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REPORT ON MAINE WRECK.
President Transmits the Board's Find.
ings to Congress--Blown Up
Washington, Dec. 14.-President
Taft today sent to congress a brief
formal message transmitting the full
text of the report of the investigating
board, which found that the battleship
Maine was blown up in Habana har
bor by an external explosion. The
board was headed by Admiral Vree
land of the navy and included Col.
William K. Black of the corps of en
gineers of the army. It began work
on the exposed wreck at Habana No
vember 20 and found that the injuries
to the bottom of the Maine were caus
ed by the explosion of a charge of a
low form of explosive exteriar to the
ship between frames 28 and 31, port
side. This resulted in igniting and ex
ploding the contents of the six-inch
reserve magazines. The. more or less
complete explosion of the contents of
the remaining forward magazines fol
The board in its report emphasized
the fact that it found that what is
called th-e port starboard strake-a
,continuous line of planking running
from stem to stern-was "dished up
wards" as much as 24 inches from a
straight line;" that another strake,
technically called -"c," was displaced
'iupwards and inwards for 100 square
feet;" and that part of the inner bot
tom plating was "displaced upwards
and left approximately six fRet above
its original position."
The destrucilon wrought by the two
explosions of "distinctly different
character" was found to be much
more extensive than had been antici
pated. The report in technical terms
describes how plates were crumpled,
how some portions of what had once
been a great battleship were turned 1
inside out and how pa-ts of the bottom
works generally were displaced.
The debris of nine pounders, six
pounders, six-inch and ten-inch am
munition were found widely scattered
through the wreck, said the report.
"The location of much of this material
bore little relation to its original tow-'
age condition. Powder tanks were torn
asunder or crushed and flattened."
The condition of the vertical keel
and flat keel at frame 18 was ascrib
ed by the court of inquiry of 1898 (the
year of the war with Spain that fol
lowed the, blowing up of the Maine)
to the direct effect of an explosion
-exterior to the ship in that vicinity.
* Because of its better opportunity
for a detailed examination of this
wreckage now fully exposed the pres
ent board concluded that the external
-explosion which ignited the nmaga
zines was not in the vicinity of this
frame No. 18.
Formed Cartridge Chamber.
"The protective deck and hull of
the ship," said the report, "formed a
closed chamber in .which the gases
were generate'd and partially expand
*ed before rupture."
The 'bow portion of the Maine was.
found pointed nose downward in the
mud to the port sides and lying on
its starboard side. The upper part of
- that portion of the ship in the vicini
Sty of the forward magazines was en
tirely swept away. Only one-half of
the bottom was left n position.
The Maine explosion occurred al
most 14 years ago. In this disaster
two officers and 26d 'f her crew per
The report perfunctorily was or
d-ered printed and referred to the nav
al affairs committees of the two
POLICYHOLDERS WASTE MILLIONS
~According to President Day of Equita
tie Life Assurance Society.
New York, Dec. 14.-One hundred
illion dollars is annually wasted in
the life insurance business in this
country, according to W. A. Day, of
New York, president of Equitable Life:
Assurance society, before the Associa
tion of: Life Insurance presidents in
New York today. He declared that
the policyholders themselves are re
sponsible for a large shiare of the
~ aste, and urged a campaign of edu
cation as a remedy.
"Now that our people are taking an
~ nterest in the eenservation of ou
mwaterial resources," said Mr. Day, "I
l'e.lieve they can be interested in the
conservation of life insurance, which
*is~ universally recognized as an econo
mic resource of highest value. There
a is no department in which better work
can be done in th~e direction of con
servation than in the life insurance
A4"If the companiea will unite in ex
1plaining to the public how this can be
do'ne, far more can 'be accomplished
dual company should undertake the
work alone. The average policyhdld
ers, while rightfully demanding the
highest degree of efficiency and econ
omy in the management of his own
company, seems to feel that his duty
and responsibility end with the pay
ment of his premium. Satisfied with
the soundness of his company, he puts
his policy away, and the subject of life
insurance drops from his mind.
"As a result of this indifference,
and lack of personal attachment and
loyalty to their companies, the policy
holders themselves are directly res-i
ponsible for a large proportion of a
waste which aggregates easily $100,
000,000 annually. We want policy
holders to know of the waste that re
sults from the abuse of the policy
loan privileges that by borrowing
$435,000,000 on their policies they
have reduced their families' protection.
and neutralized the very purpos-e of;
their insurance to that extent, and
that they are expending nearly $23,
000,000 annually for the use of this
"We want them to know that they
are paying over $12,000,000 annually;
for taxtls on their premi,ms-a most:
unjast penalty upon foresight and
prudence, wbich should and cau be re-.
duced to a reasonable sum if they will
interest themselves in the matter-and
that it can be reduced in no other way.
"We want them to know htat $50,
000,000 is a reasonable estimate of the
annual waste of their funds due to
death from causes that are preventa
ble or postponable by the application
of ordinary and well-known precau
tions-and that they alone can .-duce!
* IS THERE A SANTA CLAUS? *
* From the New York Sun. *
We take pleasure in answering at
once and thus prominently the com-1
munication below, expressing .t thei
same time our great gratification that
its faithful author is numbered among
the friends of the Sun:
"Dear Editor-I am eight. years old.
Some of my little friends say there is'
no Santa Claus. Papa says 'If you
see it in The Sun it's so.' Please tell!
me the truth, is there a Santa Claus'!;
"115 We.st Ninet.y-fifth street."
Virginia, your little friends are
wrong. They have been affected by
the skepticism of a skeptical age.
They do not believe except they see
They think that nothing can' be which
is not comprehensible by their minds.
All 'minds, Virginia, whether they be;
men's or children's, are littlea. In this
great universe of ours man is a mere
insect, an ant in his intellect, as corn
pared with the boundless world about
him, as measured by the intelligence1
capabl.e of grasping the whole of'
truth and knowledge.
Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus.'
He exists as certainly as love and gen
erosity and devotion exist, and you
know that they abound and give- -to
your life its highest beauty and joy.
Alas! How dreary would be the world:
if there werie no Santa Claus? .It
would be as dreary as if there were no
Virginias. There would be no childi
like faith then, no poetry, no romance
to make tolkrale this existence. We'
should have no enjoyment, except in
sense and sight. The eternal light'
with which childhood fills the world
would be extinguished.
Not believe in Santa Claus! You
might as well not believe in fairies!
You might get your papa to hire mnn
to watch in all the chimneys on!
Christmas eve to catch Santa Claus,'
but even if they did not see Santa
Claus coming down, what'- would
that prove? Nobody sees Santa Claus,
that is .no sign that there is no Santa
Claus. The most real things in the!
world are those that neither children
nor men can see. Did you ever see1
fairies dancing on the lawn? Of
course not, but that's no proof that1
they are not there. Nobody can con
eive or imagine all the wonders there I
are unseen and unseea'ble in the world. fri
You may tear apart the baby's rat- Sa
te and see what makes the noise in-be
side, but there is a veil covering the -
unseen world, which not the strong
est man, nor even the united strength1
of all the strongest men that ever liv- ~S
ed, could tear apart Only faith, fancy,.
poetry, love, romance can push aside
that curtain and view and picture the'
supernal beauty and glory beyond. Is
it all real? Ah, Virginia. in all this~
world there is nothing else real and sh4
No Santa Claus! Thank God. Hej &
lives and He lives forever. A thous
and years from now. Virginia-nay,:
ten times ten thousand years from
now-H, will eontinue to make glad~ 11
the hart *f .hildhood
Have You H
Well, i 1
For the Next11 IDay
One 56 piece Dinner Set
in our Chi
One nice Jardiniere with 1
One Souvenir Plate with
This Dinner Set is of Er
to crack or craze.
The Jardinieres cannot
U. S. A. for less than $1.5
We limit one dinner sei
Jardiniere and Plate prop
Each award will be givi
Cash Register Tickets for
We limit this propositic
Don't Forget to Save
A Square Deal to Our
The Best Hardb
Has Millions of Friends. I ba13 .i.,Agsa83
owould you like to number your Chretn81p.m
ind by milions as Bucklen's Arnicam.N.17 aiy fo
L oes? Its astounding cures in the
itfrty years made- them. Tts the t renile
talve in the world for sores, ul-j :0p.m-o16dal,fo C
SOUTHEEN RAILWAY. gcaGrevletCai
ieles Effective Jecemiber 3, 1911. rv aanh41 .i.
Aivals and Departares N ew- ovle8:0a n
berry, S. C.Forfrhrifmaonc
NE.-These schedule figures arej&G.M,W higo,DC;
nas information only and are notL.JkisT..A,Auut,G
1a. m.-No. 15, daily from Co- NTC FAPJCTO O
mbia to Greenville. Pullman LS TEiE .
sleping car ibetween Charleston Teudrindwl pl
d Greenville.Jug fP baeor ew rrc
50 a.m.-No 18, aily,from reen . m -ona, .Iau 1 , .1ily , t
yu~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ile to Columbia. AriePullmfrletrsdsisOy a inns
eard About It?
s We Are Going to Give
SFree, the Following:
with every $15.00 purchase
wery $5.00 purchase Jin our
every $2.00 purchase in our
iglish pattern guaranteed never
be purchased anywhere in the.
t to a family. No limit on the
en just as soon as you present
the requried amount.
n until Christmas Eve night
Your Cash Register Checks.
Friends and Patrons and the
ware Store in Town.
p. mn. of the personal estate of Owen McRai hyhv, h hesi mnBi1
Holmes, deceased.tinhud oberaed
lum- Robert McCaughrin Holmes, GIE une myhn,ti k
12-12-4t-1taw. Administrator,. a fDCme,An orn,11.
reen-Fan L chm rt
ep. STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, P .C
ston. COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
. Ar- By Frank M. Schumpert, Esquire, FRSdE
Jack- Probate Judge. 36arsIpoe am i U
WHEREAS, Isaiah J. Lawman made fo h alod rc 150
1 on~ suit to me to grant him letters of ad- iOars n ieo raePi
y. p.* ministration of the estate of and ef-ipredfm,aleer,$,0.
r. L. fects of Mrs. Harriet Long, 8 ce mrvdfr,toiil
or F. THESE ARE THEREFORE to citeofrkepia$150
and admonish all and singular the 50arsctoe adoda4
- kindred and creditors of the said Mrs. nmredfor ils fAkd
FN- Harriet Long, deceased, that they be pi,$,0.Ti salf~arct
and appear before me, in the Courttralndonestri.
the of Probate, to be held at Newberry, S rnss adCopaY
unty C, on the 20th day of Deember, next A ASA INPctAY
noO. fte bliaton heeof a io'loc theha, Ark. the N.i Wdilsn.r
rata in he frenon, o 5h case, i n shouSld. no be rante d es.