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XEGRO'S NAME IS WIHDR.UVX
Patterson Declined tlie Appointment
Owing to Opposition of Tilltfan,
Smith and Other Senators.
Washington, Aug. 2.?President Wilson
today withdraw the nomination of
Adam E. Patterson of Oklahoma, a
negro, to be register of the treasury.
Patterson declined the appointment,
and the president nominated instead
Gabe E. Parker, of Oklahoma, a Choctaw
Indian, recommended by both
senators from Oklahoma and the congressional
delegation from that State.
In his letter to President Wilson,
T>/-% tf AT?r-Ar> corc
"In view of recent developments
caused by ray name having been submitted
to the United States senate for
confirmation as register of the treasury,
I beg to request that you withdraw
my nomination for that position.
I consider that you have paid me a
high tribute and an honor well worth
cherishing in appointing me register
of the United States treasury, for
which I heartily thank you. I had
hoped that the nomination and confirmation
would be made without protest.
This hope, it seems, was unfounded.
"I feel like our Savior must have
felt when he was handed the bitter
cup?it meant life and death. Yet I
take it and cheerily stifle my personal
ambition and surrender back to
you, Mr. President, the appointment
as register of the United States treasury,
the prize for which I have striven
all my life.
"I refuse to embarrass your administration,
Mr. President, by insisting
upon my confirmation and I also
believe it is best for my race that I
withdraw my name from further consideration
for that position. I am
anxious that the spirit of harmony
and good will exist between the two
races and by taking this step I believe
it will go far toward bringing
about a more friendly racial feeling."
Patterson worked in the democrauc
national headquarters during the last
presidential campaign in the colored
men's bureau and was recommended
by National Committeesman Hudspeth
of New Jersey. Opposition in
the senate from Southern senators,
including Senators Smith and Tillman
of South Carolina, brought about the
withdrawal of Patterson's name.
ens wood, but do >ot kill.
Xew Rifle to be Adopted by British i
Army is Most Humane Weapon.
The British army is shortly to be j
equipped with a new type of rifle, pos-1
sessing a considerably longer barrel |
than the present mode and a slightly
decreased bore. V/ith this weapon it
will be possible to discharge a bullet
with very high velocity and penetrating
Ninety-nine people out of a hundred
will jump to the conclusion that this
weapon has been designed in order to j
increase the wholesale slaughter and i
carnage that is generally supposed
to be the inevitable outcome of
modern warfare. As a matter of fact,
this is quite a mistaken idea.
Modern weapons 01 war aic ia^u-;
ly developing into very humane instruments
as compared with those
of a few years ago. This tendency
is not due to any humanitarian reasons,
hut solely because it is not
policy to create wholesale slaughter
in present-day warfare.
Experts have discovered that lo
wound an enemy is far better than
killing him. A number of wounded
soldiers entails responsibility on the
side that they represent, which is a
severe handicap in a strenuous war
campaign. Ambulance corps and field
hospitals have to be maintained, and
in big campaigns where casualties
are large, the burden of taking care
thp -wounded is no small matter.
That is one great reason why modern
weapons tend to put a man temporarily
out of action and not to kill
aim. The terrific speed of a bullet
discharged from .he modern highpower
rifle sends it, in nine cases out
of ten, right through a man. It puts
him out, but seldom kills him.
The wounds made by high speed
bullets, though severe, heal very rapidly.?What
is more, the modern bullet
seldom poisons a wound, as was
?--"u /-viri r>f cVint
tne case wim me um
Owing to the heat developed by the
high-power used in the discharge the
bullet is rendered sterile of antiseptic,
and very seldom causes complications
by blood poisoning. A proof
that this is the case is supplied by
the recent Balkan war.
A doctor who attended the wounded
Turks stated that out of nearly 700
wounded soldiers only two needed serious
operations for their hurts,
twenty only required plaster bandages,
while the remainder !:.-a. :
thoir wounds in two weeks largely by
means of the first-aid packets, which
formed part of their kit.
Recent wars have also shewn that
wholesale carnage is most undesirable
as regards the disposal of the
dead. In a strenuous campaign there
n i i <
! August 6th an
The Southern Railway will sell ve
ets to Columbia, S. C., on account o
be on sale August 5th, 6th and 7th,
following rates will apply:
Proportionately low rates from all
mation op ply local agent or address
S. H. McLean, D 1' A, Columbia, S
is little time to spare to inter those j
who have fallen, ana tne victorious
side often has many bodies of the
enemy to dispose of. Cemeteries canrot
be placed anywhere, as they must
be well clear of towns or rivers, from
a sanitary point of view.
In the Russo-Japanese war the Japanese
were so handicapped by their
own dead and those of the Russians
left behind, that eventually they em- ,
ployed vehicles fitted up as crematoriums
which traveled about with the j
army. By this means the serious problem
of disposing of corps was to a
large extent solved by cremating :
tn disable rather
X ilia IGllUCUVJ ?
than to kill is to be found in several
The shell which most people con-!
sider a weapon of terrific death-deal- 1
ing properties, really wounds more
often th-in kills. This type of shot 1
in the fir?t place is meant to demolish
fortifications, entrenchments and
houses. It certainly may kill while
carrying out this mission, but more
often its flying pieces cause flesh
wounds, serious but not fatal.
In the same way airships bombs
and shells, though at first sightserious,
death-dealing factors, will
prove useful more for wrecking pro|
perty than taking human life,
i To start with aerial craft engaged
! in dropping bombs will have to stay
at a high altitude to elude the snarpshooters
on earth. Thus a falling
bomb from a great height will not
be difficult to avoid. Its fall will be
gauged with more or less accuracy,
certainly with sufficient correctness
to enable those underneath to run
clear of the spot it is falling toward.
All things considered, modern war- j
fare is tending to become far less an '
! affair entailing wholsesale slaughter f
j?not because we are becoming more
humane, but merely because recent
conflicts have proved it is policy to
wound and not to kill.?'New York
American Inventor Builds Solar ^lotor
Plant in Egypt.
Frank Snuman, a distinguished
American engineer, who recently
i*>ft T.rmrir.n fnr Eevnt. is making a
departure in the generation
of natural power. He is going to
harness the sun to the Nile, says a
i London letter. He has already in-,
'stalled near Cairo a l$$-horsepower
I sun plant for irrigation, and his; pres!
ent mission to Egypt is to complete
| the installation and begin operations
' Four tmes only in the history of
fhn hnmpn mne hac; thp eaneration of I
power been the subject of invention.
; First came the windmill, then the
i water wheel. The third departure,
and the greatest so far was the comi
bastion of fuel. Xow comes the use
1 of the solar ravs, which if successful
'?and Mr. Shuman says that success
(is already assured?will be the most
; complete revolution of all, solving at
once for the tropics the problem of
?_ c r>
ia, o. u
,J 7A 1Q1Q
Ill 1111; ?U1<J
ry low round triy excursion tick's
the above meeting. Tickets will
with final limit yugust 9th. The
other points. For further infnrL.
D. Robinson, G P & T A, or
fuel, which in the past has been so
great handicap to remunerative labor
and which in the future, with the
diminishing supplies of coal, must become
a greater handicap still.
Explaining in an interview the character
and purpose of his sun power
plant, Mr. Shuman said:
"By means of parabolic mirrors
thp hppt nf thp snn is concentrated to
five times its natural intensity.
"This gives us a temperature of
about 600 degrees Fahrenheit, and by
means of this heat concentrated on
boilers, the steam is generated, which
is used for driving a low pressure
condensed engine. This engine in
turn drives a large reciprocating
pump capable of pumping 13,000 gallons
a minute, and thus of irrigating
in this particular locality, 1,00 acres
"You can do the same thing of
course," Mr. Shuman went on to say,
"by means of steam generated from
coal. But coal in the tropics costs
from $10 to $20 a ton. Sunlight does
not cost anything. It is true that the
cost of the first construction of a sun
power irrigation plant is double that
of a first class plant using coal. Estimating
the interest on the increased
investments at 6 per cent, this
places us on an equality with the
coal at $2.50 a ton, delivered at the
site of the plant.
"tv>o niant mnrpnvpr. is so con
structed that with ordinary care it
will last for many generations. It is
composed entirely of re-enforced concrete,
iron and glass. The glass and
concrete will last indefinitely, and so
will the iron plant, provided that it
is painted every five years.
"You have, therefore, a permanent
plant, the upkeep of which costs very
little The labor that is required to
run a S'in power plant is, indeed, a
great ^eal less than that which is necessary
for a coal plant. No stokers
are needed, there is no coal to be
shoveled and no ashes to be removed.
"Hitherto the great handicap to
cultivation of the soil in the tropics
has been the high cost of fuel, making
the irrigation of all great areas
of land prohibitive. Sun power plant
by working without fuel, sweeps away
the handicap completely, and as soon
as its use becomes general, as it is
certainly tcund to do, it will make
wide areas of deserts productive and
will enable the tropics to support a
vastly greater jcpula ion than they
are able to do at present.
"In America in the summer and
faxl of .I'll, a 33 hourse power sun
pl?mt was thoroughly tested with perfect
success. In Cairo we hope to
have the plant working by the first of
"If its success there is established
" *- +!->/-> r-mmtripc; must
IIS Ubt' ill IUC v, vy ^ ^
become general, because no one need
have to face any longer t'.ie difficult
problem of fuel. In addition to the
tropics, the sun power plant could also
be used with immense advantages
in the South of France, Spain, Italy,
and. in fact, in all countries where
they have on an average of 75 per
cent of sunshine every day of the
mh iniw ^ micn?ifi iimiiiwii iiniy?m
IN the d
of your bi
Health and s
> BARBECUE NOTICES. <S>
I will give a first class barbecue at
my residence at the late J. A. Crom- I
er's home place, on Saturday, August i
9. Dinner 35 and 45 cents. Enjoy- j
ment for young people guaranteed.
J. A. Felker.
! "VTe will give a barbecue at Fork
School, on August 8th. "We invite
everybody to be present.
H. F. Counts,
W. H. Counts.
We will furnish a first class Bar
'Decue at ePak, S. C., on August l*th,
Come one and al and have a good
"ime and enjoy yourselves.
L. A. Ellisor,
W. G. Sloan.
Mothers! Have Tour Children
Are they feverish, restless, nervous,
irritable, dizzy, or constipated? Do
they continually pick their nose or
grind their teeth? Have they cramping
paiins, irregular and ravenous appetite?
These are all signs of worms.
Worms not -only cause your cnnu
suffering, but stunt its mind and
growth. Give "Kickapoo Worm Killer"
at once. It kills and removes the
worms, improves your child's appetite.
regulates stomach, liver and
bowels. The symptoms disappear and
your child is made happy and healthy
as nature intended. All druggists, or
by mail. 2"c.
KICKAPOO INDIAX IFEfllfTXE CO.,
Philadelphia. Pa. St. Lonis, "M"o.
Mr. Shuman added that it will also
be possible, by means of electric
storage batteries, to store the power
that is derived from the sun just as
one can store any other power.
: That Always*|Has T1
Coprritht 1909^ by C. E. Zimmcrmtn
aily run of busii
to transact but
ke manner. O
is to bank yoi
r deposits dailj
y, according to tl
11 and talk to ui
I need money in afte
wliilp vr?n are ma.1
trength does not i
40 o on savings dep<
For more than 30 yea-is we have
been training girls and young women
for successful teaceing and fcr
usefulness in life.
We furnise scholarships tos the
young women preparing to teach
and free tuition to all students who
take instruction in our Practice
and Observation School.
We guarantee positions to teachers
who complete our courses of
study. For catalogue address J.
?< TiTTA-nrc T ;4-4-1 ^+r\T~> "M n
lVi. AXlUl'iivJ) X/llLitlUU, XI. N_-.
Guaranteed Eczema Bemedy.
The constant itching, burning, redness,
rash and disagreeable effects of
eczema, tetter, salt rheum, itch, piles
and irritating skin eruptions can be
readily cured and the skin made clear
and smooth with Dr. Hobson's Eczema
Ointment. Mr. J C. Evelad,
of Bath, 111., says: "I had eczema
twenty-five years and had tried everything.
All failed. When I found Dr.
Hobson's Ecsema Ointment I found
a cure." This ointment is the formu
la of a physician and has been In I
use for years?not an experiment
That is why we caD guarantee it. All
druggists, or by mail. Price . 50c.
Pfeiffer Chemical C-q., Philadelphia
and St. Louis.
The man who praises himself is
never popular, especially with the
people who think he might better be
_ n i
I I Mi
ill EiflBP jm '
ness, one <
siness in a
ne of the
s about it.
;r life. Save
SEABOABD AIE LINE.
Effect!?e April 27,1913.
(Subject to Change without Notice.)
No. 4 Lv. Columbia 5.50 a. 3a.
No. 18 Lv. Columbia 4.00 p. m.
I No. 2 Lv. Columbia 6.35 p. m.
No. 36 Lv. Columbia 7.45 p. m.
No. 19 L"**. Columbia 7.00 a. m.
No. 1 Lv. Columbia 12.10 p. m.
No. 21 Lv. Columbia 5.00 p. m.
No. 3 Lv. Columbia 12.20 a. m.
Trains 1 and 2, Florida-Cuba Special.
Trains 3 and 4, Seaboard Fast Mail.
Trains 18 and 36, Hamlet local. Trains
19 and 21 Savannah local. 4
Ticket Office 1225 Main St Phone j
574. C. E. Boisseau, Jr., City Ticket
Agts., Columbia S. C. J. S. Etchberger, |
Trav. Pass. Agent. C. W. Small, Dir.
Pass. Agt. Savannah, Ga.?Adv.
TO ALL TVHOX IT XAY C0XCEB5.
Please take notice that I, Florence
T. Lane, claim right of dower in lands
of James Jefferson Lane adjoining the
town of Newberry, S. C., recently sold
by mortgage foreclosure proceedings,
and hmiffht in bv the National Bank of
Newberry, S. C.
7-4-4t-f. Florence T. Lane.
For Union Academy. Term five
^months. Salary $40. Election will
be held on the first Saturday of August.
Applications may be filed with
cither of the undersigned.
C. L. Wilson,
Prosperity, RTF. D. J
J. C. Kinard,
D. W. Buzahrdt,
Kewberry, R. F. D.
The Best Hot Weather Tonic
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC enricher the
blood, builds up the whole system and will wonderfully
strengthen and fortify you to withstand
the depressing effect of the hot summer. 50c.