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VOLCKK LI., JiTMBEE 10. . SEWBERRY, SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY T, 1918. TWICE A WEEK, $U? A YEAR.
LEGISLATIVE SESSION I
MORE THAN HALF OVER
THE STATE WAREHOUSE ^ILL
Harmony So Far in Official Circles in |
Columbia?I. W. Bowman is
Special to The Herald and News.
A TX7"U^? ^ o 1
Columbia, reo. t>.? wucu a apcv/ifti |
message from Governor Blease was i
received in the house of representatives
on Tuesday night, Mr. Rembert,
of Columbia, moved that it be referred
to a certain committee. Another member
suggested that it be referred to the
attorney general, and Mr. Stevenson,
of Chesterfield, said he thought it
should be referred to the attorney
general with the request that th-e attorney
general investigate he matter
which the governor had directed at
tention, and make report to the genera!
assembly. This was entirely satisfactory
to Mr. Rembert, who said
1 that he would draw the resolution or
that Mr. Stevenson could draw it. Mr.
Stevenson drew the resolution, and it
This incident tends to show the harmony
which has so far prevailed during
the present session of the legislav
ture. During the last session Mr.
Rembert was looked upon as the floor
leader of the administration, and Mr.
Stevenson as the floor leader 01 ukanti-administration
forces, or "antiBlsase"
forces, as they were termed.
"The message asked an invstigation of
the status of the contract between the
-city of Columbia and the State for
furnishing water and lights to the
State's puSiic institutions^ and called
attention to the governor's message
of 1912, as to the water and lighting
plant being on State property, and
asking for an investigation of this
matter. Over in the senate the mes
sage was referred to the finance committee.
A commission, of which Senator
Alan Johnstone is chairman, aprecummended
that the State pay eight
cents per thousand gallons for water.
Last year the State paid aOout 4.60
rents per thousand. The increase,
taking t-he amount of water used last
year as a basis, would be from $7,500
to over $13,000. Gov. Blease protests
against this increase. In line with
suggestions in his annual message, he
takes the position that, as the State
able attention during the remainder cf j
This wfek and thf next two weeks, j
Charleston License Bill.
The Charleston license bill, which
has passed the house, will come up in
the senate, and there is considerable
fTuiAiilih'/Ml O o tn vvh'Jf the. will
W.O WW ?i 4*v*v V
do with it. The Columbia correspondent
of the News and Courier has prophesied
that it is likely to pass the
senate, "if other communities do not
make the effort to tie on to the proposition."
The situation with regard
to whiskey in Charleston has been
rmi^h dismiss#*} in the general assem
bly ever since the disp-ensary law
went into operation. and th^re are almost
as many vi^Ws with regard to it
ther<> are people to express them.
Statf Warehouse Bill.
Senator .Jno L. McLaurin spoke at
length in tho s?\*iate c:; Tuesday night
irA advocacy of the Stat ! warehouse
owns ICH? Sireuuia <tuu navci-i/unv-io, .1. |
ought to protect its interests by taxing
the companies using the water
powers, and that the State is now paying
enough for the delivery of its own
4adge of First Circait.
In joint assembly on Wednesday Mr.
I. W. Bowman, of Orangeburg, was
elected judge of the First circuit, succeeding
Judge R. E. Copes, resigned.
Mr. W. L. Glaze, of Orangeburg, who
was elected to the position sevral days
ago, declined, on the ground that his
physician advised against his acceptance
on account of his health. Mr.
Bowman was elected by a majority of
one vote?Senator E. .J. Dennis, of
Berkeley, received 73 votes, and Mr.
.J. Otey Reed, of Dorchester, received
~j. Mr. Bowman's vote was 82.' Necessary
to a choice, 81.
Many Local Bills.
Both houses of the general assembly
have, as usual, been flooded with local
measures, and a !arg< number of these
have been passed. There are several
measures of State-wide importance
which are likely to receive consider
bill. This bill attempts to meet the
constitutional objections held by the
supreme court to the bill which passed
last year. The bill provides: "For
the ^establishment and maintenance of
this system an inspection fee of 25
cents shall be paid fir inspecting,
grading and weighing each bale of
1 short. staDle cotton and oO cents for
j each bale of extra staple cotton or sea
island cotton, grown or offered for
sale in the State." It is estimated that
something like $300,000 would be raised.
In his- address on Tuesday night,
Senator Mcl-aurin said:
"This schem3 of warehousing can
be started without a very great outlay
of money. We must have a warehouse
in Columbia, one in the up country,
and one in Charleston to Degin wun.
T have thought tha+ possibly with suitable
freight arrangements the compress
should be in Florence, a central
point, so far as railroads are concerned.
The scheme can be made seifsustaining,
and when other States se^
us operating successfully, they will
readily fall in line. I look for great
results' from the next meeting of the
OUU LUCi II unvicii V.-W 1 * ^^, ?....
recommendations will be made as to a
uniform system of agricultural I>anks.
They will find South Carolina already
operating a warehouse system, which
will enable us to use our cotton as a
basis for money, without having to
depend on New York."
The discussion of this bill promises
to be one of the mcx=t interesting of the
Inberitaece Tax Kill Killed.
The house on Wednesday killed> Mr.
Rembert's inheritance tax bin. rne
bill created a lengthy debate.
Other Matters of Importanee.
Action 011 tM compulsory education
measures, the effort to abolish the
hosiery mill the State penitentiary,
the two-cent mileage bill and other
measures of importance is yet to be |
taken up. j
Many ?wberrr Yisitors.
The coi n snow has attracted a!
great number of Newberry people to
Columbia this week.
SEVEN HOURS' SLEEP;
\0 MOBE, >0 LESS
Cincinnati, Feb. 4.?"Seven hours'
sleep is all that is necessary for any
human being, and if obtained regularly
in certain hours nightly ,will keep
tbe body and mind in a healthy state,'
said Dr. Foertmeyer, coroner of Cincinnati,
regarded as an authority on
"Much of the disease of today is
due to too much or too little sleep. A
person who sleeps over seven hours
had too much rest, which makes the
mind siuggish and th^ muscles lazy.
On the other hand, the person who
has not had sufficient sleep is mentally
and physically unfit to perform
tint cnon anri
Uis wr UCl UUtlTSO " UHtL ?."
vim found in persons who have had
the required rest.
"Men and women who commit any
crime, as a rule, are long sleepers.
Their minds grow weak from too
much sleep and then they acquire the
'don't care* habit, which often results
in crime. ^ |
'Make it a rule to sleep sev^n hours |
and you will be better for it, mentally, j
physically and financially."
? ?. ??.w. . ,? !
BOTH I 1 I Off 151 IKA13.
White >fau Probably Fatally Hurt
by Seaboard Freight.
Greenwood Fob. 4.?A white man
named Yarborough had both legs cut
off by a through freight on the Seaboard.
at Lota, sev^n miles east of
h-ere this afternoon. From the reports
J ~ ?"-v I* <-? n.r ^ f V
receiveu utrx c, it iij/i/; <11 & iuu<. 1 uv^j. ough
and bis wife had just come to
Lota to begin work on a farm.
His household effects w-:re expected
on a local freight today, and he and
his wife wer^ at the station.
In some way Yarborough got under
th?T- train and was run ov-er, losing -both
logs below the knees and receiving lbad
gash on the head. He was brought
hvre late this evening a.:d hurried tc
th - hospital. Reports from there ir.ci- J
r:i ; hope for his recovery.
COLLEGE MATTER IS
CHARGES AS TO FEABODY FUND
Dr. D. B. Johnson Testifies to Amount
Received by Winthrop and Reads
Columbia, Feb. 6.?The first session
of the legislative committee appointed
to investigate certain statements
made by he governor in his inaugural
address concerning the University of
South Carolina and Winthrop college
oftornnnn in flip
Wets -1CIU JCOlKlUttJ j
supreme court room. President John- )
son, of Winthrop, occupied the stand j
practically all of the time, and after j
making his statement he was examin-1
eti by members of the committee to j
make clear certain sections of this |
'statement. The testimony was most
i interesting and threw considerable
| light on the ditsributioa of the Peaj
body fund to the various educational '
- Tha fnnH !
j lilbUlUUUUS 1X1 LIUC owutn. i iic lunu |
j amoynted to about $3,000,000.
Members of Committee.
The members of the investigating
committee are Senators Weston, chairman;
Young and Goodwin, and Representatives
Ashley and Welsh. The room was
crowded during the session which ad- j
journed at 6 o'clock to meet again today
at 4 o'clock. It was decided to
hold a session of two hours each day
but the examination will be pushed
aa> rapidly as possible. Among some
of the witnesses wiio are present and
may testify are Martin F. Ansel, former
governor; President Mitchell, ofj
the University of South Carolina Au-j
gust Kohn, a member of the board of j
trustees of that institution, and oth-1
The committee was called to order
by Senator Weston, and Mr. Nicholson
read the resolution introduced by
Representative Ashley, calling for the
| investigation. The resolution referred
| to remarks made by the governor in
his inaugural address in which he
charged that the president of the
University of South Carolina went
Xorth and agreed that if the Peabody
board gave the university a certain
amount of money he (President Mitchell)
would agree to let the Vemainder
go to the education, of the negro,
and that this action cut Winthrop out
"of a considerable amount of money.
Senator Weston askfd the governor,
who was present, if he had any statement
to make. The governor said that
his first information did not come
'from President Johnson, but from D.
W. McLaurin, a member of the Win'throp
board, -who showed him a letter
from F. H. McMaster, an alumnus
of the institution, addressed to
President Johnson, and a copy of a
reply. This was in September, 1911.
Later Dr. Johnson was in the city and
he had a talk with him in the executive's
office. His object in. making
this statement, he said, was to show
' that Dr. Johnson was not a talebearer.
TSr_ Tl. R- Jnlmsnn.
Dr. Johnson was then sworn. In
"his statement he said that he had no
fight to make on any other educational
institution but his duty was to
look after the interests of Winthrop
'college. He supposed that an alumnus
of the university was acting for
'the university, referring to the letter
.from Mr. ilcMaster to himself. He
then read the letter, which was dated
June 27, 1911, and which states that
the writer had learned that the Pea- j
body board had decided to give $40,- j
000 to the university but later, at the
"suggestion of Jresident Johnson, had
decided to give the entire $90,000 alloted
this Stat;- to Winthrop college.
President Johnson's reply, dated
July 15. 1911, says that it was at his
"suggestion that Winthrop received the
$90,000 and he would like to know
the- nam>e of the informant. He had
been working for 20 years for Winthron
coileee. and it waa understood
1 that when the Peobody fund was final|
ly distributed Winthrop college would
j'get a large slice. Dr. J. L. M. Curry
f and Melville W. Fuller, chief justice |
,\f < U a t?i rt r> r\ Knf I
Ui * ILK CMi pi. I'UUi iLiiU UUia ai'. Uibor3
of the -board, had so informed
him. It was tho understanding that
aftt r the Peabody institute at Nashville
had b-ren provided for Winhrop J
college would coir.e in for perhaps as j
: as Th Peabody aiuin-j
ni in 1903, after indorsing that institution
as the one to be favored, urged
that the board distribute the balance
among State normal colleges. The
University of Tennessee did not take
any such action as the University of
South Carolina. This university, he
said, had indorsed a plan whereby the
Peabody fund be distributed among the
Ct i.L > , 1< j
oouuiem universiues ana noi a aonar
go to the normal schools. As a result
this State lost anywhere between
$200,000 and possibly $500,000. The
university, knowing the influence that
Winthrop had with the Peabody board, j
might have kept out of this.
Only in recent years have the nor
"mal schools received State aid and it j
was a long uphill fight. He had the i
documents to prove tljat it was the de- |
sire of the board to favor Winthrop I
next to Peabody. One was from the;
lfltP Phipf Tiiotion Tull^r. ?.U ^ -? ' J I
u uowk.^> 1' unci, WIIU teciiu j
that h? favored giving Winthrop $500.- j
000, and another was from the late |
William A. Courtenay, a member of j
-the board, along the same line and i
stating further that he would do every- J
thing possible for the institution. |
Capt. Courtenay was succeeded by j
Martin F. Ansel.
Letters frcm other members of the!
Peabody board and others testifying j
as to friendship for the institution j
were also read, Dr. Johnson stating j
that he wanted to bring out that his
institution stood high?practically
nexi 10 tne fea&ody instituted. He also
referred to the reports of the meetings
of the board.
IiifitaeBees oh Board.
After the death of Dr. Curry, according
to Dr. Johnson, certain influences
were brought to bear on the
v.--, *u _ c??v.
uuai a uj tut; ouutuciu um *<ci SILICB
which would have eliminated the normal
schools in the distribution- of the
fund. In 1909 at a meeting in Atlanta
resolutions were adopted urging
that $100,000 be given them and the
balance to go to negro education. The
policy of the University of South Carolina,
represented at the meeting,
should have been to help Winthrop.
In New York a committee from the
university wanted to secure $40,000
of the $90,000 given. He believes this
effort hurt Winthrop and it certainly
did not help the university.
Through questions by Mr. Nicholson
it was brought out that in 1906
a subcommittee was appointed from
the board to consider the board taking
the step which was afterwards
urged by the Southern universities in
1909. The committee consisted of
thr-e and two of them favored such
action. The other member did not
sign it. Their report was not printed
until several years later.
vfr Nicholson?The University of
South Carolini did not get the- $40,000
asked for, did it?
President Johnson?No, sir.
Mr. Nicholson?Did not some of the
other Southern universities get theirs?
President Johnson?The University
of Georgia, University of Alabama, .
University of North Carolina, University
of Florida and possibly others, i
Proceedings in Atlanta.
The following is a copy of the proceedings
at the conference in Atlanta [
in 1909, which was furnished by Gov. I
Ansel and read by Dr. Johnson: !
University Received Nothing.
Mr. Nicholson?Rut the University ;
of South Carolina received nothing?)
Dr. Johnson?No, Winthrop receiv- I
ed $90,000, but, as I stated before, this j
State would havf- received much more j
had not the university interfered.
in nis address iu cut- ^n'.'hu c-?o-;
sembly the governor had the follow-1
ins to say: !
"That is a matter for you to investigate
and it is a serious matter. If!
they had let Winthrop alone, I am in- i
fnnnpri chp would haV-< ?TOt S90.000. !
and possibly considerably more, but;
by this underhanded fight she was cut,
down very considerably in that appro-1
priation, and you will be called upon !
this year, as a result, to make a larger j
appropriation than you would have j
had to make if Winthrop had received;
Education of ?*?ro.
Mr. Xicholson?Did the Peabody j
will contain any provision as to the t
education of the negro.
Dr. .Johnson?I do rot know. The
resolutions of the Atlanta meeting,
were passed in 1909, but the issue a?
to Winthrop college was drawn in
GOV. BLEASt SENDS
| SPECIAL MESSAGE
TO LEGISLATURE AS TO PEABODY
FUND AND UNIVERSITY.
j The Petition Signed by President S. C.
| Mchell Asking Aid Training
Special to The Herald and News.
Columbia, Feb. 6.?The committee
appointed by the legislature to look
into the charges or the statement of
Governor Blease in his inaugural, with
reference to President Mitchell and
the Peabody fund, began its investigation
Wednesday afternoon. Most of
the afternoon was taken up with the
testimony of President Johnson, of
Winthrop college. During the progress
of his testimony, the petition or agreement
to which Governor Blease referred
as having been signed by President
Mitchell and others requesting a
portion of the Peabody fund to be used
for the education of the negroes, was
Governor Blease this -morning sent
the following: message to the legislature,
which message embodies the petl- j
tion and agreement referred to:
Message >"o. 17.
, Gentlemen of me General Assembly:
I Questioned by Mr. Young and Mr.
r>r Johnson told of the <es
I "cmw-' ~
t tabliBhment of a training school in
j Columbia years before the establish|
ment of Winthrop college and the aid
j received from the Pea body fund at
; that time. At first it was $1,500 a
year and later increa&rd. A few years
ago a lump sum of $12,000 was ac|
cepted in lieu of this annuity for a
new dormitory and later $5,000 was
After the Atlanta paper was r^ad,
Mr. Young asked if Dr. Johnson knew
how many States participated in th>? j
distribution of the interest on the j
fund at any time. Dr. Johnson said
there might be a dozen* One $tate.
Mississippi, he said, did not get any.
on account of the repudiation of some
bonds. The amount of th-e- fund \vaabout
$3,000,000 and of this Peabody
institute was to receive $1,500,000.
Mr. Young brought out that if a doze..
States each received $100,000 and with
the- amount of the repudiated bonds
there would be very little left for the
T- urJHrfkss. the 20V
Ill ins niciuguiui , ^
"If I am correctly informed, tb-:
Pen body fund being distributed
throughout these United States ha9
as one of the members of its trustees
the Hon. Martin F. Anefcl, ol
Souh Carolina. If 1 am correctly informed,
the trustees of this fund had
agreed to give Winthrop college about
$90,000. The president 01 iue ovum
Carolina college went North, and I
am told that Mr. Ansel has in his possession
a statement signed by
president of the South Carolina college
that if the Peabody fund trustees
wnnlrt sive to the South Carolina col
lege a certain amount of that morvey,
that he, as president of th South Carolina
college, would agree and consent
far the remainder of that money to go
to the- education -of free negroes. I
have tried to get a copy of that report,
and have not succeeded; but I have
the word of Prof. I). B. Johnson, the
able and distinguished president of j
Winthrop, that that is true."
President Johnson thought that
about $350,000 had been the causae of
negro education in the South. He did
not know as to the amount that might
have been given in this State.
Questioned by Mr. Weston, he said
thnt- Mr McMaster was
l.lldL 1IC n.uv II ' -
a devoted alumnus of the university j
and thought that he must have had j
some communication with the board of'
trustees before writing the letter. He;
said that he knew Mr. McMa3ter was j
not a member of the board of trustees t
of the university. He believed, as he
had stated before, that the university
had made a mistake.
Mr. McMaster, who was present,
that be be given an opportunity j
to make a statement if he* deemed It j
necessary and he will probably ap- [
ppar later. Dr. Mitchell read extracts j
from the inaugural address of the!
governor just b-'-fore a recess was tak-;
Look and listen while your clerk
"To the Trustees Peabody Education
"At a meeting held in Atlanta, Ga.,
, *on the 16th of April, 1909, there were
| present representatives of eight Southern
States. At the meeting there were
six presidents and four heads of
schools of education.
"It was the unanimous' belief of
those present that there is no greater
want in the field of Southern education
than the need for high school
teachers. We could produce statistics
and other evidence to establish this
proposition, but we believe the facta
are alreay well known to you.
j "It is quite true, and we believe that
it is quite evident, that this will continue
though we trust that adequate
provision will be made to supply tho
demand after some years.
"In every one of the universities
represented a beginning . had been
made to supply this need. These beginnings,
in spite of the very meagre
support which the universities had
been able to supply, are full of prom'
ise. It was apparent from the inter
I change- of opinions that the specific,
conditions and needs of the several
universities varied, and on this account
we do not present in detail a
plan for expenditure. j
"It is our opinion that the widest
and most permanent good will be ac;
complished by encouraging the schools
j of education in the several State*.
J "We believe that the school of edu
cation in the State university is the
natural medium through which this
need of high school teachers should b&
supplied, and we feel assured that it isthe
most economical method of meeting
the demand. Separate teachers'
colleges we consider entirely beyoad
the ability of the States. The- exeefrj
lent normal schools supply a training..
insufficient in extent, and in some
cases do n,ot admit male students to
"We believe that the young man
trained in the State universities and
having taken the course in its school
| of education is best prepared to serve
his Stst? as high school teaebwr.
"If, as we confidently belief tha
need of high school teacners is urgent,
and a school of education in the
State university is the best and most
feasible m - thod of supplying this need,
we most earnestly request your honorable
body donate $100,000 to each State
university in thos.?- States participating
in this fund, for the training of
white teachers and the remaining for
the training of negro teachers in
"The u?e of the Peabody fund up to
UiiS UlliC ica ?co <i i ^ wi u V*
in the well established systems of normal
schools throughout th South, and
this proposition, if acc-'pted by you,
will widen, and perpetuate this beneficent
(Signed) "Franci; P. Venable, president
of University of North Carolina;
S. C. Mitchell, president of University
? n A On\XTo_
OI T30UII1 V/ai'uuua, raunov/u nmu
law, dean, department of education,
University of South Carolina; Brown
Ayres, president, University of Tennessee;
John W. Abercrombie, president,
University of Alabama; A. Caswell
Ellis, professor of education, University
of Texas; Andrew Kincannon,
Chancellor, University of Mississippi;
Alex B. Coffey, dean, Teachers'
college, Louisiana State university;
David C. Barrow, chancellor, University
Did you catch the words, "and the'
remaining for the training of negro
teachers in same States?" Did you
hear the second name to the paper,
"S. C. Mitchell, president, University of
South Carolina ?,? Is "the training of
negro teachers" "education of free
negroes?" Please refer to that part
of my inaugural address, published in
your Journal, referring to this matter.
I send you this message, incorporating
the paper quoted above, because.
irom wnai i nave seen, 1 L-wir yvu
would never, never see it unless I
should send it; and I am satisfied that
a great many of the people of this
State will never see it, anyway.
If this agreement is carried out,
where would your girls' college, the
great Winthrop, come in for her share
of this money?
Thf>re mav bo a Daint-brush used,
and it may hav?* white paint on it;
1hiTP may be all kinds of quIDMIng -ex
fCONTIXTED OX PAGE 4>.