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*TRUTH THE BASIC PRINCIPLE." <
Address Before Alumni Association
By Rev, J J. Long:.?Election of <
Officers. . i
The annual address before the 1
Alumni association of Newberry col-1
lege was made in Holland hall on
Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock. The
address was delivered by Rev. Jno.
J Dong, pastor of the Lutheran congregation
at Little Mountain. The
Herald and News takes pleasure in
presenting herewith the address in
Following the annual address, the
meeting of the association was held,
2nd the* fnlTnwincr nffieers elected for
ithe ensuing year: president, W. A.
Rast, class of 1899, Cameron, S. C.;
vice president, Jno. B. Setzler, M. D.,
class of 1901, Newberry, S. C.; secretary,
Professor Virgil B. Sease, class
of 1908, Newberry, S. C.; treasurer,!
Prof. E. B. Setzler, class of 1892, New- !
berry, S. C.
Mrs. President, Ladies, Genelemen'
and Fellow Alumni: X am keenly sen- J
sible of, and profoundly appreciative j
of, the honor that ym have conferred ;
upon me in that you have chosen me:
cTiootor nf +>iic nrpstcinn TTnwPVPI* I
VJ y VUIiVi VJL WUAU WVV?^*vrMi .. ^ .
there is one regret which I desire to
express, and that is the disappointment
that shall coire to you because
of my inability to measure up to the
high standard that has been s-et by
those who have addressed you on other
occasions similar to this. I am
today reminded of the Irishman who
had the reputation *f being a hard
man, to whom sentiment and emotion
did not appeal, and who was never
khown to give his approval to any-!
thing that pertained to public good. I
Pat eventually grew weary of his j
reputation and decided to undergo
some reformation; so early one Sunday
morning, to the great surprise and
astonishment of 'his entire family, he
got himself ready for church. While
service was being devoutly engaged
in, Pat arose, clapped his hands together
and said: "Hellebbubelulah."
Some one touched him on the shoulder
and said: "It is*i't Hallebelulah,
it's Halleluiah." Pat quickly replied
by saying, "I don't know what it is, 1
but I'll just maxe a -pass a.i n auti
go on'" So my friends, knowing what
is usually expected of one on occasion
like this, and feeling my inability to
measure up to that which you have a
Tight Ho expect, I'll just be like aPt,
I'll make a pass at it and go on.
That there are many questions of
vital importance confronting the human
mind today, and causing the same
no little degree of anxiety and trou- j
^ ~ nKmit +V> flasirofl on! n_
Ultr LU Ul Ills CLUSJUl. uuc uvuii vu UV4U
tion, is a fact which all of us must
admit. There are political, legal,
economic and financial questions that
are engaging the attention of the
mind and heart of the great nation to
which we belong( and to these questions
must be given serious thought
and careful consideration.
Not being a politician, no one would
expect a discussion of some political
question at my 'hand. Not being a!
lawyer, I would not be expected to
expatiate on some onestion pertaining
to that profession. Not having had
any experience with those things that
constitute finance, a discussion cf
some financial quesHon would be altogether
out of place, and any effort
on my part in that direction would
cause you to subject me to censure
and reproof. ]
But, being a minister of the Gos- <
pel of Jeeus Christ, a discussion of i
1 u? 1 j _ 4
some nigra i quessuw wvuiu uui uc m- .
appropriate, especially the one I have 1
chosen for my subject, namely, <
"Truth, the Basic Principle." t
Truth is eternal, "because God is its 1
author; it is he who has brought ft 1
into existence and Ms revealed it to 1
man. The revelation of it has come 1
to us in such a way that impressions 1
have been formed which are deep and 1
lasting. Herodotus tells us, in the
first bock of his history, that from the 1
age of five years to that of twenty, 1
the ancient Persians instructed their *
children onlv in three things, namely,
to manage a horse, to shoot dexter- 2
ouslv with the bow, and to speak the T
truth; which shows the impression t
that truth mak?s and of how much T
importance th-ey thought it to fix this 1
virtuous habit on the minds of the ?
youth betimes. The smallest dew ^
drop on the meadow at night has a ^
star sleeping in its bosom, and the a
most insignificent passage of Scrip- 11
tur-p has in it a shining truth. Truth
bears the impress of her own divinity, f
and though reason may not be able s
to take cognizance of -the fact, she j
-mov Kc. fillino- fha r>"h n m V* ? r q nf thf* Ti
6011I with a light and glory that is not c
foorn of -earth. t
Truth is the founda.tion of all I
knowledge and the cement of sociotv. r
and hence must be regarded as thr j
baMc principle of the samr>. Upon c
this principle have been founded all t
our laws, moral, criminal and civil. j
Also the government of many nations, j
the civilizations, society and the j
three great sacred and divine institu-!
[ions?the home, the church and the i
State. Those great nations that arose,1
flourished and decayed; whose gov-1
ernnment in a large measure has been '
forgotten; whose civilization no long-;
er exists, and the traces of which only !
serve to furnish information to the
lovers of history; whose society was
once characterized by purifty, chastity
and virtue but has long since been
dragged im the dust and thrust iin the
grave of oblivion; allowed themselves
to be placed upon principles other
f Vi o r> ?.>> a +t?ii f V> ond Vi on net u-onf Hnwn i
in utter shame and defeat, rather
itLan stand upon the glorious and eternal
truth, wield their power and exert
their influence upon all the nations
of the world unt^ Father Eternity
shall declare with regard to the
things that pertain to tthis mundane
sphere all is over. This great principle
as has already been intimated is
the foundation of all knowledge. When
men in (the dark ages were endeavoring
to throw off the galling yoke
of superstition and ignorance; to
bring about a revival of learning; to
open the windows that eternal truth
might penetrate all within, and that
the youth of the land?the future
home, the future State and the future
church may be prepared for life's
duties?they (turned to the great
source of all knowledge. Yes, they
knew that truth alon> offered the balm
so sadly needed, and to obtain that
which she offered would repair the
broken links in the chain, bring order
out of chaos, convert darkness into
light, transform the old in'ro the new
and bring to pass that which is essential
to good government, pure .society
and a prosperous and happy nation.
When real serious and solemn
thoughts come into the minds of men,
thoughts that pertain, not only to this
life but also that which is to come,
then they turn to the -eternal source of
all truth, namely, the word of God.
There they learned the cost of sin,
the love of God and the salvation of
men, and the knowledge that they ob-'
tained from this source is both correct
and b- H question, because the
foundation i& ?*nie?the revealed will
of God to man.
Men in fthe past ages of the world
labored under great disadvantages in
seeking knowledge both for themselves
and to be imparted to ottiers,
because the great basic principle was !
not known and understood as nowa
days. Because revelations concerning
God to man were not studied and
comprehended. Because the light,
power and influence of the truth were
not felt and recognized as today. But
that some of them were not far from
this great principle is a fact which no
reasonable and conservative mind
would for one momenlt attempt to
question. In this connection I gladly
refer to the greatest philosopher of
his day, namely: Socrates. When he
came upon the scene and began to j
exercisees his strong mental faculties '
upon questions of g^at moment he
soon realized that The Ethical elemant
in philosophy, the higher nature
in man as he designated, the very
foundations of truth, of all certainty,
and science, had been denied.
Scepticism had fo^n enthroned and
was reigning triumphantly. He also
saw that the only way to save science
itself from destruction was ito, lay
hold of this strong eternal element;
of truth, this hitherto neglected ele- !
nient, the moral nature of man; that
in him which was higher and nobler
than the mere physical facits and laws
Df his being and of the material existences
around him. It was thus
be lifted the eye of man to a sublime
ipi^ht of Wisdom and trnp srienre.
tvhile he secured the integrity of '
^uth and the possibility of human
knowledge from being utiterly swept
iway by the flood of scepticism.
Protagoras confidently affirmed that
nan is the measure of all things and <
nen differ. Things are only what <
hey seem to us and our conceptions
^arv; hence there is no such thing <
is absolute truth. It was Socrates, <
vho said: "Man is''he measure of all f
hings; but descend deeper into his 1
lersonality and you will find that (
inderneath all varieties there is a s
:ronnd of steady t^ith. Men differ I
?ut men also agree, they differ as to t
^hat is fleeting and transitory; they c
sree as to what is abiding and eter- c
ial." . s
This great philosopher was not far s
rom the truth when he clearly and 1
trongly taught that 'Virtue and hap- j
tinpss are inseparably united; that t
ie only is happv who sepks the good c
>f family, friends artf fatneriand ana i
irho Iparns to govern body and soul." t
Te tells that "Temperance and mod- c
ra'ion are preferable to sensual en- 1
ovmont. since the latter is merely the (
.'ratification of certain wants, of i
vhich the fewer the better, and since ?
it also destroys the true freedom of
the soul. The true destiny and dirty
of man is to assimilate himself to the
divine by emancipating himself from
the dominion of his passion." He
believes the deity to be "The supreme
reason, the source <*f all things, the
end of all human endeavors." In his
A />r\r-? nc,r> n _
dl gUlliCiil ? ilii m laiuuuiuuo \<v;uv/v/x u
ing the divine existence, he said:
"Then shalt thou, oh Aristodeinus, understand
that there is a being whose
eye pierceth throughout all nature
and whose ear is open to every sound;
extended to all places, extending
through all time and whose bounty
and care can know bo other bound
than those fixed hv his own creation."
Thus, my friends, we see that many
men in past ages of the world sought
with untiring perseverance and unI
wearying dilig;ence to know the truth.
'Knowledge and wisdom they endeavored
to obtain and acquire. They
j labored under great disadvantages,
that the one longing of the human
mind may be satisfied, namely: to
think upon, to believe in and to know
I J-l- * i ? .il? 41? ? /VMAn ^ rtvii?t A I
; llie iruui uie sicai. uaaiv; piiuuipic. ]
Not only is truth the foundation of
all knowledge bult iv is also a thing
of much power, as evidence of the
above statement I wish to speak somewhat
at length of spiritualism. The
term spiritualism is used by philosophical
writers to denote the opposite
of materialism. In a narrow sense
it is also used ito describe the belief
that the spiritual world manifests itself
by producing in the physical
world effects inexpHcable by known
laws of nature. The belief in such
occasional manifestations has proba- i
bly existed as long as the belief in
uie existence 01 spirns apan irom ,
human bodies, and complete examination
in!:o it would involve a discussion
of the religions of all ages and
nations. In 1848, however, .a peculiar
form of it, believed to be based on
abundant experiment! evidence, arose
in America and spread there with
great rapidity and thence over the
civilized world. This form which developed
into that movement which has
been called modern spiritualism began
in a single family. In 1884 a
"Mic + ar o n "VfiocAC* T?av ortrl ltV>Cin f TX'rv I
i-tj.10 lti CLJUU. aUIOO^O x1 v/w ciuu uu^-ii mu
daughters living in Waynes county,
N. Y., were much disturbed by unexplained
knockings. At length Kate
Fox discovered that the cause of the
isounds was intelligence and would
make raps as requested, and communication
being established, the rapper
professed to be the spirit of a murdered
peddler. An investigation into
the matter seemed to show that none
of the Fox family were concerned in
producing the rapping; but the evidence
that they were not concerned
in insufficient. It was, however, at
Rochester where (the two Fox girls
soon afterward went to live with a
married sister that modern spiritual
ism assumed its present form and that J
communication was, as it was believed,
established with lost relatives and
dece.-is-ed eminenlt men.
The presence of certain mediums
was required to form the link between
tfie worlds of the living and of
the dead, and Kate Fox and her sis- !
ter were the first mediums. The
earliest communications were car-1
ried on by means of raps. It was i
agreed that one ra;? should mean no !
and three yes, while complicated messages
were obtained in otther ways,
auuu ctb ctuiaiig over ui pwiutrug wj
letter of the alphabet when raps occur
at the required letters. This;
modern fake became very popular and '
attractive and hence many came to
study it, to learn it and to be in- j
fluenced by it. It was not confined
to America, but wa? carried over into
Europe in the year *.852 by Miss
Hayden who claimed to be a professional
medium. It spread like"wildfire
within a few months of her arrival.
Its first development being in
the form of mania for table turning
which seems to have prevailed all
over EuroDe in 1583. Th2 phenomena
are divided into two main classes:
Besides the raps and ether sounds
Dccurring without apparent physical
^ause, were mysterious movements of
iurniture and other objects: and these
vero shortly followed by the ringing '
)f bells and playing of musical in- ^
>truments. Then followed the apDearance
of lights; quasi human
oices; musical sounds produced with <
nit instruments. The malerilization )r
presence in material form of what J
;eemed to be human hanis and faces e
md ultimately of complete figures, al- <
egea 10 oe not tnose or any person i
iresent, and sometimes claimed by
vithnesses as dec-eased relatives; psy hography
or direct writing and drawng,
asserted to be done without hu- 1
unn intervention; spirit photogranhy.
)r photographing of human and other
'orms invisible to all but specially;"
endowed seers; unfastening of cords
md hand handling of red hat coals;
tnd the apparent passage of solids
"Tjdie Bank That AI
9 #_?L. i
Start A Ba
Copyright 1909, by C.
A Bank Ac
tige to an
victual, is convei
and places. W1
kets with curren
robbery, when y
money in our h i
We pay 4 per c<
and $1.00 st
today and see how ra
est multiplies your m<
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