Newspaper Page Text
Britain Is Wo
BRITISH POLICY SCORED j
IN CABLE TO LONDON1
BETTER TREAT.UENT OF AJIERI-!
CAN rO.UUERt E DEMANDED
Intended for AH Members of Tr/ple |
Entente?Demands Respect for
R/grhts of the Citizens
of This Country.
Wasl ington, Dec. 28.?Tf. e United
States government today dispatched a
long note to Great Britain insisting on
an early impro.ement in the treatment
o American commerce by British
fleets. It warned England that mucr.
feeling had been aroused in this country
and that public criticism was general
over unwarranted interference
with the legitimate foreign trade of the
The document, constituting tfce
strongest representation on C'.'.e subject
made by the United States to any
cf the belligerents, was cabled to Ambassador
Page to be formally presented
to Sir Edward Grey, the British
foreign secretary. Its preparation was
begun a month ago by Solicitor Cone
Johnson, Counsellor Robert Lansing
and Secretary Bryan, and during the
last two weeks had the personal attention
cf President Wilson himself.
?i? ?..." itc. nhraconlnofv ' with
W IK) lOiSCU HO
<As ti e detailed point of viev.* of the
I'nited States in tT.e numerous specific
cases of detentions and seizures of
cargoes had been set orth in a series J
of emphatic protests, most of which
have gone unheeded, today's communication
was couched in general terms
covering the entire subject of the relations
between the United States and
Great Britain as affected by the latter's
naval policy, considered highly
objectionable to ti:.-is government.
H e note declares at the outset thai
the representations are madr- ir s.
'.riendly spirit, but that the Unied
States considers it best to speak in
terms p-f frankness lest silence be construed
?as an ac-quiescense to a policy
of Great Britain vvihich infringes the
rights of American citizens under the
laws of tie nations.
Since France has adopted virtually
the same decrees on contraband as r.as
Great Britain, today's note is a statement
intended for all members o. the
The document points out that complaints
on every side and public criticism
in the United 'States hold the
British policy as directly responsible j
for the depression in many American j
industries. Reimbursement alone for
cargoes unlawfully detained or seized,
it states, does not remedy the evil, as
u^~ ,'c thA ronml pffect
Lil'? (JillCL UUHC l( A C J io t
o:' British practice on American exporters,
who are restrained from taking
risks or hazards which in no case
ought to surround legitimate trade between
the United States and other
Feeling has been aroused on the subject
to such an extent, the communication
adds, that the American government
feels compelled to ask for definite
information as to Great Britain's
?foot'tr rriav itakp Slldh
Hrmuuc iu wuci ~
measures as wouM protect American
citizens in their rights.
S/tuat/on Not Improved.
The United States, it points out, was
patient at irst, realizing t;.at hostilities
had heaped a mass of burdens on
the British government and thinking
an early clearing of the air would
come. Five months have elapsed, it
asserts, with no improvement in the
situation. In the meantime American
^ shippers have availed themselves 01
various suggestions from tl.:e British
government, such as shipping cargoes
to definitely named consignees in neutral
countries and the taking out of
certificates from consuls in this coun
try which followed promises of the
British foreign office that the allied
fleets consequently would cease deten- j
tions of these cargoes. The situation,
however, is described as having hard-1
ly improved after these concessions.
Reference is made in the note to the
high principles of equity which have
actuated Great Britain in her championship
in the past of tine freedom of
the seas to neutral commerce, and the j
hope is expressed that even though a
belligerent herself, she will realize j
the seriousness to the neutrals of con- j
Reserving until some other date tne
discussion of those articles which
Great Britain has taken from the generally
accepted lists of absolute and
conditional contraband, the American
government declares that the British
fleets 'have been regarding absolute
and conditional contraband as in the
same class, whereas in ^rnationai law
defines absolute contraband as con*
sitting of those artic'.;s intended directly
for the use of an army or navy,
and conditional contraband those articles
susceptible of use by armed
forces, but whose destination must be .
the determining factor in detentions. j
When t-'oodstuffs Contraband.
The American note, mentioning hero ;
that l'oodstuffs are conditional contra- i
oand since they may be destined :or :
the use of a civil population as well as ;
an army, says tl:e United States is in ,
entire agreement with the doctrine ex- ,
pressed by Lord Salisbury. British for- i
. . !
eign secretary, in his correspondence i
with the Washington government con- j
cerning the shipment of foodstuffs to i
the Transvaal during the Boer war in j
South Africa. Lord Salisbury wrote
"Foodstuffs with a hostile destina- j
tion can be considered contraband of (
war only if tl/.ey are supplies for the j
enemy's forces. It is not sufficient j
that they are capable of being so usea; ;
it must be shown that this was in :act I
their destination at the time of seiz- j
This is perfcaps the most far-reaching
declaration of the American note,
since it it were accepted by Great Britain
American trade with Germany and
Austria, virtually at a standstill now,
would be resumed, affecting the prices
of wheat, flour, live stock and tfce va- ;
riety of products which go to make I
Taking up the subject of detentions
of American ships at sea, the Wash- j
ington government state? tnat it can |
not tolerate undue delays in examining !
them or the qonvoying o. such ships
to British ports for detailed exami aticn.
it argues that proof of hostile j
j destination of the cargo must be in i
evidence at the time of search at sea, j
The belligerent right of search, th: j
note adds, is -fully recognized, but t
can not be extended to the point of di\erting
American ships into British
ports merely on suspicion.
Protect Neutral Commerce.
The United States asserts, moreover, i
j that it views with growing concern ]
[ the detention of scores of American J
j cargoes consigned from this country '
1 ' ? ~ fhof it i
I to neutrai puns, uumcuuiiig, wllc*u *v.
should be the duty of the belligerent j
to protect commerce and prevent inno- '
cent merchants :Pom suffering.
One of U e most conspicuous com- j
plaints cited in the note is against!
the ireatme.it by Great Britain of'
American cargoes of copper. It is j
charged that Great Britain is not ac- j
cording the same treatment to Amer-!
can trade in copper with the Scandina
vian countries as to commerce in this '
! product between the United States and j
j Italy under the same conditions of!
I shipment. Even though the Italianj
government has proclaimed an embar- j
' an nr tho PYnnrtation of coooer from i
j ~ ~ ?1 ,
[ Italy, to belligerent countries similar!
to the embargo in force in Norway, \
, Denmark and 'Sweden, the consign- j
I ments of copper to Italy from the
j United States are said to be held up,
i while those to the Scandinavian countries
are not molested.
i ITIhe American government further j
records its position on consignments !
shipped "to order" or no specific con-;
signee, stating that this circumstance j
; alone is not sufficient on which to -.old!
, American cargoes and is of itself not j
| suspicious. This view has been ex-1
| pressed bv the supreme court of the j
i United States, but Great Britain an- ;
j r.ounced recently that cargoes shipped
"to order" would be considered "suspect/'
Today's note points out that
to hold consignments marked "to or- j
der" proof must be presented when the i
j retention or seizure is made showi g |
i that a hostile destination is intended, i
i or else a sufficient number of other j
j tacts must be advanced to justify fur- j
tlier examination of the cargo.
It is in this connection that the1
I nued States remarks that commerce j
between neutral nations constitutes
the normal relations o peace and not
war, and that the presumption of
guilt can not rest on neutral shippers,
but che burden of proof must be imposed
on the belligerent who inter- ]
Others May Follow Un/ted States.
Although the sending of the note j
was not Known 10 meuiuers cm. tut; uip- ,
lomatic corps tonight, and it is unlikely
that the Washington government
wll communicate it to them, with the
exception of the British ambassador,
unless they request it, high officials
thougt't it not unlikely that the path
marked by the United States would j
be folio-wed by the neutral govern- j
ments. South American nations es- j
pecially have been keeping in close'
touch with the attitude of the United |
States on subjects o^ neutrality, and I
in most cases have adhered to the j
American position. As the note in- j
volves commerce mostly with European
neutrals. :t is believed that diplomatic
representatives here of the latter
will seek to learn the American
viewpoint :or transmission to their
The position of the United States as;
expressed in today's note is a consequence
of several stops by Great Brit-:
a;n, France and Germany on the sub
Many were mat
money from the
not begin now ?
A AB V A ? %? v *
jcet of contraband. Although the Dec-!
laration of London drafted in 1909, i
em'bodying the previous understandings
of international law and new '
rules -'or the couduct of maritime war-1
fare with respect to neutral commerce, !
had not been ratified when the pres- j
ent war broke out, it was thought tor
a time all countries would adhere to
it. Great Britain by an order in coun
cil, on August 29 last, declared the j
declaration of London effective with
Certain mOCLinCitUOIiS. uci mauj a.11- j
nounced to all neutrals her willingness j
to adhere to the whole declaration,;
if the otf.:er belligerents would. The
United States took the position that ;t
could not accept piecemeal adoption
by the allies of the declaration of London
with their own amendments and I
declared that it -would be guided by 1
the general practice of international
law, irrespective of the declaration of
The German givernment in a formal
note to the United States and other |
neutrals then voiced its objections to
the British modifications! which similarly
the United States opposed.
Today's note follows in many important
points the argument then advanced
by Germany that British* practice
with respect to neutral commerce '>
was a distinct departure from many i
previously accepted principles oi international
Special Teachers' Examination, January
Special teachers' examination for
uncertified teachers and all prospective
teacf.'ers will be held in Newberry
?ourt house, Friday. January 15, 1915.
By order of the State board of education.
Geo. D. Brown,
Co. Supt. of Ed.
Piles Cured in 6 to 14 Days
?our druggist will refund money if PAZO
OINTMENT 1 ails to cure any case of Itching,
Blind, Bleedin g or Protruding Piles in 6 to 14 days.
The first appl: cation gives Ease and Rest. 50c.
NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT
Notice is hereby given that the undersigned
will make final settlement
of the esta:e a." S. A. Hunter, deceased,
in the probate court for Newberry
County, State of South Carolina, on
Saturday, January 19th, 1915, at 11
o'clock in the forenoon, and will immediately
thereafter apply to the
judge of probate of Newberry county
for a final discharge. All persons indebted
to the said estate will make
immediate settlement with the undersigned,
and all persons holding claims
against the said estate will present
the same duly attested.
A. H. Hawkins,
CTATM? rvtp C-AT'TIT PATJAT TV A \
O I -T3l 1 IZj KJ r (jwu iii i
COUNfTY OF NEWBERRY.
Court of Common Please.
Henrietta D. Brooks, plaintiff,
M. Alma Dominick. defendant.
By virtue of an order of court here- j
in. I will sell at public auction before
t'he court house at Newberry, S. C., to
the highest bidder, on Monday, January
4, 1915, within the legal hours,
of sale, the following t~act of land, \
lying and being situate in the county j
and State aforesaid, containing ti'.irty-j
e a Membership Can
le happy this year b)
;ir SAVINGS CLUB
md save for next yet
i to Join. Everybody
it - ? T r 1
and Let us nxpiam
m m m
50c per Mc
If there is no t
farm write for o
telling how you r
SOUTHERN BELL TI
AND TELEGRAPH <
BOX 163, COI
eight and three-fourths (38 3-4) acres, j
more or less, and bounded by lands i
of John W. Long, A. H. Miller, Xan- j
TT* "TTT, o v* r? A D "Pir\TY> 1 n ?nl' t
IJie lii. ?V JOC auu a. JL .
Terms of sale: One-third of the j
purchase price to be paid in cash, j
Ue balance on a credit of one and i
two years, the credit portion to be >
e\idenced and secured by the bond of
the purchaser and a mortgage of the
prem ses. the credit portion to bear interest
at eight per cent per annum
until paid in full, and to provide ?."or
the payment of ten per cent as attorney's
fee if placed in t)':e hands of aa
attorney for colle^ion or suit, and also
to contain a provision for the insurance
of the buildings on the said
premises and the plicy to be assigned j
to the master as additional security; i
with leave to the purchaser to antici-'
pate the payment of the credit portion
in whole or in part. The purchaser
shall be required to pay two hundred
dollars on the purchase price wl:.en |
tbo oroDerty is knocked down to him, I
and if the purchaser fails to do so the j
master will immediately on the day of
sale resell the said premises without
further advertisement o?: t!:.e time and
place of sale, which sale shall be at:
the risk of the defaulting purchaser.!
Purchaser to pay for papers and re- j
cording tfa-e same.
H. H. Rikard.
December 14, 1914.
DELINQUENT TAX SALE.
STATE OF SOTTH CAROLINA,
County of Newberry.
By virtue of executions delivered to
me ;}' John I>. Kpps, treasurer of New- j
d in Our \
r receiving t:heir
ar ? ;
V ( V1VVUIV
South Carolina |
? I11M ? 1 ??? BIM ?WW?
>nth and Uj)
elephone on your
>ur free booklet
nay get service at
.UMBIA, S. C.
berry county, I will sell in front o<'
the court house at Xewberry, on sales- J
day, in January, 1915, within t'-e legal
hours of sale on account of delinquent
State and county taxes for 1913, the
following real estate:
1 One lot in town of Newberry
assessed to W. K. Sligh, bounded by
lands of J. A. Burton, Mrs. J. E. Norwood,
Harper St., and a acant lot.
2. One lot in town of Newberry assessed
to B. J. Troutman, bounded by
lands of John Kibler, lot No. 58 of
High Point land, Nance St., and Nance
3. One lot in town of Newberry
assessed to Neel Nance, bounded by
McSwain St., lots No. 11 and 13 and a!
ten foot alley same being lot Mo. 12 <
as shown on a plat in clerk's office
in Plat Book No. D, at page 411.
4. One lot in town of Newberry assessed
to Maud Nance, bounded 'oy j
lands of Wm. 9':eppard, Annie Dawkins,
and Laura Whitener and by Caldwell
5. Thirty-five pcres of land more or
less assessed to Luther and Hawkins
in the town of Prosperity, said land
now divided in two lots. One bounded
by lands of Frank Merchant, R. L.
Luther, Jeff Wicker, Shiloh .Metnodist
churdh. and Prosperity road. The
other bounded by lands of R. L. Luther
and Prosperity road.
6. The household and kitchen furniture
of Joi'vn L. Cannon in the town
of Xewberry, S. C.
Terms of sale?cash.
Cannon G. Please. J i
December loth, }914. \
YOUB CORN WILL VANISH
in a few days if you will use our cora
cure as directed. And going to the
other extreme our scalp lotion will
remove dandruff just as Quickly &b<! I
effectively. Those are only two ot ,
the good things to be iiad /aT~ tMrr*
drug store. We'll tell you the others -
if you ask.
Mayes' Drug Store
Phone 138. Jfewberry, S. 0L
C U BA'
AND THE H
Best Hotels j
Air Line Railway
Write for Rates to
Tourist Agents j
S. A. L. R'y J
Raleigh, N. C.