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VOLl'JiE L1I, NUMBER 40. ' XEWBEKHV, S. C? KlilPAV. MA Y Ji?. 11111. TWICE A AVEEK, $1.:.0 A TEAK.
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PRIMARY REFORM BEFORE
TWO YEARS IN STATE, SIX
MONTHS IN COINTY.
(lnl> Rolls Close Thirty Days Before
Election?Main Features <>i
Changes in Rules.
Special to The Herald and News.
Columbia, May 21.?The Sr-te con"ven'ion
reassembled at 10 >'clock this
rjorni.:g and took a recess until 12
f o'clock to wait for the report of the
rules commit ee. T.io rule.-, committee
had be^-a in se^-'o.i practically
al) night and could not finish its report
until noon tJday. Two reports
were submitted, the majority r?poit
embodying waa: has come to-be known
as theN"Greenville" plan with certain
k amendments, and the minority submit*
ting a report which adhered more
closely to the present rules of the
A lively debate was provoked upon
:he adcption of the rules, and at 3:i~>
the convention is still in session without
having recessed for dinner.
The main fight was upon the difference
between the majority and the mi^
nority as to the time which a voter
| should live in the Scate and county.
The majority report recommended
two years residence in the State, one
year in county, and 60 days in i;he
precinct. The minority recommended
one year in Sate and only
_ -i- - ^~
Six montiis m iue uuuuc^. ?vn.u an
oevrwhelming majority against tbem,
the minority forced a compromise providing
for two years in State, only six
months in county and 60 days in the
OCher impo1- tant changes which i; appears
the convention will make in the
hpifnrp final adjournment this
afternoon include the personal enrolment
cf voters on the club lists, and
for the closing of the club rolls 30
days before the primary. /
The rules as they will probably be
^dop:ed will require an absolutely
^ new enrolment this year.
At 4:15 ihis afternoon the convention
was still in session.
Columbia, May 20.?Crowded galler-!
ies looked down on the exercises to
day incia *uc to im Diemnai mestmg
of the Democratic State convention.
The convention was called to order
at no,on in the hall of the house of representatives
by John Gary Evans, retiring
chairman of the S:ate Democratic
executive committee. James A.
Hoyt was chosen as temporary president,
being nominated by Christie Benet,
of Columbia. He was elected unanimously
and was escorted to the
ch ur by Christie Benet, J. E. McDonald
and J. L. Glenn.
The roll of each county was called
where there was no contest. This left
out Charleston county. When Georgetown
was reached Mr. Williams, of
Aiken, said he knew of no precedent
for allowing a county double its representation
and allowing each delegate
one-half vote each. Senator Clifton
wanted the Georgetown delegation
seated just as they were sent, but
a motion by Senator Alan Johnstone
that the roll of the counties had not
been completed, and therefore the convention
was still not organized, wafc
sustained by the chair and the matter
~~~ ~ ^ * v, ^ rwf a lin r?rvn _
went UV Cl ALxU. i.uc i Uli wt iauvvu
tested counties was completed.
A renewal of the Georgetown question
was had when the temporary roll
was completed, and President Hoyt
put the question, "Shall the Georgetown
delegation be seated with 12
ej delegates with one-half vote each?"
This was lost and the matter was
then ordered referred to the committee
When Charleston county was reached
on the first roll call Mayor John P.
Grace, who occupied the seats with
Ibis ('elegat'on in the section assigned j
to Charlp?f-n on the floor, arose and |
handed in VTs list. Mr. Benet sent up
the lis o.' th Bar.) well delegation, an
an effort of Mr. Grace to get recogni
tion was cut sh rt by the chair's rul
ing tha no delegate :rom Charlesto
would be recognized and tha the ma
ter would go to the committee on ere
R. v. K. G. Finlay, rector of Trinit;
Episcopal church, opened tile conven
tion with prayer. M. M. Mam?, G. (
Taylor and R. B. Sloan were appoint
ed .emp'-rary secretaries.
1 :e conven. ion adj urned until 1. Jt
but at that h:ur the credentials com
uuttee had just comm need its work
and the convention then, on mo io:
ol Mr. D. D. MeColl. oi' Marlboro, re
cessod until o'clock oniglit.
The intense interest being taken ii
the c nventi n is shown by the crowi
ol' spectat:rs wnicli packed ho galler
ies a.id utilized the space on the floo
outside of lie railing. T.;e hotels i:
Columbia are overflowing, and it i
said that this is one of the larges
crowds ever present in C >lumbia a. ,
Neither United States Sena ors t
D. Smith and B. R. Tillman >r any c
the congressional delegatio.i are pres
ent. Mr. H. W. Woodward is fillin;
the place on the Lee delegation ii
place of Sena:or Smith.
iieor?reto>vn i oniesT.
What was nominally called a contes
was the first work taken up by th
t-ommittee on credentials. It was real
ly not -a comes.: at all, but a questioi
as whether the granting -off the re
quest of tie Georget:wn conventioi
for half a vote each of its delegate:
was setting a precedent or nor an<
whether the granting of the reques
would overload the convention witl
speakers. The point was raised in thi
convention by Mr. Leon J. William:
and finally xeferred tj ^he commi:tee
which decided after some discussioi
to grant the request of the George
town convention that the 12 delegate;
be seated, wi:h :lialf a we each, bu
t-iat the delegation \>e entitled to om
member on each of the standing com
mittees and that the decision be in n<
wise regarded as a precedent.
Messrs. Pat J. Drew, Sam J. Sum
mers and Mr. Greene, of Abbeville
were in favor of letting the delegatioi
select three frcm each side and t' u:
have a delegation of six, as providec
for by the constitution of the part:
and avoid .the possibility o*f too mucl
speaking, in proportion to its rights
from any one delegation. Messrs. H
J. Haynesworth and Jennings, of Sum
ter, took up t'.:e side as presented b:
the Georgeown delegates and securec
the recognition of :he double-barrellei
delegation under the resolution offeree
by Mr. Haynesworth.
In Good Feeling:.
The whole thing was done in uttei
good feeling. Mr. Walter Haz ard rep
resenting one faction and Mr. Olin M
Sawyer representing the o:her side
presented rhe cause for the 12 dele
gates with half a vote each in goo(
humor, and presented the fact strong
ly that the convention a?: home avoid
ed an unseemly scramble, and tha
;hey hopea tne convention ?umu un
ry out the agreement in good faith
Mr. Hazard said that if the Drew idei
prevailed of letting the delegation se
lect three "whole men,* as had beei
suggested, tha.; in good faith he coul<
rot serve in the convention, as i
would not be carrying out the view;
of the body that elected.
Dr. Sawyer,, in his usual good-natur
ed and facetious manner, rold tin
committee that he and his associate:
would premise that they would not d<
much speaking if ,'given half sea;s
and he joined Mr. Hazard in asking
that the action of ;he county conven
tion be confirmed, it was the ver;
best thing that could be done.
This action apparently pleases
everyone, and aif.er the George.owi
compromise'had been agreed upon ta
hour for the reassembling -of the con
vention had arrived, acd Mr. Thos. 3V]
Raysor announced that the committe
on credentials had not concluded 't
work and asked for further .ime.
lis it was generallf recognized tha
the only real contest was that :'ror
rh^rip^t-nn the committee agreed t
g\> t:- di-ner and reassemble a". 3:3
o'clock. In the meanwhile the cor
-ention proper had taken a recess ue
til 8 o'clock a: night.
The repor. of the committee on ere
dentials as adopted by the c:?nvsntio
"The c:mmittee ';n crede.. ials be
d to ;eport tiiat it has considered all
- matters anrl contests submitted o it
- and cono'udes as follows:
.1 -Thai the Georget-wn delegati 11 .?!'
- i- be seated an.l each delegate be
- c:ititled to one-halt* vote and only
i.ave ne 111 niber on each committee.
>* "That it has fully c msidered
- pr.test and co. tes from Charleston
' i.nd has adopted the following resolu
.'on in retard thereto:
"That any protest be dismissed and
>. hat the delegation h aded by Joseph
- W. Barnwell be sea ed and recognized
a.-; delegates to this convention.
11 "We recommend that the convention
1 ie rganized with th temporary roll
as prepared with the abow tec* mti
[* "Respec- fui.y submi ted.
"TV.omas a I. Raysor, Chairman/
Mr. G. V. Hunter represented Xew-;
n berry on the committe on credentials.
s l"p to ue dinner recess the Char1
lesion situation was not me .tionea.
a ISoyf Permanent President.
The conventi n reassembled at 8:1.")
). tonight and the first matter was the i
f report of the committee on ceden-;
- tials. The Ge:rge own delega ion of
? 12 members was seated with one-half!
n vote each and the Barnwell delegation (
was recognized as the rightful delegation
from Charleston and given seats
t on the floor. Tine report was unani-.
ft mmielv nHrvntpH inn inn of Mr.
- Ravsor, who was chair of the creden-!
i tials committee. Temporrary oi'gani
zation being completed, Mr. Hoyt i
i yielded the chair to Gover.ior^ John
s Gary Evans.
3 Mr. H'^yt, on moti:n of Dis.rict Att
torney F. H. Weston, second by Dr.
1 S. T. D. Lancaster, was nominated tor
2 permanent president. Mr. Hoyt was ,
5, unanimously chosen. In a few well
, chosen words he expressed his appre- ;
11 ciation of the honor,
President Hoyt drew cheers when
5 :.:e referred io the parr South Carolina !
t had taken in the election of President
3 Wood row Wilson. He praised the
- president and the record of the na
3 tional Democratic party, and he bej
spoke support of the president in his
- Mexican policy and other marters new
:, | under consideration at Washington, j
1 ; Looseness of the primary and need
5 of primary reform were stressed by
1 the speaker. He rapped the use of
7 money in elections and urged the need
i i of increased education and educa ional
,1 facilities.' Mr. Hoyt spoke favorably
. of the .Aus'ralian ballot as a means
J ? c o foii? onH honpet pi pp
- U1 cltquiuug a icm uuu
f tion. "This convention meets with
i the plain mandate of the people,*' said
1 Mr. Hoyt, urging ;he convention to g)
1 about this high du v without regard
to any man's political fortune.
Vice Presidents Elected,
pj Vice presidents of the convention j
- were elected as follows from :he vari- '
ous congressional districts: I
,! The Hen. Jos. W. Barnwell, of
- Charleston, from the first.
1 Col. R. B. Watson, of Ridge Springs,1
- from he second. !
:M. L. Bonham, of Anderson, from
t the third. i
H. H. Arnold, of Spartanburg, from
. | the fourth.
i C. E. Speacerfi of Yorkville, from;
- the fifth.
i D. R. Ooker, of Hartsville, from the
t Jno. F. Clifton, of Sumter, from the
All of the elections were unanimous, j
M. M. Mann, R. B. Taylor and G. C.;
2 Taylor were chosen as secretaries, and j
2 John S. Wilson, sergeant-at-arms.
3 The rules of house were adopted for!
>> the guidance cf the convention.
I George B. Cromer represented Xew
berry on :he consti:ution and rules
Y I committee.
Dr. Van Smith representedjNewbei'3
ry on the committee on platforms and
e Executive Committeemen.
The roll of counties was then called '
for the executive committeemen. As j
e each count' was called resoluti:ns
s were sent to the desk and referred to
the committees without reading. Mr.
t | D. D. McColl wanted the convention
i "0 recess until 12 o'clock tomorrow to
o give the committees time to consider
0 the matters before them. Senator
l- ; Appelt amended it by making it 10
: o'clock tomorrow. B. Frar.k Kelly :
| moved to lay -.he amendment by Mr. j
i Williams to meet toworrw at 11 o'clock
j on tV* table, which carried with a
u cnorus of ayes.
) There was much discussion and
3 many motions. For a while Mr. Hoyt
vigorously rapped for rdi-r, refusing '
lo recognize anyone until o'-'der was '
restored. Finaliv on motion of a '
iu mber from Laurens he whole ma -j
ter was tabled a d the coaventi n re-j
fused 13 recess over night, but ex
pressed a determination to remain in ,
?essi n and finish tOiii-C. t.
On evplation of Governor Kvans
tha. he :bought the committc-s would !
do t.ieir work in two lioiirs. a motion !
t' recess until 11:30 to. igbt was j
quickly adopted. I
- "lie c.mmittees on platform and j
resolutions and on c-onsti u ion and
rules immediately got down to work, j
the lirsi assembling in tlie ball of.
llie house with Chairman F. H. Weston '
in the c.'.iair and th1 seco.ul in the '
S a e library, with- Chairman B. W. i
Wsison s I'olicj C?n)mended.
Strong commendation cf President1
Wilson's endorsement o:' canal t 'lis (
repeal, endorsement of bie.:nial sessions
of the general assembly and
compulsory education and commendI
ing President Wilson on his Mexican \
1 licy, tariff and currency reform rec- ]
ord, featured the report of the commi - i
ce on platform a..d resolutions made;
by its chairman, F. H. Weston, tonight. J
Copies of the resolutions were order
ed sent to President' Wilson the two |
I'nited States senators and represen-I
atives from this State in congress.
i ae piauui m cn me parij us uudui- i
m:usly adopted follows:
"The Democra.ic party of South
Carolina in convention reaffirms its
allegiance to the principles of the
party as announced and expounded by i
"We endorse without qualification
the administration of President Wil- j
son and commend congress for the:
cardial and intelligent support it has ,
given him. The South .Carolina Dem- i
ocracy pledges anew the facts in j
Woodrow Wilson tha: its delegation in
the Baltimore conven ion so staunch-'
ly manifested in supporting him for }
the nomination. Under the leadership j
of the president the government .'has ;
been restored :o the people. Revision i
ol? the tariff in the interests of the I
people has been accomplished and j
the con rol of the government wrested j
from the hands of the grea; interests. 1
The income tax shifts to wealth a fair j
share of the burdens of government, j
A brighter industrial and commercial \
day is dawning under a banking and
currency law tha': distributes :he j
country's accumulation cf capital j
among the people whose labors have '
created it. In constructive legisla-1
tion enacted for the ben:fit of the !
many and no: for the few, this Dem- |
ocratic administration has already j
achieved more tha.i Republican admin- j
istrations have ever accomplished and j
ic will be known in history as the re- '
s orer cf the rights ?f ?ie people that;
have been raken from them during j
the long period when the government1
in the hands of the Republican party
was a partner of the privileged classes.
Will Curb Monopolists.
"The Democratic administration will!
curb the monopolies that have been '
built up under the fostering care of
the Republican party, it win matt.e
plain the way of 'honest business, it
will further provide the facilities of
credit to farmers, and small producers
and it will go forward through the
agricultural depar:ments in the work i
of education, for increased production J
and better living, for improved health |
and for the delevopment of the people j
as the principal American asset. In,
dealing with ovher nations, cur coun-1
try. under the direction of President j
Wilson's intelligent and sincere patriotism
has acknowledged no standard
of honor and sense of justice lower
than that which prevails among high
minded men and controls their conduct.
"Guided by these principles and his j
own j*tre::g b of character and the pa- j
tience of genius President Wilson has
had courage to avoid war in Mexico,
when a weaker man would have
brought on an armed conflict that
would have cos: us millions or treasure
and thousands of precious lives,
at the same time proving "he honor
of cur country and the sanctity of our
, flas. To such a record and such a
I man, the Democratic convention of1
South Carolina, pledges its cooperation J
ia :'ne performance cf the tasks that;
1 emain and the continuation of the '
support which it commenced in faith
a d finds justified in fact. We especially
extend to the president our
gra el'ul appreciation for pr veil ing a
money panic and placing in the banks
oi agricultural districts large sums of
government money thereby enabling
iv.e producers or' our great agricultural
crops io secure a remunerative price
f r their products.
In Favor of Repeal.
"Recognizing in he president he
greatest moral force that has been in
the White House during the pas centmy.
we heartily ommend his efforts
to secure a r- peal of the Panama
free tolls act, a law enacred by a Reiblican
president, regardless of national
iio .or. \V*e condemn this law
as undemocratic and against economic
I olic-y cf our party and country. We
bel'ieve that this law would create a
shipping trust and would ropea' the
ou rase:us scandals of the building of
our transcontinental railways. We demaud
t'at our senators vote for the
lmmmlifiprl ronenl of this act and thus
suppor the president in unholding
Democratic principles and the honor
of this hati^n.
"We commend and heartily endorse
any legislation tending to establish a
drainage fund to reclaim overflowed
lands in the United States and for the
promo ion of rhe general welfare by
prev nting the dissemination of malaria
and other diseases among the
States. That we urge our senators
ai.d representatives in congress to
work for and support such legislation.
"We commend he eft'or s now being
mad3 to advance r.'.ie cause of education
throughout the State, and espe
cinlly commend the offorts to foster
r'nrl develop the common schools.
"Recognizing the vi al needs of be'ter
roads, we ccmmend any legislation
tending to improve our highways. We
approve the legislation in congress
whereby it is proposed to extend national
aid to the Sta'es for the pur*
- f building good roads. We recommend
to cur law-makers that they
enact such legislation as necessary to
protect primary elections from fraud.
We favor biennial sessions of :he general
Hl'EKTA HAS XOT HESI(iN'EI).
Denies Tliat He Has Told Representatives
to Proffer His Official
Mexico Ci y, May 20.?Provisional
President Huerta in the course of an
interview today said: "The Mexican
peace delegates have no ins:ruction
to offer my resignation at tiie conferfnpe
at- \Tia?rara Palls.*'
Tne president spoke wLh energy,
standing erect, and emphasized his
words with a characteristic gesture.
Prior to this the acting minister of
foreigo affairs, Esteva Ruiz, had declared
thai the Mexican representatives
had been given ''ample powers"
by the government to deal with everything
that may be discussed at true
peace conference with the object of
se:tling the international difficulty.
Charleston Man Presides at Richmond
Conyenl ion?Praises >'ew Banking
Richmond, Va., May 18.?R. G. Rhett,
president of the People's National j
Bank, Charleston, S. C., captured first
doners at the opening session of the
^ - i~ x P/\n iron TIATI
.F'lltll LHSiriUL DdUflCl a VAIU'CUUVU
here today, when he -was chosen chairman
of the body, with J. S. Hill, of
Charleston, Wes: Virginia, as secretary.
On taking "he chair Mr. Rhett stated
hat the meeting was called to choose
the directors for the Fifth District Reserve
Bank, which was established, he
declared, by the greatest piece of legislation
in this generation.
Though there were many parliamentary
clashes as to the best means of
procedure in naming the six directors
for this district, Mr. Rhe:t proved
himself equal to the task of keeping
the convention in order and steering
things sraight. It was finally determined
to leave :he question of nominations
to a commitee of 18, each political
division putting up six names.
+ rioi-nlino'c ranrosontativp!? OS
OU U 111 \ Ci i L/ i i lit* VJ * Vj(/4 V W VU VMV- vw -th^
commifee were: J: W. Simpson,
vice president Central Na ional Bank.
Spartanburg; V/. A. Clark, president
Carolina Xatioral }-ank. Columbia; R.
G. Rhett, Charleston; D. R. C:ker, of
HAKTSYILLK MAN KILLED.
! T<>?i Knnvn is Slain at Segars* Mill bj
Nevr>?Assailant is Held.
I The S ate.
Hartsviile, May 20.?Tom Brown, a
j young white man, Who lived a few
| miles west of Hartsviile at Segars'
| mill, was sho: and killed by H. Winj
gate, a negrj. about 2 o'clock today.
I 1 ae scene oi' the tragedy was at
Segars' Mill pond. Facts as best ob-a
re* tVir.t \Ir Plrr*\vn mth-I
i negro Lad been out in a canoe fishing
, and as- Mr. Br.>wn stepped from the
! boat Le gave it a snove which bore
I die negro a short distance ifrom the
^ s'.iore. The negro cursed Mr. Brown,
I Viiereup-ii he resented it and , told
the negro to rake back his word and
; apologize. The :ieg"v is said to have
; scrambled to the shore, got a shotgun
i and firfied one entire lead cf shot in.o
i Mr. Brown's breast, which caused his
I death shortly afterwards.
Rural Policeman Caddell and chief >
of police of Har.sville, R. H. KirkI
patrick, 'hurried to the scene of the
; crime in an automobile, arrested the'
negro, who offered n?j resistance, and
brought iiiin to town and lodged him
i iii the guard house. At 4 oc'oick Mr.
j Caddell carried him to ;he county ja.il
: at Darlington. Much indignation is
j tel. over the killing but no demon.-'
i strations were made. The negro is N
probaoly about 21 years of age
AFFECT ST RE A 31 FLOW.
Forest Fires Affect the Streamflow of
Rivers?To Reforest Denuded
' Residents of Wallace. Idaho, now
claim that repulis of the disastrous
forest fires in nor iiera Idaho in 1910
are being made evident in the changed
ti.w ;rom a \vatirsar;d then burned
over, which furnishes the water supply
of the city. This basin included
an area of appr iximate'y 2,000 ac *es
and was former!v wel' t'mbered with
trees from 50 'o /ears old. These
were almost wboUy destroyed by the
fires of 1910. From this watershed the /
! city sets its supply not only for domestic
purposes, but also for the devpI
)pment of elec ricity ;or power and
lig'.it, so tlia: the maintenance of a
considerable flow is essential to the *
V* It \ .
Ft is stated taat before ihe fires the
(low of .ie strca mat its lowest stages
1 was never below 1,000 miners' inches,
the unit of measurement which has
been used. But since the fire, ihe rec'
ords show that the minimum flow has
fallen to about 250 miners' inches and
it is now necessary for the company
wfaich furnishes \va:erf light, and
i power r expend a considerable
! amount of monev 0:10:1 year in devel1
oping powor from steam and to use a
considerable par: of this power in
pumping water. Records of the weather
bureau at Wallace show that the
I precipitation for the years since the
fire has been about corraal for the region.
This seems t> demonstrate to
the townspeople that the unevenness
in the flow must be due to the destruction
of the forest cover of Ae watershed
and not to any change in climate
or precipitation. J
In vierfv of the situation, the forest
service has undertaken to reforest the
denuded watershed. Some planting ?
has already been done and eventually
! all cf the watershed v hich is included
j witbin national forest boundaries is
| to be reforested. Tlie people of Walj
lace are taking considerable interest in
the work and express themselves as
thoroughly in sympathy with the ef,
fort that the service is making. The
i experts of the deparr.ment, however,
| point out tha: the planting will prob]
ably have no immediate effect, yet it
! should influence run-off as scon as
! forest conditions are restored, and rees'ablish
eventually a more stable
streamflow. In the meantime the forest
officers are taking measurements
J of the stream in connection with the
; records of precipitation, to determine
! lust wha- relation exists, and what
' renults will follow reforestation.
Result of Prohibitloa.
father N^jrune (to a group of mermaids)?Well.
girls, I must say it's
i mo'p comfortable, now I can wade
| around under an American man of
war without cutting my, feet on