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THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
NOW ON HOME STRETCH
(Continued from page one).
The bill went over to the senate with
out a change or modification from the
Ioor of the house. Each and every
item as agreed upon by the ways and
means committee was adopted, and
curious to say, the hardest fight was
over the water item, as affecting the
city of Columbia
One of the reasons that the bill had
such a successful and easy passage
through the house was because Chair
mam Browning divided his committee
imto sub-committees and had each of
these sub-committeeis make actual
and careful investigations with re
Card to the various branches of the
State government and affairs, and
when the repocts of these special
committeies, with all the facts in hand,
were considered and acted upon the
general committ6e was on the right
track and the house appreciated the
eareful and diligent work of the com
mittee, aind passed the- bill without
the change of a single item, as report
Tax Levy Unchanged.
The State levy for the coming year
wl be 5 3-4 mills, which is the same
as it has been for the year 1910, and
without an increase of the levy sub
stantial increases have been made in
the bill, although there is a latitude of
$80,000, which last year came out the
general fund, that will this year come
out of dispensaxy manley and in this
way the expectation is to provide for
the new work in connection with the
State hospital for the insane, without
distuirbing the anual levy.
As to New Counties.
There hes been a marked and ap
preciable disposition to check the new
gounty movement The members of
the assembly are passing measures
that will further restrict the forma
tion of new counties. The constitu
tional provisions were regarded as
strict, but the members have found
other methods of tightening the con
ditions preiminary to the elections.
New Justice Wednes?day, Perhaps.
The date for the election of the new
associate justice has not yet been fix
*ed, but the understanding is that it will
be on Wednesday. No one- expects an
election on -the first ballot, and there
is aHl sorts of speculation as to how
things will adjust themselves in the
SAdjournment the Fifteenth?
The house has indicated that it will
work with a view of adjourning at
noon Wednesday, the 15th instant.
-The senate sugges'ted the 10th, but
the house amended by fixing the 15th,
and' this willl, in all probability, be the
last day jof the present session, al
though there is really no reason, with
the work as far advanced as it is, why
'the members can not spend next Sun
day with their families and not re
turn to Columbia.
Generally, the movements cf the ap
spropriation biH1 are the index of when
an adjournment will be had, and this
bill is now in the hands of the senate,
with ample time for its passage and
careful study by the end of the pres
There has been an u.nusual demand
for the establishment and extension
of the rural police system for the
There will be no change in the priv
ilege tax system, and its distribution.
A compromise bill has been sufg
gested by Mr. Remb>ert, relative to
electric ihiedlights.' This bill, it is
un3derstood, has the approval of the
When one hundred and twenty-two
bills are sent to the senate, as a result
of a single day's work, some idea may
be had of the extent of the house cal
Just before adjourning on Saturday
afternoon the sena>te passed 'to third
reading the bill providing for the in
vestigatii on of Attorney General Lyon,
the original dispensary investigating
committee, the State dispensary wind
ing-up commission et al.
Notice of general amendments on*
third reeding was given.
Fifth Associate Justiceship.
The last of the batch of associate
justice bills passed the senate on Fri
day, and upon ratificattion Tuesday the
bill will become a law; the governor's
signature then being appended, the!
election for associate justice to the
fifth position may be held.
"Convict" Bill Passed.
That all able bodied convicts work
on the chain gangs of this State.
That the whites and blacks be sep-,
arated on the chain gangs.
That the sexes be separated at all
times in the road work, except thatj
this roes not apply to the State farms
and the penitentiary.
These a:-m in brief, the provisions
of a bill as amended and passedi in the
senate on Saturday afternoon, follow
ing a discussion during practically
the whole session touching a wide
range of conditions in South Caro
* d Convicts.
"That all able-bodied male convii
shall -hereafter be sentenced to ha
labor on the public works of -
county in which convicted, if su
county maintains a chain gang, wii
out regard to the length of senten
and in the alternative to impris<
ment in the county jail or State pI
itentiary at hard labor: Provided tI
in any case the presiding judge sh
have the power by specil order
direct that any person convicted 1
fore him be ccnfined in the State pE
itentiary, if it is considered uns
or unwise for such convict o be ca
mitted to county chain gang."
Separation of Races and Sexes.
The following proviso was adopt
after a lengthy discussion:
"Provided that a separatioa of t
sexes and races be maintaind at '
times, except in the State penitentia
and on the State farms."
Greenville and Clarendon connti
are exempted from the genEral pr
visions of the bill.
The Present Law.
The law at present sends all cO
victs to the State penitentiary who
sentences are over ten years and pr
vides that the sup4rvisor may u;
bis discretion as to those under t<
years, sending them to the penite
tiary or placing them on the gang.
Senate Passes "Mileage" Bill.
Ending another big battle on tl
mnileage question and kiling variol
amend-ments, th.e senate on Frid&
night, after two hours' discussion, vo
ed to send the measure of SenatA
Carlisle, of Spatanburg, providii
that mi-leage shall be "pulled" (
trains, to the Liouse of representative
The final vote in the senate was 20
7, although Senator Clifton, of Sul
ter, voted with the prevailing side :
rder to be able to move within tI
next two legislative days, to reconsil
er the vote wh.ereby the bill was se:
to the house.
In its final form the bill passed I
follows, with the provision added th
it take teffect October 1, 1911.:
"That any railroad company sel
ing mileage books for trasportation
hereby required to receive coupo
from mileage books, sold by said rai
oad company, on its trains for tran
>otation within the State, ai
o check ;baggage for passiengers upt
>resentation of said mileage book."
Inhieritance Tax Bill Goes Over.
On motion of the finea e comnii
tee the inheitance tax bill, that o0
asioned so oxeh discussion. in ti
ouse, was, continiued until next set
sion by 'the senate.
Thi gene.ral impression ia the sel
ate was ths.t the members were n<
~ufficiently acquainted with the pro:
siion to vote intelligently on it th
Fowls and Animals May Stray.
Mr. Magill made a valia'it fight
Lhe house fcr his bill relative to fowl
e had th'e support of Mr. Stevenso:
but the bill was killed all the sam
he bill undertook to make it unlawfi
o permit animals and domestic fow
o trespass on lands of anotbder, wher
n is growing or ungathered any grai
otton or vegetable -production rais
r market or domestic consumptic
ftter notice, and to provide a punis
ent thereof. The discuss-.on provol
d much amusement.
Hunters' License Bill Killed.
The Audubon society bilW to requl
mnters to take out a gun licent
aie up as a special order in ti
house on Thursday, and was kille
Idr. Magill, of Greenwood, in who;
aine the bill was introduced, warm:
efended ithe measure.
Liquor Cases by Circuit Court.
Mr. C. D. Smith's bill to make mas
istrates have ;jurisdiction in cases<
iolation of the dispensary provoke
ively contest, some contending the
the .present courts were too slow, b1
the house determined that it woul
leave the law- alone and retain di:
ensarry cases in the higher courts.
Mutual Insurance Companies.
There was a surprising debate (
the bill to allow a mutual life insul
ance company, at Anderson, to ha'
a larger field than is now permittei
'he present law restricts the cor
any to doing business in two couw
The committee was unanimous]
against allowing the Anderson Mutus
ompany doing a general business.
The bill was kiiled and hereafte
as at present, ilocal mutual insurau<
omnies in this State must confli
their enengies to one or two countie
Keep Their Pensions.
One of the prettiest litle fights
the session was over the bill th;
sought to deny the Confederate sc
diers, who are inmates of the Confel
erate Infirmary, their pension(
Thu rsd ay.
The bll was d.cussed~ by twen
or more members, and finally a y<
nd nay vote was taken, the bill b
ing killed, 46 to 42. thereby lettir
the soldiers at the home continue
receive their small pensions.
There was a renewal of tha ~9
over the bill on Friday. Mr. (Thso
::ts to $2 per month. The first sugges
,rd tion was to make the amount $1.50
he but Mr. Doer, with his side partnei
.ch Mr. Sawyer, managed to have th(
th- amendment adopted, and in this wa3
ce, the league bill was passed, providin
m- $2 to inmates of the infirmary, ir
m- lieu of their pensions, which var3
,at at present.
to CRITICISM OF REFORMATLORY.
Institution at Lexington Not Doin
,f- Proper Work, Says Committee.
That -the State reformatory is not do
ing the work that it should, that thE
institution is a mere adjunct to tht
State penitentiary, is the charge thai
is made in the annual report of thE
committee on penal and charitable in
In the rep6rL it is stated that in 190C
e an act was passed authorizing and re
quiring the board of directors and
superintendent of the penitentiary to
set apart so much of the State farm in
Lexington as might be necessary for
a State reformatory for criminals un
se der the age of 16 years. This was for
0- white as -well as nelgro convicts, the
se act providing that they should be kept
31 and employed separately. Since the
n~ establishment of the South Carolina
Industrial School onlry negro convicts
have beien kept at the Lexington re
is "Both the spirit and intent of the
Ly -law which actuated the establishment
t- of this reformatory," says the report,
:r "was to improve the morals of the in
ig mates and inspire them to become bet
>n ter citizen. The act declares, 'that
s. the superintendent shall provide for
to the instruction of the inmates in mor
a- als as well as -useful labor.' In other
in words that it be a reformatory in fact.
e "In this regard," the report con
f- tinues, "the institutionAs not doing the
at work it was designed to do, it being a
mere adjunct to the penitentiary,
s where farm labor is performed and not
at enough training is paid to the moral
training of the inmates, nor are they
. taught any useful trade."
is The committee comes to the con
clusion that reformation of character
1- is the laudable object in view and "to
s- the attain,ment of this end we think
tdj and so recommend, that the institution
>n have an instructor of its own to ino
oulate the principles of .right living
anhd give his attention to the spiritual
t- and moral uplift of the inmnates. The
committeejgnks that the inmates
te should alsd have some training in use
g- ful 'trades. It is also stated that a
Sgeneral improvement of the sanitary
1- condition could be made."
yt Tha t there has been rneh improve
>- ment in cnditions at the State hospi
is tal er the insane is the statement
trade in unle annual r:eport of th,e joint
committee on penal and .charitable in
isti'tutions which has been sent to the
s. general assembly. The report covers
a, all institutions of the above nature and
e. maihes a numbcr of recommendations
il as to~ each.
Is "We have made a careful inspecton
Sof all the buildings of this institution
~and found that they were, especially
Sthe interior, in much better condition
a than when we last visited them." This
i statement is made in the report on
- the asylun.
The co'mmittee says that it was not
impressed with -the fact that a build
ring w-is being 'erected 'as a place of
se recreat.'on for the negroes as the
tnegroes are soon. to be moved to the
d new hoepital, w1hich will be erected
se eight miles nor,th of Columbia.
L"We would not unreasonably cur
tail the expenses and improvements,"
,says the report, "to care for the un
fortunate insane, and yet it strikes us
d it is a good business proposition to
t 'go slow' in erecting new buildings
tuntil the chanrges contemplated and
d provided by .law are effectuated, when
it can be better ascertained what im
p.rovemaents are needed on the present
rKNOWS "WVE DONE WRONG."
d. EleTen-Tear-Old Postoffice Robber
1.Writes to President
Denver, Col., February 2.-B enja
t min Dewey Miller, 11 years old, who
1is -in ,the county pail here awaiting
trial on the charge of robbing the post
roffice at Gardner, Col., has writteni to
e President Taft pleading his case. The
Sletter, which was addressed to "Uncle
Sam," was mailed to the president last
night. It reads:
of "Dear Uncle Sam :.I am going to tell
at you about what I done. I broke into
1-i your postoffice with two othe.r kids. I
Sknew we done wrong. We got $14 and
m four or five packages of s':amps; that's
ty "My ather and mother are poor and
a ai-n't got no money. I read Jesse
e- James Stories and that's what put me
I up to it. If you will let me go this
to time I won't do it no more. I was in
bed when the other kids come and
+ calle'd me. This is all for this timhe, so
~ Dewey ~aiuer.
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tures. There is no better on the
market, 'and our work is guaran
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be pleased to give you an estimate.
H. B. WELLS.
Transfer Headquarters. We haul
anything. 'Phone us.
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hence we are better prepared than ever
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Write us AT ONCE for catalogs and for
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COLUMBIA, S. C.
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Open an account with this
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Z. T. PI[NER, V. L SITH,
R. HI. HIPP, Vice-President
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16 SONG HITS
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