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SMITH DEXANDS PROMPT ACTION.
Declares Government Cotton Estimates
Washington, Aug. 1S.-Senator E.
D. Smith, of Soub Carolina, today
spoke at length in the senate in be
half of a resolution which he intro
duced, requesting the secretary of
agriculture, if feasible, to issue a pre
liminary report upon the conditioil of
the cotton crop, and to make the re
port public at the first possible mo
Senator Smith contends that it is
only fair to the Southern cotton far
mers that the department should issue
a special statement of the condition
of the crop now, in order to atone in
some degree for the damage done to
the farmer by tie advance estimate of
June 25. In this connection, the sen
ator read telegrams from the agricul
tural department of the various cot
ton States, tending to prove that the
federal department's advance guess
was heavily excessive.
Supported by Simmons.
Senator Simmons, of North Carolina,
supported Senator Smith by calling at
tention to the fact that the federal de
partment's pessimistic guesses as to
the corn cro- in the cotton States,
where corn is subject to very much
the same influences as tne cotton crop.
Senator Burton, of Ohio, a corn
growing State, endeavored to break
the force of the South Carolinian's
argument, but with no success, and
also did Senator Burnham, of New
Hampshire, a leading cotton mill State.
Senator Smith agreed to referring
his resolution to the senate committee
on agriculture, if senator Burnham,
the chairman, would promise to call
the committee together at once to con
sider it. The chairman promised, and
the committee voted to submit the
matter to~the secretary of agriculture,
asking him to report, before the meet
ing of the senate tomorrow, whe.her
or not the request made in Senatcr
Smith's resolution is feasible.
Wilson Promises Reply.
Chairman Burnham and 'Senator
Smith went to see Secretary Wilson
and communicated to him the commit
tee's wish and the secretary promised
to "talk -with the boys" who get up
Nthe department's figures and let the
senate know. In the event of an un
tavorable answer from the secretary
of agriculture, the South Carolina sen
ator announces his intention to push
hi resolution with all hie mnight.
Senator Heyburn, who was in the
chair when Senator Smith was speak
lng today, asked the latter if his reso
lution was offered as a substitute for
the previous resolution, asking infor
mation as to the methods employed
by the department of agriculture in
inaking advance estimates. Senator
Smith replied emphatically it was not
and that he would press both resolu
Senator Smith said cotton dropped
$20 a bale on the strength of the gov
ernment's report of a 3,000,000-bale in
crease in this year's crop.
"This estimate was made June 28,"
he declared, "before part of the crop
was out of the ground." i
Protest Apparently Unheeded.
He said he protested to Secretary
Wilson and was informed the secre
tary did not know the preliminary re
port had been issued and that it would
not occur again. But on August 2
Senator Smith added, another glowing
preliminary report was issued.
"I should hate to draw in the .sen
ate of the United States," Senator
Smith said, "the conclusions that I
might feel might be drawn from this
remarkable report of the agricultural
department. Either the commission
ers of all the cotton States, men right
on the ground and familiar with con
ditions, are utterly mistalen or else
the agricultural department is wrong
in its deductions that' there will be a
record crop this year.",
On account of his belief that the
cotton growers of the South have bee 1
heavy losers by the guesswork advance
crop estimates of the department of
agriculture Senator Smith of South
Carolina, today issued the following
statement intended to offset these er
roneous estimates as far as possible:
Senator Smith's Statement.
On July 3 the agricultural depart
ment issued its monthly crop report,
giving the condition of the growing
cotton crop as 88.2 per cent of normal,
as compared with 80) per cent. as the
average condition on June 25 during
the past ten years. The number of
acres to be harvested was estimated at
The following language, as reported
by the press, was used as a deduction
from these two facts:
"The condition indicates a probable
yield of 202.8 pounds per acre which,
on 34,000,000 acres, would mean 6,895,
000.000 prounds, or about 14,425,000
I saw the secretary of agriculture
and he informed me that any estimate
as to the probable yield that may have
been issued from his department, bas
ed upon a condition report, was with
out his knowledge or consent, and
would not occur again.
On August 2 the crop reporting bu
reau of the department of agriculture
place the condition of the crop fron:
estimates gathered up to July 25 al
89.1 per cent. of normal. An estimate
was made ulon this, but marked it
the press reports "unofficial," that th<
probable yield would be 14,700,00(
I introduced a resolution in the sen
ate requiring the secretary of agricul
ture to furnish detailed information aE
to the methods employed in ascertain
ing the condition of the growing crop
the names of the persons by States
making the reports.
Appeal From Sumter.
On August 15 I received the follow
"Sumter, S. C., August 15, 191.
"The Hon. E .D. Smith, Washington,
D. C.-Joint meeting Sumter Farmers
union and chamber of commerce. Cot
ton situation discussed. From infor
mation cotton yield greatly overesti
mated. Drought unbroken. Deteriora
tion rapid and general. Request you
urge department of agriculture make
immediate investigation and publish
"E. W. Dabbs,
"President Farmers' Union.
"A. W. Snell,
"R. I. Manning,
"Acting Ch'm Chamber Commerce."
I took the matter up with the de
partment of agriculture, and the as
sistant secretary informed me that the
department had been discussing the
advisability of making arrangements
for an inter-monthly report when the
conditions were extraordinarily un
usual, but that they were not prepared
to do this work efficiently in this em
ergency; that it was only about ten
days before they would issue their Au
gust condition report.
In order to get the facts officially as
near as possible, I saw a senator from
each of the nine principal cotton grow
ing States and requested them to send
the following telegram to the commais
sioners of agriculture of their respec
"Wire immediately what deteriora
ton, if any, has taken place in condi
tion of cotton crop your State since
July 25. Also give prospective yield
our State, this year, as compared with
The following replies have been re
ilne States IEespon1d.
Jdckson, Miss, Aug. 15, 1911.
Hon. John Sharp Willaias, Wash
ington, D. C.-Deterioration 20 per
cent.. Excessive rains. Overflow. Boll
weevil and worms. Outlook not en
(Signed) A. E. Blakeslee.
Atlanta, Ga., August 15, 1911.
Hon. A. 0. Bacon, Washington, D
C.-Deerioration of cotton since July
26 is at least 20 per cent The' yield
comparison to last year about the
(Signed) T. G. Hudson.
Montgomery, Ala., Aug. 15,1911.
Hon. J. H. Bankhead, Washington,
D. 0.-Deterioration since July 25 al
least 15 per cent. Estimate the yield
as compared with last year 5 per -cent
(Signed) I. F. Kolb.
Austin, Tex., Aug. 15, 1911.
Hon. C. A. Culberson, Washington,
D. 0.-Your wire 15th. Slight deter
ioration in cotton crop since July 25.
Prospects very slight increase if any,
in yield in this State compared to last
(Signed) Ed R. Kone.
Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 15, 1911.
Hon. James P. Clarke, Washington,
D. 0.-Cotton crop has slight deprecia
tion since July 25, caused by rain. In
ferior fruitage and lateness of plant
will not give us a crop exceeding last
'year,- notwithstanding fine appearance
of stalk at this time.
(Signed) Clay Sloan.
Raleigh, N. 0., Aug. 15, 1911.
Hon. Lee S. Overman, Washington,
D. 0.--Commissioner absent. No de
terioration in cotton crop. Outlook for
better yield than last year.
(Signed) Elias Carr.
Baton Rouge, La., Aug. 15, 1911.
Hon. Murphy J. Foster, Washington
). C.--No reports of deterioration re
ceived since date mentioned, though
the continued rains now prevailing
might prove disastrous. The present
outlook indicates a third more cotton
than last year.
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 15, 1911.
Hon. Robert L. Owen, Washington,
D. C.-Practically no change in con
dition of cotton since July 25. Estima.
ed yield for this year 1,000,000 bales.
(Signed) G. T. Bryan.
Columbia, S. C., Aug. 15, 1911.
Hon. E. D. Smith, Washington, D. C.
-Yours even date. Our crop now in
the midst of crucial period. In certain
sections deterioration rapid and
heavy. In many others none. Condi
tion not as good as on July 25. Until
end of August would not care to ven
ture prediction as to total production.
If no adverse conditions in three weeks
this State's crop will be about an
(Signed) E. J. Watson.
Bumper Crop not Indicated.
From the foregoing it will be seen
that, according to the commissioners
of agriculture of the States of Geor
gia, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, the
yield will probably be no greater in
these States than last year.
In Alabama deterioration since
July 25 to August 15 has been 15 per
cent., and with present prospects the
yield only 5 per cent greater than last
From North Carolina the report does
not come from the commissioner. The
increase, if any, is not indicated.
From Louisiana the report is to the
effect that the crop would be a third
greater than last year. Louisiana
made last year, according to the de
partment, 256,375 bales.
From Oklahoma the report is to the
effect that they will make 1,000,000
bales. Oklahoma, mane last year, ac
cording to the department, 955,951
From South Carolina the report is
that, if conditions remain practicaly
the same, the yield will be about an
average crop. The conclusion, there
fore, from these reports would seem
to be, taking the increase\of Oklaho
ma, Louisiana and North Carolina and
Alabama, not exceeding 1,000,000 bales.
The conclusion drawn from these
reports are widely at variance with
the preliminary estimate made by the
department of agriculture.
The stock of cotton on hand Is, per
haps, the smallest in more than a de
cade. Were there to be an unusually
large crop, the world has need for
every pound of It at a much higher
price than they are now offering. I
hope the farmers will see to it that
they shall not be deceived, stampeded
and led Into sacrificing their cotton
gy these reports..
-Act wisely and coneervatively.
Agree amongst yourselves what you
are willing to take, and stand by that
Every time you guess right It was
STip Top Advice.
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said 'put Bucklen's Ar ica Salve on
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* LODGE DIRECTOEY. *
* * * * * * * ** * * * * * * ** *.
Woodmen of the World.
Maple Camp, No. 437, W. 0. W.,
meets every first and third Wednes
day eveting at 7.45 o'clock. Tit
Ing brethiren are cordially welcome.
D. D. Darby, Clerk.
*T. Burton, C. C.
Newberry Camp, No. 542, W. 0. W.,
meets every second and fourth Wed
nesday night In Klettner's Hall, at
0. 0. Smith, C. C.
J. J. Hitt, Clerk.
Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. I.
Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. M.,
meets every first Monday night at 8
o'clock In Masonic Hall.
Visiting brethren cordially invited.
G'eo. S. Mower, W. M.
J. W. Earhardt, Sec.
Signet Chapter, No. 18, E. A. L.
Signet Chapter, No. 18, R. A. M.,
meets every second Monday night at
8 o'clock in Masonic Hall.
Fred. H. Dominick, E. H. P.
jHarry W. Dominick, Sec.
Bergell Tribe, No. 24, 1. 0. B. K.
Bergell Tribe, No. 24, I. 0. R. M.,
meets every other Thursday night at
8 o'clock at Klettner's Hall.'
0. Klettner, C. R.
J1. H. Baxter, Sachem.
Cateechee Council, No. 4, D. of P.,
I. . .M.
Meets every Tuesday night at 8
n'clock. .0. Klattner. R. C.
Copyright 1909 b.
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