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STATEMENT OF APPOIA
OF THE STAT)
In view of the misunderstandings
and errorecus statements that have
grown out of the recent protest issued
by State Superintendent Swearingen
in reference to the late adoption of
text books, the undersigned appointive
members of the State board of edica
tion submit to the people of South
Carolina the following stat2ament of
Fitness of the Nembers to Judge and
Select Text Books.
The undersigned members of the
board have all of them been for many
years intimately connected with the
schools. Most of them are teachers
of many years' experience, ranging
through nearly every grade and every
kind of school.
Special Preparation for the Adoption.
For something over two years, they
have had this adoption in view and
have, in consequence, been acquaint
ing themselves with usableness, suit
- ableness and merits of the books in
actual use in the schools. This,has
been done not only by examination of
the books themselves but by the ques
tioning of teachers all over the State.
For some six months prior to the
adoption, books to be offered began to
come in and expert representatives of
the book companies began their visits
to the several members of the board.
The coming,of these books and agents
increased In frequency, so that for
some three months before the adop
tion, the members were called upon
to spend most of their time, not given
to their regular work, in the examina
tion of books and the discussion of
them with agents.
This prolonged and searching exam
ination of text books to be submitted
was supplemented by informal discus
sions gnd coniparisons among the
members themselves while in attend
ance upon board meetings In Colum
bia. Hence the several members en
tered the adoption with clearly defined
views as to the relative merits' and
suitability of the various books, in
eluding thdose now in use, and had, in
many cases, their minds 'made up on
their first choice, or on the books
which they would be willing to accept
in place of this first choice, and with
definite ideas as to the opinions of
their fellow members. Consequently
when the time came for adoption, .the
members were virtually ready to vote
intelligently wIthout the necessity of
much discussion, though despite this
preparation there was full discussion
* on all: import*t books.
-- The undersigned mettbers submit,
*therefore, that with this experience
* and this study of the books, it Is rea
sonable to conclude that their indi
- vidual judgment as to'"the merits of
the books submitted deserves the same
consideration, and is just as likely to
be scorrect, as that of Mr. Swearingen.
and that -where a' majority of them
were agreed upon a particular book,
it is'just and rational, as well as dem
ocratic, to assume that this majority
opinion was more likely correct than
that of Mr. Swearingen or that of any
minority which included Mr. Swear
The So-Called Secret Ballot.
It -is unthinkable that Superintend
ent Swearingen intended in the slight
est defree to Impugn or make insin
uation against the integrity of the
members of the 'board, either individ
nally or collectively. Indeed we have
his assurance that he did not; yet that
construction has been put upon his
protest and especially upon his refer
.ence to a secret ballot. Hence we are
at a loss to understand why, when he
perceived that the newspapers so con
strued his protest, he did not, In jus
tice to 'himself and in justice to the
board, immediately publish a disclaim
er of any such intention.
This ballot, it is due to say, was not
- - secret in the sense that any member's
vote was cc.icealed. It is due to say
further, that not only was the method
based upon the precedent of the adop
tion of five years ago, but, in the
agreement to adopt the impersonal
Vote, it was distinctly stated that, if
in the voting any member desired to
put on record anything about the vote
or adoption, he had the right to do so.
In the case of most of the books,
especially of the more important ones,
there was always a preliminary dis
eussion which revealed whether there
was any decided differences of opin
Ion among the members. Some mem
-ber then put a particular book In
xomaination. There was a yet fuller
discussion, including comparisons
with such other books as individual
members thought worthy of mention.
An open individual vote was then tak
en. Thus the whole board k-new how
each member voted.
How the MIembers Tote'l.
On only three of the books adopted
were the undersigned members divid
ed in the final Tote. These were the
basal set of readers, the geographies
and the English books below the high
BOARD OF EDUCA TORS
1 school. The following voted for the
Wheeler Pri:ner: Messrs . Daniel,
Glenn, O'Dris-oll, Rembert, Thack
ston and Toms. In the case of the first!
land second basal readers, Messrs.
1 Glenn and Rembert voted for the!
Graded Class .cs of B. F. Johnson &
Co. as a solid basal set. Messrs. Dan
iel, O'Driscoll, Rice, Thackston and
Toms voted for the Wheeler first and
second readers, as adopted. In the
case of the geographies, the final vote,
stood for Maury. Messrs. Daniel,
O'Driscoll, Thackston and Toms; for
Frye, Messrs. Glenn, Rembert and
Rice. In the case of the grammars
the following voted for Kinard and
Withers books: Messrs. Glenn, O'Dris
coil, Rembert, Rice and Thackston.
The followin;g voted against these
books: Messrs. Danied and Toms. In
each such instance, however, those
who opposed the books finally adopted
cheerfully accepted and approved the
verdict of the majority. In the final
vote on all other books adopted the
undersigned members voted alike.
Change of Text Books.
In reference to the change of text
books, it must be remembered that the
law itself anticipates the necessity for
change in p:'oviding for a periodic
adoption. , The object, morever, in in
viting bids is to secure not the cheap
est books, but the best books at the
lowest prices. The board showed its
recognition o:: this principle as a pri
mary end in the fact that, at its first
meeting ahd' frequently in the course
of the adoption, it was repeated with !
emphasis that the first duty was to
get the best books irrespective of rea
sonable differences in price. One of
the most dangerous doctrines implied
in Mr. Swearingen's protest is that
which tends to establish the principle
that books should not be changed and
that cheapness is the chief object.
No man's child should be compell
ed to use inferior text books even
though such books were furnished
free of cost. Time once lost by the'
child through poor books, is never re
covered and the damage done is ir
reparable. People living in the coun
try, are, as a rule, not in position to
keep up with the advance in text book
improvements. These advances are on
a par with, or ahead of, improvements
along other lines; and books that were
relatively good tour or five years ago
may be relatively poor today. Surely
the country children are entitled to as
good books as the town children az'e.
This advantage the board was_ fully
determined they should have, without
regard to criticism.
Increase in Prices. -
Most of those who have made com
parisons between particular books of
the old and the new adoption have fal-'
len into serious and misleading er
Primer and Reader: In the case of
the primer, although the one adopted
costs 13 cents more than the old one,
it contains 6,700 words of reading mat
ter, whereas the old book contains on
ly 1,300. Thus the old primer, paste
board bound. cheaply made, poorly il
lustrated, gave 'only 110 words of read
Ing matter for one cent, while the new
Drimer, cloth bound, fully and beauti
fully illustrated, gives 225 words of
reading ma;ter for one cent. The~
judgment of the school world upon this
new book may be inferred from the
fact that it :2as been adopted in elev
en States. ,So, a.lso, are the readers
adoptefi superior to those discarded.
Reading is the most important sub
ject taught in the school, because the
child's progress in all other studies
depends upon his ability to read. That
series of readers which enables the
child to gain thiis power in the short
est possible time, is in the end the
best and the cheapest. Such a series
the undersigned members of the board
claim to have adopted.
Geographies: In comparison be
tween the old and the adopted primaryj
geographies, the following is the fact:
The book thrown out was confessedly
unsuitable and was not supported by!
a single member of the board. The!
board was finally limited to a choice'
between the new Primary Frye at 40
cents and the new Primary Maury at,
45 cents-a difference of 5 cents and;
not of 12 cents, as alleged.
Physiologies: It is equally unfair
and misleading to compare the cost
ofithe three book series of Physiolo
gies adopted with the two book series I
discarded. T2he third and added 'bookI
is to be used as an elective s'cience
in one of the high school classes and
was adopted in response to the most
marked movement of the day--the call ~
for the education of the people in
health laws and preservation. In the
two lower books, those adopted are~
so far ahead of the 'old books that -
there is no comparison. The Primer
of San itatio:1 alone if placed in the I
home of every man in South Carolina
an$ read and even partly followed
W'~u!d save ~:i '~flC year more money
* * * * * * * * * *
I * * * * * * * * *
Lutheran Church of the Redeem
Rev. Edw. Fulenwider, pastoi
Preaching every Sunday at 11 a.
.nd 8 p. m. Sunday school at 4 p.
1. B. Hunter, superintendent.
St. Luke's Episcopal Church, R
A. E. Cornish, rector-Preaching
ary 1st and 3rd Sunday afternoon
3 o'clock and every 5th Sunday mo
ng and afternoon. J. F. J. Caldwi
ay reader-Lay reading every 2
mnd 4th Sunday at 11 a. m. Sund
,chooi at 10 o'clock. J. F. J. Ca
Associate Reformed Presbyteri
3hurch, Rev. J. W. Carson, pastoi
Preaching every Sunday at 11 a.
3unday school at .9.45 a. m. E.
Aveleigh Presbyterian Church, R
I. E. James, pastor-Preaching evE
3unday at 11 a. m. Sunday school
p. m. Rev. J. E. James, superintex
Mayer Memorial Lutheran Churi
Rev. J. D.. Shealy, pastor.-Preat
ng every first, second and third St
lay at 11 a. m., and every first, th,
mnd fourth Sunday at 8 p. m. Sund
school every Sunday morning at
)'clock. JA D. Kinard, superintende
Preaching at Mollohon every seca
3unday night at 8 o'clock and evE
ourth Sunday moining at 11.
First Baptist Church of Newber
Rev. G. A. Wight, pastor-Preachi
every Sunday at 11 a. M. Sunc
school at 4 p. m. W. H. Hunt, sup
West Extd Baptist church, Rev. L
White, pastor-Preaching every S
day night at 8 o'clock and ev
Sunday morning at 11 o'clock. Si
day school every Sunday at 10 a.
J: Y. Jones, superintendent.
Central Methodist Church, Rev.
L. Banks, pastor-Preaching ev
Sunday at 11 a. m. and 8 p. in.' Sun4
school at 4 p. m. Jas. F. Epting, s
O'Neall Street Methodist Chur
Rev. W. C. Kelley, pastor-Preach
every first, second and fourth Sunm
at 11- a. in., and every second, third
fourth Sunday at 8 p. -im. Sunm
school 9.45. W. C. Bouknight, sus
Preaching at Mollohon every fl
Sunday night at 8 o'clock and ev
third Sunday morning at 11. Sunm
I T WAS NECESS
have a personal ta
city. The journm
with several importal
He used the Lon
had a satisfactory talk
was able to keep all hi~
The Long Distani
the efficiency of busine
needs. It can serve
:By the way
The stockholders of The Newber
And and Security Co., will hold the
.nnual meeting at Chamber of Co3
aerce rooms on Tuesday, July 18, 1L9:
,t 12 o'clock m, for the purpose
lecting directors for ensuing year a:
ttending to such other business th
aay be brought before the meeting.
Jno. M. Kinard,
July 8, 1911.77-11-taw
Sprains require careful treatmer
Eeep quiet and apply Chamberlair
zniment freely. It will remove ti
oreness and quickly restore the par
o a healthy condition. For sale by
* school at 9.45. F. H. Jones, superin
Beth Eden Pastorate.
* Service at Colony on second and
er, fourth Sundays at 11 a. m. Sunday
school at 10 a. m. T. J. Wicker, super
m- intendent. Beth Eden, first Sunday
M- 11 a. m., and third Sunday at 4 p. m.
Sunday school on first, second and
and fourth Sundays at 10 a. m., and
ev. on third Sunday 3 p. m. J. C. Craps,
iv- superintendent. St. James on third
at I Sunday at 10.30 a. in., and first Sun
,n- day 4 p. m. Sunday school every
ill, Sunday afternoon. Sidney J. Mayer,
ay Jas. D. Kinard, pastor.
* * * * * * * * *"* * * * * * * * *
an * LODGE DIRECTORY. *
* * * * * * * *.* * * * * * * * * *'
C. Woodmen of the World.
Maple Camp, No. 437, W. 0. W.,
meets every first and third Wednes
ev. day eve.ing at 7.45 o'clock. Vijit
ry ing brethren are cordially welcome.
at D. D. Darby, Clerk.
d- T. Burton, C. C.
Newberry Camp, No. 542, W. 0. W.,
ah, meets every second and fourth Wed
;h- nesday night in Klettner's Hall, at
Ln- 8 o'clock.
rd 0. 0. Smith, C. C.
ay J. J. Hitt, Clerk.
at. Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. I.
ad Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. M.,
ry meets every first Monday night at 8
o'clock in Masonic Hall.
Visiting brethren cordially Invited..
ry, Geo. S. Mower, W. M.
ng J. W. Earhardt, Sec.
er- Signet Chapter, No. 18, . A. .
Signet Chapter, No. 18, R. A. M.,
meets every second Monday night at
B. 8 o'clock in Masonic Hall.
Fred. H. Dominick, E. H. P.
Harry W. Dominick, Sec.
Golden Rule Encampment.
Golden Rule Eneampment, No. 23,
L 0. 0. F., will meet at Klettner's
Hall the 4th Monday night in each
month at 8 o'clock.
yL H. Hunt,
lay Chief Patriarch.
SW. G. Peterson, Scribe.
ch, Bergeil Tribe, No. 24, I. 0. B. N,
Bergell Tribe, No. 24, I. 0. R. MI.,
lyI meets every other Thursday night at
ndI8 o'clock at Kettner's Hall.
ay 0 . KleOttner, C. R.
er- J. H. Baxter, Sachem.
Cateechee Courn;il, No. 4, D. of P.,
rti , ,O.E. N.
ry IMeets 'every Tuesday night at 8
ly o'clock. ,0. Klettner, R. C.
ARY for the Attorney to
1k with a client in a distant
~y would seriously interfere
it engagements made for
SDistance Bell Telephone,
with his distant client and
engagements at homie.
~e Bell Telephone increases
as men who adapt if to their
ou with equal satisfaction
,have you a Bell Telephone?
~N BELL TELEPHONE
Wife Got Tip Top Advice.
ry "My wife wanted me to take our boy
.i to the doctor to cure an ugly boil,"
1rwrites D. Frankel, of Stroud, Okla. "I
D- said 'put Bucklen's Arnica Salve on
.1, it.' 'She did so, and it cured the boil
of in a short time." Quickest healer of
id Burns, Scals, Cuts, Corna, Bruises,
aSprains, Swellings. Best Pile cure on
aearth. Try it. Only 25c. at W. E.
Pelhain & Son.
FIRST CLASS BARBECUE.
2t The undersigned will furnish a first
- class barbecue at Prosperity on Sat
Lt. urday, July 16. Everybody is invited
l' to come and get a good dinner.
1eG W. Kinard,
E . B. B. Rikard.
OU GOODS A
YOU CAN'T (
From the fact that every
gets a square deal or nothi
actly what you are buyin
WE SELL TRUT]
that's the whole story. We try
and as little as possible, so that
Our Goods Ar(
Our Prices Arc
We therefore truthfully claim ti
a BARGAIN TRADE FOR I
offer bears the same relation to <
that a Diamond does t> other st
chief of all. Some dealers chrih
gain" and trust to the name to
Our Bargains Are Genuine
And best of all bargains offered,
prove to you that you can save :
us than any where else.
a beverage that fair
cious goodness and
W4 *4hasnmore to itthan
- K( falsweetness-it's vigc
You'll cnjoy it fr6
the last drop and afi
Send for 100,
$ $About Coca-Cola''
noxville, Tenn., and Return
Account Suthmer School of the Sol
Tickets on sale June 18, 19, 20,
1911, only, with final limit returnii
point not later than, but not is
date of sale. -
Monteagle, Tenn., and Return
Sewanee, Tenn., and Return
Account Opening Week, July 1
School, July 15-25, 1911, Monteag
July 23-August 30, 1911. Tickets
15, 22, 29-August 11, 12 and 18,
tember 5, 1911
Convenient schedules, superb ser
through trains, Dining Car service
call on ticket agents, or
J. L. MEEK, A. G.;P. A., FRAM
RE THE BEST
one trading with u
ng. We tell you e
g, oP in other wor
to make an hon
the buyer may co
iat every trade wit
OU. Every barg
>rdinary so-called bar
ones-it is the king
ten any thing as a "
in Name andN
Come at once. We
miore money trading w
R D AL R.
ly snaps with deli
rous, full of life.
ithe' first sip to
of Cca -Ca
1th, June 20, July 28, 1qi
24, 25, July 1, 8, 9 and r
ig to reach original starti
icluding, fifteen days
10, 1911, Monteagle Bble
le Sunday School Institute,
Son sale June 3o-July 1, 8;
1911, good returning,Sep
vice, Pullman Cars on
.For further informati
(K L. JENKINS, TC. E A,