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YOLUEE L1I, SOCBER (>2. DEWBERRY, S. C? FRIDAY, Al'GlST 7, 1^14, TWICE A WEEK, I LSI A YEAS,
, GERMANY'S ADVANCE
BELGIAN T HOOPS til" A KD WELL
THEIK LINKS OF DEFENSE
French to Assist Them?Troops Will
Join in Resisting Enemy's
The State, 6th.
Germany in pushing her advance
tr rough Belgium has met with strong
i opposition around Liege, where Bel
gian forces, acc rding to official advices
reaching Brussels, have repulsed
the German army of the Meuse under
Gen. von Emmich.
. The Germans are reported to hav?
lost several thousand killed and
if rom the northern coast of Europe
came reports that firing at sea had
, been "heard. It was reported that
P tiere had been a naval engagement,
but the authority has sent an ultimatum
to Italy. This mave is taken
in some quarters to mean that the
Italians will be forced out of the triple
r?iiianr>p and r>nmr>elled to alisn them
splves on the side oi: England.
England took no definite moves,
the nation beiug content to wait and
Field Marshal Kitchener has been
appointed secretary of state for war
in the British cabinet and will have
under Oris direction the military campaign
French troops have joined the Belgians
in opposing progress of Germany
through Belgium and it is re-nnrted
that n:ssibly Great Britain
jr w *r
may send reinforcements.
The president of the United States
has offered his services as mediator
to the European nation.: ?.t war.
The German ambassador will leave
England 'Thursday by dispatch uoat.
Both at St. Petersburg and Berlin
the German and Russian embassies,
respectively, have been attacked by
- - P n m
"in.6 capture 01 sevci <t; vjcuuau
steamers by the British is reported
and the British crusier Amphion has
sunk the Hamburg-American line
steamer Koenigin L:uise, recently
^converted into a mine layer.
Russian frontier patrols have penf
etrated 10 miles into Germany.
Trawlers returning from the North
sea bring word that 110 hostile warships
were to be seen.
Meteorological Record For Jnly.
$3.3; mean minimum, 6S.3; mean,
80.8; maximum, 104; date, 26; minimum,
.59, date, 31. Greatest daily
Precipitation?Total, 2.59 inches;
greatest in 24 hours, .77, date, 28;
number cf days with .01 or mo.-e precipitation,
10; clear, 5; part cJoudy,
23; cloudy, 3.
Thunder stors. 2. 7, 15, 28.
Rainfall seven months. 18.S4 inches,
jraking, a shortage of a little over 9
inches for the seven months.
W. G. Peterson, C. 0.
BELIEF OF AMEBIC4NS
Millions in Gold Will Be Sent on a
Warship for Distressed Citizens
of the U. S. >ow Abroad.
Washington, Aug. 4.?Relief for the
tens of thousands of Americans in
European war zones will be extended
tnrough every available power. Mil
lions in gold will be sent on a warship
for American needs.
Officials of the State, war, navy and
treasury department conferred on
plans to coordinate the work. For
immediate relief. President Wiison
asked congress to appropriate $2,500,00.
This, with the $250,000 appropriated
yesterday by congress, will
be started across the Atlantic tomor?'
row night on the armored crusier
Tennessee. Bankers and export companies
al3o will add $5,000,000 to $8,000,000
on Cue Tennessee. The Tennessee
will carry government officials
to distribute the gold at European
iwns iur American uiyxuxucs-i-iu bureaus
to aid stranded Americans.
A canvass today or available ships
revealed that with the exception of
six ocean liners flying the American
flag there are only 30 transports, [ j
coastwise ships and other vessels of '
American register available for transporting
Americans home. The latter
would carrv about 7.000 passengers
j so that a total of only 10.000 people J
could be transported, according to estimates.
Want to Return.
The State department estimates that
of the 100,000 or more Americans in
Europe 20.000 urgently want to return.
The others have money enough
j to stay in Europe until a seccnd trip '
is made. Should more Americans
want to depart the only thing administration
officials think can be done is
to charter vessels owned bv neutral
j Details :f the transportation prob!
lem will not be worked cut for sev- ,
eral davs. Secretary Garrison voiced
| the view of administration officials
that there was no particular reason
"T.:ere can be no peril to Ameri
i cans abroad," he said, "as the first j
i thought of the warring nations natur- j 1
; ally will be to lo k out for the safely i
I of 'foreigners, particularly Americans.
! I do not feel disturbed in the slight;
est degree." - 1
Secretaries Bryan and McAdoo has
I tened to tne capitol after the presi- '
' dent's message requesting the $2,500,- (
j 000 for an American relief -fund had
I been read in both houses. The appro- ^
j priations committee quickly deter- .
| mined to recommend the prevision. '
Money Will Help.
'flhe iwon and a half million doi-j '
iars tie government will send o-erj'
will be lor the' relief of Americans j
who have exhausted their funds and
their letters of credit,"' said Secretary
i McA'ioo. "This fund will be disbursed
oy the government only to
Americans who are without funds or
provisions to get them. At the same
Lime the New York bankers will tjend
to Europe $5,000,000 or $10,000,000
for the relief of Americans who still
Adolph C. Miller, member oi: the 1
federal reserve board, is acive in
onarge 01 tee nnanciai ena or me relief
With every prospect cf its being
passed by the senate tomorrow the
bill amending the Panama act to provide
for the admission of foreign
built ships to American registry fov
tiic ioreign trade was favorably reported
from the interoceanic canals
C-urnittee during the day by Senator
Fresidem. Wilson and his cabinet
an.i congress today were busy witn
Pians and legislative measures for the
relief of Americans abroad, the continuation
of trans-Atlantic shipping to
move crops and the strenghtening o: !
domestic financial conditions.
The president asked congress to appropriate
$2,500,000 in addition to the
$250,000 granted yesterday for Americans
in Europe. Action will be taken
by both houses tomorrow.
J ine annoreu cruiser leiinessee win j
j sail Thursday for various European j
! ports with this sum, as well as several j
millions in g-ld from Xew York bankers,
designed to give Americans immediate
-funds and facilitate their departure.
Official notice came from the German
government that Americans
wc-uld not be permitted to leave the
German empire during the period of
army mobilization, wnich will be continued
for ten days.
Conference-si were in progress
throughout today at the State, treas
ury, navy aim war aapat uueuw uu uctails
of relief plans. A systematic
search for statements to carry Americans
home was begun.
President Wilson signed the bill
amending the Aldric'n-Vreeland law to
place more than $1,000,000,000 into
domestic circulation if needed to prevent
The president issued a proclamanaiT+rilifv
ol'5> rnino- TTnitPfl
LiU-U. LPJL ilCUti aiiUJ J
States subjects of their rig-ts and
duties cn account of the existence o>f
a State of war in Austria, Germany,
Servia, Russia and France.
T'ne American Red Cross decided to
place its army of nurses, physicians,
etc., at the disposal of the powers at
The senate is expejjfre**to pass tomorrow
the bill adp^ted by tne house
i admitting foreign built ship to Amer
j lean rc-gistry. , [
WAR ON GERMANY
DECISION FLUSHES ALL EUROPE;
[ierinar.'s Refusal to Respect Seutraiif)
(u Belgium Causes the
Declaration of War.
London. Aug. 4.?Great Britain declared
war in Germany tonight.
The momentous decision of tne British
government :or which the whole
world has been waiting Cume before
the expiration of the time limit set
by Great Britain in her ultimatum to
Germany demanding a satisfactory reply
on tiie subject of Belgian neutral-!
Germany's reply was t ie summary
rejecti 11 of the request that Belgian
r- V> 111 A Ka ?> c? G r? t n rl
LICU'tl am V ^llv/UXU i toi'uvtvu.
The British ambassador at Berlin
thereupon receved cis passports ana
the Britisa government notified Germany
that a state o: war existed between
the two countries.
The British foreign office has issuei
the following statement:
'"Owing Vo the summary rejection
t>y the German gcvernment of the request
made by his Britannic majesty's
government that the -neutrality of
Belgian should be respected, his majesty's
ambassador at Belin has received
his passoprts. and his majesty's
government has declared to 'the German
government that a State of war
sxists between Great Britain and Ger
11 ^ ^ A i, rr,,^+ \ " i
ma.u> ii'uiii a. i o uiutA p. m., .luausi -i.
All Europe is in arms.
On the one hand Austria-Hungary
ana Germany are opp sed by Russia,
France, Great Britain, Servi.a and
Montenegro. Italy has declared her
neutrality, but is mobilizing. Belgium,
Holland and Switzerland have
The German demand that the Bel
gian government should permit the
free passage of German troops
through Belgium (was answered by
hasty preparation to resist such an
advance across Belgian territory.
Sweden has made no answer to inquires
from Russia and Germany regarding
her attitude, but is preparing
to defend her neutrality.
Japan is making ready to live up j
*1 -- ?
to iir/.* alliance wii.ii aiem Dinam
in case of certain eventualities.
Spain is reported to be preparing
a proclamation o: neutrality.
Austria-Hungary for the moment
has retired fr m her campaign against
Ser/ia for the purpose of holding back
Russia and Servia has mobilized wifri
the reported intention of invading
Great Britain declared war on Germany
at 7 o'clock tonight. The announcement
that Germany 'had declared
war on Great Britain was due
tJ an error ic the admiralty's statement.
Thounsands assembled tonight be
fore Buckingham palace until the king
and queen, the P-ince of Wales and
Princess Mary appeared 011 the' balcony.
The stautes of military heroes
throughout the city are being draped
A mob gathered outside tiie German
embassy in Cuarlton house terrace
tonight. The demonstrators
groaned and hooted and finally stones
were thrown which broke windows.
The German ambassador. Prince Lichnowsky,
with the members of his staff,
in tba oarriprK hut auickly witn
C1?0 *11 C WV-? 7 4
drew to the house.
A "orce of mounted and root police
reinforced the regular guard and
drove off the crowd with difficulty.
In tlie event of war Great Britain
will take over all warships now building
in England for foreign powers.
Work is being pushed on all British
vessels in the hands of builders and
The British admiralty officially announces
that the government has
taken over the two battleships?one
completed and the ether nearly completed?ordered
in England by Turkey
and two destroyers ordered by
Chile. The battleships have been
named the Erin and Agincou-rt
Premier Asquith, in the house of
commons, confirmed the sending to
Germany of a request that she should
orivo thp c.inio nssurance of the neu
trality c\~ Belgium as France had done j
AGREE ON 1 RAWER
. OF THE fcUVERNEENT
CAHBAJAL A N1) ( ARItANZA IOME
Expected That (General Amnesty Wili
lie Declared and 1'eaee pact
Mexico City, Aug. 5.?Prcvisiona
President Cabajal and. Gen. Venustiano
Garranza, head of the constitutionalist
movement, today reached
full agreement concerning the turning
over of the government to th'
constitutionallyts. It is expected ?
general amnesty will be declare*;
so n. Hostilities were suspendec
At t.:e close of conference between
President Carbajal and G?n
Valasco, minister of war, today the
official announcement was made tha
Carransa wouKl -,rant tl.e president's
request concerning guarantees anc
uat *1 peace pac* probably would b-:
ratified at a cabinet meeting socn.
Peace Lor Mexico City, at lea*t
seems a certainty. The council owar,
consiting o;' 112 generals, decided
tonight upon the uncnnd^'ona
v.ut j: dei of 'he city to the consti
*Uii? i ./.its.
and that he reply should be sent tEngland
Mr. vAsquith said a telegram hac
been sent early this morning to Sii
Edward Goschen, British ambassadoi
in Berlin, to the folio wir.g effect:
Wanted Clear Statement.
"The king of the Belgains has ap
pealed to his Britannic majesty's gov
eminent for diplomatic interventior
on behalf of Belgium. The Britisl
government is also informed that th(
German government has delivered th<
Belgian government a note proposing
friendly neutrality, pending a fre<
passage of German troops t^irougl
Belgium and promising to maintaii
the independence and integrity of th<
kingdom and its possessions on th<
conclusion of peace, threatening ii
case of refusal to treat Belgium as ai
iSir Edward Grey, t'lie British for
iegn secretary, requested an answei
within 12 hours.
Premier Asquith then read a tele
gram from tr.e German foreign min
ister which the German ambassadoi
in London had sent to Sir Edwart
Grey today. It is as follows:
"Please dispel and distrust that maj
subsist on the part oi: he British government
with regard to cur intention.by
repeating most positively th<
formal assurance that even in case o
armed conflict with Belgium, Germany
will under no pretensions what
ever annex Belgium territory."
The reading of this' telegram wai
greeted with derisive laughter by th<
T^e premier continued: "We un
-1 " 1 T> ? 1 ? V%A rtAt A rrnni AO 1 11
uersia.ua uai Deigium taicsvi i^cm.
leiused to assent to a flagrant viola
tion of the law of nations.
"His majesty's government wa:
bound to protest against tiiis violatioi
of a treaty to which Germany was <
party in common with England an<
must request as assurance that th<
demand made upon Belgium by Ger
many be not proceeded with and tha
Belgium's neutrality be respected b;
Germany and we have asked for a;
"We received this morning fron
cur minister in Brusseis the follow
ing telegram: "The German ministe
has this morning addressed xa notto
the Belgian minister of foreigi
affairs stating that as the Belgiai
government has declined a well-in
tentioned proposal submitted to it b:
the imperial German government, thi
latter deeply, to its regret, will b<
compelled to carry out, if necessary
by force of arms, the measures con
sidered indispensable in view of th<
Book Out# o Know.
"Do you know, my dear," asked thi
young hussband, "there's something
wrong with the cake. It doesn't task
"That is all your imagination," an
swered the bride, triumphantly,
il rays in the cook book that it is de
DECLARES NEU TRALITY
OF THE UMTED STATES
Wilson Issues Proclamation Holding
Ameritii Aloof From Con
Washington, Aug. .>euiram\ ui
I the .United States in the great European
war was formally proclimed
today by President IVVilson. Reciting
the fact that ,:a State of war unhap1
pily exists between Austria-Hungary
- and Servia and between Germany and
- V. ssia and between Germany and
1 France." the president warned all
- American citizens arc! foreigners resi
dent in the United States against vio
lating the neutrality laws.
1 ICitizens of the United States abroad
* were given notice that any misconduct
011 their part "would be at t'iieir own
It has beena forgone conclusion
' that the United States would be neu'
tral and in this connection virtually
5 tne only problem that has presented
? itself to the Washington government
- has been furnished. bv the activities
i of diplomatic and consular agents of
, | the contending powers in rounding up
.r their reservists in America.
Large bodies of men have oeen
L gathered by German, iFrench, Ser'
vian, Russian and British representatives
and preprations are being
- made to transport them abroad. In
' some quarters it is contended this is
a vi lation of the neutrality laws. Of*
ficials here, however, hold that such
A- *?J TT?i f ^ r-? f nA \r?_
acuVines UO IlUt tuuic niiuiu mc m
hibited setting on foot of a "military
Xot an Expedition.
In construing the law the supreme
" court has held that it does not prc1
hibitv the "transportation (from this
1 country in the same shape of few .or
2 many men whose known intention be2
fore leaving our shores is to engage in
? hostilities against the forces of a for3
eign power, provided that such men
1 do not constitute a military expedi- |
1 tion or military enterprise." |
5 President Wilson's proclamation of \
" neutrality, after setting forth that "a
1 state of war unhappily exists between
1 Austria-Hungary and Servia and bei
tween Germanv and Russia and be-1
' , !
" tween Germany and France," and Uat
r "the Tnited States is on terms o*.'
friendship and amity with the con
tending powers, and with the persons
- | inliabiiing their several " domains,'' ;
r - forbids, under severe penalties, the I
l j penormance ui utritcnn avio . ^u ,
"the territory and jurisdiction of the j
r United States. i
3 WORK TO SAVE COTTON
f Southern Representatives and Senatoru
are Busy?To Secure Action.
Washington, Aug. 4.?Measures to
a | relieve the cotton industry of the
L'nited States from depression threatened
by the European war were plan.
j ned today by a specially appointed
committee ci btUin&rD ,
representatives in congress. The com- j
, mittee mapped out an exhaustive in- !
1 vestigation of conditions affecting the |
j marketing ana consumption of cotj
ton with a view to securing legislative
3 f and administrative action as may be
necessary to safeguard American int
,, At a meeting presided ever by Sen|
| nator Hoke Smith, chairman of the
j committee, three subcommittees were
1! appointed to look into various phases
_ j of the subject. Senators Smith,
r j Overman and Bryan and Rrepresentaa
| tives Underwood aua Lee were named
-j to confer with President Wil^cn witii
^ reference to foreign relations general_
ly in so far as they may affect the
f cotton industry in this country.
3 Representative Lever, chairman o- j
5 the house agricultural committee, will i
'head a commjrtee which will consult
. with Secretary McAdoo with a view
3 to extension of government aid to
farmers who may find it necessary to
store their crops in case there is no
Another subcommittee will ask
3 Secretary Redfield for information as
> to transportation iacmues auu so.
g his advice relative to the effect the
European conflagration may have on
- cotton mills abroad.
r The proiblem oi:' having transporta
tion for the 1914 crap, now that transAtlantic
commerce has been interrupt-,
NAVAL BATTLE BETWEEN
ENGLAND AND GERMAN?
IS REPORTED TO HAVE COMMENCED
IN NORTH SEA.
Hig Buttle is Reported to be in Progress?Germany
Has Sent Ultimatum
special to rne tieraia ana rsews.
Columbia, S. C.? 1:10 P. M.?Re'
ported expected battle in the North
Sea between Germany and England
has begun. Germany sent ultimatum
WIFE OF PRESIDENT
AT POINT OF DEATH
Mrs. Wood row Wilson, 111 for Months . V
Now Almost in Extremis.
Washington, Aug. 5.?Mrs. Woodr^AV
Wilson, wife of tie president of
tile united states, tonignt lies at me
point of death.
Four montns ol almost unbroken
illness a complication of nervous
ailments and Bright's disease, have
sapped the vitality of the first lady of
the land. The end is regarded as a~
matter of days, perhaps hours. Her
husband and three daughters are at
her bedside and relatives have been
summoned. Physicians have 'been in
consultation for days ,but it was admitted
at the White House tonighc
that hope ior her recovery had almost
Late tonight Mrs. Wilson was resting
easily, but it was sometimes necessary
to restort to oxygen and other
Conscious only at intervals, Mrs.
Wilson has been cheerful and called
constantly for her hnsfrandfy. Every
spare moment that could be "spared
from urgent official duties has been.
! devoted by the president to his wife.
] At the side of his constant helpmate
! and adviser he wrote the tender of
! good offices appealing to the Euroj
pean monarchs to stay their conflict.
From the sick room he has given directions
to tiie various 'department
heads f-r the relief of thousands olf
Americans stranded abroad. The press
of domestic legislation, the European
war and Mexican situation and the
furry cvar financial conditions
tiirni-alioiit tho rrmntrv have Wft. ,i,
n^tvily cn the president, as he has
maintained his day and night vigil.
Hope All But Vanished.
For several days it has been known
to those in closest touch at the 'White
House that hc-De for Mrs. Wilson's recovery
was slight. The president has
clung desperately to the hope that sho
migut survive the crisis, but her frail
constitution, drained by mon\hs of
never-ending illness, has been unable
to withstand the battle.
Last March Mrs. Wilson slipped on
a rug at the White House, injuring her
! spine. An operation was necessary.
j After weeks of convalescene she final!
ly arose from her bed, but tiie burden
j of a winter's activity at the White
I House, together with charity, brought
on nervous prostration. She was well
enough to attend tae wedding or her
second daughter, now LVlrs. William G-.
McAdoo, but her recuperative powers
were not lasting. Stomach trouble
added to her nervo-vs ailment and
Sright's disease developed.
All parties interested in King's
Creek graveyard please meet there at
8:30 a.,m. August 11 for the purpose
o: working off the graveyard.
W. C. Brown.
A praiseworthy effort? is "being
made by individual South Carolinians
to do what the State legislature failed
to do, that is to have South Carolina
represented at the Panama exposition.
If we ape to have .a exhibit
which will do us credit, help
must come from every county in the
ed, was conceded by those who participated
in today's conference to be a
"The main tiling to look after first,"
said Senator Smith, "is the transportation
unH nnnsumtytion of the cotton.
We want to get this coton consumed
so as not to have a surplus to gut
the market. If we can facilitate consumption
danger will be alleviated/'