Newspaper Page Text
COTTO'S GROWERS BI_ CO-NTENTIO'N
E.D. Smith, of South Carolina, 31akes
Rousing Speech-Talks of South's
Great 3)onopoly Crop.
Montgomery, Ala., Sept. 1.2.-One
thousand men from every cotton grow
ing State in America met today in
Montgomery and conferred to devise
ways and means to rebut the figures
of the federal cotton report and to sc
cure a better price for cotton. There
were present congressmen, UnIted
States senators, the commissioners of
agriculture or their representativ's
from every Southern State, twgether
with hundreds of farmers, b.Lnlers,
business and professional men whose
homes are scattered throughout' the
While nothing further than organ
ization was effcctqd ofcially, th's
meeting of the cotton growers proved
their earnestness by the appointmert
of four committees to be known as :he
committee on resolutions, marketing
and financing the cotton crop, national
legislation and stats-.us, estimates
and conditions of the cotton crop.
These committees were appointed ear
ly in the day and made to consist of
the commissioners of agricultufe of
each. State, three delegates from each
State and President C. S. Barrett, of
the Farmers' Educational and Co-op
E. D. Smith Waxes Warm.
One of the principal speakers of the
day was Senator E. D. Smith, of South
Carolina, who, in scathing terms de
nounced the so-called gambler of Wall
street, Liverpool, New Orleans and
foreign markets, and cried that the
Southern farmer must declare his fin
ancial independence of these people.
He said the farmer should demand a
fair, profit on his cotton, and vientured
the assertion that if the New England
farmer had such a monopoly crop as
the cotton crop he would demand and
receive 30 cents a pound for it.
Senator Smith also made an attack
upon the accuracy of the government
report; and said that -the Southern
farmer had lost enough money be
cause of it to establish an insurance
department; or to insure proper fig
ures. He declared, too, that Attorney
General Wickersham 'wanted to break
a so-called monopoly to boost the price
of cotton'but crushed no illegal com
bination to force prices down.
Will Int-oduce Bill.
Wihen,gongress meets again in De
cember, Senator Smith said, 'he is go
ing to introduce a bill to require the
secretary of agriculture to show in his
monthly cotton -census, not only the
amount of cotton/in the field, but the
number of bales ini warehouses and
*who owned these~ bales. Throughout
his speech, Senator Smith was hear tily
cheered, and it was he who spoke un
til faces in the auditorium could nct
WVatsop Permanent Chaia'man.
'The conventioxi was called togetber
at noon. Capt. Reuben F. Kolb, com
missioner of agriculture for Alabama,
was made temporary chairmaai. He
presided until Commiissioner of Agri
culture E. J. Watson,. of South Caro
lina, was made permanent chairman.
The Rev. C. A. Stakely, of this city'
opened the convention with a prayer.
Addresses ~of welcome were made by
Capt. Kolb. Lieutenant Governor Zeed,
Mr. R. B. Evins, representing Guier
nor O'Neal; President Gunt~r, o& the
city commission, and President, Kohn,
of the Montgomery (Commercial club,
In behalf of Alabam-a an thb city of
Montgomery. These addresses were
~responded to by State Senator I. A.
Bush, o)f Georgia.
For Oscar W. Underwod.
The convention will be brbught to
a close Wednesday evening with a
dermonstration in honor of the Hon.
Oscar W. -Underwood, leader of the
national house of repiresentatives, who
\will reach this, city with a party of
good roads advocates from Birming
It is thought that Senator John
Sharp Williams, of Mississippi, will
also be in the city by that time.
FARMERS CO~NGRES:S FIXES
THE PRICE OF COTTON
Resoved TTint Farmers Thust Hold for
15 Cents--Basing Action on Esti
mated Crop 12.00,000 Bales.
Montgomery, Ala., September 13.
Five 'hundred farmers, and as many
bankers, congressmen, United States
senators and business men. represent
ing every cotton growing State in
America, declared in convention today
that the farmers' cotton is worth 15i
cents a pound, and resolved that the
farmer should hold his cotton for that
price. The resolution followed a comn
mittPe report that the crop in America
wcould not excee~d 32.500.000l bales.
For financinz the crop of this year.
a r n!ntin wais adopted to thD "ff'ect
There was also a resolution urging I
that the several State legislatures
should provide for a system of bond
Organization Made Permanent.
Declaring that organization among!
the farmers, and co-operation among
with the bankers and financiers,
was the solution of the problem, the
convention resolved itself into a per
man2nt organization, to be known as
the Southern Cotton (congress, an'd
adjourned to meet in Atlanta at the
call of the president, E. J. Watson,
commissioner of agriculture of South
The meeting in Montgomery is to be
followed by a similar convention in ev
ery Southern State, to be called by
the commissioner of agriculture of!
each State. By these conventions the
action of the congress is to be ratified
and reinforced by further steps toward
securing a better price for cotton.
Smith Speaks Again.
Among the speakers at the conven
tion today were Senator E. D. Smith,
of South Carolina, 'who received the
thanks of the congress for his attitude
in congress toward the gov'ernment
cotton report; Congressman Thomas
J. Heflin, of Alabama; Congressman
Henry D. Clayton, of Alabama, and
Dudley M. Hughes, Congressman from
the 3d district of Georgia; Oscar W.
Underwood, majority leader of the,
house of represntatives, and chairman
.of the ways and means committee, sat
in the audience.
Smith Carried the Day.
It was Senator Smith who perhaps
made the speech which decided the
congress in'Its naming the price of
cotton at 15 cents, for Congressman
Heffin wanted to make the price 14 or
15 cents, with 14 cents as the mini
mum. Congressman Clayton, in his
speech, declared his belief that in ten
years' time the world would be using
25,000,000 or 30,000,000 bales of Amer
President C. S. Barrett, of the Far
mers Educational and Co-Operative
Unioh, delivered an address on co
operation. He denounced as baseless
the reports of a bumper cotton crop,
denied the charge that the Farmers'
union was a combine to hold up civili
zation, an6f asserted that there Is a
combination for the purpose of ham
mering down the price of cotton.
Financing the Crop.
W. G. Harden, president of the First
National bank of Birmingham, spoke
on ''Financing the Cotton Crop." Dur
ing his speech he declared that the
present crop could at best be only
an average 6ne. He advised against
fixing a .minimum price at which cot
ton should be sold, but urged farmers
to market their cotton slowly and
Dr. W. E. Hinds, State entomologist,
delivered a very instructiv'e address
on the destructive- work done by the
The government was severely crit
icised at the committee session ti
morning for alleged inaccuracies i
crop estimates and ginning reports.
'It was the opinion of The committee
that the South no longer should rely
On the national government for its
crop reports, but make the~m out at
E. J. Watson Speaks.
Commissioner of Agriculture Wat
son, of Sonth Carolina, and President
Dabbs, of the South Carolina Farm
ers' union, were severe in their ar
raignment of the United States depart
ment of agriculture in gathering cot
ton statistics. Commissioner Watson
stated that the government has had a
statistician in 'his State for the, past
ten years, gathering data for the gov4
emnent's crop reports, and that dur-.
ing his ad-ministration he had never
met the gentleman, or had never seen'
him, nor had any of his sixty-five
agerits in the State seen him.
"The whole thing is a farce," he
said, with indignation, "and we should
no longer- relf on the government fori
a correct report."
Congressman Henry D. Clayton, of.
Alabama, stated that the government~
crop reports were based on~ the best
"We must go hack to home governi
Iment.," shout"d Mr. Clayton, "and get
up our own information."
IRA W. WTTJUAMS TALKS
OF LONG STAPLE COTTON
rrges Farmers to Grow Certain
.Amount, Especially Since Good
Narket is Promised.
Coumbia, Sept. 13.--Mr. Ira W. Wil
liams, State agent" of the farm dem-!
onstration work, who has recently re
turned to Colnmbia, after abandoning
his slimmer hendquarters at Chick!
snig,is n.ow occupied in bringing
to a s'necossfa! termination the cam
neign which hes bee~n made through
tw~ soao for the zrnwing of the long
ai a- eotton in South Carolina. The~
~rngnr of the cotton and the separa
tinof. both seed and Tint from the
ontamintion of the shorter sta.ples.j
constitute not the least of the difficul
ties in connection with the growing of
the long staples.
"It seems that there has been quite
a considerable quannty of the long
staple cotton grown in this State this
season," said Mr. Wmiams on Wed
nesday, "though I have no way of
knowing exactly how much. If thec
farmers will properly preserve their
seed and cu.tivate this cotton, there
will be enough grown in South Caro
lina in the course of a few years to
supply the demands of this State."
Will Find Ready Market.
Mr. Williams calls to the mind of
the farmers that Capt. E. A. Smyth, of
Greenville, president of the South
Carolina Cotton Man,uracturers' asso
ciation, has promised that the South
Carolina cotton manufacturers will
purchase all the "staple" cotton which
the farmers will grow. Mr. Lewis W.
Parker, another prominent mill man
of the Piedmont, has made the state
ment that if the farmers will get 25
bales together in one place, having a
staple length of 1 1-4 to f 3-8 inches,
he will send a man there to buy the
cotton directly from the producers.
Mr. J. Adger Smyth, president of the
Watts Mill, at Laurens, and of the new
Duncan Mill, at Greenville, has writ
ten to Commissioner E. J. Watson,
expressing a desire to get in touch
with farmers who have grown the
One of the difficulties which the far
mers who have grown this cotton will
epcounter in putting it on the market.
according to Mr. Williams, will be get
ting it properly ginned. Most of the
farmers will be obliged to use the reg
ular type of saw gin, for this year, at
any. rate. Good resuts can be gotten
from this machine, however, says Mf;
Williams, by having the saws slightly
dulled, and having the machiner.y rui
very slowly. He urges precaution in
the separation of the seed from that
of any other cotton and in keeping the
line Dure from contamination with the.
Tt is probable that some quantity of
this cotton grown in the State will b.e
btained during the Long Staple Co*
ton exposition, which it is planned ti
hold here during the State fair. .2
Never Despair. o
At a St. Patrick's day dinner in Bost
ton Senator Lodge once said:
"Low as was Ireland's estate tlien,
tere was no cause for despair. 140
estate is ever so low but that it might
be lower. Like the woodsawyer's c'ase,
"'You need exercise,. violent exer
ise, that's what _you need,' a doctor
once said to this woodsawyer. /What
is your business, my man?'
"'I'm a woodsawyer, sir.'
"'Well,' sid the doctor, 'su,ppose
you don't grease your saw for a month
Round Trip E
Atlantic City, N. J., atnd retui
Account American Electric R:
1911. Tickets on sale October 4
returning October 18, 1911.
Pittsburg, Pa., and returi.....
Account National Baptist Conm
19i i- Tickets sold September i<
turning September 23, 1911.
Cincinnati, 0., and return...
Account National Association of
r 1--r6, 1911. Tickets sold Septe
turning September 19, 1911.
Knoxville, Tenn., and return
Account Appalachian Exposition.
Tickets sold Septemnber 9 to GOc
limit returno;g not later than ten:
Indianapolis, Ind., and return
Account of Sovereign Grand Lod
Tickets sold September 14, 15 an
September 28, 1911.
Memphis, .Tenn., and return..
Account Reunion Blue and Gray
sold September 23 and 24, 1911,
Summer excursion tickets on sale
returning October 31, 1911, to mar
The Southern R ailway offers supe
Pullman sleeping cars and dining ct
For detailed information, call or
J. L. MEEK, A. G. P. A., F
A tlanta. Ga.
1 fkHLIl WTW
Copyright 1909 by C
And it will
them, which y
to do, but it wi
them that H14
TION it is y
give them if yo
Capital Stock -
JAMES McINTOSH, Presidet
PulaskilLodge,1No. 20,LI..0. F.
Pulaski lodge, No. 20, I. 0. 0. F.
will meet Friday 2)ight, September 1,
at 8 o'clock in Klet,tuer's Hall. f
.3. Y. Jone, " I
W. G. Peterson, Noble Grand.
CHusion Fares Fromtl
IA actly w
Lerry, S. C.
t.. ............$22.4 offer bea
~way Association, October. 9-hat a D
5, 6 and 7, 19II, with final limit -gain" an
.... . ..........25.5 0
Ttion (Colored), September 13-18, provd et
and II, 1911, with final limit re- prov to
. ..............- $17.30( b
Stationary Engineers, September I*
ber 9, 10 and 11, 1911, good re
....... ................ ....----. $8.35'
September 11-October 1, 1911. _______
t day from, but not including date _______
g, I. 0. 0. F., Sept. 16-23, 1911
1 6, 1911, with final limit returning
..... .. ......... .....$18.50 Pr-ize 4
September 26-28, 1911. Tickets Book on
ood returning October 4, 1911. "Why som<
aily unitil September 3oth, good search of Pf
ohrpoints. Acting Comn
otherthe U. S. Pa
> service and convenient schedules.
service on all through trains.
outhern Railway ticket agents, or ? GF
ANK L. JENKINS, T. P. A,,
E. Zimnerman Co.-No. 39
not only Please
:u ought to try
11 throw around
by starting an
RR Y, S. C.
SGOO1DS ARE THE BEST
PRICES T HE LOWESF
SCAN T GET AWAY2
e fact that every one trading witicus -
~quare deal or nothing.\ We toil you ex
hat you are buying, or in other wcrds~
ELL TRUTHFUL GOODS~
whole story. We try to make an honestlproit
te as possible, so that the buyer may come back.
ar Goocds Are AllIRight
ir Prices Are All Right
fore truthfully claim that every trade with us is -
AIN TRADE FOR YOUJ. Every bargain we
rs the same relation to ordinary so-called b-.rgains
amond does t.o other stones-it is the king and
11. Some dealers christen any thing as a "Bar
:trust to the name to sell it.
ains-Are Genuine in Name and Nature I
of all bargains offered. Come at once. We will -
you that you can save more money trading with
ny where else.
THE FAIR. AND SQUARE DEALER.
)ffers from Leding Manufacturer.
patents. "Hints to hveitors." "Inventions needed.'
:inventors fail." Send rough sketch or model for
tent Office records~ Our Mr. Gireeley was formerly.
missioner of~ Patentsg:and as such had.full charge of
WASHINGTON, '.D C.