Newspaper Page Text
^erold and Jans.
Entered at the Postoffice at New?Ty,
S. C., as 2nd class matter.
EL H. AULL, EDITOR.
Friday, May 14, 1915.
THE LUSITAMA'S FATE
It might almost be said that the
Lusitania's fate was of her own choosing.
Her voyage had been openly ad?
x o. n K rv\ o Ac r* Q Knt
VCriiSCU itUU iuc suumai JIU^O uuU uu<.
to wait and wato'a for her. The Observer
thought at the time that the j
boasts of her owners in regard to her I
speed and the reference to her sup-!
posed ability to keep afloat by reason j
of her bulkhead equipment, were made !
to pooh-pooh the idea of danger and
to make the intending ivoyagers feel
at ease. But it is more probably the
case that these boasts and claims were J
made in good faith, for a company
that could have believed the ocean
lanes safe for the passage of such an
inviting mark as this big steamship,
would have believed any claim that
might be advanced in argument for
tie safety of the ship. The anonymous
warnings received by passengers
about to embark should not have been
needed by sensible people. The very
circumstances under which the Lusitania
sailed should have been sufficient
to give thoughtful people warning of
the certainty of the fate that awaited
the ship. The sinking of the Lusitania
will bring tLe stern realities of the
German blockade home to t&e world.
There has been no reason to doubt
the earnestness of the KJerman intentions
in regard to enforcing the war
zone warnings. The main responsibility
for the loss of the steamer rests
with t:e company that sent her out.?
Since writing the editorial in TuesHav'c
icsiip ,-?f Thp Herald and News i
on the sinking of the Lusitania, we!
have read the above from the Charlotte
Observer, and we are pleased to
have li e endorsement of our position
from so good a paper as the Observer.
The world should have known without
this evidence of the stern blockade
of the Germans.
No doubt President Wilson will do
the right tf ing, but we can not see
where America should be held responsible,
or should undertake to go to
war because Germany did to a belligerent
vessel what she gave notice
she was going to do if the vessel un
dertook to cross the water in w!:ich
the Germans found her, and they did it.
The people of South. Carolina must
have been in a terrible state of lawlessness,
as seen by our governor. At
Leesville he told the people that the
State could make no substantial progress
until law and order were restored.
At St. Matthews, on Memorial day, tfte
News and Courier report of his speech
says: "T<he governor was unstinted in
iiis praise of the heroism of the men
during the war and during the rehabil
J 1 J
ibaiiuu ux u-e ouucju, ciim xit: aumoiiished
them that the call for bravery
is a loud today as it was in the 60's,
the call now being to restore South
Carolina as a law-abiding State, and
their duty being to stand as exponents
of the constitution and laws."
Of course all citizens should stand
as exponents of the constitution and
laws, but we can seen no good to come
to law enforcement by constantly talking
about tfce lawlessness and the duty
to restore law and order, because we
believe we have (had law and order in
South Carolina, and we do not feel'
that it is just to the people of the
State to he constantly charging them
with being a lawless set. We do not
see where it does any good in the establishment
of law, granting there was
a oegree of lawlessness, which we
If we could just get the split log
-drag on all the roads now just as soon
as they dry sufficiently and before they
become too ihard, what a great thing
it worna De in tne cause of good roads |
Tlie memorial address of Henry C.
Tillman, -delivered at Prosperity Monday
afternoon, is printed in full in
tuts issue of the paper. It is a fine
address and will repay you to read it.
Newberry Herald and News has
added a weekly school page. Fin?
feature. The editor. Col. Aull, was the
author of the school library law, the
iClemson scholarship law and other
useful educational legislation, and is
keeping up his interest.?Columbia
TAFT PRESENTS !
PLAN FOR PEACE!
OUTLINES SCHEME FOR WORLD
Former President Suggests Solemn
Leaarue to Insure Submission 01
Issues to Tribunal.
Cleveland, OTnio, May 32.?Former!
President William Howard Taft,1
j speaking to the iuona s uourt con gress,
tonight outlined his plan for
I the establishment of a league of peace
' and arbitral court, with the object of
settling by arbitration differences between
the nations of the world and
preventing further wars. Such a league
should include all toe great nations,'
Mr. Taft explained, with an agreement
that should any signatory power be-!
gin war against another member with?
OUl, iirsu suuiummg its gi ieva.iiv;t: iu
the court all the other signatories j
would be bound to join in a "forcible
defense of the member tJ.:us prema-;
That this idea of an international j
tribunal is practical and feasible, Mr.
Taft said, is shown by the successful j
operation of the constitutional courts
of arbitration in this country which .
have settled controversies between
Uie States and the so-called general
arbitration treaties negotiated by Philander
C. Knox, wihile secretary of
state, with France and England to sub-''
mit justiciable disputes to arbitration, j
A "V Anr I
"I am aware that membership in;
this league would involve on the part
of the United States an obligation to
take part in European and Asiatic
wars," he said, "and that in this respect
it would be a departure from
tlae traditional policy of this country
in avoiding entangling alliances with
European or Asiatic countries.
"But I conceive that the interest of
the United States in the close relations
it has of a business and social
character with the other countries of
the world would justify it, if sud'n a
loQCiio o/-m 1 rl Vm frtrmoH running -H'-iii i
V/VU1U UV^ iVllUVUj A. CIXJ. JkAAXl^ U V- |
risk in making more probable the
securing of the inestimable boon of;
peace of the world that now seems
so far away.
"To constitute an effective league i
of peace we do not need all the na-.
tions. Such an agreement between
pio-ht nr ninp nf flip nnwprc nf
~ 0 - ^ ^ w |
Europe, Asia and America would fur- j
nish a useful restraint upon possible j
war. Dje successful establishment of
a peace league between tine great powers
would draw into it-very quickly the I
less powerful nations.
What should he the fundamental!
plan of this league?
Should Have Power.
"In the first place it ought to pro-'
vide for the formation of a court
which would be given jurisdiction by
the consent of all the members of the
league to consider and decide justiciable
questions between them, or any of
them, which have not yielded to negro-1
tiations, according to principles of in-1
ternational law and equity so that the
coirrt should be vested with power
upon the application of any member
of the league to decide tibe issue as
to whether the question arising is justiciable.
"Second. A commission of conciliation
for the consideration and recommendation
of the solution of all non-!
justiciable questions that may arise;
between tibe members of the league
should be created and tibis commission
cli rm 1 rl Viauo riAH'or +/i lioor oui
CAiVUiU 11U I V/ yv/" VI tv Vx T iU vilV vy J
investigate the causes of differences!
and mediate between the parties and
then make its recommendations for a
"Third. Conferences should be held
Program of Closii
17 x ^
3Iay 15, 1815.
1. "Welcome Song.
*2. "Welcome Friends," seven child re
3. Dialogue. "Examination Day."
4. Recitation, "Aunt Elnora's Hero.'
5. "Give and Take," Daisy Young ai
6. Dialogue, "The Sewing Circle."
7. Song, "'Tis Our Festal Day."
3. Recitation, Zack Kir.ard.
j 9. Dialogue, "The Evening Visit."
10. "The Coons'Concert.*'
11. Recitation, David Harris.
12. Dialogue, "An Anxious Inquirer,J:
1'3. Dialogue. "The Lost Dog."
14. "Dance of the Poppies."
15. Pantomime, "Abide With Me," by
| 16. Song, "Springtime is Coming."
17. "Aunt Sophonia Tabor at Opera,
18. Song, Mary A. Ricftardson and C<
19. Dialogue, "Unfortunate Mr. Bro^
20. Operetta, "Vacation Time," by sc
from time to time to agree upon prin- ;
cipies of international law, riot already I
established, as their necessity shall j
suggest themselves. When the con- j
elusions of the commission sihall have |
been submitted to the various parties I
to the league for a reasonable time, j
say a year, without calling forth ob-!
jecticn, it shall be deemed t):at they
acquiesce m me principles tnus de-j
The Strong Arm.
1 "Fourth. The members of the league
shall agree that if any member of the
league, without first having submitted
the question if found justiciable to,
the arbitral court provided in the fundamental
compact, or without having
submitted the question, if found not
justiciable, to tJhe committee of conciliation
for its examination, consideration
and recommendation, then the
remaining members of the league
agree to join in t!:e forcible defense
of the members thus prematurely at- ;
tacked." , i
Mr. Taft said that the principle of
the general arbitration treaties with
England and France should be embraced
in an effective league of peace.
"We must recognize, however, that
tne questions within the jurisdiction
of such a court would certainly not i
include all the questions that might
lead to war, and therefore we should
provide some other instrumentality,
for helping tibe solution of ti'.:ese I
Questions which are not justifiable.1
This might well be a commission of
conciliation to investigate the facts
and to formulate and recommend a
"It is to be observed that tfre fourth
suggestion does not involve the members
of the league in an obligation to
enforce the judgment of the court nor,
of the recommendations of the com-'
mission of conciliation. It only fur-,
nishes the instrumentality of force to
prevent attack without submission.
TV.ie required submission and tfre de-:
lay incident thereto will in most caseu
lead to acquiescence in the judgment
of the court or in the recommendation
of the commission of conciliation. The
threat of force against plainly unjust
war, for that is what is involved in
the provision, will f:ave a most salutary
Tax Continued For Building Repairs.
Upon tfne question of continuing the
one mill levy for the purpose of repairs
and improvements to school
buildings in Xo. 1 distrist, the vote
X) FURTHER WARNING.
Germany Discontinues Advertisement
"Washington, May 12.?The German
embassy tonight notified newspapers
throughout the United States to discontinue
publication of its advertisement
warning Americans against
trans-Atlantic travel on snips of the
allies. Telegrams and letters to the
newspapers gave no reason for discontinuing
the advertisement, but at
the embassy it was declared it had
been run sufficiently long.
Buys Cotton Cargoes.
London, May 12.?The Board of
Trade Las purchased the cotton cargoes
on the detained American'
steamers Southerner and Carolina.'
The Danish steamers Orion and Oscar
II, bound for Copenhagen and held
at Kirkwald, have been released.
i Property Seized.
London, iMay 12.?A Morning Post1
dispatch from Berne says the Aus-!
trian government has confiscated the j
property in Austria of Sir William !
Edward Gosd'-en, former British ambassador
?gwaftMl 1 BBPMWBMWMMBBMMMiZgm |
>0; . I
rcises Zion School
10:30 O'clock. j
' by Carrie Folk.
id Olin Heniz.
." * *
' Olive Eargle and Harold Boland.
' Ruth Ritihardsoh.
hool. * j
MI ST >0T BE ATTACKED j
(Continued From Page One.)
-American public without officially!
communicating them to the United;
States government is commented on !
in Ci n n n a/.t i An irif n til a rifirmo r Am
ill v,uni:tLuv;ii ?itii LIIC uiclii cmbassy's
printed advertisement before!
the sailing of the Lusitania, but, ir- j
respective of the failure to advise the !
American government of Germany's
purpose, the point is made that notice <
of an intention to do an unlawful act \
neither iustifies nor legalizes it.
8. The suggestion is conveyed that j
the German government of course i
could not have intended to destroy j
innocent lives and that consequently 1
the German submarine commanders j
must have misunderstood their in- ;
structions. The American government i
indicated its hope tv.at this will be'
found to be true, and a cessation of j
the unlawful practices thereby will'
9. In conclusion Germany's atten-;
tion is called to the earnestness of the !
government and people of the United \
States in this situation. It is made
plain that the United States will leave
nothing undone either in diplomatic
representations or action to obtain a
compliance by Germany to tfce requests
Friendly But Firm.
The note throughout is couched in j
friendly tones, but is unmistakably!
firm. The suggestion that German I
submarine commanders must have j
misunderstood their instructions or j
that the German government could not
ILave intended to destroy innocent lives
room is given for a disavowal by Germany
of tize practices in the war zone
and an assurance that future attacks j
will be prohibited.
In executive quarters intense interest
prevailed today and news of whatj
the American note contained was!
eagerly sought in the government de-;
partment and in diplomatic circles j
Some international lawyers ana alp-1
lomats who have followed closely Ger- j
many's course since tfre beginning of
the submarine warfare were of the
opinion that a compliance by Germany!
with the terms of the American notej
would not be surprising, and even'
that such a course would not be a de- j
parture from previous expressions.
>*ot By Bargain.
Germany Ihas maintained, it was i
contended, that the submarine activ-'
ity was begun only because England;
would not permit foodstuffs and conditional
contraband destined to civilians
to reach Germany, and because
the neutrals by their protests had been
powerless to effect an adherence to
the rules of international law by the
allies in questions of contraband.
Should Germany announce her intention
to abandon submarine warfare, it
was believed bv some diDlomats. she
would not necessarily make a stipulation,
but would state (her expectation
tisat the United States as the greatest
neutral, would secure equal guarantees
from the allies on question of
In the event that Germany took the
opposite course and refused to comply j
with tine wishes of the United States,}
fhich tn "ce-fiat i
steps would be taken beyond indicating
to at the Washington government
would deal with each development
in the situation as it arose.
No Special Instructions.
Reports that Americans .had been!
advised to leave Germany on account |
of the critical state of relations with |
the United States were declared to be
-wlholly unfounded by officials.
Americans in all belligerent countries
were advised by the state de-:
partment at the outbreak of ^hostilities j
trv Ipsva thp rinno'pr 7f>nec and nn snp- i
eial instructions have been given since
to American envoys in Europe.
Messages continued to flood the
white house and state department today
suggesting various lines of policy.
Conspicuous among these was a per-.
sonal letter from former President;
Taft expressing his confidence in and j
snrmnrt of "Mr. Wilson in thf> situation. '
He gave i:is own suggestions of what!
st.culd be done by the L'nited States.!
which it was said did not differ materially
from the course the president
had adopted. The white house let it
be known that the president was highly
gratified over iMr. Taft's action.
It became known tonight that justice
department officials are giving
consideration to the question of wheth
er publications containing matter such
as editorials seeking to justify the
sinking of the Lusitania and advising
the repetition c. such acts can be
kept out of the mails under the provision
of the penal code, making it an
offense to circulate "matter of a character
intended to incite to arson, murder
or assassination." Some officials
/\ In r?* yvi i /vVi + Y\ r\ r? r\ r> ? ? + 1i r\ -f r\
Lilliirv. tliC iCL W Iiugilt uc V-Uiii 11 UCU LU ,
apply to published speeches of a sim
ilar character. Dr. Bernhard Dernberg's
utterances still are being given1
attention in laigh official quarters, and j
io efrnncrlv tiVlut cnmo cton
IK, w ?u uuSi;
will be taken to end this activity. It'
was suggested today that the German J
I A New Piece of Jew
AND MAKE IT L
ROGERS CAN D
Bring your Watches anc
talk to u
All kinds of Jewelry Reps
| T. M. ROGE
MAM?T n AM A utftM AM 3 A
Irldllj UCpdl IU1CII15,
Our supply of sick room 2
and toilet articles is very
get just what you want
the price is right. Our s
partments, as wen as ou
supplies are all large and
from which to select.
' " ! !!! HI??
err v tc riDCT
JJLL UJ ril\J 1 J
The Best Goods a
Report of the Condition of the Pe<
the State of South Carolina, at the (
Loans and discounts (notes held in 1
U. S. bonds deposited to secure circulj
Subscription to stock of Federal Resei
Less amount unpaid
All other stocks, including premium (
Banking house, $1,639.61; furniture ai
Other real estate owned
Due from Federal Reserve bank.
Due from approved reserve agents in
cago and St. Louis
Due from banks and bankers (not res<
Checks on banks in same city or town
Outside checks and other cash items.
Fractional currency, nickels and cem
Notes of other national banks
Federal reserve notes ?
Lawful money reserve in bank:
Total coin and certificates
Redemption fund with U. S. treasurer
per cent, on circulation)
Capital stock paid in
Less current expenses, interest ai
Due to banks and bankers (other th?
banks and approved reserve ager
Individual deposits subject to che<
Cashier's checks outstanding ....
Deposits subject to 30 or more days' r
Bill payable, including obligations r<
State of South Carolina, County of >
I, R. T. Pugh, cashier of the at
that the above statement is true to 1
Subscribed and sworn to before mc
this 8t)h day of May, 1915.
A. B. Wise,
embassy might be informed that Dr.
Dernberg, a German subject, was making
himself offensive to the American
government and people.
Somehow, the expectations and ifre
performance of the (English, navy in
the North Sea remind one of "Casey
at the Bat."?^Kansas City Times.
OLD JEWELRY J
iOOK LIKE NEW M
O IT FOR YOU Efl
ne a Specialty m
i Clocks HERE. Better M
s NOW. J
tiring at Moderate Prices M
PC The Jeweler!
Each Well Stocked^B
iccessories, rubber goods,
complete, you can always
here and you can be sure
tationery and candy der
cigars, and physicians'
offer the greatast variety
r Drug Co.
t the Right Prices .
irtin Co. I
)lose of Business May 1st, 1915: m
1--V J1CC <99 Id
JdlLh.) . .......
ition (par value) 6,250.00 a
rve bank $1,800.00
1,200.00 600.00 S
)n same 3,785,00 4,385.00
id fixt'r's 1,789.48 3,429.09
New York, Chi?rve
agents) 2,314.68 a
as reporting bank si.uv
t* 74.91 152.23
(not more than 5
id taxes paid 3,182.47 3,908.59
m Federal Reserve V
l ts 589.10 9
ik 45,011.62 ] ]
841.65 45,856.27 1
*v- * - H
j presenting money I
,'ewberry. (ss) 1
jove named bank, do solemnly swear M
best of my knowledge and belief. M
R. T. Pugh, Cashier. ^
T. A. Dominick,
R. L. Luther, > j
J. A. C. Kibler, V
' iar" Directors.
The Germans seem to have taken j
seriously Lord Kitchener's statement
Uaat the war would start in May and J
thus far tftiey are doing most of the I
starting.?Kansas City Journal. 1
It seems that every time Italy lifts I
her gun to her shoulder frigidity of m
the pedal extremities sets in.?Hons