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The Herald and News
VOLUME LI., XCMBER 48. NEWBERRY, S. C., TUESDAY, JUNE 17, 1913. TWICE A WEEK, ?LM A YEAH.
IN THE CAPITAL
BEET SUGAR INTERESTS ARE
Oxnard, One of Prominent Men, Admits
Spending $20,000 a Year
Washington, June 14.?Henry T. j
Oxnard, the millionaire vice president!
nf rhp America^ Bee: Sugar company !
testified today before the senate lobby |
committee that he estimated he 'had ;
spent on an average of $20,000 a year j
in Washington for the last 23 years in j
- 1 1 ^ -1 onoror lnHllCTTV
'Otnaii ui me ucci. .
He declared not a cent had been
spent illegally. Each year when he
was at his home in Washington, he j
declared, he came to the capitol to
watch legislation and see his friends
among the senators.
Senator Reed demanded tha: the
-n'i+nrcc *Hvp thp name of senators who
?? oA ~ ~
were his friends.
"Most all the senators," replied Mr.
"You need not include me in that
1 * x " j - -T ^ C1 Arv n f At* T? DoH
IlSt, eu ocuaivi
"Well, I call Senator Overman one
of my friends and Senator Cummins,
there, and I ; ~>'t know so much about
Senator Nelson," said the witness.
Senator Overman promptly asked
" ? ./% T- - ^ ? j AtfA*? A/^ HT^ATI I
Mr. uxnara ir nc n<tu oci v^an^u ui/wii |
'him at his office or house, or if he had ;
ever attended Mr. Oxnard's entertainments.
Mr. Oxnard replied in the negative.
The committee adjourned until Monday
without finishing the examination.
Mr. Cxnard informed the committee
that "Havemeyer or some other
person connected with the sugar
trust," informed him that the sugar
trust spent $750,000 in the Cuban re- 1
ciprocity fight. Mr. Oxnard suggested
some of it may have been spent 011
Ansel Wold, the senate printing
clerk, testified about the orders for i
printing "Sugar at a GUnce," an an-|
ti-free sugar document prepared by j
Truman (i. Faimer, representing ueec i
sugar interested and circulated free un- j
der the franking privilege of Senator
Lodge. The committee has developed j
testimony on whether Palmer was j
permitted to change the document af^
ter the senate had ordered it printed. J
Turning to Senator Overman. Wold
^ rpfprrpd tn a nrevious conversation
about the incident and added: "I. tett
you then somebody had been monkeying
with orders here and I still think
FIRST HEAT WAYE
With Country Sweltering There is
Va lift ic.iflnt V t\ r> CriPO/Ix* Pd.
-IV I A VI UJ?V vuj J?vlief.
Washington, June 15.?Practically
the entire country sweltered today
under the first real hot wave of the
season, and tonight the weather bureau
experts held out no hope for
cooler weather within the next 48
Omaha, Neb., and St. Joseph, *Mo.,
were the hottest cities in the United <
-States today, with the mercury hover- i
ing around 96 degrees. Chicago ran
a close second, with the thermometer
registering 94. i
Washington suffered its hottest day 1
of the s-eason and one heat stroke occurred.
The maximum temperature
at the weather bureau today was 92,
but the government's thermometer l
registered 100 degrees. ]
Rpv. J. Th Rnwles in fitv.
Greenwood Journal, 13th.
The Rev. J. D Bowles, of Corona- .
ca, was in Greenwood today. This (
is the first time that he has been able i
to be ou.t in five weeks having been
confined to his home by sickness. Mr.
Bowles is SI years old. He is a i
Lutheran minister and has been engaged
in the work of the ministry
for fifty-one years. Mr. Bowles' 1
many friends are glad to see him up j ]
again and hope for his speedy restor- <
ation to health.
Satisfying the Customer. 1
"I found a fly in the cake I bought. (
here the other day."
"^ring it back, madam, and we will 1 '
give you a raisin for it."?Journal 1
Xo one can wire-pull himself to j;
success un the. farm.
EDITOR INDICTED FOR
AX INCENDIARY ARTICLE
l nited States Court Deals ?Vith Writer
of Article Headed "Blease
Ought to be Shot."
Special to The Herald and News.
Columbia, June 10.?The following
letter is self-explanatory:
Department of Justice.
United States Attorney.
Eastern District of North Carolina.
June 12, 1913. j
Hon. Cole L. Blease, Governor, Columbia,
South Carolina. Dear Sir: ?
You are advised that - on complaint
from your office to the post office department,
I have prepared and s- nt
and the grand iury have returned a
true bil of indictment against
W. 0. Saunders, of Elizabe
:li City, for publishing and
mailing "The Down Homer" containing
an article headed "Cole. L. Blease
W U^Il L tu wt uuut.
This indictment has been transferred
to Elizabeth City for trial at October
term, 1913. It will not be necessary
for you to be present at the
tr.al, but this is written for your information.
(Signed) H. F. Sea well,
Unit-ed States Attorney.
me pilDllCauon ill quesuuu w aa
sent by the governor's secretary to
the chief post office inspector during
the past February.
PRAISE FOB COL. AULL
AS COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT
Six New School Buildings Built or
Now Building Under His
The reporter was sick last week
and missed the following, which he
would like to s-ee in The Herald and
The Southern School News of Col
umbia in its June issue, says:
"The Newberry county schoois have
made steady progress under the
s-trong supervision of Col. E. H.
Aull. Unusual progress has been
made in building schoolhouses and
equipping them and in refurnishing
/-ii'i v./->iicqo At loact civ np\v hnild
U1U UUUOVO. AVUV?, --.v, ~ ?
ings have recently been completed, or
else are in course of construction.
Pomaria's ntw building will cost $4,000;
that at Chappells $6,000; the new
building at Whitmire will cost $4,000,
Jolly Street has a substantial
brick building. A four-mill special
tax has been levied at Zion, and a
new room has been added to the
building. The mill tax. Elections
have recently been held in four other
districts on special tax.
It is doubtful that any superintendent
in South Carolina has accomplished
more in such a short time.
It will be recalled that Col. Aull was
appointed by the State board of education
to succeed Superintendent
Wheeler, who resigned to accept tne
position at the head of the Prosperity
school. Superintendent Aull is a
man of affairs, and has had wide experience
in public life. He edits one
of the best papers in the State; he
is a member of the board of regents
f the State hospital for the insane,
and has had much to do with arranging
for funds for the new buildings,
which are being erected near
Columbia, and also in purchasing a
two thousand acre form which will
be the future seat of this institution.
Col. Aull is not a member of the
board of regents, but is clerk of the
He is neither a member of the
board of regents nor clerk of the
board, but secretary of the State Hos
pital commission charged witn me >
levelopment of the new asylum.
Is Judge Watts Dark Horse?
Anderson, June 13.?Th? Intelligencer
It is learned that Jusiice R. C.
Watts, of Cheraw, is the "dark J
horse" mentioned in some of the papers
as a possible candidate for gov5rnor
While Justice Watts has made no
statement the Intelligencer learns
:hat he is considering making the
campaign in the race, rhat will take 1
place this summer one year. Men !
:lose to the supreme court justice
lave stated that he will positively be
c J.: ~ 1
in die race, out no cuiiiiimauuii ui I
that statement can be had at rliis J
A BIG DAY FOR THE
POMARIA COMMUNITY |
COMPLETION OF NEW SCHOOL
People Greatly Interested?Improvement
That was a fine educational rally at
Pomaria on last Friday in honor of
the completion of :he nnv brick school j
house in that district. The right i
spirit pervaded the entire audience, j
It was the school spirit. The community
spirit. The school building
i was not quite completed 'b it the audiUorium
was ready for use and the ex
1 ercises were held.
There was a good attendance and
the inter st manifested shewed thai
I the people appreciated the advance
step that had teen taken by the com- J
I munity. !
The building is a duplicate of the '
j building at Silversrre t. The trus-;
iiees secured two and one half acres!
of land on an eminence from which
lb ci II Jit; >icv\ ui me ounuuiiuiiig ?
! country. Little Mountain looms up j
in the distance and in fact from the !
auditorium in any direct: on you turn
your vision you are reminded of mountain
scenes. A well of fine water has
been put on the property and every
other convenience- arranged for a
The trustees have elected Mr. W.
A Reiser, a recent graduate of eXw
of the old Bethel academy, at the time,
next term and Miss Lucy Ligon as assistant.
Miss Ligon taught the school j
a year ago and gave general satisfaction.
The district 'has voted a
four mill tax for maintenance and will
run an eight months school.
The ladies met after the dinner on
Frirlav and "organized an iir.prov?
ment association and have gone immediately
to work to purchase a
piano. Everything looks encouraging
at Pomaria. Th-ere are no kickers
and every one is deeply interested in
the success of the school and it will
be a niatter of a short rime until it
will be necessary to enlarge the building
and put in a high school.
State Superintendent J. E. Swejying"n
had expected to be present but
on account of a meeting in Charleston
could not come. He was represented
by Mr. W. H. Stoddard who
came and made an excellent talk to
County Superintendent of Education
E. H. Aull presided and presented
the speakers. Mr. Aull congratulated
the people on the interest they
were taking in the education of their
nhilriren and ^ave a brief resume of
I the movement which has led up to
and culminated in the handsome
building which is now completed. He
admonished them, however, that a
building of itself did not constitute a
Dr. E. Pendleton Jones, pastor of
ithe First Baptist church of Newberry,
was the first speaker. He made a
strong address and pointed out in
forcible and telling language the necessity
for the trained mind and the
obligation resting upon the people of
the rural districts to furnish the necessE.ry
school facilities for their children
so that the parerts who wanted
to educate their children would not
feel the necessity of moving to town
to do nothing but to educate their
children. Dr. Jones paid a tribute
to the work done by the county superintendent
of -education of Newberry
county and said that "he had
been up and down the State a good
deal since he had moved to South
Carolina and that his observation was
that more constructive work had
ueen done for the schools of Newberry
county than any county in the S'ate.
The next speaker was Prof. J. B.
A'Vooll T-Tnllmvci v wcic 3 nativo nf
? 1 vui'l i j. w ? ?v " iaj . xxv' " i*u i* iiuvi ? v vt.
Pomaria and at one time was a pupil
of the old Bethel academy, at the time
one of the best schoDls of -the county.
Mr. Hollo way made a fine talk,
dealing largely in reminiscence. He
paid a beautiful tribute to Prof. D.
B. Busby, who had a1 one time taught
the school at Pomaria and who was
especially invited to be present last
Friday but who wrote saying he regretted
his inability to attend.
Interesting and appropriate talks
were also made by Prof. S. J. Derrick
of Xewberry college and Rev.
John J. Long pastor of the church at |
Little Mountain, and Mr. Reiser, the
There was no formal program. It
was just an educational rally to
which every body was invit-ed. the
purpose being to keep alive school
md communitv ir?terec*
Al'or I11G Spe.'tKlli;, tut; ^uuu lauica
of the community C:irnished an elegant
and abundant picnic dinner
which was greatly enjoyed by all pre- J
>Miss Elizabeth Hawkins, rural
school supervisor for t'he county, was
present, and, as slated above, organized
a school improvement association
and from the interest taken by the
laoies it is cenam mai si<-<n touhb
will flow from this organization.
Altogether it was a great day for
Pomaria and marks a new epech in
tlie history of the community.
The building was erected by Mr.:
W. T. Livingston, contractor, who has i
clone a fine job.
"HATTER IS IMPORTANT*
SAYS PRESIDENT WILSON
Replies to Letter From Governor
RLase in Reference to Federal
Special to The Herald and Xews.
Columbia, June 16.?Gov. Blease S
1 .1 c T1 ? ? ^ I
j :ias received iium ricsmcut wnouu
the following 1-tter irNrr^^* to the
le'ter by the governor asking the pres|
ident to order stopped the issue of
revenue licenses in this State to those
violating the iSate liquor laws:
The White House
June 12. 1913.
My Dear Governor Blease: The matter
to which you call my attention
in your letter of July ninth is most
important. I shall with pleasure
take it up at once with the proper
officials here, and shall request that
they advise me in the, matter immed
(Signed) Woodrow Wilson.
Hen. C. L. Blease,
Columbia, South Carolina.
OFFERED GOOD SOI
FOR FEDERAL JOB
Ciilifornian Promised to Give Senn^?1
AAA l\ii* flrttiincr
lur Hl/lfts ipi^wvu lui uviuug
Him Government JoI>.
Santa Barbara, Cala., June 14.?C.
E. Ercz.nbrach was arrested today on
a federal indictment charging him
with ar. attempt to bribe United States
Senator John D. Works. Ercanbrac'ii
v/anted the appointment of postmaster
herp and ic alleeed to have
written a letter to Senator Works
offering $1,000 if the appointment was
procured for him.
Ercanbrach's 1-etter was turned over
to the department of justice at Washington
by Senator Works.
Ercanbrach is a carpenter, who is
considered fairly well to do. He admitted
he had written to Senator
Works and added:
"But I didn't know it was a crime
to offe:- to pay a congressman for getting
a political job. I thought that
was common practice."
In his letter Ercanbrach gave banking
rpfprpnrps as tn his rpsnnnsihilitv. I
He was taken to Los Angeles tonight
Dr. Hallman Takes First Vacation in
Spartanburg Journal, 14th.
Dr. S. T. Hallman, pasior of the
Lutheran church here, will leave for
the first vacation he has taken in
forty-five years on next Tuesday, when
'he goes to Mr. Airy, Ga., for about
ten days stay. He has never felt
that he was willing to neglect his
church and pastoral duties long
enough to take a vacation before, but
owing to a recent illness he has been
urged by the members of his congregation
tn rake a rest, and has finally
consented. He has been connected
with the church for 45 years and has
been a trustee of the Newberry Lutheran
college for forty years. During
his connection with the church he has
held many positions of responsibility.
JJeatli of ,j. ?. uanieron.
Mr. .J. W. Cameron, of Mollohon
mill, died June 3 and was laid to rest
in Rosemont cemetery by his pastor,
Rev. Mr. Garret: and the order of Red
Men of which he was a member. Mr.
Cameron was fifty-eight years old. H-e
was a faithful and consistent member
of the Baptist church and Sabbath i
school, was a good citizen and leaves
a large family and many friends to
*iourn his loss.
Bt'ADTIFUL SERVICE BY
LOCAL LODGE OE ELKS
ELOOIENT ADDRESS ON PATRIOT
IS3I BY KEY. K. U. FINLAY.
Flair Dhv Observed in XewUerry? |
Good Uusic l?v ( horns of Young I
On Friday, the 13th, the Newberry
Lodge of Elks celebrated the anniversary
of the adoption of the "American
Flag" by the congress of the
United States on the 14th of June,
1777. This day falling on Saturday,
the exercises were held on the 13th
in the opera house. A large and appreciative
audience greeted This noble
order whose principles stand for
loyalty to American institutions. Old
Glory is the symbol of the beneficent
~ ^ A mari/ion r>?t i ^otvcTi 1 n Of
U1 U C1 U l n x li t x vu ii v/ a w*uv iw** ^ f -w ?
course, the only one in the world with
its stars gleaming with hope for the
poor and oppressed, the stripes of
rudy brightness that bind the hearts
of the aliens, who gather beneath its
procecting folds, mingling the blood
of the French with their versitile gifts
of music, science and art; the thrifty
Scot, law-abiding and orderly; the
staunch' churchman of Old England
and brawney sons of Ireland; with
the poetical dreamers of fair Italy?
| and thus love for the American flag
| has given our country the bravest sol
diers the woria nas s-?en on ma.1.1 ui
land and the masters of industry?unexcelled
for courage, industry and patriotic
Rev. K. G. Finlay, chaplain of the
order of Elks and rector of Trinity
church, Columbia, made clear this
thought in his eloquent address on
Patriotism. He stressed the point
that the youth of our country in school
or college should be taught rhat love
for. one's country was next to one's
love of home, and on these" two hung
all the laws of civilization and good
citizenship, and without these corner
stones of good government, man is a
savage under, the control of brutal
instincts and a menace to decency,
order, and civilization. The address
was replete with food for thought and
""" Virtor*/? rj-itVi morlrorj iritPTPSt" flTld
>v ao u^ai u ?> xLAX uiuinvu
attention by all pr-:sent.
Hon. Fred. H. Domini?k, district
deputy, whose subject was "The
Elks' Tribute to the Flag," was a
beautiful poem of thought in prose,
and a tribute indeed to the noble or|
der whose symbol is th? American
flag. The principles it stands for,
loyalty even unto death, benevolence
to all mankind, charity in word and
"* 1 - - - * w?/V*?A A 11 f aI/1
deed to our neignuui, ?cic an wm
in chaste and -earnest language that
comes from the heart of a man or
brother, and will, we believe, one day
mark the speakers' name among those
now in the "Hall of Fame."
Mr. E. H. Aull, the present county
superintendent of education, and a devoted
Elks, read "The History of the
American Flag" from its first inception
until now, which is not
generally known by many who own
sheekskin diplomas. The subject was
not dry, but full of interest to young
and old. We all knew that a woman
was one to suggest the symbol of the
flag, but how many girls or boys can
p-iva. the historv of the first flag: of
O*' ^ / - w
our colonies and what it was? Mr.
Aull had a subject matter that ought
to be a part of every curriculum in
the public schools and a flag raising
day be a lesson of American patriot- J
ism taught to the children by teachers.
The birthday of our flag might
be more far-reaching in results than
the birthdays of any mere man.
The young ladies of the chorus
~ +r.v,loonv nf orroaf hoaiitv or
J.UJ iiJLCU <X 'lauiOAUA t>? U, v*rayed
in the national colors and
much praise must he given their
teachers for their excellent training
and fine singing. We are sure that
Newberry will in the near furure produce
some excellent voice genius for
it was seen and felt that these girls
have sweet birds in their throats that |
only need fostering to develop them
into songbirds as glorious as our own
mocking bird of the sunny South.
At the request of a number of people
who attended the exercises at the
opera house on Friday evening, "The
History of th-9 Flag," as read, is print
i* n i 54.1*
ea in iuix uerevMiu.
History of tlie Flag:.
The history of the American flag;
began with the landing of the Mayflower
in 1620. The first colonial flag j
was known as the "King's Colors," ^
combining the red and white crosses
of England and Scotland upon an inn-er
field of blue. During the memorable
struggle of the colonists to establish
themselves, various attempts
were mad-e to evolve a general flag
emblematic of their cause, but nothincr
rA<;iiltpd The animating
sentiment of the fathers of the republic
was that of freedom, and in support
thereof the word "Liberty" was
emblazoned upon many of the flags
employed in those early days.
. So great was the prejudice against
England and the trappings of royalty
that the use of the "King's Colors"
became intermittent, and was finally
GlSCOniinuu. Qimiiiti yiejuuiue uc-eloped
against the crimson banner
subsequently adopted by the mother
country, and known as the "CromwelL
Flag." In the year 1707 the colornis s
selected a red flag as their ensign,
bearing in the upper corner the green
symbol of a pine tree on a white field.
This banner was in popular favor for
many years, and is thought to have
been the one carried by the Ameri
cans in the battle of Bunker Hill.
I In 1775 a flag was designed for the
Continental army and navy, showing
thirteen alternate stripes of red and
whit-e, corresponding to the number
of colonies,/ with an azure field in the
upper corner bearing the- red cross
of St. George and the white of St. Andrew.
This was the beginning of the
* t* -A. _ _ .3 x ? il.
nag or siars ana siripes. 111 ims iurui
it was hoisted by General George
Washington over his headquarters at
Cambridge, Massachusetts, January 1,
1776. The same pattern of flag was
raised by Lieutenant John Paul Jones
on his vessel, the "Alfred"?its first
i use on a man-of-war.
The right of freedom was proclaimed
by the colonists on July 2, 1776,
and two days later, on July 4. the
Declaration of Independence was
adopted. In response to the demand
for a banner more representative of
the aims and ideals of the new country,
on June 14, 1777, one hundred and
thirty-six y?ars ago today, congress
declared the national flag to be thir
j teen strip-?s, seven red and six wmte,
! with thirteen stars in a circle on a
According to most authorities tha
i first flag of this description was m^de
| by Betsy Ross, at her home, No. 239
Arch street, Philadelphia, a building v
still preserved and pointed out as the
birthplace of our national emblem.
George Washington, acting as committeeman.
submitted the desisn of
the flag to Betsy Ross, and it was
upon her suggestion that the stars
were made of five points, as in France
instead of six points, as in England.
In 1775, after Vermont and Kentucky
had been admitted to the Union, two
stripes and two stars were added to
| the flag. The war of 1812 was fought
under such a flag, and it remained in
this form until July 4, 1818, wh-en the
stripes were reduced to the original
thirteen, and -the stars increased to
one for each State.
These changes also brought to the
present group formation. For a. time
the constellation was depicted as one
large star, thus suggesting the motto,
E Pluribus Unum: "One formed of
many." The red, white and blue colors
in the flag were inherited from
England and Scotland, and the stripes
from Holland. The combination of
stripes, colors and starf, was an
American idea. The red in the flag
has been ^interpreted to mean defiance
to all forms of tyranny and oppression,
the white is indicative of
purity and charity, while the blue represents
justice and fidelity. In th-e
American navy a special flag is displayed
during the Sunday religoius
service?a square pennant of white,
charged with a blue cross emblematic
of faith, and this the only flag that
is permitted to fly above the stars
and stripes within the proper juris
diction of the American government.
In its present form, thirteen colonial
stripes and one star for each
State, the flag represents the American
nation as it was at its birth, as it
is at the present time, and betokens
what it may be in the future when
other stars shall have joined the constellation.
Just before the hour for going to
press Th? Herald and News learns of
the death in Spartanburg today of
iMr. Lambert Caldwell, formerly of
this county. This will be sad new to
his relatives and friends in Newberry.