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"WALLS OF < (>.\STt\ UNOI'I K.
4 They Have Kept the Ancieut Capital
" T'""* Hundred
rustic iur r?^i LI^UI uuuu'xu
' Y ears.
;0n May, 29, 1453, the Turkish
hordes, under Mohammed II, " the
conqueror," stormed the great city
_ which has since then been their capiW
tal, as for a thousand years and
more before it was- the capital of the
Roman empire. In those days it was
a vast fortified camp, the strongest
fortress in the world, as it was the
V!-. - ~ 1/Nn^v O Q
greatest city, impregnate su xun5
it was adequately garrisoned. That
was not the case in 1453; 9,000 men
could not maintain nearly 14 miles of
walls against the attacks of 15,000 supported
by such an artillery train as
ku > had never previously been gathered
ir together. Since 1435 the city has never
ben actually beseiged, though more
Jl than onoe threatened. The' mighty
walls which for a thousand years held
every adversary, at bay were allowed
to decay, and are now in ruins.
In 330 Constantine the Great et
: tablishment and renamed the city of
"Rvzac as the new capital -of the Ro
man empire. The population of Constantines's
city soon outgrew the
bounds that he had lain down, and in
413 Anthemius, the city prefect, states-'
man, financier, administrator and milritary
reformer, raised the first TheoJ
dosian rampart more than a mile in
advance of that of Constantine.
Shattered by Earthquake,
In 447, in the stress of the disastrous
war with Attila an earthquake I
fell on Constantine City, overthrew the!
wall, and shattered 57 of the towers, j
The danger was* imminent. The Huns
were in Thrace. The Illyrian pro
1 J fr/\m oaq fn !
YZLlOfS H'dU uctJii woo tea uvui ow
^ ^ sea. Three Roman armies had perished
in the attempt to hold hack the;
raging torrent of Mongol savagery; j
. j and Attila, the "Scourge of God," the
"Dread of the World," was advancing
against the city. Hope there seemed
none, but Constantine rose grandly to
the occasion- Every craftsman in the
city was set to work on the task of
restoration; 16,000 citizens served as
laborers; in 60 days the fallen wall
had risen anew, and a second line of j
defense had been constructed in adj
vance of it. On the gate called anciently
of Rheugium we may read to
% this day the simple, proud inscription
which proclaims it to the world. "In
60 days, by command of the sceptered
Emperor Konstantinos the Eparcfc. added
wall to wall."
Gigantic Moat and Sea Walls.
In the succeeding years the work !
was completed; the gigantic moat,
with its solid embattled scarp, its
counterscarp and dams was excavat
^ ed. The sea walls were constructed,!
^ and when Avar and Persia ana Sa- j
l racen began to beat at its gates the j
citadel of the Roman empire, was in- j
f deed mighty. The enemy who came!
from the side of Europe was faced by
three or even four successive lines
of defense. First came the moat, 60 j
feet wide and probably 20 feet deep. |
with on the farther side a masonry i
, * scarp topped by a solid stone wall or j
4* 'breastworks some six or seven feet I
? "U i Vv Ivi o or>r? i
1 \ XUgLl, ilVUi UtrLlJlIU nmtu anucis auu ;
slingers could fire directly across the;
ditch. The solid stone bridges which
spanned the latTer were broken down ;
in times of seige, the great civil gates !
closed or walled up, and only the nar- i
rower military gates which gave ac- [
oess to the esplanade behind thej
breastworks wrere used.
Great Esplanade in Rnius.
This outward esplanade, anciently
known as the Paratelchon, is about
40 feet wide. Along its inner side
stood the second wall, fearfully shat-j
tered by the Turkish cannonade in j
1453, and today largely heaps of j
ruins. It stood originally about 251
feet to 30 feet high. Its solid thick-1
ness was about seven feet but on its j
f inner side the earth was banked up |
^ against it to within about 12 feet!
from the top, and the portion rising i
above the esplanade thus formed was j
strengthened by casements of mason- j
rv, with loopholes, for archery pierced j
in the thickness of the frontal wall.:
The whole was buttressed by somS j
100 towers, ranging from 30 feet toj
35 feet in height from the Paratel-;
sn/? ncn-nllv nhrmt 1 fppt OrlS '
feet in diameter.
The inner and higher esplanade j
was known as the Peribolos, or inx
closure; it averaged about 60 feet
in -width. On its inner side was the
first or great wall, a huge barrier
* rising 45 feet from the level of the
esplanade and to considerably more
on each flank of the towers, where
it was carried up to protect the stairway
which gave access to their tops.
This w-all had a solid thickness of 15
feet, increased in many places to
Ak over 20 feet by the staircases which
led up to the platforms. There were
*7 flankinsr towers nbout R0 feet'
high, projecting from 18 to 30 feet into
the Peribolosi, chiefly of square
or octagonal shape.
Nearly Surrounded the City.
This vast bulwark of wall and
i Stop ar
Would you 1;
Loan of $3,0<
at 7 per cent, or
farm lands 5 or
come and talk v
J. A. B
moat did not quite cover the land
front of the city, but ended at the
hill of Blachernae, a quarter of a
mile from the Golden Horn. In
.front of this hill, which formed a vast
natural platform and embankment to
it, a single wall extends to the xyloPorta
on the Goldem, Horn. This
wall, though never apparrentiy covered
by any ditch, is in itself immensei
ly strong, and backed up as it is by a
hill, was judged by the Turks in 1452
too strong to be attacked. Sucessive
emperors gave their attention to the
fortification of this quarter, and in
some places the rampart is nearly 70
feet high and 33 to 60 feet thick.
. Its pride was the city of Constantine
guarded from attack. Before
that vast bulwark in their myriads
I lie the bodies of Huns, Slavs and
| Avars, of Saracens and Bulgarians of
! Magyars and of Turks, of those who
i cam^ and fought and perished in the
1 vain endeavor to beat down the desperate
resistance of the rear guard of
Christianity, standing at bay against
' unremitting onslaught through the
j long ages.
I (May Byron. "The Wind on the
Heath," Springfield Republican.)
My child is mine.
Blood of my blood, flesh oi' my flesh
Rocked on my breast and nurtured at
j my knee
Fed with sweet thoughts ere ever he
Wrested in battle through the gates
With passionate patience is my treasure
And all my pain with priceless joy rewarded,
My child is mine.
Xay, but a thousand thousand powers
Dispute him with me, lurking wolflike
In every corner of the ambushed years
Disease and danger dog him; foes and
Bestride his path, with menace fierce
He^ me, oh, God! these are too migh
ty xor me:
My child is mine,
But pomp and glitter of the garish
wean him hence; while, tenderly
Like a spring leaf, his delicate, spotless
Op-en in blinding sunlight. And the
Of blue and blossom, scents and songs
May woo him from my wardenship of
My child is mine.
Yet all his gray forefathers of the
Challenge the dear possession; they
His soul's clear purity with dregs and
Of vile unknown ancestral impulse;
Ana viewless hand from shadowy regions
With dim negation frustrate all my
My child is mine
By what black fate, what ultimate
Shall be that radiant certainty reversed
Though hell should its fiery gulfs
Though all the heaven of heavens
Bound with a bond not God himself
The babe I love is mine forever and
My child is mine.
What the Warden Didn't Understand.
Joseph Jefferson was once fishing
when a game warden approached and
examined his catch, which consisted
of on-e beautiful black bass. Then the
"It will cost you sir, just twenty-five
dollars for catching this black bass
out of season."
"I take a black bass out of season?"
exclaimed Jefferson. "Nev&r! Suck an,
ike to have a
DO to $15,000
i well improved
10 years? If so, ;
<$> LODGE DIBECTOBX.
Newbery Camp, No. 542, W. 0. W.,!
meets every second and fourth Wed- \
nesday night in Klettner's Tiail, at 8 !
Amity Lodge, Ao. 87, A. F. M.
Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. M., meeta |
every first Monday night at 7.30 o'clock |
j in Masonic Kail. Visiting brethren J
T. P. Johnson,
i W. Earhardt, W. M.
Wodmen of the World.
Maple Camp, No. 437, W. 0. W.,
meets every first and third Wednesday
evening at 7.45 o'clock. Visiting
brethren are corially welcome.
D. D. Darby,
J. A. Derrick, Clerk.
Bergell Tribe, >To. 24, I. 0. B. M.
Bergel! Tribe, No. 24, Improve*! Order
Red Men, meets every Thursday
night at 8 o'clock in Ktettner's Hall.
J. 0. Havird,
! 0. Kletfc yr, Sachem.
Ohief of Records.
Omaha Tribe, I. 0. B. M.
Omaha Tribe, No. 75, I. 0. R. M., |
Prosperity, S. C., meets every first and
third Friday night at 8o'clock in Masonic
hall Visiting brethren are welcome.
G. H. Dominick,
Prof. J. S. Wheeler, Sachem.
Chief of Records.
Caoteecbee Council, >o. 4, P. of P. 1
0. B. M?
Cateechee Council, No. 4, D. of P.,
meets every other Tuesday night at 8
o'clock p. m., in Klettner's Hall.
Signet Chapter, J?'o. 18, B. A. M.
Signet Chapter, No. 18. R. A. M.,
meets ?very second Monday night at
8 r?'r?lr?r>lr in TWasnrnn "Wall
T. P. Johnson, E. H. P.
Lacota Tribe, I. 0. R. 51.
Lacota tribe, No. 79, I. 0. R. M., Ja- |
lapa, S. C., meeting every other Wed- j
nesday night at 8 o'clock in Summer i
hall. Visiting brethren are welcome.
T. C. Dobbins,
J. Wm. Folk, Sachem.
Chief of Records.
>*ewberry Commandery, Xo. 6, K. T.
Newberry Commandery, No. 6, K. T.,
meets every third Monday night at 8
o'clock in Masonic Hall.
Fred. H. Dominick,
T. P. Johnson, E. C.
idea never even occurred to me. I'll |
tell you how it happened," as he handed
the warden a cigar. "That black
bass was eating the bait off my hooks
as fast as I could put it on, so I
thought I would just tie him up where
he couldn't get at it until I got
PROTECT THE BIRDS.
"Audubon" Pleads for McLean Bill
>*ow in Congress.
To the' Editor of The State.
Every bird lover and farmer should
write immediately to his representative
in congress urging the passage at
j this sessiQn of the McLean bill for the;
protection of migratory and insectivorous
birds. This bill has already
passed the senate, but has yet to come
before the house. It is most important
and far-reaching, and its economic effect
incalculable for good to the people
of the whole country.
If such slaughter continues as prevails
now in some States, notably our
own, no song birds, no weed seed eat ers,
no insect eaters, no birds at all
to patrol our forests and fields and
keep down the insects which destroy
trees and crops, and keep down the injurious
weed seed, the flourishing
crops of which cause the farmers so
much trouble. Audubon.
Barnwell County, February 19.
um - vy* .1 ' ^ " *f
vw. ?>. ar'te.ftwuwc^aw-L? am i.. /"rt
nvre.-g'C.M!!. --*> >j--.^--.--y -t.*-- -r^/-. -----:. ..77-w.
There was jc
wnen n was am
blend of Frencl
everywhere in t
For over a hund
joyed only at the ol
building of the Frei
Market Coffee any\
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, ,
nniTXTY OF NKWBERRY.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
0. B. Mayer, Plaintiff,
Olie Waites, Hattie Waites or Hattie
Livingston, Katie Bell Tribble, Jolm
Waites, Queen Ann Hall, Mimmie
Hall and Gloria Waites, Defendants.
Puisuant to an order of the Court
herein, I will sell to the highest bidder,
v/ithin the legal hours of sale, on
Monday, saleday, March 3,1913, at public
ouccry, before the Court House door
at Newberry, S. C., the following described
property, towit: All that tract,
piece, parcel or plantation of land lying
and being situate in the County of
Newberry, State of South Carolina,
containing one hundred sixty-four and
one-fourth (164 1-4) acres, more or
l-?ss, bounded by lands of Mrs. Ola C.
Floyd, Ann Clark, estate of J. J. Reed
? - ? ?i.
er, J. S. Pitts ana oy cusu xuvei.
Terms of sale: One-half cash, and
the balance in twelve months from
the day of sale, the credit portion to
be secured by a bond of the purchaser
and a mortgage of the premises sold
and to bear eight per cent, interest
from tlie day of sale and until paid In
f,,n navaTile annually,
^ 11 i 1 j 1 XX C A V/O V/ w w v/ m ^
and th-e said bond and mortgage to
further provide for ten per cent, attorney's
fres in case of collection or suit
by an attorney, with leave to the pur- j
chaser to anticipate the credit portion
in whole or in part. The purcliaser
will be required, as soon as his bid
is accepted, to pay one hundred dollars
cash as an evidence of good faith
and to bind his purchase. Purchaser
-<? 11 ~ ~ryr>A TV?./"V/-\Tr1 in <-r ftf
to pay ior an paycis emu
H. H. Rikard,
Master for Newberry County.
Schedules Effective December ft, "1111
Arrivals and Departures Newberry,
fN. B.?These schedule figures are
shown as information only and are not
8:51 a. m.?N?. 15, daily from Columbia
to Greenville. Pullman
sleeping car between Charleston
11:50 a. m.?No. 18, daily, from Greenville
to Columbia. Arrives Columbia
1:35 p. m., Augusta 8:35 p. m.
Charleston 8:15 p, m.
2:45 p. m.?No. 17, daily, from Columbia
9:05 p. m.?No. 16, daily, from Green- j
ville to Columbia. Pullman sleeping
car Greenville to Charleston.
Arrives Charleston 8:15 a. ul Arrive
Savannah 4:15 a. m. Jack- |.
eonville 8:30 a. m.
Four further information c^ll oa
ticket agents, or E. H. Coapman, V. P
" " T* TTr.?v<??+rtT, ri n? j. L.
(Sc ij. M.t r? aon-iiifeUL/*^ ?
Meek, A. G. P. A., Atlanta, Ga., or F
Ii Jenldn?, T. P. A., Aagwrta, Ga.
CHICHESTER S PILLS
TIIE DIAMOND BRAND. A
Ladles! Ask your Druggist for A\
(( CIil-chcs-teHs Diamond Brand/VV\
Pills in Red and 4?old nietalllcV^r/
Vy ?boxes, sealed with Bice Ribbon.
T*1 ^ Take no other. Buy of yoor ?
1/ ~ m Dnxgrist. AskforCIIi-CireS-TERa
J W Jf DIAMOND BRAND PILLS, for
A1?* J? jreus known as Best, Safest. Always ReliabJ*
o . i- it?rjr?T4s*c?m /xr-3?*aBcri5c?nt7J3r-r-1Tr-?-p-' w.?tv?-J
? .. .?y?i?'.'oA''-?wss^?a'. v?j?faffi?c/v.<*x^:3C Ajji.ir=x
Coffee of the
Mow on Near
>y in thousands of J
nounced that the gen
h Market Coffee col
fl II i i/>.
red years this famous old
d French Market in New
ich Market Mills and the i
can, made it possible to s
vhere, with all its deliciou
So that now it is foun<
inrr in rvi th
IUU1V AAA VI1V>
NATIONAL DRINK C
k Roasted by our unique
f FRENCH MAF
y (New Orleans Coffee
fi ww r"iTi T*rr ~~ m
THE PURE FOOD?WHI
To arrive at the top in any
commercial effort one must produce,
ter than has been produced, offeree
Fifty years ago we determined tfc
must be the finest whiskey distilled
Kentucky and we have never de^
policy. Today we are known as th
of fine old whiskies in the world. ~~
Sunny Brook reached the
surpassed all others in mellow flavc
quet and tonic properties. The friends S
of its high quality and purity are still its frie
of the discriminating public demands Sunn;
of any kind. Sunny Brook is a real hoi
a J mwm KA*I J PirAnr io
IUilliiCU AM wvuu. UUIUC O uavu aiiu t.j
the direct supervision of U. S. Inspectors,
best always ask .for Sunny Brook?The Pu
I I i ?J| I I K] * I I J HI ^ j| Y#
E. B. GIBSON HARRIN
BROWN & HAGIN
|$8-5g WE PAYEFREIGHT
I Pay Freight, is the greatest bargain ever <
water incubator. Order right now or at
cular, because you ought to know all aboi;
Finest Catalogue ever printed, FREE,
carne about," mailed free. It will interes
the oldest maker of Incubators.
PETALUMA INCUBATOR C
kBS Box Indianapolis. Ind. Box
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
' COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
COURT 0F COMMON PLEAS.
'Thomas E. Wicker; Plaintiff,
National Motorcycle Company and M. I
W. Arrowood, Defendants.
Under and by authority of an order
,'of Court in the above entitled case,
'passed by his honor, R. "W. Memmin'ger,
Presiding Judge, on November 23,
1912, I will sell, for cash, to the high'est
bidder on Saturday, March 1, 1913,
" 1 1 v- - ~ tVia P/VTITt
XX O CiOCK <1< JUi?j c? w*?? v
^Hcroae at Newtoams S. C:, ^
*? ; ? ^ /
' frr" jf.'jtmsx j *u.m uv mjc nnraaa
; Old French
Southern homes |
uine old French
ild now be had
V. . A
blend couid be en?
Orleans. But the ]
invention of the new ^
hip real old French
is aroma and flavor
d on almost every dinand
has become the
>F THE SOUTH.
Co., Ltd., Props.)
offer and dobet- buNNYBROOR
I or done before. Whici/ttY
at Sunny Brook ^
and aged in Old q f
nated from this THt^NYt?o?DisTiua?c
top because it
?r, exquisite bouiunny
Brook made fifty years ago because
nds, and all over this broad land a majority
7 Brook and absolutely refuses substitutes
lest, straight Kentucky Whiskey and is
nen sealed with the "Green Stamp," under
If you want to know vou are getting the
re Food Whiskey. READ THE LABEL.
t order to
A. L. ALSOBROOK CO.
GTON INTERSTATE LIQUOR CO.
JEFFERSON DISTIU.ING CO.
used more extensively through-1 jl'J
: the world than any others, f
ching Hen, Duck, Turkey, Goose. i V*^|
trich, Alligator, and all other kinds \ '^1
ffFORNIA REDWOOD, the best for grig
ubators, is used. We arc cio^e to the Kaw
at Redwood Fort"1!'5 :.:id jret the best. sHR
j want the mo?t reliable incubators and SH
oders. Then lean: about t ie l'ctaluraa
'ersons ordering Toy c.'i 0!:"cks" *-o*n Emm
hatcheries are specifying "these clucks Kgnjj
st be hatched in I'etaluma Incubators."
it tells its own storv. ?50?
G CITY INCUBATORS are the best gjj
id. Model 63 eggs for $3.50 and We j?K
offered in a small hotk^n|
t you. Tells who is ^^9 I
Motorcycle, Motor No. 5644.
Cannon G. Blease,
Sherilt Newberry County, S. C.
THE COMMUTATION TAX.
The law is clear and plain that tie
commutation road tax must be paid,
if at all, by the first of March. The
time can not be extended. It is better
to pay this tax, for it may not be convenient
for you to work the roads
when the time comes.
w A TTill.
Ne-wberry, S. C., February 19, 1913.