Newspaper Page Text
| Memorial Ad
|L of Hen
I The following address was delivered
Mr. Heny C. Tillman, of Greenwood,
the Memorial day services of the
|lliam Lester chapter, U. D. C., at
ksperity, on Monday, May 10:
fcday the nations of Europe are enBd
in a great war for w*orld power, i
pns of men equipped with every |
|rn man killing device are strug-;
L with other millions equally as!
Equipped. In actual numbers en-1
d, in the slaughter and the cam-1
rVe. in hideousness and horrib'eness.'
other wars must pale into insignificance.
Only yesterday it was that a'
monster grey hound of t).:e ocean was;
sent to the bottom by a modern ser-j
pent of the sea. The newness of war;
but makes it more horrible. But out1
of it all will come tbe same results!
that have come from other wars. |
There will be maimed men and widowI
ed women, and children who will wail
the loss of a father and a friend. It
will be a harvest of unrequited hopes i
and broken hearts. Nations will be j
laid waste and torn down and the work j
of centuries of civilization will fall to!
the cry of the hissing dohid ana tnej
L boom of the bursting shell. Only two |
certainties stand out. Tne one?the j
(heart throbs of a depleted and disin-|
tegrated citizenship. The other?a vie- j
tor and a vanquished. The victor with
iy redoubled power?the vanquished without
power. No two of the contending
nations speak the same language, but |
to each the word meaning power ex*?
i -i iV.:. i
presses me nnai goai w. men cxavi is.;
Already the men of tfrese armies of
the old world have proven that men j
still know how to die. Each day a'
new "hero is born to give undying name '
to those who come after him. Each
army is filled witia men who dare and
die to write upon the scroll of his- j
tory's passing page a deed that will
mean a heritage of glory to his pos
The nations of Europe hare visable
"ways of attesting the love or a coun- j
try for its heroes, and tonight along j
the trend":es in the east and in the
west many are the dreams of the decoration
whic? claims for its owner a
place among the immortals. T:is one
perhaps is dreaming of the iron cross, i
Not far away, and perhaps within tfce
eame battle line, there may be another
who dreams of the Legion of Honor j
r or maybe the cross of (Victoria. How <
L ? - * - i i
I men win ngm ior t.je caauce u: cauu2y
And still, were I a soldier, witf3 a,
soldier's life and a soldier's love there
is a decoration that I would rather
t Slave than any that can be given by
prince, or czar, or king. :
It is a decoration that has no pres-I
tige of empire to give it power or j
worldly place. It is a decoration that
I is not bestowed solely upon t-e peerless
or the favorite. It is t,ve decora- j
tion which does not bear the stamp
of State. Kingdom or Alliance. It is ,
a decoration that is -not inspired by an ;
exhibition of prowess nor a desire of
reward. It is a simple tribute of j/bve
and respect by women who know how j
. <o love and respect. It is the emblem j
Fof a Dunea nope Diazonea uy uanas ;
and i:earts, who have loved and lost a j
cause. It is the gift of the Southern j
women to the Confederate soldier. The
I Southern cross.
No prince?no potentate?no matter
iiow wide ftis dominions may "be, can:
K^ef/var iinftn a crwMier a PC- :
r ? -
oration that means as much or is as
much deserved. T:e same hands which
bestow it upon the living with tender
care, with tenderer love, are bowing
today to place flowers, upon the graves
^ of the dead. And in this springtime,
ana m me springs iu uumc, uu tunfederate
soldier need think of his battle
as of a battle in vain, when fee
k eees the unending love which that battle
fcas inspired in the hearts of his
I sometimes think that the true
greatness of any people can be accurately
ascertained by a study of the
cinz-inri f in/1 cimnllfMTV nf '
~ aiuvti X^T auu v. ^- v^.v ^
manner of that people in memorializing
its dead. The memorials of the
Sout'i are pre-eminent both in sincerity
and in simplicity. In almost every
Southern county there has arisen out |
of the hearts of the people simple
monuments to the Confedera:e soldier.
The rich and,the poor, the faumble
and the great, have contributed alike
to the erection of these tokens in
marble and they all attest the united |
love of a united people. Througfnout
our land today there are meetings of
the common people to drop upon the
graves of their dead living blossoms.
Tonight the army of gray in its sleep
i*ests beneath a multitude of flowers.
These flowers fade and wither with tomorrow's
passing sun, but tTne love
which prompts the giving lives on and j
will live "until the sun grows cold
and the stars grow old, and the leaves
of the judgment book unfold."
And what can justify such love as
^ 'tiis? As a memorial truthfully tells
tfce reality of tfce love of a people, 60
ry C. Tillman
the reality of that love as truthfully
tells the greatness of the reasons icr
its existence. No people has ever
memorialized its heroes unless certain
conditions existed. No man has
ever been memorialized unless he hag
rendered some signal service in the
freedom of mankind from some lorm
of slavery?political, religious or i.u
? ? - ? ?w* .. KrtAr* rn am A_
Ilictll. i\o armv litis oci uccu mcaju- :
rialized unless that army fought for\
more than material gain or selfish1
glory. There must have been a great
cause. There must have been a great j
army fighting for t "at cause under
great leaders! ip and for the love of a
Can we of the South justify our
(Memorial day, when called upon to
meet the reauiremnts of history? Was
our cause a great cause? That it was
a righteous cause can be maintained j
and proven by logic and argument, j
The right of a State to withdraw from
a union which that State had voluntarily
entered can never be refuted by
the arguments of right and it never
has been denied by others than tSe
apostles of might. If other States of
the union had t):e right to lorce Soutn.
Carolina back into a union of unde- i
sirablQ States in 1861, why, I ask you,'
did not South Carolina have the right
? ~ A rt+P*) nr tn'^lvo rtTlT. '
Ail 1 lOi IV iVl tU tUC t n vi *v v* 45
inal colonies into a union of indis-1
soluble States? Was that right ever;
suggested or even tl:ought of? Did
not all sections of the country then
acknowledge that each State had the
rigfot to enter the union or remain a;
separate State? And was the union J
ever intended to be one that cc/uld
never be severed. The oniy reason ior
its existence was t'.:e weakness of its
integral parts and that reason of
weakness did not exist in 1S61. Many
men have given this subject attenuon
and much has been written and said j
upon sides of the proposition, but I
have yet to see a single enemy of tie
South's position give any reasonable
excuse for his denial of the rig.t to
I am an American citizen and I am
proud of it. I glory in the greatness
? 3 - ?*>. s*. J aaii -*-> 4- r*xr TliQ
<111(1 Lilt? guuu Ui 1-L1V v;?-?uiaui j. i.ut
question of secession has been settled
by this country in lour bitter years
of war, but as long as God gives me
t'!:p nowers of reason I will always be
lieve that the settlement of ti:is question
was wrong and that might triumphed
But some contend that the Southern
cause was based upon human slavery
and was, therefore, wrong. Human
slavery was wrong. It tad been wrong
from the beginning of time and will
be wrong until the end of eternity, but
t i iv i IL - r* iL >_ n 4.
i aeny mat me ouuui s iigai was a
fight to perpetuate slavery. The postponement
of this argument is giver
the lie in tlie outset by t)..e fact that
less than 25 per cent, of those who
fought for the Southern cause were;
interested in slaves or owned them.
The vast majority were inspired by no
such lowly motive as the mercenary i
rptpnf-iAn nf frmrrar
For the justification of those who
fought under the Southern cross, I
appeal to higher sources tJ:an either
a constitution or the greed of men. I
appeal to the conscience of a people'
who acted with no thought but to dO|
the right as the riglnt appeared. I;
might defend that cause from thej
/n J a "r*4V* <11 ft n I
V>1 <X VUilBCIlUlIUJUL WCeO
written in protest against the ruie ol
force and which Lad as its foundation
stone the principle that the one essen- j
tial element of government was the!
consent of tfne governed, but I believe'
that a higher justification exists than ;
any to be found in codes or articles
No great revolution needs to explain '
or justify itself. T.:e rise of a whole
people is a fact which furnishes the'
best evidence of its right to existence.:
A gust of passion may make o? a'
crowd a mob, and a mob may create
a temporary insurrection against a!
wrong, real or fancied. But when an
entire people are aroused to the point
of revolution there must be a great'
cause. When an entire people defend
their homes wit!: desperation and devotion,
when they endure poverty and \
(hardship and dare deatti and destruction
for the sake of a cause based
upon a principle of government that
principle has to be sacred and that j
cause must be just. In all time there
arp ^ut two judges of the action of a
people. God and the people themselves.
And under God, the Southern
cause needs and asks no higher justification
than the acts of the Southern
people enacted upon the hearthstones
of broken homes and upon the running
fields of bloody battle. History
can not fail to accord to tl'ae Southern
people the glory of valor and achievement
and it must not fail to accord
to the Southern cause the justification
of right and honor.
But let us hastily pass to the next
essential of a great army. It is told
that on the cay aft^r t e spine oj
Stonewall Jackson had winged its way
across tie river to rest in the shade of
the trees, Richmond lay crushed like
a great bleedir.g heart, and as ti e
thousands passed the bier of that immorta
genius, the sobs and the tears
were but echoes of a pain of a nation |
which had been stabbed in a vital spot.
Among the last to look upon i at noble i
face was a young boy who paused and
1. . v:. ' v. ^
bUUtvfcl IU JiiS UfctU CUiCl cur, 11C
said, "if today you consort with Caesar
tell him we still make war." How J
truthfully did this youth describe the
real meaning of t- e arm of the South.
Upon the book of history I have
stood wi:h the Spartans at Thermopnvlao
Km n T havp u-nrifiprf>d ami nd
mired. But the band of Robert Lee,
falling back from Richmond across
Virginia to Appomatax, did not have
the protection of a mountain pass and
was not even sustained by tf .e food
necessary to keep up a starving body.
Still it fought a force more than five
times as grpat and its spirit was so un- \
broken that Lee's first statement to
Grant was mat unless ne could maKe
honorable terms for his men, the bat-;
tie would Ciave to continue until the
army of Northern Virginia was no
more. I i.ave stood upon the pages of
hicfr?rv c.rtn watrhprl tho 1p<nnnc nf
Caesar in their battles with the Gauls.
I have seen them cross toe Rubicon!
and bring back to Rome fresh glory,
and yet the army of Stonewall Jackso>
in the Shenandoah campaign fought
and defeated two armies either of,
which excelled it in numbers, and it j
was Gen. Early who said of that feat |
of arms that in its beginning he be-;
lieved that Jackson was mad, but that,
before it was over t:e was convinced
that Jackson was inspired.
I have seen the charge of trne Light
Brigade at Balaklava and the last fu-,.
tile effort of the old guard at Waterloo,!
but the brave men who followed the
flag of Pickett across H:e open fields;
of Gettysburg have been to the world a ,
new record of daring and courage.
I have seen the array of Napoleon
cross the Alps. I have followed it into
the frozen north of Russia. I have
seen this man of destiny survey a fal- i
len enemy at Austerlitz and then dis- :
tribute kingdoms of J-is fallen foes
among his relatives and his friends, i
but t'.:e army of the Tennessee, with
untrained men, poor equipment and
insufficient supplies, kept a far greater
force from breaking the backbone of
the Confederacy for four years, and
under the leadership of Forrest and I
Jackson peformed feats upon whicl*!
any people might defend its greatness. I
And the Southern cause had great j
leaders. 'Jefferson Davis it was who i
led victorious American troups in Mexico,
wfco returned to sway the American
RPnatP and who ctnor? hpfrvro the
bar of the American nation accused I
of treason. He saw victory first upon |
V:.e banner of the nation which called;
him "chief"?and he was made a cap- j
tive. He became the ruler of a great i
people and fee was put in chains. He 1
helneri to creatp a nation Hp it
rise and he saw it fall, and he was j
made the "scapegoat of that nation's j
failure, still l:e murmured not. He i
was greatest in that defeat and in that1
humiliation which sought to break and
Far be it from me to indulge in sac- j
lilige in any form, but I honestly be- j
lieve that since the days of Christ no :
man Las lived on earth with so ex- j
alted a character as Robert E. Lee. j
Great in war and great in peace. When !
he stood upon that fatal field and saw j
tJ'ne brave men of Pickett's division!
offer tnemselves upon the shrine of
their country, as a sacrifice which has
no superior in the annals of time, lie
doubtless knew that the turning point l
!had come and that the Southern wave I
had reached its crest. And vet he was :
great enough to shoulder all the blame.!
"It was all my fault," he said.
And he who had led Southern men;
and wTuO was the idol of his people in
war laid down his sword and sought to 1
teach tl:e vouth of his country the 1es_ !
sons of life. Xo reward would he'
accept, no position did he seek, noth- \
ing could detract hi:n from the path i
of duty and duty demanded that he1
(Should stand by the Sou to which had;
fallen. As great as he was upon the
field of battle, equally great was Leei
at Lexington, training Ce young men
oi tne soutli to be Dimd to ail save
Those who have enjoyed a sight of
its beauties relate t!~at it is worth a|
trip across the equator to enjoy the)
splendors of that great constellation
of the southern hemisphere known as
the Southern Cross. ;t is the guiding
light oi the soft Southern seas. We
can imagine then how the mariner of'
thosp wst.ers would fpp] if this rnn
steilation should be suddenly blotted
from the sky. -So I can imagine what
the emotions and sorrows of tfae Southern
people were when the flashing,
meteoric career of Stonewall Jackson
was suddenly ended. I read the other
day teat when some one remarked to
Lord Roberts, the great English soldier,
that Jackson was a great student
o? tlae campaigns of Napoleon, that
.-Roberts replied: "And well might Na
poleon have been a student of the campaigns
of Jackson." It "was Lee "who
told him after he was !>.:ot, "You have
lost your left arm, but I have lost my
right." To whici. the sturdy, unselfish
warrior replied, "Better a thousand
Jacksons should die than one Lee." I
It is doubtless idle to speculate upon
t'/:e probabilities of what might have
been, bui had Jackson lived I firmly
believe that the flag which flies over
us today would have been a different
And there were the two .Johnsons
and Forrest, Stuart and Early, Hampton
and Butler, Gary and others too
numerous to be named. I have heard
it said that it was a thought expressed
by Jc n W. Daniel that if a -^reat tidal
wave should sweep over this country
and wipe frgm the face of the earth
everything that we iiavo except a copy .
of the declaration of independence that
the future people w o should discover .
this country would know that this had
been the home of a free people. I be1
* 1 - - ? ? ~ 1 i *??i +r* 4* l t
Jieve u.ia: it is an euu<*i iruui mat n
nothing of t< e South should be left
except the names and the lives of its
leaders the future people of the world
would know tnat this had been the
home of a great people.
The people after all were tl':e bul-!
wark of the Southern Confederacy. No
leaders could have risen to the pedes- j
tals of fame without tae support of men
of the type of t.he Confederate
private. A soldier of fortune and a
soldier of despair was he. Were I an
orator I could paint to you in vivid
words the merits of t):e private soldier
of the Confederacy. I know that since
the world began it has produced no
nobler figure than the figure of the
private soldier of the Confederacy j
fighting for his I'-ome and his country, i
Many there are who have answered the '
long roll for foe last time. The rest!
are bent with honorable age. Taeirj
sun is slowly setting, but it is the'
hope of the young South that they may j
be spared to us for many years in'
comfort and in peace, and when the
summons does come wp kiiow wjcj
will go as men unafraid to die, and we j
Lope they will sleep the sleep of those :
who deserve an undisturbed rest.
And the last and greatest of the
jewels of the South is its women. No;
war has brought greater (hardships
upon the homes of the people than did
the >W(ar Between the States, and still
no women could have borne these
hardships more nobly than did the
women of the SoutiJ. They worked
with willing hands to give all they
could to the fighting force of their
country. In pain and in sorrow the
smile never left the lips of this d:am-j
pion of the South. Her work did not
end with Appomatox, but has continued
throughout the loalf-century of
peace, and t)-e obligation under wnicn
the manhood of the South fcas been
put by the deeds and lives of these
noble women can never be measured
in words and can only be repaid by
lives of useful and honest endeavor. j
Yes, my friends, we are a conquered
nation. Our nation was born in war
and it died in war. Just as England
bowed before the Norman conquerors
and just as France and Prussia and
Spain, and every great power, have at
times been overrun and conquered, so
were we conquered. But our captivity
was not prolonged. Tl:e soldier w*!bo
crawled away from Appomatox went,
home and went to work. In 1876 the !
government of his fathers was reclaimed
from the black hordes which j
had been forced upon a Toelpless State.1
In very truth' the swords were beat;
into plow shares and those who had l
performed deeds of valor were as
eager to do deeds of labor.
The waters of a thousand streams,
as they rushed from the mountains to
the sea were harnessed and made to'
turn the wheels of industry. The laws
nf nntnrA 9c thpv atp written hv thp
hands of science have been applied
to the tillage of the soil and our coun- j
try once more blossoms under tlie
touch of the falling rain and the shin-!
A conquered nation? Yes! A nation
which has nothing of its sovereignty
leit but a name ana still a nation
whose sons ftave returned to tl-ie helm
of a national government and whose
voice is heard in the councils of the
And through all of our troubles, inj
our darkness and in our light, in our
days of famine and in our days of pros- ;
perity we liave but tried to follow the'
example of the Confederate soldier.
My venerable friends, well may we
pause in the activities of life to pay
tribute to those comrades of yours who
have fallen along the pathway, and to
those of you who are left we say!
''greeting." May God's richest bless-!
ings rest upon your days in tJhe land:
of your labor and may He bring you |
safe into the Tnaven of those to whom
He will say, "Well done, thou good
and faithful servant, enter thou into
the joy of thy Lord."
The School Improvement association
of Pomana will give a barbecue in
the grove at Pomaria on July 3, for tJbe
benefit of the school.
Mrs. Jno. C. Aull, Pres.
A 1 >
A special a
real values ii
You will d
spect my stoc
Book & Va
The House of a '
I ARF YOI
by one of
If so, write the under
fares, folders and all parti'
Excursion tickets pe:
famously attractive and
T. C. \
General Passenger Ag<
The Standard Rail
The exercises for Memorial day, May
10th, were, for the sake of convenience,
divided into two parts, the decoration
of the old soldiers' graves taking place
at Hosemont cemetery Sunday after
noon and tlae dinner ana puDiic Bpea.iving
occurring on Tuesday. Rev. Mr.
r Dibble, of tihe Methodist church, gave
us a very interesting and appropriate
address at the cemetery, stressing especially
the duty of training our children
in a right understand!u.; of the
true meaning of the Civil w<-.r to us,
of the valor of our (Su srOI'ers (the
very flower of our Soutlil'r.-d) that
similar principles be ins'Hed into
them, and that histories be given them
to study that give an account of events
by a Southern historian.
Although Tuesday vas a very inclement
day, of the 183 soldiers given
tickets, there were 135 at the table.
We estimate that there were at least
200 persons served altogether, counting
the daughters of Drayton Rutherford
chapter. Calvin Crozier chapter
and Osborne Schumpert chapter, the
West End band and visitors.
> i>r. uurren, tne ;oresi'ient or me university
of South Carolina, made a most
inspiring address at the opera house.
He avoided the well-beaten path of
secession and the causes leading up to
it, and gave a most interesting sketch
,of Robt. E. Lee. He gave incidents
in his life showing his modesty, his
thoughtfulness, his bravery, ihis refinement,
his reluctance to allow his
enemies to be abused, Tais refusal to
let the "almighty dollar" make him
swerve from the path of duty, fais handsome
physique, how strong were the
allurements to make him take up arms
on tibe Northern side (of which he was
asked to be commander-in-dhief) espe"
11 " Vl C, TllTYl Cdlf Tint TVP- 1
JJIdll J UVj Uijaiwv-*, U*u ?WW - ~ ^
>c counter of
!o well to in
k before buyLTTT'OJ
?co and San
signed for low excursion
* t i _
cuiars regarding your inp.
rmit stopovers at many
scenic points and resorts.
l TTT *1 5 l XT
3111, w liming ion, in. *u.
road of the South.
lieve in secession or slavery, although,
lie did believe in States' rights. Ho
| called the attention of the children of
1 Newberry schools, wijo .had marched
in to the strains of the West End band,
y to certain beautiful traits in Lee's
' character that he wished them to em?
j ulate, and showed how t'nat even Lee's
enemies "could find no fault in IMm."
i He especially recommended for our
j reading a history of Lee by a Northern
til*Via prvnfpsspri that, at
JH-1CIJLI, UAftUiViu, ? "v
one time he had been very much prejudiced
against Lee, but on a careful
study of ftis life, candor constrained
I ihim to say that all was favorable.
! Dr. Currell, "himself, lived in Lexing'
ton in tfae house once occupied by Lee,
in the parlor of which "Stonewall"
j Jackson was married. He closed with
| the tale of a benignant face, carved
j by Nature on the side of a mountain
j in Virginia, of which it was prophesied
j that a man would be born to bless the
! people, with a face like that.
| Some lived in whom the prophesy
was at first thought to be fulfilled,
but later tfcey developed traits so ini
consistent that popular clamor said,
j "No, not you;" but at last a poor boy
i was born who looked and looked at
that face until it affected his whole life,
and in him the prophesy was fulfilled,
j So may we who continue to study and
j copy the life of Lee come to be like
One of the Ladies.
Barbecue at Pleasant.
A barbecue will be served at Mt.
'Pleasant church on Tuly 17 for the
beneft of the MethodT>t parsonage at
Pomaria. Every one is invited to come
and get a good dinner and help a good
cause. G. H. Cromer,
i Chairman of Committee.