Newspaper Page Text
E H. AULL, EDITOR.
Entered at the Postoffice at New
terry, S. C., as 2nd class matter.
Friday, September 23, 1910.
Ir the issue of the Abbeville Press
and Banner of September 21 Mr. Hugh
Wilson, formerly editor of that paper,
and still a valued contributor to it,
presents some interesting and valu
able facts as to the history of the Con
federacy and the part taken by Due
West in the great struggle of the six
ties. 'Mr. Wilson is an attractive writ
er, and he has made many valuable
contributions to the recorded history
of South Carolina.
The same articles also appear in the
Abbeville Medium of this week.
Oscar W. Babb, deputy clerk of court
of Laurens county, is being mention
ed as possible appointee for the office
of assistant adjutant general.-Colum
bia correspondence Augusta Chronicle.
Mr. Babb is captain of the Trayn
ham Guards, at Laurens. He is an
excellent gentleman and a fine mili
tary man, and no better selection could
The Augusta Chronicle began yes
terday the publication of a South
Carolina edition. The Chronicle is a
good and fair newspaper, and we wish
it mighty well in its new venture.
Who in this blessed, prosperous
county is not able to give one day's
work to support some orphan child?
There are about 1,000 orphan children
being educated and trained in South
Carolina institutions. Their officials
have asked all the people to give them
one day's work or its equivalent on
Saturday, September 24. Why can't
everybody lend a hand? One may send
id the institution of his own prefer
ence, as all are uniting in the plan.
Our people are able to do nobly and 1
we hope they will. .emng
Gov. Ansel has appointed Hon. J.
Wright Nash a member of the board of
regents for the hospital of the insane
to succeed the Hon. J. K. Glenn, de-1
One who reads the Georgia pa.pers.
* or the Georgia dispa+ches in other ga
pers is convinced that it's always
breaking loose in Georgia.
Col. Bryan bolted the Democratic
nominee for governor of Nebraska. We
* wonder what the Bryan fanatics who
* think a man must stick to every sen
tence in the platform to be a Democrat
will think of Col. Bryan's action.
Now that Newberry will soon be the
home of the governor, we are expect
ing to see that Pullman from Colum
bia to Atlanta put on by the C., N. &
L. and the Seaboard.
The election is over and we can all
enjoy the circus.
* School Finances in South Carolina. *
In the previous articles of this se
ries I have stated the opinion that a
more efficient system of supervision
is the first requisite to material ine
provement in the rural schools of
South Carolina. Without some im
provements in supervision additional
money spent on the rural schools 'nil
be largely wasted. With a better ecr
relation of the State and county sup
ervising agencies, with a county super
intendency removed from politics a!nd
provided with a salary sufficient to en
able the officer to give his whole time
to the interest of the schools, the next
Question to be considered is that of
The mere existence of a State sys
.tem of schools is a recognition of the
fact that the welfare of the whole
State is to be conserved only by pro
viding schools for all sections. Al
though the taxable wealth of the State
is largely centred in the cities, all
parts of the commonwealth have con
tributed to the production of this
wealth and the cities should, therefVore.
to some extent share in the taxation
for the maintenance of schools in the
poorer sections. In most States of the
Inte State this element is secured
by a State tax levied on all prop('rt.
alike and distributed among the
schools of the State on the basis of
school population. In South Carolina
there is no State tax apporticnpd
among all the schools but the distribu
tion of the dispensary profits, and since
the abolition of the State dispensary,
the appropriation under the Garris act
have introduced this desirable ele
ment into our financial system. The:
a;,propriation under the Garris act
should be continued and increased un
til a reasonable school term is assur
ed to every district in the State.
The constitutional basis of school
support in South Carolina is the three
mill tax. This is distributed among
the districts of the county in which it
is raised according to enrollment. The
constitution leaves to the legislature
the definition of the term enrollment
and that body has defined it as, "An!
attendance of at least ten school days
during the preceding scholastic year."
The third element in school support
is the special district levy which is
now becoming almost universal in
South Carolina. The special district
levy is dependent on the decison of
the voters and property owners of the
community in which the school is lo
cated. The money raised by this spe
cial tax is spent under the direction
of the local representatives of those
who pay the tax and for the support
of their local school. It is, in conse
quence, one of the most popular
forms of taxation in South Carolina.
Under the laws of the State a school
district may vote as high as eight mills
special tax, and through a special act
of the legislature at least one district
,r. the State levies a tax of 12 mills.
These three elements, State appro
priation, county levy, and district levy,
will, no doubt, continue to be the basis
of school support in this State. On
the theory that help should be given
only when people are willing to help
themselves the State aid under the
Garris act has been conditioned on the
rcting of a special tax by the district.
Phis is a principle founded on logic
Ind common sense.
It seems to me, however, that the
listribution of the constitutional coun
;y three mill tax might be modified to
;ecure better results. Various modes
)f distribution are in effect in the Unit
id States. Many of the States take a
special census each year of all chil
Iren of school age in the districts, and
Lppropriate the tax on this b-asis. This'
>lan has nothing to recommend it ex
~ept its simplicity. The funds Which
iave been raised by general county
axation should be distributed in a
flanner which will secure the best re,
sults in school attendance and school
afficiency. The district which makes
he best use of its appropriation should
'eceive most consideration. There is
1o reason why funds should be appro
priated to a district simply bedaued it
~as in it children Who are not in
schbel. 'Th& Iegislai;ure of South Caro
lina has to a certain extent recogniz
ed this principle, and has fixed ten,
days attendance as necessary to en
rollment. It seems to me that the
time has come to carry this principle
a little farther, and to use the county
tax as an instrument to develop school
efficiency. The efficiency of a school
can not be estimated by the number
of children who have attended it for
ten days. The object of the teacher,
should be not to obtain mere enroll
ment, but to secure the maximum
school term, the maximum regularity
in attendance, and the maximum pe
riod of attendance from the children
of the district. The trustees and pat
rons should have a greater incentive to
regular school attendance and a long
er school term. The natural method of
securing this result would be to divide
the proceeds of the constitutional tax
on the basis of the total days attend
ance at school in the various districts.
The adoption of such a basis would
give a pecuniary incentive to the
teachers, to the trustees, and to the
patrons not only to enroll their chil
dren in school, but to have them pre
sent every day during the session and
to continue the term for the longest
possible period. Since these elements
would depend largely upon the attrac
tiveness of the school, the personal
influence of the teacher, and the thor
oughness of the instruction, the adop
tion of the plan would furnish an in
centive to trustees to secure the.best
possible teacher. The resulting larger
basis of appropriation would justify
the board in paying her a larger sal
In the operation of this plan, how
ever, the city school by virtue of its
longer term would be given too decided
an advantage and the increased city
appropriation would materially crip
ple the rural schools. The plan should
bg. modified so as to conserve the de
sirable elements, and at the same time
place the city and the country school
on~ equal footing. The Garris act gives'
to any school which runs less than'
100 days on the regular school funds
the benefit of the State appropriation
for lengthening the school term.I
believe the time has come for us to fix
100 days as the standard school term
force of <
the one hi
but what I
fill a boo]
and so do
If you v
chase of fi
doors of 1
and go to
iouth Carolina. The basis of ap
rriation, in my opinion, should be
e months term, and the country
scoo running five months or more
old be placed on the same basis
he city school running nine
mnhs. The definition of enrollment
tocrrespond with this idea might be
ttd in substance as follows:
In schools which continue for 100
asor less, the enrollment shall be
h otal days attendance of all pupils
o he school term. When the school
ninues for more than 100 days, the
eolment shall be the total days at
nance of all pupils for the first 100
asof the term." I believe that the
otion of some such definition of en
roent would go far towards reliev
n he inequalities and correcting the
iswhich are so universally preval
tunder the present definition. As
Ihve stated in my previous articles,
hs suggestions are tentative, and I
sold be pleased to have them fully
dcssed by every one interested in
W. K. Tate.
tt Supervisor of Elementary Rural
Rub the Other Eye.
Nne persons out of every ten with
nder or any other foreign sub
stanei the eye wil instantly begin
working young man, a ma:
ircumstances was compell
the family expense accour
d recently in Newberry.
paid $20.00 foi
)ened to drop into our st(
ward and saw an identical
i had already bought.
Price was $15.
en this man knew all about
e didn't know about furnitu
d on some other man's j
you every time you buy fu
him $5.00 for Expe
ow ! Here's our argument
iill accept our judgment in
rniture and find that we d
are deal", why then, we'll
he biggest furniture store
peddling brass clocks for a]1
t over. And if you don'
d of the foregoing call at
:ome across with the proof.
ite Front Fun
to rub it with one hand while hunting
for a handkerchief with the other.
This is all wrong. The right way is
not to rub the eye with the cinder in
it, but to rub the other as vigorously
as you like.
A few months ago I was riding on
the engine of a last express. The
engineer threw open the front window
of the cab, and, I caught a cinder in
my eye, which gave me intense pain.
I began to rub the eye desperately,
when the engineer called to me:
"Let that eye alone and rub the oth
Thinking he was chaffing me, I only
rubbed the harder.
"I know the doctors think they
know it all, but they don't, and if you
will let that eye alone and work on
the other one you will soon have the
cinder out," shouted the engineer.
I did as he directed and soon felT
'the cinder down near the inner ca.a
thus and made ready to take it o It.
Let it alone and keep at the well
ey e," again shouted the engineer.
"I did- so for a minute longer, and
th, looking into a small glass the
engiect handed me, I saw the offen
de on my cheek. I have tried it many
times since, always with success."
a who by
d to look
>re a few
He Took the Blame.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
August Herrmann, the new grand
exalted ruler of the Elks, said at an
Elks' banquet in Detroit:
"The guilty man always gives him
self away, for like the chap who
bought the 40-cent bathing suit, he
can't hide his guilty conscience.
"The chap I have in mind entered
the water at Atlantic City in a 40-cent
suit of blue flannel. As he splashed
about he was joined by a girl friend.
The girl flashed her bright eyes over
the tumbling expanse of sea and then,
with a sigh of delight,, she said:
"Isn't the water blue today?'
"'It's shameful,' said the man, with
a hot blush; it's perfectly shameful
how this cheap bathing flannel
The Scotchman could not find his
ticket. On the conductor's second]
round it was still missing. "Whiat's
that in you mouth?" he asked. Sure
enough, there was the missing ticket.
The conductor punched it and went
his way. "Ah, we'el," said Sandy, in
reply to his fellow passengers' ban
ter. "I'm nae sae absent-minded as
ye wad think. Yon was a vera auld
ticket and I was jist sucken aff the~
X. . 4-A~
YO ARE. CORDIALLT
TO SEE THlE NEW
We know that you are
all interested, because
i mens to you High
Grade Clothes and at
These are the "lothes
eautiful" of the Clothes
World. Models for. every
form and figure and every
an's pocket book. Conie
hey cost no more' than the
I. L. Blaustein, Mgr.
:opeland Bros. Old Stand, Newberry, S. C
FIND AT ANNE 0. RUFF'
Wall Paper, worth 25c double
roll, for 15 cents roil.
Fine Stationery from 5 cents
to 60 cents box.
ablets from 1c to 25c each.
Fine Soaps, Perfumes and
Toilet Goods Cheap.
CIGARS and TOBACCI)
of the BEST Qualities
Wholesale and RetaiL
Don't forget to call on me for
good Bakers Bread.
I CAN SAVE YOU MONEY
on anything Ihave in stock
Anne O0. Ruff,
Herald and News Building.
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