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SENATOR ErID. MITH
(Cont;uued from page one).
on along exported brought into this
untr $456,000,000-over half. That
as e .:port alone, besides furnishing
very loom and every spnidle in
mer' an. When the department is
'ed hat marvelous report, cotton
'brok within about six or eight weeks
Wen y dollars on the bale. Represent
9 what? The loss, on tne average
ortation of 8,000,000 bales of $160,
00,000. Not a man on the floor of the
enate, he said, raised his voice in pro
est except the junior senator from
GoTernment's Cotton Estimate.
He said it made no difference to him
whether a gambler by virtue of mis
representation took his money, or
whether an official of the government
takes it he would go for one as much
.as the other. The department of agri
,culture had no right to issue that re
'ort and if Secretary Wilson did not
know it was issued it was criminal
-negligence, and if he was too old to be
in there it was time a younger man
was put in there. He said he went to
the department of agriculture and
found the report had been issued by
Mr. Murray, of the department, in the
absence in Europe of Assistant Sec
Tetary Armstrong, in charge of this
,department. He said he learned from
Mr. Murray that the estimate was
,mad by taking the average of condi
tions and' acreage for the past five
years and comparing it with acreage
.and coilitions this year.
Raps Secretary Wilson.
'He said he then went into Secretary
Wilson's office, and asked him. by
'what authority he est.mated how much
ecotton was going to be made on June
eports when part of the cotton wasn't
p. He said, "I didn't do it." Senator
ith told him some one in his de
artment did it, and Secretary Wilson
old him it was without his knowledge
nd consent. "I don't know what
-nowledge or consent you may have
ad," said 'Senator Smith, "but it has
een issued, and as a result cotton has
roken, and the 'law explicitly says
hat up to the ginners' report you
hall only make report as to condi
ons." He says, "It will never hap
en' again." I said, "The dickens! it
as happened and the breaking of the
rket hias happened."
Resolution for Publicity.
Senator Smith said .he went back
nd introduced his resolution to the
ect that the secretary give to the
bfic 'the method by which he got
ese reports, and the sources of infor
ation. He said he was urged not to
sh it because the gamblers and the
w York and New Orleans exchanges
uld flood the departmnent with tele-1
ms and kill the reports. He said
told them that if the department
ld be influenced by those method,
intended to push it, and let the
blc know it. Before he could press
resolution the next report of 14,
,000 bales was issued. They did1
k it unofficial, but it emanated
m the department and cotton con
ued to go O. down.
timates From Southern Commis.
He thnwent to the senators from:
ch of the nine Southern States and:
d them wire their commissioners:
r estimates. The total iycrease
er last year, according to these
mmissioner~s, if no further deteriora
n went on, was a little less than 1,
0,000 bales. Last year there were,
out 11,400,000 real commercial bales,
hich would ma'ke the estimate of the
mmaissioners, if there *as no fur
er deterioration, about 12,400,000,
ile the government was issuing an
timate of 14,700,000. So on the floor
the senate he said either these com
issioners elected by the people to;
k after their interests, on the
ound, familiar w ith the cultivation
cotton, didnt know what they were
lking about, or the department
dn't, or the commissioners were
illing to misrepresent facts or the
ent was willing to misrepre
cts. And he 'ntroduced a reso
requir'ing the department to
t an immediate report so as to
act, if possible its estimate.
tary Wilson said he didn't
ye the money to make the re
sort. "I says, somebody has got
he money to make an estimate,
ou have cost my section already $20
bale, and if they have sold 1,000,000
ales since then it has cost us $20,
'00,000, it looks to me like somebody
maight strain a point and counteract it.
The next morning he sent in a memor
andum to the effect that he had al
ready sent out blanks and instructed
'his reporters to get out as early re
port as possible as to the condition.
"Pullman Car" Reporting.
"I says, if the secretary of agricul-.
ture will go to work and get those re
ports honestly and squarely, and pub
country decide as to whe-her it is fair
and square, I will acquiesce, but so
help me God I propose to fight this
method of crop reporting until they
stop this Pullman car business-some
fellow from some of the Northern
States,' or perhaps from some of the
States of the South, who doesn't know
a cotton stalk, going out in a Pullman
car and talking to somebody and com
ing back and reporting on the welfare
of 17,000,000 people!"
"-Back to Farm" Cry.
He said there was no "back to medi
eine" cry, or "back to law" cry, and
the "back to tfie farm cry" was by
those who wanted more competition
on the farm so as to reduce the value
of farm products, and stop paying 40
cents a dozen for eggs, and propor
tionate prices for other things raised
on the farm. "Thank God, the farmer
has got to the point where he says, I
will either eat my own rations or you
will give me enbugh for them."
He urged the farmers to use their
brains, and to stick together.
Farm Demonstration Work.
He said he was not going to in
veighl against the farm demonstratioa
'work, because he thought it was a
good thing. But a pronounced object
in bringing about the conditions
sought was in order, in making two
bales of cotton grow where one grew
before, and ten bushels of corn grow
where one grew before, and in eradi
cating cattle tick and other things, to
get two bales of cotton for the price
of one, and two bushels of corn for the
price of one, and cheaper cattle and
other things. He wanted the fa.:mers
to know their own business and to
demand the prices of two bales for th3
two bales where one grew before, and
the price of two busuels of con for
the two bushels wh?re one grow b
Organization of Manufacturers.
He referred to th meeting of the
International Federation of Cotton
Spinners and Weavers at Brussell.
last year, where all the manufacturiLg
interests were represented, where it
was decided to curtail in order to
keep the .price of cotton down though
it was realized and stated by the
manufacturers that- if full time was
made' by the mills every bale of cot
ton would be used before the season
was over. Because of the organiza
tion, it was easier -to put thle price of
raw cotton down than to put the price
of the finished' article up.. Why? Be
cause of the fact that many farmers
hypothecated their cotton, and could
not hold it and demand a fair price.
Every. time a man who can not hold
puts a bale on- the market, he jeopar
dizes a bale of the man who can hold,
and it is to the interest of the man
who can hold to arrange for the man
who can't, to hold.
14,000,000 Crop -Ought to Bring '15
A 14,000,000 'crop, he said, ought to
bring -15 cents a pound, an4 the world
Dught to be glad to get it at that. He
rapped the'Southern mills, right in
the cotton patches, for allowing the
New England mills to undersell them,
after paying freight and numerous
other charges in getting the raw ma
teriail to the mills, but .said, in justice
to the Southern mills, he thought one
reason was that he was informed they
were paying the highest rate of inter
est, of any men of like capital in like
.Wants -Farmers to Get Together.
He urged, the farmers to rall:'
around the president of their union,
and get .together, and fix their price,
and stand by that price. In this day
of sumptuary laws, 'he said, when the
United States had gone into business
and was running it in tEe interest of
the great business interests, it was
time that the farmers looked after
their own interests.
At the conclusion of Senator
Smith's address he was given a ris
ing vote of thanks.
LANDMUARK OF WASHINGTON.
Washington, Aug. 25.-The old home
of .iefferson Davis while he was sec
retary of war was relinquished todayj
by the militia division of the war de
partment, which had occupied the his
torical structure since the division
was ' created several years ago. The1
Davis home' is one of the landmarks
of Washington, standing on the corner
of 18th and G streets.
The new home of the militia divist
ion, located at the intersection of
Pennsylvania avenue and 17th streets,
diagonally across from the war de
partment proper, is also a notable old
building. When the citizens of the
District of Columbia exercised the
franchise and were ruled by a gover
ncr, this structure was the municipal
palace, containing all the executive of
fices of the local government. It is
a little yellow brick structure, and to-'
day. makes a sorry comparison with
the magnificent marble edifice contain
ing the offices of the district commis
From the fact that eve
gets a square deal or no
actly what you are bu:
WE SELL TRU
that' the whole story. We
and as little as possible, so tb
our Goods A
Our Prices A
We therefore truthfully clair
a BARGAIN TRADE FOP
offer bears the same relation
that a Diamond does to othei
chief of all. Some deaiers cl
gain" and trust to the name
Our Bargains Are Genui
And bess of all bargains offei
prove to 'ou that you can sa
us than any where else.
0 THE FAIR AND S
Carleston, S. C., 4
Cincinnati, New Otleans
SA High lass, Modern,
Combined Baggage and Smok
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Observation Car, and
Offering the Following
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Imnmediate connection at L<
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For detailed information
all on nearest TicketaAgent,
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Prize Offers fromilee
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search of Patent Office records.
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hry one trading with us
thing. We tell you ex
ring, or in other words
try to make an honest-?profit
.at the buyer may come back.
re All Right
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, that every trade with us is
. YOU. Every bargain we
to ordinary so-called bargains
stones-it is the king and
iristen any thing as a "Bar
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me in Name and Nature!
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wd Cincinnti, 0
md Texas Pacific Rwy.
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xington for and from Louis-N
innati for and from Chicago,
it, Toledo, Columbus, etc.
,Pullman reservation, etc.,
D.P.A.,FRANK L JENKINS, T.P.A.
2, S. C. Augusta, Ga..
tDWICK,. P.I.M., H. F. GARY, C.,P.,
agton, D. C. Washington, D). C.
reators." "Invenxtions5 needed."
md rough sketch or model for:
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HE first need
best Bait is
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ing depends largely
Bait he puts into y,
the Fish you are afi
see the Bait? Tha
Every sort of I
Man uses should ad
-the Card, ,he Bi]
log and Newspaper
piece of printing sho
on it that will ma
Notice, Stop and E
accomplished you .E
getting More Busin(
Are not the gel
Circulars, local Ad
heads, etc., which rc
alike? Do you not
or, through..being u
throw aside?. But I
printing that rea che
to it that Holds youi
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not Accidental. Tha
pared specially to g4
That is the Kind od
m'ade Thousands Ric
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fectiveness in Printii
shoes and clothing. ]
dy Clothes you get ti
how Cheap they are
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If you have your 'P
our Printer will 'pt
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kng direct connection at Mi
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ur Printing. Will
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t is the important
Irinting a Business
vertise his bt(siness
lhead, all kinds of
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ke the Buyer take
ead. When thisis
-e on the road to
leral rqn of Cards,
ach you very much
read and forget,
lere and there the
s ou has Something
- Eye, Excites your
i to Read, and hav
Forget. This was
t Printing was pre
et YOU to Read it.
! Printing that has'.
nany Grades of Ef
ig as in boots and
f you pay for Shod
iem, and no matter
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ind new Attention
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e equipped for all
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1100 aid well t.L
LY 1, 1911
a Ar. 12:40 p. m.
is Lv. 9:00 p. m.
~mphis for points West and
its East. For further in
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F. L. JENKINS, T. P. A.,