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SUBJECT TO TAXEL
PROBABLY LIABLE UNDER USUA]
Xany Other Interesting Questions Ar
Arising in Connection With New
.The question whether or not de
posits in postal savings banks art
subject to local taxation has been en
gaging the attention of fhe board o:
trustees having in charge the opera
tion of the system, says a Washingtor
special to the Columbia State. Th(
question has been put by several o:
the postmasters at offices which hav(
been designated as depositories foi
It is expressly provided by the laN
establishing the banks that, the 2 1
per cent. bonds issued by the govern
ment in connection with postal sav
ings shall be exempt from all forim
of taxation. No mention is made,
however, in the law as to the taxa
tion of the open deposits with thc
postal authorities. In some States
the taxing officials have brought uy
the question of .the liability of such
deposits for taxation, and the advic
of the department here has beer
sought by the postmasters concerned
Subject to Local Taxation.
While the postmaster general has
made no official statement in regard
to the matter, it is stated at the de
partnent that the view of the officials
there is that deposits are probably
liable to taxation by the local authori
ties. The question may not be raised
in some of the States, but it has al
'ready been brought up by some ol
them and will probably be decided i
a short t'me. It is understood that
i State may decide for itself,
through its tax officils, whether or
not it wishes to levy the usual per
sonality tax on postal d,eposits, where
the State law taxes deposits in State
or national- banks.
The board of trustees, in addition to
the formal reports of the operation of
the postal reports of the operation of
the postal bank system,. is receiving a
nunmber of novel questions from the
postmasters in charge of the institu
tions. The reponts are made daily tc
*the Washington authorities.
No Deposits by Mail.
One of the offices in the Middle
West reports that it has received va
rious remittances by mail, ranging~
from 20 cents to $500. All of these
have to be returned to the would-be
depositorst, because of the require
pment that the depositor's- signature
shall be affixed to the duplicate cer
tificate which is retained 'by the post
master. Besides, deposits must be in
even dollars, except where the de
positor purchased the special "postal
savings stamp," which can be turned
in when he has secured $1 worth.
An arrangemelnt has been made in
some instances, however, whereby de
posits of several persons may be made
by a; single messenger, without the
necessity of the depositors appearing
in person to sign the duplicate certi
-ficates. This is 'made possible by the
postmaster's retaining the original
and duplicate certificates, both of
which may be signed later by the de
positor, at -his convenience, and the
original then delivered to him.
Will Address'School Children.
So great has been the interest tak
en by the school cihildren at Bruns
wick, Ga., in the opportunity afforded
by the postal ban:k in that city for
the saving of their nickels and dimes,
-,that the postmaster has asked per
mission of the school authoritkrs to
deliver an address "to the pupils: ex
plaining to thiem thoro' ly the wrk
ings .of the system the. adv8
tages of this mfet fsaving their
mone .. RFeports from Gulfport, Miss.,
ar so to the effect that the children
particularly enthusiastic over the
of laying up their savings at the
toffice. A growing interest in the
tem is indicated in all parts of the
ntry, according to the chief clerk
the postoffice department, secretary
the board of trus'tees, to whom the
ports are made.
In many instances the postmasters
e11 in tirir reports, which are not
Itogether formal, of deposits made by
persons who have no faith in banks.
either from excessive caution. or be
cause of losses sustained by them
selves or their relatives in the past.
Most of these depositors are women.
Banks' Existence Ignored.
Newspaper publicity is almost nec
essary for the success of the postal
banks, and this factf is thoroughly un
derstood by the prop'rjletor of the only
daily paper in one of the Middle West
ern tdwns where a bank has been
*opened. The postmaster reports that
the local daily paper has absolutely
refused to notice the existence of the
bank and refuses to allow any refer
ence to it to be made in the paper
*The editor and proprietor of the pa
per, the postmaster reports, "by the
way," is a leading spirit in one of the
banks of the city and his refusal tc
alow the postal ban': to be mention
led in his paper is believed to be due
to this fact.
Rural free delivery carriers report
that many of their patrons ask if th:e-y
(the carriers) are authorized to re
ceive deposits, and later bring the
certificates to the depositors. It is un
derstood that this plan can not be em
ployvd, though there seems to be no
objection to the carrier's accepting the
deposits.'aid the depositor late' r go
-ing o ihe postoffice, at his conven
iPnC. in Si the duplicate certificate
- and receive the original.
- .NAI-TONAL CORN EXPOSITION.
Iig Corn Show to be Held at Colui
bus, Ohio, January 30 to Feb.
Columbus. Oiio. Jan. 19 .-The pro
gram for the fourth annual National
Corn exposition, to be held J.nuary
3 to Februa-r- 11, in the eight im
mense buil-ings on the Ohio State
exposition grounds has just been com1
peted, ai-d provides for one of the
greatest naional agricultural exposi
tions eve e1 in the world.
The buildings are connected by en
cloed walks, comfortably heated and
b:1lliantly illuminated, in all resemb
31 n a great summer garden with
p-,lns and plants and tender growing
em. giving-the visito-s a whiff of na
turn which will more re-'nd them of
a balmy June day than of the winter
This great national corn exposition
will be a grand round-up of all State
agricultural shows and agricultural
meetings. The name "corn exposi
tion" does not mean that only corn
will be shown, for all grains and
grasses, the prize winners only, at the
various State shows, will be in com
petition for the valuablie national tro
More than 35 States will have com
petitive exhibits. Twenty-five State
agricultural colleges and experiment
stations will have scientific e'hibits,
each demonstrating its most advanced
experimental work. Thesi exhibits
which will be in charge of expert
demonstrators will deal. in a practi
cal way, with nearly every phase of
the science of agriculture. For in
stance: North Carolina will emphasize
the cotton industry-froml thie grow
ing plant to lhe manufactured article
-.with- cotton gin and loom in actual
operation, while Illinois will espe
cially emphasize its soil work. Never
before in 'the .history of the world has
there been such a 'showing of results
in agri'ulture, based on scientific in
The federal department o.f agricul
ture 'will be represented with its fa
mous exhibit which fills t-fo laTe
furniture cars, and which has just
been returned from the international
expositon at Buenos Ayers.
Important among the many meet
ings, exhibits 'and other special fea
tures of this grea.test of agricultural
expositions may be mentioned the
meetings of the American Breeders'
association; the Ohio Uairymen's a's
sociation; the National Rural Life
conference, the Ohio Conservation as
sociationi, the Ohio Corn Improvement
association's. There will be special
association. There will *be special
features of vital interest to the Y. M.
C. A., churches, collegels, schools, the
farmer, and the city man and their
Special~ entertainment features
will include a two-ring winter circus,
band concerts with vocal soloists, and
'Speakers of nation-wide reputation
will deliver addresses daily on the Na
tional Corn exposition program.
0 OVERTHROW CANNON.
Speaker's Effort to Draw Teeth of
Anti-boss Rule Brings About
Washington, Jan. 16.-The stirring
scenes of the last session of congress
when the house overthrew Speaker
Cannon and took the making of rules
in its own hands, was reenaacted in
part on the floor of the house today.
Threatened wth what they believed
an effort to "draw the teeth" of one of
the most important of the new rules,
Democrats an d insurgents joined in
the defeat of the speaker. By a vote
of 145 to 126, the combined forces ral
lied to the support of Representative
*Fitzgerald (Dem.) of New York and
sustainled him in appeal from the
The fight developed as the result of
the second attempt to use the new rule
which gives the house th'e power to
discharge a committee frc.m further
consideration of a bill that has been
referred to it The insurgents and the
Democrats believed that this rule was
iron-clad: that as soon as the consid
eration of bills by unanimous consent
had been concluded, on every first and
third Monday of the month, the house
was bound by the new rule to take up
the motions to discharge~ committees
fro.th ustody~ of specified 'bills.
H!i O..Iis O e ue
Wh,-in t.hc mo,:.at arived tnVay%
however, Spiaker Cainnon gave recog
nition to Representative Hull 4f Iowa
chairman of the military affairs com
mittee. Mr. Hull moved that the housE
resolve itself in-to a com:nitte- of the
whole and take up the consideration
of the military appropriation ti-l, upon
which it had b.,n working last week.
There was an ieInate rallying ci
force.s and stiffening of necks among
the insurge::its and Doilcrats. Mr.
Fitzgerald insist -d upon ihe considera
tion of a motion to discharge a com
mittee, which was upon the caanda:.
Speaker Cannon declired to give Mr.
Fitzgerald the preference. I ut said
that he would be glad to consider a
point of order, if Mr. Fitzge:r,id want
ed to make one.
Had Prior Rih0t.
The Democratic momher Occlarcd
that he did r.ot have to m:A' - apin
of ordPr; that hi3 r:1s th 6 right
recogniticn und: 11- r nw rule, v:itLi
o,-t the raisir.z of an pnoint of order
against the speaker's action.
"You'll overrule me if I make
point of orde-," said Mr. Fi-zgerald.
Insurgents, Dence- s and reguars
jumped into -h.e fight that followed.
Upon the speaker's refusal to recog
nize M. Fitzgerald, the ltter wa fhi
ally forced to make a point against the
taking up of the army ap ,.ropriation
Se!ks to Limit Rule.
The speaker in his ruling on the
point held that the new rule did not
make it mandatory upon the house to
take up the motions to discharge com
I mittees; th1t it simply made such mo
tions in order if the house desired to
take them up.
Upon this basis the speaker held
that-Mr. Hull and the army appropria
tion bill had the right of way, and
the motions provided for under the
new rule could not be interposed
"I appeal from the decision of the
chair," cried Mr. Fitzgerald.
"I move to lay that motion on the
table," interposed Representative
Payne (N. Y.), Republican leader of
The Payne motion was the first test
of <the strength, and it was defeated
by a vote of 155 to 124. Then follow
ed a~n aorimonious debate upon the rul
Fusion Forces Win.
Whena the vote finally was taken
upon the appeal from Speaker Can
non's decision, 23 insurgents and all
but one of the Democrats present vot
ed against the speaker. The result
was the defeat of his ruling by a vote
of 145 to 126. Fourteen members an
swered present, but dint not vote be
cause of pairs with absrnt members.
Representative Saunders (Va.) was
the only Democrat voting against Mr.
Fitzgerald,in the appeal from the
The result of the vote is to settle
defitely the status of -:he new rule.
The rule that brought a.bo/It the test
of ertrengt.h and the defeiat of the
regular forces today is the last change
that -was made in the code of rules of
the house l-ast sessioni. It was pre
pared by Champ Clark, the minority
leader, and passed last June witbh but
one dissenting vote.
Its purpose was to give a means for
getting bills away from committees
when the latter attempted to "smoth
Hardships of Tramping.
"I suppose," said the kind lady, as
she banded the husky hobo a gener
ous wedge of aepple pL.e, "that your lot
is full 'of 'hardships ?"
"Dat's the proper word for it,
ma'am" replied the hobo. "In. de. win
ter, w'en de farm1ers ain't doin' noth
in' but .eatin' apples an' drinkin' hard
cider, 'it's too cold fe:. mie t' be tramp
in' eround; an' in de summer pec
ples allers offerin' me work."-Chica
go Daily News.
SKIN AM) SCALP TRIOUBILES
YIELD TO ZE3IO TRIEAT3IENT.
A Clean Liqluid Prevaration for Exter
W. G. Maves' Drug Store is so con
fident that'ZEMO and ZEMO soap used
together will rid the skin or scalp of
infant or grown person of pimples,
blackheads, drandruff, eczema, prickly
heat, rashes, hives, ivy poison or any
other form of skin or scalp eruption,
that they will give your money back
if you are not entirely satisfied with
the -results obtained from the use of
ZEMO and the soap.
The first application will give
prompt relief and show an improve
ment and in every instance where us
d persistently, will destroy the germ
life, leaving the skin in a clean, heal
Sold and gua.ranteed by druggists
everywhere and ir. Newberry by W. G.
Let us show you proof of some re
markable cures made by ZEMO and
give you a 32 page booklet how to
""~erve the ~"
$S 'TOF "IE rt SN.IL rp.r
EIVIY O FISCAL YIAR 1911.
I, or an authorized agent, will be
at the following places named below
for the purpose of taking returns of
personal property for fiscal year 1911:
Newberry, January 1 to 10, inclu
Kinards, Wednesday, Jan. 11
Whitmire, Thursday and Friday,
January 12 and 13.
.olly Street, Monday, Jan. 16.
Pomaria, Tuesday, Jan.'17.
Walton, Wednesday, Jan. 18.
Glymphville, Thursday, Jan. 19.
Maybinton, Friday, Jan. 20.
Prosperity, Monday and Tuesday,
Jan. 23 and 24.
Little Mountain, Wednesday, Jau.
O'Neall, Thursday, Jan. 26. i
St. Lukes. Friday, Jan. 27.
Longshores, Monday, Jan. 30.
Silverstreet,' Tuesday, Jan. 31.
Chappells, Wednesday, Feb. 1.
And at Newberry until February 20,
after which date a penplty of 50 per
cent. will be added against all persons,
firms, or corporations failing to make
The law requires a tax to be charg
ed on all moneys, notes and mort
gages, also an :income tax -on gross
incomes in excess of $2,500.
There shall be a capitation tax of
fifty ceits on all dogs, the proceeds
to be expended for school purposes.
Dogs not returned for taxation shall
not be considered as property in any
of the courts of this State.
AT male re-ons between the ages
of 21 and 60 years are liable to pay,
poll tax, except Confederate soldiers,
or those persons incapable of earn
ing a support from being maimed or a
from any other cause.
Nothing Dut personal property is to a
be assessed this year, but all persons c
who have bought or sold any real es
tate since last return are required to
note such transfers on their returns
All property must be assessed "at
its true value," which is construed to
mean "the- sum of money for which
such property, under ordinary cir
cumstances, would sell for cash."
Please do not ask tnat your prop
erty be taken from the auditor's du
plicate the same as last return, for
the law requires that all property
must be listed on regular tax return
pla.nks an dsigned and sworn to1 by
person listing same.
Naime oi' township and school dis
trict must be given 'on every return.
Eug. S. Werts,
Auditor Newberry County,
INewberry, S. C.
Ladies! Ask your Druggist, for I
Ci-cehes-ter's Diamond B:-ad1\
- Pills in Red and .Gold mnetallic\y
-- boxes, s'ealed with Blue Ribbon.
- I e"ke no othr.o Bu ouINErS
DINND BRA ND PILLS, for s
Syears kno-vn as Best. Safest,Always Relialle
.SLBY DRUSG~ISTS EVERY WERE
, DR. 1UELDAU
will answer emergency calls In con
nection with his office work. Special
ties, morphine and other drug habits.
Hours 9 to 1 forenoon; 4 to 8 after
Columbia, Newberry,~& Laurens B, B._
Schedule in effect October 6, 1910.
Subect to change without notice.
schedules indicated are not guaran
A. C.L. 52. 53.
Lv. Charleston.. ... 6.0am 10.00pm
Lv. Sumter.. .. ...9.4am 6.20pm
C., N. &L. -
Lv. Columbia.... ..11.5am 4.55pm
Lv. Prosperity. .12.42pm 3.34pmi
Lv. Newberry.. .. .12.56pm 3.20pm
Lv. Clinton.... .... 1.0pm 2.35pm
Lv. Laurens.. ..... 2.35pm 2.12pmn
Ar. Greenville. . .. 4.00pm 12.20pm
Ar. Spartanburg. .. 4.05pm 12.20pm
Ar. Abbeville ...3.55pm 1.02pm
Ar. Greenwood.. 3.27pm 1.33pm
r. Atens.... .. .. 6.5pm 10.30am
Ar. Atlanta........845pm 8.00am
v. Columbia.... .. 5.0pm 11.15am
Lv. Prosperity... ..6.26pm 9.50am
v. Newvberry. ... . .6.44pm 9.32arr
Lv. Olinton.... ....7.5m 8.44am1
Lv. Laurens.. .. .. 7.55pm 8.20am .
.C. &W. C.
Ar. Greenville.. ... 9.2pm 7.00am
S. A. L.
Ar. Greenwood.. .. 2.28am 2.38am
Ar. Abbeville.... ..2.56a.m 2.08amn
Ar. Athens.. .... .. 5.4am 11.59pm
Ar. Atlanta.. .. ...7.5am 9.55pmi
Nos. 52 and 53 arrive and .depart
from Union Station, Columbia, daily,
and run through between Charleston
Nos. 54 and 55 arrive and depart!
Servais street, Columbia, diail:,, e.v
ce.pt Sunday, and run through be
tween Columbia and Greenville.
For information ask agents or write,
W. J. Craig, P. T. M.,
Wilmington, N. C.
J. F. Livingston, S. A.,
Columbia, S. C. 1
often puts opportunity within
A chance for a good invest
ment comes sooner or later and
if you have the money the pro
fit is yours; if not, the other fel
low gets it.
Open an account with this
bank and save systematically,
you will then have the READY
MONEY when opportunity comes
We offer you ABSOLUTE
SAFETY for your savings, and
will allow interest credited quar
BANK OF POMARIA,
Z. T. PINNER, V. L. SMITH,
R. H. HIPP, Vice-President
Send in a subscription to The Her
d and News and help your friend
in the Grand Prize in The Herald
nd News grelat popularity voting.,
I hereby nominate
HERALD AND NEWS c
Under ,no circumstar
name be divulged.
LiOW the Tel
"I can seD the eggs. How mar.yhaveWe"
The farmer wh4
his home can meet
whether he be at ho
you call your home
this farmner is doing
If not you are]I
using the greatest co
times. The cost is sc
service is within reac]
for our free booklet
this economical serv
Farmers Line Dej
SOUTiERN BELL 'l
I 63 '"outh Pryor St.,
Subject to Rules of The
Must be received at the off
NOW IS THE TIME TO SUJBSCRIB I
NE YEAR $1.60, SIX NONIT]IS 75e.,
The Plumbing in
or any new work put in your houss.
should be the very best. We use
Haynes, Jones & Gadberry fix
tures. There is no better on the
market, 'and our work is guaran
teed to give satisfaction. We will
be pleased to give you an estimate..
H. B. WELLS.
Transfer Headquarters. We haul
anything. 'Phone us.
Happy New Year
Thanking my many custo
mers for their generous pat
ronage in the past, and wish
ing all the readers of this paper
a happy and prosperous New.
Malone's Music House,
Columbia, S. C.
Dealers iii High Grade.
Pianos and Organs.
u a candidate in THE'
ntest Mr., Mrs., or Miss
~ce will the nominator's '
> J ha .ateep on i
>nrth teepoz,nfle like
nenmence of modemrn
small that telephone
i of every one. Write
which tells all about
erald and News Contest.
TO THE HERAT,D AND NEWS.
'r XnNTHS I0e.