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VOLUM E X I X- N-M ER TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 1911. NEW BERRY, SOUTH CAROL A q 3
Thirteenth Census Gives City 5,028 In
habitants-Now for an Accurate
A special dispatch to The Herald and
News from E. Dana Durand, director
of the census, Washington, yesterday
afternoon, is to the effect that the thir
teenth census recently taken by- the
governme4t for the year 1910 gives the
city of Newberry a population of 5,028.
The census of 1900 gave the city a
population e 4,607, which makes the
increase slightly over 9.1 per cent.
- -There is hardly any doubt that at a
,6servative estimate Newberry has at
-least a thousand more inihabltants
.than the thirteenth census gives the
city credit for. Now it is up to the
city to take a census, accurately and
-carefully, and then ask the govern
ment for a correotion. The figures of
the thirteenth census do not do jus
tice to the town.
- This is a matter which might well
-engage the attention of the chamber
of commerce and of city council and
the business men of the city generally.
The census of 1900, it has been gen
erally re'ilized and conceded, did the
city an injustice, but even on the bas
is of the figures at that time the growth
Us been considerably more than an
increase of only 421 people.
Tolneldnces In Inquest Records.
'Several days ago it was stated im
-The Herald and News that Coroner
W. E. Felker had held twenty inquests
-during the year 1910--the same num
ber held by Coroner Felker the pre
-eding year. Another coincidence is
that the first inquest held by CoroneT
Felker this. year was on January 2
the same.date as the first inquest held
'by him during 1910-.
TROHIBITION MAY BE REPEALED.
An Effort to This End Wil be Made
in Alabama Legislature--Fight
~Montgomery, Ala.., Jan. 8.-3|Llthough
the legislature of Alabama does not
meet in regular quadreinnial sessionl
-until Tuesday, -the .members of the
body are nearly all here pieparing~
for the opening. The caucuses of the
house and s'enate to select the officers
will be held tomorrow night. There
'are only one Repwblican senator and
two Republican representatives. The
5ontests for the speakersbip of the
-ose and for the presidency of the
senate are close and uncer.tain. Five
enators are seeking the latter and
four members of the house the former.
'An effort will be made, it is believed,
to repeal the prohibition laws'. Go,v.
elect O'Neal will recommnend a,-returnl
-to the policy of local opti and the
carrying out of the platf, m on which
e was elected. However, there is a
-strong prohibition fiction in the leg
islature and the repeal of the laws is
n'ot assured, though it is generally be
lieved they 'will be.
OPENfS NEW OFFICE.
*CeciI C. Wyche Severs Connee
tions With Former Governor
.Cecil C. Wyche, a rising young
ey, has severed 'his connections
h Former Goveronr John Gary
vans, with whom he has been asso
ciated for a year and a half, and has
opened a new offce in the Harris
building on North Church street, where
he will conduct a general practice.
Mr. Wyche is a son of Dr. C. T.
Wyche, of Newberry, a memiber of the
legislature, and is a nephew of Judge
T. S. Sease. He is a graduate of the
Citadel and studied law at Georgetown
university. Later he was private sec
retary to Former Senator Frank B.
ary. He has been in Spartanburg
'about a year and a half..
Many great men made themselves
great by doing things for others. The
Herald and News piano is absolutely
free so make yourself a great man,
by assis ing your candidate in getting
SCHOOL BOARD MEETS.
Organization of New Board-Report
of Supt. Henry Lee Dean for
The first meeting of the new school
board of trustees was held in the sup
erinten-let's office in the h'rb s.hc-i
Every memtber of the board was pres
ent, and unity and enthusiasm charac
terized the entire meeting. All meet
ings of the board hereafter will be
opened with prayer.
Mr. Otto Klettner was unanimously
elected chairman; Mr. J. M. Davis,
vice chairman, Mr. Henry Lee Dean
secretary, and Mr. J. H. Wicker treas
The following committees were ap
Committee on finance-W. A. Mc
Swain, J. H. Wicker, Dr. Van Smith.
Committee on rules and courses of
'study-Dr. Van Smith, W. A. Mc
Swain, J. M. Davis.
ComAittee on school buildings and
property-J. H. Wicker, J. M. Davis,
Dr. Van Smith.
Committee on supplies-J. M. Davis,
J. H. Wicker.
General Report of Superintendent for
Many towns both lay claim to and
receive much praise for what they do
not really possess. When pressed for
a confidential explanation of unfound
ed claims, they answer that a town
must advertise if it is to grow. There
are a few towns, on the other hand,
which do not receive due recognition
for the things in which they excel. One
of the things which Newberry does not
receive full credit for is the physical
equIpment 'of her graded schools. It
is not generally known that no town
in the State has a system of graded
schools more suited to its needs than
has this city.- Forty thousand dollars
of Improvements hias brought the phy
sical equipment of our schools to the
very forefront. We have not yet got
all the improvements we need, but we
have got enough to be infinitely proud
of. The wisdom in the location and
design of the different buildings will
become more manifest with coming
Nor is the physical equipment of the
schools all that our citizens are justi
fied in being proud of. Many of our
teachers a.re among the best; and in
several instances they have refused to
acecep)t positions carrying larger sal
aries than they are receiving. The
whole teaching force seems to be en
thusastically united in a determina
tion to make our schools equal to the
- The discipline of the schools is cer
tainly all that can be desired. While
the nuTmber of corporal pun-ishments
has been exceedingly small, other
means have been used to exact the
strictest discipline; and we have re
peatedly not only inv'ited, but urged,
visitors to come to the schools, and
see how the schools are managed or
the class of work done. The percen
tage of visitors is gradually increas
ing. We are proud of the conduct of
our pupils, whether they are in the
class rooms, the halls or on the play
grounds. Not a single fight has oc
curred on the school grounds during
the year. This is probably due to the.
act .that each teacher is required to
be on the school grounds during all
the recesses when the weather is fit.
Order in the school room is also ini
proved from the fact that no child is
allowed to be kept in at recess. He
may be kept in after of the close of
Our patrons have been very fair and
reasonabl9 in all their requests, and
whenever rt was possible these re
quests were granted.
The work in the schools is appeal
ing to a large number of parents liv
ing in the country, and we nlow have
seventy 'tuition-paying students in the
Reports are generaly optimistic;
but the above statements are not an
exaggeration of existing facts.
As has been already said, we have
not got all the improvements we need,
and when the proper time comes I
shall have a few recommendation to
make to the board.
In conclusion I wish to say that I
believe a thorough investigation of the
schools will reveal the fact that every
department is in a healthy condition,
and that the work being done merits
the surpport of our citizens.
A frw statistics are appended.
Total number of pupls enrolled
in all the schools .... .... ..1012
Average daily attendance for the
last month .........--.-.-911
Average scholarship for the four
white schools .. .. .... .. .. .83
Average daily attendance in white
Per cent of attendance in white
Number enrolled in white schools. 569
Number of tardies in white
schools since opening .. .. ... 87
Number of tardies in colored
school since opening .. .. .... 107
Number of corporal punishments
in white schools since opening. 5
Number of corporal punishments
In colored schools since opening. 73
Number enrolled in Hoge school . 443
Per cent of attendance .......84
Average scholarship in Hoge
school 78.... ...... - 8
Number of tuition-paying students
in all the schools .. .. .. .... 70
Amount due per month .. .. ..$119.00
There has been one suspension in
the white schools.
Seven students have been promoted
during the year; two.from the Gram
mabr schools and five from the HigIL
Henry Lee Dean,
NATIONAL CORN EXPOSITION.
Rutherford P. Hayes, of Asheville,
Launches Campaign to Bring Next
Annual Meeting to Columbia.
Columbia, Jan. 7.-Launched by Mr.
Rutherford P. Hayes, of Asheville, son
of the late President Rutherford B.
Hayes, a campaign to have the next
annual meeting of the National Corn
association held in Columbia was tak
en up with great enthusiasm today by
Mr. A. D. Hudson, of Newberry, presi
dent of the South Carolina Corn Breed
ers' association, and also head of the
South Atlantic Corn exposition held
-Mr. Hudson has the hearty co-op
eration of Commissioner Watson and
-the Columbia chamber of commerce.
The general assembly, at the meeting
Tuesday, will be asked to laend to the
project the weight of its endorsement.
To present the invitation and to
press homne Columbia's invitation, a
larg~e party of delegates from both
Carolinas will go to the annual con
vention to be held January 30 to Feb
ruary 12 in Columbus, 0. The party
will include Mr. A. D. Hudson', Mr.
Hayes and Prof. I. 0. Schaub, of Ral
eigh, the last-named being director of
the extension work of the North Caro
lina Agricultural and Mechanical col
An Interesting Relic.
One of the most interesting Mexican
war relics in the city is the chart
printed du-ring the war and showing
the personnel of the Palmetto regi
ment and other Interesting facts, one
of the very few in existence, present
ed tothe Y. M. C. A. byMiss Carrie
Sodly, of this city.
The roll of the Palmetto regiment as
it went into battle at Vera Cruz In
March, 1847, occupies the middle and
isge part of the chart. Two flags car
'tied by the regiment are shown.in the
Several famous sayings of South
Carolina offcers d'uring the war are.
given. Among them are the words of
Lieutenant Clark just before he met
his death, "Stand their fire at all 'haz
ards-remember where you are from"
and those of Colonel Butler, who com
manded the regiment, to General
Shields, "There is not a South Caro
linian who will not follow you to
Boyvs, get busy, help your favorite
kotestant secure su.bscri.ptions for
The Herald and News. She war :s the
beautiful "Cote piano," and with your
help will win.1
"He is always worrying when he
lends a sum on interest, yet he never
lends to any but responsible friends."
"Then he is a paradoxical finan
"What do you mean?"
"That he never' lends money but
he borrows trouble."
RED MEN OFFICERS.
[nstallation on Last Thursday Night.
Delegates Elected to Great
At the regular meeting of Bergell
rlbe, No. 24, Improved Order of Red
Ven, held on Thursday night, the fol
owing officers were installed:
Prophet-Jno. K. Aull.
Sachem-Jno. Henry. Chappell.
Senior Sagamore-T. B. Kibler.
Junior Sagamore-J. H. Baxter.
Chief of Records and Collector of
Keeper of Wampum-P. F. Baxter.
First Sannap-I. M. Sligh.
Second Sannap-J. E. Franklin.
First Scout-J. C. Burch.
Second Scout-L. S. Derrick.
First Warrior-L. R. Jone.
Second Warrior-Will Franklin.
Third Warrior-J. Claude Dominick.
Fourth Warrior-T. P. Wicker.
First Brave-J. 0. Havird.
Second Brave-C. A. Cameron.
Third Brave-R. L. Neel.
-Fourth Brave-J. B. McCollum.
Guard of the Forest-James Cald
Guard of the Wigwam-John Epting.
The following past sachems were
,hosen representatives to the great
ouncil of South 0arolina: Jno. K.
ull, B. B. Leitzsey, E. H. Aull, R. P.
pyranklin, 0. 0. Smith, B. 0. Epting
and J. M. Taylor. Past Sachems J. L.
Williams, E. L. Rodelsperger, and W.
B. Johnson,. of the degree team, will
5e sent by the tribe. Great Sachem
Dtto Klettner, Great Representative
Dole. L. Blease, Greqt Michewana C. G.
Blease and .District Deputy 0. S.
3oree are members of the great coun-,
il, of course.
The jnwrease in the membership of
thle tribe bas been considerable during
the past year. The following are ex
pected to present themselves at the
next meeting, Thursday night, Jann
ary 12, in Klett-ner's hall, at 8 o'clock,
for adoption. . They will hereby con
sider themselves duly notified to ap
pear: Tom Grant, M. E. Thomas, Joe
Quattlebaum, Geo. E. Kinard, Geo.
Suber, William Folk, J. E. Boozer, Pink
Long, Raliph Mills, Jim Crowder,
Frank Crowder, J. B. Coates, R. V.
Coates, C. W. Long, W. E. Neel, W. M.
S * * * * * * * *.* * * * * * * *
* CLEMSON EXTENSION WORK. *
S ...- *
'* Feeding Beef Cattle.-Article 29. *
S * * * * * * * * * * * * *
One of the most important industries
at present being developed in the State
s the extensive feeding of beef cattle
n the large cotton plantations. The
lbject in feeding these cattle is to se
mre fertilizer for the farm at a mini
[num cost and to permanently increase
the fertility of the soil and improve its
physical conditions which can not be
one with commercial fertilizers. At
he same time these cattle furnish a
profitable market for cheap rough
!orage which would otherwise have lit
By exchanging cotton seed for meal
-to be fed-and selling .only the lint
and oil which contain no fertility, the
farmer is enabled to return to the soil
all the fertility taken from it and
thus maintain its fertility and pro
uctiveness. On visiting the farmers
who are feeding cattle this winter we
1nd that with mrany of them this is an
entirely new industry and that some
erious mistakes have been made.
The cattle were nearly all bought
in Tennessee and North Carolina. The
buyers in many cases taking the
weights of the dealers without seeing
the cattle weighed and in many cases
the cattle were weighed full of water
and feed, and as a consequence suffer
ad an excessively heavy shrinkage in
weight in transit. The prevention of
Lhis unnecessary loss would in many
instances have meant a fair profit In
!eeding. In buying cattle that have
iot been driven a long distance it is
ustomary to weigh them after having
been kept in a dry lot without feed or
water for twelve hours, or deduct
three per cent. from the weights.
Many farmers contracted for cattle of
lefinite weights without sufficient re
gard for quality or condition and ob
baned animals of poor breeding and
undesirable conformation and too thin
t finish in the time they esire to
reed them. While it is desirable to
u,' havy catle when feeding cotton
A Change in I
Several Five Years Subscr
ing Up Many Thousa
This week the voting has - taken on
i new phase. It is just like a game
)f checkers--first one leads, then an
Miss Annie Koon goes 'bacec to first
place this time. She is evidently tired
Af having some one else lead and is
voing to try and see how she likes it.
Wiss Ellen Werts is second and Mrs.
Dominick third, both are doing splen
lid work. From the progress Miss
ate Hargrove and Miss Joe Cald
well are making, it is simply out of
the question to say -what they will do.
efore very long. The kontestants
we a great deal to their friends who
ire working so earnestly in their be
ialf-many admiring friends and ac
juaintances come forward, unsolicit
5d, with subscriptions from themselves
%nd frien;ds-and sek to have their
Davorif . credited with these votes.
On Tuesday at 5 p. m. the winner
Af.the 10,000 bonus votes (for the most
Iew yearly subscriptions) will be
known and Published in FrIday's is
ue. These bonus votes are received
with much favor as they give those be
Und a good chance to catch up with
Monday Is Double Xote Day.
Double vote day is an entirely new
eatura and sure to meet .with much
interest and success. Those fortunate
enough to be in this great cotest
should take advantage of this excep
tional offer. Every new one year's sub
scription sent in on Monday gives you
loubIe votes, so get busy, do not miss
seeing orcalling up every body you
know within miles and miles around,
.nd 4ee.ing hi- or her subscriptions
for seve:al years to come. You bet
those who are getting The Herald and
Nebs now for the first time are asking
themselves over and over how on earth
id I ever get along without this won
seed meal, qu'ality and scondition are of
more im1portancAe, as thefyare the chief
actors in determinhing the price of
!at cattle. Cattle for feeding should
b of the broad smooth backed, blocky
type and oarry sufficient flesh to finish
well on cotton seed meal in about one
tundred days, making a gain of about
two pounds per day.
The twriter also noticed that many
armers had purchased discolored and
damaged cotton seed meal, made
Largely from heated seed. This meal
is totally unfit for- feeding purposes
a,nd is likely to cause serious injury to
the cattle and loss to the owner. It
is most unfortunate that some manu
acturers are selling damaged meal
for feeding purposes, as it is not only
a~ violation of the State pure food law,
but is one of the surest ways of de
troying an industry that they should
be as much interested as the farmers
In many instances farmers ar'e hous
ing the cattle in stables that are too
smiall and poorly ventilated. The ideal
way of handling cattle in the sandy
Land seotions of the State is to feed
utside in the fields where the fertiliz
e-r is required, fencing five to ten acres
a,t a time and moving the feed troughs
Any buildings provided for beef cat
ble in this State should be merely to
keep them dry and not to keep them
warm. Each steer will require about
15 square feet of s'paoe in the stable
md two feet of trough room.
It is important that the stable be
ept well bedded with straw, corn
stover or other roughage at all times
o make the cattle comfortable and
3.bsorb the urine whio~h contains prac
tically all of the nitrogen excreted, and
is the most valuable part of the ferti
lizer. Cattle that are kept in filthy
stables or yards where they can not
rest comfortably (vill not increase im
iesh and do well no matter how well
'ey are fed.
Some farmers have made the mis
re Koon Leads
16th to Be Double
ptions Coming In and Roll
nd Votes for Contest
derfuLy progressive and newsy pap.
By subseribing now you will not only
make yc arself happy but a fiir con
The Herald and News subhription -
campaign. and voting contest has mot
with great success and en
!rcm the l eginning, and continue t
grow more in favor each day. 'he
entire comMunity is deeply interest
ed in the/,popular candidates and ther
Is no end to the keen exctement that
is afloat, for this kontest is-beig ou
ducted by the American' Music CO
pany, of Jacksonville, Fla., who h
a great reputation in this bufes Y
and they have on the groundMrfS. Efaa.
Morris, whose presence. insures at
thusastic and fair kontest
Standfig of Rontestant
Miss Annie Koon..........1559
Kinardsq S C
Mrs. Dominick........... 4
Prosperity, S. C.
Chappells, S. C -~ *
ise Julia Smith...-52,58
Xewberry, S. C.
Miss Annie Laurie LOiA&Ck. .
Miss Joe Caldwell...- . -83
Miss Lossie May Boozer....
Mrs. Geo. Alexander......-- 5,1W
Miss Eula Daryoq .. - -
Miss Eunice Abrabis...
Miss Amelia Klettner..
Miss Annie Bouknight..
Miss Kate Hargrove.. .. 5
Miss Sarah Scott.
Miss Elliott Dobb,s -.. A
Miss Myrtle Duckett.. .. .11
Silverstreet, S. C. A -
Miss Ida Coleman.-.-.-.-.- -i
Miss MayLake.-. .. ....-.- - -
take of feeding too much eotton seed
meal at the beginning and gettig .
their catfle off feed. It is never' ad
visable to start feeding miore than
one half pound of cotton seed.meal per
hundred 'pounds live. weight, and
gradually increase one pound of meat
'every tgree or four weeks when cattte
are to be finished in one hundred days
It is advisable to keep plenty of salt
Iand water before the cattle at all
'times andi to feed only high grade fresh4
The farmers who are feeding cor
silage and stover instead- of hulls are
getting very satisfactory results and *
many have arranged to build silos
9ext year. At present prices It costS
practically as much money for hulls
as for meal and while cotton seed meel
is as valuable for a fer4llizer as for
feed, it is also as valuable for a ferti
lizer after being fed as before. So that
the farmer who buys meal for a fertie
lizer is getting his feed for nothing,
while hulls are of very little value for
either feed or fert:lizer.. Fiarmers are
beginning to realize more fully the
advantages of growing the roughage -
at home and buying -only the concen
trated meal, which in many cases
will mean the difference between proit
and loss in feeding beef cattle. We are
endeavoring to obr,in a correct list of
Ievery farmer in the State who Is feed
ing beef cattle In order to assist them
in marketing these cattle to the best
Clemson college has employed men -
who are especially trained In every
liof animal husbandry work whose
services are available to the fauners
of the State at all times free of charge,
merely for the asking.
Prof. A. Smith,
Clems.ia College, S. C.
Only three more days to work for
the valuable cut glass salad bowl
Daniels & Williamflsonl are o,ffering.
Keepr busy konteStants.