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TOLCME LI. >OIBER 4. XEWBEBRY, SOUTH CABOLBU, TUESDAT, JAM ART 14,1913. TWICE A WEEK, $1.50 A YEAB."
' To T
^PROBLEMS CONFRONTING j
STATE ARE DISCUSSED;
RECOMMENDATIONS OX QUES-!
TIONS OF YITAL INTEREST.
Constructive Legislation in Interest of
1'eace and Prosperity Of State is j
The general assembly of South Car- j
olina convenes today. In his annual
message Governor Blease discusses
many questions of vital interest to tne I
people of the State and urges constructive
legislation in the interest of
'.the-'continued peace and prosperity of
|^^outh Carolina. The wonderful ad-j
vanfcement of t&e State along 11 lines J
fc^is pointed to A'ith pride, and the statis- J
tics showing this prosperity are gjven.
R A one-mill tax for free public
schools, the classification of State col-.
W leges'and the changing of the name of
I Ctemson college to Calhoun university,
L looking towards the State getting en^tire
control of- this institution, are
among some of the recommendations
* along educational lines.
The governor again recommends the |
?? - A it. ~ I
abolition of the hosiery mm ai-uie
. ; State penitentiary. ,
He recommends the repeal of exclu(fiive
franchises, and advocates a tax on
water powers. He recommends that
tbe legal rate of interest be reduced
to six per cent.
He urges a flat two-cents passenger
rate on all railroads.
He strongly advocates me ckiuwu
L of judges by the people.
A There are other recommendations of
vrtal interest to the people of the State.
A The message is clear-cut and able.
JP^lt follows, in full:
Gentlemen of the General Assembly:
is with a great deal of pleasure that
welcome you to the session of 1913.
>me familiar fac;s of your last body
^kve not seen among your membership
Htoday. Tie changes have been many.
The neoole of South Carolina have
Mspoken, and we all must abid-e by
their decision, whether it be for us or
against us. But, coming fresh from
|fth& people, as- you do, and having been
re-endorsed by them recently, as I have
Hfceen, it is encumbent upoii ns to lay
Haside any personal feelings we may
fcu^*e, and any political differences
hl each other, and join together in
??ffort to bring our most diligent
I Imost thoughtful consideration
e solution of all public questions
fronting us, and endeavor to do
|Khose things only which are for the
F best interests of ail people, both black
m and white, of our grand CommonH
I am proud to say, notwithstanding
K I have just passed through one of the
w most bitter campaigns ever waged
^ against a human being, that, as governor,
I have no ill will towards any
?/nan, save those who went out of their
way to use as campaign material j
againt me those things outside of poli-'
tieal record, commonly called falsehoods,
in an eirfeavor to injure my
personal reputation, mat, nowever, j
shold have no influence in our consid|k
eration # what is best for our State.
of my friends were defeated;
Bpe of those who wer not my politKl
supporters were elected; but it j
^H^as done by the sovereign people, a-:d i
H have no complaint to mnke. Turn-J
>on the past, my ey -;
A to the future, and it is my earnest:
HHh ot: :r?ay
se's Annual Me
he South Carol
wjth fairness and with justice, and to
do that only which is the will of my
Heavenly Father, and I prey to him
daily to guide and direct that I
may do that which is for tho coin mo a
good of the people of my State. and
dUt'tMip. Jbli liic *;/i nv j
has given me my lite." For whai I
have done in the past, whenever it may
have been, or wherever it may have
been, I have no apologies to offer :o |
any man or set of men, and no excuses j
I b g leave to reiterate my inaugural'
address of 1911, my annual message!
cf 1912, and each and every message !
which I have sent to the general as-1
-semblv since I have been governor.1
and to ask you to read each one of (
them, and give them'your careful con- j
sideration, laying aside any personal.
or political feeling that you may have j
towards me; and in course of thismfj
towards me; and in the course of this
message, in making certain recommendations
for your consideration, I shall
refer you to my message to the last
general assembly, in order that, if you
desure the information, you may secure
it, and, further, in order to save
making this message too long and j
A Word te the >ew Members.
There has been, in Ihe past, in vogue
in the house of representatives, a rule,
or system, by which now mepabers
have been caught and sometimes deceived,
viz: Committeemen, when
they go into their room for organizaA/1
Vfcir /i/vrwA mAwKni*
Ll\JLiy 04 C pi CJ3XUWUU UJ OV*LU^
with a resolution to the effect "that
this committee discuss all measures
before us among ourselves, that we
take a vote in the committee room,
that the minority shall be bound by the i
action of the majority, that the report
shall be unanimous, and that the min
ority shall support, upon the floor of
the house, whatever the bill or appropriation
may be, so as to present in
the house an undivided committee."
Now, new members, I warn you thac
you may not be caught by this little
subterfuge in your committee room.
Your constituents at home do uot
.,, . . . ,. ..... r
Know 01 me discussions ana me aeTion
in your committee room;these ar^ r.?>t
published and are not presented to the
people. But your vote in the house
is recorded in the public journals, and
when you go home an! your people
say, "I see you voted for such and j
such large appropriation.'' you say, j
Kn+ T TfAf A/1 In 1 '* / C? r if n*i I
vyii, j UUL 1 * v-?cv^vi u 111
the committee," your people cannot
understand this, and your opponents
turn it to your disadvant jg.% J-nd they
should; for it is not whet you do n
the committee, but it is wha: y ,r do j
on the floor of the house and your j
votes in public session, thar oarry the!
appropriations and m-iKe the laws, j
The majority of your committor may!
be six; if it be a committer of eleven,
the other five have their 'lands tied by j
:hose six; when you go into th3 house
an appropriation may ^arrv by o;j!y
tViroa nr frvnr vntoc if t'nnfiP fivp
minority members had scofd on the!
floor of the house as they stood in the !
committee, that appropriation coula j
not carry, or the bill couM not pass.j
and the people of South Carolina j
would be saved tit? increase in their |
Now, new members, you have b-en!
warned; it is a matter for you to act ,
upon, and the final arbiter will be j
your constituents, wiio <uv looking t> I
you to represent thin :nd their in-|
South Carolina }ki ospe1 <un.
Our State has prospere-l wonder |
fully in the past twelve months. Four
millions of dollars havo come i:. as in-1
vestments in cotton mil's ah nc, as
vrill be shown by tho reports. Th>- ro- !
port of the secretary of state will show j
a large increase in the investment of j
capital in many other enterprises of j
various kinds; and the receipts ci his j
office from charter fees will give some!
idea of this era of prosperity upon
which South Carolina has em-rod.
I am delighted to say that not a State
officer or a covnty officer in thA entire
State has b?v>n charged with being
short in his accounts, or with any conduct
unbecoming his position, so far
as has been brought to my knowledge,
with the lone exception of the State
Bank Examiner, which case will be
brought more directly to your attention
All this is gratifying to me, especialj
ly in view of the fact that it was heralded
throughout the country by certain
newspapers that if Blease was
elected the State would be financially
ruined; that the Northern capitalists
would not invest their money here,
and that our people would suffer generally.
More Northern capital has
come into the State under my administration
than under that of any other
governor, and the march of material
progress has gone steadily forward.
As evidence of this progress and
prosperity, I desire to append herewith
the following statistics gathered by
the State department of agriculture:
Some Statistics of Prosperity.
CJfofioti r*r* nro fhnrcrl Kir Cf ofa rl /Q _
uiauotivo ^.u uj tut uiai^
partment of agriculture tell a wonderful
story of progress in South Carolina
during the past year.
The agricultural development of this
State grew in the decade between 1900
and 1910 ftom $51,324,000 t- $141,938,00<^?an
increase of about ^0,000,000.
Commrssioner Watson estimates that
the com crop from South Carolina this
year will exceed the corn crop of last
year by 2,000,000. . The cotton crop
will not be as large this year as last,
"but the "increased price will bring even
more than the bumper crop of- l&ll.
Complete data secured by agents of
the department on all manufacturing
plants shows the capital invested tr.is
year to be $142,670,803 as cv,rrpared
with $130,481,627 in 1911. The total
value of the manufacturing plants this
year was $124,564,000 as compared
with $117,979,385 last year. The increase
in the value of the annual product
this year amounted to $6,634,675.
The total capital invested in the lumber
and sawmills of the State for 1912
amounted to $17,462,158. an increase
of $2,190,308 over 1911, which year
showed a total capitalization of $15,271,850.
More striking was the increase
in the value of the annual production
for 1912, which year showed
a total production of $11,384,340, an
increase of $2,701,730 ovet* 1911, which
totaled $8,682,607 as an output.
Oil Mills Industr/es.
For 1912 the total capital invested
in the oil mills of the State was $3,673,106,
a decrease of $167,260, as compared
with the total invested capital
of $3,840,360 for 1911. But the increase
in the annual production for 1912 over
1911 was $434,132. This year showed
an ontnnt of S13.217.0S3. while that of
T " ' "" ' I
1911 was $12,782,951. The decrease
in capital stock this year Was caused
by the burning of several mills and
others going out of business.
Cigars and Tobacco.
The concerns manufacturing cigars
and other tobacco products show a
capitalization of $396,701 for 1912,
while for 1911 the total capital invested
was $149,000, an increase of $247,702.
The value of the output for 1911
was $S49,626; for 1912, $891,078; increase
in favor of this year of $41,452. j
The capitalization of all stone manu- j
" 1 - a +
iaciunng concerns ui. uic omic, n mvi*
include granite quarries, for 1912 is
S42S.466, an increase of $34,918 over
1911,which d H. .-l,yo,ngbd,e ixoa( j
1911, which year thowxd a capiliza-!
tion of S393.546. The annual produc- j
tion for 1912 was $586,356; 1911, $356,-j
940: increase for 1912 of $230,416.
The fertilizer idustry of the State
shows an increase in capital for 1912
of $5,605,905 and a reduction in tlie
output of $71,022. The capital for 1911
was $7,568,981; 1912, $13,474,868. The
production for 1911 was $12,094,734;
for 1912, $12,023,712. The reason of
the larere increase in capilization and
a decrease in the output is because
the bumper crop in 1911 caused the
fertilizer maufacnrers to prepare for
fiTh.^n the campaign for a
n"nxr,::) ox pa-je t*.
THE XEWS OF PROSPERITY.
The People Who Are Coming aud Going
ia the Prosperous Town of
Prosperity, Jan. 13.?Mrc. G. W. Harmon
has returned from Atlanta, accompanied
by her friend, Mi?s Fannie
Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Wise left Saturday
for Tennessee to buy a car of
. Mr. rc. S. Kohn. of Columbia, is here
! visiting his many relatives.
Mrs. William Johnson has returned
to Newberry, after a visit to her sister,
Mrs. J. A. Simpson.
Mesdames -T. M. Werts and G. D.
Bedenbaugh spent Thursday in Newberry.
Mr. W. B. Wise, of Little Mountain,
spent the week-end at the Wise hotel.
Mr. Bur Barnes, of Wofford college,
is home for a few days.
Miss Annie Laurie Lester has re
turned to Columbia, after a visit to
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Lester.
Mrs. Brucy Kohn has been visiting
her father, Mr. J. B. Stockman.
Mrs. Carrie Harmon spent the weekI
end at Greenwood.
Mrs. D. H. Ham is spending the
! week in Columbia.
Mr. A. H. Hawkins was a business
j Visitor in Columbia Monday.
Mr. W. P. Leaphart has gone to the
'Columbia hospital for treatment.
Mr. Roy Kohn is in Columbia visiting
his uncle, Mr. Jno. Fulmer.
Miss AJlnie Singley, of Excelsior, is;
the guest of Mrs. P. C. Singley.
Dr. G. Y. Hunter has returned from
a - business trip to Columbia.
Miss rKate Thompson, of Jalapa,
spent ^e week-end with the home
Mi^s Julia Maree, of Augusta, reached
here Saturday to finish out the unexpired
term of Miss Elizabeth Haw-kins
at Fairview school.
Representative, Dr. C. T. Wyche,
- - - - ? J- - >- i- ~i- +V/%
lert Monday 10 De piesem a.<. tuc
opening of the general assembly.
SOME BIBLE HISTORY. ^ ,j
How the "Improved" Scriptures Came
to be Published.
The Watchman, the leading Baptist
journal ih, the United States, takes
+^ ? +r\ Aniline th O rPr>Ar> tl V-Tlllh
CAUCpLlUll IU v??v ? r .
Wished Baptist Bible "new," says the*!
Springfield Republican. The history j
of the enterprise, the culmination of j
which is new at least to most people j
outside of the Baptist denomination,
is set forth in the following editorial
in the current issue of the Watchman: j
Baptists have generally been sur-;
prised at the statements which have!
appeared in the secular press that a!
? --- liiinct hoon issnprl I
UCW Odyuai Uiyic uag jiwi u?w? - ~ ?
by the American Baptist publication
society, in which startling innovations
are made from the time-honored King
| James Version; and some of the anj
c-ipnt traditions of Christianity aree
thrown overboard and the Baptists as
a body have embarked on the broad
sea of heresy.
Inasmuch as Baptists generally nave
heard nothing of a Bible of this amazing
character, they are naturally amazI
ed at the position in which they find
j themselves, and are anxiously curious
to learn from what source all this exI
citing accusation has arisen.
We hasten to assure our eager Bap,
tist inquirers that the origin of this
! new and startling innovaton with
which they are charged, dates back
nearly half a century. The most
startling variations which the secular
"papers have discovered in this so-call
ed new* Baptist ftinie, nrsi appeama m
"lS6~> in thf* revised New Testa/w^T1 7ssued
by the American Bible union. The
enterprising daily papers have just
It reminds us of the story of che editor
who happened to read the story
of the food, and soundly scolded his
staff of reporters because they had allowed
the other papers to get a scoop
Nevertheless the issuance of the full
i Bible in "an improved version." which
i . ...
| is the name given to tne new eaiuuu
j ssued by the American Baptist pub!
'irnMnn societv, affords occa?sion for
rf T>:,, ri?r "Rihlp tron-lation
j w??] :> > of interest to at l^ast"
the younger generation of Baptists.
At one time Baptists in the United
States had three Bible societies. There
was the American Baptist publication
society, formed in 1832 by members
of the old general Baptist convention,
or triennial convention, as it was fair
liarly called, to do general Bible and
religious publication work. Then there
was the American and Foreign Bible
society, which was formed to publish
Adoniram Judson's translation of the
Bible into Burman, when the British
and Foreign Bible society and the
American Bible society both refused to
publish it, because he had translated
"baptizo" by a word meaning to immerse,
instead of transliterating it as
in the King James version. Then there
was the American Bible union, formed
because the American, and Foreign
Bible society, while it published a Bible
in Burman in which "baptizo" was
translated "immerse," refused to publish
? Rihlc in English in which the
! same thing was done.
I :i ,865 this American Bible union
published an edition of the New Testament
in which "baptizo" was translated
"immerse." Hence these tears
Troui the editors of the daily papers
forty-seven years later!
The controversies between these j
three Baptist Bible societies continued!
..it ii... t. ^ ~ i
liuin tilt* i ?n is i uenuiiiinanon in mc
Ulit? <! Starrs arose, and called the
great Bible convention at Saratoga, N.
Y., in iSSi:, ^he first time the Baptists
of the whole country had gotten together
by duly appointed delegates,
si?.ce division of its general cpn^,
conference ii, 18'46.
The Saratoga Bible Ccvention abolished
the American Foreign Bible
society, and the American Bible union,
and committee the whole Bible work,
ol the Baplisu, lomc and foreign, to
j the American Baptist Publication so
j ciety, with instructions to continue the
i version of the Bible union, by use of
J funds given especially for the purpose,
| ae they accumulated. This society api
pointed Dr. Alvah Hovey, Dr. John A.
1 Broadus and Dr. Henry G. Weston to
' . I
I prepare an "improved" edition of the
I Bible union New Testament, originally
j translated by Dr. T. J. Conant; and
; this was published in two editions, one j
! with "baptizo" translated "immerse' |
I and one with the transliteration "bap|
In 1889 the publication society appointed
Dr. Bernard C. Taylor, Dr. J.
j R. Sampey, Dr. William R. Harper
' and Dr. Ira M. Price to prepare an
"improved" version of the Old Testament,
based upon Dr. Conant's trans|
lations. This work has just been isj
sued by the society, making an entire
i "improved" Bible.
i That is the whole story, barring i
j some minor details.
You can get the whole "improved" j
Bible from the publication society or j
any of its branches for $1. We do not!
mind repeating, what we bav^ often j
said before, that the New Testament]
I is the best translation ever issued. \
That part, in the Bible now'issued,)
combines the two seperate versions
heretofore issued and both transliterates
and translates "baptizo" thus
"baptize (immerse)." The translation
of the Old Testament follows the style 1
of the New in using modern words and
modern style instead of following!
closely the King James version. It is [
a Bible which will add materially to j
the biblican equipment of any pastor;
or Bible teacher.
GENERAL JACK FROST
Some of tlie Remarkable Parts He has
Played in the Bier Wars. [
It is eighteen years since we had a
hard winter. There has not been a
C * ' + CmifU
iUI UXil^UL 'S esiVi'l.JXIg oil CUU 111 LUC uuiliu (
of England since 1894-5. Rain, fog ^
'gloom, sometimes a half-hearted at'tempt
at snow have been our winters',
Weather experts declare that anoth-j
er big cold snap is dne, and they point j
'to 1879. when a summer exactly like '
'th> deplorable one of 1912 was fol-'
lowed by weeks on end of bitter frost
"and whirling snowdrifts.
If it comes?if the year 1912 is going
To renew the old-time tradition of
'hard winters?it will add just one
more to a lone; tram of really amazing
coincidences. For the fact is, that
there has hardly been a European war
on a big scale in which General Jack
Frost has not taken a hand.
Go back a century. Eighteen hundred
and twelve was the year when
Nepolean made up his mind to invade v
Russia. Before starting he was careful
to inquire of the experts as to
what date winter usually set in in
southern Russia. Th^v tnld him tfca /
middle of December.
It was on June 24 that he invaded
Russia with 600,000 men, and he
reached Moscow on September 14.
That night fire broke out and within
five days the city was burned to the
ground. Even then he remained until
October 18 before commencing his retreat.
In the last week of October began the
worst frost which Europe had known (
for three generations. The Thames
froze from its source to the sea. The
Seine, the Rhine, the Danube were all
ice-bound. On the Adriatic, off Venice,
was seen the amazing sight of
floating ice floes. The Hellespont and
Frost's icy fingers lay heavy even upon
North Africa. Drift ice appeared in
the Nile, and there were snow storms
in Tripoli and Morocco.
As for Napoleon's huge army, it was
almost wiped out. Four hundred thousand
men perished. They froze to
death in battlalions as th<?v WvmMut
ed and when at last, on December 6,
Napoleion reached German soil out of
his whote vast host but 130,000 mea
left alive. * - 1
h.j' During the'\ winter, of 1853-4 the
TOrks were battling for . dear life
alpng the Danube against hordes of
Russian#, a-. In the following September
25.0M British troops, a eimiliar
number of French and 8,000 Turks
W&re landed in the Crimea.
>*: * 'e
Again, came a terrible winter, and
from the west of Ireland right across
into Asia, frost fell heavy on land and
sea. In London it froze for six Weeks
without a break. From Fehnarv I4r tn
Febua'ry 24 the thermometer ^ras be- .
low freezing every night. In the Crimea
the cold was fearful and our
army, disgracefully catered for, suffered
horribly. In all we lost 20,066
men, and of these only 12 per cent fell
in battle. The rest were defeated by
cold and disease, aggravated by a rotten
In 1870 came the,biggest war of the
latter half of the nineteenth century,
PAnflint hAtwAAm Pr9n/>a 4n<?
Germany. By October 19 there ;were
850,000 German troops in France,
Paris was besciged, and there began
the four months investment, with furious
fighting on both sides. Again
Jack Frost came to the aid of the Germans.
A long spell of intense cold
made life almost impossible for the
half-starved French, while the Ger
mans, who had the who'#1 country to
draw on, b-c;ide their own excellent
commissariat^ suffered very little. By
January, the city was in such a terrible
prmriitirvn that it snrrpndereri.
The date of the late great war in
which Turkey was engaged was 1877.
The Turlis were attacked by an enormously
superior force of Russians,
with the czar .himself in command
Osman Pasha, with 40,000 men, hurried
inland to Pieva, a vilage which
stood upon a hill, and there hastily
entrenched himself. The Russians had
100,000 men, but Osman and his
dauntless band defeated \fa2m in four
In November winter set in three
weeks earlier than usual. The turks
had no winter clothing, and little to
eat but maize-porridge .and horseflesh.
They suffered fearfully. At last
on December 9, they determined to
break out. There were only 30,000
left, but their rush was so tremendous
that they carried three lines of
Russian trenches before they were
surrounded, and forced by enormously
superior numbers to surrender unconditionally?London
Looking Ont for the Day.
Sandy was walking along the road
in deep thought, and it was bis minis\
ter who brought him to earth again
"Halloa, Sandy! Thinking of the future,
"No,'" replied Sandy, moodily. "Tomorrow's
the wife's birthday and A'm
thinkin' o' the present."?Exchange.