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1 SAVING THE PUN
Actors Are Often Called Upon ti
Exercise Gubk Wit.
f SO^Z CURIOUS EXPERIENCES
Rose Eytincje Once Extemporized th
Entire Part of Lady Isabel In "Eas
Lynne"?How John Brougham Mad
a Hit Without His Leading Lady.
Quick wit has saved many an embax
rassing situation, turned many a seem
\ ingly disastrous failure into success
Politics, literature, courtesy, all ar
* served by quick tongue and read,
r Actors, as well as business men, havi
special use for quick wit, so often d
they need help out of a difficulty Gur
ing the play. A college performance
was saved from wreckage by one o
the young actors.
One of the cast, a boy easily upsel
? had just given his line. "All I need i
an advertisement," when half of hi
stage mustache fell off.
"Oh, no," said the ready youth be
side him, seeing his embarrassment
"what you need is a hair restorer."
^ And under cover of the laughter th<
victim had a chance to recover himsell
. It was surely the same readines
that enabled Rose Eytinge to g<
through one of the most extraordinar;
exDerlences any actress ever had. I]
San Francisco she was once asked t<
fill Mary Anderson's place at shor
notice, appearing with the local stocl
company. The play was to be "Eas
Lynne." By singular chance, no promp
, book could be found, nor could the:
secure a copy of the novel. Miss Ey
tinge protested that it would be im
V possible for her to play, as she ha(
never so much as seen the piece. Tha
fact they refused to believe. More
over, to add to her difficulty, thougl
all the company claimed to know thi
old drama backward, no one seeme<
to have an idea of the lines she, a:
Lady is&bel, would have to speak.
"Oh. that'll be all right," said Johi
Xf^PnUnnirh tho mnnncpr tn -whom shi
appealed. "Just you sob and look sorry
and it will go."
So Miss Eytinge, rather than caus<
the loss of closing the theater, went oi
totally unprepared to act in an abso
lutely unfamiliar play.
Tom Keene. the Archibald Carlisle
instructed her in the proper emotioi
from scen? to scene. ."Now she's j
jealous cat. a iealous cat," he woul<
whisper. "Now she's kitteny." "Nov
she's sorrv she was such a fool." "Nov
she wants her young ones." "Now sh<
up and dies."
The performance seemed to cause en
tire satisfaction to the audience. an<
McCullough. as he generously hande<
over half ilie receipts to the heroine o
the hour, declared, "Well, you ma:
have Lad to vamp that part, but I'v<
often seen it played with less soul."
The story of an experience demand
ing similar readiness of wit is told
John Brougham, the early America]
comedian and playwright. On one oc
casion. when his own clever burlesque
"Pocahontas." had been billed and th<
house sold out in advance, the leadin;
actress left without warning to tak
another position in Baltimore. Theau
dience had assembled before her ab
sence was discovered by the manage
and star. As it was that ptay or noth
ing, Brougham, who was famed for hi:
witty impromptu speeches, went befon
the curtain and suggested giving th<
piece without Pocahontas. He recalie<
the old story of the actor who playei
Hamlet so execrably that on the fol
lowing night the tragedy was givei
with that character omitted by request
"Now, if.'Hamlet' can be acted with
out the hero," he remarked, "why no
'Pocahontas' without the heroine? O
course you are all aware of the fac
that 'Pocahontas' is a mucn greaie
play than 'Hamlet.' Even if you do no
know that, I do, and I ought to, for
wrote it myself. Are you willing t<
"Go ahead!" came the cries from th<
audience, who settled themselves bad
to see the result.
<Tbe burlesque proceeded as usua
until the entrance music was playet
for Pocahontas; then, turning to ware
the audience. Brougham, as Powhatan
sadly began: "Ladies and gentlemen
that sweet strain is supposed to brinj
my daughter Pocahontas on the stage
You are already aware that she is ii
the city of Baltimore, and the steri
law of the land will not permit a Chris
tian, much less a savage, to be in tw<
places at once. Thus does the lav
protect that most useful instrument
the alibi. However, if Poky were her*
she would hasten to say"? Whereupoi
the comedian gave her linos in exac
imitation of the missing actress, keep
ing up the dialogue in two persons al
through the play. The delighted peo
pie who were fortunate enough to b<
present declared that Brougham was
G. P. Huntley tells of an inciden
that took place at an east side theatei
in London. The "gods" were booing
the piece and throwing chunks of breai
at the performers.
At last the star came forward anc
paid: "Now, look here! W ? re trying oui
best to amuse you. xnrow Dreau. 1
you like; but," he added as he stopper
and picked up a chunk, "thank heavei
l in not too proud to eat it."
The gods were vanquished.?Ann?
Bird Stewart in New York Tribune.
Labor conquers ail things. It is idle
nese that is the curse of man?not la
bor. Nothing is impossible to indua
try.?Motto of Periander.
1 OUR EARLY FLAGS
c Colonial Emblems That Led Up
to the Stars and Stripes.
THE STORY OF OLD GLORY.
! . !
e ! Twice Has the Design Been Changed i
t Since the Official Adoption of Our
e J First Flag In 1777?The Stars the \
Distinctive Feature of Our Banner.
- | The American flag is a growtn ;
i- j rather than a creation, its history can |
(. j be traced back to the twelfth century. ;
e j or nearly tXK) years prior to the tirst J
y ! "flag day," June 14. 1777.
j During the tirst crusade in 1 ?95
0 Pope Urban 11. assigned to all of the
I Christian nations as standards crosses
i varying in color and design, emblem"
: atic of the warfare in which they were
e ' engaged. To the Scotch troops was
' i assigned the white saltire, known as j
: the white cross of St. Andrew, on a j
blue field. The British used a yellow !
s j cross, but a century and a quarter
' 1 ~ A ? *4-,~ - ~ ? -3 ? MA'l AWACIO /m O |
s j later uiey uuopieu a ieu uwm .vu ,
j white field, known as the red cross of
When James VI. of Scotland ascend- !
' ed the throne of England as James 1.1
he combined the two flags and issued ,
e a proclamation requiring all ships to j
carry the new flag at tbeir mainmasts. j
s At the same time tbe vessels of south |
3 Britain were to carry at their fore- j
J masts the red cross of St. George and :
^ ' * ?-i M i.U fA /.OHHTT I
* We snips Qi uunxi onuiiu iw k.o.llj i
3 the white cross of St. Andrew.
t The new flag was kn5wn as "king 1
* colors." the "union colors." of the!
t "great union" and later as the "union !
t | jack" and was the one under which
7 | the British made all their permanent
- j settlements in America.
- I The people in the New England colo1
nies were bitterly opposed to the cross
t in the flag. In 1035 some of the troops ;
- In Massachusetts declined to march |
3 under this flag, and the military com&
: missioners were forced to design other j
1 ! flags for their troops with the cross
3 left out. The design they adopted has
not been preserved. In 1652 a mint
^ was established in Boston. Money ,
e coined in this mint had the pine tree
'?i stamped on one side of it. The'pine
tree design was also used on. New
e ! England flags, certainly by 1704 and
a , possibly as early as 1G35.
1 At the outbreak of tfie Kevoiution :
| the American colonies had no flag com- ,
'' I moo to all of tbem. In many cases the
11 merchant marine flag of England was
* i used with the pine tree substituted for
?! the union jack. Massachusetts adopted
the green pine tree , od a white
^ field with the motto. "An Appeal to
I Heaven." Some of the southern states
; had the rattlesnake flag with the mot3
i to "Don't Tread on Me" on a white or
5 yellow field. This flag had been used
f by South Carolina as early as 1764.
.. In September, 1775, there was dise
played in the south what is by many
; believed to be the first distinctively
' 4 T f KNIA TT?if o I
. I AUItfUCilU Uil^. it "iio uiuc n nu <?. |
f white crescent and matched the dress
2: of the troops, who wore caps insertb-!
ed "Liberty or Death."
>. i The colonist^ desired to adopt a comi
e: mon flag, but vuey had not yet declared
j j independence and were not at first'
e seeking independence. They took the
- 1 British flag as they knew.it and made !
k! a new colonial flag by dividing the red
r | field with white stripes into thirteen al- i
-1 ternate red and white stripes. This is :
s j known as the Cambridge flag, because
e i it was first unfurled over Washington's/
? j headquarters at Cambridge. Mass., on |
3 ! Jan. 1, 1776. It complied with the law j
! i of 1707 by having the unio . jack on \
-! it; it also represented the thirteen col- i
-i i onies bv the thirteen stripes.
?! As the colonists gradually became
- converted to the idea that independ- j
tj ence from the mother country was nec-'
f j essary they began to modify the flag,!
t first by leaving off the union jack and \
r j using only the thirteen horizontal;
t stripes. The modified flags were not al- j
I j ways red and white, but regularly c-on>'
sisted of combinations of two colors j
selected from red, white, blue and yel-;
? I low. The final modification was the re:;
placement of the union jack by the
; white stars on a blue field.
II The stars are the only distinctive feai
ture of the American flag. The charm- j
1 ing story which credits Betsy Koss
, j with making the first flag of stars and
, j stripes is still accepted oy nisrorians.;
I When Washington suggested the six
.; pointed star she demonstrated the ease
i' with which a five pointed star could be j
! made by folding a piece of paper and i
. producing one with a single clip of the
T The official adoption of our first
flag was in 1777. On June 14 of that
a year the Continental congress passed
! an act providing that "the flag of the
t i thirteen United States be thirteen
. j stripes, alternate red and white; that
1 the Union be thirteen stars, white
. on a blue field, representing a new
t i constellation." The thirteen stars were
3 arranged in a circle to symbolize the
| perpetuity of the union of the states,
t j Vermont was admitted to the Union
r! in 1791, and Kentucky in 1792. It
r; was felt that these two new states
1; ought to be recognized on the flag, so
1 in 1794 congress passed an act making
1 I the flag fifteen stars and fifteen stripes,
r / This remained the flag of the United
f! States throughout the var of 1812, un1
til there were twenty states in the
i Union. In 1816 an effort was again
made to modify the flag so that all the
i new stares woma t>e reyreseiiiea on xu
To be continually adding stripes would
make the flag very awkward in shape
. and appearance, so after arguing the
. matter for two years congress decided
. to return to the original thirteen stripes
and one star for each state.
WANDERING ISLANDS. J
Those of the Rio Grande Made Troubl* fl
For Us With Mexico.
The wandering islands of the Rio j
Grande in their migrations from side j
to side of the water course have caused
years of diplomatic c?'rre.?p.>nde?<"e and I
discussion between the^Vjited States I
and Mexico. The refusal of certain
small bodies of land to remain perma- ! I
nently attached to one or the other of I
the river's banks deprived th?m of aiB
fixed legal status as either Mexican or I
American fprritorv and lirouirht about II
their participation in many illegal adventures.
which in turn led to misunderstandings
between ti:e two countries.
In no river is spirit more evident
than in the Rio Grande. Along its
sinuous route below Rio Grande City
it pushes its way through miles of
level sand in its final reach for the
gulf, twisting and doubling upon it?elf
like a sea serpent. In 1848 it was fixed
upon as the boundary line between
the United States and Mexico. The
boundary was to be the "middle of the
river, following the deepest channel."
But the river possessed characteristics
that hnri not imnressed themselves
upon the framers of the convention as
possibl^ causes of friction between the
people living along its banks. In addition
to its eroding power, exercised
through long months of low and mean
water, it could during flood periods
leap with torrential force across *
narrow neck of land at the base of one
of its long loops and cut for itself a
new channel. Through such avulsive
action of the river Texas soil would
sometimes become Mexican, and on occasions
a plantation occupied by jacals
and Mexican citizens would overnight
find itself a part of Texas.
An example will serve to show both I
avfroA-c/UnoMT o^tinnc r>f th > rivor i I
I II^T CAIIOV/Iuiuuij IIVUW v* ? T V? I
and the difficulties in the way of any
satisfactory adjustment of conflicting
interests. A certain Josiah Turner began
to farm the Galveston ranch, on
the Texas bank. Eight years later be
was surprised when 221 acres of Mexican
land came across the river and attached
itself to his ranch. An arrangement
was effected by which he became
the owner of this land. Six years later
the river cut off a piece of Mr. Turner's
land and took it to Mexico. Twenty-one
years later the river made up its
mind to repay the farmer for what it:H
had taken from him and so carried;|
back into Texas a piece of land farjB
larger than the tract originally lost. I
The Mexican owners claimed posses- jjjj
sion. and a new contention dealing
with the questions under dispute be- I
Brigadier General Anson Mills, U. M
S. A., appointed to represent the-United
States, recommended that the "< utoffs"
be forever eliminated from the bound-;
ary line, all those occurring on the
right of the river to pass to tne juris- I
diction of Mexico, those on the left to I
that of Texas. The inhabitants, if any, jl
should retain their citizenship in the 11
country from which they had been so;B
suddenly and violently detached, or! I
they might acquire the nationality ofjj
the country to which they were nowjH
attached. Any cutoff exceeding 6o0 11
acres in area and having a population jl
of over 200 souls was not to be consid- jl
ered a banco, and the old bed of the j
river should remain the boundary. A
convention embodying his recomme;ada- j
tions was finally ratified by both coun-j
tries. Thus the great turbid, silt bear- j
ing river is left to pursue its way un- j
trammeled, but the terrors so long syn-1
onymous with its name tave through '
the operation of this equable arrange- [
ment become a part of the storied, ro- j
Corpuscles In Normal mooa.
Normally there are approximately
5,000,000 red blood corpuscles in the
cubic millimeter. The number is tem-'
porarily diminished during fatigue and
after the ingestion of much fluid. Fasting
and profuse sweating increase the
number of red blood cells by concentrating
the blood. In high altitudes
the number is also increased. There
are 5,000 to 10,000 white cells ir the
cubic millimeter, the ratio of white to
red cells being about 1 to 500. In
health the blood amounts to about onethirteenth
of the body weight
New Zealand Oddities.
The crow in New Zealand strikes as ,
sweet note as any head in the wood-1
land. The robin has no song and no :
red breast. The native hen is the great- j
L-uiors Thprp is n cateroillar !
which turns into a plant. These and^
some other productions of nature have J
dorie/or New Zealand what the kanga
roo and the.ornithorhynchus have done JI
for Australia?given it the suggestion j g|
of oddity and the marvelous.
"Son, you mustn't carve your name j I
on the piano. Another such episode I
and I'll punish you severely."
"Dad. how can you expect me to I
carve my name in the temple of fame I
when you won't let me get any prac- I
"Do you know anything about music
"Yes," replied Mr. Growcher.
"What's a rest?"
"The time it takes 'em to change the
record in the music machine next
Mrs. Exe (complainingly)?Such servInts
as we get nowadays! Mrs. Wye
?Well, one can't expect all the virtues
for $4 a week, you know. Mrs. Exe?
But I pay $5.?Boston Transcript
In the battle of life we cannot hire
i substitute.?Harold Bell Wright
' Fall Prii
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