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* PRUNING FRUIT TREES. *
* Clemson Extension Work-Arti- *
* cle 3. *
Now is the time to begin work of
getting fruit trees in good condition
for their work the coming season and
pruning should be the first operation.
Before attempting this work the awork
er should -know what to do and how to
accomplish the object sought. The
main objects of pruning are to thin
out superfluous growth, make the tree
symmetrical, to rejuvenate old trees,
to thin the fruit and to protect the
trees from diseases and insects.
Thinning Out Superfluous Growth.
In pruning we should always aim to
secure a low open head to admit a
free circulation of air and abundant
sunlight. Remove all broken and dead
branches, thin out where growth is
too thick, and remove all water
Pruning for Symmetry.
To form a symmetrical tree it is best
to begin at planting time as soon as
branches are formed. Select the three
branches, which are to form the frame
work of the tree so that they are even
ly distributed up and down and around
the trunk. Avoid having branches
coming out opposite each other on the
trunk, for this makes a point of weak
ness. After the tree is considerable
size it is harder to give symmetry to
it, but by judicious pruning the tree
can be' balanced up by removing
branches where there are too many on
one side and encourage branching on
the other side.
Rejuvenating Old Trees.
By removing the older portions or
cutting out a portion of the branches
we stimulate growth in the remaining
portion, and thus rejuvenate the tree.
Where large branches are removed the
cut should be made near the branch
that is left in order that the wound
will heal rapidly. To prevent splitting
or tearing of-Ahe bark cut part way
through the branch from the lower
side and then saw frkm the top a short
distance ~in front of the under cut.
Then cut off the stub as smooth as
possible, sawing clear through from
the top.- Large wounds should ha cov
ered with a coat of thick lead paint or
coal tar to keep out water and disease
Pruning to Thin Fruit.
To thin fruit of apple or pear cut off
some of the fruit spurs. AMways re
move the old spu'rs and those on the
inside of the tree and on the trunk and
larger branohes. To t.hin -peaches cut
off from one-third td one-half of the
length of new wood and remove some
of the branches where they are crowd
ed. Peach buds are found on the sides
of the -past season's growth.
Pruning for Protection.
By .removing all decayed fruit and
decaying or dead wood we remove the
*source of infection in many cases. The
pear blight of app.le or pear is kept
in check by cutting off and destroying
the affaected -parts. As the disease en
ters the blossoms on the fruit spurs
these spurs should be removed from~
the trunk and large branches, because
the latter would soon he diseased and
could not 'be .removed! without serious
injury to the tree. The pruning im
plements should be dis-infected after
cutting off a diseased branch. This
can be done by passing through a
nfa.me or dipping in a solution of car
bo'lic acid or corrosive sublimate.
H. C. Thompson,
7 Associate Professor of Horticulture.
Twenty of the most promising
young men in America will die on-thk
gridiron during 1911.
This is the prophecy of a conserva.
tive writer in the current issue of thi
Medical Record. During the year jus
ended 19 lives were lost and 400 athle
tic bodies badly injured at that mos
L. fascinating and deadly of sports, foot
ball. During 1909, 33 killed and 7
seriously "wounded" was th.e toll.
"Football," says former Presider
* Elliott, of Harvard, "causies an unrea
sonable number of serious injurie
and deaths. Not one in five of th
men who play football sei'eral season
escape without injury properly calle
serious, and of the twenty or thirt
picked players who play hard through
out a sea.son, hardly a man escape
s jous injury."
A d the "serious injury" may no'
and then 'be worse than death itself.
Commenting upon the twenty the
will be called upon to meet ideat
during f.he coming season, the~ wrin
in the MIedical Record says: "To a
serius mind"d people it shouild be
frightf'ul thou;ght that the fjinr
Fato today mrks out these uinknow.
tw"nty of t'v pick of our young me
as a sacrifice upon the altar of ti
-1911 football season!"
* It is also pointed ont that footba
trainirg is bad for health, becau:
it necessitates an abnormal en'!arg
men- o~ Th'~ beart and muscular ~
tem which must atrophy down .o the'
normal again between seasons. And
the fatigue incident both to hard
training and to hard play is acknowl-1
edged by physiologists to be damag
ing. "Irritable heart," is one of the
effects of football. Nearly all foot
ball playe,rs, says Professor James, of
Illinois, have weak heart3 and are
more liable to diseases of other forms.
than men who exercise mod-rately.
Another objection urged against the
game is that it admits of no participa
tion on the part of the majority of
the men in our schools. Only a hand
ful may pl.y; while all th- rest look
on only. Thus even if the game were
benefical t. the prayer, it can not
benefit the horde of non-players-un
less it doek. so physically.
And this leads us to the other side
of the question. Is it not true that
football furnishes a wholesome stimu
lus to the germ of grit and stamina
that shoulk. be nourished in every
American breast? Are ye not becom
ing effeminiate and "effete" fast
enough wiThout crushing out every
possible mEans of preserving what lit
tle elemental gameness we may have
There are two sides to our problem;
but ino middle ground. For you can't
reform football. Whenever you reform
it sufficiendy to render it safe, you
annihilate it, kill it absoltuely.
Football is fascinating because
fierce and deadly. So the question re
mains: Is -:e game worth the candle
-shall the gridiron stay or shall it
One or two of the leading colleges
of the country have forbidden the
pame, but it .remains to be seen what
the others will do. .
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
IN THE DISTRICT COURT.
In re G. M. B. Epting, Bankrupt.
By virtue of an order he.rein of Hon.
Jno. J. Earle, referee in bankrupt'y,
consented to by all parties in inter
est, the undersigned will sell at pub
liC auction before Newberry court
house, S. C., on March 6, 1911 (sales-!
day) to the highest bidder therefor
All that piece, parcel or lot of land,
upon which is located a four-room
dwelling, lying and being situate in
the Town of Newberry, State of South
Carolina, and in that part of said town
known as "Graveltown," bounded by
lots of Guilford Snowdein, Dr. Jamnes
MchItos(h and land of the Southern
Railway company, fronting sixty-threes
feet on street, above de-1
scribed lot ibeing heretofore known'
as .the "Josie Jones house and lot."
Upon .the following terms, to wit:
The whole of the purchase money to'
be paid cash; and the highest bidder
therefor to deposit one hundred
($100) dollars with the trustee of%G.
M. B. Epting, Bankrupt, within thir
ty :minutves from the time bid is ac
cepted in confirmation of his bid, pur
chaser to pay for cost of drawing deed
to said premises.
I Iambert W. Jones,
Trustee of G. M. B. Epting, Bankrupt.
February 2, 1911.
N OTICE TO DEBTORS AND CREDI.
Notice is hereby .givien that the un
dersigned has qualified as Adimifnistra
tor of the es'tate of N. Pink Abrams,
deeas1eL All persons indebted to
said estalte will make prompt settle
ment, and all ipersons holding claims
against sa Le will present .them, prop
erly attested, to the undersigned, or
CHICAGO E. ST. L.OUS
When the fe
for a week or a:
and maturing el
he lays himself
fruit, and to th
the use of our"
made of the hig
Blood, Bone and Tankag
rtinuously from the time the:
wet seasons much better tha
t They are finely ground and a
Call on your nearest
1It he can't supply you, writ
so -you can see what our cust
big crops for others, give th<
Don't be satisfied to b1
"Supreme", or "Soul
1 D. ).HIudsonl, NewhIerry, S. (.,
S. C., .J. S. W~essinger, (lmapini,
his attorney, Eugene S. Blease, New
berry, S. C.
H. H. Abrams,
BANKRUPT'S PETITION FOR DIS
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE
..UNITED STATES, FOR THE DIS
TRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
In the matter of G. M. Boyd Epting,
To the Honorable Wan. H. Brawley,
Judge of the District Court of the
United States for the District of South
G. M. Boyd Epting, of Newberry, in
the County of Newberry, and State of
South Oarolin% in said District, re
spectfully represents that on the 24th
day of May last past, he was duly
adjudged Bankrupt under the acts of
Congress relating to Bankruptcy;
that he has duly svvrendered all his
property and rights of property, and
has fully complied with all the re
quirements of said acts and of the
orders of the Court touching his Bank
Wherefore be prays that he may be
decreed by the Court to have a full
discharge from all debts provable
against his estate under said Bank
rupt Acts, exciept such debts as are
excepted by la-w from such discharge.
Dated this 4th day of February, A.
G. M. Boyd Epting,
ORPER OF NOTICE THEREON.
District of South Carolina-ss.
On this 6th day of February, A. D.
1911, on reading the foregoing peti
tion, it is
Ordered by the Court, that a hear
ing be had upon the same on the 21st
day of February, A. D. 1911, before
said Caurt, at Charleston, in said Dis
trict, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon;
and that notice thereof be published
We will sell
the house ai
York cost for
Come, look, y
.vinced that tl
er.. N.o ma
want we ha'
N.ew York co
r ~$FACTuR rop
.rmer buys fertilizer, he is provid
nonth, but as long as there is ne<
ment. Unless he buys with this
liable to losses incident to a sti
greater loss of shedding. All
upreme" and "Southern Big
Liest class of materials known to 1
3, prepared according to our impr4
seed sprouts till the crop mature
n other fertilizers and keep the
bsolutey dry, thus insuring easy,
dealer for a copy of our 1I
te us direct and we will prompt
omers say about them. Our Fe:
an a chance to do the same for y<
y " just guano," but INSIST
:hern Big" Brands. They
FOR SALE BY
Smith Mercantile (o., Kin'ard S1~". (.,
S. C. Ias 1I. Eargie. P'omairia, S. C.
in the Newberry Herald and News, a
newspaper printed in said District,
and that all known creditors and oth
er persons in interest may appear at
the said time and place and show
cause, if any they have, why the pray
er of the siad petitioner should not be
And it is further ordered by the
Court, that the Clerk shall send by
mail to all known creditors copies of
said petition and this order, addressed
to them at their places of residence
Witness the Honorable Wm. H. Braw
ley, Judge 'of the said Court,
and the seal thereof, at Char
(Seal) leston in said District, on the
6th day of February, A. D.,
Richard W. Watson,
NOTICE OF FNAL SETTLEMENT.
As executrix of the last will and
testament of Mrs. Nancy Caroline Har
ris, I will make final settlement of the
estate of the said Mrs. Nancy Caro
line Harris in the probate court for
Newberry county on Wedn'esday,
March 8, 1911, at 11 o'clock in the
forenoon, and immediately thereafter
apply for letters dismissory as said
executrix. All persons holding claims
against said estate -will present them
duly attested on or before that date.
Annie R: Harris,
Executrix of the last will and tes
tament of Nancy Caroline Harris.
Ends Winter's Troubles.
To many, winter is a season of trou
ble. The frost-bitten toes and fingers,
chapped hands and lips, chilblains,
cold-sores, red and rough skins, prove
this. But such troubles fly before
Bucklen's Arnica Salve. A trial con
vinces. Greatest healer of burns, boils,
piles., cuts, sores, bruises, eczema and
sprains. Only 25c at W. E. Pelham &
Now is the time to subscribe to Th(
Herald and News.
every article in
ou will be con
te prjce is low
tter what you
e it at actual
JOSEPH OKLAHOMA CITY
ing plant food for his crop-not
d of plant food as a sustainig
one idea prominently in view,
mnted growth both in stalk and
these losses can be avoided by
" Brand Fertilizers, which are
ved methods, feed the crop con
s. They stand the drouths and
lant in much better condition.
even and uniform distribution.
911 Year Book.
ly maili you a copy
tilizers have made
n getting the.
are all good.
lealy. & Derrick, Little Manntnin,
FOR MEN, WOMEN
Special for Lad
We have one of
and styles of New
fore seen in Chapi
Ladies and Gent.
We guarantee e
against ripping or
Let Us Ca Y
To .a Few of MANY E
IN SMALL Hb
Picture Wire, 25 yards toi bunch
Strap Hinges) 3, 4 and 5 inches.
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Files, good steel, 9 and 10 inche
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Creditors will not ta
chant who .does not
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risk by you not havi
Ask the Newberry 1
No- 76. We have j
one of the best mercai
the city. Will sell foi
E. H. Aull President
H. H. Rikard, V.-Pres.
P A I R
les and Cents
the finest ines
Shoes ever be
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rery pair we sell
ARGAINS We Have
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ve thle DifreRnCe.
ke any riskg on a mer
insure his property.
~hidren take a greater
ng your life insure4?
nsurance and Realty
ust had listed with us
itile establishments in
J. K. Aull, Treasurer
Paul S. Halfacre, Mgr.