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THE THOAS 3ILLEIZ
OF RECONSTRUCTION DAYS
Recollections of Days When Every
body Toted a Pistol-The Shot
That Was Trained for
A. B. Williams in Roanoke Times.
Sometimes a single name or a small
incident will open floodgates of recol
lections of those who have seen and
felt things and bring to very vivid
life old times and long arrays of dead
men. We read in the South Carolina
newspapers that T. E. Miller has been
removed summarily by the new gover
nor from his long held position as
president of the colored university at
This is "Canary Miller," quite an
old man now and long ago reconciled
to white rule and become a good man
useful citizen. He was different 34
years ago when he sat in the South
Carolina legislature as a representa
tive from Beaufort-a short, square
built man, seven-eighths white, wear
ing a heavy light gray sack suit, with
his habit of running his hands into the
pockets of his coat and fairly clear in
dication of a loaded revolver in each
pocket. Other nasty habits had "Can
ary." He sat as a member of the last
attempt at a Republican legislature
in a Southern State in the last year of
the Reconstruction era. He sat with
"The Ring-Tailed Roarer of the Com
bahee," a black negro whose gullah
dialect from the, coast of Africa,
whose immediate ancestry was so
strong that a white maA irom twe up
country barely could understand him
when he addressed the house; also
with the "Duke of Marlboro," an unc
tuous yellow scoundrel, representing
the very garden spot of the State, who
used to rise up and thunder from a
broad chest and a wide throat when
the house in chorus rendered: "Hold
the Fort for Hayes and Wheeler."
How it did reverberate, rendered to
the air' of "Hold the Fort, for I am
Coming," when the South Carolina
legislature refreshed itself with song.
In the Legislature.
"Canary" was not of the group col
lecetively known as "The Forty Thiev
es," but he was about as full of fight
and venom as a rattlesnake. One
hundred and twenty-five was the legal
membership of the house ,of represen
tatives in the year of the mighty up
rising of the white people under lead
ership of Wade Hampton, the out-.
bursting and exploding of a fighting
and desperate civilization against a
50,000 negro majority; the law and
Ulysees S. Grant in the president's
seat. The Democrats had -elected 64
on the face of the returns. By means
they kept two or three Republican
representatives at their homes; but
when their names' were called they
answered. "Dummies, ringers," had
been put in to answer for them and nc
Democrat dared any knowledge thai
the realities were not there. Who
could identify one lowland corn field
negro from another? Then the Dem
ocrats, again by means, won over two
or three. Tom Hamilton was among
them. He must have been a descend
ant of a Zula chieftain, because later,
when his brethren clamored against
him, he ros'e, tall and straight, his skin
smooth and sleek as silk, and remark
ed that sometimes he went out in his
field and killed a rice bird wits. a re
volver for his sport; whereupon his
brethren whimpered into silence be
'. cause thew knew it was so. Men,
whites or black, who could drive a pis
tol bullet through a rice bird at eigh
teen steps were valuable at the mo
ment and to be respect:ed. But whet
the Democrats gained over recruits
the Republicans-"Radicals" every.
body called them then--simply went
through the formality of declaring
seats from some Democratic counties
vacant and filed them With any body
-who might be handy, wearing any
names that might fit, and so retained
their legal majority, to be certified tc
So it befell that on a December day
the 65 Democrats and their colored
allies, sitting in Carolina hall at Co.
lumbia, decided to go and occupy the
hall of the house of representatives a1
v the State house. They went trooping
close behind Lawrence Orr, of Ander
son county, six feet and four inche:
* high and two hundred and sixty
pounds in bulk. who threw his weighi
against closed doors and doorkeeper
and burst one and overthrew the oth
Sixty-five and sixty-five and witi
their quotas of sergeants-at-arms
clerks and attendants. the two hous
es sat in the hall three nights and tha
better part of three (lays. Gen. Wal
ac, S. C:v. AO..7 of Uion unty.he2
zs(' con'nd through all tloso
hours of daylight and darkness, every
manarmed and ready -with his nerves
strung for the desperate fight all be
lieved to be inevitable-a light of men
shut in, forced to fight until one side
or the other was exterminated or
somebody surrendered. Under each
folder overcoat was a Winchester
rifle, in some pocket of every man's
clothes a loaded revolver.
Four reporters sat at the head of a
table at the end of the aisle. Thc-y
knew that right behind Speaker Mack
ey to his right two white men, chosen
and approved killers, were stationed,
instructed to shoot him dead at the
first outbreak. Mackey knew it, too.
but he clear game-that Mackey, Radi
cal as he was; and he never moved or
flinched or in any way departed from
the strict formalities of his asummed
office, and now and then his .
laugh pealed through the house as
something funny occurred. But the
r6porters'linew that the moment trou
ble began a storm of bullets would
come Mackey's way. because Mackey,
as a white South Carolinian, of the
entire outfit was most hated of South
Carolinians, and the first thought of
every man was to get "Mackey first."
And many men in the excitement
would shoot low.
A Shot for Miller.
Also many of the Radicals, espe
cially among the "Forty Thieves,"
deadliest and bitterest and most cour
ageous of all, had it in for the re
porter's table. Therefore the report
ers consulted among themselves as
they smoked, who they would "get"
before they were got. One of them
had a pistol the like of which never
was seen before or since that time,
when the ingenuity and most of the
thought of men were bent on devices
for killing somebody. It was a sec
tion o' a Remington rifle sawed off
and fitted to a pistol stock, car:ying
a ball assigned especially to "Canary"
Miller; it was placed in a drawer of
the desk and trained on him pressed
into the bottom of the drawer during
the entire of the night, and kept cock
ed, the calculation being that when
the fuss was opened the drawer would
be pulled out, trigger cocked and
"Canary" dropped as he rose in his
place on the right-hand side toward
the rear. If two or three men hap
pened to be in the way it would be
all the better. That cartridge was
good for an elephant and all of our
fellows were clear. All this was be
cause' "Canary" rose every fifteen
minutes and conducted this colloquy:
The Speaker: "The gentleman from
"Mr. Speaker, I rise to a point of or
"The gentleman from Beaufort will
state his point of ofder."
"Persons are on the floor of the
house who are not mem2bers of the
"The point of order of the gentle
man from Beautfort is well taken. The
sergeant-at-arms will proceed to re
move from the floor all members who
'are niot members."
.A Strenuous Time.
This was where the trouble was ex
pected to occur. Orders were that
when the Radical sergeant-at-arms
put his hands on a Democrat or allied
member the shooting wc 11d start. Ev
ery time he was ordered, the fool ser
geant-at-arms would wa?k up the aisle
toward somebody and nobo~dy k.'sw
whut. with aLI axtra d1-ins or two, or
on some signal he ~actually would
touch a man. It was trying on the
nerves. An outbreak there would
mean not only present slaughter, but
civil war, because it had not been de
cided whether 'Hayes or Tilden was
to be next president, and the nerves
and temper of the country were at
strained tension, ready to be startled
to the fighting point by a less thing
than wholesale butchery in the State
jhouse of one of the pivotal and dis
By the special mercy of the Al
mighty the country was saved from
that horror, as by the same gracious
means it was saved from so many.
The three nights and days the hun
dred and fifty odd armed and hatin'g
*1 Prize Offers fromxL
Book on patents. "Ihints to
-Vhy some inventors fail."
searchi of Patent Office record~s.
AcigCommrissioner of Patent
slept and ate and laughed, and
taunted and threatened, and lo' ked in
the hall together, passed- and t se blrw
that would have such fearful conse
quences was not struck. "Canary"
Miller did not get his fight or his bul
let. Gen. Hampton got notice that the
IUnited States troops were to charge
on his men and he moved them out,
and next day his Red Shirts came in
headlong and yelling on horseback,
and on the dead run, and yelling
afoot, and swarmed over the town by
the thousands, and the worst strain of
it was over. And "Canary" Miller.:
elderly. peaceful and fat, looms up
again after all these years.
Mad Days and Merry Nights.
Mad days and bad days and merry
nights these times, with a thrill for
every hour and a danger for every
step. News paper men did not have to I
look for news. They could crowd the
wires with it until the wires could
not take no more. This was before
telephones, or typewriters or street
cars. Men depended on their own legs
and hands an deyeg and ears and
brains, and nobody thought of much
food or rleep, or cared much for any
live until spring or' that by spring
there would 'be any State of govern
And all the bright gay men who
chronicled that time from day to day,
who lived luxuriantly because with
peril and excitement their nerves' were
strung happily and tense always, who
joined in chorus and laughtehr to the
rising of many wintry suns or new
days of hard work and emergency,
there is. so far as we know, but one
left. When .the drama was over they
scattered to many parts of the world
whence they came, and we think they
are dead now, but one-and they were
young men, too.
Here is thanks to "Canary" Miller
for recalling a time, 34 years back,
well worth living in.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
County of Newberry.
By Frank M. Schumpert, Esquire,
WHEREAS, D. P. Bournignt maae
suit to me, to grant him Letters or
Administration of the Estate of and
effects of -J. Alonzo Bouknight
THESE ARE THEREFORE to cite
and admonish all and singular the
kindred and Creditors of the said J.
Alonzo Bouknight deceased, that they
be and appear before me, in the court
of Probate, to be held at Newberry,
S. C., on -the 15th day of June next if
ter publication thereof, at -11 o'clock
in the forenoon, to show cause, if any
they have, why the said Administra
tion should not be granted.
GIVEN under nmy hand, this 27th
day of May, Anno Domnini, 1911.
. F. M. Schumpert,
J. P.N. C.
Treasury Department, Office of
Comptroller of the Currency,.
Washington, D. C., May 6, 1911.
Whereas, Dy satisfactory evidence
presented to the undersigned, it has
been made to appear that "The Na
tional Bank of Newberry," located in
the town of Newberry, in the County
of Newberry, and State of South Caro
lina, has complied with all the pro
visions of the act lof congress "to en
able National Banking Associations to
extend their corporate existence, and
for other purposes," approved July 12,
1882, as amended by the act approved
April 12, 1902.
Nnw, therefore, I,''Willis J. Fowler,
2)eputy and Acting Comptroller of the
Currency, do hereby certify that "The
National Bank of Newberry," located
in the Town of Newberry, in the
County of Newberry and State of
South Carolina, is authorized to have
succession for the period specified in
its amended articles of association:
namely, until close of business on
May 6, 1931.
In testimony whereof witness my
hand and Seal of office this
(Seal) sixth day of May, 1911.
WILLIS J. FOWLER,
Deputy and Acting Comptroller of the
Charter,No. 1844. Extension No. 1033.
-'ventors." "inventions needed."
Send rough sketch or model for
Our Mr. Greeley was formerly.
s, and as sucTh h ad full charge.ox
-- Go To -
Gilder & Weeks
- And Spend
For One -
Otto the Great
Clear Havana Cigar
$5 per 100, $50 per 1000
Excursion Rates via
From Newberry, S. C.
Atlantic City, N. J., and return,
$22.45. Account meeting Grand
Lodge B. P. 0. E., July 10-15, 1911,'
tickets sold July 7, 8 and 9, 1911,
good returning July 20. Extension
until August 20, by depositing ticket
and payment of fee of one dollar.
Atlantic City, N. J., and return,
$22.45. Account International Con
vention, United Society Christian En
deavor, July 6-12, 1911. Tickets sold,
July 3, 4, and 5, 1911, good returning
July 19, 1911. Extension until August
15, by depositing ticket and payment
fee of one dollar.
Rochester, N. Y., and return, $27.55.
Account meeting Ancient Order,
obles of the Mystic Shrine, Imperial
ouncil, July 11-13, 1911. Tickets
old July 7, 8 and 9, 1911, good re
urning July 18, 1911. Extension un
il August 15, 1911, by depositing
ickets and payment of fee of one dol
Knoxvillie, Tenn., and r'eturn ,$8.35.
Aecount Summer School of the South,
une 20-July 28, 1911. Tickets sold
Jne 18, 19, 20, 24, 25, July 1, 8, 9, and
5, 1911, only, good returning to reach
riginal starting point fifteen days
from, but not including, date .of sale~.
Extension until September 30 by de
ositing ticket and payment of $1.00
Kansas City, Mo., and return, $43.90.
Acount Worlds Baraca-Philathea
onvention, June 10-15, 1911. Tick
ts- on sale June 8 and 9, 1911, good
returning June 18, 1911.
Charlottesville, Va., and return,
$11.35. Account University of Vlr-I
inia Sum'mer School, J,une 19-July
29, 1911. Tickets sold June 17, 19,
20, 23, 24, 26 and July 3 and 10, 1911:
ood returning fifteen days from, but
nt including, date of sale. Extension
util September 30 by depositing tick
e and payment of one dollar.
Sewanee, Trenn., and return, $12.45.
Account opening week, July 1-10, 1911,
Monteagle Bible School, July 15-25,
911; Monteagle Sunday School In
stitute, July 23-August 30, 1911.
Tickets sold June 30-July 1, 8, 15, 22,
29-August 11, 12 and 18, 1911. Good
returning September 5, 1911.
IMeridian, Miss., and return, $20.70.
Account Sunday School congress ot
the National Baptist Convention (col
red), June 7-12, 1911. Tickets sold
une 5 and 6 and for trains scheduled
to reach Meridian before noon June
7, 1911. Good returning June 14,.
Asheville, N. C., and return, $4.45.
Account Summer Student Conference,
. W. C. A., June 9-19, 1911. Tickets
sold 'june 8 and 9, 1611, only, good re
turning June 28, 1911.
Black Mountain, N. C., and return,
$4.95. Account Summer Student Con
ference Y. M. C. A., June 16-25, 1911.
Tickets sold June 15 and 16, 1911,
only, good returninst June 28, 1911.
Philadelphia, Pa., and return, $20.55.:
Account the Northern Baptist Con
-ention and the Baptist World Al-I
liance Congress, June 13-25, 1911.!
*Tickets sold June 9, 10, 12, 16 and 19,'
1911, good returning June 29, 1911.
Extension until JTuly 31, 1911, by de
positing ticket and paymen.t of one
ProportionatPly reduced rat0s from
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opero':' service. Prinan cars on all
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Pe o:-T:ailxd information, call on
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nagent, or. A. HT. Acker, T. P. A., A'
usta. Ga., or J. L. Meek. A. G. F. A..
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