Newspaper Page Text
TOLtTSE LII, NUMBEK 93. NEWBERRY, S. C. 1TESDAV, NOVEMBER -I, 1914. TWICE 4 WEEK. ?M? ? v? .
p M'LAURIN SAYS
I SYSTEM IS READY
HAS COMPLETED MACHINERY TO
.MAKE IT EFFECTIVE
Comni/ss;oner Writes Tliat He Will
Cse tlie Appropr/at/on as F.ir
as /t Goes.
To the People of South Carolina:
I have completed the .machinery to j
put \N ill truuussc in w ^
operation. Application blanks may be
.had from this office, also t:.e form
of contract. Under the act I can only
pay rein a ter all operating expenses j
are met; consequently, 1 am forced to j
rV?Q wor-olioiicoc +'nqt o ro nffprpfl f
I d rv. C tut caa vajvuovo mut m v. w. .
at a nominal rent, and require the
i owners to pay all charges and exI
ipenses, including 3 cents per bale per
month to the State, to meet the cost
of postage, telegrams, express, travelHL
ing expenses, printing the receipts,
B tags and other blanks. 1 fini that the
charge does not cover the cost, but 1 1
I will use the appropriation as far as j
il will go. and submit the matter to j
the next general assembly. 1 do not j
expect to use a cent of the salary t
given me, unless there is a further ap- ;
propriation, as all the mone.- will be
f needed to continue the acceptance o: !
T rtnlr m \r QMuqI I
<il CUUU5C5. i ?v uiit uij ,
expenses, and no receipts will come in
until cotton is taken out, which may
fbe a year, while insurance, etc., is paid i
1 hoi.oe to a.ve some information
later as to the use of State warehouse
receipts as a collateral, but do not
wish to make a statement until 1 can
a A/) 1 V T* Wo^Q QfQPt. I
?pcatv au > iocui.' . isi. ?? wiuvu .
house submitted the receipts to cer-,
tain capitalists in New York, and his!
i report was that the State receipt j
would be preferred by t em to that
of any private or corporate receipt for :
^ cotton on storage.
A New Departure.
This is a new departure in both
Y finance and government, it win taKe
lime and patience to inaugurate it,
and I especially ask trie farmers of,
this State to give me their confidence j
and sup-port. Don't expect miracles. I
am not "a miracle man,'" as one of
I < the newspapers intimates, nor the man j
who "found a s' oe string and J
I built a factory." My purpose is to in-!
J augurate a sane, sound system of mars'
I notice in the morning paper a
decision h.y Associate Justice Gage, 1
which further emphasizes the decree
in the warehouse case of 1912. No
jurist has in clearer language set forth
the principles upon wnich sucn leg-1
islation as the South Carolina, Louisiana
T^xas warehouse acts are
v based. Judge Gage says:
"Cotton, and that includes its seed, j
** * ' -J! il. - ,|1
li. e siap;e product 01 me cnaie aiiu
of the South; in this year o' grace the '
| irig'-itful collapse of its price, inc-i
deut to a we'inigh universal war, has
shocked two continents; the whole j
1 policy of tne State is bound up in the
growing, the sale and t. e manufacture
Eg of cotton."
V The individual cotton grower is
powerless to proitct himself. If we
I \ can unite the un-ts. we can control
*1id citnaiinn ('onnprarion snells SUC
ft ' cess. We will never get this except |
tv.rough our State legislation. If our ;
P experiment ails, then no other State j
will try it.
I am only meeting such opposition
as I expected. I am depending on :
my fel'ow farmers?not those whose
interests are against us. Some of the
newspapers have been libdfal and f^:r.
v< while some have been harsh and un
just. Try to sift out t:e truth. K' you
.In not understand anvihin.tr. write me.
and do not let your mind be poisoned
:>\ insidious methods of b littiing me
ior the purpose o destroying a meastire
whicu will be of inestimable benHL
cfit to you and your children's chil&'iren.
accepted unsought the tremenHhous
responsibility, and if my health
holds out. I will To
B soil cotton at presen* prices is prac
tically the confiscation of $50,000,000
of property belonging to you. The
B estate is attempting to aid you. It is
B 7iot only a function, but it is the duty
| of a government to protect citizens in
?ihei~ property rights as well as in life
Kma liberty. The declaration o Judge
page is a splendid onunciaiion of this
principle. ! wish some case would oc
err giving him an opportunity to
define wi;<.: the same clear insight, just
what the constitution means by protecting
d citizen in the ownership of
property. Does it include the use of
that property or does it mean merely
I physical possession? V. restricted to
mere physical possession, then the
constitutional guarantee is a hollow
j inecKeiy ior iwuiuauuiis ui uapnai
lean confiscate the profits and thereby
(depri'.p me of my property by dej
stroying its use.
| All of these questions must be final!
ly adjudicated in the cour;s of the
land. I feel that this worldwide war
is the end o:' one epoc<\ and the beginning
of a new one in the science
of government and finance. The ultimate
aim of a true democracy it to
give to each individual tis just rights
and no more. This must involve an
equitable division o. the burdens of
organized socie:y. as well as the benefits.
A situation like the present offers a
fc-r-rilri f r\ r inrmox- anri l ir.wpr to
fatten at the expense of weakness and
poverty. T:.e farmers can not bear,
without destruction, the entire bur- j
den of* this situation. It must be dis- j
tributed over the entire body politic,
and there is no force strong enough ;
to curb money and its power, save or- ,
ganized government. This is the log- !
ical sequence of the statement, "the j
whole policy of the 'State is bound up |
in t-~e growing, the sale and tne manufacture
of cotton." ,
What a grand conception of govern- 1
ment it is to stand strong, curbing
human greed and protecting human
weakness. Do not be deceived; the'
entire world is deeply interested in
getting your cotton at t.e lowest pos-1
sible price. They intend you to shoul- j
der the entire loss on this crop and '
let you make another one if you can.
j. a. T i-T 1
i ne more colioii you maive, me icss
you get. If one-half of the cotton ;
crop were destroyed, the portin le t
would sell fr more tnan the whole. ;
Why is it that as soon as Liverpool !
and New York settled t^eir straddle .
contracts, that the exchange opened?
T ey are knocking the price down
every day. Why does not the stock i
exchange ppen? Because it would j
lower the price of stocks and bonds. \
Trese are held by capitalists, while
rr\ttnn ic hv thp Srmthprn 'farm- I
er. These capitalists wish to use j
high-priced stocks, through the re- i
gion reserve system, to get money to
buy 6-cent cotton in the South. Cotton
in Europe is nw worth 22 cents per
pound. If they can get your cotton
at 6 cent, they will make t' e biggest
"killing'' ever seen. Any government
that will stand for sutf'.i infamy and
not hold out a protecting hand to the
producers is unworthy the support of
an honest man.
Tf I Viorl tlia warohnnco vVCtPm that i
I pleaded with the legislature for one
year ago. 1 would be opening up direct
trade wit Manchester and establishing
a stable price for cotton.
The onlv remedv is to warehouse !
cotton and set money on the re- j
ceipts to ease up your creditors, if '
yuu will plant grain, raise stock and j
produce no cotton in 191-\ you will j
lil?l I' tf UUIX Cii L Ul 1^1 IV.CO iaui.
John Lowndes McLaurin. j
Columbia, November 2l.
Search ?<>. Insane Neerro Vet Fa,lure; ]
Seen at Anderson?
Columbia Record, 22nd.
| An unofficial and unconfirmed rei
port that Jeff Means, an insane negro
1 slayer who escaped Monday from the
, State Hospital for t.:e Insne. ha-d
| been seen in the upper part of An'
derson county reached Columbia Sa
turday. Though one week liad eiaps;
cct since ine Newberry county con|
\ict broke his way tc liberty no clue
I to his w. erea'bouts had been received
i t rcug"' official channels. so far as
i cculJ be learned.
i The State penitentiary's blocd|
hounds were not employed to trail
j the negro, it was stated at the peni;
tentiarv. Desnite the incentive of
i'eretl by the rewi of $200 Governor
Blease will pay ur his recapture,
the negro had successfully covered
every trace of his flight- from the officers
or the law, it was asserted.
This is one of rbe rare known escapes
from t^e asylum, where more
than 1.000 demented persons are confined.
according to last reports of t'.at
i institution's officials.
<iOV. KLKASK TELLS
I A BO IT HiS YIKWS
! Jiiease l iiat the (ieneral Assein- j
!>!} Should Have Done as He
i fiftv Ri.^risp Sjturdav save out
j the following statement in reference |
j to the borrowing of $100,000 to $150,- '
j 000 more money for general expenses: j
In my general message to t):e extra !
I session of t. e legislature?in fact, one |
Jo the very principal reasons for iv 1
j cal;mg them together?Avas to carry ,
; out a recommendation to extend the
j time for the payment c. raxes and to
l provide for the incoming administrai
i tion to borrow a sufficient amount or
money to run the State government,
in order that said extension might be
granted the people. In a verbal message
delivered to them on my return
l'rom the Memphis conference and in
several written messages during their
session I urged w th all my heart the (
passage of these t.v/o measures and r
I i ad prepared in my office ancf intro- :
dueed by Mr. 'Summers of Anderson
bills looking to this end. The extra :]
session did nothing along this line. ,
A large majority of the body, both 3
ilOUSe ailU Stiicilt;, >\<as ?u uiift.j and
.Blease. Therefore, they ignored all ,
t'..e requests and suggestions I made
in reference to these matters and left
the people in a helpless and pitiful
(Condition. 1 knew this relief should (
be given; I know our financial condi- ]
tion, and I knew what it was going to j
be later?just as I set out in those (
.various messages?still toe legisla
ture, playing cheap politics, refused t
.to take any actioru They refused to
extend the time ior the payment off f
taxes; they refused to make arrange- j}
.ments for the borrowing of money, f
except to provide thai tne sinking j
fund commission should borrow a!,
.certain amount to pay' the extra ses- j j
sion appropriations. j:J
I declined to meet with the sinking j j
fund commission to borrow this | <
money because I think (! per cent was ]
absolutely excessive and if the ' <
Jegislature had not forced through j ;
what I considered a most outrageous li]
.ac? but allowed t?.:e bill to take '"si]
20-day course, as provided by law, we j i
could have borrowed this money <
.within that time at a very .much lower 1
rate of interest. In view of these ?<
matters. I "wrote Mr. Carter the fol- <
lowing letter: j
"Columbia, November 17, 1914. <
"Hon. S. T. Carter, State Treasurer.
Columbia, S. C. y 1
"Dear Sir: Your note of Xo>ember *
IT, 1914, received. !
"In repjy I beg to state that i am 1
absolutely opposed to borrowing any 1
.more money for the State of South 1
Carolina because I deem it absolutely '
unnecessary and an extravagant ex- [
penditure in the payment of interest. ! 1
"I recently vetoed an act of the leg- !'
slature, which, in ray opinion, was !1
-clearly in violation oi the oaths o the ; 1
members. They passed it over my.j<
veto and I understand i' e linking M
fund commission has p?i4 as I igh j *
rate of interest as 0 per cent, by v:r-j;
tue of that act. 1 refused to be a
party to that, and 1 think every man j 1
who took part in it *.iolared the oath :;]
r. at lie took w en he assumed the,'
duties ol' the office he was filling. 1'
i * '1
"1 do not propose to meet with your 1
.borrowing committee, or tiie sinking;
! fund commission during the re-:
irainder of my term as governor and j (
!shr.ll, and do now, enter my protest j
J against any action of the borrowing (1
jcommitttee or the sinking fund com- ]
! mission. I do not believe that we ^ 1
have a legal sinking fund ccmmission.il
The act making the chairman of the 1;
i finance committee of t e senate and
ft'Ve chaiman c' t e ways and means ]
>er<mmittee o ;he house members o;' ;
; that commission. as cldovers ;s j
deary in violation of the constitution
of t is State and without those i
i two members there can be no legal
| action of the sinking fund commisj
sion as there will not be a quorum
1 present. 1 am satisfied that the ex!
travagance on the part of the mem- '
I bers of t e general assembly and the ,
|tier failure on ti.ie part of others to j
; do their duty to the people of this
i State has caused the trouble of which
; you speak. I am in no manner re|
sponsible for it and I do not propose
! to carry their burdens. I pleaded
! with the general assembly, at is exi
j tra session, to extend the time for
| the payment of taxes because of the
I terrible financial crisis now upon our ,
people. They refused to heed my request.
I also p eaded with teem to
make arrangements 10 borrow money
to financc the State under t'.e exiencv.
They assain re used \o heed my
request and I do not now propose to
take upon my shoulders the responsibi'ity
of relieving them of their dereliction
of duty to their people and utter
disregard cf t'.eir oaths and their
tvoufnnnA.-t' , r? unrfArnutur o
naiHUXUJ^iSO in jn.uv;i a
duty to the 'people whose servants
"Therefore, you need not c">unt
upon me at your meting:' ! ' r will
1 sign any paper unless you borrow
t e money at at least as low a rale of
interest as 3 per cent.
"Cole. L. Blease.
1 notice <\'r. .]'4ies and Mr. Career
say thai ihcy are going to ask for
1 m .'1 r? T f t'Q y> r\ nliiAr?ti An
ij iu.1. una i uci*c uv u ujt^uun. *
notice Mr. .Jones says ihat ae will pay
out no morp school money unless this ;
money is borrowed. A very nice suggestion
to >uiir money lender?out '
your bids as high as you please?we
need t;e money for the schools?-we :
ire obliged to ha.e it?you need not
make a low bid?but make it as high !
as you want?t. e State needs the j
money to run er schools. I also see!
mplied in this remark a threat that :
f the governor does not take part
n the loan that the responsibility for j
closing the schools will be upon his !
lead but tliat is a mistake. If the;
people do not want their schools'
jlosed. all that tsey will have to do!
kvill be to pay tJheir taxes to the couny
treasurers. The county treasurers |
'/ill send it to the Stace treasurer and
:here will be sufficient amount of j
noney to run the government and the j
schools without borrowing a dollar.;
[i the people do not pay t'.:eir taxes j
md the schools should be closed, t'rej
esposibility will be with those who j
ailed to pay and not with those who J
'ailed to borrow at an exorbitant rate :
:;f interest. And, 1 repeat, I shall
lave absolutely nothing whatever to
]o with t'.:e borrowing of this money i
ind s all not put my name on any j
paper. Therefore, if the people do'
not want their schools to close, let i
:hem pay their taxes. If it is a hard- |
ship upon them to pay their taxes, let i
:hem curse the men they ejected and j
sent to the legislature and not t'::e j
governor, "for he certainly did his part |
rr/vf f V* A\v? f A nail AAfl _ I
.It llJMlJLg IU SCL IUC11I W Itlltlt j
virions and they refused to do. so..
Vow, if t e people will pay their
taxes, the schools will run on, the
government will run on and these
same taxpayers will be saved paying
more exorbitant interest on $100,000,
3r $150,000 loan. If they don't do it,
4- ". ? ?.A.-rvAnc.iKt1iMr rr r\ - Vi O ~ Ck it 1
iCl IHC 1 C3?/Lriioi uiii i y ?? i11 uv
There is quite a difference between
.lie borrowing of money now and the j
jorrowmg o.:' money m May or June ;
jec-ause, in May or June, fere were
r.o taxes to collect and t .e people
:ould not relieve the situation at that j
:ime. Now. it is absolutely unneces- j
si' rv 10 utin i mc yo-j >
ind as i'. e legislature said that they j
ivouId not extend the time, I see no i
/tdress for the suffering people but j
or them to obey the mandate of the J
legislature or suffer the result. I at- j
:empted to avoid this but was not al?
owed to do so.
T/nie to Help tlie Merchant.
We have been having line upon
line about helping other people over
financial rough places, on account of
:he European war, and t':e merchant
iias been forced to do his part and a
ire-it deal more than ''..is part. He >
lias had to do it, whether he wanted j
;o do it or not, and regardless of Lis j
ability to stand the strain.
Now, we think that the time iias j
mine when there should be some-j
thing said about relieveing the mer- j
chant. He has oobligations ro meet!
j'.nd 1 i' must meet them or go to the !
wall, it is not right that he should
be lield up. and embarrassed, as he j
must inevitably be. unless re gets j
what is iustlv and honestly due him 1
?(much of it long past due. He can j
not pay, unless he is paid. It is all
well enough to he'd one's produce
foi* righer prices if the owner can
c7n so without pressing and ruining
people who 'nave indulged him. But
we submit that no creditor has a
right to hold back any tiding when |
he is bound to so^;^ one else. The
facts are. it does rot l^elong to him*.
| Cotton fo'nned Prior to November 1,
I Crops of II) 1 i and 1913, ;n South CaroI/na.
Department of Commerce
Bureau of the Census
W'm. J. Harris, Director
I Win. .1. Harris, director of the cenI
j sus. department o: commerce, an!
nounces the preliminary report of cot;
ton ginned by counties in South Car- j
' olina for the crops of 1914 and 1913. !
The report was made public for the '
' State at 10 a. ni. on Monday, So- I
vember U. The amounts ror tne au[
ferent counties for the crops o 1914
, and 1913 are furnished for publicai
tion in tt..e local papers.
j. (Quantities are in running bales, i
| counting round as half bales. Lintres
:are not included). I
County 1914 1913
' A! beviile 20,746 19,439 j
I Aiken 33,275 33,676 !
Anderson 35,776 43,804 .
Bamberg 20,374 20,065
Barnwell 44,123 39,222
Beaufort 5,002 4,261
Berkeley 10,015 7,923
Calhoun 20,458 16,969 j
Charleston 6,943 6,660
Cherokee 9,163 10,577
Chester 21,375 19,728
Chesterfield 21,442 20,047
parendon 34?074 26,675
Colleton 15,129 12,994
Darlington 26,714 . 20,785
Dillon 23,959 20467 <
Dorchester 12,336 11,110
Edgefield 21,016 21,372
Fairfield 13,920 15,411 j
Florence 27,206 26,764
n ) Qfl4 1
11 v |
Greenville 26,717 23,803 ,
Greenwood 19,933 17,867 ,
Hampton 16,266 13,885 ,
Horry 4,972 4,276 (
Jasper 4'.713 4,381 ,
Kershaw 18.440 16,410
Lancaster 12,749 14,241
Laurens 23,891 26,60o
Lee 27.594 23,921 ,
Lexington 16,204 16,570
Marion 8,902 10,204
Marlboro 39,584 29,723
Newberry 20,291 22,899 .
Oconee 9.971 10,901
Orangeburg 56,112 n2,499
Pickens 11,521 9,298
Ric':.land 16,8S4 14,704
Saluda 15,064 15,923
Spartanburg 42,226 41,051
o?q- Ann 9? SQQ
Union 10,344 11,441
Williamsburg 22,850 15,270
York 24,028 24,641
Total 910,611 846,468
Reedy R/ier Association.
T'/e union meeting of the Reedy River
association will 'be held with the
Enoree Baptist cr.urch Xovember 28-29
1914. with the following programme:
Saturday, November 28.
10:00 a. m.?Devotional service by
the paster. W. E. Furcron.
10:15 a. m.?Organization.
11:00 a. m,-?Sermon by G. T. Asbill,
or J. M. Trogden.
2:00 p. m.?What's the relationship
between the home, the Sunday school
and the cuireh??E. Pendleton Jones, '
W. H. Wallace, T. P. Davis and W. 1
3:00 p. m.?The aim of State mis- .
sions, by J. Dawson Bowen or T. H.
3:30 p. m.?The orphanage, by J. S.
Dominick. G. C. Riser and ;W. H. Hunt.
^inn/?nv- \nvpmliPr 29
10:00 a. m.?Devotional, by G. Y. ,
10:15 a. in.?The problems that confront
the Sunday schools, by J. L.
Langford and .1. T. Whitmire.
!!:00 a. m.?-Sermon, ov J. X. Booth.
2:00 p. m.?The relationship oetv/een
education and Christianity, by
G. C. Riser. W. H. Wallace and W E.
2:30 v. m.? How s'ould a church
member live, by ,1. S. Doniinick, T. P. .
13avis and other:
Every body cordially invited to attend
t':.e*se services. i
F/re ;n the County.
| )n Saturday afternoon bout 2
o'clock the house of Mr. T. W. Keitt's
place in No. 3 township was destroy- j
e:l by lire. The fire caught from the j
roof, and was accidental. Tr.e house .
was insured but (Mr. Adams had no i
insurance and lost practically all he
THE JOLLY STREET SCHOOL
F/ite Exercises ;md Much Interest At
Exerc/ses Commemorating Completion
of New Bu/ld/ng.
The addition of the school biulding
at Jolly Street, which was madnQ/^AOCOrTr
O f ^ A + V\?r V * -
uv^vtuai j auci llJC 111 Ok JfCClI uy V' V
increased attendance and the necessity
of employing three teachers, wa..
completed sometime ago and tht
school opened. The trustees, patron'
and teachers desired to celehratr
t?e occasion with a public meeting ami
with the presence of the State superintendent
of education, the county sr.
perintendent and the county supervising
teacher. Last Friday was the da;
for the event. It was cold and a strong,
north eastern was blowing but tU
school spirit in that community is so
strong that such little thinrs as these
ccol winds' could not cool their ardor
or keep them away from the meeting.
/T? e exercises began in the morning
about 11 o'clock in the presence o:
'Practically all o: the patrons of the
district. State superintendt of education
Swearingen was present and
made an address, complimenting the
county superintendent and the people
of the community upon the wonderful
progress w:ich they had made.
Hon. C. T. Wyche was also present and'
made a congratulatory speech to the
people, in which he told them tha:
during tee past summer he had held
that community up as an ideal of
w.at could be accomplished in every
school district in Newberry county.
An intermission was then had for
dinner and though it was a little
chilly an elegant picnic dinner was
enjoyed on the school grounds. In
the afternoon at the earnest request
of the people of the community and
the principal of the school Mr. E. H.
Aull made a talk reviewing the history
which led up to the movement
for the establishment of the rural
graded school in that community. He
gave credit to Miss Lizzie Hawkins
for the work which she did in helping
the people of the community to
discover the school house and in
creating tue school spirit and in showing
the people what they could -cc-omplish.
Superintendent Brown, also
made a talk.
This is now one of the best rural
graded sc.ools in the county and th^
only one of the rural schools with
three teachers and it has grown in
two years from a little crowded uncomfortable
building with one teacher
to a commodious two-story four
room building, with cloak rooms ami
all modern conveniences and three
tea<' ers. This school will prove a
great factor in hie growth and devel
epment and uph.t of this community.
There are now enrolled about 100
children. The teae ers are Mr. D. L.
Wedaman, principal, Misses Mae
Amick and Lottie Lee Hail3ere, assistants.
The school spirit has taken possession
of tlie people and greater interest
may be expected in the future:
In connection with the school the
district owns two acres of land, the
gi.t of Dr. 3. V. Hunter and his wife,
o4" Prosperity, and has t'.e use of several
acres throng, the generosity of
[he same people, for farm demonstrate
n worfl. It was the pleasure of the
editor in company with Miss Fannie
Hollo way, t e tomato club organizer
for the county, to be present and enjjy
and take part in the exercises
last Friday. We wish the people o.?
this community even greater success
and at all timps stan-' ready to help.
aid and encourage them in tv ?ir gooc
Crosses of Honor.
Any Confederate veteran or descendant
of veteran, wishing to secure a
Cross of Konor will please procure an
application blank at once so that it
may bo filled out and sent in to the
~7?? x + ? a t a li o t'n tlia nrnc '
Uiiiipitl ill lliiiC LU ua>t luv,
ready :or bestowal on Lee's birthday,
January 19, 1914.
The little bronze cross, which eloquently
tells that you have served
your country well, will be a priceless
legancy to your descendants, and tne j
Daughters of the Confederacy count A
it a privilede to bestcw it upon you.
The blanks bhould be filled out and
returned to me by December 15th.
Mrs. J. H. W":st, .;[j(
President Drayton Rutherford Cbap-^B||S?