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A DUKE'S REVEN8E
!t Gave to Germany Her Most
THE DEATH'S HEAD HUSSARS.
Organized Originally by Frederick
William of Brunswick, Napoleon's
Deadly Foe, the Famous Body of
Cavalrv Fouaht Its Way to Renown, i
The curt refusal of Napoleon 1. to
allow Frederick William, duke or
Brunswick, to burv tlie body ot his
exiled father in his native laud inspired
the urbanization ot the Death's
Head hussars, the most famous regi
ment in the present German army.
Deeply moved by the ungracious act
of the despotic Napoleon, Frederics
William, after bis tirst paroxysm of
indignation and rage had subsided, J
vowed eternal vengeance against the
French conqueror, and until the day
of his death, whic h was June 10, 1815, j
on the held of Quatre Bras, he was
Napoleon s most implacable foe In ail
the German states.
Brunswick being barred to him by
- -i- - - i ~ ? * I
tne victories or me reieuuess ncutu
invader, Duke Frederick William repaired
to Bohemia after his father's
death. He was without funds, but
through the efforts ot his sister, then
princess of Wales, English funds found
their way to him, and he was enabled
to set on foot the plans he had formed
to revenge himself upon his enemy.
All Germany was then under Napo
leon's foot. His armies bad swept away
all opposition. Prussia, Brunswick.
Bavaria. Saxony, all the states were
mere vassals of France. Hut though
conquered or subjugated their hatred
of the oppressor was intense, and underneath
the surface a tire of hatred
smoldered, which the duke helped to
fan into the blaze that eventually sent
Bonaparte to St. Helena.
'Thu rlnL-ti himcplf as Na
poleon's foe. Men flocked to bis standard.
He organized and equipped 2,000
cavalrymen and. in memory of his
father, clothed tb^ra in black. A silver
skull and crossbones adorned their
hussar headdress, and the siiver lace
slashings of the jackets were placed to
resemble the ribs of a skeleton.
"The Black Branswickers" they were
called. With the gallant duke at their
head they began a guerrilla warfare
that was a continual worry to the
French armies. Von Stein. Soharnborst
and others gave them secret encouragement.
Through Saxony. Hesse and Hanover
the troopers gobbled up and put to the
sword Krench detachments. K^cruits
flocked to them. At Berneck the duke
gave battle to the French (general Junot
and whipped him. All Germany
thrilled at the romantic accounts of
the daring of the terrible "Blact Hussars."
A Saxon army was whipped at Zittau
and another force at Halberstadt.
A pQ<rinimif irmffn llltO ail ai'mV.
^ a v n- -
the only one Napoleon's troops could
Dot corner and whip. The duchy of
Brunswick was invaded and tbe
French garrison alarmed Leipzig was
surprised and captured.
CLtil the battle ot Wagram the duke
and his bussars rode over Germany at
will. That victory gave Napoleon more
time to devote to them, and the duke
o-- rr> i. ?.i h,.
*wasvrorceu ro nee iu cvu^hiiiu. out iuc
"Black Hussars." wltb the death's
head on their caps, continued the warfare
in scattered bands. They were
welded into a brigade in 1814 and, as a
part of a division in the allied army
eommauded by the Duke of Brunswick,
rode into Paris after Napoleon's down
They fought again during the hundred
days. The iJuke ot Brunswick
did not live to see Napoleon's complete
humiliation. He died on the field of
battle wrjile trying to rally some reJ
JL X 1
emits who started a stampeae ai iue
first French tire.
The fame of the hussars had reached
such a point that tbe organization was
continued in the Prussian army. Today
its colonel is tLie crown prince of
Germany, and among its officers are
princes of a dozen reigning German
The regiment presents a splendid appearance
on parade, its picturesque
uniform, or wmcu lue skuh uuu uiwabones
on the headdress, are the most
stinking attractions, imparting to the
dashing cavalrymen a sinister and
startling effect.?Kansas City Times.
The Walrus' Defenses.
A full grown walrus will weigh as
much as 2,000 pounds, a mountainous
mass of muscle and blubber. He is
armed with tusks of ivory sometimes
two feet in length, and when from his
upreared bulk these formidable weap
one are plunged downward upon au
enemy they are as resistless as the
drop of a guillotine. Such a thick
layer of blubber lies under the skin
that he is practically clad in an armor
Impervious to teeth and claws alike,
Flight of a Bullet.
The same projectile propelled by the
~ rr! 11 rol fapf-har if nrn
?>auic y*JYf%ZL ? UI 11 n. . v_ ? * m i?. ^ ?
jected vertically than if projected on
a horizontal line four feet from the
ground. Thus a bullet fired vertically
with a velocity of, say, 100 feet per
second, will ascend to a height of 155.3
\ feet, while if fired with same speed
horizontally four feet from the ground
\ , will strike the earth at a distance of
\ faat- -\pw York American.
Knowest thou the moaning of this
<Iay? What thou canst do today rise2y
attempt to do.?Carlyle.
FOOD, FINGERS AND FLIES.
Three of the Factors Most Active !n
There are three principal ways in
which disease germs are carried from
person to person, and these ways may
be easily remembered by three catch
words?food, fingers and nies.
The most important foods which carry
disease lire those which are eaten
raw, since thorough cooking destroys
disease germs and most cooked foods
are only dangerous wheu they have
been infected in the kitchen .-liter cook
lDi;. Aiuoni; raw roods, too. many, like
oranges, are safe because they are
peeled before eating.
Uf all foods the most dangerous are
watr" and milk, because they are or
ten polluted (by sewage in tbe ease ot
I water, by human contact in the case
of milk), because tbey are drunk
I promptly without time tor tlie disease
i germs to die out and because, usually
in tlie case of water and often in the
I case of milk, they are not cooted.
The second way in which disease
I orarrn^ ;irp mmmonlv snread is by
| means of contact betwen people rhem|
selves. Fingers, in tbe catch phrase,
j which all who valttbeir health should
j try to bear in mind, stands not only
i for tbe fingers themselves, but for all
i sorts of ways in which disease germs
| may be exchanged.
' In measles ;*nd whooping cough and
j scarlet fever and diphtheria and tuber;
culosis and many other diseases the
j germs are present in the nose and
throat and are spread from person to
person by the fingers, which go too often
to the mouth and nose, by drinking
cups and spoons and other things
j which too ofteD are used m common
I and by the fine spray throwu out from
I the mouth in coughing and sneezing.
| In typhoid fever and diarrhea and sim|
ilar diseases the germs are found in
! the intestinal discharges, and here, too,
j soiled fingers play an important part
: in the transmission of the disease.
The third common way in whu-h disease
germs are spread is by means of
| insects. Flies are perhaps the most
i -<ropm r-.ornprs in most
JILLi[/^l lUIil l uov v. t fjv * ??-* ?
states. They often pick up infected
material on their legs and bodies and
carry it to food, and where there is no
good system of sewage disposal tbey
1 may play a part in the spread of such
| diseases as typhoid fever. A certain
kind of mosquito carries malaria, and
this, too. is important in certain dis!
tricts. In tropical countries a whole
; host of diseases is carried by ins sets.?
.New York American.
COWBOYS OF SPAIN.
: Splendid Horsemen, Dut i ney
Spurs Without Mercy.
! The perfection of Spanish horsemanI
ship is to be seen among tLe vaqueros,
ganaderos aud garrochistas, by which
| various names the mounted herdsmen
j of the Andalusian plains are known?
in brief, what we should call a cowboy.
Every farm seems to maintain a
large number of these, for each herd,
flock or drove has its own herdsman,
goatherd or swineherd, .as the case
| may be. The vaqueros are a fine look|
ing lot of men. Tall, thin, light and
! mnrfa thpv look ideal horse
! men, as, in point of fact, they are,
i though their mounts are poor.
The vaquero rides very high on a
, huge saddle, with a long stirrup and
i straight Jeg, using a single rein and
1 a very heavy curb, but he has such
! beautiful hands that, although nsing
this barbarous bit, he never cuts bis
| horse's mouth about. It is different
I with the animals' sides, however, for
; ha iisps his sours without mercy, and
? ? .
j the white horses?of which there are
a large number?all have ominous red
stains behind the girths.
All the herdsmen who look after
cattie carry a long lance, called a garrocha,
of thick and heavy wood, which,
except when standing still, they always
carry "in rest" and not "at the
; carry," presumably on account of its
great length and possibly its weight
With this weapon, in the use of which
| he acquires amazing dexterity, the
; garrochista .is able to control the most
*? 1 ' UAn/^ riAf nv^antn
| unruiy uruies 'u iuc ui-m, uvl
! ing the savage fighting bull.?Wide
j World Magazine.
Making a Record.
| Sir George Trevelyan told a curious
little anecdote regarding an interview
! be had once had with Thackeray. The
novelist was engaged at the time ic
: writing "The? Virginians," and in the
middle of tbe conversation be com
menced to ask each of the young men
in the company what was the greatest
length they had ever jumped- The
greatest jump claimed was twenty-twc
"Well," said Thackeray, "then I will
make Washington jump twenty-four."
So reputations are made. ? London
"You always go home exceedingly
| early, old man."
! "Yes. Our neighbors are the cause
"If I stay downtown a minute late
1 they come right over and condone with
: my wife."?Louisville Courier-Journal.
I Caviar Is the roe of the sturgeon pre|
pared as a table delicacy. As a disb
; too rare to be known by the generality
of people and the flavor of which
I would not be relished by an uneducat
ed palate, Shakespeare makes Hamlet
speak of it
' Beautiful Widow-Do you know, I'm
j forty years old today. Gallant Baehej
Jor?Madam, you are twenty, f nevei
j believe more than Lidf of what 1 hear,
PICTURES OF BATTLES. |
Warfare Has Always Seen a Popular ,
Subject For Ariists.
From the earliest days of history war j
has given inspiration to tlie artist, and J
the work of his hands comes down to !
us on the walls of ancient Kgypt, worn i
with the passing of thousands of 1
J years; from the ruined temples of an- ;
I tique Greece, built centuries before the j
i Christian era. The picture writing of '
primitive aud savage peoples describes ;
exploits of war; many archaic war ?
pictures, brought to view after ages of j
burial under desert sands, b<>ar much
! similarity to Indian drawings or our
. own near time and land.
Once, years ago, away up on the I
Poplar river, in Montana, 1 bought? I
bartered for, 1 suppose I should say, I
as the purchase was made mainly by |
the medium of tea, tobacco and sugar? '
'nn;,, - vrl" 'Alio riorht isi't' flip hiwlf f?f I
ll |M1UI,UU . vvt i " v- ,
the war chief of a baud of Yanktonnais- |
; Sioux our troops had "rounded up" !
j and brought iuto the agency. The skin J
1 was a fine "black bull," tanned on the
underside to the softness ot the finest
j chamois leather and decorated with
j naive pictorial representations of thp
j deeds of war of old Kill-Them-In-a-Hole
I ?as the soldiers translated the name
! driven the chief trom some episode in
his murderous career?which in color,
in grace and firmness of line were curiously
like pictures from the pencil of
some artist of the Egypt of old.
The glory of war is the theme; the
i exaltation of the sovereign, the con;
queror, forms the chief motive of the
war picture of antiquity. The monarch
was the hero before whose terrible
sword all foes gave way, to whom victory
came through his personal might
and prowess. The warriors of the !
| Greeks are shown as models of virile |
! strength and grace; their attitudes in i
1 the furv of combat lost nothing of j
j artistic beauty in the realism of the
! rendering. The influence of the Greek
| masters of their art is evident in bsttle
i pictures of a time twoscore and more
' centuries later.?Rufus Fairchild Zogbaum
" \ %
OI<4 I PnnlanH That HilVfi
, Sac u ct viu W . ..
Never Been Revoked.
Althcagb tbe stocks, like the pillory
' aDd tbe ducking stool, have been done
j away with, a lot of punishments surI
rive in England which are every bit as
, i medieval.
j The most ludicrous of these exist in
the two services?the army aud navy?
which were renowned in the past for
the cruelties practiced in them in tbe
name of justice. "Keelhauling" as carried
out in the navy used, of course, to
amount to execution by drowning,
| while in the army "running the gantj
let" was a popular way of punishing j
j troublesome soldiers.
Here is another queer punishment i
which never has been removed trom I
the statute book. If you are motoring |
| or driving in England beware lest you j
! run over anybody, for if you do so and !
| cause his death your motorcar or car
; riage can be confiscated. Even a fa 11i
ing tree that caused the death of a bnj
man being can be taken from its owner
Tiie strangest punishment which still
j survives under modern law in England j
j is that of "outlawry." Only a few j
I vears ago?in 1906 to be exact?a law- j
! yer charged with forging a check was
"outlawed" in the Glasgow high court
By this sentence the person ot the accused
is declared forfeit He cannot
i bear testimony in a court nor sue nor
[defend an action. He cannot act on a
jury nor vote at an election nor act as
j tutor or guardian to another person.
; If any one robs him be has no redress.
* If any one kills him it seems rather
doubtful if that person can be hanged.
I ?Pearson's Weekly.
One of New York's Tiny Streets.
New York has some queer streets,
and Edgar street is one of them. It
' has been bailt up solidly on both sides
! frou end to end for generations, but j
; it has nu numbers, and no one lives oa :
'it, and no one does business there.!:
>; The letter carrier never stops. It has j,
: only one door, and that is kept locked
and never used. Fifteen long steps
take one along the sidewalk from one ;
I end to the other. Queer iittle thor- j 1
ougbfare is Edgar street, lying be- j :
: tween Broadway and the Hudson, be- !
' *- '" nlrl Vnnr 1
(' low itet'ior suei;u iu uiucsl viv* m.n
York.?New York World. j
, The Question Box.
i i What kind of glue should I use to !
. | make a yardstick ??A- B. C.
j Piease tell me how to tighten a hick- i
. cry nut? F. M. F.
| i Why is it I cannot get any music j,
\ from a bandbox??Mrs. I. G.
j Can you teli me why it is that a fire j
I breaks out at the start and goes out at j
! the finish??Helen M.
How can I sharpen a nutmeg grater? .
?Mrs. S.?Wisconsin State Journal.
Binks?Why, Where's the breakfast? !
Mrs. Binks? Hush, dear! The cook ate i
i.r*. rr^nH a fa 1* all? Yfr<a !
I I it. Olil&S VI uukt aifc >b U>> .
| Binks?Yes, dear. We mustn't say anyj
thing. 1 think cook is jnst the sort of
,, woman who would go round and say
we starved our help.?Cleveland Plain
"Crabbed Age and Youth."
! "Now, Thomas," said the teacher,
i1 can you explain the adage, 'Old men
, i for council and young men for war?' "
, I "It means," replied Thomas, "that j
' " *'J nnominlirin Ci n f? Hion I
! ^16 OiU Lueu UU luc ^ucunuiB ?uu i
' kt the young men do the fighting."? '
i London Fun.
A Pirate's Brutal Remark.
L Captain Kidd buried his treasure.
. j "If I were Mrs. Klcid i wonia nme j
. | it in the top bureau drawer," fcte as- j
serted.-New York Sun.
' k - J
A Card tc
of Rural Tel(
We are anxious to see
other parties and connectec
condition as to furnish effi<
owners of rural lines are re!
we want to co-operate wit!
All lines require a th
sionaily if vhe best service
recommend that every lij
overhauled at least once a ?
experienced telephone man
cost of this work when div
of the line, makes the am
small, and this cost will be
If the owners of rural t
lion are experiencing uuuu
will appreciate their talking
Manager or writing us fu
what we can toward helpii
dition of your line.
SOUTHERN BELL T1
BOX 163, COI
| Better Light a
I j^KUS^rsm iigni
and old eyes alike. J.
give you kerosene ]
| steady, generous g^
corner of the room.
|J The RAYO does not smol
Fj solid brass, nickel-plated.
|| clean, easy to rewick. At
I STANDARD O
Washington, D. C. (NEW J1
p } Norfolk, Va. n < t fn
Richmond, V*. JBAL III
THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, I
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY,
By C. C. Schumpert, Probate Judge, j
Whereas, Robert L. Stokes made I
suit to me to grant him letter of administration
of the estate and effects
of J. D. Stokes.
These are, therefore, to cite and
admonish all and singular the kini
dred and creditors of the said J. D. I
rior.0.0cai-1 that thev be and aD- I
UIVA.CC, U\.UVuon-U, - ^ _
pear be ore me, in tine court of probare,
to be held at Newberry, S. C., on
January 19th next, after publication
hereof, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon,
to show cause, if any they have, why
the said administration should not he
ftivpn under mv hand this 4th, day
of January, Anno Domini 1914.
C. C. Schumpert,
J. P. N. C.
I will be in the auditor's office every
Saturday during the month of January |
to receive applications.
The board is called to meet the first!
J U'/.k ,,nr.Tr -o T! d "VTurph to I
.VIOilUcl V III rcuiuai < auu v- ,
consider these applications.
J. W. Reagin,
Spec/al Teachers' Examination, January
Special teachers' examination tor
uncertified teachers and all prospective
teachers will be held in Newberry
court house, Friday, January 15, 1915.
By order of the State board of edu- j
Geo. D. Brown,
Co. Supt. of Ed. |
m i r t j
I --J ul-lU.
> Owners :
*phone Lines |
that all lines owned by
3 with us are kept in such
;ient service. Wh;ere the
sponsible for their upkeep, j
orough overeauling occa- I
is to be obtained. We j
tie connected with us be j
fear, and that at least one j j
assist in this work. The
ided among all the patrons
tount paid by each man
more than offset by the
elephone lines in this sec
:*-u ^ c
iic wim men aciviLc, we
I the matter oyer with our
lly. We will gladly do j
ig you improve the ton- *
iUMBIA, S. C.
i 11' i ? i i f l!!!' 1 i ' i! 11! Ij i' i H!. ': );! 1 i H l! I:!! l >r! 11; I i 11;:, | :1;' j i: i ;
nd More of It J.
t is best for young M
w < #r\ n
ight at its best ?a g
v that reaches every H
ce or smell. It is made of Pi
It is easy to light, easy to gj
: dealers everywhere. ||f
IL COMPANY i
ERSEY) Charlotte, N. C. |||
i m xx t> Ch&rleston, W Va? C ?
V1UKL Charleston, S. C.
Free Flower Seed.
Tells You About It
If you are engaged in farming, or
if you plant only vegetables or flowers,
you cannot afford to be without
the big catalogue published fresh and
new every year by the great Southern
seed house, H. G. Hastings &
Company, of Atlanta, Ga., and sent absolutely
free, postage paid, to ail who
write for it, mentioning the name of
In this catalogue we tell you of a
splendid offer of free flower seed to
all our customers, five magnificent
varieties that mean beauty about your
home and a pleasure to wives and
daughters that nothing else can give.
This catalogue tells you, too, ahout
our big cash prize offer to the Corn
Club boys of your state. It tells all (
abcut our fine yielding varieties of
corn and cotton?the kind we grow on i
our own 3,200 acre farm. It tells
about the best seeds of all kinds for
planting in the South. It should be
in every Southern home. Write today
and let us send it to you.?H. G.
HASTINGS & CO., Atlanta, Ga.?Advt
The regular annual meeting of the
stockholders of The Peoples National
Bank of Prosperity, S. C., "will be held
at the bank on Tuesday the 12th day
of January 1915 at 1:30 o'clock p. m.,
for tfce election of directors and such
n+hAr business as may come bei'ore
R. T. Pugh,
The Quinine That Does Not Affect The Head
Because of its tonic and laxative effect, LAXATIVK
BROMO QUININE is better than ordinary
Quinine and does not cause nervousness nor
ringinsr in head. Remember the full name and
look /or the signature of H. W. GROVE. 25c. ,
YOUR CORN WILL VANISH
n a few days if you will use our corn
;ure as directed. And going to the
Dther extreme our scalp lotion will
-emove dandruff just as quickly and
effectively. Those are only two of
;he good things to be had at this
irug store. We'll tell you the othera
f you ask.
Mayes' Drug Store
Phone 135. Newberry, S.
I UU K
Dining Car 1
AND THE m
Air Line Railway
Write for Rates to
S. A. L. R'y i
Raleigh, N. C. ^