Newspaper Page Text
tadi an r
Entered at the Postoffice at New
Ierry, S. C., as 2nd class matter.
E. H. AULL, EDITOR.
Tuesday, July IS, 1911.
THE CITY'S ICE SUPPLY.
During the hot weather through
which Newberry has passed this sum
mer ice has been almost as necessary
as nourishment, and more necessary
in many cases than proper raiment.
In the course of nature the hot
weather will continue yet for at least
about two months.
It is, therefore, of the utmost im
portance to the health of Newberry
that the city's ice supply should be
free from contaminations.
The Farmers' Oil Mill has had a
monopoly of the ice business in New
berry this summer. It has undertaken
to supply the city with ice, and in this
respect has made itself a public util
ity. It has assumed this work, we
suppose, for the legitimate profit which
may be made out of the business.
It is of the utmost importance,
therefore, that the ice which the Far
mers' Oil Mill puts upon the market
should be free even from the suspicion
of contamination. This is a high duty
which the Farmers' Oil Mill owes to
the people of Newberry-to the men,
women and children of Newberry.
The recent analysis of the distilled
water from which the Farmers' Oil
Mill manufactures its ice shows this
distilled water to be free from con
tamination. Both the "city water and
ice are free from contamination,"
says the board of health, in view of
the analyses made.
But the analysis of the spring wat
er, from which a part of the water
which is distilled is taken, ' shows
"positive bacterial indications of con
Mmintions." The sample, according
to the analysis, "contains coli-group
bacilli, indicating that same has been
contaminated by faecal matter of some
kind." "Conditions causing contamina
tion should be removed," says the ana
lysis. The "typhoid bacillus," says
the Newberry board of health, belongs
to the "coli-group bacilli."
In reply to an inquiry from The Her
aId and News over the telephone on
Monday, it was,stated at the Farmers'
011 Mill that the mill was con,tinuing
on Monday to use water from this
spring for distillation for the pur
pose of its manufacture into ice.
Why distill contaminated water
when there is pure water at hand in
We are mnformed by the city board
of health that the spring will be wall
ed in 'to prevent contaminations, and
.then another analysis will be made,.
and if it is not then free from contain
Inations, that the spring will1 be con
In the meanwhile, in accordancae
with the information given out at'
the Farmers' Oil Mill on Monday, the
spring is being used as a source of
supply of water from which the city's
ice supply is manufactured.
True, the analysis of the water after
'it is distilled, shows it to be free from
But two of Newberry's physicians
and who' are two as good physicians
and of as high standing as can be
found anywhere (and th'eir names
will be furnished if this statenent is
controverted) -give the following to
The Herald and News as their medical
In getting the spring water to the
point of distillation it is natural that
the pipes or the machinery through
which it comes will be contaminated
with the contaminated spring water.1
Tihe water being in use around dte
mill, it is altogether possible for the
Contaminations to slip in, evien though[
the water is distilled-and the typhus
bacillus, they say, would live in a!
block of ice on a trip to Europe. The
possibilities are so great that even in
handling contaminated water where
ice is manufactured, in getting the
*water on one's hands and then hand
ling the ice, the ice could be contamin
ated. The possibilities of contamina
tion, even though the distillation of
the water entirely purifies it, present
an element of danger which should:
absolutely condeim the use of tiny
water in the manufacture of a city's
ice supply, unless the water should be
free of contaminations. And this, no
matter how strictly or how thoroughly
or how many times tb water may be
The Farmers' Oil Mill now, accord
ing to the information received from
it, gets a good part of its water sup
ply from the city supply. It would
cost very little more to get from the
city supply all the water which it us
es in the manufacture of ice.
The city water is pure.
When it can be easily secured, at
very little additional cost, why use
water which presents an element of
The cost, as we state, would be very
little more. If it were a hundred
times as much as it is, would the
Farmers' Oil Mill be justified in using
water which presents an element of
The board of health says the spring
is to be walled in and then another
analysis made. Is the board of health
justified in allowing this spring water
to be used until the spring is walled
in and another analysis made? Why
wall in the spring and make another
analysis if there is no danger from the
spring as it is because the water is
distilled? And if there is danger from
the spring as it is ought not the board
of health to have condemned the
As we see the matter, the first duty
is with the Farmers' Oil Mill. The
Farmers' Oil Mill ought not to have
waited for an analysis made at the
request of the board of health in sat
isfying itself that any water which it
used was pure. When that analysis
showed contaminations in the spring,
no matter how many times the water
may be purified by distillation, ought
not the Farmers' Oil Mill to have im
mediately ceased to use contaminated
water for any purpose connected with
the manufacture of ice, and used the
pure city water at hand in abundance?
There are high duties which are
owed the public. This, it seems to us,
is one of them, and not by any means
the least of them.
The Herald and News publishes to
day the analyses of the city water, the
"distilled water" from the ice factory,
the "spring water" from the ice .fac
tory, the milk from Wilbur's dairy,
and the milk from Williams' dairy,
which were made by Dr. F.'L. Parker,
Jr., at the request of the Newberry
board of health.
The analyses speak for themselves.
The city water is found free from
eontamnination and pure.
The di.stilled water from the ice fac
tory is found free froin contamination
The spring water from the ice fac
tory shows "positive bacterial indica-:
tions of contaminations."
In the milk from the two dairies
"bacterial indications of contamina
tions" are found present.
That Newberry has as pure city wat
er as can be found anywhere has been
believed all along, and the conclusive
result of this analysis was expected
unless the water had become con,ta
minated in the stand pipe, which has
been found not to be the case. The
recent thorough cleaning of the standI
pipe, however, will make the people
feel easier, and, it is to be hoped that
the stand pipe will be kept clean and
the pipes drained as often as may be
As to the milk, the board of health
says "the milk from both dairies shows
the presence of the coli-group bacilli,
to which the typhoid bacillus belongs,
and could be the source of infection."'
The board says that it has "visited and
inspected the dairies, and found them.
in good sanitary condition. The only
point in which they fail to come up
to the requiremnts of the model dairy
is that the bottles are not boiled be
[fore being filled with milk to be dis
tributed to the public, and this fault
has been remedied." We assume that
this means that another anajysis
would show the milk free from con-'
taminations. We also assume that
another analysis will be made that
this may be showni. We have no doubt
the proprietors of these dairies will
do everything in their power to fur
nish as pure milk as it is possible to
furnish, and that they will take any!
steps which may he suggested by the
board of heath to that end.
The board of health states that the
analysis shows the ice free from con
tamination. As we understand it, the
analysis of the distilled water at the
ice plant shows this distilled water to
be pure. The analysis of the spring
water, however, from which part of
the water which is distilled is taken
shows, according to the analysis "posi
tive bacterial indications of contamin
ations." In reply to an inquiry over
the telephone on Monday, it was stat
ed that the ice factory was continuing
to use water from this spring in the
manufacture of ice, on the ground,
we presume, that the distillation of the
water will free it from the contamina
tions. We present in another editorial
in these columns what we consider to
be suggestions of vital importance to
the health of 'the people of Newberry
in this connection.
In glancing over the autobiography
of Col. T. B. Felder as published in the
State a few days ago we noticed that
it was stated that he was the hero of
Satan Sanderson, -a pretty and touch
ing little story by ITallie Ermine Rives.
Our recollection of this story is that
Tom Felder is a young lawyer who
figures in the trial of Satan Sanderson,
but if he has any part in the -heroics
we do not recall it. Satan Sanderson
is the hero, as we read the story.
The Anderson people are taking ac
tive steps to have the Blue Ridge road
finished through the mountains. Rep
resentatives have been to Charleston
and Columbia. About the only way
the Southern will build it will be for
the people along the route to take
about One million of the bonds neces
sary. It is estimated to cost three
million to complete it.
This proposition should interest
Newberry people because it is possi
ble for this road not to take the
tracks of the old C. and G. from Belton
to Columbia. It would be worth a
whole lot to Newberry to have this
line to the west, but it is possible for
us not to get it, event if it is built.
We must get up and go after it, if we
COM~E AND DO LIKEWISE.
When The Herald and News went'
on a cash basis about two years ago
we took from our mailing list at one
time and another some 1,200 names of
those who were in arrears and they
owed us an average of about $10~
each. A great many of these have
come back, but very few of them have1
paid anything on the old account. We.
felt sure that at least fifty per cent. of
it would be paid, but we have been:
badly fooled. The other day, however,
a good friend of ours and one who is
now a paid in advance subscriber]
came in and asked for his old account.
He said he owed it and wanted to~
pay it. It amounted to $7.25. Like
a.n honest man that he is he paid it.
If the others who owe us would do
likewise it would be a great help tof
us just now. We had about decided
to destroy the old books, but this friend
kindles a little ray of hope that there 1
may be others who would like to dis-1
charge this honest obligation. It.I
would be a very small matter to eachI
one, but a great big thing to us. We
mention this to encourage others to
come and do likewise.
The board of health ought to con-ic
demn all those private sewers in theI
town that empty into either fork of
Scotts creek and that empty into H
drains about the town. We understand
that there a'e severgl of this kind t
that wiere put in probably before the,c
sewer connection was available. They h
certainly cannot be productive of I
tiealth and now that the sewer is t
available it should be used.
We have heard that The Herald andr
News has been criticized for calling l
attention to the fever in town. We
~elt then and feel now that we did thes
right thing. It has resulted in arous
ng our officials to looking into the~ S
situation. au: a e>aning of the stand-T
3ipeaned a flushing rf the water mains r
and ordering the town clean+d. BE
sides we feel it a duty we owe th
public to put it on guard. No use t
suppress the facts.
The North Carolina Letter Carrier:
association is an intelligent and prc
gressive organization. At its annua
meeting in Asheville the associatio
took a strong stand for good road.
and it should have a powerful effec
on people who never give the "questio
a thought. Good roads mean more an
better rural delivery service, beside
all the other benefits, and the man wh
opposes highway improvement head
off the postman and progress.-Wil
mington (,N. C.) Star.
The rural carriers of South Carc
lina are also strong advocates of goo
roads. The farmer who is not, oppose
his own best interests, or as the Sta
well says, he heads off the postmai
and progress. And yet it is a difficul
matter to raise money to put in road:
THE NEED OF PARKS.
When the prophet giving a pictur
of peace, contentment and righteous
ness, drew the picture of boys an
girls playing in the streets, ther
were no such things as autos and mo
torcycles. In our modern cities
street is about the most dangerou:
place in which to, let children play
and the wise parent will not allow i
if it can be avoided. But in man:
places the street is about the onl:
place for children to: play outdoor.
and one ghastly result is seen in thh
accidents that occur by being run ove:
in some places. One lesson to bi
learned is the providing of parks an<
other open spaces where childrei
romp and play to their hearts' con
tent. No community, however small
should be without such a spot for, ix
addition to being a playground, it add:
to the appearance of the place-Or.
angeburg Times and Democrat.
We hope the people of Newberr]
will take note that there are othei
communities) realizing the value ani
importance of parks and playgroundi
besides Newberry. Every town shouk
provide a park or playground for th4
children and a place of recreation fo:
the grown-ups. Newberry can do 11
now at a minimum of cost and get i
centrally located place. Why shoulc
we wait. We have a subscription o:
about $3,000, but it will take threi
times that amount to get even a 'small
place, unless some of those who owi
the land will give it at a nominal price
and there is no special reason why
they should be called upon to do what
th whole people could do at a very
small outlay for each one. What is
ieeded is cooperation and then the
burden will be light on each one..
THE TOLL TOO GREAT.
Under this caption the Charleston
Post gives the following facts and
Egures from the government statis
"The price South aCrolina pays out.
siders for things that can be produced
n the State is heavy. An epitome of
igures given by a government statis*
:ician shows that in a year South Car*
)lina buys from people in other States:
Iorses and mules, $11,550,000; bacon,
$13,000,000; dairy products, $12,000,.
)00; flour, $20,000,000; commercial
~eedstuffs, including hay, $4,000,000;
:anned and othet goods bring the an
iual total to $72,000,000. A cursory
~la.nce over the items listed in the
'oregoing brings profounsl regret, for
tIl of them can be produced in South
Jarolina. The record is very disheart
mi1ng, but, happily, repeated publica
ion of these and kindred facts, aided
>y the intelligent efforts of men who
iave been carefully studying the bar
iers at present interposed, is gradu
tlly bringing about improvement of a
orry situation, there being some evi
ence that South Carolinians who
tave the facilities for producing food
or man and beast are beginning to
[evote serious attention to these im
The record is disheartening, as the
most very well says. The Herald and
Jews has for many years urged upon
he farmers of this section the folly
~f buying so many things they could
;row on the farm, and undertaking to
nake the money with which to buy
hem by growing cotton. We could eas
ly be the richest section of the world
E we only would. We can make al
aost everything we need and then
lave the cotton we grow as a surplus
aoney crop. We want our farmers to
tudy these figures. They contain a
ery wholesome lesson. The toll this
tate pays, as the Post well says, is
:holly out of proportion and there is
o sense in continuing it.
e The editor of The Herald and News
o has received a private letter from a
prominent citizen of another co'unty
which is along the line we have been
urging for a number of years and es
pecially as to the railroad situation in
this county. We take the liberty of
making a few extracts from the letter
t without giving the name of tae writer.
n It only shows that people outside of
d Newberry can see what a great oppor
o tunity we have and yet we can scarce
s ly get our own people to sit up and
take notice. We let an opportunity
like this slip away from us once and
we should profit by that experience.
d We do not propose to argue the ques
s tion now, but the proposition is self
r evident and it would be a waste of
' words to try to argue.
t Here is how it appears to an out
"In glancing over a map of South
Carolina today it struck me. that it
would not be a bad idea if Newberry
could be connected with the Seaboard
at Whitmire. While I know nothing
about the .Seaboard management, still
I believe it would be a good idea for
your hustling business men to consid
er the matter carefully and make the
company an offer to help by rights-of
t way, subscriptions, etc. If you ever
got that branch you would then be in
good position for connection on to
Spartanburg with the Clinchfield and
probably to Augusta through Saluda.
I hope you will not think me officious,
but I am just throwing these* sugges
tions out for what they are worth.
. . . I believe this would be a big
help to your town and county and
there is no telling what would de
velope from it."
Now if Col. Felder would only run
for governor of Georgia-but things
are really hot enough ap it is.-Ex
You know this same CoL Tom Fel
der started out to run for congress
once, not so many years ago, and
when old Col. Lon Livingston began
to get down the record the running
was not so swift, and soon got down
to a walk, and then there was no run
ning at all.
The Southern railway is going to
have a good roads train to visit thid
State somethase a the near future.
Why not have the train visit Ne.wberry
while on the tour? Good roads Is the
live issue now and the more interest
-that we can arouse the better.
The State board of health condemns
the hosiery mill at the penitentiary
-as unhealthy and the work unsanitary.
The board of directors says that it is
perfectly sanitary and there is nothing
wrong with it and the contract .must
be carried out. Of course the toard
of directors know. What the legisla
ture should do is to put all the con
victs now on the farms and in the pen
itentiary on the roads and build a few
through State roads. The farms could
be rented. Fifteen hundred convicts
with proper supervision and machinery
could build a road across the State
every month and in a very few years
this State would have the best roads
of any section of the wo,rld.
E TERNAL VILIGANCE.
We can not be too careful to make
ISpartanburg clean and healthy at this
season of the year. So far ire have
Ihad a remarkably low death record
for this season of the year. There
has been little, if any, typihoid fever
in towp this summer. But we must
remember that eternal vigilance is
certainly the price of health.-Spar
What is true of Spartanburg is true!
of Newberry. In addition to the state
ment as to Spartanburg we already'
have some few cases of fever for the
reason possibly that we did not exer
cise that eternal vigilance which is the
price of helth. The policy here seems
'to prefer the pound of cure. The
Herald and News urged in the early
spring the advisibility on the part of
the board of health of ordering a
thorough cleaning of the town. No
notice was taken of it until the fee
had started. After The Herald and
News calls attention to the existence
of the fever then the board of health
orders a cleaning and secures samples .
of the water supply and the milk sup
ly and has the analysis made.
The Newberry water supply is pro
none-refo otmnto n
nanna free fenm onntaminatinn and
pure. The commissoners of public
works on Saturday had the water
drawn from the standpipe and the in
terior thoroughly washed down from
the top. There was considerable ac- *
cumulation of sediment in the bottom
of the pipe, but there 'was no bad odor
connected with it. Al this was shov
eled out and hauled away and in ad
dition the water mains and hydrants
were all thoroughly flushed. This is
to be done regularly hereafter, so we
are told by the commissioners.
It will be remembered that The He
ald and; News urged this most vig
ously some years ago and for aw
just a little water was turned
the hydrants semi-occasionally.
are glad the commissioners are .g
to look after this. We have p
water-none better-and we shoul
use every effort to keep it free fro
OPENING OF BOOKS OF SUBSCEIP
TION TO THE CAPITAL STOCK
OF THE FARMERS' BANK, SIL
VERSTREET, S. C.
Pursuant to a commission issued to
the undersigned by Hon. R. M. Mc
Cown, Secretary of State of the State
of South aCrolina, notice is hereby
given that the books of subscription
to the capital stock of the Farmers'
Bank, Silverstreet, S. C., a proposed
banking corporation, will be opened
at the store of the Saluda Supply com
pany, at Silverstreet, lewberry Coun
ty, South Carolina, on the 20th day of
July, 1911, at 10 o'clock in the fore
noon. The proposed capital stock of
the said corporation is twenty thou
sand dollars, divided into four hun
dred shares of the par valuesof fifty
1L 0. Long,
H. P. Stephens,
J. T. Coleman,. -
J. M. Nichols,
B. M. Havird,
D. B. Wheeler,
W. W. Long,
S. K. Paysinger,
Board of Corporators.
Silverstreet, 8. (., July 15, 191!.
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CABOtIJA -
The Univerwity of South Oaro1iina ot
ters schdiarships in the-school1of edu
cation to one young man from .eachi
county. Each scholarshipijs worth
$100 in money,..and'$18 term fee wad
Examiation will be theld at the
county seat July 14, 1911 .xamlnn
tioun of students generally for admis
ssoon to thes wniversity will be held at
the same time.
Write for information to S. C. Mlbe
chell, president, Columbia, S. C.
Never leave home on a journey with
out a bottle of Chamberlain's colif -
cholera and' diarrhoea remedy. It Is
almost certain to be needed and .can
not be obtained when on board the
cars or steamships. Fori sale by all
Columbia, Newberry A Laurens B, B.
Schedule In effect Octobe'r 6, 1910.
Subject to change without notice.
schedules indicated are not guaran
A. C.L. 52. 53.
Lv. Charleston.. ... 6.10am 10.00pm
Lv. Sumter.. .. ... 9.41am 6.20pm
C., N. &L
Lv. Columbia......11.15am 4.55pm.
Lv. Prosperity...12.42pm 8.34pm
Lv. Newberry.. .. .12.56pm 3.20pm
Lv. Clinton...... .1.50pm. 2.35pm
Lv. Laurens.. ....2.35pm 2.12pm
C. &W. C.
Ar. Greenville. . .. 4.00pm 12.20pm
Ar. Spartanburg. .. 4.05pm 12.20pm
8. A. L.
Ar. Abbeville .. .. 3.55pm 1.02pma
Ar. Greenwood.. .. 3.27pm 1.33pm
Ar. Athens.... .... 6.05pm 10.30am
Ar. Atlanta....... 8.45pm 8.00a.m
A. C.L. 54. 55.
.v. Prosperity... .. 6.26pm 9.50am
Ev. Newberry.. .... 6.44pm 9.32am
lv. Clinton.... .... 7.35pm 8.44am
57. Laurens.. .. .. 7.55pm 8.2OainJ
~r. C.& w. 4
r.Greenville.. ... 9.20pm 7.00ama
kr. Greenwood.. . 2.28am 2.38amL
k.r. Abbeville.... .. 2.56am 2.O8ami
kr. Athens.. .... .5.04am 11.59pma
Nos. 52 and 53 arrIve and depart
rom Union Station, Columbia, daily,
tnd run through between Charleston
Nos. 54 and 6b arrive and depart
1ervais street, Columbia. daily, ex
~ept Sunday, and run through be
ween Columbia and Greenville.
For Information ask agents or writ&
W. J. Craig, P. T. i.,
Wilmington, N. C.
F. Livingston, S. A.,
Con1nmbIa, . C.f