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TEARING DOWN OLD WORLDS.
young Stars Gather Vp the Pieces to
Add to Themselves.
Every young star, such as our sun, j
ntP on/1 OratflOrc tr? itSAlf OliaDti" i
aill aV/CO UX1U ^UVliVi U vvr , -
ties of impalpable cosmic dus: which
ir encounters on its journey through
space. Therefore every youthful heavenly
body, is increasing in size. But
on the other hand every old and wornout
star reverses the process ~nd in
stead of gathering in new supplies discharges
its accumulations. In the end
ithe old star is utterly disentegrated
and dissolved back into primeval dust
which reassembles somewhere on the
outskirts of space wfrere a new star is
organized. This process of tearing
down old worlds and rebuilding new
ones goes on perpetually. Some of the
forces which nature employs for this
work are light, electric currents and
A V* T 4VM.V.W ?
There are innumerable dark bodies 1
floating in space. Some of these are j
extinguished suns. Some of these are
dark worlds, having lost their vitality,
are on that account, slowly dissolving.
Having parted with their
light, heat and powers of attraction
they are no longer able to hold their
particles together. Hence they are j
becoming smaller and smaller. The i
meteoric stones vhioh strike the j
earth may be the heart, the. final rem- j
nant of a great star or sun. The dust
of the stars Thus dissolved, in obedience
to some repellant force, retires
I'ar away from the old scenes, wandering
darkling in the cold outer re
?nd.nioo oro f-nrmAfl These i
-iiuns ttcie n --uuitiv- en ^ ?.????
straggling particl-e-s of dust are dark I
and cold beyond any. degree possible <
of conception by mortal and finite'
minds. Not until they begin to strike J
against each other is there any light.
Friction creates both light and h-eat.
These particles form into swarms and
when two swarms come into conflict
tfhey unite in spiral motion.
Dr See says: "The photographs afford
durable and convincing illustra- |
+i/->no nf thp formation of whirlpool !
tiV/iAU V* VA? >,
nebulae by the automatic winding up I
of tw o or more streams of cosmical j
dust. Indeed, two such streams can- j
not meet or a single stream settle to,
equilibrium without giving rise to rotation
about a center, and thus producing
a whirling vortex, which eventually
leads to the development of a
The behavior of star dust is not the
occasion of much difference of opinion
between Laplace of 100 years ago and 1
- - rr>l j.f |
Dr. See of the present time, mey un- j
fer widely, however, on the processes !
of world svstem formations. Dr. S-ee !
!has made a profound study of thisj
subject. It is well known among as-1
tronomers that all the stars we behold j
at night and our sun, which is one of j
them, belong to the milky way and '
are integral parts of it. The nebulae.1
are off to the right and left of the.;
milky way as far as possible. Dr. See j
"That this extraordinary distribution
of the nebulae as far as possible
from the stars of the milky way has
some deep physical significance can
scarcely be doubted. What, then, is
the meaning of the observed distribution?
To answer this question in the
simplest and most unbiased manner
we may ask our&eives how dermacritus,
Anazagoras, Aristotle or any of
the Greek natural phisolosphers
would have answered such a question,
had they known that cosmical
dust is constantly expelled from the
stars by electric forces and by the
radiation-pressure of tiheir light and
driven away from the milky way,
which they also knew to be composed
of small stars too dense to be seen
individually. Can any one doubt tfiat
the Athenian saees would have said
that the nebulae are formed of cosmical
dust expelled from the stars and
are, therefor?, located as far away
froia the milky way as possible, being
co^eeted principally in its poles.
?Kansas City Star.
Presentment of Grand Jury.
To His Honor, Judge J. W. Devore:
We the grand jury of Newberry coun
ty for the year .1913 desire to express
our hearty appreciation of the
instructions conveyed to us, regarding
the obligations resting upon our
body, in the remarks made to us by
yourself; and guided by same, we j
have been enabled to assist in the ex- j
pedition of business at this term of
We have carefully considered all!
bills handed to us by the solicitor,'
and "have reported our findings, on 1
same to the court.
Committees, appointed at a prior j
time are keeping in touch with mat- |
ters, assigned to them and will be en- ,
abled to give full reports as to the
conduct of officials, the condition of
educational interests, and the necessary
repairs to public property, together,
with other matters which have,
a place n lino of duty, laid down as i
a guide for our conduct of public affairs.
We recommend that "commutation
tax" collected in the different tov
ships of the county, be expended j
strictly, in rhe manner indicated in j
the bill authorizing same, and That
no part of it shall be diverted from
the purposes therein indicated, for
any purpose whatever.
'Again, we insist that the officers
charged with the care of public buildings
shall cause to be placed on the
steps, in the rear of the judge's stand,
and on those leading to the gallery,
? - ? *?* "' ^An + Vi of Trill
LLI'CLIVL LdLl UI v)UillC UCOWIipnuu bjlicii, tv ah
lessen the noise, that interferes so
materially with the proper conduct
of the court.
We desire your honor to make it
plain to those concerned, that we as
grand jurers, are acting entirely
within our province in making such
recommendations as look to the betterment
of public matters; and, that
disregard for same, is a violation of
hhe obligations whioh they assume
when they accept office at the hands
of the people, whose agents, under
oath, we are, and whose rights and
comforts are involved.
We desire to m?ke it plain that we
intend to attend strictly to the business
in. our hands, for the term of our
incumbency, and that any dereliction
from duty shall be explained, and the
reasons for assigned to us.
J. C. Adams,
We recommend that our clerk be ;
paid tne usuai i-ee.
ONE GHALX OF lVIIEAT.
How if is Made to Produce 50,000 .
Grains jn a Single Year.
. Great interest is taken in France j
just now in a new nHthod by which j
toe yield of crops per acre is enor- j
rnously increased. In one Test case ,
the yield of wheat has been three j
tinus above that grown in similar
soil in the same neighborhood.
The remarkable value of the meth!
od is indicated by the statement that,
it has made 20 grains of wheat produce
700,000 in one year.
The method consists in preparing j
seed -beds in widely spaced lines on j
very mellow land, :then at the end of ,
two months dividing the tufts spring- |
ing from each grain, replanting each
of these rooted shoots tJhus* detached,
and finally in hoeing and earthing up J
those new plants many times in such j
maimer as to provoke at all the points
brought into intimate contact with
the earth the growth of numerous adventitious
shoots, each of which bears
The system is not really new, but a
very ancient one, used immemorially .
by the Chinese, and to it is due the
enormous yield of their fields, which
have been treated like gardens.
While our farmers throw broadcast.
handfuls of grain on the harrowed
earth, offering rich pasturage
to pillaging birds and rodents, the
Chinaman, after furrowing the earth
with his wooden plow-share without
turning it, crumbles each lump in his
hands till it is like fine powder. This
done, at planting time he walks slowly
down each furrow, carrying a grain
drill, which is a marvel of ingenius
Picture to yourself two pointed
plow-s'hares about 20 inches apart
? 1 Kit o f*?<3notrATVJo har
ana cui-iuciji,cu uj o. nuu-jiviuv
supporting a hopper filled with grain
from which issue two slender bamboo
tubes designed to conduct the grains
so that each will drop in the wake of
one of the scares. The diameter of
each tube is just great enough -to allow
the passage of one grain at a
time without letting it drop until it
receives the impulse of a slight shock
given by means of the handles which
| complete the apparatus.
nnoliot! tiho drill in front !
I 1 iiC 5SUWC1 p WUV
of him, inclining it now to the right I
and now to the left in such a way j
that each inclination causes the issue
of a single seed, which is instantly
pressed under by the track of one foot
or the other. Each grain is thus planted
at a distance or 16 to 20 inches j
from its neighbors in every direction. I
At the end of a few weeKs germm- j
ation begins. When the young plant
is ten or twelve inches in height there
are a score of stalks about its stem,
each provided with a fringe of rootlets.
The farmer covers each with
loose earth by means of careful hoeing,
thus raising the level of the fur- 1
row. Each stalk again proliferates, '
" ~ ^ n-na cnnn fiffppn TO twPTltv '
anu tiiti c en ^ -.A- ? ... _v
new stalks around its stem, which detach
themselves. All are the indirect
issue of a single grain, which proves
therefore to have been the parent of
300 to 400 sialks, each bearing an
Transferring this method to experimental
fields and perfecting it, it has
been found possible to separate from
the stem each of the primitive stalk-'
lots with its own root, transplant it,
and then treat in the same way each
of the new plants thus formed.
An Algerian French farm r. Mr.
Fourdiol-Humbert, has been planting
wheat and oats in tine same fields for
five years, without the applica:ion of
manure. He makes his furrows 36
therein at a distance of 20 inches
inches apart and plants the seeds
from each other. Then he harrows
tihe earth constamly, stirring te soil,
destroying its parasites and keeping
it pulverized. For five years, without
fertilizing without distribution of
crops and without rotation, he has
harvested an average yield of 1,800
J 1 AAA ? i
pounds ot oats per acre anu i.iruv ui
wheat, while 'his neighbor's yield was
a scant 800 pounds of oats and 500 of
wheat.?New York American.
Great Animal Swimmers.
The rhinoceros and hippopotamus
are wonderful swimmers and divers,
wihile the Indian elephant crosses
ereat rivers wjtth heavy loads. The j
elk and the reindeer are first-class I
swimmers. The elk keeps fris head j
above water and crosses directly from
bank to bank to avoid turning. The
reindeer, on the other hand, turns
as often as he likes, keeping his head
only a little above tine surface. Har-!
per s says:
But of all swimmers of all times the i
best, tnough not the swiftest, is the j
polar bear, w*ho passes half his time in !
the water swimming and diving. His :
swimming power is nothing short of I
miraculous if it be remembered that:
the water in :he regions he frequen s !
invflriablv cold and that cold is nor
mally prohibitive to good swimming.
There ar bears that can swim from .
forty to fifty kilometers without great !
effort. ^ ?
One of the swiftest swimming ani-;
mals is ihe squirrel. A sportsman on i
one occasion, 'having at hand a squir- !
rel born in captivity, which had never i
seen water, wanted to see if it could I
swim, and took it with him in a row- j
boat to the centre of a lake. The squir- i
tiiT-norl Mn-arH tho hunt hparl anfl !
paws above the water, and tail underneath
it, and began to swim so rapidly
that the man recovered it when it
neared t*he shallow water near the
land. It is said that even many nonaquatic
birds will swim like ducks
if an attempt be made -to drown them.
Honesty in Business. ?
Commenting on the statement I
made recently that a large business
man found nearly all persons honest,
the, rpnrpsemfltive of another con
cern, doing from $30,000,000 to $50,-1
000,000 of business every year, said!
to me yesterday: "Going back over j
our accounts for a period of seven j
years, I can assure you that our losses :
have been less than a tenth of cne
That is certainly a small loss. If |
'every time you handle $1,000 in a ;
1 * ? ~ + V* o & 1 t
Dusiness way >uu lust: icss i.uau .px |
through misfortune, trickery or dis- i
honesty, the record looks pretty
clean. The figures indicate that the
man who is habitually dishonest does
not survive in business.
A Philadelphia mnufacturer of cotton
garments tells me that in nine
years his plant has lost a total of on:
ly $160 through inability to collect
j the debts due it. I asked him how it
was, possible to keep the losses so
; small. His reply was that his factory
Bold its output mostly to large concerns
where the standard of honesty
is 'aigh.?Philadelphia Ledger.
NEW POSTOFFICE FOB BAMBERG.
A. W. Knight Win Put Up Buildingfor
Washington. June 13.?Through the
efforts of Representative Byrnes, of
the 2d district, the postoffice department
recently decided to make better
provision for the postoffice at Bamberg,
S. C. The proposal of A. W.
Knight to rent new quarters to the .
postoffice at Bamberg at $500 a year, j
which is nearly twice the present an- J
nual amount, has been accepted. Mr. j
Knight will put up a new building.
DR. J. W. POLLING ENDORSED.
Allendale Pastor Recommended for
Washington, June 13.?Senator E.
D. Smith and Representative James
F. Byrnes have endorsed Dr. J. W.
Wolling, pastor of the Methodist
church at Allendale, S. C., for a diplomatic
position in one of the Latin/
A nArMiKlinc? Tlr* rvl 11 -n rr titck Q
LfliliCI lean I CP U Un\^o. iyi. i. uimit, .?
for years a missionary in South America,
and it is beli-eved that he will be
made minister to one of the countries
of that continent.
Treat a venerable wise man with
respect, but correct thine equal when
he maintains a wrong opinion.
? " 1 "P?Iiu lUMiwa?nB
TI _ M
i ne my
today and se
lhe Uemson Ag
ENROLLMENT OVER 800-VALUE
AND A THIRD-OVER 90 1
Degree Courses: S
Textile Industry; Architectural Engin
Short Courses: ?2??S
on Grading; Four-Weeks Winter Con
P l9 Cost per session of nine rion
vVSu water, board, laundry, and t
tion, if able to pay, $40 00 extra. Tol
Agricultural Course, $117.55; Four-W<
Srti* 1 in. r
I fc&olarstup ana Entrance c
Agricultural and Textile Scholarships
arships. Value of Scholarships $100 c
dents who have attended Clemson Col
sity, are not eligible for the Scholarsh
Scholarship and Entrance Examina
perintendent of Education on July iit
NEXT SESSION OPENS
Write at once to W. I
11 Clemson College, S. C., for Catalog, S
I' = "J.
Pocfrkrpi^ Tmrrpff'fltelv To!
AtVUbWi vu j
Dark Beautiful Color by
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There is no need o? any one now-a-d2ys
having grey or faded hair, or dauaruli
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Falling hair and dandrufi ruin a beauti-1
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7 UVI 1 J k/U Y Alii
: That Always Has TT
TAT TV aiYIfi
r A Bank Acc<
Copyright 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co.?No. 45
nk Account le
e to any businej
s. Why load j
currency and ri
vhen you can
our bank and <
r 4 per cent on savin
$1 .00 starts an acc
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OF PROPERTY OVER A MILLION
rEACHERS AND OFFICERS
seven courses). Chemistry; Mechanirical
Engineering; Civil Engineering;
e n Agriculture; i wo-xear course in
7; Four-Weeks Winter Course in Cotrs*
ths, including all fees, heat, light,
wo complete uniforms, $133 45. Tuital
cost per session for the one year
;eka Course, all expenses, $10 00.
animations: 2L *$????
. and 51 one-year Agricultural Schol>o
per session and Free Tuition. (Stulege,
or any other College or Univerips
unless there are no other eligible
tions will be held by the County Suh,
at 9 a. m.
SEPTEMBER 10, 1913.
VI. RIGGS, President
cholarshio Blanks, etc. If you delay,
S GREY OR FADED
most immediate change. Often a single
application will do wonders towards restor'
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m;> ine nair iu it* imiuiai wiut. a wr.? >
everywhere are using Hay's Hair Health
in preference to any other preparation to
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Druggists will refund ycur mon^yif Hay's
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following druggists and get a 50c size bottle
of Hay's Hair Health ^and a 25c cake
of Harfina Soap free, for 50c; or $1.00
size bottle of Hay's Hair Health and two
25c cakes of Harfina Soap free, for $1.00.
IK Rank 1
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11785 mi M *
COLLEGE OF CH1BLE ST03J 4
South Carolina's Oldest College
129th Tear Begins September 26th.
Entrance examinations at all the
county seats on Friday, July 11th, at
9 a. m. I
Full four year courses lead to the J
B. A. and S. S. degrees. JL
A free tuition scholarship is assign- fM
ed to each county of the State.
Spacious buildings and athletic
grounds, well equipped laboratories, 1
unexcelled library facilities, and the
finest museum of natural history in J
Expenses reasonable. For terms
and catalogue, address 4
Harrison Randolph, Pres. j
SEABOARD AIR LI>~E. ^ |
Effective April 27,1918.
(Subject to Change without Notice.)
No. 4 Lv. Columbia 5.50 a. m. J
No. 18 Lv. Columbia 4.00 p. m. Jfl
No. 2 Lv. Columbia 6.35 p. m. ?
No. 36 Lv. Columbia 7.45 p. m. tk
No. 19 Lv. Columbia 7.00 a.
No. 1 Lv. Columbia 12.10 p.
No. 21 Lv. Columbia 5.00 p. m.
No. 3 Lv. Columbia 12.20 a. m.. M
Trains 1 and 2, Florida-Cuba Special/ M
Trains 3 and 4, Seaboard Fast Mail. M
Trains 18 and 36, Hamlet local. Trains
19 and 21 Savannah local. m
Ticket Office 1225 Main St Phone I
574. C. E. Boisseau, Jr., City Ticket?
Agts., Columbia S. C. J. S. Etchberger?
Trav Paw A cent P "W Small.
Pass. Agi. Savannah, Ga.?Adv. 1
To Cure a Cold in One Day M
Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stops tjfl
Cough and Headache and works off the CojM
Druggists refund money if it fails to cn:fl
E. W. GROVE'S signature on each b?X. 2S