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High Water Mark <
By Col. D.
The Gettysburg of fifty years ago I
was called "Lee's Waterloo," which
was erroneous, for some of the Southern
chieftain's hard-est, fiercest and
most successful battles were yet to
come, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold
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HarDor, retersourg, eu;. dui uu
who was on the "fatal field" of a fewdays
ago, would doubt for a moment
that it was the Waterloo of sectionalism,
bitterness and distress between
the North and the South. Old scores
of hatred, engendered by the war,
seemed to have been entirely wiped
from Lhe slate and instead of "Yanks"
and "Jofrnny Rebs" you heard on all
sides, "Hail brother," "Ho comrade."
The general government and the
State of Pennsylvania contributed
near a half million of dollars for the
entertainment of the veterans, and
fully that much was donated by the
States, for the transportation of their
individual troop, making the enormous
total of one million dollars, for the
peaceful meeting of tihe blue and the
gray. Was the "game worth the candle?"
Was the good effect equal to
this prodigious expenditure of money?
I for one, and I believe every one
nresent, would say it was the best out
lay possible, if we are to judge from
good results in the future. We heard
it talked on all sides, among the Federal
soldiery, that the South's veterans
should share equally with them,
the nation's bounty, a part of the pensions,
so lavishly bestowed upon those
who were the blue. I can't say that
I seek any pension from the government,
but if it should be granted and
I am still living I dare say I would
be patriotic enough to take it.
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Speaking on general principles ui
the good cheer and love feast of tihfe
recent reunion, I went to that meeting
with fifty years of bitterness and
hatred pent up in my soul, more than
the majority of the Southern veterans,
for in my line of duty I had opportunities
to seo more of the wrongs done
our women and country than most
men, but I came away with ill feel;
ing for none. Not that I lhave forgiv
en the North for everything they did
to us, for fifty years is too short a
time to forget and forgive all the
But since talking with any number
of intelligent men from the North, and
hearing their version of war I have
1 ecome greatly mollified, enough at
least, to keep me from cutting any of
their throats. As a man said to me,
from the old "Iron Brigade" from
Michigan, "You men entered the army
for a principle, wre of the North, to
get bread for our families; our mines,
workshops and factories were all closed
and we had to either enlist for the
bounty offered, or starve. All that
ohnirt thp Northern men
tain, juu (u^ai uuvu? ...
entering the army and fighting to save
the union, is all stuff, gotten up by
the niewspapers, while as a fact, we
didn't care a d whether you were
in or out of the Union, so long as we
had bread for ourselves and families."
Well, I "believe there is a lot of truth
in this, but these sentiments were no
reason why they should burn our
The South Carolina contingent was
hours late and got into camp some
time after night. Col. Fair had preceded
us, looked over the ground,
lent us much aid in piloting us to our
quarters and looking after our comfort,
for which every man from Newberry
greatly appreciated. When we
arose in the morning one vast sea of
tents lay out before us and it was
lot until we saw old Round Top, silent,
sullen, defiant, that we could
get our bearing.
Gettysburg, the quaint old Dutch
fown of 17,000 inhabitants, was two
miles to the north. The camp,4 or
rather the "field of Mars." was traversed
by two great thoroughfar s,
one in our rear, ran along a stone
'ence on Semitary Ridge, behind which
"Tige'' Anderson's Division of Hill's
corps and McLaws, of Longstreet,
4-V?/-v ftc-ponlf r*n fVi o OnH
UI iiicu 1U1 LUC acoauii, uu Uio .uu.
This is called "Confederate Avenue,"
thus called I suppose, in honor of their
visiting brethren. The other pike, on
which runs the trolley cars, goes to
"Devil's Pen" at the foot of Round
Top, from this city. This was formerly
called the Gettysburg road, on which
Sickles Tihird Corp of Federals lay
when McLaws' Mississippians, Georgians
and South Carolinians so unmercifully
assailed and shattered on
the afternoon of fifty years ago.
The South Carolina veterans were
"ented between the Louisiana and
Texas, while across the street on
vhich our quarters abutted, were Federals
of every hue, from Maine to the
"Dokotas. The camps were laid out
on scientific principles by U. S. offiI
)f the Confederacy*
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cers and everything p-rtaining to the i
ease, comfort and thie health of the
troop, was admirably attended to.
Did we have plenty to eat? Yes and
and s;?are. Beef, mutton, eggs, butter
aid every conceivable delicacy.
I Munroe Harris took a fright at a
spread of dressed chickens, that I
don't think he will forget during life.
He led me to it. It was a table about
five feet wide, more than two hundred
feet long and piled as high as you
could reach with the fattest chickens
j I ever saw. I was leaving for home,
but "Mun" said be would stay to eat
cf those chickens "if It took all summer."
The thousand acres of the Gettysburg
battlefield is one vast field of
monuments, and it would fill volumes
ro give descriptions of them and their
inscriptions. Infantry monum-ents,
with bronzed statues of soldiers on
top, some loading their guns, others
as if firing, while some were at rest.
Wherever there had been a battery
stationed you found massive monu
ments, some surrounded with condemned
cannon and bronzed figures
of cannoneers, surmounting the shafts.
Every position occupied by troop, just
before the deadly assault of four
o'clock, ihas cast iron tablets, stating
from what State and command these
We were encamped somewhat to
i* the left of wrhere Pickett's assaulting
] columns were formed and here we
i came to the first monument or mark'
er on that part of the field. It was a
monstrous piece of solid granite, fully
ten feet square and perhaps ten
or twelve feet high, with the simple
inscription, "Virginia to her sons."
As you go down the pike just in
rear of the memorable stone fence,
you come upon the piarkers of Anderson's
troop of Hills Corps who
were on that day assigned to Longstreet,
in lieu of Pickett. That general
was then coming with all possible
dispatch from Ohambersburg,
twenty miles away. The first of these
was Posey's, then came Wright's, Perry's
and Wilcox's. On a circular cast
iron plate of about four feet in diameter,
anchored to an iron post of
a foot in diameter with the inscription,
"He :e fought on July the 3rd,
1563, the trcop of Brigade, i
composed the regiment,"
marks every positon. They were all
alike, giving the simple fact, that such
regiments fought there. Of McLa/ws'
Division of which Kershaw's formed
a part, are Barksdale's Mississippians,
Wofinrd's Georgians, Kershaw's South
I Carolinians and Simms' Georgians. To
the right and front were Hood's four
Kershaw faced Ayers' regulars, the
stubbornest and most determined
troop in the Federal army, the brigade
which saved the army from utter
destruction on both fields of Manassas.
These troops, as well as McCondless,
who faced Simms, were
posted in the wooded stretch of foothills
of Round Top behind great boulders
and piles of quarried rock. Barksnnd
TITnffnr/1 Willoril STIfi
uaic auu t* uuuiu iavtu ,,
Robertson, in the lower part of the
hisotric peacb orchard. Before the
fight was half over Weed's, Birmay's,
Nevin's and Rogers' Brigades came to
the aid of their hard pressed brethren.
So you see on this part of the field
the Confederates were outc umbered
three to one. Round Top and Little
Round Top, just in our fr^nt, and
the point at which all of Longstreet's
forces were directing their efforts,
were one blaze of cannon, which could
reach and command every inch of our
ground. Down near the foot of the
ridge in the peach orchard Sickles
had posted a battery of ten guns,
with instructions to fire nothing but
grape and cannister at the approaching
infantry. Through this bail of
shot we were forced to march against
and forbidden to fire a gun. We walked
over this battery with "hands
down." but with a fearful loss, how
ever, was forced to give it up, when
night came on no horses to remove
it. The loss among our own artillery
horses was so great- it was difficult
to move even our own pieces.
The turnpike on wkich the Federal
General Sickels had formed his columns,
is a house near his left where
his headquarters's flag floated fifty
years ago. Now the old general, the
only one of his rank on either side,
sat reeciving the homage of friend
and foes. Thousands of Confederate
stopped to pay their compliments, but
I, somehow, had no such inclination.
While he was no doubt a g?.llant foe,
I have no such exalted opinion of a
man who had ruined the lives of two
innocent women, lording it over my
State for two years in a "coach and
four," rhen after having received and
squandered near a half million dollars,
the government has allowed
him as pay, he withiu the present year
begs the government for a pension
T 1J T- 4.-U A + t r\
1 wouiu muua lamti uuii mv nai. iu
the equestrian statue of General Warren,
mounted on the cliffs of little
The most casual student of the history
of that battle well knows that this
great engagement was the result of
an accident and miscarriage of orders.
Had uhe Federal cavalry general,
Beaufort, received the orders to
retire should his outpost be attacked,
or had General Reynolds received the
orders from Meade to fall back to
Ennettsburg, should A. P. Hill move
forward, no battle of the first day
would have taken place. Had not General
Warren, Meade's chief of ordnance,
rode up on Round Top in the
afternoon of the 2nd and put the army
in position to meet the onrusn
of Longstreet, nothing could have
saved Meade from total destruction.
After A. P. Hill ihad defeated the
first and eleventh Corps, under Reynolds
and Howard, the latter taking
refuge on the bold and precipiton*
cliffs of Culp's Hill, half mile southeast
of the town, Meade naturally concluded
the battle would be renewed to
the north of the town. He was rushing
his whole army along Rock creek,
just in rear of Cemetery Hill, where
he haci a light line formed. When
Warren rode to the brow of Round
Top, what he saw was enough to
freeze his heart. Hood's division had
already formed around the southern
base of the mountain while McLaws'
and Anderson's were preparing for
| the assault and not a Federal soldier
i in sight, save Weed's Brigade down
in Devil's Den. Without-waiting orders
from ihis chief, he ordered all
troops marching toward Gettysburg to
turn to the left. The infantry came
at?a run and lined the slopes of the
mountain behind boulders, stone
fences, hedges and every conceivable
nlace of vantage. The artillery came
like mad and as the Confederates
emerged from the groves in which
tihey had formed, -little and great
Round Tops were one sheet of Same.
While General Warren was not killed
.here, his appreciative countrymen
have erected an equestrian statue of
heroic size on the very rock from
which he saw first the Confederates
j forming. From here, after drinking a
j cool drink from the marble lined
spring at Devil's Den, I proceeded to
the rear of the Federal lines, along
Cemetery Ridge. Near Meade's headquarters
is the "city of the dead," in
which ten thousand of the Confederate
and Federal dead lie sleeping. A
headstone is to each marked "unknown."
They do not lie promiscuously
but each in a plot to itself, and
well might we say
"Under the sod, under the clay,
Here lies the blue, there the gray."
r . _ ?
Along the ridge and tne valley 01
Rock Creek had stood Meade with the
flower of the Federal army, 115,950
strong. Beyond lay Lee, with barely
70,000. Even with this disparagement
between their forces one would ask
why was Lee, with all his prestige,
military training and transcendent
genius of war, repulsed pitted as he
was against a military mediocre* not
long enough in command to have won
the confidence and ardor of his troop?
Look at the ground today and the answer
is easy. It was a. physical impossibility
to drive any troop from
this natural fortification. From the
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aorupl D1UU, at uui.nui tu xvuuuu
Top, runs several series of stone walls
with cliffs in front, behind which
troops lying down out of danger, making
a double line of defense, perfectly
shielded from the mass of bullets from
the Confederates, the Southern army
having to march to the assault,
through an open and unbroken field
of a mile ia length. The best of this
world's military critics, who have visited
this field, pronounce it the best
natural battlefield for defense on the
Western continent and the wonder is,
not that Lee was repulsed but that
any of his men survived. As I left
the field I thought of our Kentucky
poet, when he sang
"On Fame's eternal camping ground,
Tiheir silent tents are spread
And Glory guards, with solumn round
The bivouac of the dead."
AIKEN COUNTY BOY DBOTTN'ED.
TVm. Edward Bell Meets Death Ifhile
In Pond Swimming,
Augusta, Ga., July 13.?William Edward
Bell, 13 years of age, was drowned
this afternoon in Getzen's pond,
near North Augusta, in Aiken county.
Tne nine ooy was m swimming, as
soon as he was pulled from the water
efforts were made to resuscitate him,
hut w.'thout avail. The drowning was
witnessed by a large crowd. The Aiken
coroner decided that no inquest
VN tKo A
IX 1 ilAV V*'
of your bi
! bank. Ca
Health and s
BARBECUE NOTICES. <?>
We "will give a first class barbecue
at Keitts Grove on July 24. A good din- j
ner ig guaranteed. J
| B. M. Suber,
| 0. A. Felker.
I will give a first class barbecue at
my residence at the late J. A. Cromer's
home place, on Saturday, August
9. Dinner 35 and 45 cents. Enjoyment
for young people guaranteed.
J. A. Felker.
We will give a barbecue at Fork
School, on August 8th. We invite
everybody to be present
H. F. Counts,
I will furnish a first-class barbecue
at my residence near St. Phillips
church on Friday, July 18, 1913. An
* ! ? J -3 *vll +/\ nnmn
invitation is exienutru iu <tn tuiw
and enojy a good cue. Arrangements
will be made for all to spend a pleasant
D Edwin Half acre.
"We, the undersigned, will give a
first-class barbecue at Pomaria Friday,
July 25. Several interesting
speeches will be made during the
day. The public is cordially iniited
and a pleasant day promised to all
who attend. Dinner 40 and 50 cents.
I will give a first-class Barbecue at
Sligh's, S. C., on Jly 25th. I will
serve dinner at 11 o'clock and also
sell meat. There will be special ar*
: That Always Has Th
Copyright 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co.~n?^3^^^
aily run of busii
to transact bus
ke manner. 0;
is to bank you
ir deposits daifo
y, according to tl
ill and talk to us
1 need money in afte
while you are mal
trength does not r
40 o on savings depc
rangemnts made for ladies. Come
one, come all and spend a pleasant
day and enjoy a good dinner in the
beautiful grove. It will be cooked
by one of the best cooks in the county,
P. B. Ellisor.
J. S. Watts.
I will give a first-class barbecue
at my residence on Saturday, July
19. I will sell meat and hash at 11.30
J. M. Counts.
TO AIL WHOM IT MAT CONCERN.
Please take notice that I, Florence
T. Lane, claim right of dower in lands
of James Jeffierson Lane adjoining the
town of Newberry, S. C., recently sold
by mortgage foreclosure proceedings,
and bought in by the National Bank of
Ne wherry, s. u.
7-4-4t-f. Florence T. Lane.
Cures Old Soresy Other Remedies Won't Cure.
The worst cases, no matter of how long: standing:,
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Porter's Antiseptic Healing: Oil. It relieves
Pain and Heals at the same time. 25c, 50c, $1.00
Notice is hereby given thai I will
sell in the storeroom of the Cash Millinery
company, located in Main street
near the corner of Main and Nance |
streets, in the Town of Newberry, S.
C., on the 22nd day of July, 1913, at
11 o'clock a. m., all of the stock ot
millinery and notions, and also the'
fixtures, said stock of millinery and
fixtures having been seized by me under
a distress warrant for rent issued
by Rebecca Brown through her agent;
same having been seized as the property
of H. D. Havird, the lessee of
oo,*/* efnrornnm The inventorv of
oaiu Dbvi VA VVM?? ? ??
said stock and fixtures Is as follows:
stock $363.28; fixtures $108.08.
Terms of sale: Cash.
J. C. Sample,
" - ? J
less, one j
iiness in a
ne of the ^
the right I
> about it. |
r life. Save
SEABOABD AIE LINE. '
Effective April 27, 191S.
(Subject to Change without Notice.)
No. 4 Lv. Columbia 5.50 a. zsl
No. 18 Ly. Columbia. 4.00 p. m. j
No. 2 Lv. Columbia 6.35 p. su J
No. 36 Ly. Columbia 7.45 p. m. 9
No. 19 Ln Columbia 7.00 a. m.
No. 1 Ly. Colombia 12.10 p. m.
No. 21 Ly. Columbia 5.00 p. so.
No. 3 Ly. Columbia 12.20 a. m.
Trains 1 and 2, Florida-Cuba Special.
Trains 3 and 4, Seaboard Fast Hail.
Trains IS and 36, Hamlet local Trains j
19 and 21 Savannah local. A
Ticket Office 1225 Main St. Phone W
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