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COTTO.X ARMY WORM
Catechism By Entomological Division j
of I'lemson (olleere? Farmers
Special to The Herald and News.
Clemson College, Sept. 1.?Late cotton
In many parts of the Piedmont is :
seriously threatened' by the cotton
army worm, or cotton caterpillar,
which has made its appearance very
c.riHonK- Tpipg-rams and letters are
being received by the extension and
entomological divisions of Clemson
College in which urgent requests '.or;
help are made. T.iis caterpillar works
with amazing rapidity when it begins
on a cotton field and any preventive
fctfps must u? taken >s .-ccr as the |
pest is discovered; otherwise, they
will not avail. i
The entomological division a' Clemson
College has prepared the catechism
given below, whic'* all farmers
are advised to lead carefully. This
gives all essential information ahout'
the cotton army worm. Farmers are j
advised to keep close watch on their
fields and to take the measures re- j
commended just as soon as the first
#signs of the insect are seen.
i>iie caiecnism is iuuuho. ,
1. What is the cotton caterpillar?
iAn insect having four life history
stages:?(a) eggs laid on t'he food
plants; (b) Caterpillars resembling
corn ear worms, which hatch from
these eggs: (c) Pupa; when the caterpillar
becomes full grown it either j
':olds a lea^ over itself or suspends
itself by a silken thread from a;
branch and changes to the resting or
pupa: (d) moth, wlhich comes 'from
2. Why called cotton army worm?
Because when the caterpillars are
adundant they travel in droves and:
?.?this suggest me name. ,
3. What are its food plants?
Cotton is the normal food plant and \
nothing else will be molested if an !
abundant supply of tender cotton can 1
4. Is serious damage over large'
areas expected this season?
vr, in ma.nv field? the parasites of
this insect are very abundant, having
been bred by the common grass army '
worm. In sections where parasites
are very abundant tfrey should control
any out break off the .cotton army
5. When first seen what should be
Kill t~e worms as far as practicable ;
by one or more of the methods sug- j
gested below or others that the situa- J
tion may suggest. '
6. When confined to a field of cot
' tio nrpvpntprl from '
1011 L'illl L?iC.? u<_ isA ^ ,?
Yes. you can plow a deep furrow i
around the field and when the worms
pile up in the furrow drag a long i
r through it. Poison t?e adjoining margins
of cotton fields. a road or
drive way separates the infested from
the threatened crop, use drag in kill>
ing caterpillars when crossing.
7. W:en a crop is generally invested
what can be done? :
S. What are the poisons?
\-rcon-^tp r?f lead. Paris green, and
London purple are best in order nam -1
9. How much poison is used per
About two pounds, less for very
young cotton and two and a half to
three pounds for cotton more than
three feet high.
10. How is powered arsenate of'
lead prepared for use?
It is ready for use when purchased. !
11. How is Paris green prepared? J
By mixing it, equal prats wit'h air j
12. How is Ix>ndon purple prepar- 1
Same as Paris green. It is not recommended
except in extreme emergencies.
IS. Is there danger o<* burning
foliage and injuring plants?
.Arsenate of lead does not burn. 1
Paris green and London purple may
"burn more or less severely, therefore
powered arsenate of lead is emphatically
14. What is a practical way of" applying
On small areas dust it through a
cheese cloth bag attached to the end
of a stick. j
1."). What is fc'.ie most practical j
way of dusting large areas?
Two sacks and gole carried on
16. How is this made?
A strip of wood three inches wide,
one inch thick and one foot longer j
than width of rows. Six inc-r.es from |
each end bore * hole oinc inch or
more in diameter. Hike two sacks of
eight ounce duck six inches deep and
J 20 inches long and about the width
j[ of the strip of wood. The open edges
uniriiH trv t-hp pnds of the strio i
ifX l e lat ivvu w ?
(called pole) and these can be filled j
with poison through t'l:e auser hole j
L in the ends c*T the pole. A funnel can !
1 used to advantage.
17. How large an area can a man
poison in a day?
With the apparatus Vor poisoning
two rows at a time, carried 011 horse
back (as explained in question Xo. 1G)
on1 man can poison 20 acres per day.
IS. Is there danger of poisoning
Yes, after one or two heavy rains
there is practically no danger, nor
i;fter an interval of about three weeks.
Vhe only case of stock poisoning
known are those where poison was
wasted when filling sacks and stock
broke into the field.
19. Do these poisons aggravate
wounds or sores on man or animals?
Some times they do. Before using
the poison it is well to cover open j
sores or wash them after the work [
20. How can 1 prevent the mule
from eating poison cotton?
Muzzle the mule.
21. Will poison blown on the mule
be injurious to the animal?
iWash the mule after the work is
22. Using the stick and bag meth- I
od, how do 1 know when I am dusting j
the right amount? !
By weighing pole and. sacks before '
and after dusting a known area. Use |
good judgment. A small variation is
23. Ween is the best time to dust? '
In the morning when the dew is on
and no heavy wind?
z-i. Aiay tne sac/is loucn uie luucige
Xo. It in treferes with the amount '
passing out of the sack. When the <
.leaves are moist it will clog the sack.
25. How can I regulate the amount
of poison dusted? |
Bv judiciously varying the amount
of Jaring of the pole.
26. Is it important that the poison
be dusted uniformly?
Yes it is very important.
27. Is it necessary to repeat dust- j
ing immediately after a heavy rain? |
It is rarelv necessary with arsenate :
of lead, but Paris green and London j
purple wash off easily. Tr.ose poisons
must be dusted after rain. .
28. When an army of caterpillars (
is not tnreatening a crop, snouici wiey :
be destroyed by poisoning or other- j
Every time. This is to reduce as far J
as possible the generations which are |
BILL BECOMES LAW I
Blease Sigrns This Measure and
Anipmimpnf to Fisheries Bill.
News and Courier.
(Columbia, Sept. 1.?(Governor Blease ;
this afternoon signed the vital statis-!
tics bill and tue amendment to the I
fisheries bill. These bills were both
passed in the closing days of the last
legislature and have been held by the
governor in his office until today,
when he signed and sent tnem across
to tlie office of the secretary of State.
The vital statistics bill provides for
t>.e registration of all births and
ileati.s in South Carolina under a local
registrar to be appointed by the State
board of health, which body is charged
with the duty of organizing this work
and preserving the records. The local
* 1 ? ? orr fAn no
omcer is 10 receive - .? tcuio iui ^uvu j
registration. T~is bill is looked on as ;
one of tiie most important forward
steps in the State and was known as
the Lawson-Harper-McCarvey measure.
It was to have gone into effect
To Protect Shad.
The amendment to the fisheries
measure provides that no shad shall
be caught within 20 miles o:' the
mouth of any river between March 25
and December 31 of each year and [
from 20 miles to tie suorce of any
river. It prohibits the catching o: shad
between May 1 and Decemberf 31. Xo
sturgeon is to be caugi.it within 20
miles of the mouth of any river from
June 1 to January 1, and no sturgeon
is to be caught from 20 miles to the
source of any river between July and
January 1. There is also a provision
prohibiting the catcning of sturgeon
for a period of three >ears beginning
January 1, 1016. The penalty is a fine
ranging from *2~> ro $H>0, or imprisonment
from 10 to 30 days.
Both oc' t'nese measures are constructive
pieces of legislation and the
vital statistics bill is a very important
measure. It is said that South Caroline
is the only Siate whidh did not
have sucn a law.
He Meant Well.
"But, Capt. Hawley," said the
handsome Miss Piute coquettishly,
"will you love me when I grow old
??TVT? HTic?c? Plutft *' 5T15VVPrPfi
iViv ucai m'oo j- iuw, ? ? . .
the captain you will never grow uglier."
And he wondoro 1 why iheir friendship
so s uld-?nly.
WOMEN WHO ARE!
May Find Help in This
Swan Creek, Mich. ?"I cannot speak |
too highly of your medicine. When (
through neglect or
PlMBiil! overwork I get run !
lillPiiPt down and my appeWHf
iM tite is poor and I
Ifpsf fSjill nave that weak, lanfK
vJT]lp guid, always tired
Mm -=^v lil feeling, I get a hot- j
jplflirVs. tie of Lydia E. Pink- I
Compound, and it
\ V&builds me up, gives
\ rne strength, and re'
t "*> stores me to perfect
health again. It is truly a great blessing
to women, and I cannot speak too
highly of it. I take pleasure in recommending
it to others."?Mrs. Annie
Cameron, R.F.D., No, 1, Swan Creek,
Another Sufferer Relieved,
Hebron, Me. ?'4 Before taking your [
remedies I was all run down, discour- i
aged and had ferr-aie weakness. I took !
Lygia E. Pinkham s Vegetable Com- j
pound and used the Sanative Wash, and
find today that I am an entirely new
woman, ready and willing to do my '
housework now, where before taking j
3'our medicine it was a dread. I try to :
impress upon the minds of all ailing
women I meet the benefits they can
derive from your medicines."?Mrs.
Charles Rowe, R. F. D., No. 1,
If you want special advice
write to Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine
Co., (confidential) Lynn,
Mass. Your letter wil be opened,
read and answered by a woman
and held in strict confidence* ,
COOPER ISSUES STATEMENT 1
Former Candidate tor Governor Explains
Position?Bollot for His
.Laurens, Aug. 30.?Robert A. Cooper,
accompanied by his litle daughter,
left this a-'fternoon for the mountains
of North Carolina, where he
will spend a few days resting after
the strenuous campaign through
wnien ne nas jusi passeu.
.Mr. Cooper was asked last night by
a representative of the press if he
cared to make a statement in reference
to the recent election and replied
"I am deeply gratful to the people
of the State ior the magnificent vote
given me in the first primary. The c
support given me in my own county
and the other counties of the Pied- i
mont section where I am best known i
is amply sufficent to take the sting j
and bitterness out of my defeat. 1
V*-* *?r.r* rv?tr rrrotif t/% n A , 3*
Ld.II lUHJ' CAJLJ1 CSO 1X1J ?iaubuu^ tv/ uuv
thousands 0.' friends who rallied so r
nobly and unselfishly to me, but I
shall endeavor to so act the f ture [
as to. show them that their confidence
was not misplaced." j
Do you propose to take any part in
the contest between Messrs. Manning ?
and Richards, Mr. Cooper was asked.
"I shall cast my vote for Ric.ard ~
I. Manning and do w.hat I can to promote
his election," he replied. Continuing
Mr. Cooper said: "I believe
Mr. Manning is in a position to better
_ . i
serve the State than is Mr. Richards.
"My slogan throughout the campaign
was :'\rote for your State' and
I shall iollow the advice given to
'I do not for a moment think that I
could deliver the vote cast for me to
any other candidate, and I have no
disposition to do, but if I shouiQ
at ti'iis time refrain .irorn stating
position I would be misunderstood,
and I make this statement in order
that there shall be no doubt now or
1 -T- - J. 1, T "
nereauer as lu wncie i oiauu.
Of course there was great disap- "
pointment in Laurens when it became
known that Mr. Cooper had been debarred
from making the second race
for governor, but all have joined in
congratulating him on the magnificent j
vote he'received ':'rom all parts of the j
State. He has been overwhelmed j (
with telegrams and letters from j
friends throughout t'.:e State express- !
ing regret and at the same time offer- j
in<? congratulations on his manly cam- i
paign and great vote :'or the highest j
office in the State.
At a deadly dull winter resort in
the South, where people renlly go to j
rest.a visitor one day sought excite-. i
ment by interviewing an old fisher- J
"This is a dangerous coast, sir," he
said. "Many an' many a man has
been drowned off that there bar?"
"But none of fhe win tor visitors %
* ? ^ ~ T 'v*- lin t'a f V* att 9'* 1 i
nave ever ueeu iusl ucic, nave t
asked the visitor, to reassure his
"Xo, Visitors is seldom lost. After
a tide or two their bodies generally
washes ashore." L
Are the mer
and foolish exf
'the Bank, wher
and where you <
cash in time of i
OF ALL KINDS life A
I> >0 OTHER
ine is such strict attention demandid
as in the compounding of drugs. In
)rder to avoid the disastrous resuil
mtuiled by carelessness, we employ
lone but he most reliable clerks,
f we compound your medicines for
rou, you can relv upon their accu
Vlayes' Drug Store
?hone 138 Newberry, S. C
\idney Trouble?if you * ?tf, write today
for sample bottle of Whittle's
Epsom-Lithia water. The most ef- 1
fee.tive water for curing Rheumatism,
Diabetes, Brights disease. A j
wonderful Uric Crystal solvent and
Acid Eliminator. Heals the weak
Kidneys Readily. Write at once
Whittle Springs Co., Whittle
Springs, E. Tenn.
* 11 I
Sum me Hand College
For Young Women!
Bourses: Literary, Music, j
(Piano, Voice, Violin.)
Preparatory course for those |
not sufficiently advanced
to enter College,
Vext Session Begins Sept. 16
For catalogue address
P. E. MONROE,!
Leesville, S. C.
i * i*
ed m Lid
who HAVE THE I
MONEY. Cut out v<
>enditures and put the
'e it will draw compoui
:an get it when you wan
< A /TMAA I1 WAIIAI*
Liccu id a gicai iciici* i
some money. $1.0(
dewberry, S. C.
/SBSh The T
The telephone goes hanc
The telephone overcome
cles of bad roads and make
farmer and other rural residei
ness in the city and r
roads are imDassable.
Progressive farmers are i
roads and telephones. The
modern civilization are doing
toward eliminating the isolat:
You can have a telephone in
small cost. Send a postal f<
giving complete information.
FARMERS' LINE DEP
SOUTHERN BELL TELE
T>!7? rfn A
Sell Us Your 0
We will allow you cred
worn oui) in exuiaiij
Jewel, 2 quart fountain syi
Credit for old syringe
Costs you only
Queen, 2 quart fountain syi
Credit for old syringe
j Costs you only
3 Magnolia, 3 quart fountain
Credit for old syringe ....
Costs you only
Think of getting s
B m i n /v a c rm
ill d y i 111 g ^ o x vj
EVERY ONE WARRi
GILDER & 1
4ERVE TO -
it money in f
it it. Ready
) opens an
1 in hand with good
s many of the obstas
it possible for the1
its to transact busiicighbors
nsisting upon good
;se two agencies of
more than all others'
ion of country life,
your home at very ?
or our free booklet19
J % *'
lit for it (even if |
*e as follows:
ifiMrcQ $1 fifl
L lllg^ \y \s
uch values ^
r 75 cents
INTED BY If