Newspaper Page Text
Information by U. S. Dept. Agriculture,
Bureau Plant Industry, Farmers'
A winter cover crop is one of the
most important factors in Southern
farming, especially hill farming. A
system of poor farming has so great
ly exhausted the humus in the major
ity of the fields as to make it well nigh
impossible to prevent their further de
pletion by the heavy rains of winter
and early spring, which carry off much
of the valuable elements left, onto the
bottoms, and into the streams. Na
ture, always resourceful, has furnish
ed certain plants which may be used
to restore the depleted soils. These
winter cover crops will hold our loose
soils in place, and where sufficient
growth is obtained, can be turned un
der to add humus to the soil. The
sand hills and other loose soils can
largely be prevented from leaching if
heavy cover crops are turned under
for a few years. This statement may
be verified by taking new land whers
the plant roots and vegetable mold are
still in it, or the same may be found
in sod land where run to pasture for a
-teries of years and bi --ight back into
cultivation. No washing occurs here
even after the heaviest rains. A good
cover crop will not only prevent wash
ing and add humus to the soil, but it
clovers or vetches are used there will
be nitrogen collected from the air and
stored in the soil during winter, as
peas and beans do in summer. The
plants most suitable for cover crops
are rye, vetch, crimson and bur clov
er. Conditions of course, must deter
mine which to use.
Rye is one of the old standard win
ter crops and has been used very ex
tensively in some sections. It has the
advantage in that it is generally
known, is easily planted, will grow al
most at any season, will grow on the
poorest soils, seed are usually cheap,
and it does not require extra care in
the way of inoculation as is the case
with the legumes. It can be sown in
the middle of the corn or cotton at last
cultivation or if not convenient to sow
at this time it can be done a little lat
er in the fall. When sown early it
gives a better cover for the soil and
also some good grazing for the stock.
Where practicable, however, as would
be on the corn land, it Is better to
turn under stalks and other growth
and plant rye on good seed bed. It is
also a good plan where the soil will
grow it, to mix vetch with the rye,
about 1 bushel of rye to one-fourth
bushel of vetch, using a bushel of the
mixture per acre. It is better to dri'l
seed, especially where planted in mid
dles. of corn or cotton. It is claimed
that the variety known as Abruzzes,
which was imported by the agricul
tural department, is best suited to
South Carolina and adjacent States.
There are other good native varieties
which can be had at a fair price.
Oats may be used instead of rye in
ijaany instances, and the same general
rule for preparation, planting, and af
ter treatment, may be followed as for
rye. One and one-half to two and one
half bushels of seed should be used
per acre when planted alone; one and
one-half bushels and one-fourth bush
el of vetch when combined. ~Rust
proof oat seed gives the best results
In nearly every part of the South. Un
less the lands are fairly good it will be
necessary to fertilize the rye and oat
crop to get sufficient growth for the
most valuable cover crop. Stable ma
nure applied broadcast at time of
planting is good for this, or the fol
lowing per acre: Acid phosphate 150
pounds; cotton seed meal, 150 pounds,
and muriate of potash, 30 pounds,
thoroughly mixed and applied at time
Clovers and Vetch.
Until lands become more fertile and
adapted to these crops the best satis
faction with them can be obtained on
ly by making a good preparation and
by givng some special care in seed
ing 'and inoculating the soil.
Turn a few inches deeper than it has
been previously plowed. If there is no
rain, after this, before time of planting,,
a roller should be run to firm the seed
bed. These crops can be sown in both
corn and cotton middles where clean
by scattering seed broadcast and run
ning sweep or cultivator lightly to cov
er. Entire success, however, need not
be looked for by this method of seed
ing, though some splendid results
were reported from it last season. The!.
corn lands can be put in fine condition
by using a cut-away or disc harrow to
cut stalks and turn top soil. Sow
seed and cover with tooth harrow.
The clovers and vetch will need fer-'
tilizers 10 get satisfactory early
growth. For this purpose stable man
ure stands first as it not only auds
fertility but carries the bacterial ino
culation so essential on soils first
planted to these crops. An application
per cent. acid. 25 pounds muriae Vpo
ash, and ~5 pounds couon seed neal or
dried blood per acre will be good. The I
addition of the small amount of nitro
genous fertilizer will aid in giving the
young plants a vigorous start. When
there happens to be any acidity of the e
soil, air-slacked lime at the rate of 1,- r
000 pounds, per acre, should be ap- h
plied at time of preparation. I
Time for Sowing. I
The best time for sowing crimson C
clover or bur clover is just as early in t
the fall as danger of summer killing !
of young plants is past-not letter
than September 1. Vetch can be sown a
much later, though the earlier plant- a
ing does better. c
Amount of Seed. a
About 20 pounds of crimson clover
seed per acre sbould be used; 30
pounds bur clover in bur, or 18 pounds C
cleansed seed; 15 pounds vetch seed
when sown with one bushel oats which
plan is always best if the soil is good
enough to allow it, 30 pounds if sown C
aloe. Bur clover will be found to 9
grow better as a rule from the seed I
planted without hulling. The inocu- E
lating germ appears to be carried with
the bur. All clover seed should be r
covered lightly; use roller if the soil is t
dry at planting time. . -....t
To get a satisfactory crop of crim
son clover, bur clover, or vetch the J
first year, the soil must be inoculated.
Stable manure apparently does this in
some localities, but the safest plan is
to procure soil from a few inches be- c
low the surface, where the bacteria I
are more numerous, from a field which t
has already grown the crop, scattering a
broadcast over the newly planted h
area. Two or three bushels per acre
will answer, while more would be bet- v
Thc United States department of ag. s
riculture will furnish inoculating ma
terial free for any of the: crops, to
any who make application, f-fll it,
structions as to use oeao %ent. It iS
rec r n nended that those desiring this j,
material shall send direct to the de- e
partment for it, rather than pay fancy
prices to some of the firms making ex
travagant claims for the same mate
rial. Application must be made on
regular forms, which you can obtaln
sither from Dr. Knapp, at Washington,
or from my office, or from Ira W. Wil
liams State Agent. S. M. Duncan, h
Special Agent, Newberry, S. C. t
PATTERSON NOT TO WITHDRAW.i
dienies Rumor to That Effect and De
nounces Newspapers. a
Nashville, Tenn., Ap,gust 25.-Gov- t
ernor Malcom R. Patterson i's still in g
the race for the governorship of Ten- ii
nessee; in this respect the chief exe
autive made his intentions known in a
an emphatic statement given out here
today in which he says'there is not "a a
particle of truth in the rumor that I q
will withdraw from the contest," he y
adds that he "will go to victory or de
feat." His signed statement was ad- I:
clressed to "the Democracy of Tennes'. t:
see," which follows: k
"Owing to the insidious and persist- a
ent attempt of certain newspapers who
are incapable of dealing with public e
men and questions with fairness or de- fa
cency, it becomes necessary to state ti
that there is.not a particle of truth in .
the rumor that I withdraw from the
contest for governor.
"In offering to yield my nomination d
and to give the Democratic party an Ia
opportunity, if desired, to nominate t
another candidate, I have done all that c
any self-respecting man should do and 1
all any self-respecting opponent could tl
"I am representing not my personal e
ambition, but the party that has hon
oreded me and with it, I will go to vic. 8
tory or defeat.
(Signed) "Malcom R. Patterson." S
ROOSEVELT A PLAGIARIST? v
London Paper Says Peace League I
Suggestion Came From Eing
of Italy. ']
London, August 26.-The Daily News,
today publishes a communication stat
ing that the origin of Col. Theodore j
Roosevelt's famous suggestion for a
European peace lague, made at Chris- 1
tiania during his re' ut tour of Eu
rope, was a memoranuum prepared on j
the subject by the king of Italy, which~
the king asked Col. Roosevelt to con
vey to Emperor William of Germany.
It was before the Nobel prize com
mittee at Christiania, in his address
on "International Peace," that Col.
Roosevelt made his plea for a league '
of peace. C
"It would be a masterstroke," he
stated, "if those great powers honestly
bent on peace would form a league of
peace, not only to keep the peace
among themselves, but to prevent, by'
force if necessary, it being broken by
What a woman can't understand J3
about a man is why he would rathe6
B!AL\L .A ND) (X PIll A HENT.
)id INot Attend Repuldican Meetinm
Convention Septemb)er 26.
Columbia, August 25.-It was decid
d this afternoon at the executiv
aeeting of the Republican party t
told a convention here September 2(
t is thought that several importan
atters will be threshed out in th
onvention including, it is believee
ie elimination of the negro, follow
ag lines indicated by Presdent Tafl
Among those who were not presen
t the executive committee meetinj
re: L. W. C. Blalock, who was in th,
ity and John G. Capers, who usuall:
ttends the Republican sessions in thii
tate were here today for the meeting
t was definitely decided to hold th
onference September 26.
Just Learning How to Spell
Col. T. B. Crews the veteran edito:
f the Laurensville Herald, tells
ood story of the late Col. James H
rby, of Laurens, who ilas one of th
ost noted lawyers in Upper Carolin
1 ante-bellum days. The times wer
ed hot just prior to the meeting o
ie Secession Convention in Charles
)n in December, 1860. Local agita
on was at fever heat throughout th
tate and old Laurens in those days
ist like at the present times, was ,
ot bed of politics. The overwhelm
ig sentiment was for secession i
aurens, but there were some feV
onservatives, Col. James H. Irby be
ig their leader. On a certain day, ai
ie story goes, it was advertised tha
me ting would be held at the cour
ouse, to which all citizens favorinj
tate's rights and secession were in
ited. Not to be outdone, Col. Irby
,rote out a notice to the effect tha
11 citizens not in favor of the Stati
eceding from the Union would hol
separate meeting on the same day
'his notice the colonel carried to thi
ostoffice and pasted on the wall. Hi
tood off from it a distance, and, ad
isting his spectacles with deliberat
ase, scanned it carefully and with ai
[r of satisfaction and complacency
ast at this moment some precocioui
Duth, just out oti college, entered thi
ostoffice and noticed the colonel read
ig his sign.
As the notice bore the signature o0
o. Irby, the smart youth turned t<
im and said: "Col. Irby, did you write
"Yes, sir," wds the reply. "Why
n't it all right?"
"No; sir; you've got the word 'sep
rate,' spelled wrong."
Col. Irby again adjusted his spec
tles and looked over the notice wit]
reat care and scrutiny, and turn
tg to the young fel-low, said:
"Why, that reads all right-what':
rong with it?"
"Separate is spelled s e p a r a t<
aid not s e p e r a t e," came the brigh
ick answer of the highly educatei
"Well," reluctantly admitted Col
by, "you are right; but say, you art
ie first d-n fool I ever saw wh<
new thow to spell and didn't knov
Col. Irby was once lieutenant gov
rnor of South Carolina and was th<
ther of the late United States Sena
>r, J. L. M. Irby.
OTICE~ OF FINAL SETTLE1fENT
Notice is'hereby given that the un
ersigned will make a final settlemen
3 Administrator of the personal es
Lte of Mrs. Catherine E. Hendrix, de
ased, in the Probate Court for New
erry County, on September 28th
10, at 11 A. M. and immediatel:
iereafter apply for a discharge.
William H. Hendrix,
Administrator of Personal Estate
f mWs. Catherine E. Hendrix, de
ALE OF NATIONAL BANK STOCE
If not sold before at private sale:
ril sell at public auction before oht
ourt house, ten shares of Newberr:
ational Bank stock, on Wednesday
ugust 24, 1910, at 12 o'clock noor
'erms of sale: Cash.
J. H. Cappell, Agt.
In buying a cough medicine, don'
e afraid to get Chamberlian's Cougl
emedy. There is no danger fror
5, and relief is sure to follow. Espe
ially recommended for coughs, cold
nd whooping cough. Sold by W. E
'elham & Son.
NOTICE TO DRAW JURY.
Notice is hereby given that we, th
ndersigned, jury commissioners fo
~ewberry County, S. C., will on th
'nd day of September, 1910, at
'clock a. in., in the office of the clerl
f court, openly and publicly draw th
Lames of thirty-six men who sha]
erve as petit jurors at the commo:
leas court, which will convene a
~ewberry, S. C., on the 19th day c
Jno. L. Epps,
Eug. S. Werts,
Jno. C. Goggans,
ury Commissioners for Newberr:
County, S. C.
The Time to ACT is just NOW
The thing to DO is BUY
t one pound of Barring
ton Hal Coffee.
WILSON sells it under a posi
tive guarantee. Don't be led
to believe there is another
just as good.
is at Wilson's. No where else
in Newberry can you get the
Coffee that's Steel-cut. The
"Coffee without a regret.
If you want what you want
when you want it
;W. .0. WILSON,
CASE AFTER CASE.
r Plenty More Like Tbis In Newberry.
Scores of Newberry people can tell
t you about Doan's Kidney Pills.
t Many a happy citizen makes a public
statement of his experience. Here is
- a ease of it. What better proof of
, merit caini be had than such endorse
t 'ment 7
M. M. Graham, Newberry, S. C.,
says: "I used Doan's Kidney Pills
and they did me so much good that
I do not hesitate to recommend them.
My back ached, particularly at night
and I was often unable to sleep
A well. The pain seated itself across
i the small of my back and made it
impossible for me to assume amy
po sition that was comfortable. The
a kidney secretions contained sedi
ment and were so frequent in pass
age that I had to arise several times
at night. The various ~remedies I
tried, proved ,of no avail and I had
about givan up hope o~f ever being
cured when I heard of Doan's Kid
ney Pills. I procured a box at W.
E. Pelham & Son's Drug Store and
decided to try them, .although I did
not think they would help me. I
was agreeably surprised, however', as
they went directly to the cause .of
'my trouble and effected a cure. I
-have had no return of kidney comn
plain<t and believe that the credit is
due to Doan's-Ki'dney Pifl3."
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster--MilBurn Co., Buffalo,
\tew York, sole agents for the United
Remember the name-Doan's-!
-and take no other.
We will furnish a first-class barbe-i
cue at Fork's school house Friday,1
August 26. Every body invited, and
the candidates are urged to attend as
this is one of the most popular cam
paign places in the county.
At the Close of
I Condensed F1
-Loans and discounts $1
-Furniture and Fixtures
eOverdrafts secured and unse
e Bonds and Stocks
Cash and due frorn"Banks
YOU and SAI
The Fair and S
934 Main Street.
University of South Carolina.
Varied courses of study in Sci
Ence, Liberal Arts, Education, Civil
and Electrical Engineering and Law.
College fees, rooms, lights, etc.,
$26; Board $12 per month. For
bhose paying tuition, $4o additional.
The health and morals of the
students are the first consideration
of the faculty.
43 Teachers' scbola,-ships, worth
$158. For catalogue, write to
S. C. MITCHELL, Pres.,
Columbia, S. C.
H. B. WELLS' TRANSFER.
Raul Anytbing on Short Notice.
Dareful and Accommodating Drivers.
Koving Household Furniture a Spec
TOUR BUSINESS SOLICITED.
Office Phone No. 61
Residence Phone No. 9.
When the digestion is all right,'the
ction of the bowels regular, there is
a natural craving and relish for food.
When this is lacking you may know
that you need a dose of Chamber
la's Stomach and Liver Tablets.
they strengthen the digestive organs.
mprove the appetite and regulate the
owels. Sold by W. E. Pelham & Son.
SUMMER RATE SALE
Tese ar-e new and n bautifu mhogany
Soh eesecondand organ taken in ex
feited $9. organs fomn4 to $5
be made onay of teabov~ instrumens
Pianos and Organs FULLY WARRANTED.
Malone's Music House, Columbia, S.C.
the Business Nove
-om Report to State Bai
1,758.60 Notes and E
On Savingrs E
Phone No. 262
Took All His Money.
Often all a man earns goes to doc
tors or for medicines, to cure a stom
ach, Liver or Kidney trouble that Dr.
King's New Life Pills would quickly
cure at slight cost. Best for Dyspep
sia, Indigestion, Billiousness, 'Const
pation, Jaundice, Malaria and Debil
ity. 25c at W. E. Pelham & Son's.
NEWBERRY UNION STATION.
Arrival and Departure of Passenger
Trains-Effective 12.01 A. .
Sunday, July 17, 1910.
No. 15 for Greenville.. .. 8.51 a.
No. 18 for Columbia.. 11.57 a. m
No. I7 for Greenville.. . 2.48 p. m.
No.l16for Columbia .. ....8.55 p. m
C.N.& L. away.
*No. 22 for Columbia.. .. 8.47 a. m.
No. 52 for Greenville.. . .12.58 p. m.
No. 53 for Columbia.. .. 3.20 p. m.
*No. 21 for Laurens.. .. 7.25 p. m.
* Does not run on Sunday.
This time table sh.ows the times at~
which trains may be expected to de
part from this station, but their de
parture is not guaranteed and the
time shown is subject to change with
G. L. Robinson,
President Helps Orphans.
Hundreds of oi'phans - have been
helped by the President of the Indus
trial and Orphan's Home at Macon,
Ga., who writes: "We have used Elec
tric Bitters in this Institution for
nine years. It has proved a most ex
cellent medicine for Stomach, Liver
and Kidney troubles. We regard it
as one of the best family medicines
on earth." It invigorates all vital or
gans, purifies the blood, aids diges
tion, creates appetite. To strengthen
and build up pale, thin, weak chil
dren or rundown people it has no
equal. Best for, female complaints.
Only 50c. at W. E. Pelham & Son's.
'mber 16, 1909.
. $ 50,000.00
i E. NORNOOD,