operated than ha, the
Southern. Ne oier railway in the
South operates anything like so large
a mileage with the block system.
The system in use on the Southerr
railway is what is known as the
"telegraph block." Suitable sema
phore .signals are -rected at inter
vals of about five miles along th
road to guide the engineman in thE
control of his train. The space be
tween these signals is called a bloch
and two passenger trains are unde:
no circumstances permitted in a
single block at the same time.
The working of this system may
be best explained by taking blockb
stations, Gainesville, Ga., and Oak
wood, Ga., for example. A train ap
proaches Gainesville bound for At
lanta. The operator at Gainesville
asks the operator at Oakwood if hE
can have the block for the approach
If there are no trains between
Gainesville and Oakwood the opera
tor gives the required permission and
both operators make a record of the
time, train number, etc. The opera
tor at.Gainesville then clear the sig
nal by pulling it down to an angl.
of about 60 degrees below horizontal
after the train comes in sight. That
is called "clearing" the signal, and
is done after the train comes intc
sight to assure the engineer that the
"signal is cleared for him and he will
not proceed into the bloct unless he
sees it go "clear."' This assures hirn
that he is not taking a signal given
a preceeding train. As soon as the
train passes the signal the operatol
returns the signal to a horizontal
position,' this indicates danger, stop
and it remains in this position as
long as the train is in the block. I1
will be noted that two men, one ai
each end of the block, must cooper
ate to allow a train to enter, this pro.
vides a check which effectually pre
vents mistakes, it being unlikely thai
two men would maa the same mis.
take at the samne time.
To install this system has neces
sitated the employment of a large
number of additional telegraph oper,
ators and the expenditutre of a largE
amount of money for line wire, sig
Snals, etc., but the officials of the
Southern railway believe that the ex
penditure is wa4rantied because of
the safety it affords their patrons
from accidents due to collisions.
.God Save the 'Flag.
Washed in the blood of the bravE
and0* the blooming,
Snatched from the- altars of inso
Buvnin g with star-fires but never con
Fiash'its broad ribbons of lily :Lnd
Vainly the prophets of Baal will rendc
Vainly his worshippers pray for its
Thousands have died for it; millions
Emblem of justice and mercy to all.
Justice that, reddens the skies with
Mercy that comes 'with her white
Soothing all passions, redeeming all
, Sheathing the sabre and breaking
Borne on the deluge of old asurpa
Drafted our ark o'er the desolatE
Bearing ?he rainbow of hope to thE
Torn from the storm-cloud and
flung to the breeze.
God bless the flag and its loyal de
.While its broad folds o'er the bat
tle field wave,
-Till the dim star-wreath re-kindle its
Washed from its stains in the bliood
of the brave!
-Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Common Ancestors Not Wanted.
Post-I discovered today thal
Parker and I have a common ances
Mrs. Post (a Colonial dame)--Foi
goodness' sake, don't tell any one.
.Lutlieran Cliurch of Redeemer To
night Under Direction of Mr.
Frank L. Eyer.
As previously announced there will
be an organ recital at the Lutheran
Church of the Redeemer this (Friday)
evening at 8.30 o'clock. given by Mr.
Frank L. Eyer. director of music in
Limestone college. Mr. Eyer is a
graduate of Leipsic Conservatory, and
has studied under several musicians
of great renown. He was for some
time on the editorial staff of the Etude.
a well known musical journal, and'
has since taught in prominent con
servatories. Mrs. R. Z. Thomas will
render a beautiful solo. The follow
ing is the program:
March from Aida-Verdi.
Pilgrims' Chorus (Tonnhauser)
Indian Summer Sketch (A Dream)
Grass and Roses-I. C. Bartlett.
Mrs. R. Z. Thomas.
Saadi-Muslih-ud-din Saadi of Sher
az, was a Persian poet of the 12th
century. His "Gulistan" or Rose
Garden is a collection of moral stories
in prose and verse, translated into
English in Calculta in 1806.
The Village Harvest Home-Spin
Grande Offertoire (St. Cecilia, No.
There will be no admission charged.
but a collection will be taken up.
The ladies in charge of the organ
recital received a telegram yesterday sm,
afternoon that Mr. Eyer was taken Ma
ill and could riot come and, therefore, i his
the recital is indefinitely postponed. the
TOLD ON AN OCEAN LINER, ab
Yarns Charles Battell Loomis Heardt
at Sea. shc
A sea voyage generally yields fruit o
in the way of anecdotes and stories, lan
writes Chas. Battell Loomis to the cid
New York Sun, but if your memory+m
is treacherous what are you to do? th:
I always envy the people who once
~they have heard a story have it on
tap in perpetuity. For me I can gen-fo
erally remember only the point,
while the leading up to it goes b;yo
Here is a story told me by an Irishw
lady returning home after a lecture r
tour in America and it is 700 years in~
old. It is ~so simple that I think I or
have retained its essence.
There were once three monks who go
decided that "the world was too much
with them," and in order to find true
solitude they all went to live in a gu
little island off the west coast of Ire- wit
land. ~The island was beautiful, the Me
solitude peaceful and they dwelt to- gu4
gether in silence and a.mity. res
At the end of the first year one of
the monks, unable to restrain his thc
tongue, said: "Is not this -the true YOl
Another happy year went by and Ca:
then the second monk replied: "It is ed
indeed the true life."
After another quiet year the third t
monk turned away from his brothersw
and said: "Unless you two cease gai
chattering I will go back to the main- wh
land." - mit
The lady who told me this as we cot
sat gazing at the 'waves vouched for "
its having been in manuscript form to
for at least 700 years. pr~
How many times it has been twist-- an<
ed and changed since then! I have thc
heard it told not of spiritual monks
but of beer drinking Germans, but fri4
there the actit n was almost too brisk, we
for only an hour elapsed between the drc
The same Irish lady told me a an
true anecdote about that witty Eng- he
lishman Bishop Wilberforce, who an
was said to -be all things to all men bee
~and who was called "Soapy Sam" by a ~
those who were not friendly to him. in
One day at dinner his niece said to est
him, "Uncle, why is it that you are'
called 'Soapy Sam?'" -.a
He arched his eyebrows and r'e- aec
plied, "I did not know I was called the
that. I suppose it is becat se I get
into hot water so often but always 'alo
come out with clean hands." mo
But there was one yarn spinner on ala
shipboard that I to my sorrow did tea
not appreciate at his true worth un- sal
tlthe last day of 'he trip.
tHe was short and stout with a the
somewhat Bryanesque cast of fea- wa:
tures and a flow of language that his bul
constant malapropisms did not check. ga'
When a word came to his lips he let by
it out with great good nature, regard- ma
less of its pronunciation or its form. fell
He was absolutely without guile
and the story he told those in the der
smoking room he told in good faith. ha]
I should like to meet the joker who
told it to hom; and I wish I had of
mt my friend sooner. I am sure that: an<
there were more tales than the one mc
in that round head. tina
Thnan he told through the
Loans and Discounts
Furniture and Fixtures -
Banking House -
Overdrafts, Secured and 1
Cash on.hand and with B
JNO. M. KINARD,
ke concerned that musical soul <
yr Schmitz of San- Francisco and a
very dear friend Abraham Ruef, a
man with the anything but rue- 1
disposition. We -had been talking
iut the ship's run and from that I
this story teller needs no steps. I
I heard," said he, squaring his N
ulders and sitting back, "a good 1
on Mayor Schmitz and Abe Ruef -
an Francisco. I come from Port- t
d myself. One day the pair de- I
d to go on a pleasure trip, hunt- r
and fishing. A friend I met on I
ars coming from Chicago to New
ktold me this.
othey started out with all the I
r saturnalia. They were going<
ig game, little game, any kind
me and they didn't care whether<
aw was on or off. The same 1
with fishing. They had all the
r equipages and they were go
to get fish, whether it was June 1
cember or any month at all.
Well, one of the game wardens
ind of It and he didn't do a 1
at all- Oh, no!
hat did he do but put on a dis-1
, and then he sits down and
all due informality he invites
s. Schmitz and Rue! to be his
ss while in the Little Big Horn
Well, they were delighted. They K
uht he was one of those English
iner 'sons with more money than
ai that have large estates in1
frnia, I'm told, and they accept- I
e ubiquity you bet
Well, of course, that's just what
ame warden wants. He knows
r the big game and the little
eand any kind, of game is and
a the fish bite best and he went
'his hunting lodge where he1'
dlaugh by hiiself at the fun hei
oing to have; for. it was illegal
shoot anything but rabbits and
re dogs in that particular month i
e thought of the elegant fines i
emalefactors would have to pay.i
emet them with a trap, my
i said (wicked friend), and they
edelighted with him from the
pof the hat. He had a fine red I
ih beard and a bushy red wig
1hs face was naturally red and
od them some lies about being t
expatriate Englishman who had
ncut off from his inheritance as1
unger son, but had struck it rich
Nevada and had bought this big
They nev"er tumbled to its being
iaional park, my friend said, on
int of their being city men on 1
Myor Schmitz had his fiddle
ngand when night came and the<
cnrose they sat out under the<
eda trees and he played the
rsout of Ruef's eyes, my friendi
et morning bright and early I
ywent out after moose. The game I
rdn he knew where there was a i
lymoose and he led them on and I
eRue! first crack at him, and
abit of bull luck Ruef hit the i
os the first shot and down she I
as dead as a hammock.
Well, that was nuts for the war- I
i.for the fine on mooses was $25, 1
fto go to the warden.
Nxt Schmitz brought down one
tese mountain lions, a female,
I hat was $15, for my friend says(
utain lions get scarcer every
Leone is shot.
So twnt all ay long, the war-1l
REPORT OF THI
kt the Close of Busi
Condensed from Report
- - $378,462.04
- - 3,116.93
.. - 9,750.00
inks - - 43,413.24
4 "9 Paid on Se
The Bank That Alw
DR. O. B.
[en on the sly fired in the air so
.s not to break the law, and Schmitz
,nd Ruef had beginners' luck and
roke the law to the tune of $150.
"It was the same when it came to
shing. The warden rigged up a fly
r each of them and supplied them
vith hooks-he wouldn't hear of their
sing the fancy flies they'd brought
-and then they went to a mountain
irook and began to cast for the big
sh my friend says they call the
auskorange, not at all plebtiful and
)rotected by most vigorous laws.
"It was not long before Ruef felt
is pole bending and he began to pull
n hand over hand, but the musk
range is a game fish and he was
>on up to his waist in the water and
;alled Schmitz to bring his rifle and
e sure the fish didn't get away.
"Schmitz was Johnn-onthe-spot,
11 right, and with plenty =of embon
ont, as the French say, he takes
areful aim and fired jiftst as the
mskorange was on the point of
breaking the fishing cord. Then he
ot his landing net and they got the
ig fellow to shore."
"How much did it weigh?" asked
e of the smokers.
"I don't know," said the narrator,
us proving beyond doubt (if any
iad existed) that he was no fisher
"'Fifty dollars!' laughs the warden
ito his big false beard. Then he
ushes down the bank and congratu
ates Ruef on his luck and tells him
t's the first fish catch of the season,
vhich was true, because -the law
ould be on a couple of months yet.
"Rue! thinks he's it and struts
Lround considerable, till Schmitz
Lsk him what's the matter with the
ay the rifle did the business of put
ing a quietus on the fish, and that
.ut up Ruef. -
Then that afternoon they went a!
er jackrabbits, my friend said, and
hey bagged ten apiece, and not car
ng to eat them cut off their fetlocks
'or the bounty.
"Well, so it went for days. They
~nared priairie dogs and wild par
ridges till you couldn't rest and left
hem lying where they were shot.
ot sports at all, tI) my way of think
ng, but butchers.
"Of course the wild partridges
vasn't so expensive. Only a matter
f a dollar apiece fine for them, but
is they shot them with perfect im
)unity it was over $100 before they
ot through, my friend said.
"At last Schmitz said he was sorry,
ut San Francisco had to be govern~
d a little more and he must be back
t his' desk, and Rue! had things ro
o0 on his job, so they told the war
[en what a fine time they had had
.nd he -leads them down the trail to
he station, telling them he wishes
e was in good favor with the cid
olks in England, because he'd like 0o
nvite them to the grouse shooting
here in July. They both said they
iad had the time of their lives.
"Then he gives them a shaking up
hat reminded them of April, 1906,
or he snatches off his beard and his
vig and there is a smooth faced,
:een eyed warden who takes a note
)ook out of hise pocket and says:
G-entlemen, this little ambuscade of
-ours will cost you $340 apiece. I
m John Huntington, the senior war
"Well sir, my friend, said you could
Lave heard a big tree drop, it was
- - - $ 50,000.00
ofits - 71,515.08
- - - 1,029.00
- - - 172.03
- - 314,045.35.
J. Y. McFALL,
laughted at by a collector when a
trader in antiques asked him the pal
try sum of 5 yen for it.
"Fortunately, the tide of reaction
soon set in with an awakened and re
newed interest, and swords, together
with their belongings, more than re
deemed the credit and high esteem
which they had once enjoyed as ob
jects of war and veneration. Inter
est in feudal arms and armor has
1 steadily increased, so that today it is
difficult, almost impossible, to obtain
possession of the best specimens.
"The glorious victory gained over
the Northern Colossus (Russia)
brought Satsuma more markedly than
ever into prominence for many of the
Sgreatest heroes ,who won immortal
Sfame during the tremendous struggle
Shailed from Satsuma; namely, Ad
mirals Togo and Kamimura, Marshal
Oyama and Gens. Nodzu, Kuroki, Nishi
and Kawamura, along with a host of
stars of lesser brilliancy. There arose
a new interest in Satsuma. Connois-.
seurs of t.suba' argued that in this land
of heroes and of Bushido there must*
surely have been great swordsmiths
~and tsuba craftsmen; especially as the
province had long been noted for its
"The first to Introduce the guards
Sof his native province to artists was
Mr. Fukushima, a celebrated collec
tor of swords as well as their adjuncts
Sand since that time the Satsuma
1guards have been searched for and
brought from the most remote and ob
scure corners of the southwestern part
of Japan and have obtained their. due
share of appreciation which was so
-long denied them."
The Horse's Prayer.
SPathetic and ironical as it may
- seem, the horse looks up to a man
as his god. In the Swedish they have
Ia "Prayer of the Horse," addressed to
a his human lord and master which, in
Ssubstance, is as follows:
-"0 lord, my master,. I thank and
adore you for the kind .word you
s spoke to me long ago, and I strive
Sin the hope that you will pet me
e once in a while. If I can not under-'
Sstand* what you wish me to do, please
- be patient and show me. Don't beat
- me or jerk on the reins, but look and
- see if something isn't wrong with the
' "I beg of you not to whip me so
ing up hill, nor give -me loads heavier
than I can pull. Keep me shod so
Sthat I can get a foothold, and don't
Slet the farrier cripple my feet. I I
am sick or have an ulcerated tooth,
go easy with me for a day, as I am
beside myself with pain.
S"Oh, grant me -cool, clean water in
the hot weather, and let me not eat
-my fodder dry.
S"Finally, when my strength is
gone, and I can not do any more
Swork for you, enough to be worth my
keep, I beseech of you, doni't Jet me
Sbe sold to draw a vender's cart, but
take my life in the quickest anid nas
f est way, and God will reward you in
this life and in heaven. Am1en.AMh
SNew York Evening World.
Like a Woman.
Edith-I told Clara, under promise
r of absolute secrecy, of our engage-.
L Fred-And she has spoken of it
t Edith-No; the spiteful thing never
Smentioned it.-llustrated~ Bits..
RRY, S. C.
ness June 30, 1910
of State Bank Examiner.
Surplus and Undivided Pr
Dividends Unpaid -
Cashier's Checks -
Deposits - -
Lys Treats You Right.
"Then Ruef he smiles and hi
reaches into his breast pocket an
pulls out a roll of bills and withou
counting them he hands them to th
warden, who counts them and says
'Why, here's $1,000.!'
"That's for you to keep it out 0
the newspapers. Here Schmitz, Yo1
pay the fines, I'm broke.'
"Schmitz obeys all right and thi
warden swears thatAno names wil
get in the papers and then the trab
comes in and they go back to Sal
Francisco ad libitum.
"So the game warden leaked," sug
gested the man who bad spoken be
"No, he never told, but one of hil
keepers tAiought it too 'good to kee)
so he told this friend of mine, wh<
is a drummer and he told me, and
believe it's true, every word."
SATSUNA SWORD GUARDS.
Gems of Workmanship Which a Fel
Years Ago Sold for a Song.
"Even until comparatively recen
times," says the Japan Magazin(
"Satsuma sword guards were refer
red to in a manner which likened ther
to a lump of rusted iron, massive ani
heavy, with oblong form, devoid c
artistic design or ornamentation.
"This misconception can be trace<
to the isolation policy so long i:
force in Satsuma, which preventei
travellers from securing tree or eas;
access to the interior of the Han, an<
also to the restrictions in force prc
hibiting the. exportation of 'things Sat
'suma' to any place outside of its ow:
.1 provincial limits. In coyisecquence C
this state of affairs the productions c
Satsuma artists were almost un
known in other parts of the empire.
'With the abolition of the feuda
system the Satsunma clansmen wer
imbued withi different views and th
semi-independent power of its provin
cial lord became a thing of the pasi
Simultaneously an imperial edict wa
promulgated forbidding the wearing c
swords on pain of confiscation, and th
public no longer prized in the sam
sense the weapon that they had for
merly been accustomed to hold rev
erently above their heads with uplift
ei hands and much less did they full;
appreciate the value of the variou;
adornments of the sword.
"In the meantime articles of for
eign make began to pour into th
country and a mania for everythini
Occidental seized the minds of thi
J'.panese people. As a result rare 014
su.its of armor, spears, sword guards
etc. suddenly found their way into th<
hands of curio dealers or' to black
smith shops, where these time-honor
ed treasures were transformed for th<
sake of their metal into articles o
common and practical use, such as tes
boilers, sickles, fire tongs and nails.
"The craze for things foreign wa
so great that it was not uncommoi
for a merchant to exchange antiqu
lacquered boxes for modern glass pot
that could be easily bought today to
Ia few sen. Some of these true objec
d'art were mercilessly subjected t<
chemical analysis for the purpose o
extracting the gold they contained.
"Tsuba. which are today eagerl:
sought after, met with the same fat
as the ordinary one. Even a tsub
by Kaneiye the Great, the incompara
ble specialist, whose productions a
th preent commana any price, wa: