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STICKS TO TARIFF
President Wilson Advises the
inAPiiT nrrn nr nrmnilO
UKiitm Nttu ui- ntrunmd
Chief Executive Says Recent Elections
Laid a Duty Upon the Democratic
Party, Which Must Lighten the Burden
of the People?Says It Would Be
Unwise to Move Forward Headiong
or With Reckless Haste; That Business
Must Be Encouraged, Not Destroyed,
but That Everything That
Has a Semblance of Privilege Must
Be Abolished?Promises Special Message
Dealing With Needed Banking
and Currency Laws.
To the Senate and House of Representatives:
I have called the congress together
in extraordinary session because a
"duty was laid upon the party now in
power at the rei/ent elections which it
ought to perform promptly in order
that the burden carried by the people
under existing law may be lightened
as soon as possible and in order, also,
that the business interests of the country
may uot be kept too lonj? in suspense
as to what the fiscal changes
0 by American Press Association.
are to he to which they will be required
to adjust themselves It is dear
to the whole country that the tariff
duties must be altered They must he
changed to meet the radical alteration (
in the conditions of our economic life
which the country has witnessed with- |
in the last generation While the !
whole face and method of our ir dus- j
trial and commercial life were being
chauged beyond recognition the tariff |
schedules have remained what they j
were before the change began or have j
moved in the direction they were giv- .
en when no iargp circumstance of our
industrial development was what it is
today. Our task is to square them
with the actual facts The sooner that
is done the sooner we shall escape i
from suffering from the facts and the
sooner our men of business will he
free to thrive by the law of nature j
(the nature of fr^e business" instead
of by the law of legislation and arti- i
How Tariff Has Grown.
We have seen tariff legislation wan- !
der very far afield in our day?very far
indeed from the field in which our
prosperity might have had a normal
growth and stimulation. No one who
looks the facts squarely in the face or
knows anything that lies beneath the j
surface of action can fail to perceive :
the principles upon which recent tariff
legislation has been based We long
ago passed beyond the modest notion
of "protecting" the industries of the
country and moved boldly forward to I
the idea that they were entitled to the ;
direct patronage of the government. |
For a long time?a time so Ions that
the men now active in public policy '
hardly remember the conditions that
precceded it?we have sought in our
tariff schedules to give each group of
manufacturers or producer* what they
themselves thought that they needed
in order to maintain a practically ex- i
elusive market as against the rest of
the world. Consciously or unconsciously
we have built up a set of privileges j
and exemptions from competition be-1
hind which it was easy by any. even !
the crudest, forms of combination to
organize monopoly, until at last noth- j
ing is normal, nothing is obliged to
stand the tests of efficiency and economy,
in our world of big business, but
everything thrives by concerted arrangement.
Only new principles of
action will save us from a final hard
crystallization of monopoly and a complete
loss of the influences that quicken
enterprise and keep independent energy
Must Abolish Privilege.
It is plain what those principles must
be. VFe must abolish everything that
bears even the semblance of privilege
or of any kind of artificial advantage
end put our business men and pro
C ii'd's under the .* ??i: of a conslant
necessity to be ? unomical
and enterprising, masters of competitive
supremacy, better workers and
merchants than any in the world.
Aside from the duties laid upon articles
which we do not and probably
cannot produce, therefore, and the
duties laid upon luxuries and merely
for the sake of the revenues they yield,
the object of the tariff duties henceforth
laid must be effective competition.
the whetting of American wits by
! contest with the wits of the rest of the
It would be unwise to move toward
tnis end neaaiong, witn recsjess uasie
! or with strokes that cut at the very
1 roots of what has grown up among
us by long process and at our own invitation.
It does not alter a thing to
| upset it and break it and deprive it of
: a chance to change. It dest^ys it
| We must make changes in our fiscal
laws, in our ' al system, whose obI
ject is develops .it, a more free and
wholesome development, not revolution
! or unset or confusion. We must build
up trade, especially foreign trade. We
ueed the outlet aud the enlarged field
! of energy more than we ever did be,
fore. We must build up industry as
S well and must adopt freedom in the
J place of artificial stimulation only so
far as it will build, not pull down. In
dealing with the tariff the method by
which this may be done wii) be a matI
ler ux juujjiueuu caci i;iocu hcuj vj
| item. To some not accustomed to the
excitements and responsibilities of
greater freedom our methods may in
some respects and at some points seem
heroic, but remedies may be heroic
! and yet be remedies. It is our btisi!
l ness to make sure that they are genuine
remedies. Our object is clear. If
j our motive is above just challenge
and only an occasional error of judg;
ment is chargeable against us we shall
; be fortunate.
Thorouah. but Moderate.
We are called upon to render the
country a great service iD more matj
ters than one. Our responsibility
! should be met, and our methods should
be thorough, as thorough as moderate
and well considered, based upon the
i facts as thev are. and not worked out
as if we were beginners. We are to
deal with the facts of our own day.
with the facts of no other, and to make
laws which square with those facts.
It is best?indeed, it is necessary?to
begin with the tariff. I will urge nothing
upon you now at the opening of
j your session which can obscure that
first object or divert our energies from
that clearly defined duty. At a later
time I may take the liberty of calling
your attention to reforms which should
press close upon the heels of the tariff
changes, if not accompany them, of
which the chief is the reform of our
banking and currency laws, but just
now J refrain. For the present I put
these matters on one side and think
only of this one thing?of the changes
in our fiscal system which may best
serve to open once more the free channels
of prosperity to a great people
whom we would serve to the utmost
and throughout both rank and file.
WOO I mow WILSON.
The White House. April 8. 1013.
INTEREST IN THE SESSION.
Fop the First Time In Many Years
Elements in the extra session of congress
are unusual. President Wilson
has called the great body together at a
time when his party has absolute control
of every branci" of the government
relating to legislation.
This has not been the case before in
twenty years. During that period of
long ago when the Democrats were in
power President Cleveland called an
extra session, but the conditions were
vastly different from now.
The extra session under President
Wilson is remarkable because the lawmakers
to a iarge extent are men of
comparatively recent rise to prominence.
Because of the fact that the
Democratic party is providing a change
from Republican rule for the first time
in sixteen years great Interest is centered
upon th* doings of congress.
Virtually a Dew generation or legislators
has sprung up. With but a very
few exceptions there are no men who
figured in congressional doings of
twenty years ago who are sharing the
responsibilities of the body now.
Of only one thing has the public been
absolutely certain, and that is that the
tariff would be first and foremost
among the subjects for work by the
~ i 3
legislators, and that revision aownwaru
would be the purpose. The legislators
themselves have nor. known just how
the revision is to be managed, and it
has been well understood that they
would not all be pleased over all
the details of the ultimate changes.
The subject has been thrashed over so
often and earnestly that its intricacies
have become feared.
The ways and means committee,
which has had the task of drafting the
tentative form of the new tariff measure,
has been unable to announce completion
of its work in advance of the
extra session, but the probability is
I that the measure will be taken up
: schedule by schedule.
The public has beeu led to expect
! that after the tariff is disposed of conI
gress will consider currency, the ini
come tax, Philippine independence and
the Panama tolls questions.
Much publicity has been given to the
i proposed national income tax. The tax
will probably apply only to incomes of
| over ?5,000 annually. Certain members
of congress hold that this sort of levy
: would be confined to but a comparatively
small proportion of the public
and that the revenue would not be sufficient.
They argue that an inheritance
tax should be added to insure the needi
T.RA<;?:I>Y AT w:.ij;
Pistol Hattle i" Basement of Dry
(toods Store.?Two Hov> Dead,
Greenville, April 6.?Upon break
I ing into the basement 01 a iasnionaoie
j dry goods store, shortly after ?> o'clock
| this morning, Leonard Smith, 17
I years old, son of a prominent and
wealthy family, and his 20-year-old
companion, Rowley Martin, engaged
in a pistol battle with three police
men, who had concealed themsulves
in the store in anticipation of a burglary,
with the result that the young
men were shot to death and one of
the policemen severely wounded.
With five bullets in his body and a
wound through his heart, young Smith
ran up a flight of stairs to the second
floor, where two employees of the firm
had stationed themselves in waiting.
He was met at the top st-ep by one of
the clerks, who shouted to him not to
fire again, and passing on by, tearr."
a mask from his face with one hand
and gripping his pistol with the other
sank to the fxoor and expired.
Martn ran to the rear of bjseI
ment, with a bullet hole chro'jgli his
head and another in his hand, and coni
cealed himself in a closet A policoi
man followed ^osely up^p hi?n and
pulled him out", at he r-a time tarring
a mask from the lad's face. Mar!
tin was placed in the police ambulance
i and rushed to the city hospital, where
i he expired two hours later.
News of the terrible tragedy spread
I quickly even at that dead hour of the
i night, and Has created a profound sensation
throughout the city .
At noon in the county court house,
in the presenc-e of a thousand or more
citizens of all ranks, the coroner conducted
a dual inquest into the killing.
The two juries returned verdicts asserting
that Leonard Smith and,. Rowj
ley Martin came to their death from
i pistol-shot wounds at the hands of
I Policemen H. C. Alexander,A .M. Blair
| and J. A. Mayfield.
Chief of Police J. E. Holcombe was
then deputized to take the officers into
custody until tomorrow, when their
I commitments will be issued by the cororner.
At the same time application
for bail for the three policfmen will be
made before Judge S. W. G. Shipp, who
convenes the spring term of court
i of common pleas for Greenville coun|
ty tomorrow morning.
The inquest was the most dramatic
ever held in this count}'. The father of
young Smith, overwhelmed with grief
and dumbfounded at the tragic occur
rencf, appeared at the inquest and
coducted the examination of the varij
oi's witnesses. City Solicitor B. F.
Martin questioned the witness, s on the
part of the city. The testimony did not
; develop any mysteries, but was plain
! and to the point.
The policemen testified that members
1 of the firm of Hobbs-Henderson notii
fied them a week ago that their store
j was being robbed. Young Smith was
j employed by the firm until a short
j while ago. and, the witnesses stated,
I suspicion pointed to him. For five
I nights one of the policemen concealed
I ViifYioolf in tVio hacpmpnt nf thp stnrp
J 11X AAA 111 w.os/ WW* V J
he said, and each night observed a
! party or parties come to the rear windows
of the basement and flash a pocket
Last night, he testified, three policej
men were stationed in the basement
! shortly before midnight. It had been
i planned to have two members of the
! firm stationed on the second floor of
i the store, in charge of the switch gov|
erning the electric lighting system.
< The three policemen concealed them|
selves behind a counter in the base
' m-ent and waited.
Saw Lantern Hashed.
j At five minutes after 3 o'clock, the
I testimony ran, the policemen observed
j a pocket lantern being flashed on the
I outside of the rear basement windows,
j They waited and presently an arm was
slipped through a broken glass, and
i the padlock holding down the sash un
There was a slight commotion as th?
boys slipped through the window and
; into the basement. As soon as they
had entered, the witnesses testified, the
bovs placed masks over their faces.
i took out their pistols and hold the-n in
shooting position, and flashing th ir
pocket lanterns, advanced toward the
j staircase leading to the s cond floor,
i As they drew opposite the counter bei
hind which the policeman were con"*
'* a ^ a1/1 ooirl TVi1.
C6cil6Q, 1'UIlCt^illclii A>iaj nciu, ocuu
j nesses, arose and called to the boys,
i "Hold up your hands, boys."
Wthout answering the challenge, it
I was testified, the boys opened fire first
I Thev fired two shots, it was testified,
j and then the three policemen, realizing
| th-eir danger, opened fir>\ A total oi
j fiften shots was fired. An examination
I of the revolvers showed that young
j Smith had fired once. Martin twice and
j the policeman twelve times to?- ther.
| During The shooting the clerks up!
stairs, hearing the terrible commotion,
j throw the el .ctrc switch and the darl>
j basement was flood d with light.
Please look over tl
are selling c
I Well Pulleys
Wire and Cut Nails
Horse and Mule Shoes
I Plow Points?all kinds and
Also have just
work shirts, shoes
ed for by E. A. Gr
I sell at a bargain.
We beg to call 3
rows. WE HAVI
Be sure to see
John Deer Ni
J. T. MAI
Pains in tlie Stomacli.
Tf you continually complain of pains
in the stomach, your liver or your
! kidneys are out of order. Neglect may
! lead to dropsy, kidnev trouble, diai
betes or Bright's disease. Thousands
! recommend Electric Bitters as the
| very best stomach and kidney medicine
made. H. T. Alston, of Raleigh,
N. C., who suffered with pain in the
stomach and back, writes: "My kidneys
were deranged and my liver did
?->< % + ^ *>10-1-1+ T o 11 ff -Yiimli Vint
iiVL >y U1 rv jl ouuv1v/u uiuvm, wuv
Electric Bitters was recommended
| and I improved from the first dose. I
now feel like a new man." It will
improve you, too. Only 50c and $1.00
Recommended by all druggists.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
By C. C. Schumpert, Esquire, Probate
WHEREAS, W. L. Schumpert hath
made suit to me, to grant him letters
of administration of the estate of and
effects of J. J. Schumpert,
THESE ARE THEREFORE to cite
and admonish all and Singular the kindred
and creditors of the said J. J.
Schumpert, deceased, that they be and
appear before me, in the Court of Probate,
to be held at Newberry, S. C., cn
Aoril 17, next after publication, at 11
o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, j
if any they have, why the said admin- j
istration should not be granted.
GIVEN under my hand, this 2nd
day of April, Anno Domini, 1913.
C. C. Schumpert,
t t> v r !
?J J. . . v/. I
3IKUCWNTIU; STOCK FOR SALE, j .
By virtue of the authority given, me; fl
i in a d- ed of assignment from Wiliiam t
| P. Alltn, and under the authority of j
a resolution passed at a meeting of j
I the creditors of the said William P. I
'Allen, 011 April 2, 1H13. I will sell at I
! Chappells. S. C., on Monday, the 21st |
i day of April, 1913, at 10 o'clock a. m., j I
: the mercantile stock and fixtures of | 1
! the said William P. Allen, situate in
' the store room, recently occupied by
r the said William P. Allen, the same
to be sold to highest bidder for cash.
The stock of goods iventories $t>75.86,
r'and fix tunes $150.75. The said inj
ventory may be seen by calling on the
; undersigned at his office at Xew'oerry,
.' S. C.
Eug- ne S. Blease.
Assignee ad Agent of Creditors,
j 4-4-3t-ltaw. j?
^ liof rtf /VAA/I
1C lUUUWlllg 1191. U1 guvu
lirt cheap during this it
Cloth and Leather <
Dixie Boy Points
prices Curry Combs
received a fresh line
and homespuns, origins
iffin & Company, wh
11 * * * A. _
rour attention again to
i planters, middle buste
? A FEW MORE LEF1
i our John Deer Cultivators, also
umber 80 Cotton and Corn Pla
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