Newspaper Page Text
j|| VOLUME LII, MJMBEB 81. NEWBERRY, S. C* ITESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1914. TWIC1 A WEEK, 91M A YXAB,
I- GERMANS TAKE ANTWERP
AFTER LONG SEIGE
i POWERFUL FORTS OF STRONGEST
M FORTIFIED CITY IN ?OKLD
Match for Colossal Howitzers
Belgian Army Escapes to Osteal.
London, Oct. 10.?Antwerp and the
forts surrounding the city are in complete
possession o.~ the Germans, but
^1 - ^ ^ + A !}/-*] crio vi QT>mV
tne greater pa.it, w- wic mim*
."as escaped. It took the Germans just
11 days to capture the strongest fortress
in the world. T-e cit'y was set
~ +V?A r>-? 1 >1 cliolls:
iuii'e in yxaces u v mc uuumu
The fall of Antwerp is evidence that
even the most powerful forts are no
F match for the coloossal howitzers
which the invaders have successfully
employed against every fortified place
that stood in their way. These 'huge
guns open gaps through w.. icii the besiegers
:ind entrance for their field
artillery and infantry.
The Germans, after shelling the city
itself for many hours, making it un
tenable, entered tlie town t-rough the
suburb of Berchem, to the east. T. oj.
had made a breach in the outer line ui
I forts, some o. which were destroyed
by t-eir big guns and others blown up
by the de.enders.
The inner forts, like those further
' UUL, swii sutuumucu iu mc ciiwiiiiuua
shells and on Friday morning several
of these forts had itallen, opening t'.:e
way for the Germans into the city. By
midday they were in'occupation of the
town and at 2: SO p. m. the war banner
on the (Cathedral was replaced by a
^ A few forts continued to hold out,
r and it was not until ii ociocK.tms
morning t.'.at the Germans, according
to their own official report, were in
complete possession of the city and
fortress. When they armed yesterday
I they found teat the Belgian field army
m and at least part of the garrison bad
anticipated theiy, and, like the king
and royal family, had. escaped.
The death jo 11 resulting from the
attack on tile deience of Antwerp has
not been probably the
i -ull deiaillHMHRHjbe known, but
all accounts oescrib^^as being heavy/
T:.e Germans, although their big guar
cleared a path for them, .bad to sacrifice
many lives in crossing the rivers
and canals and in driving out t}.:e ce
fendei-s, who held the entrencnments
until the last.
The stubbornness of the Belgians
and of those who went to their assistance
cost them dearly/ also, so that
both sides have long casualty lists.
There is no reliable information as to
the loss of life in the cit';< and the damage
Crowds of refugees arrived tonight
in London. Most of them left Antwerp
Thursday night and their accounts of
the attacks are confused. The Belgians
themselves, besides destroying forts,
blew up steamers at the docks and set
fire to the petrol stores and everything
useful to the invaders. They also took j
'Nfc away what the transports could carry. J
Bereiem, where the military and I
otier hospitals, tT.:e orphanage ana
some public buildings are stituated, is
reported to be destroyed. Even i* this
is an exaggeration it must be badly
damaged, as it was (burning at least
Marks for Shells.
une Antwerp railway station aiso
made marks for the shells from the
"big guns 'but, according to some of
those who have reached here, the
cathedral, which is on the other side
of tJ'ae city nearer the Scheldt, while
struck, was not 'badly damaged. The
inmates of the hospitals and other in<
' ? mi a
sutuiions ^vere remwea iiiursuay, or
earlier, so that they 7,-ere well out of
the way before the Germans arrived.
? A question now arising is as to the
effect upon the general campaign of
the German occupation of Antwerp,
f Toe Belgian garrison, or the greater
part of it, escaped, and is reported to
"be engaged with the Germans.
The strategic importance of Antwerp
consisted in its menace to the
German lines running through Belgian.
Xow matters have been reversLi
ed and the. allies will have to take
their trun injteeping forces before the
c:iv to prevent the Germans from Antwerp
attacking their flank or rear j
should they be able to advance. The
Germans propose, according to the
Belgian reports, to use the city as a
hasp for onerations asrainst England.
May Build >Var Craft.
So long as Gneat Britain commands
the sea 11c great part o:' the German \
navy can use fc-e port, even should
Germany overrule Holland's objection
to the use c<.' the So eldt >by belligerent j
.s'Mps. German'y it is thought, may j
claim thai, ibeing in possession cf the :
city, she acquires Belgian s rigru iu
use the river on equal terms with the
Dutch and will proceed to build destroyers
and submarines there to menace
the British fleet.
If Holland should allow these ves
~"! A * T??/y
seis to pass i>-rcugu me ouutuuc, tugland
it is declared would certainly
proclaim it a breach of neutrality. In '
any case, Holland's position becomes
more and more uncomfortable.
Allies Holding Out. !
In France, according to the French
communication, the allies have maintained
their positions in spite of violent
attacks at several points. The '
cavalry still is engaged along tne Bel
gian 1'rontier and across it, each side
trying to work around the other's
wing. This movement lias compelled
the Germans to withdraw some troops
from other parts of the line a^d the
allies are seizing tae opportunity to
The communication reports tl:at to
the north of Oise the French troops
have attained a real advantage in sev- !
eral parts of their zone of action while
in the St. JVlihiel region, where they
are trying to drive the Germans back
across the Meuse, appreciable progress
has been made.
Situation in East,
The German and Russian forces on
^ i-'.- n -u A :
tne Jtasx rurssian irontwr are 11:51111113
stubbornly. Toe Russians apparently
continue to make progress slowly, and
the Germans, evidently fearing another
invasion of East Prussia, according
to news :rom Berlin received through
Rome, are sending reinforcements to
their army, both 'by railway and
through the Baltic ports.
An uncificial dispatch from Petrograd
says the Russians have occupied
Itfarggrabowa, which is eight
miles over the frontier in East Prussia,
almost due west 01 Suwalki. This
would indicate t.:at the Russians .have
overcome in this region <o. German
resistance, which has beeu jf longer
duration than at any other section, after
the Germans were driven back
from their attempt to cross the Xiemen.
Lyck which also has been occupied
by ihe Russians, is 13 miles south
nf Alar?oTiahf>wa. %.
Petrograd has drawn fc-e viel for the
time being over tie operations in
Western Poland wfc-ere a great battle
The fortress of Przemysl, in Gaficia,
still holds oat. ibut it is reported that
additional forts have fallen and that
the town is being 'bombarded. A
power factory is said to have 'been
blown up. Fighting also continues in
Hungary, w^ere another Russian 'force
- - "? - ! J i-1- - ?
is said to nave arnveu soum i>i ?vi<u<imaros-Sziget.
The death of King Charles, o: Roumania,
is likely to ihave marked effect
on that country's action with regard
to the. war. The late King, who belonged
to the Hoaenzollern family,
was opposed to Roumania joining with
the allies, also a majority of the people
favored the government's taking
advantage oT the opportunity to annex
.Transylvania, which is populated
largely by Roumanians. It is doufct-,
ed whether the new king will have .
sufficient influence to keop this country J
out of the war, even should he desire
to do so. [
Germany seems to think Portugal is j
about to declare for the allies. This j
belief probably is based upon the fact,
that the French and British warships
have been visiting that country- in con- j
nection with the celebration of the establishment
of ihe republic.
Lisht From Mushrooms.
Mushrooms growing 011 decayed \
wood often have a degree of brilliancy
that, w'hen they are placed on a newspaper,
will enable one to read the
in their vicinity with- no other ;
light. One species of mushroom in \
Australia, 16 inches in diameter, was |
of such brilliacy that, seen from a '
distance, its light frightened the natives.
COTTON MEMiERS ;
SEEK FEDERAL AID;
MAY FIGHT ADJOURNMENT I> EFFORT
TO SECURE LEGISLATION
No Federal Loans Likely?1The President
Has Made This Clear In
News and Courier.
Washington, Oct. 10.?Demagogues
who have inspired fa:se hopes of
J 1 C 1 1 a or? f lo M* An frvr t n O
Lfuerai lUiaildax iC5isn;wuii j.v/1
benefit of distressed cotton farmers
!!r-ave created a situation t-iat makes
i'.:e majority of Southern Congressmen
afraid to go home.
A number of cotton State delegations
ha.e held meetings within the
past fortnight and decided to throw
their influence against adjournment
unless federal relief sliali liave been
first a'forded to t..e cotton growers in ,
their trouble. I.
It is probable iliac tiiere will be adjournment
in ten days or so in spite
o. this attitude of the "cotton ::ieml'crs,'*
because the great majority of
congress wants to adjourn and most
of the party leaders, including the t
president are also for adjournment.
But if the question were left exclusively
the Southern congressmen
this session would run right into the
Wilson's Way Best.
There, has never <been a better illustration
of the ignoble standards that
are apt to prevail in what is called
"politics." }Iost of these congressmen
know very well that there Is not going
to be any more financial legislation
of importance ai this period. >.o
bill for direct lending of money to
the farmer, for direct lending of
money to State banks, or for valorization
of cotton or any other product
could pass this congress. Even- h it !
could^pass it would encounter the j
presidential veto. State delegations
which t-ave vvisited the White ,
House to talk with Mr. Wilson ,
have been given to understand this
very plainly whether they have seen
fit to teii' ineir consutuems so or ujl.
It cannot do tlie cotton (farmer or
any other farmer or citizen any good
to deceive him. It can only iAirt
him in t.'.:e end. In telling the delegations
which come to see him about
co it oil' that he is opposed to any "fiat
money" or valorization or direct lend
ing propositions, 'because >.:e thinks
that they are apt to endanger the government's
credit. He is "lacing t'.:e
the right thing. He is "facing the
music" and he is not worrying about \
whether it affects "small polities'' or
not. In the same way those members
and senators who have frankly told >
their people in the cotton States that
nothing is to be expected from federal
legislation for their especial ben'
^ J I o. l-? / ! A VI A +lllAT r? fl n f xr
till 111 I'ilb CI IS IS Ilcl> C UUUC lilCil VILII-T
like men ?like statesmen, as distinguished
Bank head's Backbone. !
Xobody has told the facts j -bout the
cotton situation as it is concerned
with federal legislation ar.y more
clearly then Senator B&nknead of
Alabama, wtio has not be-m mentioned
very frequently in tbe states- !
It takes a lot of intellectual backbone
to say at a time like inis what
Senator Bankb.ead said to th<j farmers
oJ Alabama in a letter whici. be published
in all toe papers of the State,
in their issues of October 4, snd which j
he inserted in the "Congressional Record
otf October 8. In that statement the
aged but vigorous senator, who is a
veteran of We cull war ana nas seen .
many crisis in his day, told the truth
to Alabamans as follows:
"If every senator and congressman
from the cotton growing Stages should
drop every other subject and give his
entire attention to a (bill providing
that t'.:e government should buy a por- j
tion of the rtotton crop at a f xed price
or loan money directly to the farmer,
secured -by the cotton, at a certain
price, it wouia De impossiDie 10 secure
the passage of such a bill.
"The cotton growing States have
20 senators out of 96 and 98 congressmen
out of 435. TThe people of the
other States are interested in the low
Drice of cotton, just as our people are
interested in cheaper flour and woolen
goods. The producers of many other
articles are likewise in distress as a
result of the war and are looking
about i.'or relief. When it is proposed
that the government dl:ould buy or
[end on cotton thd suggestion is promptly
imade to include copper, tobacco,
naval stores, and various things produced
Vy other sections of the coun
"I feel it to be my duty to the people
of Alabama to notify th?-m t..at
their representatives in Washington j
can secure no legislation looking to !
the purchase of- cotton or lending of
money to t'.'.e farmer on his cotton as
securit.v. Certainly no legislation can
be secured in time to relieve the present
"I think it would be wicked for me
to hold out any false hope to our people.
It is the duty of a representative,
according to my conception, to deal
frankly and candidly with the people.
If'he realizes he cannot secure the reA
, , , ,
lief t_ey desire, lie snouia so aavise
[hem, so that they will hot (make tneirplans
upon a foundation o. sand.
"Eve-y senator and congressman in
Washington who knows anything
about t.:e situation and is candid
enough to admit it realizes that no law
can jo passed at t'-is time i'or the
government to buy cotton or to loan
money uiicci iu LUC ui.uci.
Senator Bankiiead thinks that the
only ..easi'j^e plan for relieving the
distressed cotton farmer is for the
cotton States to 'buy wit^i ibonds and
impound one-half of the 1914 cotton
and issue bonds to cover it, making
these bonds receivable for taxes and
State dues. He holds that the State
must .heLp themselves if they expect
any help at all. There is a serious
question whether the remedy he proposes
is a good one, but there is no
real question that he is correct when
he sa'ys that there is not going to be
any such .federal cotton legislation as
misleading prophets predict and misguided
PRETTY l.URESS WEDDING
Larire Company Witness Lake-Finney
Laurens, Oct. 10.?T'.:e home of Mr
and r.Irs. Thos. D. Lake was the scene
of a very 'pretty home wedding Wednesday-evening,
when their daughter,
Miss Hetj.y.Lake and Mr. Joseph Puinne^
o? Clinton, were united in marriage.
Tie Lake residence was el
aborately decorated for. tllie occasion
and a large company of friends and
relatives assembled to witness the nuptials.
The wedding maro'.i was played
by Mrs. E. W. Ferguson, of Clinton,
an aunt o^' the ibride. The bride
entered tne parlor with her sister. Mrs
Fleming Jones, while t'.ie groom was
attended by his ibest man, th-i party
^ ^ /\ /I VVTT -f V> fl rwi* C\Y+ rri vl c*
utJUHo pi ctcucu uy one s,n 10.
The ceremony was performed toy the
Rev. M. L. Laiwson, pastor of the First
Baptist church. Following the ceremony
the guests were served refreshments,
after which the bridal party
left tor Clinton and from thence Mr.
and Mrs. Phinney left for a hridal trip.
The groom is a prominent young
citizen of Clinton a member of one of
the oldest families of this section of
^ ' ' - -TT?_ t j _ U."U ~,1
me State, ms Driue me seuuau uitusnter
of Mr. and 'Mrs. Lake is an accomplished
young ladV> and very popular
in the social and church circles of the ,
>*ear Fatal Accident.
Balaam Sims, who Las 'been in a
condition from injuries re-;
ceived while returning (:rom Columbia
Friday night in tlhe car he was
driving, and who was not expected to
live until morning, was somewhat im- j
proved on Monday; He was driving j
at a rapid rate when the car turned j
over in a ditch four miles south of
Newberry, curshing his chest, break- |
? 1 ?L'^ ~ J Afiin AfV?AP
ing several rius ctuu xuuiuuug uu??
internal injuries. The other occupants
escaped with slight injuries.
iThe car which is owned by Cook ,
and Wilson and being run as a trans- 1
fer by Sims had the wind sihhield and j
a vneei DroKen, wun oiutr uainasca. i
Barney Phelan, Father Healey's
servant, was celebrated for his reidy
wit. One day, while he was serving |
a dinner, one of tihe guests said to ,
him: "Barney, why is my ankle
placed beiwen my calf and m^ foot?"
"Begorra, I dunno," replied Barney;
"unless it is to keep your calf from
eatin' your corn."
TILLMAN SAYS LET 1
STATF RAfK PFOPIF.
u ? Am tM <#ta VA& a uv> MM .
VOTING CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT
TO INCREASE PUBLIC DEBT
Favors a Warehouse La>v?Believes
Supreme Court Would Declare
Proper Act Constitutional,
Xtws and Courier.
The News and Courier has received
a copy of the following letter from
Senator' B. R. Tillman, winch will
ipro> e no doubt interesting reading
matter just at this time:
Trenton, S. C., Oct. 9, 1914. j
Mr. J. T. Collins, Chester, S. C.
My Dear Sir: Yours of October 5
received. I realize your condition per- |
fectly and sympathize with the '&rmers
wco owe you, too. I do not
know what to suggest or how to help
our fellow citizens who are in this
predicament. Sad to say there are
very many o: them in distress. I am
hoping t. at the legislature will enact
a law promptly providing for a sensible
warehouse scheme and that c'.:e
State will get behind its own c::izens
with its credit by voting a constitutional
amendment to increase the public
debt for this purpose. Possessing
the power of taxation as it does
to ere is absolutely no reason why
it should not do this. Until South
Carolina and other Southern States
show their willingnes to -back toeir
own people it is idle to expect toe Xaional
government to do. it. I believe
toe State supreme court would declare
a proper warehouse law constitutional
provided the people at the next election
vote to increase the public debt
for that purpose. "The legislature can
act immediately and as the election
comes off in November everything
could be* satisfactory adjusted in this
way. South Carolina can thus save
i.s c'a n .citizens whether other Southern
States do or not. I doubt very
seriously, however, whether any law
loking to the decrease of acreag# or
forbidding the planting of ny cotton
at all will stand the test of consti
tutionality. It is worth trying, However.
I myself expect to sow all the oats I
can gef in the ground and will fertilize
them well with cotton seed meal
and acid phosphate, two home products.
The land may wait ;or potash
until the Germans are licked. Luckily
most of the land in tJliis State has
enough potash in it already to make
j ~ ~ ~ ~ i r-t inoro ]
oii0 or two crupb, lui it 10 <x lixixi^x ui
which does not leach out. All the
soils above the i.alls in our rivers
have a natural supply.
I (believe the reduction of acreage
will settle itself without legislation, '
simply because nobody is able or will- :
ing to advance mo'ney or supplies to '
? - ~ L1- x r" ^ ^ ^ r\-r* .rvAunH Tt i o
grow CO'LlOIl <AL < utruuo JJUUHU. n
like li.ting one's self over a fence by
his boot straps.
This European war has certainly hit
the Soutn a hard blow. We V.ave beI
fore seen cotton very low, but every !
thing else was low then, too. Xow j
everything we have to eat, especially |
meat and flour, is very high, and th-, i
cost of growing cotton is probabl'y J
double what it "was in 1890.
I see no reason why the National
J ~ ~ V* O c f ffofti T1 <y
goverunrein uues uui uaoau
the national reserve 'banks in condition
to begin operation. We have heard
for a long while tfiiat the machinery
would ibegin to move on OctOber 1. The
national government could recognize
warehouse receipts ?s good collateral,
and I believe it will do provided
j-T- - i+o,lra concnThle action
XII6 OliUCS 1.11 OL milt Muuvovtb ?
in regard to this matter. I do not think
Uncle Sam will, or ought to he expected
to come to our help until we
hare exhausted all of our own resources
and have done those things
which are necessary. There never was
a time when the old adage, "God helps
those who help themselves," was more |
applicable and had more truth. If:
the people of the State demand a sen- j
sible and practicable law, the legisla-1
ture will enact it, and the governor ,
will sign it, too.
Our. home "banks, if they would only j
cease being greedy hogs and do their ;
duty towards the people, could get us
?n tvio Tx-ii/jprnpss. It is ore-1
CLLL \J U I* i. cuv if ? _
posterous and criminal for those
banks to draw money from the United
States government at 3 per cent interest
"to assist the farmers in marketing
their cotton crop" and then give j
it to merchants and manufacturers,
and then of some few fanners are fortunate
enough <to foe able to put up the
proper collateral charge them 6 per
cent and 8 iper cent. Secretary McArioo
has the ma/!hiner,v already start
ed in motion to print all the taper
money necessary and will issue it to
r'.:e banks on proper collateral. Congress
has already discharged its duty
far better than our State legislatures.
In (fact the president anftxthe secretary
of the treasury dare not do more than
they have already proposed to do.
There are certain things the Na
tional government can do and ought
to do, but as usual tft-ere are demagogues
among our public men who are
making wild proposals. Suth men are
public enemies and ought to he "sat
Let the State legislature do its duty
and the National government may 'be
depended on to perform its. We can
stem the tide if we all work together,
but many wild and impracticable
schemes ought to :be abandoned
promptly and not talked about longer.
Acfon if, what is needed and not so
Yours very truly,
(Signed) B. R. Tillman.
A Happy Reunion.
Thursday, October 7, "Oakland
Heights," the spacious L'cme of Capt.
and Mrs. E. P. Cvlatthews was the
scene of joyous greetings among their
children and relatives. The celebrated
event was the marraige of Dr. 0. A.
Mattiews to Miss Mabel Webber, of
Spartanburg. AM the children met
again under t-li-e parental roof after
15 years of separation. Two of them
strangers to the family circle.
Mrs. 0. A. Matthews, nee Miss Wetbber
and Mrs. Olivia Cain, of Waterburg,
Miss., both very fascinating,
lovely wc-men. The children, Mrs. M.
M. Satterwhite, Newberry; 'Mr. C. A.
Matthews, Newberry; Dr. 0. A. Matthews,
Bc-nnettS'Ville, Mr. A. L. Matthews,
Helena, Ark.; Mrs. W. P. Smith,
Kinards; Mrs. J. T. McCrackin, Newberry.
The day was one io be remembered
by those who participated. Thirtyfive
invited guests partook of fc-at
splendid dinner. Each paid triou-te
to the hostess' culinary skill. 'The
home was beautiful*/ decorated with
flowers, palms and ferns. "The party"
have been entertained by Mrs. W. P.
Smith, and Mrs. C. A. Matthews. Dr.
0. A. Matthews and wi.e leave today
for their heme in BenneCtsvil'e. iMr.
A. L. Matthews will visit relatives and
a, -) a lnrofor \Tr and Mrs. 12.
intriius i-'j ud.' o iuu3va .
P. Matthews, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. SmJji
attendei the marriage in Spartanburg.
Death of Mrs. Kerr.
Mrs. Helen White Kerr, wi.'e of the
Rev E. D. Kerr, pastor of Aveleigh
Presbyterian church, Xewberry, died
in a Columbia hospital early yesterday.
Death was d-ie to an operation
for apnenditi'5.-. performed one week
ago. Mrs. Kerr was a rez'/ young
woman, having been married only
last December. The body will be
taken to Abbeville this morning where
the funeral will be held at 4 o'clock
The husband, her mother, Mrs. L.
W. White, of AbbeviiPle; 'Mrs. T. C.
Fool, an aunt of Newberry, Mrs. <J.
A. Milford, a sister; and two brothers,
T. G. and H. G. White, were in IColumfoia
on account of 'her illness and
death. Mrs. Kerr is sunvived t>y
three other 'brothers, Andrew tW.
George White Jr., and John Bonner
The news of the death' of Mrs. Kerr
was received in Newberry with sincere
and deep regret. Mrs. Kerr was
a grand-daughter of the late Maj.
Lambert J. Jones, and was 25 years
old. She came to Xewberrv as a lovely
young bride near the Christmas
season or one year a.gu, winum? m
that short time a large circle of friends
by reason of her manly graces of mind
and character. Her death was peculiarly
sad and she will be missed. The /
heart of t?e community goes out to ,
her .bereaved .husiband and other rela- J
tives in the grief that 'has sc sudden- ?
ly and terribly fallen upon tiem.
Curions to Know. jH|
iMotorist?Lift this car off me, wiUMjj||
you ? Jgfjf
Farmer?Sure! But how did yo?i|H
eyer 'crawl under it?