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BIG OAKLAND MILL PUT
IN OPERATION TIURSDAI
LOOMS AND SPINDLES BEGAN T4
HUM AT 11 O'CLOCK.
Big New Enterprise for Newberry Un
der Able Business Management
Newberry's third big cotton mill wa
put into operation at 11 o'clock 01
Thursday morning, when the loom
and spindles of the Oakland mill be
gan to hum.
This mill, located just beyond th
north-western limits of the city, is on
of the handsomest in the South. Th
agitation for its erection was begu:
by Col. Walter H. Hunt, who wa
elected president upon the organiza
tion of the company. Col. Hunt mE
with fmne success from the start, rai:
ing a great deal o.f the stock in tb
-city of Newberry, and making the mi
peculiarly a local enterprise.
The mill has a capital of $400,00,
and has an equipment of 542 looms an
20,160 spindles. The location, on on
- of the highest pcints around the cit:
and In the most healthful surrounc
ings, is ideal. The architects and er
gineers were Lockwood, Greene & Cc
of Boston, Mass., with an office i
Grenvlle ad te ontacorswe
th ik atrCosrcinC.
fices of .thes woay Coernt wee
wihg f sucessfron th start,ildingt
Tebiding iatdals hen'sock in cor
scitoNew, and moeaings theuse
Te milah an cmoitals, wit0iple
and hsrrouipnt oee of th osa
20,60pntages. location, on oane
ofthe ihist loctd waron hen cbt
scdienit throsgt athfu crountyo
ings iers idao.Tharitcsnde
,Ter were LoincwodargeebnesC
mof oston,ieac, abit and ofineg
~rty,iassurn the sconcors thee
Col.raltr. Hunt Sofuthe rlnew
flees redn of the coCrnsmerei
cargtie of planningan buihoiha bee
Followion ad the operectors oth
arel netg and commdiou, C.ttE. Suma
mer,J A. Mtn . FIA.rgtGe
nt TuNroundns ome iAE of1.
TO INVESTIGATE THE
CAPITOL PLANS CLAIM
) COMMITTEE OF FIVE FROM HOUSE
TO TAKE TESTIMONY.
Plans for Improving State House Lead
to Another Investigation-Claim
Is For $13,500.
s Columbia, Feb. 8.-The house had
a various resolutions before it today in
s regard to the bill for $13,500 for draw
- ing the plans of the State capitol, and
finally adopted a combination of the
e resolutions by Messrs. Rembert and
e Stevenson, the resolution as adopted
e providing for the appointment of five
a members by the speaker to inquire
s into and report upon the matter. The
five members of the house will prob
ably be named by the speaker tonight.
The committee is given the right to
summon witnesses and take testimony.
This claim was published in the last
issue of The Herald and News, and
the sharp clash in the legislature in
regard to it is published on page six
of this issue-the adverse report of
the ways and means committee, the
statement of the sub-committee, which
made the contract, incorporated in a
message of the goviernor, and the re
ply .of Chairman Browning, of the
ways and means committee.
The statement of the committee to
the effect that the governor was not
present when the contract was sign
ed, was signed by F. M. Bryan and
C. D. Lee, and appended to it was a
statement of the other member, W. W.
Dixon, that the statement was correct.
t 1 Then at the meeting of the house on
Wednesday night the Columbia State
reports Mr. Bryan as rising to a
t question of -personal privilege and
saying that the governor was "in and
out" during the meeting of the com
d mittee in the governor's office, and that
e at the close of the meeting, when the
e governor had been shown the Todd
plans, he said: "I think it is beautiful.
If the bill passes the general assembly,
it shall have my approval."
n The report of the committee which
e met in the governor's office and which
I made the contract with Todd & Ben
n son, ayid .which was signed by Mr.
-Bryan, according to the newspaper re
n ports, was to the effect ihat an editor
e ial in the State insmnuating that the'
governor was in some part responsi
ble for the con tract, was "both false
and ms'.eadi4-g, as the said contract
was n'it'1er made lior signed in the
govern~or's office or in his presence,
and so far as v e kncw the governor
knew nothing of the said agreement
uiitil its presentation by us to the full
committee at the meeting of the gen
eral assembly in 1912."
JThe Herald and News dispatches
from Columbia seem to look towards
Imore investigation and inv'estigation
committees, ad nauseam.I
"SAFE IN THE ARMS OF JESUS"
VIA SING SING ELECTRIC CHAIR
Sing Sing, N. Y., Feb. 5.-While the
condemned inmates in the death house,
in Sing Sing prison softly sang "Safet
in the Arms of Jesus," Charles Swen
ton, a negro, was executed in the elec -
tric chair this morning for the murder
of Isaac Lee. It was the first time in
e the history of the prison that the con
demned have ever sung a death dirge
a while another has paid the penalty of
y his life. Swenrton went to the chair
r cheerfully. After two shocks he was
- pronounced dead.
Swenton shot and killed Isaac Lee
on the night of .November 9, 1910, at
- the la,tter's home on West 69th street,!
- New York city. Both were negroes.
The killing was the indirect result
- of a quarrel over the tariff. The two
.men were drinking in a saloon and the
discussion was suggested by a poster
.on the wall. Lee said he could not
understand how the "trusts could'
have got hold of codfish, because there
are so many in the sea."
This remark angered Swenton, who
told Lee to "cut it out." In the quar
- re that followed, Swenton was rough
ly handled by Lee. The next night
Swenton went to Lee's apartment and
"KU KLUX KLAN" IN
(Written For The Drayton Rutherl
C., by Col. D.
In the early days just after the
over their new-found freedom and t
ment to the Constitution, granting
ship, that they showed their gratitu
atrocities. Murders were commiti
burned; but what, more than all e]
ings, were the gin houses. Nine
a few months, within a radius of
burnings were not confined to built
those of widows with a house ful
The citizens of the South had yie:
table-the freeing of their slaves-1
ballot. Upon this one issue most
The right of the negro to vote-out
This .spirit of secret revenge upo
not openly aided and abetted by t
spirit was secretly fostered, and
means possible. In every town ai
stationed a garrison of Federal so]
to preserve order and see that just
But, instead of this, the people wei
being dragged before the provbst a
frivolous charge made by the laa
against the housewife by some of hE
trivial the complaint, or how overv
alty in money or a jail sentence wi
infraction of the law or infringemi
promptly reported by the negroes,
sent to make arrests.
To prevent end stop these abus
clans. The negroes, at the instigi
were forming secret clubs and milit
wherever a leader or scalawag w:
The negro, being a child of toda;
day, nor caring for tomorrow, and
with a holy dread of the appeara;
was first determined to act upon th,
is the reason the 'lans devis2d the
hideous false faces to cover their
The first organization in Newberr
a name taken from those organize
m;iles east of Newberry, near Pomai
who had won some slight distinct
acclaim, chosen as its logical lea
everywhere in the lower part of tl
river to Saluda, all through the "
Columbia. Above Newberry clans
Confederate officer, the whole bei
first named officer. Not every one
order, but only such as had the p
taking-courage, fidelity and loyali
a young man expressed his desire 1
appointed to inquire into his antec<
physical courage, and a willingness
of the order and the safety of the c
notified to appear, at a certain hou:
or lonely out-house, with an answ'
ap'proach him. At the appointed ti.
would r-eceive him, blindfold him,
to the general rendezvious. Theret
laws were given him, with the r'y
or be initiated. None ever drew bec
from his eyes he found himself sur:
looking beings, all clad in white,
The initiation in some degrees w
impressive and blood-curdling to I
sign, grip and pass-word. Every
ders, to secrecy, and a vow not to
alty of death from his comrades.
The meaning, or origin, of the na:
with many Versions given, and perl
was an over-dress of pure white,
pletely covered the head and should
while at the sides of the head wert
cloth stuffed with cotton, at the tip
Their places of meeting were in
land, or at some deserted farm h<
sometimes under the shadow of ti
swamp in the Broad, Enoree or Sa
places of rendezVous they would
and determined, then range over ce
a sufficient time before daylight to
home unobserved. The sight of the
ing horsemen, upon the negroes, h~
never a word spoken, and if the ne,
the coming of these weird night ridt
feet, they generally took to the wi
and put out their lights.
No violence was ever done any 0
doing were first made by some m
impartial investigation made. Ift
and it was thought best that the ev
a miniature coffin was secretly pu
him to leave the country-a warnui
of outrage were committed on inofft
vate grudge or spite, throughout th
doors of the clan. But these wer
other States, bire'd for that purpos
secret, and one m'ember not suppos
to imposs.ible for them to clear the:
Parties from Tennes'see overspreaC
would be forfeited should they rett
NEWBERRY, S. C.
ord Chapter, No. 152, U. D.
war, the negroes were so elated
he enactment of the 15th amend
them the full benefit of citizen
de to the country by all sorts of
ed, dwellings and barns were
se, incited their incendiary feel
gin houses were burned during
less than thirteen miles. These
lings of the men, but often were
.1 of orphan children.
ded very gracefully to the inevi
but reluctantly allowed them the
of the South's troubles sprang.
of this all armed conflicts arose.
n the people of the South, while
ie Federal authorities, still that
bitterness engendered, by every
Ad county seat in the State was
diers, whose apparent duty was
ice was done to black and white.
re kept in a constant turmoil by
narshal in these towns on some
orer against the employer, or.
or servants. -It mattered not: how
rhelmingly refuted, a heavy pen
is imposed. Any little supposed
ent of their personal rights was
and a squadron of cavalry was
es, was the origin of the secret
ition of the Federal authorities,
ary companies all over the State,
bite could be found to organize
g only, never thinking of yester
being of a superstitious nature,
ice of anything supernatural, it
e superstitions of the race. That
grotesque disguise of white, with
y of the name of "Ku Klux Klan,"
d in Tennessee, was about eight
ia. A young Confederate officer,
ion in the war, was, by general
der. Auxiliary clans sprang up
te county, extending from Broad
Fork," to within a few miles of
were also organized under a
ng under the leadership of the
could gain admittance into the
roper attributes for such under
y to his fellow-members. When
o0 join the clan, a committee was
~dents, such as honor, moral and
to sacrifice himself for the good
auntry. If found worthy, he was
-of the night, at some cross road
ring signal to those who would
ne, a body of disguised horsemen
and lead him, often miles away,
ie regulaGon1s, requiremZents andi
-mison to reced at this point,
k. Wls the bandage was taken
rounded by a body of sepulchral
ith hideous headgear.
as ludlicrous in the extreme, but
he novitiate. He was giren the
nan was oath-bound to obey or
betraj any member, under pen
ne, has been a disputed question,
1aps none correct. The disguise
L white head-covering that com
ers, with eye-lits trimmed in red,
y imitation horns, made of white
being a red tassel.
he depth of some solitary wood
use, far away from habitation;
e little mountain, then in some
luda river bottoms. From these
ride out, single-file, silent, grim
rtain sections of the county until
allow each member to reach his
se silent, dismal and awe-inspir
d a salutary effect. There was
roes had the least intimation of
~rs, by the clanking of the horses'
ods or barricaded i.heir houses
ne unless the charges of wrong
3mber of the clan, and then an
he charges were found correct,
il-doer should l.eave the country,
t at his door, as a warning for
ig seldom unheeded. Many acts
msive negroes, to vent some pri
e country, that were laid at the
e committed by assassins from
e. As the "Ku Klux Klan" was
ed to know another, it was next
nselves of these unjust charges.
the State, claiming their lives
irn to their homes, for the part
MILTON A. CAKULSLL
REFUSED NEW TRIALI
CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS DIS
Was Convicted in U. S. Court in Green
ville and Sentenced to Serve
Richmond, Va., Feb. 7.-A prison
sentence of five years for Milton A.
Carlisle, former president of the Na
tional bank of Newberry, S. C., will
stand so far as the United States cir
cuit court of appeals is concerned, ac
cording to an opinion handed down
here today, the opinion being iead by
Judge Goff. This case was argued
here several months ago, Gov. Blease,
of South Carolina, and Fred H. Dom
inick, of Newberry, appearing as coun
I sel for the convicted banker. It came
up on appeal from t1% district court
at Greenville, S. C.
Judge Goff's opinion said: "There
was nothing in the errors assigned,
and that the defendant was given as
patient a hearing and as fair and im
partial a trial as any man could ask."
Milton Anderson Carlisle was con
victed October 20, 1910, in the fed
eral court at Greenville on five counts
of an indictment containing 162 counts.
Carlisle's conviction came after a trial
which lasted several days and arous
ed much interest in South Carolina.
The counts of the indictment on
which Carlisle was convicted were
those charging misapplication of the
funds of the Newberry National bank,
of which he was the president from
1899 until 1909. The specific charge
in three of these was based on drafts
by the Cold Point Granite company, of
which Carlisle was president and
treasurer, which were paid by the
bank but refused by the parties upon
whom they were drawn, the .bank
not being reimbursed. The other two
counts charged misapplication of
funds paid by a farmer upon notes due
the bank. Carlisle was alleged to
have put these sums to his own uses.
The total amount involved in the
transac\ion for which Carlisle was
convicte was less than $500.
IThe bulk of the indictment, upon
which Carlisle was found not guilty
charged overdrafts of his personal ac
count and of the account of the Cold
Point Granite company for considera
ble sums when "he had no reasonable
grounds to believe that these funds
would be repaid," as both Carlisle and
the company were hopelessly involved.
Carlisle, who is 7.1 years of age, was
sentenced by Judge Brawley to five
years in the federal prison, a motion
for a new trial being denied. His
Icounsel took the case to the circuit
court of appeals, where it was argued
some months ago.
Whether or not the circuit court of
appeals is the final court of adjudica
tion in the Carlish case has been a
matter of considerable speculation
among laymen. The suprem~e court
of the United States is, of course, the
highest court in the land, but it is well
known that only cases of a certain
character may reach that court.
Mr. Fred. H. Dominick, of counsel
for Mr. Carlisle, was asked on Thurs
day what further steps, if any, would
be taken in the case. He said that he
had only seen the newspaper dis
patches as to the decision, which were
very meagre, and thait he would have
nothing to say in regard to the case
at this time. Mr. Dominick, who was
Gov. Blease's law- partner at the time
of the inception of the case, made a
brillianti and stubborn fight for his
client in the lower court and in the
circuit court of appeals, and he never
gives up a fight until it is entirely fin
Ished. There may be further develop
ments, or there may not, depending
upon the law and the decision of the
circuit court of appeals.
Th!e Philosophical Method.
"Don't you find it harder and hard
er to live within your mean?"
"Oh, I found several years ago that
it was absolut4ly impossible. That's
why I've bought an automnobile and
joined two more clubs. One has to
manage somehow to keep from let
ting it get on one's nerves."-Chicago
3l11u1'b3 ur w umn Ur
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
HOUSE PASSES APPROPBIATION
BILL PRACTICALLY UNCHANGED
Xileage Bill Has Been Enrolled For
Ratification-Clash on Capitol
On the motion of Mr. Browning, the
house took up the general appropria
tion bill Tuesday night. The measure
was taken up section by section, aftem
it had been read in full.
Section 1, providing for a tax of 5
3-4 mills during the year 1912, was
The following sections were passed
to third reading with their totals un
Section 2, governor's office, total
$18,480; section 3, Secretary of State's
office total, $8,320; section 4, comp
troller general's office, total $10,600;
section 5, insurance commiesioner's
office, total $10,240; sectio* 6, State
treasurer's office, total $8,642.35; eec
tion 7, State superintendent of educa
tion's office, total $9,270; section 8.
adjutant general's office, total $18,570;1
section 9, attorney general's office,
total $7,845; railroad conimissioner's
office, total $11,570.
The fight on section 11, providing
for a salary of $1,900 for the chief
game warden and $1,000 traveling ex
penses, was led by Mr. Ashley. By a
vote of 69 to 26, the house tabled his
motion to strike out the section, and
it' was left in the bill unchanged.
Section 12 gave a total of $1,800 to
the State librarian's office. It passed
In Section 13, making appropriation
for the maintenance of public build
ings, the item allowing Columbia the
sum of $7,500 for water- and sewer
age pipes for State institutions, caused
the usual debate in the house. 'Mr.
Williams wanted to cut the item down
to $5,000, but the house refused to
An attempt was also made to abol
ish the salary of $1,500 for the St'ate
geologist, but this was left in the
bill, as was the deficit of $262.53 for
1911. The section, No. 14, was pass
,. Wants No Corn Show.
The house refused to adopt the mo
tion of T. P. Brown, of Florence, to
amend section 15 for the department
-of agriculture, commerce and -indue
tries, by striking out the appropriation
of $10,000 for the National Corn ex
position in 1913 at Columbia. Mr.
Brown simply offered his amendment.
He made no speech in favor of It.
Mr. Browning stated very briefly that
the exposition, the greatest of its kind,
would giv'e South Carolina an enor
mous amount of advertising. He mov
ed to table~ the amendment of T. P.
Brown. The house tabled the amend
ment by an overwhelming v'ote. Mr.
Browning amend1ed the item carrying
the $10,000 for the exposition by put
ting- the expenditure under the super
Ivision of a committee, composed of R.
B. Herbert, F. S. n' and F. L
Brown, all of Colmbia. The amend
ment was made at the suggestion of
The salary of the clerk of the de
partment of agriculture, commeree
and industries was reduced from $1,
400 to $1,000.
Bill Passes Second Reading.
The appropriation bill has' passed
its second reading in the house prac
tically unchanged. - There were con
tests on several Items, but In every In
stance, except three, the house voted
to sustain the bill as presented by the
ways and means committee. The bill
passed second reading on Wednesday.
L. J. Browning, chairman of the com
mittee, took the hoor on numerous oc
casions to defend1 bis committee's surp
ply measure. Other members of the
committee also spoke on items con
nected with matters over which they
had had supervision when the appro
priation bill was being framed.
The three items changed Wednesday
b the house amounted to a decrease
in the total amount of about $500. The
house refused to allow the ways and
means commuitte'e to increase the sal
ary of its clerk from $200 to $300 and
also refused to allow the code ecmr
(CO3NTINU-ED ON PAGE 2.)