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PLOWING WITH DTNAMITE. *
By C. B. Edwards, in Technical *
World Magazine. *
~** * * * ** * * * * ** ** *
J. Henry Caldwell, of Spartanburg,
N. C., is the first man to utilize com
mercial dynamite in plowing land.
Up to the present tire the soil has
been stirred or "broken" by means
of a turn plow. This common im
plement, drawn by one or two horses.
breaks the land only to a depth of
four or five inches, and this is in
sufficient for the clay soil of the com
pact sticky character which exists on
the large farm of Mr. Caldwell. The
toe of the plow moreover acts upon
the substrata of clay just as a plane
does on a plank. It smoothes or
dresses the clay and packs it eo that
it will hold water. When seasous of
heavy or excessive rair. are encoun
tered the plowed top soil floats off
and leaves the land devoid of the nec
essary plant food which the crop to
be grown must have. The result is
that more money must be spent in fer
tilizing the field, else by a plentiful
use of manure the land must in some
way be brought back to its former
condition of fertility. It has been
demonstrated that a farm such as Mr.
Caldwell's, which is located largely
over hard pan, can not be fertilized
to the extent that it should be. At
every unusual fall of moisture the
costly fertilizer will be washed off the
land on to that of a lucky neighbor.
In any event the fertilizer on such
land will only penetrate to a depth of
four or five inches, the hard pan ef
fectually preventing the further in
gress of fertilizer and making the
plant food available only to the sur
face roots of the crop grown. In or
der to overcome this difficulty and
allow the fertilizer to sink far in and
become a permanent reserve of plant
-.Lood in the soil, it is at once apparent
that the land must be broken to much
greater depths than is possible with
the ordinary plow. This is nothing
new, it is true, for the subsoil plow
has been used for many years back
and is a direct result of reasoning
along these lines.
But Mr. Caldwell has used a sub
soil plow on his land and declares
it totally unfit for use on clay or hard
'pan land. The subsoil plow is a heavy
T-shaped steel implement. In use,
the top part of the T goes along at
the intersection of the surface soil
with the subsoil and cuts the soil
at a dista'nce of about a foot from the
surface. The subsoil plow gives no
mixing movement to the under strata,
nor does it do more than simply give
the soil a slight ventilation. The sub
soil plow, on accoignt of the depth at
which it works, is also very hard on
men and horses and it is impossible
Sto plow over two acres a day in the
clay land on Mr.). Caldwiell's farm.
While the effects of subsoil plowing
were beneficial in a way and showed
results in a slight ,increase In crop
production, the result as a whole was
not satisfactory. When the subsoil
ing was done on clay land, Mr. Cald
well found that the subsoil plow
broke up the capillary attraction that
allowed plants to draw on the subsoil
in times of drouth, and in times of
rain the rain water would not pene
trate the clay land beyond the depth
of the subsoil plowing.
In view of these facts, Mr. Caldwell
drew the conclusion that the land
must be broken to a depth of four or
five feet to permit of the doing away
with terraces to prevent the wash
ing of the surface soil. He had ob
served that where stumps are pulled
or any deep excavation made and fill
ed, the land where such excava'tion
has been made grow much better
crops than the surrounding soil. The
crops over such spots did not wither
with drouth and in time of rain the
*surface soil with its valuable plant
food was not washed about. The ex
"I have had occasion to open graves
that have been dug for 50 years and
the earth is soft and permeable to the
bottom. I have opened old wells that
have been filled and could follow the
sides all the way down by the dif
ference in the. density of the soil. My
conclusions from these observations
was that clay once disturbed to a
depth of four feet will never pack to
its original condition, and for that rea
son will always bold its moisture and
plant food for the growth of crops.
"The cost of breaking land to this
depth has been the question horse
power can not be considered, the cost
of digging is prohibitive. It seemed
to me that the only key to the difficul
ty lay in the use of dynamite. I be
gan by exploding a stick of dynamite
in each of my watermelon hills, and
the resulting increase amounting to
33 per cent of the crop allowed me to
pay for the dynamite, and have an in
creased profit besides. I next tried
plowing a cotton field in the usual
manner, and after plowing, harrow it
thoroughly and charged two of it with
75 pounds of dynamite to the acre.
The dynamite cartridges were put two,
feet apart in rows marked with z
single shovel plow. The method- of
planting the cartridges was simple:
one man walked ahead with a crow
bar and stuck it into the ground about:
three feet; the man following affixed
a percussion cap to the stick of dyna
mite and two feet of fuse and stamped
into the hole with a rake handle, fin
ally leaving only the white fuse pro
truding. Incidentally the dynamite
used was of the strength ordinari"y
used for blasting stumps and is not
as costly as that used in rock quarries.
After the planting of the dynamite
charges a large crowd of the native
population gathered near the field of
operations 'to witness what they re
garded as the novel whim of one of
their most progressive farmers. The
negroes of the locality did not know
what to make of the proceedings and
locaked with awe upon the operations
calculated to wrench from nature tbe
productive crops she refused to yield
to their simple methods. The explod
ing of the charged field was not with
out its amusing side. Many of the
nearby neighbors, hearing that sev-1
eral hundred pounds of dynamite were
to be exploded, removed household be
longings and adjourned to their fur
thest premises, window frames were
taken out and the sheriff, instructed to
hold up the exploding of the charged
field, made a formal call upon Mr.
Caldwell to come to an agreement in
regard to the inevitable damages
which the neighbors felt sure would
In exploding the field, four rowsl
were set off at a time, one man going
rapidly down each row lighting fuses
with a red hot iron as he went. The
result was not unlike the setting off
of a great bunch of firecrackers. The
explosions came thick and fast and
both the sub and surface soils were
sent into the air in clouds, again fall
ing on the land in a powdery mist and
leaving periodical holes where the
cartridges were planted about four
and a half feet deep. In one case
where twelve rows were set off at the
same time the effect was quite awe
inspiring, the reports were blended
into a continuous roar and the row of
a dozen men lighting fuses were pur
sued by an ever risng wave of soil.
The danger to the men lighting the
fuses is trifling, as is shown by the
photographs of the operations.
After the charges are exploded the
field looks not unlike a great colan
der set with innumerable holes where
the charges of dynamite were sent,
and the~ soil is broken up into unusu
ally fine particles and well aerated.
Submerging of the Ego.
Back in his home city, in the blue
grass empire, says Brooklyn Life, they
love to tell some good stories of their
much honored John G. Carlisle and
those pleasant nights at the banquet
board illuminated with the scintillant
wit. Occasionally, too, the aftermath
of the banquet board comes in for a
share of reminiscence.
Two men of the bright coterie gath
ered about Senator -Carlisle in those
rare times will not 'soon be forgotten
in their section-one the aristocraticI
an big-brained Hamilton, the other'
the witty and irressistible Irish coun
selor and orator, Hallam.
With Carlisle, they made a trio of
cronies seldom matched. All lived on
Garrard avenue, and to this day the
older residents along that street re
call with tender reminiscent grins how
gallantly the three would oft escort
one another home in the hours "ayant
But one night (or morning?) there
was a strange perplexity. The bell of
the Carlisle residence kept ringing dis
tractedly. Neighbors peeped out, see
ing only the three familiars on the top
step. Wouldn't the latchkey work?
Finally an upper window opened
~and the madam, never overpatient with
this state of things, asked, in exas
"What is the matter down there?"
"Mrs. Carlisle," answered Hallam,
with a tongue rather less glib than
w:.s its wont, "we have brought home
"Oh, well," she returned, impatient
ly, "just stand him up in the doorway
and go on. I'll come and get him."
"We would gladly do it, madam," re
joined the Irishman, debonairely,
"Only-you will have to come down
and pick him out."
To Save Trouble.
Rafferty was about to be operated
upon for the fourth time for appendi
citis. The surgeons were all ready to1
begin as soon as the anaesthetic was
administered and stood about withI
their knives, needles and other parap
hernalia in readiness. The patient,
with the memory of other operations
fresh in his mind, asked if he could
make a suggestion.
"Certainly," said the doctor in
"Thin, doctor,' said Rafferty, "don't
ye think yez had better put me to
gether wid hooks and eyes this toime?"
Loans and Discounts
Furniture and Fixtures
Real Estate -
Overdrafts, Secured and
Cash on hand and with I
JNO. M. KINARD,
THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
By Frank M. Schumpert, Esquire,
WHEREAS, Annie Conwill made
suit to me, to grant her letters of ad
ministration of the estate of and
effects of D. S. Conwill,
THESE ARE THEREFORE to cite
and admonish all and singular the
kindred and creditors of the said D.
S. Conwill, deceased, that they be and
appear before me, in the Court of Pro
bate, to be held at Newberry, S. C., on
he 1st day of October next after pub
ication thereof, at 11 o'clock in the
forenoon, to show cause, if any they
ave, why the said administration
hould not be. granted.
IVEN under my hand, this 13th day
of September, Anno Domini, 1910.
Frank M. Schumpert,
J. P.N. C.
By virtue of authority given in a
hattel miortgage executed to R. C.
illiams by J. L. Bowles, December
0, 1908, and afterwards assigned to
he Exchange Bank of Newberry, S. C.,
nd recorded in Book 18 at page 585;
nd by authority of a chattel mortgage
xecuted by the J. L. Bowles Com
any to the Excha~nge Bank of New
erry, S. C., November 15, 1909, and
ecorded in BooK 24 at page 449; and
lso by authority of a chattel mort
age executed by the J. L. Bowles
ompany to the Exchange Bank of
ewerry, S. C., March 15, 1910, and
ecorded in Book 24 at page 463, the
xchange Bank of Newberry, S. C.,
ill sell at public auction in the
tore of the J. L. Bowles Company at
ewerry, S. C., October 3, 1910, at 10
clock a. in., all the stock of goods,
Terms of sale, cash.
he Exchange Bank of Newberry, S. C.
By H. L. Parr, President.
ares and merchandise of the J. L.
owles Company, together with all
tore fixtures, tools, iron safe and all
otes, accounts, mortgages, contracts
nd evidences of indebtedness owned
y the said company and all other per
onal property of whatever descrip
tion used in and about its business.
n inventory and schedule of the
roperty offered for sale can be seen
t the Exchange Bank on the day of
sale and prior thereto.
NTICE OF APPLICATION FOB
CHARTER FOR RAILROAD
Notice is hereby given that the un
ersigned will make application to the
Secretary of State at his office at Co
umbia, South Carolina, on the 8th day
f October, 1910, for a charter for
Georgia and Carolina Railway;" that
the proposed railway is to begin at
the town of Hamburg, in Aiken coun
ty, S. C., and to extend thence to the
town of Edgefield, and to go through
eriwether, Wise, Pickens and Elm
ood townships, in the county of
dgefield, thence to Saluda, S. C., and
to go through townships Numbers Six,
Four, Seven, Five and Three in Saluda
ounty, thence to the town of Newber
ry, and through Mendenhall, Number
Nine, Newberry Number One, Reeder
umber Five, Caldwell Number Two,
Cromer Number Four, Floyd Number.
Six and Monn inwnshing in Newberry
REPORT OF THE
the Close of Busines
Condensed from Report o
. - - $375,021.94
. . - 3,116.93
. . - 9,750.00
anks . - 35,553.86
401o Paid on Sa
The Bank That Alwa
O. B. I
county, to the town of Whitmire, and
thence to the city of Spartanburg, in
Spartanburg county in State of South
Carolina, to pass through Goshen Hill,
Cross Keys, Union and Bogansville
townships in Union county, and
through Glenn Springs, Pacolet, Fair
Forest, Spartanburg and Cross Anchor
townships in Spartanburg county.
Allen W. Jones.
Chas. 0. Howard.
A. E. Padgett.
G. R. Coffin.
Dated: September 5, 1910.
Of Registration For Municipal Elec-'
tion For the Town of Newberry.
Notice is hereby given that the books
of registration of voters for the Town
of Newberry, South Carolina, will be
opened at the office of the Chief of Po
lice, in the opera house, from the first
day of October until the 30th day of
November, 1910, both days Inclusive,
Sundays excepted, between the hours
of 9 o'clock in the forenoon and 5
o'clock in the afternoon. F. M. Lind
say has been appointed supervisor of
registration. Only such persons as
register as herein provided for shall
e allowed to vote at the regular town
election to be held on the 13th day of
December, 1910, and at special elec
tions held in the Town of Newberry
during the next 12 months.
The production of a certificate of
registration from the Board of Regis
tration of Newberry county .entitling
the applicant to vote In a polling pre
cinct within the incorporated limits of
the Town of Newberry, proof of his
residence within the limits of the
municipality for four months preced
ing the annual election for the year
1910, and the payment of all taxes
assessed against him due and collecti
ble for the previous fiscal year, are
necessary to entitle the applicant to
By order of the Town Council of the
Town of Newberry, S. C., on the 22nd
day of September, 1910.
COLE. L. BLEASE,
By the Mayor:
J. R. Scurry,
C. & T. T. C. N., S, C.
NOTICE OF ELECTION FOR MAYOR
AND ALDERMEN OF THE TOWN
Notice is hereby given that the reg
ular annual election for a Mayor and
five Aldermen, one Alderman for each
of the five wards, to serve for a term of
one year, will be held at the Council
Chamber, in the Opera House, in the
Town of Newberry, South Carolina, on
the second Tuesday in December, 1910,
being the 13th day of said month, the
polls to be opened at 8 o'clock in the
forenoon, and to close at 6 o'clock in
the afternoon. D. F. Pifer, A. C. Welch
and Alex. Singleton are appointed
managers of the said election.
By order of the Town Council of
Newberry, S. C., on this the 22nd day
of September, 1910.
COLE. L. BLEASE,
By the Mayor:
J. R. Scurry,
C. &. T. T. C. N., S. C.J
. CONDITION OF
s September 22, .19
Af State Bank Examiner.
Capital Stock - -
Surplus and Undivided Prc
Dividends Unpaid -
Cashier's Checks -
Bills Payable - -
Deposits - -
ys Treats You Right.
Takes great pleasur
people of Silver Stri
he is prepared as n(
them with the mosi
BUYS COHTON A
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Often all a man earns goes to doc
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re ndigestin 10lsiousness, Consti
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.Subscribe now for The Herald and
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