Newspaper Page Text
||}e JtrolB and Jems.
Entered at the Postoffice XT^w<rry,
S. C., as 2?d class matter.
E. H. AULL, EDITOR.
Tuesday, November 25, 1913.
Of course Gov. Blease is opposed to j
assisting in the campaign of tick era- !
'ication. Why shou'dn't he be? What1
1oes 'Ire care whether the cattle growers
of this State lose over $1,000,000
a year, or whether they can secure,
*hrniigrh co-oDeration, $40,000 from the
'ederal treasury to fight this most dis- i
astrous and harmful pest? His evi- j
*icism of such a tax is but in due \
keeping with his "record"?and yet
ie asks the honor of representing
+he Palmetto State in the United States
The Herald and News did not understand
t'liat Gov. Blease is opposed ,
to the eradication or me came uw,
or of carrying on the work in this
State. The Herald and News is heartily
in favor of this work and we think
:t means a great deal for the S^ate.
We advocated it years ago and, as !
stated in a former issue, we were in- j
?strumental in getting the first appropriation
through the legislature to carry
on this work. We rather endors
ed the position taken by Gov. Blease
fn the interview referred to, and that
;s the reason for our comment at this j
time. As we understood t!h'e statement
of the governor it was a question of
whether or not this work might not
be done through Cle^son college rather
than by direct appropriation from j
the funds of the State. It was in this j
view that we agreed with the gover- j
There is no more important work in j
which the State can engage than m tfoe
encouragement of cattle growing and |
Ao that end the work of eradicating
the cattle tick has been carried on.
It seems to us that with the funds
at the disposal of Clemson college and ,
'he work in wmcn tne college is en- .
gaged that it is eminently proper that
Ahe eradication of the cattle tick
ihould be taken .up through the college
in co-operation with the federal
government. We understand that the .
federal government is to co-operate in
tnis worK ana m iaci it is aone unaer , .
the direction of officers of the federal |
government. We all need to pull together
in this work.
There is likely to be something doing
in Columbia now. The State
newspaper charged in an editorial the!
other day that there were open bar-!
rooms in the city. Gov. Blease has \
written the editor to furnisfa' the names
and the svidence and he will pull.
. . ...
them ana nave warrants issuea at
once and do his duty to stop the vio-.
lation of the law. Now let the State
produce the evidence upon which it
bases the charges in the editorial.
There are frequently those who will
talk about the violations of the law
and wfiien asked to furnish the evi- j
dence they shy .at the suggestion and
say that is not their business. It may
not be but if they have the evidence
and want to see the violation of the
law stopped why not produce the witnesses.
Wonder if city council saw our suggestion
about providing better fire '
escapes for the opera house. It is a
very important matter. It may never
be necessary to have them but if the
occasion should arise it would be
fearful to be without them. No use to
lock the stable after the horse has
We notice that he city has painted
the slow down to four miles the hour
signs in white black ground and black
letters so that they may be seen. Now.
K's up to t;':e city authorities to enforce
the law or repeal it. It is a very
difficult job to pull some cars down to
four miles the hour. That is a pretty
It seems that the appointment of district
attorney and marshal is to "-e
postponed until the next congrc^s
hav3 opportunity to create r *.cond
or western district in South Carolina
so 'hat there may be two dis! -t atto?~evs
and two m?rshals ara each
Un! Stat" senator mny " C ta<
nrrr'^g of e er-'-:. " d-.
sia: it rrally r
need or any reason for two districts I
further than the giving of each sena- !
cor the naming of one attorney and j
one marshal. In other words in order
to break the deadlock in the appointments
congress will pass a special
act creating two jobs. It's mighty ;
fine when you stand \n with the pow- ,
? i i -l. n .3_ ,a *?i? i
ers. Ana just as wen uu it <tuu wne i
care of your friend?. The people will
think more of you.
Had you seen our new hat? Somehow
The Herald and News never
looked natural without the old head
and so we had a new one made, a j
duplicate of the old one. Hope you
Glad to see something is being done
to the extension of College stTeet
from the postoffice to Mayor Wright's, j
Do it right while you are at it.
is thanksgiving day. We
will print The Herald and News
Thursday morning and the office will
be closed the remainder of the day
except to take in subscriptions.
All advertisements and news items
and correspondence for Friday's pa- |
per must be in the office some time i
during the day on Wednesday.
iNeat in appearance is the first issue
of the State Gazette, the latest ex- j
change to come to The Herald and ,
News office. Ethelb^rt L. Bair is the
editor and it is published at Mt. Plea
sant, by the sea. It is full of breezy'
and interesting matter, with a pinch
of salt in the breeze, coming from the
"It is a pleasure to know tihat the j
honor has been conferred . upon Mr. '
Wilson, who will in turn give the very
best service of a mature and well
trained mind to the college."
This is what the Abbeville Press
and Bann^- says in an editorial on
the election of Mr. Hugh Wilson as a!
trustee of Erskine college. The Her-,
aid and News takes pleasure in endorsing
the views and also reproduc- j
Ing the concluding remarks:
"Wa'iI TTi#>t. Wft r?nn 2Tatulate Mr.
Wilson on the honor. We congratulate
the board on its acquisition of Mr.
We notice that Senator Tillman
has cornored the market on Webster's !
bine back snellers and is eroine to
send some of them to his friends. We
would like to have a copy of that
book. If we had our way we would I
put this book in the schools today.
And we would try to get a copy of,
Smith's grammar and have it taught
in the schools. If Mr. W. H. Hand
should see this comment we know he
would almost have a nervous chill,
therefore, we would suggest that the
paper be kept from his eye. Our
children need to be taught to spell
and to sneak and write Enerlish cor
The new scfhool building at Jalapa
has been completed and the school
moved in on Tuesday. It is a nice and
neat building and the district has a
three acre lot. It is so arranged that
the two rooms may be turned into one.
J. T. Mayes and Co., are the sole
agents for the N. S. A. flour and In<^ior>o
Vlltl AM.4 U.
Go to Gilder and Weeks to see txie
player piano to be given as 1st prize
in The H>ra!d and News conttest December
E. M. Lane and company make a
specalitv of Chase and Sandoms brand
coffee and tea, whirl".] are included in
the special prize to be gixen November
29 in The Herald and News contest
by this firm.
flno rvf +Vt o mnot nninno o A nnnfnl
vwv VJ. wuv iiivow uuxv^ug anu IIOCIUX
prizes in "this weks specials" for The
Herald and News contestants is the
sack of U. S. A. brand flour.
INCOME TAX LAW.
Author of the H" Full Explanation.
'-. -j'-rv T- -art^ont is proparip,r
f ? '' cf " est">'is concTnln.T
the new ncome t .. rv,;'*!ne -hit this
fent1 o* the tir !'f hr' about he
ooto ',"v "tr'ko- W^m^ly ct
thu tax saving ciL': 'Mn do the in
,r~ect in 3s collccte thresh ru?:oms
One of the f 'st s; ^ v':1l bo o d:sribir
incorrc- tax throuprh
ees, :n' "> ral r ~ oflTros and
However, the fact that a blank or a :
request to pay ihe tux has not been
received will not exempt a taxable per- i
son from the penalties of the law.
Representative Hull of Tennessee
who drew :ne income tax provision of
-"U ~ u:il 1 nnf niO f\ Ck TMlhllA Q
Lilt; Uill, last III uioua; mauc unv, ??.
detailed explanation of the tax plan I
as ic will touch the individual citizen.
"The treasury regulations soon to
be prepared will make clear to every
tax payer the requirements of the law
and its application to income derived
from tae various kinds of business,"
said Mr Hull," "tAny person who Keeps
familiar with his business affairs during
the year should have no difficui:y
in executing nis tax reiurn.
"The income tax is divided into two
phases, the 'normal' tax of one per
cent on the whole income above
$3,000 and the additional tax chat be- !
gins with an extra one per cent above
$20000 and is graduated to six per cent
above $500,000. Wherever the income
tax is paid 'at the source' by a corp
oration for its employes or in similar
cases, only tile one per cent normal is
so paid. The individual has to pay any i
additional tax himself. The provisions
of the law requirng tne tax to be
withheld at the source does not take j
effect until November 1, 1913.
."For the first year the citizen will
make return to the local internal rev- i
enue collector before March 1, 1914,
as to his earnings from March 1, 1913,
to the end of this year. Tne collector j
will notify him June 30. After next
year the tax will apply on full calendar
"Tf tViQ innAKia nf n nprsnn is nnripr
$3,000, or if the tax on same is withheld
for payment at the source, or if
the same is to be paid elsewhere in the
Uniied States, affidavit may be made
to such fact and thereupon no return !
will be required.
"The tax covers all incomes of citizens
of the United States, whether
living here or abroad; those of foreigners
living in the United States
and the net incomes from property
owned or business carried on in the
United States by persons living
"The 'net income' includes all incomes
from salaries or any compensation
for personal services; incomes
from trades, professions, business or
commerce, from sales or dealings in
personal property or real estate,
* A 9 t 3 3
irom mceres-t, rent, aiviaena ana se- ,
curities from all lawful business
carried on for gain.
"Bequests will Dut be considered
incomes, nor will life insurance paid
to a beneficiary or returned to the insured
person as a 'paid up' or surrendered
pplicy' be taxable. Interest
on such property will be included
as income, however.
"The amount that may be deducted '
from a total income includes the cos',
of carrying on business, actual' losses,
depreciation allowances and tax exempt
or tax paid money.
"T.ivfnp' Mnpnups rannnt. he deduct
ed, nor can money spent for ?permanent
improvements to property.
"The form that is to be filled out
by the tax-payer soon will be drawn
up by the commissioner of internal
revenue. The tax-payer will have to
give his gross revenue and then specify
and claim the deductions to which
he feels entitled. Unless a man's income
tax is 'paid at the source' he
must hunt up a tax blank, fill it out
and see that it find* its way to the
proper official in his district before
March 1, 1914.
"Firms, corporatons and the like
having the handling of interests,
rents, salaries or other portions of the
income of any citizen are compelled
to. deduct the tax for the individual
and pay it to the government.
"The individual then will get a receipt
showing he has paid his tax."
\ Of BE ItS ONE irUNDHEB
fC^YTP'UE-D FROM PAGE 1.)
and battery, and given three years
Xel on. rrjah. colored, conv'ctef
A:kr ^e' ^ try, 1907. of hr-^lary
larco^v. and given ten years.
Ne;l S?.w colore! " .;
Ma"*" * Trre, 1912, of rape, second
coun + ^commendation to v
and ^"vpn fve years.
Mo~ ""y, S""Me. white, convici^d T
191? * T'~ saw. of assa: " ?n^
terv - 'h intent to kill, and given one
Mor-1"' .To^h, colored, convict"
Che-tt - M"-ch, 1909. of assault an.-'
battrr- \v-+' intent to kill, an.i cr\"
cn fov=-i yours. ;
M" Tohn, colored, convicted in
PI' ~ -"nry 1013. oe gar^b1'-.
ri'-.o' Nriduct r^d
rr'1 to reformatory.
"*7 rri. colored, convicted i::
A p"^'cn^er. 19^"*
> \?nr? v c
1 1 : L -' i ' v - r? ^
i-uv --rui. Pr "ton. ooloa
, > AivC". 0"tC
;!v.i7f'-Nrr*l "iven seven years.
T,o?u Wil" colored, convicted in
v^artani/urg. 1 ::gust. 7931. of man
-laughter, and t von e-ght years.
Leake, Vandolf, colored, convicted
in Laurens, January, 1907, of murder
with recommendation, and given life, i
Jones, Tom, colored, convicted in
Laurens, January, 1908, of manslaughter,
and sentenced to ten years'
Jones, Jain, colored, convicted in
Cherokee, October, 1907, of manslaughter
and given + wenty years.
Jones, Henry, colored, convicted iii
Richland, January, 1911, of housebreaking
and larceny, and given two
years for housebreaking and larceny
and one year each ^n three cases of
Johnson, Walter, colored, convicted
in Greenville, May, 1912, of assault and
battery with intent to kill, and given
Tonnh R wVia in
O C tc 1 f 9 * O^/V/ VJ f * ? 11 A UVj VV JLA ? * VW'U ***
Lexington, January, 1913, of resisting
officer and assault and battery wit:t intent
to kill, and given two years.
Jefferies, John, colored, convicted in
Cherokee, October, 1909, of burglary
and larceny, and gi'*en five years.
James, W. C., white, convicted in
Georgetown, November, 1905, of
manslaughter and given ten years.
Jaggers, William, colored, convicted
in York, 1900, of murder with recommendation,
and given life.
-Tnnksnn Willie, colored, convicted
in Edgefield, March, 1910, of burglary
and larceny, anc^ given five years.
Huff, Richard, colored, convicted in
I^aurens, May, 1907, of murder with
recommendation, and given life.
Holmes, Will, colored, conviced in
Edgefield, March, 1905, of manslaughter,
and given ten yearj.
Hemphill, Letaia, white, convicted in
Chester, October, 1910, of murder with
recommendation, and given life..
Hatchell, W. A., white, convicted in
TVirltntrtnn Qontomhor 1 Q13 f>f nil
J-/CV1 1111? \.\JXly WU4 5 W*. W
taming goods by false pretenses, and
sentenced to twelve months.
Green, Jimmie, colored, convicted in
Orangeburg, September, 1912, of assault
and battery with intent to kill,
and given two years.
Graham, Arthur, colored, convicted
in Grenville, May, 1907, of manslaughter,
and given fifteen months, i
Goins, Charlie, white, convicted in J
Williamsburg, June, 1913, of larceny
of live sock, and given one year.
Gillis, D. A., colored, convicted in
Barnwell, June, 1905, of manslaughter,
and sentenced to thirty years.
Gibbs, Maxie, colored, convicted in
Marion, October, 1910, of assault and
battery with intent to kill, and given '
Fuller, Horton, colors, convic:ed in
Abbevlle, February, 1912, of man-1
slaughter, and given three years.
Freeman, William, colored, convicted
in Charleston, February, 1912, of
burglary and larceny, and given
Fisher, Sam B., white, convicted in
Anderson, June, 1912, of manslaughter,
and given three years.
Elrod, Thomas, white, convicted in !
pickens, February, iyiz, or muraer
with recommendation, and sentenced
Edwards, Tom, colored, convicted in
Abbeville, June, 1909, of murder with
recommendation, and sentenced for j
Cuffy, John, colored, convicted in
Greenville, November, 1910, of murder,
and sentenced to be hanged. Former
Governor Ansel commuted sentence
to ten years.
Craig, Barber, colored, convcted in \
Lancaster, March, 1909, of manslaugh- j
ter, and given ten years.
Cox, Leland, white, convicted in
Oconee, March, 1912, of aggravated assault
and battery, and given three
j cai o.
Connelly, Robert, colored, convicted
in Bamberg, March, 1909, of murder
wih recommendation, and sentenced
Comer, John, alias Sweet Comer,
colored, convicted in Union, February,
1912, of manslaughter, and given five
Cobb. Julius, and Cobb, Daniel,
colored, convicted in Dorchester.
April, 1910, of manslaughter and giv
cn eight years each.
Chumlev, Leo, and Chumley, Frank,
\v?:>'te, convicted in Spartanburg, November,
1912, and given two and three
years, respectively, for housebreaking
Choice, Lawrence, alias Buss Choice,
r'ored. convicted in Greenville, January,
1901, of murder, and sentenced
to be hanged. Former Governor Ansel
?.1 sentence to life imprisonment.
barter, Henry, colored, convicted in
^4- ^ V? 1 QAQ i o-V? xxr o XT y*/"\V*_ '
i>cu;ucif i t/vu, ui^u n aj i vw .
- i.nd larceny, and given eight
1 TT or T ester Bryant,
' Ti-o "onvieted in Greenville. Sepvo'
"'911. of manslaughter, and
f!ven five years.
'"cw, Robert, colored, convicted ir>
-r-Y^ton, June, 1910, of burglary
^iy. nnd givr-n five years.
n^i-nston. June. 1912 oe aor
< Vtf-ery with intent to "kill,
n three years.
rolled, convicted in
* March. 1911, of nnd
battery with intent to kill, and g'von
Bennett, Elisha, colored, convicted
in Lee, March, 1909, of murder with
recommendation, and sentenced for
Anderson, John, colored, convicted
In Greenwood, July, 1907, of manslaughter,
and given twelve years.
*1 t t ? ; ? a ? .i
Aiversuii, .jerry, cuiuieu, cuuvicieu
in Spartanburg, July, 1906, of murder
wiii recommendation, and sentenced
Allen, Bud, colored, convicted in
Aiken, February, 1912, of rape, with
recommendation to mercy, and given
Grooms, Morgan, white, convicted in
Orangeburg, September, 1912, of grand
larceny, with recommendation to mercy,
and given eight months.
Collins, Floyd, white, convicted in
Spartanburg, November, 1911, of larceny
and forgery, and given five
Davis, Jim, colored, convicted in
Richland, September, 1904, of burglary
and larceny, and given ten
Hamilton, Julius, white, convicted
in Clarendon, January, 1913, of obtain- j
ing' goods by false pretenses, and !
given twelve months.
Lawson, Robert, white, convicted in i
Laurens, January, 1913, of manslaughter,
and given five years.
Lowe, Soverign, white, convicted in
Aiken, February, 1906, of murder wiih ;
recommen<3ation, and sentenced for,
Scruggs, Jack, convicted in Spar-j
tanburg, July, 1907, of -murder "with i
recommendation, and sentenced for
Stevenson, James, colored, convicted
in C'nesUer, April, 1910, of murder
with recommendation, and sentenced
! Swindler, Tom, colored, convicted in
'Newberry, November, 1908, of murder!
with recommendation, and sentenced
for life. j
| Williams, Henry, colored, convicted :
in Richland, February, 1908, of murder
with recommeildaton, and sentenced
for life. ' i
Farr, Hutson, alias Hutson Williams,
colored, convicted in Greenville,
June, 1904, of murder with recommen-1
dation, and sentenced for life.
irt+oro William -wiiifp rnnvir?tpd in i
Richland, January, 1913, of rape, "with |
recommendation to mercy, and given
Britton, W. C., white,, convicted in
Greenville, January, 1909, of murder
with recommendation, and given life.
The following commutations of sentence
will be granted:
Kelley, J. R., whicte, convicted in
Darlington, February, 1913, of as
sault and battery with intent to kill
and given ten years?five years suspended
during good behavior, after
service of five years.
Lark, George, colored, convicted in
Laurens, September, 1913, of violation
of dispensary law, and sentenced to,
pay $250 or serve eight months?
sentence commuted to fine of $125
or eight months^
The following pardon will be grant-)
ed: . '(
Hinson, J. E., white, convicted in
Marlboro, March, 1913, of aggravated
assault and battery, and sentenced to
serve six months.
Reasons in dewberry Cases.
Peigler, Wallace, and Peigler, Rub-'
en?"Petitions these cases were presented
by Col. James G. Long, of Union,
S. C., the defendants having formerly
lived in Union. Uhe petition says
"that those boys are nineteen and
twenty years of age, respectively, and
we respectfully submit that this sentence,
for their first offense, is excessive.
Wherefore, we respectfully
petition your Excellency, to examine
il- 3 ' ?r?/? f A flvorpico
me recoxu uercm, auu i,yj vtaww?>,
your clemency in the pardon or parole
of these two unfortunate boys." This
petition is signed by Col. James G.
Long, Jr.; Senator Macbeth Young;
Dr. J. G. Going, and by about sixtyfive
of the other good citizens of
Union county. Also, by C. E. Eison;
P. B. Odell; T. E. Eison; B. S. Hardy;
S. A. Jeter; F. W. Fant; Mag. R. M.
Aughtry, and many other citizens, of
Newberry county, living in the
vicinity wftere the crime-was committed.
The defendants having served a
year of the sentences imposed upon
them, and in view of the petitions presentted,
hey "were granted paloles,
during good behavior, November
25 th, 1913."
The Tom Boston Case.
"Petition was presented by Mr. J.
R. Irwin, of Chappells, S. C., accompanied
by the following letter:
"Cliarpclls. S. C., Nov. 24, 1913.
Gov. Cole. L. Blease:
Pear Governor: I Nam enclosing to
you a petit'on which will, in part, expin
in ILfc-1 f. brt "n order to make it
a little more explicit/ I will give you
the fr.cl- rep' as T rrn relate them.
Tho prr'irs were Lid:e Spearman,
alias Jr.-or:. was r?'ie concubine
Thorn - ^osicr and she was cook!
'_ ' W. rt. S- ' n. Sr Thpr*o aroQO
sc "ble -0t - ?en T^rts Er."",i pr 1
THE FOUR ESSENTIALS
in an up to-date candy store
j Neatness, 1
Complete Line ]
W/ bUtlUMI U ? 1 1V\ Of
They are found at
n l n. ^ -
candy otore. 1
"WHERE QUALITY COUNTS" J
Lidie, and on the night of the assault, ?
was made, there was a little show at *
Chappells, S. C., and Tom Boston fl
and Lidie Spearman attended the show m
and Mr. W. R. Smith's little girl and I
some other children were also at the
show. Lidie and Tom renewed their
quarrel at the sTnow, and when , the
show closed, Tom w<mt ahead and as fl
Lidie and these white children came^J
by him, he attacked Lidie and threw a
rock which struck her and glancecH
and slightly grazed Blanche, the
'tie white girl, which is my gran
daughter. This happened on the pub-W
lie highway. You will see Mr. SmittJ
Sr., was the first to sign the petition?
saying thereby he is satisfied. Alscfl
the girl's brother and myself. We alnj
feel he has been puDished sufficiently.?
Tom has been an obedient and faiti-H
ful servant, having lived with . mea
for four years before . this?
happened and I understand has beeiJ^^|
a good prisoner and is now a trustJM
on the chain gaag. He ftad no one tfl
help him in the case as the girls werM
our people we could not afford to*
show him any favor at the time, so 1
let him go to court without any legal M
or other assistance.
Most respectively, J|
(Signed) J. R. Irwin." fl
' ''The petition asking for clemency isfl
signed by W. R. Smith, Sr.; W. CM
Keith; M. P. Allen; W. J. HollowayJBB
W. 0. Holloway; J. L. Holloway; JlB
H. Johnson; W. 1A. Wtebb; T. T. Reid;fl
W. R. Reid, Magistrate; W. R. Smith^j
Jr.; A. P. Coleman, in the fact almost V
all of the citizens of Chappells' depot,
including those wftio seem to be A
mostly interested in the matter.
"Upon the showing presented in be-B
half of the defendant, he has beeiafl
granted a parole, during good behaM
ior, November 25th, 1913."
George Wilson Case.
"In this case the evidence of all J|
witnesses, both for the State and n
the defense, was to the effect that tin
poor, unfortunate negro was subje<H
to epileptic fite. On the day of thl
- * ?vJH
commission or me oueiiae ui wuivu ut^M
was convicted, he and his wife andfl
several other negroes were on their 1
way from their house to the field U?A
go to their usual work. This nen
was walking along with his arM
around his wife, and the wbole crowfl
was singing. George and his wiiB
were walking some little distanc?
ahead of the other negroes, and as h9
went through a hot sand bed he wasV
?nrUli Ana nf thoQol
suuaeiiiy wivcu mtu uuv v<.
severe fits threw his wife into
road, and grabbed a piece o firooB
rock which was lying near and tri?
her in the bead, causing her JeaM
Immediately upon striking the hi!
the testimony shows, he himself V
backwards, and for some minutes'sH
fered fearfully from the effects of tfl
epilepsy. The defense put up was ifl
sanity. The jury convicted him S
murder and recommended him to meiB
? 1? tno in r? era
cv, wiieicuiTvuj. juuS^ uvu>.v>.v>_
him to life imprisonment in the Sta^^^^fl
"There certainly was no mid?
ground. If the negro was respon^M
for his offense it was a cold-blocM
calculated murder, and foe should fc9
been hanged. If he was not responH
ble on account of this epileptic fit, M
should not have been convicted of a9
offense, but should have been confinB
in the State hospital for the insaM
"However. r? has been conflnedl
the State penitentiary, at hari^a^B
since the 18th day of AprW
wr>'cn, m my opinion. is uiuijic^^^h
ment, in any view of tfce ca^B
tT^e offeree which he committed*
"Therefore, in a spirit of faiafl
and of mercy. I have this day gfl
M thi *> r>oor, unfortunate negro, I
ro orp to help him, and no S
to st>?pV him, a parole du
his gnoi behavior."