Newspaper Page Text
I The Gettysbi
' By Capt J. ^
\Capt. J. T. Duckett has kindly furnished
The Herald and News with ,
+ V./v fsOl nn-in or or-Hnlo r*r\r\ t r i Vm tprl TO !
lac iuiiu ?? 4115 ai biviv k,\S v* * ^ v>^ >- - ?
and published in the Hendersonville,
X. C., Western Democrat By Capt.
J. W. Wofford familiarly known as
To the Margeret Hayes Chapter,
U. D. C.
Having manifested so much interest ;
in aiding veterans to attend the great !
reunion recently held at Gettysburg,
I it was thought that this report of the j
trip should be made to your chapter, j
The delegation from this county, a j
fe jolly good humored and congenial
crowd, consisted of the following vet
erans: J. P. Johnson, J. H. West, J.
T. Williams, J. Harper Jonnson ana
J. W. Wofford. Tickets were furnished
a majority of them by your chapter.
We left here on Sunday preceding
the reunion, and passed in Virginia
rseveral towns that were familiar to
jus during the war, viz; Orange, Cul-j
kepper court house, Brandy station, J
Rlanassas, near where the two battles
first and second Manassas, were
fought. In one or the other we each
participated. In a few miles we cross
the historic Bull Run, we see Arling
r ton in the distance, tne nouse 01 uen- i
eral Lee. We soon reach Washington I
and after a short stay we take a spec- !
ial for Gettysburg ard ride most of
the way on the great Pennsylvania !
Railroad. It surpasses in speed and j
tcomfort any road that we had ever
t-ode on. About 4 p. m., on Sunday we
arrived at Gettysburg. We come to
a halt in the town, (the road runs j
through the town.) Instantly two or i
more boy scouts enter the coach.
"Keep your seats, gentlemen, don't
?" ?n + ?l h'q
m move iruiu v UUl acaw uum m, \-umv ,
for you." Slowly the train moves out!
I on a spur about 1-2 miles to the
| camp. We alight and get together by j
I States and march about one half mile, j
1 guided by the scouts, to tliat part of j
the camp assigned to North Carolina,,
and take possession of a large, com- j
KVmodious tent sufficient for eight per- j
sons, equipped with a cot, two blankJets,
two sheets, and two wash pans.
Al X TT'a lnnlf '
(11. ms Xlie urjjii-LCJaL. n ^
'around; 'tis a city of tents and covers
about thirty acres, at night lit up by
large electric lights, it is a sight to
behold. The Boy Scouts, of which
there are two thousand, are in evidence
everywhere to look after the
fc-elfare of veterans and are kind and
fcurtfeous in imparting information.
Bncerning the camp and appurtenances.
Half past six, the supper bell
clangs and we repair to the kitchen
at the head of the street, and are furW.
nished with a half gallon tin cup, a
large tin plate, knife, fork and spoon,
| .and pass by the large receptacles for
I the food, and are dished out the preI
pared meal in abundance. Falling
I l^k a few paces to the dining table,
K take your seat.
he next day a regular stream of
Bteraas from every section of the
Bintry pour out from the trains like
SHfles from a hive, until it is estimated
^9|t 50,000 veteranj are in camp.
'1 B&ey told us that 4,000 of the very best j
j^Books and waiters were employed in J
he camp. They certainly knew how j
Ro cook as no complaint was heard
Hrabout ill-prepared food. The arangements
were so complete that the
^^Lhole army of veterans could be serv
in one hour. The sanitary arOfO
nopfoot nrv foul I
I^ijCAAiAIUO ai% ?
jiells, no flies; kitchen and streets
at; medical arrangements could not
better; a veteran prostrated by
at or taken suddenly sick, in less
m ten minutes, he is on a comfortaf
i cot in a hospital and receives
satment. Three artesian wells are j
the' camp affording over a million '
I Ions daily, and piped along every
|et in camp, double faucets about
fcards apart, and ice water foun Bubbling
up about the same disPk
The kitchen or meal kits were
mi to- all veterans and highly prizby
them as souvenirs. The tents
,of the very best, and did not leak
krticle. Sc> much for the camp,
pw, how di3 we put in our time?
x 1? ?'" ninnr tit a t torori
IB* in me up-'* uiuS mj ovm-wkvvA,
0 the ground fought over the
By, some to the second and some
H third. Of course, that part
B^a man fought was the place he
Bed to see first.\ Markers were
ced and it was an easy matter to
ntify and tra<pc the movements
de by the different commands, to
I the sdrings/ and branches where
Ifcot our wa/ter just fiifty years I
Itodav. ED?w it brought up old
Plectionsy the places where the
t was lyottest, and where brave
m^-'fell. Then after tramping
Bt sun, a return to camp is
K much said about what was
Mrough the day, telling tales,
Bg jokes and being boys again,
H; the big tent and smaller ones,
gig to speeches and music., j
V resting in the shade on a
Bnound where Sickles had form- '
ed his advance line, in conversation
with a very intelligent Federal
sodier who had fought there, he
was asked this question. "This seems
to be a good line, why did you leave
"Just simply to keep from being an
nihilated. They got about two tnircis
of us anyway," he replied, with a
The next day we visited the more
important points of the field, such as '
High Water Mark, National Cemetery, j
Pennsylvania Monument that cost'
$150,000, the headquarters of Lee and 1
Mead and many others. The third day !
was spent very much like the other i
two in the meantime visiting other!
camps, hunting up old comrades, some j
of whom we had not seen since the j
<-v>q tt?o-r Tho fmir'h was Wil- I
1/1U3C Ui IUC nai. xuv tvut >.U .... |
son Day, and of course, we all who j
could, went, and at night the great:
fire works on top of little Round Top ,
was witnessed by thousands and thou- j
sands who came by railroad, auto and
I met two who fought Kershaw's
line of battle on the second, when the
following conversation took place:
"Comrade, did you fight hers?"
"Just where we are standing. By
jingo, we fought right here," pointing
to a monument about thirty yards distant.
Another gripping of hands ant! j
on we go.. Such scenes as these were j
taking place constantly. I verily be- J
lieve this reunion will clinch the sen-1
Vine- Kaon nrovailinp' tfl !
tllUCiit uiat uao uovu ^4 v> - - ,
to more or less extent for some time,
to give from the National treasury a
pension to Confederate soldiers. When
sounded, I believe that 49 out of 50
of the old federal soldiers woulcl endorse
By the way, Judge Clark, whom
many of us wanted to go to the United
Sta':es senate on this plattorm in j
the last election, visited our tent twice
while in camp and stated that he was;
still ?ghfj.*g for the measure and that
he would stop off in Washington and
shake thepi up a little. I think in a.
short time the matter will be tested j
and pensions granted, some wiseacres j
to the contrary notwithstanding, j
mi?? ~~c tjtoii tn /-?/ > i
jl iiere are sumc cuuuug uo ?en iu uu,
who are too proud to accept it, and
it hurts our cause forgetting the many
poor old fellows and their wives who
would be glad to jet it.
Not a word was said in all the j
speeches or conversations that was in
the least offensive or jarring to the j
most sensitive persons. Surely hari
It is useless for me to attempt td
describe this great battlefield. Suffice j
it to say, it is ground beyo-nd concep- ]
tion, the beauty of its natural scenery, (
enhanced now by upward of 500 taste- j
ful and elegant monuments marking
the positions occupied by troops.
There is no spot in the world connected
with, more memorable events than j
the thirty-five square miles of ground
which witnessed the terrible conflict1
between the Federal and Confederate
troops on the first, second and third
of July, 1863. There is but one Gettys-,
burg and it is without doubt the most
picturesque and interesting point in
America for either the soldier or citizen
to visit. Thousands from the old
-world visit it annually. Quite a number
of hotels and boarding houses
have sprung up to entertain them.
Gettysburg, during the battle, contained
about 1200 inhabitants. Now it
numbers upward of 5,000. The lines
of battle are marked by fine macadam
roads and where a battery of artillery
" "* H t- - -i-JLl _ iL
Stood daring me oauie, mere iiuw |
stands two cannon pointing as they
did then. All the woods and open,
fields are kept as they were then.
What I have written contains but a
brief outline of* a description of the
present camp and battlefield. What
good results are to follow this great;
gathering of the Blue and Gray, as I
see it?it wipes out the last vestige
of sectionalism and cements the
North and South as nothing else could
do. If you could have heard their
great bands amid the Confederate
camps play Dixie and other old war
time pieces and listen to some of their
hearty greetings, "How are you, old
comrade, so glad to see you, so glad
you accepted our invitation to come
up here so we could see you. You
thought you were right and like true
Americans as you are, you fought
and fought valiantly for that right,
and gave us enough. We wanted no
more. God bless you, old comrade."
All of this endorsing the sentiment
expressed by President Lincoln, (as
he stood upon the rock wall when he
went to Gettysburg on the occasion of
laying the corner stone at the federal
cemetery. "There were no
slouches out there, (pointing towards
the Confederate position,) and I am
glad to b? the countryman of those
oldiers who assailed these /heights."
Whenever you went upo:i the field
i For V
(Leesvilie - Batesbu
Offers a Liberal Education
Rooms furnished with
bureau, washstand, chairs
Electric lights, steam h<
A beautiful, safe and r=
Next Session Beg
For further information
Rev. P. E. Monroe, Lee*
you were met by old federal soldiers
and upon seeing your "Cross of Honor,"
you had to stop and talk with,
them. Close to 50,000 soldiers were
killed and wounded in this battle,
more than the combined losses in the
American Revolution and Mexican
Almost all writers on Gettysburg
have something to say about who was
~ y* sviovt fli/lA T ViOT'n O 1 XX* Q 17 c
LU Uiamc UU UUl Blue. i uaib U?" V.J
held to this that Longstreet was the
cause of Lee's failure on the third day
by r-ot coming to time on the second
day. If you believe Fitz. Lee, Pendleton,
Early, Wilcox or Gen. Long, then
Longstreet was ordered to open the
battle very early in the day. This he
did not do until about the middle of
the afternoon and then as Hood's battallions
of gray are moving down
upon Little Round Top, Gen. Warren
thp situation and rushes troons
<z> - ?? ? ?.
on the summit in sufficient numbers
to hold it. How easy it is to take it in
our possession any time in the forenoon
and with it in our possession
all the strongholds of Mead's lines
would have been destroyed and he
would have been forced to have waged
the fight^ somewhere else, where
positions would have been more favorable
to our side. Any one standing
upon Round Top can see this for
Warren's statue is standing on a
large boulder on top of little Round
Top, visible for a long distance. Many
monuments are yet to be erected on
the field. Arrangements are being
made to erect an equestrian statue of
Gen. Lee Just across the road on
Ceme'erv Ridge in front of where
stands tfcat of Gen. Meade.
Well, the war was finally ended. We
did not win. I am glad we didn't,
we are now a reunited country, strong
in every respect that goes to make up
a mighty nation, with no superior one
the face of the earth, slavery abolished.
Without the war, that would have
been done any wky; it was tottering
on its last legs wfaen the war came.
Was Lee's army whipped at Gettysburg?
I do not believe now, -neither
did I then, that the army was a whip
ped army, but more or a drawn cattle.
The first day they were driven
back through the town of Gettysburg
with two corporals literally torn to
pieces, to a position on Cemetery
Ridge. On the second, Sickles with
his command, takes a position way
out in front of w.here Meade had told
him. Greely says Sickles was spoiling
for a fight and didn't believe
* J ?? rrrvn "Ko /"?lr
iivieaae was. oivjiuetj was un>cu uavn
by McLaws and Hood's division with
heavy losses to the enemy. So in the
first and second both sides agree that
we got the best of it, and on the third,
that by the prestige of the day's fighting,
Lee thought he could break the
centre and rout the whole army and
the assault was made by Pickett's division
and a few other brigades, about
one-eight or ninth of his forces, and
failed to accomplish the desired result.
Having Dretty well exhausted
his heavy ammunition he thought - it
prudent to withdraw. The balance of
the army was in splendid condition.
The army remains there another day,
no assault was made upon them, they
surely did not consider then that our
army was badly defeated. Our army
quietly withdrew without baggage
and ammunition back to and near the
river and find it too swollen to cross.,
and there formed our line of battle,
threw down the gauntlet and awaited
their coming for several days. They
never came. I read recently an article
from one close to Gen. Meade, in
which he says there was about that
time a council of war held. The corps
commanders with but one exception
insisted on following up and renewing
the battle while the river was high.
Meade would not consent to give the
irg, South Carolina.)
i under Positive Christian
Expenses Very Moderate
mmvtrfVnrt t T3c?rl
V V-/X J
, art square, rugs, linen, etc.
sat, sewerage, hot and cold
ins September 16
address the President,
mile or Batesburg, S. C,
order and pressed for his reasons
said this: "I have Just read a copy of
a communication to President Davis
from Gen. Lee in which he says that
he has the situation well in hand and
can repell any attack made upon him,
'Lee never makes any misrepresenta|
The morals of the army was good,
the position was good, their spirits
were high, they were hungry and mad
and my impression then and now was
that if Meade had given battle he
would have got a licking long to be
remembered. Lee crosses the river and
in Virginia he iton sends his
first corps, Longstreet, to reinforce
Bragg at Chickamauga, and with the
other part of his army he confronts
I and hods back the victorious feder
al army, sc-called, till the coming of
Grant at Wilderness. This doesn't
look like a much defeated army. The
true reason for falling back after the
third day.jwas. simply this: Waat of
y ammunition. It; iad been pretty
well exhausted the last day and
the risk was too great to stay there
without it. Now. really is there not a
little bit too much gush about the
great turning point, the "high water
mark," and the great victory at
! Gettysburg, the "back bone of the rebellion
j Grant surely didn't believe all this
talk after his conflict with Lee's army
at Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Deep
Bottom, Petersburg and other places.
- ' * * x ? i.1 i. i."L. ~
It was in tne wesi, not in uie east me
sapping process began and the end
came for the want of bread.
I have written this because it is
We rturn to our homes after the
great reunion glad that we went and
those who did not go missed by far
the greatest occasion of its kind that
the world has ever seen since its creation.
Third Attempt to Take Premier's
House.?Police Blocked More.
London, Aug. 10.?The third attempt
of suffragettes under command
of Sylvia Pankhurst to take Premier
Asquith's house in Downing street by
storm failed today when the militant
leader was cornered by police after a
stiff fi^ht in whinS the officers used
Tke trouble began after a mass
meeting under the auspices of the
free speech defense committee, call-,
ed to demand the unconditional release
by George Lansbury, former socialist
member of the house of commons,
who was sentenced July 30 to
three month's imprisonment for making
inflammatory speeches, but was
released August 2 under the "cat and
* /vn n y-v" ft TTT Vl 11 /-* An O Vl 11 COT? Qt T^lrP
Ill JUOC CL\J L *Y uiic Ull u uuu^vi
Crowd is Stirred.
Miss Pankhurst had refused an invitation
to address this meeting when
informed she would not be permitted
to urge her hearers to march upon
Downing street. Free speech orators
advised the crowd not to attack the
premier's residence but at the close
of their meeting Miss Pankhurst
mounted the plinth of the Nelson col
limn and in fiery words ordered ner
sympathizers to follow her.
Hatless, her hair doubled close to
her head, the young militant started
down Whitehall, surrounded by wo-,
men carrying the Women's Social and
Political union flag and preceded by
a flying wedge of dock mer. and other
husky East Enders. The police allowed
the procession to leave Trafalgar
square and then fell in behind.
The suffragette sympathizers saw the
reason for this move when they encountered
a battle line of heavy policemen
drawn across Whitehall at the
Horse Guards, the office of the in
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Prosperity, S. C. 129th
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The constant Itching, burning, redness,
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S> BARBECUE NOTICES. <8> "E
We will furnish a first class Bar- aAj]
becue at Peak, S. C., on August 16th,
Come one and al and hajve a good
time and enjoy yourselves. "
L. A. Ellisor, ^J1
W. G. Sloan.
spector general. "waznl
- - -r* 1- . J SUIB8 i
JLine is nusneu. i
The militants rushed this line with |
such courage that a few of them penetrated
the first cordon, where the JO
fight became so fierce that the police Jjjj
used their clubs. Reserves appeared
and Sylvania Pankhurst and five .other
women and nine men were arrested 13/
and taken to the police station in taxicabs.
n:-' A z fo + o nf their ten''
i JLUSiieai leueu <IL tuc ?v-..- .
leader, the mob sullenly dispersed, j
The police cleared the streets with
unusual roughness, the mounted officers
riding down women and childdren
without discrimination. One of rpQ ^
the suffragettes, a Miss Cook, who car- mQ
ried a banner, said Miss Pankhurst ^pp]jca
was badly injured during the melee. un(jersi
The actions of the late allies must
make the Sultan feel like doing the
turkey trot these days.
When a man begins to feed on flattery
compliments become the necessities
of life. 7-28-J
booklet J/ fyWn
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th Carolina's Oldest College
Year Begins September 26th.
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four year courses lead to the
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le tuition scholarship is assign
ach county of the State.
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idjJDS3Q puB swud aoj
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pjjy 4J3AO[3 UOSU1113
JOJ ua^zvnbpvsu are
13 idtpo JO UOWOO *tU03 JO BupJJOM.
cp 3B JO Xcj UMCS 9q UB3
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fp99# UMJS )l9||JBO 0lf}
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ij p|pua|ds t?)|8ui os|B
9A0JdlU| ||OS |0 8u|>| Bill
iach Fork School No. 55, term
nfchs, salary $40.00 per month.
nts may apply to either of the
gned on or before August 16,
J. B. Livingston,
Pomaria, S. C.
S. R. Metts,
Prosperity, S. C.
Pomaria, S. C.
i ' l