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TOL M- XLVIMI. NUMBB S5i. NEWBER~RY, SOUTH CAROLINA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 2.1, 1910.TWCAWEK$10AYA.
Organized in Newberry High School.
Starting Out Well-Something
About First Debate.
Mention has been made in The
Herald and News of the organization
0 two literary societies, one for the
young ladies and one for the young
gentlemen, in connection with the
Newberry high school. These socie
ties are for the purpose of training
and cultivating the pupils in the mat
ter of composition, debate and parlia
mentary usage. They will serve a
very excellent purpose if they are pro
-perly conducted and it is gratifying
to know that the members are already
taking very great interest. The study
of English and English composition
is not given the importance in any of
'our schools or colleges that it deserves
and, therefore, it is gratifying to know
these forward steps in the Newberry
A high school, and it will be a pleasure
to The Herald and News to encourage
the young men and the young women
in every effort that looks to the im
provement in English composition.
After the election of officers and
the organization of the societies, the
first meeting was held last Friday
afternoon and the young men went
right into the discussion of a live
and practical subject. The question
for debate at the meeting Friday was:
"Resolved, That the rapid growth of
American cities is detrimental to the
best interest of the nation."
The affirmative of the question was
maintained by Mr. W. G. Houseal, Jr.,
and as evidence that he had given
-some thoLght and preparation to the
-subject, The Herald and News is per
-nitted to present his argument in
favor of the side of the question es
poused by him.
The following is his argument:
The census returns which are now
being published show a remarkably
S-rapid growth in the population of
many American cities. By the rapid
growth of cities we mean a growth
that is greater than the natural in
crease. This means that some other
place, probably to a great extent the
country around, is being depopulated,
or that foreign countries are contri
.buting to this growth.
Agriculture is the backbone of a
, nation. It is the basis of all industry.
"A prosperous agricultural interest is
to a nation what good digestion is to a
man. All progress, national prosper
ity and individual existence depend
upon the tilling of the soil and its pro
per care." Any influence that works
.against the agricultural interests is
detrimental to the best interests of
the nation. When cities increase by
fo'reign immigrants and these people
are congested in cities it is not con
- ducive to national welfare. It is ire
quently impossible for a large num
ber of immigrants to find employment
in cities at once. Poverty, overcrowd
ing, and idleness is conducive to crime
and not good citizenshp. If the immi-.
grants would go to the country and
till the soil instead of crowding in
cities it would be for the best inter
~ests of the nation.
It is conceded by physicians and
scientists that the crowding of peo
ple in the houses of cities with lack
of fresh air and outdoor exercise
leads to bad health, bad morals and
Some one has said "the wealth of
a ration, the character of its people,
tin quality and permanence of its in
stitutions are all dependent upon a
so:>nd and sufficient agricultural
ft uindation; not armies or navies or
commerce or diversi:y of manufacture,
or anything other than the farm is
te anchor which will hold through
tae storms of time that sweep all else
The opposite side was maintained
~by Mr. Jas. Kinard and he presented
the following argument:
There has been. much discussion on
the problem of imn igration. The ar
rival of millions of foi g,aers in this
country every year is one of the chief
causes of the rapid increase in popu
lation of our big cities. Most of the
immigrants go to the cities to live,
but some few go to small farms to
live. Many very prominent men of
our country today are opposed to im
migration on the ground that the
~ reat majority of foreigners are too
lliterate and ignor.!m to be taught
kthe true principles of self-government
nd so they can ot be civilized as na
tive born Americans can be. They
further argue that nearly all the an
archists, and "blackmailers" are from
While these thing may be true, why
not look at the other side of the ques
tion? Some of the very best and
noblest men have sprung up from
foreign ancestors such as Scotch,
Irish, German, etc.
Why not put certain restrictions on
the immigrants coming into this
country? By these the undesirable
element would be cut out. Statistics
have shown that a large part of the
foreigners in this country has been
civilized and Christianized as well as
the Americans have been and are now
enjoying all the privileges of a citizen
of the United States.
The recent census taken by the gov
ernment shows a great increase in
the population of our largest cities
since the last census of 1900.
The population of New York was
found to be over 7,000,000. Chicago
ranks second with a population of 2,
185,283; New Bedford, Mass., 96,652.
and Birmingham, Ala., 132,685. This
remarkable increase in the population
of the United States shows that the
people are appreciating more and
more the advantages of the city over
the farm. There are various reason
1. The city has better educational
institutions than the rural districts.
2. The railroads entering a city fur
nish means of conveyance to and
from the city.
3. T-here are better streets in the
city than the rough roads through
The growth of the American cities,
though very rapid does not injure the
best interests and welfare of the
American people. This is what is
needed more than anything else to
make our United States the grandest
and most powerful nation on the
face of the globe.
The temperance unions, the civic
associations, and various other reli
gious organizations are making our
cities standards of purity and cleanli
ness which could be very well copied
by some of the European nations.
Our cities are growing annually in
wealth, power and commercial indus
If all the. citizens would get to
gether and pull together what a great
nation we would be! It's a plan well
worth trying and the first step toward
it is to better the city's interests as
well as the country's.
The Herald and News will be de
lighted to print items from both of
the societies of the high school and
is ready and willing to encourage
both societies in every way possible.
An Extraordinary Cast.
Manager George H. Brennan has
provided a remarkable company of
players for Thomas Dixon's new
drama, "The Sins of the Father,"
which will be presented here at the
opera house on Friday, October 28.
Among the principals are Mrs. Char
les G. Craig and Arthur J. Pickens,
the best black-face comedians in
America; Warren Conlan, the former
Shakespearean star; Ethel Wright
and Robert Barton, both -- ~hom
were in big New York prodn. .ns in
which they enacted leading roles. The
character of the octoroon, who plots
the mischief in the white man's fam
ily, is assumed by Lydia Knott. With
a cast filled with names 'like these,
"The Sins of the Father" will be the
real dramatic treat of the season.
An Anxious Time.
Mr. Broughton, the English artist,
while sketching in the Alps, was one
day in search of a suitable back
ground of dark pines for a picture he
had planned. He found at last the
precise situation he was seeking, and.
best of all, there happened to be a
pretty detail in the figure of an old
woman In the foreground.
"I asked the old lady," said Mr.
Brougbr on, "to remain seated until I
had made a sketch of her. She as
sented. but in a few minutes asked
me how long I should be. 'Only a
quarter of an hour,'I answered reas
"Three minutes or so later, she
again asked me-this time with mani
rest anxiety--if I should be much
"'Oh, not long,' I answered. 'But
why do you ask so anxiously?'
"'Oh. it's nothing,' she sadly an
-wed nly I'm sitting on an ant
THE CONON SCHOOLS.
Some Interesting Facts in Relation to
the Schools of Newberry From
Report of Supt. Wheeler.
Superintedent of Education J. S.
Wheeler has completed his statistical
and financial report of the condition
of the public schools of Newberry
county and has forwarded it to the
State superintendent of education.
Some interesting figures may be ob
tained from this report. The condi
tion of the public schools in Newberry
county has been very much improved
in the last few years and the schools
have been so conducted that it has
been possible to increase in many
cases the salary of the teachers and
run the schools for longer terms and
also to pay cash each month and
carry a balance. This report covers
the scholastic year from July 1, 1909,
to June 30, 1910.
There are a number of special
school districts In Newberry county
which levy supplementary tax for the
maintenance of the schools. The fol
lowing are the districts that levy an
extra tax, giving the number of mills
and the amount the levy raises:
Newberry, No. 1, 4 mills.. ..$8,795.95
Utopia, No. 10, 2 mills.. .. .. 141.56
Johnstone, No. 12, 3 mills. .. 484.10
Prosperity, No. 14, 2 mills.. 666.12
Big Creek, N.n. 20, ? mills.. . 93.24
Pomaria, No. , 1-2 mill... 46.80
Little Mountain, No 30, 3 mills 196.51
Excelsior, No. 35, 2 mills.. 200.61
Chappells, No. 39, 2 mills.. 415.23
Whitmire, No. 52, 2 mills.... 966.17
Zion, No. 56, 2 mills. ..... .67.09
The twelve districts raised a total
of $12,073.38, in addition to the regu
lar 3 mills constitutional tax.
The total amount paid for teachers
and all other expenditures in
the county is $41,438.59, and the
county carries a balance of $10,071.57.
Of this amount the white schools re
ceived a total of $33,816.05; negro
$7,628.58. The average annual salary
paid to the men teachers, white, is
$483.32; negro, $126,59. The average
salary paid women teachers was
$300.87, and $104.87, negro. The white
teachers in the county received a total
of $30,234.80 as against $7,316.25 to
the negro teachers.
In addition to the amount paid for
teachers, there was several thousand
dollars expenditure for repairs to
school buildings and for incidentals
The proportion of women to men
teachers among the whites is' much
larger than of women to men among
the negroes. For instance, the total
salary paid to men teachers amounts
to $6,766.46, and to the women $23,
468.34 for the whites, and $2,911.50
for the men and $4,404.75 for the
women for the negroes.
For'furniture and apparatus for the
schools, there was a total expenditure
of $7,627.50. The average number of
weeks for the town schools for the
whites was 32 and for the country 24.
The average for the county 28 weeks.
The total value of school houses and
grounds is put down at $52,479.99 for
the whites and $6,931.34 for the neg
roes. The average number of weeks for
the negro schools in the town is put
down at 19 and in the country, 15.
The total attendance upon the white
schools is put down at 2,728, and the
to'al attendance upon the negro
schools is 5,329.
During the year ending June 30,
1910, Johnstone academy, No. 12 voted
off the special tax of three mills, and
Trinity, No. 45, voted on a tax of two
The schools in this county are in
much better condition than they have
been in some years and more interest
is being taken in the cause of educa
Mfaking Liquor The Issue.
The contest for the speakership in
the house of representatives between
the Hon. M. L. Smith, of Kershaw, Dr.
Olin Sawyer, of Georgetown, and Dr.
Wyche, of Newberry, is growing quite
interesting. The effort is already be
ing made to draw the lines on the lo
cal option and prohibition issue.
There seems to be no getting rid of
the liquor question, and the qualifi
cations of the candidates for prac:i
cally all offices and positions of honor
are subordinated to this one issue. In
some counties they have even elected
uperintendents of education on the li
,uor question, and zhat was about th
imt of poliia fanli5 hne-Sumt n
MR. DIXON'S WORKSHOP.
Word Picture of Playwright Who
Wrote "The Sins of the
In the upper part of New York City,
near the Hispanic Museum and the
park where the naturalist Audubon
made the first collection of American
birds, is a roadway leading off into
green fields. On a crest overlooking
the Hudson river to the west and fac
ing a tangle of wild woodland to the
east, stands the home of Thomas
Dixon. Here he wrote "The Sins of
the Father," which will be produced
at the opera house on Friday, October
It is characteristic of the Southern
author's love of Nature that he chose
so un-cityfied a spot for his dwelling.
Only three blocks away are the bee
hives of New York, the great apart
ment houses accommodating fifty to
a hundred families to a building. The
under ground trains roar and rumble
just out of hearing. To the midnight
worker on the lone hilltop the only
sounds are the night. voices of owls
and crickets or the occasional blast of
tug and steamboat passing up or
down the river.
Mr. Dixon gets home at 6 o'clock in
the evening. After dinner he pilots
his high-power limousine for a fif
teen-mile spin along the Riverside
Drive. At 8 p. m. he is at his desk.
Mrs. Harriet Bussey Dixon, a devoted
helpmeet,is his amanuensis. There is
no time limit to the labor of composi
tion. When Mrs. Dixon becomes
sleepy or fatigued, she retires to her
room; but the playwright works on
and on forging into words the brain
Images that demand expression until
a 'godly pile of manuscript has been
heaped up and the graying dawn gives
the signal for bed.
The author sleeps soundly until 10
o'clock, has breakfast, reads his mail.
and then goes to his downtown studio
which he reaches at noon. The studio
is as characteristically Southern as
the home. It consists of two large
rooms atop an old-fashioned office
building, in the publishing house dis
trict. They face South, and the sun
floods them light and cheer on bright
afternoons. Here Mr. Dixon receives
visitors, correc,s the manuscript of
the night before, and plans out the
subsequent scenes of the play.
Endowed with a rugged constitu
tion and requiring no stimulant of
narcotic or liquor to drive him, the
playwright works twelve or fourteen
hours daily. He formed the habit of
night writing while pastor of the
People's Baptist church across the
way from his present studio. In the
mood, Mr. Dixon is capable of ex
tremely rapid compositions For ex
ample, the first draft of "The Sins of
'the Father" was completed in twelve
days. Weeks and months were after
wards occupied in the labor of polish
ing and revision, but the entire
scheme of the play came, as it were.
In appearance Mr. Dixon has chang
ed very little from the tall, striking
figure, wIth strongly chiselled fea
tures and steel-gray hair, that South
ern audiences know so well. As his
tasks have piled up and the dena-ids
of puolishiers and theatrical managers
for his plays and novels have b'ec.i1e
unceasing, he Is seen less fr.eat.uy
in public than he was a few years ago.
U.e * * * * * S * * * *
* THE LAYMEN'S JOB. *
* By Rev. J. B. Branch. *
* * * * * * * * * * * *
The raising of the proposed endow
me~nt of $150,000 for the Thornwell
orphanage on the 9th of December is
a .job for the laymen for two reasons:
1. They will be donors largely. 2.
The good friends of the orphanage in
Darlington county took the mat-er
out of the hands of the church so far
as their part was concerned and rais
ed as their share of the $150,000 the
sum of $2,000. Their share would
oroperly have been $1,200 for there
are only 400 Presbyterians in that
coun:y, but they added $800 to that
~or good measure, and it was the kind
of good measure that helps the or
Thanage and that the orphanage ap
We are going to ask laymen in all
)ur churches on the 9th day of De
'omber to nass a suheeriptionl list a'nd
d .argm enhbscriptions as possible
for the orphanage endowment. We
believe that the Presbyteihians are
going to swell the endowment fund
that day. We are needing it badly.
It takes $12,000 a year to pay the
salaries and take care of the repairs
and insurance of the orphanage. Dr.
Jacobs has to raise that sum every
year along with the sum for the sup
port fund. It is hoped that we will
be able to raise the '$150,000 that will
be needed in order to pay these run
ning expenses. The support of the
children will ever remain on the heart
of the church.
Plans are being pushed to get lay
men in every congregation interested
so that they will go forth that day of
the 9th of December and see their
friends and neighbors for the endow
ment. We nope that it will be push
ed with vigor. We have a great many
friends and they are going to stand
by us now. Also we wish to get that
$5,000 offered by the Atlanta friend,
who expects us to secure $20,000 by
the last of the year, when he will give
us the amount he offers. That must
not get away from us.
Remember that the 9th of Decem
ber is Thornwell Orphanage Endow
First Fox Hunt of Season.
Mr. L. W. Floyd asked three or four
of his city friends to come up to his
plantation and go on a fox hunt with
him. Messrs. L. W. Floyd, H. H. E.,
N. G., H. H. A. and E. M. E., expect
ing a fine race, went up to the planta
tion Sabbath evening and after a good
supper retired early in order that
they might have a good night's rest
and get an early start Monday morn
ing. At day-break, after eating their
breakfast, the hunters started out on
their hunt on horseback. After they
had ridden about a mile one of the
dogs began barking, but Mr. Floyd
told the boys to be quiet that the dog
was young and it might only be a rab
bit that he was chasing, but that if
the old dogs joined in the chase for
them to exercise their lungs to their
hearts' content as the old dogs would
not run a rabbit. Presently all the
dogs joined in the chase. Mr. P. A.
and Mr. H. H. E. followed the dogs
while the rest of the party rode about
a mile to the public road to see Mr.
P. A. and Mr. H. H. E. chase the fox
across the road.
Mr. P. A. and Mr. H. H. E., while
in the chase, came to a very muddy
cow-path across a branch. Mr. P. A.
went first and succeeded to get across
the mud hole all right, but when Mr.
H. H. E. tried to cross his girth gave
way and he and his saddle slid off in
the mud and water. After getting out
of the mud and getting things ready
to start again, it was found that the
dogs were gone, so they started in the
direction 'of the road to see if they
could hear anything of them.
Mr. Floyd and his party reached the
road ahead of tha dogs, but the dogs
soon came in full chase, but instead
of seeing the fox as they expected,
they saw only a big hog. As soon as
they could stop the dogs from chas
ing the hog, they began to look around
for Mr. P. A. and Mr. H. H. E., who
soon came up, and when asked where
they had been, Mr. P. A. told them
that Mr. H. H. E. had been in the
branch trying to make a Bap:ist of
himself. Now, if you do not want
t feel that left hand ot H. H. E.'s
you had better not mention his be
coming a Baptist in the mud hole or
the chase after the hog.
Thus ended Mr. Floyd's first fox
A Poser for the Preacher.
A clergyman, who enjoyed the sub
stantial benefits of a fine farm, was
slightly taken down on one occasion
by his Irish plowman, who was sit
ting on his plow in the wheat field.
The reverend gentleman, being an
conomist, said, with great serious
"John, wouldn't it be a good plan
for you to have a pair of pruning
shears here and be cutting a few
brushes along the fence while the
horses are resting a short time?"
John considered a moment, and
"Look here: Wouldn't it be well,
sir, for, you to have a tub of potatoes
in the pulpit and while they were
singing to peel 'em a while to be
JA k.adyr the not ?"-San Francisce.
* CLEMSON EXTENSION WORK. *
Article 22. *
Realizing the need of industrial
education, the State board placed the
subject of agriculture in the public
school curriculum. The good to be
derived from this step can not, at
this early date, be estimated. The
average child, when it enters school,
knows more about agriculture than
any other profession, and most of
them go back (to this calling when
they hafe finished the public school
course and the sad part is, they go
back little better fitted to carry on
their work than when they entered
schoc. They have their minds filled
with facts about almost every con
ceivable subject except the important
one, the one by which they are to
derive a living.
The interest in the teaching of ag
riculture is but a part of a much larg
er question, the movement for teach
ing by means of things that have come
within the student's experience, and
for teaching something that will be
of some material use to the student
when school days are over. Unless
our education is of some practical
use, time is ill spent in obtaining it.
When the subject was placed in the
public school course, very few of the
teachers were prepared to teach it
since %their training had not included
it. Realizing the state of affairs, the
trustees of Clemson college created
the position of rural school agricul
turist. The work of this position is
to assist the teacher in any way pos
sible in presenting the subject of ag
riculture to the pupil. This is done
by cooperating with the teacher, vis
iting the school at regular intervals,
and giving help by suggestions or any
other way by which the subject may
be presented to the pupil in a helpful
manner. The plan at present is to
select a few schools in different sec
tions of the State, and visit each of
these once a month, staying a day
or two days if necessary and work
with both teacher and pupils. It will
not be possible for one man to work
with all 'the schools of the State, but
by working with as many as possible
in different sectins, others may profit
by the work of those visited. Since
the principal thing in teaching is to
keep the pupil interested (for if we
can keep the interest up, the process
of obtaining the knowledgb will fol
low naturally), the visits to tha
schools will be to work with the pu
pils as well as the teacher. This work
with the pupil will be of different na
ture as circums'ances differ. With
some, clubs of an agricultural nature
wll be organized and prizes awarded.
With others contests of different na
ture will be given, as for instance,
corn judging contests. With still
others, reading courses will be given,
and essays written by the pupil on
The underlying reason why such
teaching is desirable is because it
brings the school in touch with the
home life. As Mr. Warren of Cornell
says, "The teaching of agriculture
will make better farmers, who will
make more money," and it is only by
this means that we can build up our
schools and make our country life
what it should be-the most pleasant,
profitable, and independent of all
Since it will not be possible, as
above stated, to visit all the schoo'Is
of the State, it will be necessary for
the teacher, or any one interested, to
make application for the work. This
can be done by writing the superin
tendent of the extension work, Clem
son College, S. C., as this work is di
rectly under the extension division.
C. B. Haddon,
Rural School Agriculturist, Clemson
College, S. C.
Agreed at Last.
Tom-Had any scraps with your
Dick-No, we're great friends now.
Dick-We've broken off our engage
ment.-Catholic Stanard and Times.
Took Big Chances.
"After all, a man who marries takes
a big chance." '"You're right. I have
a friend who contracted a severe case
of hay fever immediately after he had
nar.~da g rnas widow.