Newspaper Page Text
8 22i 1
How Errors "Get Past,"
The National Magazine tells of a
London publisher who once set out to
publish at least one book that should
be faultless in the matter of errara.
Ke had his own proofreaders go over
and over the proofs, with the greatest
care, until they had exhausted
their skill and patience and had assured
him there were no long-er any
errors to be eliminated. Then, taking
duplicate proofs of the last issue, he
eent tfctm to the universities and other
large publishing houses, offering large
money prizes for each error discovered.
A few .errors only were found,
and after one had had a chance to see
if any others had been overlooked,
the plates were made, the book was
ovnancivpiv hound and put
V1 iXLb'&VA; ? _
upon the market as an absolutely perfect
product and unique in all literature
from a mechanical standpoint.
For a long tome this was conceded, but
. six or eight months after its publication
a letter came to the publisher
calling attention to an error in a certain
line and page. Later a 6econd
"was discovered, ana oeiur it J cai i
had elapsed four or five errors had
The incident is illuminatinglv interesting
as showing the difficulty
amounting to practical impossibility
of turning out a perfect volume even
when and where maximum skill and
thoroughness are available is a consideration.
And yet the name is le
gion of people wno proiess luiauim.' *
to understand why the daily newspaper,
for the production of which, from
the gathering of the first item of news
to the coming of the completed product
from the puess, only a few hours
at best are available, does not reach
them .every morning or afternoon
practically perfect in make-up, mechanical
execution and in the handling
of subject matter. "Sweet ressonablenese"
is by no means the distinguishing
characteristico f the average
What Do We Know of Others?
Charleston Sunday News.
It is not until we know what temptation
is that we are in position to
pass judgment upon those who yield,
and it is not until we ourselves have
committed something for which we
blush that we can truly sympathize
with the frailties of our brethren in
Bin. vWe who sit back in our unassail
.m w d
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ands or i a
Pair of Sh
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di uaiu VYU jLut i
ces from our Co
js fine Gingham
and lots of othe
iber the Da
ed righteousness d-eem ourselves ;
worthy to pass upon the sins of i
others; yet our very assumed ;
superiority makes it impossible for us ;
to evenly balance the scales. What
do we know of the temptations of
those whom we would judge, or of the
circumstances of their fall from grace,
we who do not know what it means ,
to be tempted? How can we make allowance
for conditicns and inherent
weaknesses, we who have been protected
all our lives from the influences
of evil? We cannot understand these
things until we, too, have passed un~
^ " ? I
der the yoke and have learned ior ourselves
something of the need of tolerance
both for ourselv-es and for others.
MAY WALK BACKWARD.
Surgeon Says Women's Toes Are Becoming
A modishly dressed woman walking
backward need cause no surprise a [
few years hence. Sh? may simply have
lived so closely in style that she has
developed the "new heel," situated
where her toes ought to be.
The discovery of the new heel is that
of Dr. Max Strunsky, of New York. He
blames it entirely on high-heeled
shoes and finds women would rather
continue to suffer with it than to use
common-sense shoes, which make the
foot look large.
"The eanirior arches become prominent
and bulge and are covered with
callouses,he reports after his exam-1
inations of the latest freak. "Xot only 1
do the arches perform, under pressure j
Vv.ton fho fnnr>tir>n I
01 tue 21UU.1 tiUliCIx uuiuvii) wt, i
of heels, but they acquire all The char-1
acteristics and every semblance of
Doctor Strunsky says women with
foot complaint are found almost invariably
to have trouble with the anterior
arch. He finds the shoes throw the
weight of the body exactly where
weight was never intended to go.
"The heel is the strongest part of
the foot and is constituted to carry
the main bodily weight," he writes.
"Th-e high-heeled shoes which women
wear, however, practically compel
them to walk on the heels of their
metartarsals. Thus every time they
take a step they jam the m-etartarsal
heads on the ground.
/'"T" "* ^ A T"1
I "?iign-neeiea suues mc anterior
arches to assume the function
of weight-carrying structures or heels.
irds of Dre
oes and O:
s at yard
?r specials will I
te and Pla
E. M. Eve
Metartarsal walking increases the
size and strength of the anterior,
arches and changes their flexibility
and -elasticity, essential to a normal
gait, to rigidity."?Chicago Tribune.
A REVOLUTIONARY HERO.
Captain 3Ingford Ran the British
Blockade and Captured Powder
Had Great Britian made peace with
ish army had been driven from oBsish
army had been driven from Bos,
"" " ** J J Vrv o r\ATMl.
ton James Mugiora wouiu uc a.
Iar hero today. But Great Britain continued
the war for eight long years,
and so many heroes were made that
the name of James Mugford, "the
world forgetting, and by the world
forgot," was lost.
(Mugford died 137 years ago today
in an insignificant fight that the largest
histories barely record now. He
and his 27 companions were attacked
by 200 British marines. They fought
most all night, and the British were
whipped, but the gallant captain, was
killed by a pike thrust.
The British under General Gage
? .i-j -vroT-Ah 177fi The
evacuated dusluu, m
British fleet remained behind in Boston
to blockade the port. General
Washington hurried to New York with
the main Colonial army to dispute the
proposed British landing there, General
Artemas Ward was left in command
of a pretty sizable American
army around Boston; but Washington
had taken all the powder and most
r\f thp o-nns.
The Americans were at the mercy of
the British ships, only the British
didn't know it. General Ward zealously
guarded the fact that his powder
supply was nil; and planned to fill
his magazines at the invader's expense.
Accordingly two small ships, the
schooners Hancock and Franklin,
were outfitted and ordered to sea for
the purpose of capturing a supply
ship. Captain Samuel Tucker commnnripd
the Hancock, James Mug
ford, a citizen of Marblehead, Mass.,
was appointed master of the Franklin.
His vessel carried a crew of 21, inclr.d'.ti.;
On May 7, Captain Tucker captur
i 1.1 ^
ed two brigs laden witn vaiuauie supplies;
brt no powd-er. He took his
prizes to Lynn. General Ward communicated
with Captain Mugford and
jss Stuffs a
xfords at 1
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or yaras or i
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MBUMBBMI?innwi i ?
ins & Co.
| explained to him the desperate straps
the army v?as fronting.
"I'll get some powder," said the
short-spoken Marblehead. And he did.
Tne British ship Hope, carrying
war munitions for the British, was
due. It had powder for the fleet.
Captain Mugford heard of its expected
arrival and put to sea.
Almost within sight of the British
flest he met the Hope and captured it.
But how to land the prize? He didn't
have men enough to take it to Lynn |
or any other port very distant. The
rBitish fleet lay between him and the
American army in Boston.
Captain Mugford ihoose to run the
British blockade and fight the whole
fleet of a dozen ships or more, if necessary.
He put a few of his best men
aboard the Hope and made the British
crew sail it. Then, in the Franklin, he
arrogantly sailed toward the British
fleet and dropped a tew cannon balls
| The British were astounded. What
I could this crazy skipper mean by at
tacking a fleet with one dinky little
schooner? They w<mld teach him a
lesson. The whole fleet maneuvered
round to blow the Franklin off the
bay. Meanwhile the Hope sneaked in
the harbor, and then Captain Mug
ford outsailed the British fleet and got
in himself. In the hold of the Hope
the Americans found 75 tons of powder
and other war stores needed just
then mere than men or gold. Mugford
had made good his word.
J Very naturally the British were rni
srry. The admiral issued an order
tiat James iMugford was to he captured
by any hook or crook and
' promptly killed. Somebody told Cap- i
tain Mugford about the order.
! "Oh, piffle!" he said, or something!
like that. "I'll run by his derned old
fleet every day in the week and twice
on Sunday if I want."
The Sunday following, May 19,
I77fi pnntflin Mnsrford. in the Frank
( lin, witli 21 men, and Captain Cun,
ningham, in the privateer Lady "Wash:
ington, a vessel carrying seven men
'and a few small swivel guns, started
' to puncture the British blockade
j again. They would have succeeded,
T?i.QnVli'ri trrnnnrtprl \ flotilla I
u U't r i auuxiu w ?
of small boats from the fleet, carry- j
ing 200 well-armed m-en, started for j
the attack. Captain Cunningham re- |
fused to leave his companion, so both j
,he and Captain Mugford prepared for
t Cost and
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jcauuiui ijiiiui \
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14, next d<
It was a fiercely fought contest and
lasted the better part of the night. On
May 20 General Ward made the fol-'
lowing report of the engagement:
"Captain Mugford was very fiercely i
attacked by 12 or 13 boats full of men, I
but h:- and his men exerted themselves j
with remarkable bravery, beat off the
eremy, sunk several of their boats
and killed a number of their men; it
is supposed th?v lost 60 or 70. The intrepid
Captain CVIugf^rd fell a little before
the enemy left his schooner. He
wrs run through with a lance while
he was cutting off the -ands of the
pirates as they were attempting to
board him, and it is said that with his
own hands he cut off five pairs of I
" - -i ?? I
theirs. No other man was Kinea 01
wounded on the Franklin.?Kansas
They Chew Cordite.
One of the troubles of most European
armies is that those soldiers
who can get hold of it insist on using
"* *" - *- ~ ^ ?-rO/-?c.?T7o cnrriHp as if
iriai. ieniuic TApiusnv
it were a sort of chewing gum.
Its popularity it due to the fact that
when chewed in small quantities It
has a stimulating and exhilarating effect,
like small doses of alcohol. Its
taste, too, is sweet, cordite being
three-fifths nitro-glycerine, an explosive
which is sugar to the taste.
When chewed in large quantities |
pnr.iite becomes more powerful in its j
effects, t ringing on a blissful state of j
ecstasy, and sometimes making the
victim of the hati* see visions. Bat
th- real danger of the habit lies in the
factt hat though ritroglycerine will
only explode. when given a very hard
blow or touched by an electric spark,
ibere is always a possibility that the
grinding of exceptionally hard teeth
might provide the necessary hard
blow. Within the last few years, at
least three soldiers?two German and
one Austrian?have \)een blown to
bits, the use of cordite as a chewing
gum being the suspected cause.?
Strange Uses for Gold.
Curious and interesting facts regarding
India's passion for gold, and
^ 4-Ti /-v not' rra C
the strange uses 10 wmcu Lnc uauivw |
put the precious metal, are contained
in a report issued by the great |
bullion merchants, Messrs. Samuel
Montagu & Co. After mentioning the
fact that last year India imported
gold bars worth 47,135,000, pds as well
>idery at I
as 18,342,000 pds, in sovereigns,
Messrs. Montagu state that,.as a contrast
to the savings of France, which,
are utilized to promote trade, those cf
India are buried or hoarded. "At present
nearly all the gold dug from the
earth in South Africa is by a fresh
digging operation deposited again benea;h
:he soil in South Asia.
In India, gold is put to uses runusiial
among nations of the west. Consumption
of gold does not imply in E; gr
land the actual swallowing of extremely
thin gold leaves for medicinal p.i:poses,
though it is so taken in parts c?
India. A frequent form of pliety is to
regild the domes of religious buildings:
such operations can easily absorb
10,000 pds., or more. Sovereigns
with a shield on the obverse are in
constant request. A rajah of rococo
tastes imported scne thousands to
form a center to each minute pane
in the windows or his palace.
India occupies the position of a creditor
nation on an immense scale, a
fact which renders the size of its gold
imports a matter of primary, importance
to the rest of the world. It
seems assured that those imports last
year were not only a fresh record; but
will attain a total not less han 25 per
cent of the world's output. This total,
it is stated, is owing to the uninterrupted
prosperity of the country, folloinwg
a succession of good monsoons.
Clock >Tifliont a Spring.
r A unique timepiece has recently
invented by Eugene Walzer, a
watchmaker in L:>s Angeles. Four
years of work has perfected a clock
which keeps accurate time but is
without a spring in its make-up.
The motive power is gained by the
* ?? wcenilQf.
clock roiling qowb an
ed by a wonderful arrangement of
weights on the inside of .the clock.
There is no winding to be done, but
(every thirty days the clock is lifted
to the top of the incline and begins
to slide downward.
The dial does not revolve with the
case, but remains as an ordinary dial
with the figure 12 at the top. The incline
is of polished wood, sixteen
inches long with an 8 1-3 per cent
| grade. There is no relation between
- -- ' ? s_ ?i-.
the wood and tne ciock; it is simpij
a mattery of properly adjusted weights
which move the hands and control
the downward motion of the timepiece.?The