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VOLUME til, SOtBEB G>. NEWBEBBY, S. C. FRIDAY, AI GCST 28, 1914. - TWICE A WEEK, tUt A HAS,
t _ _
Fred H. Domin
DOMINICK AND AlkEN !
WILL RUN OYER
DOMINIC K LEADS AIKEN IN ANDERSON.
Aiken Fails to Carry Greenwood, j
Newberry and Anderson?The
Vote in Detail.
There will be a second race for
congress in tibis district between Aiken
and Domjnick. The Herald and
News has made every effort possible
to get the official returns from the various
counties in toe district and it is
"hoped to have them official but at :
this writing we have no official vote ;!
crom Abbeville or Pickens. The
other vote as printed is official. A :
" - ? mi *
_ : : .
m hl wKBmm
phone message from Chairman Graydon
of Abbeville stated that t^e committee
was still tabulating but he hoped
to get trough in time to give us
Vvnf i-.Vk r? f avDTlt it 1
tilt; ICSUH uui mai in an j vivuv ?v
"would not be materially changed from
fc ' the vote as given below.
w Mr. Dominick leaves to is morning
for the upper portion of the district
ana will make a vigorous campaign
and with the assistance of his friends 1
he feels confident of winning in the
In speaking of the result Mr. Dojninick
said that he felt very much gratified
at the handsome vote whiclh he
had received with the great odds
ocrainct fhim Hp fppls that he has
made a clean campaign and will continue
to do the same thing until the
next election. He said that he appreciated
more than "he could say the
loyalty o? his friends and would appreciate
even more t':eir help in* the
(We have later received the official
vote from Mr. W. N. Graydon, county
chairman of Abbeville and it is in
eluded in the table below. That j
makes tiie table as puDiisnea cne om- j
? cial vote in the district with the ex- j
ception of Pickens and that has been i
verified twice from unofficial sources, j
The figures show that the opposition
candidates to Mr. Aiken lead him by
about 600 votes.
Third Congressional District.
3 I i i s I i
= : I i I i I !
Grec^rvood~ 1,170 968 5731 288 !
Anderson . 3.2161 3,333 51J 1,014
Abbeville . . 1.495] 671) 87! 248 |
? Newberry .. 1,498 1,494! 29 88 j
uconee . .. l.yii' o4Ui ?&|
Pickens . .. 1.T8S 1,164 54| 469j
Totals . . .11,079: 8,170 S69j 2.650 !
. ^ i
FL\A>CI>G COTTON CHOP
Imiortant Conference On iu Washington?President's
"Washington, Aug. 4.?Representative:
of the various branches of the ! 1
cott<n industry, in conference here to- , <
day ;vith the (federal reserve board (;
and )ther government officials, were j'
assu^d by the secretary o: the treas
ury bat properly safeguard waretous?
receipts :or cotton would be j
: For Congress
made the basis for currency issued by
tne new teaerai reserve oaiiKs.
The conference ir/mediately took up
the question of proper warehouse facilities
and discussed ttee details of
financing the crops. Secretary McAdoo
tolt! the delegation that the disposition
was to make not only cotton, but
tobacco and all other "stable products,
properly secured/' the basis of
. Called on President.
The conference, wuich represented
-- * *- J U "U ^
cotion growers, merciiams aim uauiveers
manufacturers from 22 States, after
a morning sessio* with Secretary
McAdoo and the reserve board,called
on the president. He assured twem
all the full co-operation of the National
government in their efforts to meet
the situation confronting the fcotton
industry as a result of the closing of
the European markets by war. The
president urged that every interest
do its best to help itself.
"1 am not willing - to believe," he
said, "that these conferences are intended
to call upon tae government to
rescue men who know how to take
Dare of themselves; but that tfaey are
called for the purpose of common
counsel, and for putting .at the disposal
of men who know how to take
care of themselves every legitimate
instrumentality of the government itself.
Lesson in Co-operation.
"The conferences that we have held
in recent weeks have done a vast deal,
first ot.' all to o'^ri'fy problems, and
second, and peruaps more important,
to show how by co-operation we can
solve t?'ne problem. Not all of these
problems are going to be entirely
solved, because the circumstances are
r?f cnrtT OYtranHinflrv rtiffimiltv hnt
that they will come very near to being:
solved I, for one have no doubt, provided
always we keep cool and think
of tnese things in the same s ^possessed
temper we would exercise if
conditions were not extraordinary. We
are not to be ruu away with by sudden
excitement; we are not to be imposed
upon by unusual conditions;
and the minute we sit 'down together
I am sure that we can work things
"The conference this afternoon devoted
considerable time to discussing
warehouse facilities. S. T. Morgan, of
Richmond, Va., representing t?he Virginia-Carolina
said tuat, '.ollowing the secretary's
announcement, his company had made
all arrangements for buildine cotton
warehouses throughout the South
from North Carolina to Texas. He
said that- engineers nad estimated that
warehouses could be built for from
$500 to $1,000 each, to store 1,000 to
Postmaster General Burleson urged
the cotton representatives to disregard
thp manv radical Dlans Dronosei
for dealing with the situation, suca
as the valorization of cotton, and to
concentrat i-.eir efforts toward plans
whiea would be practical under the
law. He pointed out the limitations off
the banking laws and urged that any
plan be made to conform with them.
Both the postmaster general and the
secretary of the treasury warned
against hysteria and panic.
Fayors Buying: Ships.
Tho r5iir>iicc?r\rt + (ic ffornr\r\r\ H
* "V .4*^0 Uncivil W4. iO ULWVi ' V*
oped a sentiment favorable to the proposed
purchase of ships by the government
for :he foreign trade. It was
st-ued C'-at wiih South American and
Asiatic trade routes opened to American
saips :he American cotton manufacturers
coults extend their cotton
cloths to these markets and increase
tneir consumption or raw cotton oy
1,500,000 bales. The general opinion
was that three million o." our million
bales of cotton could have been carried
over as a result of tee closing of
British, French and German mills.
Cotton manufacturers promised to
make* every effort to increase their
consumption and agreed not to force
down prices for raw cotton. Bankers
agreed to make every legitimate effort
to aid in the financing of the
The conference will meet a^ain tomorrow.
to be developed
State Committee Meets in Columbia.
Important Arrangements to
j The State, 25th.
j The warehouse committee appoint|
ed byt the recent cotton conference
j met last night at tie Jefferson hotel
j and the following were present: J.
i A. Banks of St. Matthews, C. E. Summer
of Newberry, John L. McLaurin
of Bennettsville, C. G. Rowland otf
Sumter, R. M. Cooper of Wisacky, J.
i G. L. White of Chester, C. L. Riser of
j Olar, A. B. Calvert o" Spartanburg,
j T. B. Staekhouse of Columbia, W. A.
J Stuckey of Bishopcille.
The committee organized by electing
J. A. Banks president and W. k.
j Stuckey secretary. ,
Tie following resolution offered by
T. B. Staekhouse; was adopted:
"Whereas, on the 19th day of August,
1914, the South Carolina Cotton
congress was organized in Columbia,
I South Carolina, for the purpose of
i devising ways and mean^ xor the
handling of the cotton crop of South
Carolina for the year 1914, and at said
( meeting Dr. Wade Staekhouse was
! elected Dresident of said consress.
j who, on motion, appointed a commit;
tee for the puropse of (formulating a
j plan tfor the warehouseing and financi
ing of said crop.
i "Resolved, That we, the said com'
mittee so appointed, do recommend:
"That at the county meetings, called
for next Thursday, August 27,
1914, each county elect a warehouse
j committee opposed of one live ac|
ti-ve farmer from each twonship and
1 that such committee elect its own
c.airman. That the county chairman,
elected as aforesaid, meet with
the warehouse committe of the South
j Carolina Cotton congress in Columbia,
| South Carolina on the 1st day of Sepj
ternber, 19^.4, for the purpose a! ori
ganizing a State warehouse comniitj
tee. Ti:at each county chairman at!
tend the aforesaid meeting on the 1st
i day of Septehmber, 1914, prepared to
report how much cotton can be
stored, or warehoused, in his respecj
tive county, in such manner as to be
' protected from the weather, and
j whether coton so warehoused can be
insured; and further and in addition
thereto, report to what extent the
banks in his respective county can
finance said cotton, so warehoused
and' insured, rfor a period of six
months and the amount per pound of
1 cotton the banks will be willing to
j lend upon such coton so warehoused
| and insured.
| "That at the county meetings to be
j held on Thursday, August 27, 1914,
a resolution be passed by eacu county
| organization urging the farmers not
! to offer for sale any cotton until the
State warehouse committee has formj
ulated and published some plan to
( prevent this 1914 cotton crop being
j sold at ruinous prices."
Heyss at a Prizo Winner.
| The late Paul Heyse waa probably
! the only man of letters who could
? boast of having obtained two impor!
tant literary prizes with an Interval of
j more than half a century between the
i awards. .'All the world knows that he
I got the Xobel prize. All the world
' does not know that hia play. "The Saj
bines." was allotted a prize in a
i dramatic competition as Ion# ago as
I 1857. He was a member of the Round
; Table of the good King Max of Bava|
ria. a soveroi^ whose joy it was to
i surrouir" himself with men of science
I and letters.?Pall Mall Gazette.
She Was Exact.
"I am sorry to learn your mother is
! ill." said the sympathizing teacher to
the little girl who had come i'n late.
"Is she sick abed?"
"Well, not onite." replied the truthful
child "She's just sick a-sofa."?
! "You can't dishearten the light kind
of a dog." remarked the man on the
, car. "Cut oft seven-eijihrhs of his tail
j and he will try to wigwag his love with
the remaining eighth "?Toledo Blade
Fine Remedy Indeed.
j Wife?If you can't sleep whv don't
| you soe a doctor? Husband (grouehj
Ily>?Ar>d then hare h bill to keep oue
TV\ r"v/> L? O I/\nrn'l 1
j aVVUD.C; JL \Juvut UUI.
Tut a little more in than you take
j.out and your purse will soon fill.
THE WAREHOUSE PL AX
Bill Should He Passed?Would Fr(
tect the Great Mass of Debtors.
Mr. Editor: The mass meeting
for Thursday z 4 t=n, nave Deen r<
quested to exp- ess themselves on tfc
subject of an extra session a:' ti
1 ger^^l assembly for the purpose <
passing the ware-house bill.
I believe.4hat the emergency whic
confronts us will require legislatic
more far' reaching. The warehous
j bill will be valuable in that it wi
convert cotton into a negotiable seci
i ritv. which can be discounted ur
der the new currency law. Th
new law (however, will not be i
operation :'or several months, leavir
the emergency currency act of 19(
as our only dependence.
This is a question of internation;
finance and world politics. We car
! not aporoach it aifd be intellectual]
! true n.c.ely from the sectional star
I Tr mnct 'ha
ipuiui L V^UICUU. XV lUUMV
, ered in its broaider aspect to arri"v
: at correct results. The Georgia legi:
lature is in session and ttie Texa
J legislature meets today in extra se:
sion for the special purpose df pass
| ing a State warehouse bill which i
! an almost by Mr. McQueen and m}
self last winter.
1 believe that this abnormal sii
uation demands legislation of a mor
! radical nature, and will give ra
J views in advance of these mass meei
ings for what tuey are worth. -An
: stay law which has reference on!
to a particular form of security c
class of credit would not only d(
1 stroy public and private credit, bi
| bankrupt every financial institutio
in the State.
Tfte ware-house bill should b
j passed, and in addition, every legis
j lature in the South enact a genen
; morotarium, which will protect th
| great mass of the debtors as oppos
! eO to the class of credits who, wit
i the legal power to enforce the co
lection of d?bts can if permitted i
tr.is crisis to exercise it, acquire moj
' of the property at very depreciate
j I am aware that the d
| cision in the State vs Care1
; reviewed and confirmed later in 14t
S. C., held the stay law act of 186
repugnant to t'he federal constitutio
; because of impairing the obligatio
of the contract, but this was soo
after the war and is clearly wronj
, It dees not impair the obligation c
V?n* manalr nnctrinn c
I lilt' L'Ullll (XVJl UUL U1CI CIJ pvutywuv
! the enforcement of the remedy.
. prei.er to stand on the reasoning i
(the Barry case of the elder .Tudg
; AldridJ, who was dragged from th
bench by Canby's soldiers. Sine
j the decision of the supreme coui
in the warehouse case of 1912, s
far as cotton is concerned, it is ec
, tireiy within the police powers c
J the State and the legislature ca
I do whatever it sees fit in reference t
I that nnrtirMilar oommoditv. That de
cision' may become very importaE
within the next few months. Thank
to the breadth of view, force an
power with which our court express
ed itself on this all important ques
Congress cannot pass a st$y -av
I It can only suspend specie payment
and the distinction is o?f vital impoi
tance in this crisis. War times al
ways coin new words. "Skeedaddle
was the product'of 1861 to 186;
! Morotarium in on every lip. I sup
pose it is derived from toratio, t
suspend or delay.
The stock and coton exchanges de
ciared a morotarium when they close
taeir doors and left every contrac
T ?i tVia r\o n i n nf I 0A7 (-ho KinL'5 Hp
lit IU\; y CXlUKs \J L 1 V I f LUV/ N- dared
a aiorotorium, when nr.ey re:us
eJ to give depositors money on checl<
To say that there can be a morotariur
:"or these institutions and none fo
other classes is on its face absurd, i
morotarium ( the modern stay law) i
in force today of certain cases in th
I United States. It is general through
I If fa nAf moH
UUL ?4111 upt?. ouypustr il 10 uv, uiuu
general here, what will be the result
It is computed that American se
curities are held in Europe for abou
five billion dollars, an amount equa
to the gold reserves off the entir
world!. These nations have qui
work and gone to figfiting. Produc
tive industry is at a standstill. The
cab drivers in Paris and Berlin are
>= women; the men are at the front.
Theyi must have food. The only
property they have which is salable
are these American securities, rep;s
resenting the accumulations of the
3- | 40 years which Europe has been preie
| paring for this gigantic struggle.
ie | Through these securities are they
jf! going to force the United States to
I furnish food and sold for the con
j-fl | duct of this inhuman and unnecces>n
! sary war?
>e frhe Bank of "England 'has made
11 the Ottawa Bank in Canada a branch
1- where gold trom the United States
i- can be concentrated without the risks
is 1 ot ocean transportation.
j To aid the cotton planters, con'
gress *';.as authorized the issue otf an
; enormous amount of eurrency, every
dollar of which is redeemable in
gold. It was thought when the
t_ stock exchange closed, thf.t no sale
[y, should be had for foreign held secul(j
rities, but it is (found that they are
j. j being sold anyway through irregu-e
j lar exchanges. The emergency cur
5_ rency issue will facilitate tne saie
LS of foreign securities ratiaer than cot3_
ton fdr which there will be no mar5.
ket for a period of some montihs. Our
[S 'foodstuffs, after supplying our own
needs, will be utterly inadequate to
stem this outflow of gold. Unless the
t_ i states take legislative action con|
gress will soon be forced to an act
. i to suspend specie payments a moroy
' | tariuin like Great Britain was. This
would do very little good to the
? i masses of the people. It wquld pro
tect the great financial institutions,
and leave it optional with them as
to the enforcement of domestic obit
j ligations. It would strengthen the
j strong and weaken the weak. The
! interests of tine thousand who owe
10 ! '
j money against the one who lends
! must be also considered. The banks
I in South Carolina are borrowers.
e They cannot indulge their debtoi^
5" unless protected from pressure highk
' er up.
^ j Our obligations for making tne
" present crop, will fall due principal*
, ly in October and Novenber. If we
are to have relief, it must be right
now. We cannot hope either to sell
cotton or borrow sufficient money to
* liqudate this enormous indebtedness
k wt-ich I believe amounts to. about 8
' cents for every pound of cotton in
n j the soutn. If our credit machinery
n | breaks under the strain, the suffering
n , and demoralization is something
tthat I do not like to discuss. It is
^ mnph f-n pvnprt relief froifc the
innate greed of commercialized man
| as a mere act of humanity. It ca*
n i only come by law, with conditions,
,e which could not be anticipated by
e the wise statesmanship ninety days
e ago. Congress cannot suspend the
t collection of debts in the States, it
0 can only be accomplished by the sevl~
eral states denying t'ze use of their
" courts, for a limited period under
n restricitons which, while giving !be
0 debtor breathing time, will protect
the rights' and carefully guard the
lt securities of the cerditor.
The idea is merely to preserve'tiie
status quo, and prevent the reckless
sacrifice of valuable property. Ic is
evident then that ic the legislatures
^ of the cotton states meet, that hey
wijl ha*-'e a much more intricate problem
to solve than the passage of a
^ warehouse bill. There must be
? concert of action ana- the same gen.
eral policy pursued in all the states.
We are all in the same boat and
must stapd or fall togetherr.
Fellow citizens, do not fold your
hands and wait for the federal gov^
I ernment to save you. Congress has
! gc-ne as :ar as n can. .uu.j.uuu
doing all that he can. You must
take strong, resolute and effective
action yourself. Cotton congresses,
mass meetings and speeches ge:^ :.owhere.
and t)he situation is rigfct on
n us, when we must have definite legisi*
lative action or stand and take what
. During the operation of the ruotorarium
debtors could warehouse their
cotton and allow creditors to use the
9 ! warehouse certificates for discount
through the banks, rendering the
t creditor secure and furnishing colj
lateral to obtain sufficient mo ;ey to
keep tite wheels of business moving,
.John Lowndes McLaurin.
COOPER IN LEAD
' FOR GOVERNOR
COOPER, RICHARDS, MANNNIN r
reepies tiectea Attorney tjenerai.
Jones Comptroller General.
The Other Vote.
A phone message .from Columbia at
4:30 o'clock Thursday afternoon gave
the vote for governor of the three
leading candidates as follows. All >
the rest have been eliminated by the
ballots of the people:
VVV1 JLiXl* ... . , . . ;
Manning : 23,478
For attoj 7 general the vote stood:
For railroad commissioner the race
is between Fortner and Shealy. The
vote stood: >
Shealy 28,341 >
A. W. Jones is nominated comptroller
general over J. A. Summersett.
For lieutenant governor there will
be a second race between A. J. Betbea
and B. Frank Kelley.
The following is the tabulated vote
from The State on Thursday morning.
m Min mmmi .
niHBK.. .w...... jBHmHMBHI
* "> 1
R. A. Cooper.
It will probably take the official count
to tell wfao is in the second race for
* * 99 91E
1Y1 <111 LULLg ?u
C. A. S'mitfa... ;.. 5,117
M. U Smith . . 8,766
Lien ten ant Governor. 14
Felley 40,664 .
' Total 117,490
j Peeples. 59,665
Total II o,Y88
United States Senator.
Smith - 69,777