Newspaper Page Text
VOLC*? LI I. NOIBEIi 57, JfEWBERRY, S. C? TIKSDAV, .HIV 21. HH4. TWICE A WEEK, A YEAS.
BKYAN WO I LI) EXTEND
SI FFKAKE TO WOMEN !
tomes Out For (liviiur Franchise to
Tiiose Whose liight it is to
Protect Their ( hilriren.
Washington. July Hi.?Secretary
Bryan in a formal statemeut today
came out for \v man suffrage. He declared
he would ask no political rig-tj
for himself he was not willing to
grant his wife, and announced he I
woud support the proposed State constitutional
amendment extending the j
-franchise to women to be voted ?.n
in Nebraska next November.
Woman. Mr. Bryan said, has proved
herself equal to every responsibility j
imposed on her. and would not fail I
society in this emergency. Above all j
other engagements for giving her the j
ballot N- placed "the right of the j
m:t-er to a voice in the molding of
?. ? ? v,QT. m'lilHrAn "
me environment vi nci
"The mother," the secretary said,
"can justly claim the right to employ
every effective weapon for the protection
of taose whose interests she
guards, but the ballot will put within
1 er reach all the instrumentalities of
government, including the police
Must Work Together.
"As man and woman are cotenants
of the eart:i," the statement says,
"'and must work our their destiny to
v gether, the presumption is on the side
of equalitv for treatment in all that
pertains to t-eir joint life and its
opportunities. The burden of proof
is on those who claim for .cue an
advantage over the otiiier in determining
conditions under which both
siiall live. Objections raised to woman
suffrage appear to me to be invalid,
while the arguments advanced
in support of the proposition in my
i. judgment are convincing.
"The first objection 1 remember to
Koorn U'oc tViQt a? WnniflTl
'A U C H V/ CA i Vi ? ' UO viam v v?i^ " ? .? ? ?
not bear arms she should not have a
voice in deciding questions that might
lead to war or in enactment of
laws that might require an army
officer to enforce. This argument is
seldom offered now, for as civilization
advances laws are c.beyed because they
u are an expression of public opinK
ion. As we look back over the past,
we may well wonder whether the
k peace movement would not have
? sjown more rapidly had women been
^ consulted before hostilities began.
>Voud Relieve Her.
'Second, some urge that woman's
lL'c already is full a! care and that
the addition of suffrage rather would
overburden her or turn her attention
away from home duties. The answer
made is that the exercise of the franchise
might result in a change of
^ thought and occupation that would
^trelieve the monot ny o"f woman's
utrk. Surely the home will not sufH
if the mother, t'.:e child's first
?acher, is able to intelligently dis^^uss
with her family the science of
government and the art of success
tluliy administering iu
Third many well meaning men and j
women affirm that suffrage would j
work a harm to woman by lessening
tne respect in winch lie is held. This
argument would have more weight
had it not been employed against
every pr. position advanced in avor
of t:e enlargement o. woman's sphere.
This objection once was raised to
the higher education o:' woman, but
it no longer is beard.
"These objections, however, honestly
advanced, have proven impotent to
retard woman's progress.
^ f "And are not the second and tiiirJ
objections refuted, to some extent at
least, bui the fact that in the States I
which have adopted woman suffrage
(and in the ot :er nations that have
adopted it) there is no agitation for
a return to the system unJor which
man has a monopoly f a right to
vote. It is fair to assume an effort
would be made & correct he mistake
g|| if woman's suffrage really had failed
to give satisfaction to the people,
[ where it ;has been trieu."
I "It is not my purpose to discuss the
subject with elaboration at this time,
tout I desire to present the argument
to which I give the greatest weight.
Without minimizing other arguments
. advanced in support of the extending
of suffrage to woman. I place the emphasis
upon the mother's right :o a
voice in molding the environment;
which operates powerfully in de'.v-r- _
mining whether her ^ffspr-ig will
crown her latter years with joy or
'bring down rcr gray hairs in sorrow
to ; .e grave."
Her Great Burden.
"Tiie Creator lias placed upon the
mother a burden which she could not
shiit if she so desired and He has
given ,:er the disposition to bear it.
Her life trembles in the balance at
the child's birth; her active years are
given to tr.e care and nurture o: ncr
children; her nerve ":'crce and vital
energy are expended in their behail';
her exhaustless love is poured out
upon them. Because tae wealth of
her existence is bestowed upon them,
trey are a part of her very being?
where y.ur treasure is, there will
your heart be also.' When one considers
the cost to parents, especially
to t..e mother, of raising a child, it
seems impossible that any one would
attempt to lead a child astray or rob
its parents of the priceless reward
to which they are entitled; and yet
there are in e>.ery generation?aye,
ir. pverv eommuntiv?those who are
inhuman enough to deliberately lie in
wait to make a wreckage of the lives
of young men and young women,
They lay snares ?:r them; they set
traps for them, and the men who play
this ghastly trade for t a are allowed
to use the ballot to advance
their pecuniary ends.
"I am not willing to stay tne
mother's hand :lf she thinks that by
the use of suffrage she can safeguard
the welfare of these who are dearer
:o her than her own li:e.
( an Claim it as Hiirlit.
"The mot-er can justly claim the
."ijrht to employ every weapon which
can he made effective ;or the protection
of th:se whose interests she
Shards, and the ballot will put within
her reach all the instrumentalities
of government, including the police
power. If she is a widow, there is
no one who is in a position to speak
fo;- her in this rrfitter of supreme im
portan.ee; if her husband is living,
she can supplement his influence if
they agree as to What is best for
those under their joint care; if they
d:> not agree, who will say that only
the father should be consulted?
"For a time I was impressed by
the suggestion that the question
should be left to the woman to decide?a
majority to determine
whether the franchise should be extended
to woman; but 1 find myself
less and less disposed to indorse this
test. Samuel Johnson coined an epi
gram which is in point here, namely,
that 'no man's conscience can tell
him the right 01 another man.' Responsibility
for the child's welfare
rests primarily upon the parents; fciie
parent receives in largest measure the
blessings that flow from the child's
life, if that life is nobly employed,
and upon the parent falls the blpw
with severest force if the child's life
is misspent. Why should any mother
therefore, be denied the use of the
franchise to safeguard the welfare of
her child merely because another
mother may not \ie\v her duty in the
"Politics will not suffer by woman's j
entrance into it. I: the political
world has grown mpre pure in spite
of the evil influences that have operaatod
to debase it, it will not be polluted
by the presence and participation
o. woman. Neither should we
riouht that woman oan ho trusted with
the ballot. S'.:e has proven herself
equal to every responsibility imposed
upon her; she will not fail society in
this emergency. Let her vote! And i
may that discernment which has, j '
throughout the ages, ever enabled
her to quickly grasp great truths?
make her "the last at the cross and
the first at the sepulchre'?so direct
her in the discharge of her political
duties as to add new glories to her
and through her still further bless society."
St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
"I kept ray head when I fell into 1
the water,'' observed the young man. 1
"How -fortunate!" replied the caus- <
tic maid. "It must ha\e helped you <
sto niceH* to float!"
Princeton Tiger. ;
Mrs Nextdoor? ! suppose your 1
daughter is happily married?
jMrs. Xagsbq?Indeed she is. Why. 1
her husband is actually afraid to pen j
his 'mouth in her presence.
(AKRWZA PLANS PEACE it
First Ciniet' Says Fiirlitint? Is At Ail c
End?Will firing Calm by \e- j c
Monterey, .July 1G.?Fighting and j :i
bloodshed are at an end in Mexico, if j r
ue plans announced here t day by j o
Gen. Venustiaiiv. "arranza, first c^iei' n
>f 'i.? constitutionalists army, go into
effect. Gen. Carran;;a declared his i >
main object now would be to conduct
negotiati .ns^fc'- the constitutionalists }
t.? enier Mexico City and establish
their government without further disorder.
shedding of blood or damage to
Hew these negotiations would be
arranged Carranza declared he had '
not y'pt determined. He was unable 1
to say at this time whether they wculd
be conducted through the mediators i;
or dire: t with the -'ederals. Uncondi- I,
: i on ill ciirrpndpr lmwevpr. will hp the ii
only c-ondition on which the negotia- a
tions will be successful. v
Gen. Carranza made that plain to v
newspaper men who talked with him 1
Must Have Reforms.
Carranza declared that'the "reforms
r'or which the constitutionalists fougr.t
must be obtained at whatever cost." j
"The resignation'of Huerta and the [
substitution of Carbajal in itself wiil v
not cause the constitutionalists to c
compromise on a single point, the j
. . .... V . I
principles up.,11 wmcn tne inovemeni ^
was founded." said Gen. Carrar.za.
"If the government machinery y
which through tr.ose ends may be ob- j,
tained is not surrendered voluntarily y
by the party of Huerta, they will be
obtained by force." :(
Because of the effort to make the u
installation of the constitutionalists t
a peaceful one, Genfl Carranza said i v
wculd probably be a month before he s
VTAvinA f~* ? f U C\ c " O t Li r\ t ll O t \'
dllCICU iUCAHU V/ltJ'. lie S>LCll.X^sJb* LHM.I \
lie did not believe that Carbajal was a
strong enough to handle effectively ^
the riens o"; power passed over to iiir o
bv Iiuerta, it' the latter had left U13 t
republic for the Island of Curacao, as i:
was reported here today from the t
United States. \
Look for Negotiations. v
Carranza said he thought Carba- g
jal or any man in civil life would v
find the ?ituation most difficult and he e
expected ihan the new president would u
open negotiations with him at once., l
Telegraph service with Mexico City a
would be resumed at once, he an- t<
nou need. ^ a
In view of the situation facing Car-! 1
bajal, Gen. Carranza declared it might/ 11
be necessary to serd constitutionalist ?
troops to Mexico City to preserve Dr- v
tier and that sur-h a situation was be- 11
nsr nr^nared for. P
Gen. Carrrmza anounced today that v
he had received advices from an un- ^
officia' source Uui n c mmission had i]
already le;t Mexico City for Celeya
to uicet constitutionalists representa- 1
tives to arrange for the order'y entry ti
of the constitutionalists into the capi- .1
tal. Gen. Carranza has not as yet 1<
named a commission but it is be- a
loved he will do sj immediately if .or- I
may overtures are made. 1(
Must Surrender Completely. \\
Geo. Carranza reiterated iowever, \\
taai tlu constitutionalists would ac- ci
f. nnthinp chnrt nf rrimnlpte mir- i
render. 1 i a statement issued today (.,
fhe first chicf declared: t]
' Undoubtedly t'iie first move of the r
successor of the usurper Huerta will a
;-e to y.-}n i.egotiations with the con- j
stitutionalists for a complete surren- ^
rler. This is the logical deduction of
il'o action zq will take. Nothing less
nan a complete surrender will saiisI'j
the co.isiilJtionalists. However, if
L arbajal ia:?s to take this measure
to bring ab-ut peace in Mexico, we ^
sha'I continue to ftgm our way to
-iciory. which already is assured. We ^
ire fighting for justice for the LYlexi^an
people and are certain our efforts
vvill be crowned with success. A 01
iuick victory by the advance of our
troops is a certainty if it d.es not
:ome through unconditional surren- b
T^0 celebration here, which began *A"
?i.st night when news was received of w
;he retirement a:' Gen. Huerta as pro- ^
visional president, continued today. t(
"Gen. Carranza will not recognize 01
:he validity of f'.'.e debts of Huerta
ifter he enters Mexico City and estab- b:
[iSilL'S ci C-USoitut-GIilll
here." was the statement made here
day by high constitutionalist oluiais.
It was in answer to questions
cm. ruing a statement, said to have
een published in the United JStates
at foreign nations had made u denand
through Washington that Caranza
agree to recognize the legality
-f the debts of Huerta and grant amestv
to all political pris ners.
rv TRIP TO YVINTHROP COLLEGE
Fiss Kos'a B. Ham Writes of Her Trip
to Winfcfcrop College?Also Tells
Her Experience in Growing
On July 2, I started to Rock Hill
or my ten days short course which
won r.r follows:
1 planted seed in April, but no j
hints were grown from them. In j
he latter part of April I bought some
lanjts and set them out. They lived
lid grew we.' considering the dry
;e;Uher at that time. I continued
,-orking with my plants until i made
!iem a success. 1 pruned,.staked and
ied them up. I also had them plowed
.'hen necessary. I hoed them, sprayu
t'lem, and kept them as clean as
osei'!ji'\ i went into the work to
:akc it a success, and I felt as though
ha^ reached my highest point, when
was notified on .lune 23. that I had
/or. ne of the three trips to Winthrop
While at Winthrop we all worked
ogether for the betterment of the
!ub work in South Carolina. The
iris had four recitations a day, cookng.
dairying, gardening and poultry.
\re \ irited the college farm freqeunty,
'learning many useful and he'.pful
e.ssoijs from .observation and actual
.'ork. We tried to put in our very best
ime while at Wint^irop in order that
:e might get the most out of our
hort course. The entire faculty at
Vinthrop made our trip a most pleasnt
and profitable one. I feel like I
new a great deal more along the line
f domestic affairs than I knew hereofore.
The teachers all took great
nterest in us and \Ve took interest *in
hem and the work we were doing.
Ve :.ad the privilege o' hearing many
aluable lectures. Ex-Governor Ansel
;ave us an address on July 6 which
re appreciated very much. On the
veiling o: the -un the teacners gave
s a story telling party at which deightful
ice cream \vas served. One
.fternoon the teachers toop us down
own to the moving pictures and t'ne
rug store. On the evening of July
4 the Rock Hill chamber of commerce
gave a reception for the club
;irls and served sandwiches and punch
r'hicjh was enjoyed by all. v On 'Wedesday
evening some of the ladies of
T-Till mvo iic a ivatprmplnn nartv
?-hich was a very pleasant surprise.
Ve also had story telling that evenng
\Ve all left for our homes on July
G. We wish for the work to be coninued.
1 wish to thank Dr. D. B.
ohnson, president of Wintlirop coltge
and ev?ryone of the teachers. I
]>preciate most highly the privilege
;.ave oad in getting to Winthrcp colge
and attending the short course. I
ant to see Xewberry county go fcr'ard
in everything. I think this
aiming uiui> wuxk is iint; iui me 5111s. j
In conclusion I wish to tls^ank our |
ounty agent, State agent, tlW Winirop
daughters c'hapter of Xewberv*
county f r offering the scholarship)
nd evervone interested in the work. I
shall ever remember most pleasant;
my trip to Winthrop college.
Rosa B. Ham,
He?Will you give me just one
Lb 5 .
She?My dear boy, you don't know
ow little satisfaction t'here is in just
Out of Place.
t. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Among the guests at a reception
as a distinguished man of letters. He (
as grave and somewhat taciturn.
fl^ a ti taw am c : frcr^cfr f?
UC KJl LilC ? UiUCU piCDCUt
) the hostess that tie settled to be
it of place at such a party.
"Yes," replied the hostess with a
right smile, "y. u see he can't talk
Li.- ..nr.z ulit se;?.:>c.
LABOR LEADER i
AT (*RE-EXVILLE '
Work is Resumed Vtitli Al>out One- :
third of IMant in Operation.
Greenville, .July 16.?The labor
trouble at Monaghan mill took on a
new aspect t'nis morning when Joseph
.1. Ettor, ncted for the part he
has taken in New England strikes
and other labor upheavals, arrived
in Greenville and assumed leadership
of t'ae Industrial Workers of the
World who last Thursday declined
to work under the rules of the mill
management, and who since that time
have been out of work.
The Monagfhan mill - opened this
morning and ran throughout toe day,
though only about one-third o?f the
mill was in artive rmeratinn Tile
management has stated its intention
of continuing to operate the milL 1
L. W. Parker, president of the Parker
Cotton Mills company, has inserted
in the local press a rull statement 1
cf the conferences which the management
has had with the operatives. ,
The statement extends over more than
a page of a seven column paper. ;
This review of the situation ,taken
from t'he minutes of the conference!
is made in order that all may un- 1
derstand the cause of the trouble.
This morning and again tonigTit
Ettor addressed the operatives. His
talks were designed tJ bolster up the
operatives to stand up for what they
consider their rights. They object to
overtime, and it was because of this
objection that the trouble started last
week. It. is understood that a committee
will call upon Mr. Parker tomorrow
morning and make .certain
proposals, whicfo, i: agreed 10, wili
mean that all the operatives may return
to their work. In case t^:e operatives
return to work they will pe
tition the mill management to rescind
the rule requiring that certain time
be made up. If this be refused some
stringent action will be contemplated, j
Should the management decline to al- j
low the strikers to return to work, j
all operatives of 'Monaghan will be
called together to consider what is to
be done. ^
Ettor, it was stated tonight, will
be here '."or several weeks.
No disorder has' yet marked the
labor troubles, and at no ether mill
ir.as any difference arisen, although
the 1. W. W. is organized at many
of the local mills.
To .Resume Work.
Greenville, July 17.?The operatives
of Monagnan mills will return to
work Monday morning, according to
a decision which they reached today,
after a conference with Lewis W.
Parker. A committee representing
the operatives called upon Mr. Parker
this morning and this afternoon
announced that they had accepted the
proposition wliiich he made to them.
This proposition was that hey return
to work, make up tu.e 3o minutes ordei
cd and then treat with the manoirnmflit
With rpfprpnfp TD the OVei*"
Operatives, the management and
the general public appear delighted (
that matters have taken this turn, (
for with the arrival of .Josep.i J. Et- ^
tor yesterday some became apprehensive
less trouble arise. Ettor is high
in the councils of the Industrial
X . \
Workers of the World and it is this ,
rganization which gave rise to the
difference between tie mill manage- ,
ment and the operatives, the latter
contending that the labor organiza- '
rion did not permit overtime, w-jiile
the rules of the company required ,
that certain lost time be made up. On ^
Wednesdav, July 8, a storm caused
mp nmver of Monashan to bt shut ott
ror a time, and when the operatives
declined to make up the time the
walkout occurred. For the past two
days the mill 'has been operating
but not to full capacity. ^
Perfect order has prevailed through
out the differences. So far as
could be learned Ettor has taken no
part in the development today. Last i
night- Ettor advised the operatives to I
g> back to work and save their i
money until the I. W. W. could be (
mor^ strongly organized and after j
the organization was effected to con- j
jider a general cotton mill strike.
Phis advice was given at a closed
meeting, but one who attended is authority
or the statement attributed
The fact that some of the operatives
have declined f<A several days
to work will not be held against
them, according to the agreement today.
To Be Observed by Former Students
and Graduates of Clemson Aug
ust 27-31 at Clemson.
Sp'icial to The Herald and News;
Clemson College, July 20.?Approximately
1000 fLrmer students and graduates
of Clemson Clemson have already
replied to their invitations, signifying
their intention of being present
for "Home Coming Week" Che big
reunion occasion which will take
place at Clemson college from nofon
of August 27, to noon of August 31.
It is planned to make this one of the
greatest affairs of the kind ever held
by any Southern college. The acceptances
already received make it certain
that the capacity of Clemson's large
barracks will be taxed t'> accommodate
those who come.
President (VV. M. Riggs is doing
everything possible to have invitations
reach every one of the six thousand
men who have attended Clem
son. Many invitations, however, have
been returned unclaimed and it is desired
that any-former Clemson men
who have notTyet received invitations
write to the president. It is the college's
purpose to make "Home Coming
Week'' a memorable event in tne
lives of all >vho attend and it is desired
that all old Clemsonites receive
notice of the occasion.
The attendance will have to be limited
to former students only, because
oi' limited facilities. It ^'ill be im
possible to take care oi even the
. i _ .1 _ 1_ _ .1. 91
wives oi mose wno are coining oacK.
The accommodations will .be sufficient
for only alumni and ex-students
themselves, so large will the number
of these be.
A most enjoyable pr!.gramme is being
arranged for t/'.ie five days of
"Home Coming Week.'' The details
01 this will be announced later. Especially
attractive features will be
prepared for Friday, Saturday and
Sunday, the 2Sth, 29th, and 30th, respectively.
4 The following list contains the
??*. ?- - ' T T AW r>\ An
iUIKS Ol <3Li 1 iOi 111C1 V;ICIUSUH 1I1CU
from New berry county:
.J. L. Aull, .J. B. Bedenbaugii, B. T.
Bish p, S. C. Blease, B. B. Blease, T.
W. Blease. J. B. Boaznian, L. Boozer,
S. A. Boozer, .1. R. Boulwaie, S. P.
Bowles, W. F. Bradburn, L. S. Burton,
J. W. Caldwell. S. VV. Cannon, U.
A. Cannon, C. M. Coleman, P. C. Coleman,
J. A. Sr. Counts, C. H. Counts,
W. L. Cromer. W. B. Crouch, S.
Crouch, H. S. Derrick, B. A. Derrick,
D. D. IX minick, H. L. Dorainick, J. C.
Duncan. L. C. fclidson, C. K. Epting,
J. S. Fair. R. P. Fair, J. P. Fellers,
S. T. .Gallman, W. M. Garlington, J.
W. Gary, F. C. Gilbert, C. fvV. Hairston,
.J. Ij. Holloway, R. C. HVmter, A.
Hunter, C. Jacobs, B. M. Jones, W.
Keith. W. I). Kennedy, C. P. Kiber,
V. E. Kohn, E. S. Kohn, M. R.
Lake, J. A. Lester, C. L. Leitzsey. S.
Long, W. M. Mayes, A. L. Mathews.
J. A. McGfaw, W. L.#Moon, J.
^"anep, L. M. Nichols. W. C. Reeder,
F. W. Riser, .J. H. Roagers, H. !M.
Zanders. J. B. Scurry, F. H. Sheelv.
[.. W. M. Simmons, .J. A. S'-iealy, W.
Smith, W. R. Smith, .Jr., I. M. Smith,
fr? J. M. Smith. J. B. Smith, A. M.
Smith, 0. F. Speck, G. T. Speake, J.
/-i A n*. i. /^i atr
I. sievens, u. a. oiewan, ur. >>. ouiuner,
G. H. Suber, W. C. Suber, H. C.
Jummers, W. C. Summer, J. M. Wat:ins,
J. R. Watts, Jr., J. W .Waldrop,
\ M. Werts. J. D. Wertz, R. H. Welch,
R. Westmoreland, J. C. Werts, G.
1. Webb, S. M. Wel>b, R. D. Wicker,
I. H. Williams, Emmett Williams.
B. M. Aull, G. P. Boulware, C. A.
iurton, C. L-. Cannon, R. S. Cannon,
<\ W. Chapman, W. C. Doininick, J.
r Folk, G. H. Folk, B. P. Folk, J. CJoggans,
Jr.. J. E. Hunter, T. M.
Junter. .1. J. Rauch, H. W. Schum>ert,
W. J. Siieely.