Newspaper Page Text
His Inaugural Address Calls on
All Honest Men to Aid in
Will RESTORE, NOT DESTROY'
"? I AL!_* T- A! O O I 1
rMCW umeT txccunvc o?oneinyc ui
w Government Means the Nation Is
Jp Using Democratic Patry for
Large and Definite Purpose,
Washington, March 4. ? Looking
upon the victory of the Democratic
party as the mandate of the nation to
correct the evils that have been allowed
to grow up in our national life,
President Wilson in his inaugural address
today called on all honest men
to assist him in carrying out the will
of the people. Following is his ad
There has been a change of government.
It began two years ago, when
the house of representatives became
1 Democratic by a decisive majority.
It has now been completed. The seno
tr\ aaeomhlfi will alsn he
atv nvvuv. w ..... M
Democratic. The offices of president
and vice-president have been put into
the hands of Democrats. What does
the change mean? That is the question
that is uppermost in our minds j
today. That is the question I am go- j
ins to try to answer, in order, if I !
may, to interpret the occasion.
New Insight Into Our Life.
fefe It means much more than the mere
0 success of a party. The success of a
party means little except when the
nation is using that party for a large
and definite porpose. No one can
mistake the purpose for which the j
1? x. i.i? ^ I
nation now see&s iu use LUC ueuiv j
cratic party. It seeks to use it to in- j
terpret a change in its own plans and j
point of view. Some old things with j
which we had grown familiar, and :
which had begun to creep into the j
very habit of our thought and of our j
lives, have altered their aspect as we
have latterly looked critically upon
them, with fresh, awakened eyes;
have dropped their disguises and
x shown themselves alien and sinister.
Some new things, as we look frankly
upon them, willing to comprehend
their real character, have come to as- j
sume the aspect of things long believ- j
? J fomiliar cfiifp nf nil r nwTl i
1U auu tamiiia:, ovuu UA . ..?
convictions. We have been refreshed
by a new insight into our own life.
We see that in many things that
life is very great. It is incomparably |
great in its material aspects, in its !
body of wealth, in the diversity and
sweep of its energy, in the industries j
> which have been conceived and built j
up by the genius of individual men I
and the limitless enterprise of groups j
of men. It is great, also, very great, I
in its moral force. Nowhere else in
the world have noble men and women
exhibited in more striking form the
beauty and energy of sympathy and
helpfulness and counsel in their efforts
to rectify wrong, alleviate suffering,!
? and set the weak in the way of |
^ strength and hope. We have built up,
moreover, a great system of govern- j
ft ment, which has stood through a long
r i -age as in many respects a model for
I those who seek to set liberty upon !
- - * " ? * ! i. I
foundations tnat wm enaure agtuu&i i
fortuitous change, against storm and
accident. Our life contains every i
great thing, and contains it in rich
Human Cost Not Counted.
But the evil hps come with the j
good, and much fine gold has been
corroded. With riches has come in
t excusable waste. We h?ve squandered
a great part of what we might
have used, and have not stopped to
conserve the exceeding bounty of nature,
without which our genius for enterprise
would have been worthless
and impotent, scorning to be careful, |
shamefully prodigal as well as admir-j
ably efficient. We have been proud of j
our industrial achievements, but wej
^ have not hitherto stopped thought- j
fully enough to count the human cost,!
the cost of lives snuffed out, of ener- i
gies overtaxed and broken, the fear-:
t ful physical and spiritual cost to the |
men and women and children upon
whom the dead weight and burden of
it all has fallen pitilessly the years
through. The groans and agony of it
all had not vet reached our ears, the
solemn, moving undertone of our life,
coming up out of the mines and factories
and out of every home where
the struggle had its intimate and familiar
seat. With the great government
went many deep secret things
which we too long delayed to look j
into and scrutinize with candid, fear- j
less eyes. The great government we!
loved has too ofter been made use of
for private and selfish purposes, and
those who used it had forgotten the
At last a vision has been vouchsafed
us of our life as a whole. We;
see the bad with the good, the de- j
based and decadent witn tne souna
1 and vital. With this vision we approach
new affairs. Our duty is to
cleanse, to reconsider, to restore, to
correct the evil without impairing the
good, to purify and humanize every ;
process of our common life without i
weakening or sentimentalizing it.1
There has been something crude antf
heartless and unfeeling in our haste to
succeed and be great. Our thought has
been 'Let every man look our. for him-;
Scii, let e?Civ- gc-L;CiLi.iGii looi* out tor |
: Itself,' while we rT.rod ginnr machinery
which made if impossible that any !
j tut those who stood at the levers of
i control should have a chance to look
out lor themselves. We had not/ for- j
gotten our morals. We remembered :
well enough that we had set up a
policy which was meant to serve the
humblest as well as tlie most power- j
ful, with an eye single to the standards
of justice and fair play, and remembered
it with pride. But we were j
very heedless and in a hurry to be ;
tihier items in program.
We have come now to the sober
second thought. The scales of heedlessness
have fallen from our eyes.
We have made up our minds to square j
^rrnrrr nr-nnoco f nil r r> Q tl Afl "> 1 11 f P
OT CiJ JVVVOJ VI. v'Ui
again with the standards we so proud
ly set up at the beginning and have j
always carried at our hearts. Our j
work is a work of restoration.
We have itemised with some degree
Df particularity the things that ought
to be altered and here are some of
the chief items: A tariff which cuts
us off from our proper part in the J
commerce of the world, violates the
just principles of taxation, and makes
the government a raciie instrument in
the hands of private interests; a banking
and currency system based upon
the necessity of the government to
sell its bonds fifty years ago and per- i
fectly adapted to concentrating cash j
and restricting credits; an industrial
system which, take it on all its sides,
financial as well as administrative, j
holds capital in leading strings, re- I
stricts the liberties and limits the op- !
portunities of labor, and exploits with- j
out renewing or conserving the nat- l
ural resources of the country; a body j
of agricultural activities never yet j
given the efficiency of great business j
nr>Hort?>lrinp'<3 nr sprveri as it. should be 1
through the instrumentality of science j
taken directly to the farm, or afforded j
the facilities of credit best suited to ;
its practical needs; water courses un- j
developed, waste places unreclaimed, !
forests untended, fast disappearing !
without plan or prospect of renewal, i
unregarded waste heaps at every mine. |
We have studied as perhaps no other I
natinn has the most effective means ;
of production, but we have not studied
cost or economy as we should either
as organizers of industry, as statesmen,
or as individual?.
Matters of Justice.
Nor have we studied and perfected
the means by which government may
be Dut at the service of humanity, in
safeguarding the health of the nation,
the health of its men and its women
and its children, as well as their rights
in the struggle for existence. This is
no sentimental duty. The firm basis
of government is justice, not pity.
These are matters of justice. There
can be no equality or opportunity, the
first essential of justice in the body I
politic, if men and women and chfl- !
dren be not shielded in their lives, j
their very vitality, from the conse- !
quences of great industrial and social j
processes which they cannot alter,
contiol or singly cope with. Society .
must see to it that it does not itself
crush or weaken or damage its own j
constituent parts. The first duty of !
law is to keep sound the society it ;
serves. Sanitary laws, pure food laws, j
and laws determining conditions of i
labor which individuals are powerless i
to determine for themselves are inti- j
mate parts of the very business of jus-1
tice and legal efficiency.
These are some or tne tnings we :
ought to do, and not leave the others j
undone, the old-fashioned, never-to-be- j
neglected, fundamental safeguarding |
of property and of individual right. ;
This is the high enterprise of the new
day; to lift everything that concerns
our life as a nation to the light that
shines from the hearthfire of every |
man's conscience and vision of the !
?i. _ j 1 UU I
rxgnc. it is mcuuueivauie iuai< ,
should do this as partisans; it is inconceivable
we should do it in ignorance
of the facts as they are or in
blind haste. We shall restore, not destroy.
We shall deal with our economic
system as it Is and as it may
be modified, not as it might be if we
had a clean sheet of paper to write
upon; and step by step we shall make
it what it should be, in the spirit of
those who question their own wisdom
and seek counsel and knowledge, not i
shallow self-satisfaction or tne excite
merit of excursions whither they cannot
tell. Justice, and only justice,
shall always be our motto.
Task Not One of Politics.
And yet it will be no cool process ;
of mere science. The nation has been
deeply stirred, stirred by a solemn |
passion, stirred by the knowledge of J
wrong, of ideals lost, of government i
tnn nffpn riehanphed and made an in- i
strument of evil. The feelings wiili !
which we face this new age of right !
and opportunity sweep across our i
heart-strings like some air out of!
God's owl. presence, where justice and i
mercy are reconciled and the judge
and the brother are one. We know
our task to be no mere task of politics,
but a task which shall search us
through and through, whether we be
able to understand our time and the
need of our people, whether we be indeed
their spokesmen and interpre
ters, whether we have the pure heart
to comprehend and the rectified will
to choose our high course of action.
This is not a day of triumph; it is j
a day of dedication. Hero muster, not,
the .'orces of party, but the forces of i
humanity. Men's hearts wait upon us: j
men's lives hang in tne Daiance; men s ;
hopes call upon us to say what we i
will do. Who shall live up to the i
great trust? Who dares fail to try? J
I summon all honest men, all patriotic,
all forwardlooking men, to my side.
God helping me, I will not fail them,
if they will but counsel and sustain :
Tomato CIul) WorV.
The Farmer's Co-operative Demonstration
Work of the United States d-e- i
partment of agriculture would be in-!
complete unless some work for the !
girls was inaugurated and organized. I
When Dr. S. A. Knapp, the rounder of i
the demonstration work, started the
clubs, he did that it would be nececssary
to start the girls just as soon as
the boy's demonstrations had become
well advanced. Consequently in 1910,
when the demand had become great
enough to indicate sufficient interest, a
limited amount of organization was
undertaken. Girls' clubs were organized
in South Carolina and Virginia. In j
oi M - J
cniiL veai gins were enronea.
It was decided that one-tenth of an
acre would he enough for a good garden,
and that the clubs would specialize,
in the beginning, on tomatoes, just
as the boys had done with corn. In
1911 more than three thousand girls,
~ i. :
representing eigUL umereui ounes
joined the clubs and planted th-eir gardens.
Many of them put up more than
five hundred quarts of tomatoes from
their crops besides ketchup, pickles,
chowchow. preserves and other products.
A few got nearly one thousand cans
each and cleared $100, besides prizes.
In 1912 one girl in South Carolina
cleared $132.67 on one-tenth of an acre
During the planting and growing |
season, your county agent win give instructions
in regard to cold frames,
hot beds, transplanting, staking, pruning,
and other matters of great interest.
During the canning season sh-e
will hold instruction meetings and
give canning demonstrations in different
parts of the county. She will give
the girls information in regard to best j
prices on canning outfits, labels, cans j
and other supplies. The agent will b-e
srlad to do all she can to help club j
members find good markets for all
high class products which they desire
The objects of the Girl's Demonstra- i
tion Work are:
1. To stimulate interest and wholesome
co-operation among th? members
of the family in the house.
2. To provide .-ome means to proTM.ror.
or>/} hpttpr foo/1 at a lower i
? *u\/ yu* Vi ? V/ vwV? ?
cost, and to utilize the surplus and
oth-erwise waste products of the gar-j
den and orchard.
4. To furnish earnest teachers a >
plan for aiding their pupils and help-1
ing their communities.
Each club should adopt the following
general regulation and bylaws:
1. Girls joining clubs must be be-J
tween 10 and 18 years of age. Special
classes may be organized for older;
2. !No girl shall be eligible to receive I
a prize unless she becomes a member
of the club and plants a garden con- |
taining one-tenth of an acre.
3. The members of the clubs must i
agree to study the instructions of the
United States department of agri?ul
4. Each girl must plant her own crop j
and do her own work. ,It will be per-!
missible to hire heavy work done, but i
the time must be charged.
Many girls should join these- clubs \
and put forth their best efforts to learn
and become skillful. It is a good thing
to know about .plants, soil and nature.
Why can't the very flourishing of the
plant be made, by teaching their scien- ;
onH intonciva Trv>f"iind? of briliSrfllg I
UUV/ auu ? v w...?w , - w
a living thing from the earth, as cultural
in its effect upon the mind of the
girl, as the study of Latin and Greek |
gods is supposed to be over the mind
of the classical student?
William Hughes, who will be the j
next United States senator from New !
Jersey, had a hard campaign last fall; J
Woodrow Wilson asked him to accom-J
panv the :rain of the presidential
candidate through New Jersey and
make a few speech-es in the last week !
of the campaign, and Hughes consent- J
ed to do so. though his campaign man- j
agers urged him to stay out on the :
individual business of Hughes and let j
Wilson take care of himself.
Hughes is a good talker and he'
made a hit with the Wilson party, j
However, the correspondents on the |
train devoted all their dispatches to j
onH now-p mentioned Hu?h?-s.!
M 1 1^5 V Li Ci UL U r Vi ? . .
This got on the nerves of the Hughes
managers and they wired protests to
One morning, after a meeting at
which Hughes had made a big speech
and had been eninusiasnccmy icun-i.
ed, Hughes got the papers; but there
was not a line about him. It was all
H-e. gathered the correspondents
about him and said:
"Ijook here boys, let me disabuse
? *?~ ~ * k ; ri or 4-Viof c?if>mc trv 1
your minus ui uuc taut ,
be firmly rooted therein. The fact that [
William Hughes, of Paterson, New |
Jersey, candidate for the Democratic
nomination for United States senator '
is on this train, : "id is making seven |
COM'MlilA, SEWHEKKY & LAIRLNS
Schedule in effect June 4, 1912. Sub- i
ject to change without notice. Sche- j
dules indicated are not guaranteed:
A. C. L 52. 53.
Lv. Charleston .. .. 6.00am 10.38pm;
Lv. Sumter 9.40am 6.55pm
C., N. & L.
L7. Columbia 11.35am 4.55pm j
Lv. Prosperity 1.12am 3.34pm |
Lv. Newberry 1.29pm 3.20pm !
Lv. Clinton 2.30pm 2.35pm I
Lv. Laurens.. .. 2.52pm 2.05pm |
C. & W. C.
Ar. Greenville 4.40pm 12.20pm |
Ar. Spartanburg. .. 4.0*pm 12.20pm j
S. A- L.
Ar. Abbeville 3.55pm 1.02pm
Ar. Greenwood 3.27pm 1.33pm I
Ar. Athe'ns 6.05pm 10.30am
Ar. Atlanta 8.45pm 8.00am
A. C. L. 54. 55.
Lv. Columbia 5.00pm 11.15am
Lv. Prosperity 6.26pm 9.50am
Ly. Newberry 6.44pm 9.32am
Lv. Clinton 7.35pm 8.44am
Lv. Laurens 7.55pm 8.20am
XTn \*r> "1
Lv. Columbia. 8.00am 9.38pm
Lv. Irmo 8.26am 9.12pm
Lv. Chapin 8.57am 8.41pm
Lv. Little Mtn 9.11am 8.27am
Lv. Prosperity 9.30am 8.08pm
Lv. Newberry 9.47am 7.52pm j
Lv. Kinards 10.18am 7.21pm |
Lv. Goldville 10.26am 7.13pm j
Lv. Clinton 10.41am 6.58pm j
Ar. Laurens 11.04am 6.35pm 1
c. & w. c.
Ar. Greenville 9.30pm 7.00am
S. A. L.
Ar. Greenwood .. .. 2.28am 2.38am
Ar. Abbeville 2.56am 2.03am
Ar? Athens 5.04am 11.59pm
Ar. Atlanta 7.15am 9.55pm
Nos. 52 an<l 53 arrive and depart
from Union Station, Columbia, daily,
and run through between Charleston
Nos. 54 and 55 arrive and depart
Gervais street, Columbia, Caiiy except
Sunday, and run through between Columbia
Nos. 50 and 51 arrive and depar.
from Gervais street, Columbia, on Sun
W. J. Craig, P. T. M.,
E. A. Terrer, C. A, Wilmington, N. C,
Columbia. S. C.
ti [ I
I M&rjhe<$e$t Investment!
/ jffl for .your famijv ~
only 4^ a wee*
FOUR CENTS A WEEK
AND PI ENTY FOR A FAMILY OF FIVE
rwiinr*? -m TfTn**#^
IKS IU11H 9
STORIES AND ARTICLES on sports
and athletics for boys and young men.
STORIES AND ARTICLES for men j
and women in active employments; for ,
Mivalic?? anH "shut-ins.
STORIES AND ARTICLES for busy I
mothers and for girls at school and j
Mohody in the family is left out by The j
Companion. There's something for ev- I
-ryuody from the youngest to the oldest, j
4 GREAT SERIAL STORY, j
Iiy Holman F. Day, with the strange title,
" On Misery Gore." Subscribe now and
make sure of this remarkable story.
THE: YOUTH'S COMPANION. Boston. Mass.
SUBSCRIPTIONS RECEIVED AT THIS OFFICE j
or t-ight speeches a day, is Dot a confidential
matter. I herewith release i
you from any obligation you may
have to keep it quiet. I assure you, j
sv-nrlpmem von will violate no confl-:
dence, if you print a, few words each
day to the broad general effect that
Hughes is here, and that he is talking
now and then."?Saturday Even- ;
If speech were actually silver and
silence golden, there are women you
couldn't bribe to exchange a dime for
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y. 9 mi
I its m
. HEN we began
^ijWyVl national Comi
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^ car for counti
safely carry a reasonable 1
and back, and last long
Some of those first c<
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offi^idnt oc tlio mr wp cp
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requiring much light haul
eries; for the business
extend his territory; for t
cut down delivery expec
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national Commercial car:
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through mud-holes and s
where a team can travel
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To you who
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an nwe +A
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