Newspaper Page Text
-HOW TO HELP RURAL SCHOOL
Mr. Tate Offers Some Tery Practic'
Su.gestions-He Emphasizes the
Need for Better Supervision.
To the Editor of the News and Cou:
ler: I have been very much gratifi(
by the interest in the rural schoo
which is being exhibited by the cai
didates for office in South Carolin
Every candidate for governor has e
pressed himself in no ::::(ert:nn rn
as an advocate of the upbuilding
the common schools, and especial
thos, of the rural districts. As T1
repo s of the county campaigns a
*or r.he welf'lare of the rural school
rremr tendency to genralize on tl
jec -ha-n !o)ro1po-e r-njedies i
WNt*a ew o dirZeci:g t!his ponul
ieetEE n.to de:inite chanl(-s of di
enssier., I wish 'rom Timp to time
pres.ent to the press of the State
in my pnion. we might all profitab
turn Cur anenion.
ils v 10 "ave :vo Sl X. -a:e, myv ev
conclusions are tentative and subj::
a T:ian. n orer that my wol
may have the benefit of thie b
thought of the State on the subjec
discussed I should like to recei
copies of papers containing editori
expressons and the veiws of canc
dates for office, and should be plea
ed to hear from the educators a:
Lther citizens of the State who wj
be so kind as to give me the bene:
of their opinions.
Better Superison Needed.
I am fully convinced that the fir
rt quisite to substantial improvene:
il the rural schools of !.uth Car
lina is better supe,vision. The gra
est difference between the city scho)
and the country schools in this Sta
lies in the better supervision of tl
former. Let us contrast the city
Columbia and her next door neig]
bor, the county of Lexington. In ti
city of Columbia. according to the 1a
report issued by the superintenden
there are 75 teachers and 3,367 pupil
In the county of Lexington there a:
152 teachers and S.321 pupils. Wit
the exception of two or three sma
towns, all of these are in count]
schools. The teachers of Columbi
are most of them college graduati
and have had years of experience
a well organized system where ti
work of each is definitely arrange
:and limited in extent. In the rur,
schools of Lexington county there i
according to the county superintent
ent of education, not a single colleg
garduate. These teachers have o1
tained their preparation in the con
mnon schools and high schools of th
county and State, and thteir sole pr<
fessional training has been giveni
the short-term summer schools. Moi
than half of them change schools e'
ery year. Recent statistics, in fac
show that in the whole State 52 pm
cent. of the rural teachers teach ori
year in a place. These teachers mu:
teach all grades of work, and with ti
mnost meagre material equipment. TI
task of the rural teacher is infinite;
more difficult than that of the grad
teacher in the city school, .,
SCity vs. Count; Supervision.
Tn the city of Columbia there is
'superintendent of schools who re
ceives a salary of $2,000 per yea
Each school has a principal who givE
.a part of his time to supervisioi
"There is a supervising principal wh
gives especial attention to the teaci
intg The first three grades. There
a supervisor of manual training,
supervisor of music and a supervisc
of sewing. In common with other cit
schools of the United States, Colun
hia 'perhaps spends eight to ten pe
tent of its total school expenditure
In any manufacturing or other busi
ness enterprise, it is a well establish
-ed principle that the less the skill an
experience of the employee the mor
supervision' is neessary. Iti accord
anc with this principle, we should ex
1)ect to find the schools of Lexingto:
'county spending at least fifteen pe
-cent for supervision. On the con
trary, the total amount expended fc
supervision in Lexington ~dounty ex
~clusive or the two or three tow:
;nhools, is $600, the salary of th
county superintendent. This is les
than 2 per cent. of the county schoc
expenditures. The payment of thi
meagre compensaticgi asiumes tha
the county superintendent is expecte
to devote only a part of his time t
the duties of his office, and that hei
going to make a living in some othe
occupation. This salary is about ti
average in South Carolina, as at
one can ascertain by examination<
Moreover, the teaching force in C
lumbia is concentrated in a sma
area, and the physical effort involvi
in the sunervision is reduced to
. tendenit of Lexingtotn must trave
over an entire county. The superin
I tendent of schools of Columbia 5
kleCted for a term of years by a stabl
board of trustees. The county super
intendent of Lexington must offer hIn
r- self before the Democratic primar
d:and, at considerable expense to him
Is self, make the race for the office, an
i- throughout his term of office muc
a. continually trim his sails to the chan2
x- ing winds of popular opinion, whic
s often prevents the adoption of cor
of sistent educational policy.
ly This county is typical of the entir
ie State. Ts it any wonder then that th
p- rrz: gr-hon!-r, :Wkard? -iWith a
s De.mocracy, we have not given them
ie Allow mI to suggest for general di
cussion a scheme of county slipervi
ir First. Ei' Tho Cople e!ae n count
s- board of education composed of thrE
o members. At the first election l(
a one man be elected for two years. ai
Y'for six years. and thereafter let on
man be rlected every two years. Th!
wl1 ins a stable board. Tf it i
desired the board may be made t
cOis of I:en rater than threi
Second. Let this county board
t. education select the county superir
ye tendent of schools just as the cit
school board selects a city superir
tendent. They should be allowed t
s. select the best man for the work t
,d be done, regardless of where he is t
at Third. This selection should be fc
a term of four years.
Fourth. The county superintender
should be paid a salary which is su
st ficient to enable him to devote his er
tire time and attention to the supei
vision of the schools. No county i
South Carolina can afford to pay
s county superintendent of educaLin
less than $1.500.
Fifth. The county board of educa
3 tion should also be authorized to em
ploy a county supervibor of instruc
tion, whose duty it shall be2 to vi3
the country schools and to show th
inexperienced teachers how to teac:
sand organize their schools. This of
eficial should work under the directiol
hof the county board and county sup
11 erintendent, who would be left free t'
7devote more of his time to the admin
Listrative duties of his office, such a
sthe voting of special taxes, the con
nsolidation of schools and erection c
e proper school buildings. The numer
dous requests which have come fror
1. the county superintendents for. th
sservices of an experimental super
-visor to be placed in one county C
ethe State for the coming year, is a:
indication that such help would b
eSixth. The county board of educa
tion should be empowered to levy
n special county tax not to exceed on
emill, to be devoted to the supervisio:
- of the rural schools. Under the con
t stitution the salaries of county schoo
rofficers can not be paid from the 3
emill tax and they are in consequence
idependent on legislative caprice. Th
ecounty board should be in 1 positioi
tto control the funds for supervisiol
3As I stated above, I should be pleas
eed to have this scheme of supervisio'
made the basis of general discussio:
b y those interested in education.
a W. K. Tate,
-State Supervisor Elementary Schools
bs ME. WATSON r3DECIDED.
o Sense of Duty to State Will Direc
- fr. Watson in Accepting or De
s clining Position.
r E. J. Watson, commissioner of agri
yculture, commerce, and industries
-who has been tendered a federal posi
rtion, the work to consist in the ex
s portation of American manufac
tures abroad, yesterday gave the fol
-lowing statement to the press:
-"I had expected to be forced t<
d make a final decision in this mattel
e during the past week, certainly by to
morrow. I have, however, just re
-ceived advices from W~ashington al
n lowing me ample time--the middle o:
r September-in which to say whethel
or not I can take the foreign field iT
r the interest of American manufac
-tures, particularly our textiles anm
acottonseed products. This action ii
e. Washington is particularly gratifying
s for it is but another evidence of thi
l active interest that the federal gov
s emnent is taking in a systematic ani
Lt proper exploitation of heretofore clos
d ed markets. Some people criticise me
o no doubt, for hesitating about thi
s. proposition, commanding as it does
rhandsome salary and laden as it i
ewith possibilities for facilitatini
y Southern development-indeed aidini
f our cotton growers. That I can nc
help. I have been devoting my lif
to the upbuilding of South Caroline
.11 and tangible results of policies em
aployed are in sight. If I go to th
a Orient now it means the uprooting
I balance of my life, perhaps the loss of
- persoi.ai contact with the rank and
s file of ihe people that I love. How
e ever, if I feel that I can best serve
the State and the people I love so well
- by going. I will go; if I don't feel this,
i deep down in my heart, I will stay, as
- badly as I need the handsome salary
d attached. There are some I know
t who can not understand this state
-nient, and I am One who does not care
h to try, even, to make them understand.
I have had a hard fight in the proseen
tion of the bampaign in South Caro
e lina for a genuine 'program of prog
e ress,' but all along I have known I
xas right. (and. now the rank and file
a has made it hard to reach a decision,
hard to uproot thr ties here. and that
many terni a 'job'-the thing usually
might after-at nearly four times the
30I3 saary I Ua receiving L.'r'.
with expense att-(hed. If I do ta'Xe
this position it will be from a sense
of public duty. and nothing else. Th:.t
is all I care to sny about it."
It is remInarkable what changes can
,.e rung in a siender wardrobe '.y a
judicious use of the button-ons, or. in
other words, of the exchangeable
trimmings and accessories that can be
hooked or buttoned on a garment.
There is the petticoat idea; the girl
who adopts it owns just two petti
coat tops, one of black sateen and one
of white lining material. On these
she buttons any number and variety
r of deep ruffles, the dark on the black
and the light on the white. There are
t silk ruffles to match every gown,
sateen or seersucker ones for rainy
days, white lace and lawn ones for
lingeries gowns. The money she sav
es in material and making is consider
a able indeed, and she rejoices daily in
n her buttonholed ruffles and the row
of black and white buttons on her un
Then there are hat trimmings.
IHow many sailors boost hooked-on
.t bows no one but the owners will ever
e know, and they are certain of a trim
ming to agree in material and color
with every stitch of clothing they own.
Ribbon, velvet, straw. leather, maline,
net- the varieties are endless and the
gamut of shades is limited not even
-by the rainbow. Other hat trimmings
too may be hooked on for the occa
-caslon-feathers, flowers and buckles
-and one good substantial straw may
-be the concealed foundation of every
type of hat from the tailor-made to
e the lingerie.
-Flat pockets buttoned or hooked on
to petticoats and inside blouses are
another invention of the button-on
girl, and she finds them vastly more
convenient than the easily lost hand
bag. They are made large enough
never to bulge, and thus they are un
All the pretty frills every one is
-wearing are easily buttoned on with
1 pearl or crocheted buttons; and thus
-one blouse may boast half a dozen of
Sthese dainty accessories. A bright
idealis to use gold baby studs with
buttonholes in both blouse and frill.
IThe button-on girl takes no chances
with satety pins. Her waists and skirts
Sare hooked together. There are five
hooks on every One of her skirts, and
five eyes in the ,same places on every
one of her shirtwaists. In the more
delicate materials, the eyes are sewed
to a tape band that runs around the
The same principle is extended to
t the petticoat and corset cover. No
ugly drops and creases where a few
nfat buttons or large hooks and eyes
save the day. And here again the tape
.band is in evidence. Only a few mo
ments' extra sewing, but many hours
_ gained in wear and tear.
. Moreover, the button-on girl makes
.One dress do the work of two. When
. She buys or has made an evening dress
she provides also a separate yoke and
Slong sleeves; and for semi-dress oc-I
casions her decollete gown, with per
haps a net tuic or a droped bodice, ap
pears with lace sleeves and yoke in
otuite different guise.
W \oniderful are the changes that can
be wrouaLght in one blouse by the use
'of button-trimmings. A bank of ap
olique, ruffled sleeves, an overblouse
of embroidered net, and the quite plain
1lttle waist becomes fit for occa
sions the most varied and the most
-Certainly the button-on idea is
Mary (aged 6)-Uncle Charlie, I
wish you many happy returns of your
birthday, and mamma said that if
- ou gave me a dollar not to lose it.
Be sure and take a bottle of Cham
tberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea
e Remnedy with you when starting on
, our tr ip this summer. It can not be
.obtained on board the trains or
steamers. Changes of water and cli
e mate often cause sudden attacks of
LEAVE TRIP RAI
Laurens 7:20 a. m. $1.2
Clinton 7:50 a. m. "
Goldville 8:05 a. m. 1.0
Kinards 8:13 a. m. "
Gary 8:18 a. m.
Jalapa 8:24 a. m.
Newberry 8:47 a. m.
Prosperity 9:07 a. m. 75
RETURNING, Tickets good
and including Train 14, due
lumbia, Thursday, August 2
W. J. CRAIG, P. T. M.
Wilmington, N. C.
The Southern, Seaboard, and C
the South. All pass through Ric
go out on next train. Shipments
in S. C. the next morning.
All goods guaranteed under Pu
4 Quarts $4.oo. 8 Qua:
Red Deer Corn 3
Red Deer Gin 3.
Belle Haven Rye 3.
Sydnor XXXX Rye 4 Qts. $
Sydnor XXXX Corn 4 Qts. 8
Sydnor XXXX Gin 4 Qts. $
Name 4 9
Old Capitol Rye$
Fern Spring Rye 4.
John Black's Private S. 4.
. E. Goff AAAA Rye 3.
Goff's AAAA Rye 24]1
Bell Haven Rye 24]3
Red Deer Cnrn 24 ]
Red Deer Gin 24 .
Sydnor XXXX Rye 24 :
Sydnor XXXX Corn 24:
Sydnor XXXX Gin 24 1
In Bulk. t gal.
AA Rye $2-50
AAA Rye 3.50
Straight 8 Yrs. Old Rye 5.25
AA Corn 2-50
AAA Corn 3.50
AA Gin 2-50
AAA Gin 3.50
IMPORTED AND BONDED'
are in Stock. Price list sent on a
Remember, I pay expres:, charg
Post-office Order, Express money
exchange or Cashier's check.
712 East Broad St.,
"Have any of Poe's commentato!
taken note of the fact that his famot
Raven was on an old drunk?"
"What do you mean?"
"Didn't the poet say himself tt
tsir was an antique 'bust?'"--Tob
LY AUGU. 24
urnia vs. Augusta.
E LEAVE TRIP FARE
5 Slighs 9:25 a. m. 75c.
Lt. Mountain 9:33 a. m.
0 Chapin 9:45 a. m. 50c.
Hilton 9:54 a. m. "
White Rock 9:58 a. m.
Ballentine 10:06 a. m.
Irmo 10:18 a. m.
c. Ar. Columbia 10:50 a. m.
on any Regular Train up to
to leave Gervais Street, Co
5th, 5.20 p. m.
Phone or Write
J. F. LIVINGSTON, S. A.
Columbia, S. C.
oast Line reach nearly every point in
hmond. Orders received on one mail
made from this point reach any place
re Food and Drugs Act.
dGin 100 per et.
ts $7-75. 12 Quarts $11.oc
0o 5-75 8.50
05 75 8.50
2.60. 8 Qts. $475 12 Qts. $7.oo.
2.60. 8 Qts. $4-.75. 12 Qts. $7.oo
2.60. 8 Qts. $4.75. 12 Qts. $7.00.
ts. 8 qts, Case12 qts.
75 $1n-o0 $15-oo
00 7.75 10.50
50 6-75 9.50
ts. $9-50. 48 Half Pints $1o.oo
ts. 9.00. 48 Half Pints .50
ts. 9 00. 48 Half Pints 9.50
Pts. 9.oo. 48 Half Pints 9.50
ts- 7.50. 48 Half Pints 8 o0
?ts. 7.50. 48 Ha?lf Pints 8.oo1
ts. 7.50. 48 Half Pints 8.oot
2 gal. 3 al. 4 gal.
$47$6.85 $9- Io
6.8o 9.20 12.201
10.00 14-7 5 -5
4-75 6 85 9-10o
6.8o 9.20 12.20
4.75 6.85 )I
6.8o 9.20 I2.20~
OO0DS, Brandies, Wines and Beer
es on all goods except on beer. Send
order, Registered letter, New York
Won't Need a Crutch.
s When Editor J. P. Sossman, of Cor
nelius, N. C., bruised his leg badly, it
sstarted an ugly sore. Many salves
and ointments proved worthless.
Then Bucklen's Arnica Salve healed
it thoroughly. Nothing is so prompt
e and sure for Ulcers, Boils, Burns,
Bruises, Cuts, Corns, Sores. Pimples,
Eczema or Piles. 25c. at W. E. Pel
Woodmen of the World.
Maple Camp, No. 437, W. 0. W.,
meets every first and third Wednes
day evLing at 7.45 o'clock. V1t.
ing brethren are cordially welcome.
D. D. Darby,
T. Burton, Clerk.
Newberry Camp, No. 542, W. 0. W.,
weets c'. ery second and fourth Wed
nesday ight in Klettner's Hall, at
B. B. Leitzsey, C. C.
J. J. H:, Clerk.
Amity Lodge, No. S, A. F. X.
Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. M.,
meets (rery first Monday night at 8
.'clock in Masonic Hall. -
Visiting brethren cordia,1ly invited.
Harry W. Dominick,
J. W. Earhardt, W. M.
Signet Chapter, No. 18, I. A. 2.
Signet Chapter, No. 18, R. A. M.,
meets every second Monday night at
a o'clock in Masonic Hall.
Fred. H. Dominick,
Harry W. Dominick, E. H. P.
Golden Rule Encampment.
Golden Rule Eneampment, No. 23,
I. 0. 0. F., will meet at Klettner's
Hall the 4th Mon.day night in each
month at 8 o'clock.
I. H. Hunt,
W. G. Peterson, Scribe.
Pulaski Lodge, No. 20, I. 0. 0. F.,
will meet Friday night, August 19,
in Klettner's' Hall, at "8 o'clock. Let
every member attend.
J. M. Davis,
W. G. Peterson, Noble Grand.
Bergell Tribe, No. 24, L 0. . I.
Meets on Thursday nights at 8
o'clock. Next regular meeting on sec
ond of June, and every two week
thereafter until September 15, after
which time will meet every Thursday
night at Klettner's Hall.
0. Klettner, C. R.
Cateechee Council, No. 4, D. of P.,
Meets on Tuesday nights at 8
o'clock at Klettner's Hall. Next reg
ular meeting on .31st May and every
two weeks thereafter until September
15, after which time will meet every
Tuesday night. 0. Klettner, R. C.
Newberry Lodge, No. 75,1K. of P.
Meets every second and fourth
Tuesday night at 8 o'clock, at Frater
C. A. Bowman, C. C.
K. of R. & S.
Dysentery is a dengerous disease,
but can be cured. Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
has been successfully used in nine
epidemics of dysentery. It has nev
er been known to fail. It is equally
valuable for children and adults, and
when reduced with water and sweet
ened, it is pleasant to take. Sold by
W. E. Pelham & Son
If your liver is sluggish and out of
tone, and you feel dull, bilious,, con
stipated,- take a dose of Chamber
lain's Stomach and Liver Tablets to
night before retiring and you will feel
all right in the morning. Sold by W.
E. Peiham & Son.
A man is a person who can remem
lher a bottle of beer in the refrigera
tor a long time after he has forgotten
his wife's good-bye kiss.-Dallas
Saved From Awful Peril.
"'I never felt so near my grave,"~
writes Lewis Chamblin, of Manches
ter, Ohio. R. F. D. No. 3, "as when
a frightful cough and .lung trouble
pulled me down to 115 pounds in spite
of many remedies and the best doc
tors. And that I am alive today is
due solely to Dr. King's New Dis
covery, which completely cured me.
Now I weigh 160 pounds and can
work hard. It also cured my four
children of croup." Infallible for
Coughs and Colds, its the most cer
tain remedy for LaGrippe, Asthma,
desperate lung trouble and all bron
chial affections, 50c and $1.00. A
trial bottle free. Guaranteed by W.
E. Pelham & Son.
NOTICE OF FINAL SETLLEMFENT.
As administrator of the estate of
Mary L. Counts, deceased, I will make
a final settlement on said estate in the
office of the fudge of probate for New-.
berry county on August 24, 1910, at
11 o'clock a. in., and immedliately
thereafter apply for letters dismis
sory as administrator of said estate.
All persons indebted to said estate
will make settlement before that date
and all persons holding claims against
said estate will present them duly
J. M. Counts,